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VOL. X. 



Printers to the Historical Society. 






Ecclesiastical history of Massachusetts 1 
Account of the religious societies in Portsmouth, N. H. 37 

Topographical description of Brewster 72 

Account of Halifax 79 

Estimate of the inhabitants of Nova-Scotia 81 

Note on Southborough 82 

Account of Stow 83 

Account of Westborough 84 

Memoir of Sudbury 86 

Account of Harvard 88 

Note on Marlborough 89 

Memoir of Marlborough association ib. 

History of Guilford 90 

Memoir of the Pequots 101 

Additional memoir of the Pequots 102 

Number of the Nyhantic indians 103 

Number of king Ninegretfs tribe 104 

Indians on Connecticut river ib. 

Account of the Montauk indians 105 

Memoir of Block island 111 

Account of the Stratford indians ib. 

Number of the Potenummecut indians 112 

Mashpee indians 113 

Monymoyk indians 114 

Saconet indians ib. 

Eastern indians ib. 

Account of the indians in Acadie 115 

Number of indians in Connecticut, 1774 117 

Number of indians in Rhode-Island, 117^ 119 

Account of the several nations of southern indians ib. 

Indians at a treaty, A. Z). 1764 121 

iv Contents. 

Estimate of the indian warriors employed by the British 

in the revolutionary ivar 123 
Estimate of the number of Indians in the battle of 

Miami ib. 
Eliotfs account of indian churches in New-England, 

1673 124 
Account of Raivson and DaftfbrWs indian visitation, 

A. D. 1698 129 

List of Indians in Natick, 1749 134 

Numbers in the Mohawk language 137 

Numbers in the Norridgwog language ib 
Account of the surprise and defeat of a body of indians 

near Wrentham 138 
Edwards' letter, relating to the indian school at Stock- 
bridge, 1751 142 
Chauncfs sketch of eminent men in New-England 154 
Barnard's sketch of eminent ministers in New-England 166 
Life of President Chauncy 171 
Memoirs of Edward Tyng, esq. 1 80 
Memoirs of hon. William Tyng, esq. 183 
Anecdote of John Eliot of Roxbury 186 
Grant made to William Hubbard for writing his history 187 
John Adams the author of an essay on feudal and canon 

law ib. 
Bill of mortality for Middleborough 188 
Memoir of Andrew Eliot ib 
Memoir of Thomas Pemberton 190 
List of resident members 191 
List of corresponding members 192 
General table of contents of the ten volumes 193 
Chronological table of the most remarkable events re- 
corded in the ten volumes 202 
General index to the ten volumes 227 
Index of authors 299 
Laws of the society SOS 
Officers of the society SOI 
List of deceased members 308 
Err ours corrected ib. 




Ecclesiastical History of Massachusetts. 

Continued from Vol. IX. p. 49. 

Account of the New-England Platform ; of the attempts 
made to convert the Natives ; and the state of Religion, 
and orfler of the Churches from 1648, during the com- 
monwealth in Great- Britain. 

N the earliest period of our history, the churches of New- 
England enjoyed religious freedom beyond what could be 
expected by their brethren in Europe, and were subject to 
their own religious discipline and order. The clergy aimed 
not at much power, but were highly respected by the magis- 
trates, who asked their advice upon the most important occa- 
sions. From this it has been supposed they had great influ- 
ence upon the affairs of the community. But what influence 
they had was more owing to their character, than their office. 
The magistrates, as members of the churches, were able to 
give a check to clergymen who thought too highly of them- 
selves. They also were well versed in the scriptures, and 
had more knowledge of ecclesiastical history than most 
preachers of the gospel. 

If we look into the church at Plymouth, how very able 
ought a teacher to be, when governour Bradford and elder 
Brewster were among the church members ? And such great 
men as Cotton and R. Williams not only looked with respect 
upon governour Winthrop, as their magistrate, but also consid- 
vol. x. b ered 

2 Ecclesiastical History 

ered him as one mighty in that sacred eloquence, for which 
they were distinguished.* 

The 'New-England Platform of Church Discipline,' coin- 
posed at the desire of the people by laymen and ministers, 
contains ideas as favourable to the wishes of the brethren, 
as the pastors. In all disputes, where the ministers have 
been accused of making an improper use of their powers, 
or usurping authority, recourse has been had to their foun- 
dation of church government, and generally their opposers 
have been successful. 

" Ordinary church power is either the power of office, i. e. 
such as is proper to the eldership, or power of privilege, such 
as belongs to the brotherhood. The latter is in the brethren 
formally and immediately from Christ ; that is, so that it may 
be acted or exercised immediately by themselves. The for- 
mer is not in them formally or immediately, and therefore can- 
not be acted or exercised immediately by them, but is said 


* In Winthrop's Journal there is frequent mention of his mingling 
with the pastors and officers of the church. — July 21. 1631. The 
govemour, and deputy, and Mr. Nowell the elder of the congregation 
at Boston, went to Watertown to confer with Mr. Phillips the pastor, and 
Mr. Broom the elder of the congregation there, about an opinion they 
had published, that the churches of Rome were the true churches. The 
matter whs debated before many of both congregations, and by the appro- 
bation of all the assembly except three, was concluded an error. 

" 1G32. October 25. The govemour with Mr. Wilson, &c. went 
to Plymouth. The govemour of Plymouth, Mr. William Bradford (a 
very discreet, grave man), with Mr. Brewster the elder, came forth and 
met them without the town, and conducted them to the governour's house, 
where they were kindly entertained, &c. On the Lord's-day there was 
a sacrament which they did all partake in, and in the afternoon Mr. 
Roger Williams (according to their custom) propounded a question, to 
which the pastor, Mr. Smith, spake briefly, then Mr. Williams prophesied, 
and afier the govemour of Plymouth spoke to the question ; after him 
the elder, then some two or three more of the congregation. Then the 
elder desired the govemour of Massachusetts and Mr. Wilson to speak 
to it, which they did. When this was ended, the deacon, Mr. Fuller, put 
the congregation in mind of their duty of contribution, upon which the 
govemour and all the rest went down to the deacon's seat and put into 
the bag, and then returned." 

This custom of all the church members going to the deacon's seat 
lias been retained in some churches to very late years. It may now be 
the case where we are not acquainted. 

of Massachusetts. 3 

to be in them, in that they design the persons immediately 
to office, who only are to act, or to exercise this power." 

Such a platform would not have been composed by the 
succeeding generations. For the ministers soon obtained, 
and were very ready to exercise more authority, than they 
could derive from it. They adhered more to the comments, 
which were made by clergymen, than to the book itself. 
And the people, or brethren, less disposed to altercate the 
subject, rather chose to bend their wills to the opinions of 
their pastors. 

The causes of this change will be manifest as we pursue 
the thread of our history. The fact is established by a 
comparison of the Saybrook, with the Cambridge Platform ; 
and by the alarm made in Massachusetts in the next half- 
century, when the churches' quarrel was espoused by some 
clergymen of eminence, and many laymen, who expressed 
their astonishment at the attempts made to support the 
authority and strengthen the hands of the clergy ; it also 
appears from the frequent controversies, which have ensued, 
where the ministers have claimed a power to negative the 
proceedings of the brethren.* 

The Cambridge Platform was adopted in 1648. It was 
the constitution of our churches from that period to the 
American revolution ; and it is now frequently appealed to 
by those who desire to walk in the steps of their fathers 
All denominations of Christians must venerate this wise 
specimen of ecclesiastical polity which was not merely cal- 
culated for the age ; but, with some small alterations, would 
serve for all ages. The 

* Mr. Cotton, in a written copy of the Keys, maintained, that in the 
government of the church, "Authority is peculiar to the elders only;" 
and he answers all the arguments of the Brownists to the contrary. 

There were some of the First Church in Boston, who were against 
synods, wisely considering that liberty of conscience was infringed. Had 
they not reason ? They took not powers from the civil magistrate, like 
the Papists, but they gave power, as having the keys to judge of heresies, 
and their advice to punish them. 

Heresies, meaning opinion, ought never to be punished by the civil 
magistrate ; but where any sects, whether nominated Christians, or other- 
wise, disturb the peace of the community, they are to be considered as 
under the discipline of the law ; hence the rods of the civil authority are 
shaken at them to prevent those mischiefs, which the enemies of social 
order would introduce. 

4 Ecclesiastical History 

The following remarks of Mr. Hubbard, in his MS. histo- 
ry, are very just, and perhaps have had their influence upon 
the order of our churches. Ecclesiastical policy, church gov- 
ernment, or church discipline, is nothing else, but that form 
or order, which is to be observed in the church of Christ on 
earth, both for the constitution of it, and all the administra- 
tions which therein are to be performed, the parts of which 
are all described in the word of God, and it is not left in 
the power of any to alter, add, or diminish any thing therein. 

2. There is a catholick visible church, viz. the company 
of those who profess the firm faith, whether in church order 
or not ; but there is no political catholick church, the state 
of the members of the visible church, since the coming of 
Christ being only congregational. 

3. A congregational church, by the institution of Christ, 
is a part of the visible church, consisting of a company of 
saints by calling, united into one body, for the publick wor- 
ship of God, and the mutual edification one of another, in the 
fellowship of the Lord Jesus Christ; the matter of which, 
as to its qualification, ought to consist of such persons as have 
attained the knowledge of the profession of their faith and re- 
pentance, walk in blameless obedience to the word of God ; 
as to its quantity, it ought not to be of greater number than 
can ordinarily meet together in one place, nor fewer than can 
conveniently carry on church work. The form of such a 
church is an agreement, consent, or visible covenant, where- 
by they give themselves up to the Lord to the observing of 
the ordinances of Christ together in the same society. 

4. The fraternity of such a church is the first subject of 
all ordinary church power, which is either a power of office 
or privilege. But the power of privilege is in the brethren 
formally and immediately ; the other is in them no otherwise, 
than that they design the persons into office, who only are 
to act and exercise that power. 

5. The ordinary officers of the church are such as con- 
cern their spiritual and moral, or temporal and natural good. 
Of the first of which are pastors, teachers, ruling elders. 
1 Tim. v. 17. In the last mentioned, most of the churches 
in New-England agree ; as many of the congregational 
churches elsewhere are not so well agreed, accounting ruling 
elders should be able to teach. 

6. It 

of Massachusetts. 5 

6. It is in the power of the churches to call their own 
officers, and remove them from their office again, if there be 
just cause, jet so as the advice of neighbouring churches, 
where it may conveniently be done, be first had. They who 
are to officiate ought to be tried and proved, before they be 
elected. 1 Tim. v. 22. 

7. Elders are to be ordained by the imposition of hands, 
which is to be performed by the elders of the same church, if 
it be furnished with any, or those of neighbouring churches, 
and it may be done by some of the brethren deputed there- 

[ junto, which latter is also disapproved by the learned Dr. 
Hornbeck, professor of Leyden, from Numbers viii. 10. 

8. The powers of government in a congregational church 
ought to proceed after the manner of a mixed administration; 
for, in an organick church, no act can be consummate without 
the consent both of the elders and brethren, so as the power 
of government or rule in the elders prejudice not the power 
of privilege in the brethren, nor the power of privilege in 
them prejudice the power of rule, seated in the elders, seeing 
both may severally agree together. 

9. For the maintenance of the ministers of the church, all 
that are taught are to communicate to him that teaches, in all 
good things; and in case of neglect, the magistrates ought to 
see that the ministers be duly provided for. 

10. For the admission of members there ought to be a 
personal relation in publick, or by the elders, acquainting the 
church what satisfaction they have received from the persons 
in private. The things, wherein satisfaction is required, 
are faith and repentance, which ought to be found in all 
church members. 

11. Where members of churches are called to remove 
from one church to another, it is convenient, for order's sake, 
that it be done by letters of recommendation or of dismission. 

12. The censures of the church, which are for the pre- 
venting, removing or healing of offences, are excommunica- 
tion or admonition, wherein the church ou^ht to proceed ac- 
cording to the .rule, Matt, xviii. 15, 16, wherein the offence 
is brought to the church by the mouth of the elders. 

13. Particular churches, although they are distinct, and 
have not power over one another, yet because they are united 
to Christ, not only as a mystical head, but a political head, 


6 Ecclesiastical History 

ought to have communion one with another, by way of mu! 
tual care, consultation, admonition, and participation in th<j 
same ordinances. 

14. Synods orderly assembled, and rightly proceeding, acj 
cording to the pattern of Acts xv. are the ordinance of Christ] 
and if not absolutely necessary, being yet necessary to th( 
well being of churches, for the establishment of peace an( 
truth therein. And many churches may so assemble togethe 
by their messengers and elders. And their directions and de 
terminations, so far as consonant to the word of God, are t( 
be received with reverence and submission, not only for thei 
agreement therewith, without which they bind not at all, bu 
also for the power whereby they are made, are an ordinanc< 
of God, appointed thereunto in his word. 

15. Church government and civil government may wel 
stand together, it being the duty of the magistrate to tak< 
care of matters of religion, and to improve his civil authority 
for the observing the duties commanded in the first as wel 
as the second table, seeing the end of their office is not onb 
the quiet and peaceable life of the subject in matters o 
righteousness and honestv, but also in matters of godliness 
1 Tim. ii. 1, 2. 

These views of the discipline and order and practice of th< 
churches in Massachusetts, which are chiefly taken from Mr 
Hubbard's MS. history, do not exhibit the exact view of the 
platform, but the exact state of our ecclesiastical affairs at thi 
latter end of the century, when he wrote ; and are simila 
to sentiments contained in a book published about that lime* 
by Dr. I. Mather, upon " the order of the churches." 

The last article does not differ much from the third articl 
of our present constitution of civil government ; but wouk 
hardly be allowed by the Independents, including arnon^ 
these the Dissenters in England, as well as the various sect 
scattered in the several states in New-England. 

Mr. Hutchinson, who published this state of the churches 
in the first volume of his history, makes this remark, " Aftei 
all that may be said in favour of the constitution, the strength 
of it lay in the union, declared in the last article, with the civi 
authority. The usual way of deciding differences and con 
troversies in churches, it is true, was by a council, consisting 
of elders and other messengers of neighbouring churches, and 


of Massachusetts, 7 

. where there was a general agreement in such councils, the 
Ik contending parties generally acquiesced ; but if the council 
happened to differ in apprehensions among themselves, or if 
J either of the contending parties were contumacious, it w r as 
J a common thing for the civil magistrate to interpose and put 
J an end to the dispute."* 

Q( j It may be permitted an ecclesiastical historian to be more 
J particular in giving an account of this synod, though not the 
J first in order, and because we here find the judgment and 
J practice of our fathers, concerning the government of the 
church, fully expressed in their platform. This includes not 
only the form and discipline of the New-England churches, 
but also their ideas of the doctrines of Christianity, For they 
declare, in the preface to their book, that they believe and pro- 
fess the same doctrine with the reformed churches in Europe. 
For though it be not one native country that can bring us of 
one mind, nor ought we to have the faith of our Lord Jesus 
Christ with respect of persons; yet as Paul, who was him- 
\ self a jew r , professed to hold forth the doctrine of justification 
oj by faith, and of the resurrection of the dead, according as his 
godly countrymen did, who were jews by nature, so we, who 
are by nature Englishmen, do desire to hold forth the same 
doctrine of religion, which we know 7 to be held by the 
[ r | churches in England, according to the truth of the gospel. 

Having perused the publick confession of faith, agreed 
ie , upon by the Rev. Assembly of Divines of Westminster, and 
4 finding 

* If the dispute were about a contract, and could not be settled by a 
!ei reference, as frequently took place where the council disagreed, people 
jjd went to law with their brethren. But this was not a common case, as 
one would suppose from reading Mr. Hutchinson's remark. Being a mag- 
b istrate, and very eminent, scarcely an instance could escape his observa- 
tion, where there was an interposition of the civil authority ; but very 
many disputes were settled in an ecclesiastical way, which the magistrates 
knew nothing of. 

We certainly think that author, who generally is a correct historian, 
was much mistaken in saying, that the strength of our ecclesiastical con- 
stitution lay in the union with the civil authority. It lay in the general 
respect which the people had for the platform of church discipline. This 
prevented them from litigious disputes, which would have been in most of 
the parishes, if their church affairs had been mingled with the courts of 
a ? justice, however well administered. Some years before the Revolution, 
this was practised in two or three instances ; only in one county, and left 
ire i undecided. 

8 Ecclesiastical History 


finding the sum and substance thereof (in matters of doc-)|£u 
trine) to express, not their judgments only, but ours also; 
and being likewise called upon by our godly magistrates, to 
draw up a publick confession of that faith, which is constantly 
thought and generally professed among us. We thought it 
good to present unto them, and with them all the churches of 
Christ abroad, our professed and hearty assent and attesta- 
tion to the whole confession of faith, which the assembly 
presented to the religious and honourable parliament of 
England. Excepting only some sections in the 25th, 30th, 
and32d chapters of their confession which concern discipline, 
touching which we refer ourselves to the draught of church 
discipline in the ensuing treatise. 

During the government of Cromwell, the churches of New- 
England had peace, and there was no very serious attack upon 
their order and discipline. That evangelick spirit, which 
warmed every bosom with the love of the gospel, prompted 
them also to spread the knowledge of it among the aboriginals 
of the land. The famous John Eliot was then minister of 
the Roxbury plantation, which bordered upon some of the 
Indian tribes, to whom he could have easy access, and he im- 
proved the opportunity to bring them over to the faith of the 
gospel ; and also to give them a taste for civilized and culti- 
vated society. This man possessed zeal, and uncommon tal- 
ents for the service. We admire his ardour and perseverance ; 
and the effect of his mission equalled his various exertions. 
Many have planted, many have watered, but no one ever 
met with more success in this kind of spiritual husbandry. 

His abilities gave him a name among the first divines of the 
country. He was a popular preacher, and yet preferred the 
life of an evangelist, that he might benefit, an unhappy race of 
mortals, who had been excluded from the advantages the rest 
of the world enjoyed. He gained a name, however, superiour 1 
to any literary reputation, and will always be styled the Apos- 
tle to the Indians. He made himself acquainted with their 
language; spent nights as well as days in conversing with! 
them ; he preached and expounded the doctrines of the gos- 
pel to men and women, and gave continual instruction to their 
children.* The prospect was fair of bringing whole tribes 
over from the errour of their ways ; and many worthy men in 


* Vide Life of John Eliot, in vol. viii. of Hist. Coll. 

of Massachusetts. 9 

Europe, as well as in these regions, enjoyed a luxury of pious 
sentiment, and while they rejoiced in the lustre of his minis- 
try, freely imparted their offerings to aid the undertaking. 
Such liberal contributions were made in England, that he 
was enabled to translate the whole bible into the language of 
the Indians, which passed through a second edition, with a 
grammar to assist others, who would become instructors. 
The book is now preserved in many libraries. It serves to 
gratify many, who view it as an object of curiosity ; and it 
may hereafter afford light to those scholars, who search into 
the origin of languages, or compare the various tongues 
which have been used in the various parts of the globe/ 5 * 

It was a great object with Mr. Eliot, general Gookin, and 
such men as felt an interest in this business, to provide the In- 
dians with clothing, and with many conveniences, as well as 
all the necessaries of life. They persuaded them to build a 


* It is not an easy thing to procure an Indian bible at the present day, 
but there are several to be found, to which those may have access, who 
have a desire to know what language was spoken by the former inhabi- 
tants of New-England. Some words of similar sound, and which ought 
to be spelt in the same manner, were in use among the different tribes 
scattered over the American deserts. An Indian could formerly travel to 
an immense distance, and be understood by the several nations whom 
he visited, or would very soon become acquainted with the language 
of other tribes. If we could judge rightly by our observation upon their 
guttural pronunciation and expressive attitudes, we should say, they all 
spoke the same language. It is not so with the European nations, which 
have an exuberant manner of speaking. We see some move their lips, 
others their tongue, and certainly there is a strange variety of oral 
contractions. Some have said, that all the Indians to the south of the 
river St. Lawrence speak the Huron language ; or the Indians, as far as 
Virginia, as a late writer observes ; though it is certain, that a different 
dialect is in every village. Even the five nations, now six, have so much 
difference, that an interpreter must become acquainted with each tribe, 
though they can all speak, as one, among themselves. The French 
priests discover more imagination than judgment, when they say, that the 
Huron language has a common origin with the Greek ; that words of a 
similar sound and signification occur in each. Had they said, that it 
has great energy, elevation, and pathos, and nothing about the origin, 
-hey might have gained more credit. It is said, the Algonquins have a 
tongue smooth and elegant. From the various conjectures of scholars 
and travellers, for nothing else can we call the opinions of those who 
uretend to know and talk it, the radical difference is great. The Hurons 
md Algonquins cannot understand each other more than the Italians and 
36 High Dutch. 

VOL. X. C 

10 Ecclesiastical History 

town. The venerable apostle spent a large part of his time 
in this place, the first Indian town constructed after the Euro- 
pean manner, and here the dwelling of the preacher answered 
several purposes. It wastheir church, their storehouse, and 
school room. The Indians soon became acquainted with 
the Indian language, and some of them were able to preach, 
or to instruct catechumens ; others were made magistrates, 
in consequence of the wise methods agreed upon, and the 
benefit was not confined to the natives. The same measures 
which procured instruction, and established good order among 
them, tended to promote the peace, tranquillity, and advance- 
ment of the true interests of the colony. 

It is natural to compare the attempts of the Spaniards to 
convert the natives of South-America with the most charita- 
ble and successful efforts of our fathers in New-England. 
Their zeal was as great, and perhaps they laboured more. 
Warriours and priests were engaged in the same cause; and 
where they could not persuade, they were ready to drive men 
into the acknowledgment of the religion they propagated. If 
the poor, untutored Indian could have read the pages of the 
divine word, he would have said, — Your Master came into 
the world, not to destroy men's lives, but to save them. He 
might have desired them to preach from these words, If the 
Son of God make you free, you shall be free indeed. A certain 
prince, to whom they made the offer of going to heaven after 
they had deprived him of every earthly blessing, asked them, 
Whether heaven was the place, where the Spaniards went 
after death ? Upon the reply in the affirmative, Then, said he, 
let me go to another place. This was the language of nature ; 
but it may convey instruction to men of thought, observation, 
and experience. Some of their priests were, however, men 
of humanity. They studied and improved every method of 
resisting oppression, and making the circumstances of the In- 
dians easy and happy. But in general the priests, as well as 
the warriours, were cruel. Their bigotry made them so. How 
very different from the fathers of New-Plymouth and Massa- 
chusetts ! When Massasoit was sick at Mount Hope, he was J P 
attended with every mark of kindness, and he found among | ^ 
them the physician, as well as friend. When any of these In- 1 s l Ji 
dians died, it was their desire to go and be 4 with the Eng- I m 
bshman's God.' The spirit of the gospel makes the heart j W 

tender V® 

of Massachusetts. 11 

tender by impressions of humanity, and there is no instance of 
a native being forced into an acknowledgment of Christianity 
by the first planters of these northern regions. The mission- 
aries were humble and meek, seeking not their own things, 
but the good of the poor natives; hence the natives, with all 
their prejudices about them, could not resist the means of 

The next generation of New-England christians were not 
so humane and well disposed towards the Indians, as may 
be learned from the account of that period. But, at present, 
we are to describe the first attempts. 

Among those, who were most earnest for propagating the 
gospel in North America, we must reckon the worthy Dr. 
Lake, bishop of Bath and Wells, who declared, that but for 
his age, he would devote himself to this service. He was 
one of many, in the old country, who assisted the work by 
their prayers and their alms. 

The day-breaking of the gospel * to the aborigines of Mas- 
sachusetts was the^28th of October, A. D. 1646. Mr. Eliot 
had sent- a messenger to the tribes in his neighbourhood, 
acquainting them with his views, and that he should offer to 
them the glad tidings of salvation. This day he met five or 
six of them, with Wauban, a man of sobriety, though not a 
sachem, who had considerable influence with the men of his 
tribe. When the preacher and his companions had made a 
kind of salutation, the Indians introduced them to a large as- 
sembly, who were gathered to hear the new doctrines preach- 
ed. In a very apostolick manner the divine addressed them. 
He began with a prayer to the God of heaven, and then read 
the ten commandments. He gave a short explanation of each, 
and then told them of the bad consequences, which would 
follow the breach of them. He then told them who Jesus 
Christ was; that he was the Saviour of mankind ; that the 
benefits of his mission were not confined to one nation, or to 
people of any particular colour, but offered to all who would 
receive them ; that he died for the sons of men, that he had 
gone into heaven, and would appear again to take with him 
his friends and followers, and to punish the disobedient. He 
spake to them of the creation of the world, and the fall of 
man. He described the joys of heaven, and the torments of 
hell, testifying repentance towards God, and faith in our lord 
Jesus Christ. Perhaps 

* See a pamphlet with this title, quoted by Mr. Neal. 

12 Ecclesiastical History 

Perhaps no hour, since the primitive age of the church, 
was spent in a more edifying and evangelical manner. When 
the preacher had done speaking to them in the form of a dis- 
course, he asked them questions, and desired them freely to 
propose their questions to himself. Upon which one stood 
up and said, How am I to know Jesus Christ? Another 
asked, Whether Englishmen were ever so ignorant of Jesus 
Christ as themselves? A third, Whether Jesus Christ could 
understand prayers which were made in the Indian lan- 
guage ? 

A curious question one proposed, which may have arisen 
from the preacher's discourse, How there could be an image 
of God? Another asked this ; If the father be wicked, and 
the child good, will God be offended with this child ? 
Doubtless these things arose from the expressions of the 
second commandment. 

The last question proposed at this meeting was, How all 
the world could become full of people, if they were all once 
drowned in the flood ? 

After this conference, which lasted more than three hours, 
Mr. Eliot and his friend returned to Roxbury. The distance 
of this town from the place of meeting is about ten or twelve 

Upon the 11th of November they gave the Indians another 
meeting, and then discussed several things of a religious na- 
ture. Some of the questions were in the form of a catechism, 
and discovered how much they knew of the truths delivered 
at a former meeting.* 

On the 26th of the same month they met the Indians a third 
time, but the assembly was not so large as formerly, owing to 


* See a particular account of this conference in the biographical me- 
moirs of John Eliot, Hist. Collec. vol. viii., and in the history of New- 
ton, vol. vi. The books from which they are taken are scarce, and 
some of them not to be obtained, such as Day-breaking of the Gos- 
pel, &c, and The clear Sunshine of the Gospel upon the Indians; also 
Whitfield's Discovery of the present State of the Indians, pr. London, 
1651 ; Manifestation of the further Progress of the Gospel in New-Eng- 
land. Mr. Neal had free access to these writings; but no library in 
America now contains them. Perhaps the substance of them is contained 
in his History of New-England, and in the Magnalia ; they may, however, 
contain valuable information to us at the present day, which Neal and 
Mather may have passed by. It would be a gratification to the curious to 
have the books in their possession. 

of Massachusetts. 13 

the influence of their powaws, a certain kind of priests among 
a them, who were jealous of their own authority, and doubtless 
felt attached to the customs and superstitions of their ances- 
tors. Those who attended the sermon of Mr. Eliot were very 
serious, and being moved by his manner of speaking and zeal 
r to serve them, not only received his lessons concerning the 
christian faith, but his exhortations to change their modes of 
life. Wampas, a man of wisdom and note, came to Mr. E. 
bringing several companions, and his son also, to be instruct- 
ed, and this was a sufficient foundation to establish a school. 
The general court gave land for a town, where the Indian 
: e | converts met together. They called the place Noonetomen, 
which is their term for rejoicing. That they formed some- 
thing like a state of civil society may be seen from their lives 
and ordinances, which would not discredit a more cultivated 
and civilized people.* 

The following order was made by the Massachusetts legis- 
« j lature, dated May 26, 1647 : 

" Upon information that the Indians, dwelling among us, 
■s, i are by the ministry of the word brought to some civility, and 
8| are desirous to have a court of ordinary judicature set up 
ie| among them ; it is therefore ordered by the authority of this 
court, that one or more of the magistrates shall, once every 
quarter, keep a court, where the Indians ordinarily assemble 
to hear the word of God, to hear and determine all causes both 
civil and criminal, not being capital, concerning the Indians 
only; and that the Indian sachems shall have liberty to take 
orders, in the nature of summons and attachments, to bring 
any of their people to the said courts, and to keep a court of 
themselves every month, if they see occasion, to determine all 
causes of a civil nature, and such smaller criminal causes, 
as the said magistrates shall refer unto them : And the said 
sachems shall appoint officers to serve warrants, and to execute 
the judgments or warrants of either of the said courts, which 
officers shall be allowed from time to time by the said magis- 
trates in the quarter courts, or by the governour. And that 
all fines, to be imposed upon any Indian in any of the said 
courts, shall go and be bestowed towards building some 
meetinghouses for the education of their poorer children in 
learning, or other publick use, by the advice of the said mag- 
* Biographical Memoirs, Hist. Coll. vol. viii. 

14 Ecclesiastical History 

istrates, and of Mr. Eliot, or of such other elder as shall ordi- 
narily instruct them in the true religion. And it is the desire 
of this court, that these magistrates and Mr. Eliot, or such 
other elders as shall attend the meeting of said courts, will 
carefully endeavour to make the Indians understand our most 
useful laws, and the principles of reason, justice, and equity, 
whereon they are grounded, and it is desired that some care lam 
may be taken of the Indians on the Lord's day." Jim 

While things were so conducted in one part of the country, pel 
other Indians also desired to be instructed in the christian [led 
faith. In the month of February several sachems met near p 
the place, which our fathers named Concord, and begged the|if 
government to form a town, and bring them into a like relig- 
ious community.* 

They agreed to set aside their old ceremonies ; to pray ingio 
their wigwams ; and to say grace before meat, and after they 
had done eating. A similar code of laws was also made for 
them as for those at Nanitomen. 

Beside the labours of Mr. Eliot, the Indians were favour- 
ed with other instruction. The Rev. Mr. Wilson of Boston, 
Mr. Allyn of Dedham, Mr. Shepard of Cambridge, and Mr. 
Dunster, late president of Harvard College, held a confer- 
ence with these new converts the 3d day of March, 1647. 

The ministers desired the Indian women, if they had any 
difficulties with regard to the christian religion, to propose 
them, either by acquainting their husbands or the interpreter 
privately with them. Accordingly one asked, whether she 
prayed, if she only joined with her husband in his prayer? — 
Another, if her husband's prayer signified any thing, if he 
continued to be angry with her, and beat her? At this and 
every meeting, the English made presents, especially of 
clothing, so that they appeared decently dressed, men, wo- 
men, and children, on future occasions. 

Mr. Eliot also went to other places, feeling a strong desire 
to raise the natives from the degraded state, to which they 
were reduced. Like other apostles, he was in journeyings oft, 
in perils of water, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, 
in perils in the wilderness. In a letter to one of his friends, 
after mentioning how much he had to go through, he says, "he 


f They proposed the side of Bear swamp, or the east side of the pond, 
since called Flint's pond. 

of Massachusetts. 15 

was not to be discouraged." And indeed opposition only re- 
newed his ardour. An Indian sachem once threatened to put 
him to death. He told him, he dared not do it. His own 
courage was of admirable use to him ; for the way to manage 
Indians is to let them know, you are not afraid of them. 
They also were afraid of offending the English government ; 
and they fully believed, that he had some connection with the 
invisible world, as their own powwaws, or priests, had in their 
deluded imaginations. His usual reply was, when they insult- 
ed him, that he did not fear them, because he was under the 
protection of the God of heaven. The celebrated Philip, king 
of the Wompanaoges, treated him with scorn, yet dared not 
injure him. He took hold of his button, saying, he cared no 
more for tJie gospel, than for that button* A sachem of less 
note, though not less fierce, Cutshamoquin, one time in his 
resentment against the English protested against the build- 
ing of a town. This man afterwards became a Christian. 
When Uncas, sachem of the Mohegans, heard what was do- 
ing in Massachusetts, he went to Hartford, and declared, the 
gospel should not be preached among them. Yet the num- 
ber of praying Indians, as they were called, amounted to thou- 
sands. They were scattered through the settlements in Mas- 
sachusetts and New-Plymouth, and that part of Rhode-Island, 
where Roger Williamsf resided, called the Providence Plan- 

* Neal. 

f Rocer Williams came over to New-England A. D. 1630. He was 
hen a young man, very respectable as a preacher, but singular in his 
Dpinions, which he was disposed to propagate upon all occasions. Hence 
tie disgusted the inhabitants of Boston, and provoked the magistrates. 
Por he would not join with any of the churches, except they would say, 
>hat they repented " having communed with the churches of England 
hile they tarried there." He said also, that " Magistrates could not 
ounish the breaches of the first table;" which was a direct censure upon 
.he government of New-England, for they had made severe penalties 
against breaking the sabbath. 

From Boston he went to Plymouth, were he resided two years, teachi- 
ng the things contained in the New Testament ; and also speaking 
his own opinions upon other matters, without giving offence : for the 
irst settlers of the Old Colony were virulent in their opposition to 
Episcopacy. Some of them had been Brownists, and they were all of 
hem peculiar in their notions of religious freedom, and the power of the 

He was, however, unwilling to remain among this people, and went 

1 6 Ecclesiastical History 

talions. His services can never be forgotten. He did much 
to tame the savage spirit of the Indians. He had an influence, 
where Mr. Eliot never could have acquired it. But he did 
not succeed in serving their spiritual interest, though he did 


to Salem while Mr. Skelton was living, in whose pulpit he prophesied, 
according to the language of the times, when a man preached who had 
not been inducted into the office of pastor or teacher. 

From the early history of this country we learn, that the people who 
came over with Endicott, and set down at Salem, were more rigid sep- 
aratists, than those who came in the Arabella with governour Winthrop, 
and, in their views of church government, were jealous of every thing 
which encouraged priestly power. As an instance of particular jealousy 
of Presbyterian associations, the conduct of Mr. Skelton and R. Williams 
is recorded in Winthrop's Journal. It seems, that the ministers of the 
Bay, including Saugus, or Lynn, as it is now called, met once a fortnight 
at each other's houses, where some question was debated : at which these 
gentlemen took exception, " as fearing it would grow into a presbytery, 
or superintendency, to the prejudice of the church liberties." But this 
fear was without foundation, as the journalist well observes, because they 
were all clear in this point, that no church or person can have power 
over another church, neither did they in their meetings exercise any 

As soon as Mr. Skelton died, the people of Salem fixed upon Mr. 
Williams to be their pastor. He certainly was a man of admirable good 
sense, and his pulpit talents were among the very first. But it was a 
matter of grief and surprise to the magistrates, that the Salem church 
should proceed in this election, without advising with the council about 
it: and the court wrote to Mr. Endicott to prevent it, or to delay till they 
discussed the business. 

They proceeded, however, in their own method. Either they did not 
think the magistrates impartial, or they might suppose the ministers of 
the Bay had an influence, which the inhabitants of Salem were not 
obliged to exercise over their church. A reconciliation with the govern- 
ment had taken place, why then should they interfere to embarrass their 
proceedings? The fact was, a new ground of offence was taken. The 
subject was of a private nature, and yet made publick. Mr. Williams 
had written a book, when he was at Plymouth, which contained reflections 
upon the government of Massachusetts. This was never published ; but, 
while he was there, he read certain parts of it to particular friends. He 
was called upon to show this copy, by the government, after he again 
resided in Massachusetts. He acknowledged writing the same, and 
confessed his fault ; but in some measure to exculpate himself, said, that 
he wrote it at the request of individuals, and that he never had any design 
of publishing it. 

None doubted, nor do any even at this day, but that he was sincere.] 
Yet he again discovered the eccentricities of his temper. We find him 
very soon accused of breaking his promise, as he preached against the 

of Massachusetts. 17 

much good ; and prevented those evils, which would have 
hurried on their more immediate ruin. Several considerations 
will account for his being less successful in converting them, 
than Mr. Eliot, Mr. Mayhew, and others, who formed 


patent, for which he was ordered to appear before the next court. 
When he appeared, the other charges were brought against him ; indeed, 
all the complaints were summed up in four charges, which were specified 
before the General Court, which met in the month of September, 1635 * 
The opinions held and propagated by Mr. Williams were declared to be 
erroneous; and the sentence pronounced against him involved the so- 
ciety with which he was connected. They were required to give 
satisfaction, and he was allowed time to reflect upon the subject, till 
the next session. The advice of the ministers was asked upon this 
occasion, which they were equally ready to give ; and it was plainly this : 
All who imbibe such opinions ought to be removed; according to the 
principles of Roger Williams the churches might run into heresy, apostacy 
and tyranny ; defy the civil magistrate to interfere with any authority ; and 
introduce confusion and every evil work into society. 

What effect the sentence of the court, or the opinion of his brethren 
ihad upon him, appears from his conduct immediately upon receiving 
he accounts of the censure upon himself and people. Being sick, he 
was unable to meet with his ch'Jrch, and speak on the occasion, but he 
wrote to them a protestation, that "he would not communicate with the 
churches in the Bay ; neither would he communicate with the peo- 
ple of his own church, except they would first refuse communication with 
he rest." 

Upon some occasions he had seemed like "the wave which is tossed," 
jut here he resembled the rock, unmoved by the billows striking 
tgainst it. His church were very much grieved at his conduct. 
They were very fond of their minister, but well knew that a separation 
nust take place, if he were so fixed in his resolution ; and which took 
lace soon after this pointed address. We learn from governour Win- 
rtrop, that when the court met, he was ordered to appear before them, 
nd " the other ministers in the Bay being desired to be present, he 
;as charged with those two letters ; that to the churches, complaining of 
he magistrates for injustice, extreme oppression, &,c. and the other to 
is own church, to persuade them to renounce communion with all the 

;> hurches in the Bay, as full of antichristian pollution, &c. He justified 
oth these letters, and maintained all his opinions, and being offered 
jrther conference, or disputation, and a month's respite, he chose to 
ispute presently ; so Mr. Hooker was chosen to dispute with him, 
ut could not reduce him from any of his errours ; the next morn- 
]g the court ordered him to depart 'out of its jurisdiction in six weeks; 
1 the ministers, save one, approving of the sentence ; and his own 

:e lurch also had him under question for the same cause, who openly 

* Vide Hist. Col. vol. ix. 
vol. x. D 

18 Ecclesiastical History 

churches in the American wilderness. He was much discour- 
aged, not only by want of a lawful warrant, " or an immediate j 
commission to be an Apostle to them, but the insuperable j 
difficulty of preaching Christianity to them in their own Ian- 
guage with any propriety, without inspiration." * 


disclaimed his errours, and wrote an humble submission to the magistrates, 
acknowledging their fault in joining with Mr. Williams in that letter to the 
churches against them," &c. 

Hugh Peters, of famous memory, was appointed his successor. It 
seems, however, that some of his opinions prevailed among the members 
of this ancient church. They were so bigotted, especially against Episco- 
palians, as led to a controversy, and to a number of questions, which were j 
answered by the elders of other churches. 

The magistrates agreed to send Mr. Williams to England by a ship 
ready to depart, though liberty had been given him to remain till the 
spring. The reason of such a determination was, that he used to en- j 
tertain people at his house, and preach to them upon the very points, 
which had brought him into difficulty ; and he had persuaded about 
twenty persons to be of his opinion. These men had agreed to make 
a settlement in Narraganset bay, where they might live in peace, and 
yet have influence over the other settlements. When they went to 
take him, they found he had left the place, and they could make no 
conjecture where he was. It appeared afterwards that he went to Se- 
cunke, since called Rehoboth, where he procured a grant of lands from 
the chief sachem of those parts. This place was said to be within the 
jurisdiction of New Plymouth. Hence he expected further trouble, and 
resolved to remove. It is said, he used words like these; "A bull of 
excommunication follows me wherever I go." 

He then fixed upon a place, called by the natives Mooshausick, which 
he named Providence, from a sense of the divine care and protection, 
when all worldly prospects had faded away, and most of his friends had 
forsaken him. There were some, who adhered to him amidst the winter's 
storm, and gloominess of the forest, having followed him to the spot, when 
he chose his habitation. 

The banishment of Mr. Williams was in the winter of 1635, and, by 
a very strange concurrence of events, this very man, in the year 1637, 
was employed by the government of Massachusetts to be their agent 
in the business they transacted with the Indian tribes. Some time be- 
fore, we find a correspondence opened between him and governour 
Winthrop. But, this year, he was employed by the magistrates of the 
colony to make a league, offensive and defensive, with the Narragan- 
sets. In all these concerns he acted with wisdom, disinterestednesSj 
and fidelity. 

The correspondence began with a letter from Mr. Williams to the} 
governour in behalf of the Indian sachems, who had not been concern-! 

* Calender's Discourse. 

of Massachusetts. 19 

He had a worse opinion of their character, than the other 
missionaries, and perhaps he had a worse people to deal with. 
The Massachusetts Indians had been distressed before the 
English came among them. Adversity will bend the soul of a 


ed in the murder of captain Oldham ; and from this they proceeded to 
discuss other subjects, till a treaty was finished to the satisfaction of all 

The Indian sachems express their gratitude for the kindness and ser- 
vices he had done for them with their friends of Massachusetts; and 
his former associates, who never willingly renounced him, felt their former 
friendship revive. They always respected the virtue of the man, his abil- 
ities, and integrity ; as much as they disliked his bigotry, his singularity, 
and pride. 

From this time we are to view Mr. Williams as a very different char- 
acter, from what he was, when teacher of a particular congregation in 
Salem ; or would have been, had he continued in Massachusetts among 
the pastors of the churches. His sphere of usefulness was very exten- 
sive, and, where religious opinions had no influence, he conducted 
wisely, and beyond what could be expected from a man, who had 
shown such strange prejudices, and whose education gave him but little 
knowledge of the world. We are to view him, as the father of one of 
the provinces, and a writer in favour of civil and religious freedom, 
more bold, and just, and liberal, than any other, who appeared in that 

Many would smile at seeing the name of Roger Williams enrolled 
with the legislators of ancient times, or with the statesmen of modern 
Europe, or with such a man as Penn, the proprietor of Pennsylvania, 
whose steps were more majestick upon the theatre of the great world. 
But this man was equal to conducting the affairs of this infant colony 
as well, as if a complete system of legislation was formed : and, as a 
mediator between the aboriginals and the English inhabitants, if he 
were the instrument of preserving peace, of teaching the Indians some 
of the arts of life, and of illuminating the minds of the heathen with the 
light of Christianity, he is certainly worthy of more credit, than some 
i mighty hunters of the earth, or those sages, whose maxims have made men 
fierce and revengeful, and caused human blood to flow in streams. 

Mr. Callender calls Mr. Williams " one of the most disinterested 
men that ever lived, a most pious and heavenly soul." Dr. Mather 
describes him to be a windmill, whose rapid motion set the churches 
on fire. 

As a head of a religious sect, or as an opposer of all the religious 
sects then professing the religion of Christ in New-England, he is now 
censured or applauded by persons, who differ in their sentiments upon 
the discipline of the churches, or the effects of publick worship on the 
social character of a people. But, leaving this consideration till we re- 
view his writings, let us attend to those publick concerns, in which his 
local situation, his active and benevolent turn of mind, or his love of 

20 Ecclesiastical History 

savage. Mr. Williams describes the tribes with whom he 
dwelt, as worse than any other of that degraded species of hu- 
man beings ; or it may be said that he considered all as equal- 
ly immoral, wretched, and brutal. " The distinction," says 


fame, might stimulate him to exertion. And here we may discover some 
political wisdom with his moral worth. 

He was very instrumental in settling Rhode-Island, or procuring the 
grant of land, which Mr. Coddington and others had- chosen for their 
plantation, when they left Boston. The historian of that colony has 
favoured us with a MS. of his, which he says is in perpeiuam rei 

" It was not price and rnnney, that could have purchased Rhode- 
Island, but was obtained by love, that love and favour, which that hon- 
oured gentleman, Sir H. Vane, and myself, had with the great sachem, 
JMiantiuomo, about the league, which I procured between the Massa- 
chusetts English and the Narragansetts in the Pequot war. This I 
mention, as the truly noble Sir H. Vane had been so great an instru- 
ment in the hand of God for procuring this island from the barbarians, 
as also for procuring and confirming the charter, that it may be recorded 
with all thankfulness," &c. 

If any land was ever fairly purchased of the natives, it was Rhode- 
Island. Mr. Williams not only satisfied the Narraganset Indians, but 
also the Wompanaogs, who had once possessed these lands, but which 
had been taken from them by the superiour force of the other tribe, 
more numerous, though not more warlike. He thought it good policy 
to make them gratuities to prevent any dispute in future. Surely that 
money is well spent, which prevents evil, and serves the cause of 

In 1643 Mr. Williams went to England as agent, and it was there, 
by the assistance of Vane, he obtained " A Charter of Civil Incnrpora-h 
tion by Name of Providence Plantations in the Narraganset Bay of New- 
England" It was dated 7th of March ; which form of government 
subsisted till 1651. Then upon differences, they sent their former 
agent, and joined Mr. Clarke with him, who transacted the business to 
the advantage of the colony, and the satisfaction of a large majority of 
the people. 

The Narraganset Indians were disposed to keep peace with the 
people of this plantation, but there was a time when they were ready to 
make war upon the people of Massachusetts. They meant to do this 
suddenly, and would have done much mischief, had not Mr. Williams 
given early information, for which Mr. Hutchinson gives him great 
credit, with whom he is no great favourite. For this gentleman, what- 
ever may have been his political errours, was a strenuous friend to the \\ 
order and discipline of the New-England churches. He might also dis- 
like the freedom of Mr. Williams' sentiments upon civil affairs, as 
well as religious institutions. He tells us, however, that he was much 
esteemed in England ; and quotes a letter to the governour of Massa- 

of Massachusetts. 21 

he, " between sober and drunken sachems, is both lamentable 
and ridiculous ; lamentable, that all Pagans are given to drunk- 
enness ; and ridiculous, that those (of whom he is speaking) 
are excepted. It is notoriously known, what consciences all 


chusetts from very respectable characters, noblemen, and others, in which 
they declare his "good affections and conscience;" " his great industry 
and travels," and in which they advise the good people of Massachusetts 
to receive him in all good fellowship. He remarks upon this letter, that 
it produced a readiness to all offices of christian love and correspondence, 
but unless he could be brought to lay down his dangerous principles of 
separation, they saw no reason why they should concede to him, or any so 
persuaded, free liberty of ingress and egress, lest the people should be 
drawn away by erroneous opinions. 

Roger Williams lived to a great age. He died 1682, forty-eight years 
after his banishment. The various scenes of his life did not make Bim 
alter his sentiments on religious freedom; and his latitudinarian principles 
had no ill effect in plantations, where there was no church rule or author- 
ity. But had they been introduced into Massachusetts, the propagation of 
them would have disturbed the peace of the community, somewhat like 
certain ideas on the rights of mm, which being suddenly diffused, allow- 
ing them to be plausible in theory, have caused great civil commotions, 
and marred the beauty of society. 

The first of Mr. Williams' publications was a dialogue between Truth 
Uand Peace, a book of 247 pages, printed in London, 1644. 

It required great boldness of thinking, and uncommon abilities, to 

utjwrite this work. Here are disclosed sentiments which have been ad- 

oflmired in the writings of Milton and Furneaux. His ideas of toleration 

Ihe carried further than Mr. Locke, but not beyond the generality of 

-i Idissenters in England. The book was answered by Mr. Cotton, whose 

''fr|zeal and knowledge would give him a name among christian worthies 

^•!in any age of the church, and who was the most distinguished of the 

^tjclergy in Massachusetts. But so far from supposing himself confuted, 

^rlMr. Williams replied with great spirit and argument, which reply has 

o been since published, together with Mr. Cotton's attack upon him, 

of which he called the Bloody Tenent, washed in the blood of the Lamb, in 

allusion to the first writing of Mr. Williams, which he styled The Bloody 

i\Tenent, or Dialogue between Truth and Peace, meaning that the idea of 

o l ke interference of the magistracy, in matters of religion, is a bloody 


After writing this treatise the conduct of Mr. Williams was strange ; 
hough it did not necessarily flow from the sentiment he had discussed, 
Dut was owing perhaps to the singularity of his temper or an oddity to 
which his solitary condition contributed ; which is a lesson to us all not 
;-jo banish ourselves from society, lest the heart grow cold, and condense a 
55 mass of vapours in the imagination. This man now conceived, that there 
.3 must be new apostles; that Christianity had been corrupted and defaced; 
hat there was need of a special commission to restore the modes of posi- 


22 Ecclesiastical History 

Pagans make of lying, stealing, whoring, murdering, &c." 
Mr. Callender, to whom we are indebted for this extract, 
makes some judicious remarks concerning the morals and 
worship of the Indians. ' Their faith was much like other 


tive worship, according to the original institution. Several of our histo- 
rians call Mr. R. Williams a Baptist, and say that he founded the first 
Bnptist church in the country. Mr. Callender denies this upon better 
grounds than they assert it. He says Mr. Williams never joined with the 
Baptist church there ; only that he allowed them to be nearer the rule of 
the primitive church. 

The latter days of Mr. Williams were disturbed by other sources of 
contention, than he had ever experienced. It would be strange if a man 
of his cast should live to old age, and have his sun set clear, or the 
evening gilded with tranquillity. 

He was called to similar trials, and had to exercise the same patience, 
and discovered the same irritability, when the order of his little com- 
munity was disturbed by the Quakers ; as the fathers of Massachusetts 
manifested when he first set his face against their proceedings. Many 
who dwelt in Rhode-Island, and the Providence-Plantations, joined these 
new lights of the christian commonwealth. Mr. Williams opposed the 
increase of their numbers every way he could, being disgusted with their 
doctrines, and their behaviour. George Fox had several publick disputes 
with him, of which each gives the account, as different as the light of 
truth, and shades of errour. They wrote against each other, and their 
language is the extreme of vulgarity and abuse. They call the rudest 
names, such as we hear only from men who rake in the dirt, and appear 
to despise every thing which looks like courtesy of manners, or the 
charity of the gospel. 

The titles of their books of controversy are as follows:..." George Fox, 
digged out of his burrows, fyc. by Roger Williams." . The answer..." A 
New-England Jirc-brand quenched, being an answer to a lying, slanderous 
book, &c. by one Roger Williams, confuting his blasphemous assertions, 
by George Fox and John Burnyeat." These controversial pieces were 
printed about the years 1676 — 1678, and the contents of a large volume 
are similar to the title pages. 

Many tracts are ascribed to Mr. Williams as a writer. He wrote 
letters to individuals of his acquaintance, and to gentlemen in office, 
which are among the most valuable antiquarian stores ; some of them 
very curious and rare. In a letter to major Mason, which is preserv- 
ed in the first volume of the Historical Collections, he gives a particular 
account of the friendship of governour Winthrop, when he was "un- 
kindly and unchristianly " driven from Salem; and shows a grateful 
remembrance of the kindness he received from governour Bradford, 
and other of his "godly" council. It pleased the Father of mercies 
to touch many hearts, said he, dear to him with many relentings, 
amongst which that great and pious soul, Mr. Winslow, melted, and 

of Massachusetts. 23 

tribes. They believed in one great and good God, who lived 
somewhere at a great distance in the south-west, and that the 
spirits of good men do reside with him. But the government 
of the world is left in the hands of an evil being, to whom they 
paid their worship. They had also their festivals, called Ni- 
cemmores, which Mr. Williams calls devilish feasts. 

That the Indians were among the least improved of any of 
the human species will be readily granted. They had little 
or no knowledge of any of the arts of life. Their laziness and 
love of strong drink have prevented them from making any 
progress in civilization ; especially as they have an aversion 
to agriculture. The success of the Massachusetts ministers 
is therefore more the subject of wonder. But, while we ad- 
mire the zeal of Mr. Eliot, and the prudence as well as dili- 
gence of all who assisted him in his evangelick labours, we 
must allow a great deal for the support, they had from the 
civil authority.- Had not the general court of Massachusetts 
been as piously disposed, and made the like exertions, the 
ungrateful soil would never have yielded so rich a harvest. 


kindly visited me at Providence, and put a piece of gold into the hands of 
my wife, for a supply. 

In this letter he also sends a challenge to the sages of the several 
colonies, and offers to dispute publickly at Boston, Hartford, and Ply- 
mouth, against all forced worship ; affirming that it denies Christ Jesus 
yet to come, and makes the church yet national, figurative, and cere- 
monial. He also declares there is no express precept for keeping the 
I Sabbath, or for infant baptism; and says this depends upon the church's 

It is a desirable object to collect the MSS. of Mr. Williams. He men- 
tions receiving scores of letters from his excellent friend, governour 
[Winthrop. Doubtless there are many letters of his writing, as well as his 
jcorrespondents, which would be accounted precious by those who desire 
to know the history of their own country. 

The people of Providence have discovered more than common attach- 
ment to this father of their city and plantation. For several generations 
it was their practice to carry all strangers to the spot where he fixed his 
habitation, and to drink from the spring which run before his door. The 
present generation still manifest a fondness for his name, having called 
one of their banks the Roger Williams Bank. 

A most valuable book was published by the subject of this memoir, 
iupon the language of sauvage America. It is called a Key to the 
language of the Indians of Neiv-England. It was printed in 1643, a 
jsmall duodecimo. The original is in the library of the Historical So- 
ciety ; and most of the contents have been published in their Collections. 

24 Ecclesiastical History 

From this view of the Indian tribes during a period, when \ 
there was a more probable and lively hope of their conversion 
than has been indulged since, we may turn our attention to! 
the state of religion in our Congregational Churches, which J 
enjoyed rest, and were at peace among themselves, till new 
causes of dissension arose, and another synod assembled. 
During the government of the commonwealth in England, and 
the usurpation of Cromwell, their old enemies, the friends of 
Episcopacy, had no power to vex them. Even the Presby- 
terians had lost their influence. Every thing served for a 
cause of triumph to the Independents. 

The Independent divines of Great-Britain were warm f 
friends to New-England, though they did not all of them ap- 
prove our platform of church discipline. There was how- 
ever such a relation to each other, that, among foreign writers, 
and many English authors, they have been supposed to be the 
same body of christians, and ranked among Independents. 
But this name they never would suffer to be fixed upon them. 
The churches of New-England are nominally and professed- 
ly Congregational, says one who wrote in their defence, and 
they " abhor those principles of Independency, which would 
prevent them from giving an account of themselves, or their 
matters, to their brethren of neighbouring societies, regularly 
demanding it of them." 

They had their opinion, that this form of church govern- 
ment was pointed out in the scriptures, and as firmly fixed, 
as the Presbyterians, the Lutherans, or the members of the 
Church of England. They had something, which bordered 
on a national establishment, if we may compare the inhabi- 
tants of this country to a nation, who were, indeed, more like 
sheep scattered in the wilderness. There certainly was some 
alliance between church and state during that period of our 
history, which we are narrating, as is evident from facts. 

In the year 1651 the civil authority showed what influence 
it had over the churches in Massachusetts, by interfering in 
an affair, which the present age views as purely ecclesiastical. 
This agreed with the opinion of Hubbard, Norton, and other 
great divines, who expressed the opinion of the times in which 
they lived, that the power of the civil ruler is custos tabulce 
utriusque. The church of Maiden made choice of one to be 
their minister, without consulting the neighbouring churches, 



of Massachusetts, 25 

was considered as a spiritual misdemeanour, a high offence 
against church and state. The general court at their next 
session took up the matter, and fined all who were actors in 
this business. We do not learn what opinion the ministers 
in the neighbourhood of Maiden had, nor is mention made of 
any ecclesiastical censure. It was first taken up by the civil 
authority, who gavejudgment, and fixed the penalty. In con- 
sequence of which the people of Maiden rescinded their act, 
humbled themselves before the publick, and had their fine re- 
mitted. Mr. Hubbard says the people of Maiden themselves 
came to see, and also were willing to acknowledge their mis- 
carriage ; and thereby gave occasion to others to acknowledge 
the power of the civil authority in matters of religion, as well 
as in the affairs of righteousness and honesty, according to 
the judgment of all sober divines. 

For the prevention of the like latitudinarian sentiments and 
practices in the country, it was soon after made into an order 
by the general court, that no minister should be called into 
Dffice in any of the churches within their jurisdiction, with- 
DUt the approbation and allowance of some of the magistrates, 
[is well as some of the neighbouring churches. 

Upon the same ground the civil authority again interfered 
A. D. 1653. The church, at North Boston, the second that 
>vas built in the town, and thirtieth in the plantation, pro- 
eeded to choose Mr. Powel, a man of sense and good char- 
icter, but who had not a learned education, to be their pastor. 
The civil authority forbid the connection. They would not 
uffer a gifted, but illiterate brother to be a publick teacher, 
est occasion should be given to introduce such more gener- 
lly, if allowed in a particular instance. If such persons 
isplay considerable natural talents, are they able to instruct 
le sober-minded, and convince gainsayers ? " If they in- 
rude themselves into the sacred function, there is danger of 
ringing the profession into contempt." 

A writer of a narrative ought not to give his own opinion, 
or be any w 7 ays biassed by party spirit. It is his province 
nly to mention facts. The fathers of this country were so 
luch afraid of ill consequences, that they did not permit even 
le pastors of the churches to guide this business. They 
/ere jealous lest some, more pious than judicious, would assist 
|i ordaining illiterate men, of peculiar gifts, whom they might 
vol.x. e suppose 


26 Ecclesiastical History 

suppose earnest in propagating divine truth. The objection 
to Mr. Powel was not that he was a layman, but that he 
was wanting in learning ; and the people contented them-j 
selves with choosing him their ruling elder, as they could 
not have him for their pastor.* The! 

* It is Johnson who calls the second church in Boston, the thirtieth 
the church in Plymouth not included. Mr. Higginson's church in Salem 
is the first in order ; the second, the church in Charlestovvn, Mr. Wilson 
3d. Dorchester, Mr. Maverick; 4th. Boston, Mr. Wilson; 5th. Roxbury 
Mr. Eliot; 6th. Lynne, Mr. Bachelor; 7th. Watertown, Mr. Phillips 
These seven churches kept a day of thanksgiving for the mercies granted 
to the country, 16th of October, 1633. 

This same year a church was gathered in Newton, afterwards called 
Cambridge, when it became the seat of the muses. 

In 1634, there was a church gathered in Ipswich, their first minister 
was Mr. Ward, the ingenious author of the Simple Cobbler of Agawam 
The church at Newbury also, Mr. Parker and Noyes ministers, 1634 or 5. 
In 1636, Hartford, Messrs. Hooker and Stone; Concord, Mr. Buckley; 
Hingham, Mr. Hobart; Duxboro', Mr. Partridge; Newhaven, Mr. Daven 
port in 1637 ; also Dedham, Mr. Allen ; Weymouth, Mr. Thacher ; Row 
ley - t Mr. Rogers. From 1636 to 1642, Hampton, Mr. Daulton ; Salisbury 
Mr. Worcester; Sudbury, Mr. Brown; Braintree, Mr. Thomson; Glou 
cester, Mr Blinman ; Woburn, Mr. Carter. 

From 1642 to 1648, Reading, Mr. Green; Wenham, Mr. Fiske ; 
Haverhill, Mr. Ward; Springfield, the twenty-seventh church, Mr. Moxon 
Maiden, Mr. Sargent; Andover, Mr. Woodbridge ; Boston, 2d church 
The first sermon preached in it, was by Samuel Mather, son of Richard 
Mather of Dorchester, and elder brother of the famous Dr. Increase 
Mather, who was the minister of the church from 1662. 

Dr. Cotton Mather tells us, that the gathering of ihe 2d church in m 
Boston, was very much against the interest of Mr. Cotton, his worthy 
grandfather, but his name was John, and he reckoned his joy fulfilled in 
this, that in his own decrease, the interest of Christ would increase , 
and therefore with exemplary self-denial, he set himself to encourage the 
foundation of this church. And that it pleased the Lord so to order it 
that his self-denial should turn out to some account, in the opportunities 
which that very church had given to his children to glorify the Lord Jesuj 
Christ in the conduct of it. His son-in-law for more than thrice ten years 
and his grandson for more than twice seven years, being the minister oi 
the gospel in that very church, accommodated with happy opportunities tc 
serve their generation. 

In Dorchester burial ground the epitaph upon Mr. Mather the minister 
shews the poetry and taste of that day, and also that others had the like 
opinion of them that they had of themselves — 

Under this stone lies Richard Mather, 
Who had a son greater than the father, 
And eke a grandson greater than either. 

The elder son, Samuel, is not alluded to in this epitaph, only Dr. In 
crease, and the author of the Magnalia. But Mr. S. Mather was as con 


of Massachusetts. 27 

The conduct of the Massachusetts planters was conform- 
able to the practice of the reformed churches in Europe. It 
was their earnest endeavour to prevent illiterate men from 
holding ecclesiastical offices ; or rather the office of pastor, 


spicuous in the old country, as any of the family in this. He was one of 
the chaplains in Magdalen college, Oxford : after that, a senior fellow of 

111 Trinity college, Dublin, and pastor of a church in that city, where he 
died. A biographical sketch of the man, which is compressed from a 
very considerable surface of the Magnalia, may be agreeable to some 

-■ readers. 

He graduated at Harvard college the second year after the admission 
of the alumni to degrees. He was the first who ever held the office 

H of fellow, which then was the same as instructor or tutor. He was 
invited to settle at Rowley and North Boston. When he preached his 
first sermon to this people, they had their eyes upon him to be their pas- 

"J tor, and Mr. Cotton said, " that such a sermon, from so young a man as 
this, is a matter of much more satisfaction, than such an one from an 
elder man, for this young man is spes gregis. He continued with this 
people the ensuing winter ; but he had a desire to visit England before 
he fixed the place of his habitation ; and he left his native country in 
1650, with an expectation of soon returning. The Right Hon. Thomas 
Andrews esq. was then lord mayor of London, and took such notice of 
}ur young American preacher, as to make him his chaplain ; hence he 
jecame acquainted with the most eminent men and eminent ministers in 
he kingdom. 

Mr. Mather was invited to settle in many places as a Congregational 
minister, but he preferred a collegiate life. He retired to Oxford, having 
proceeded to the degree of master of arts in both universities. When 
he English commissioners went into Scotland, it was their object to select 
some of the most accomplished divines to accompany them. Mr. M. was 
Dne of the persons chosen for that service, and he continued preaching 
he gospel at Leigh about two years. In 1655 he returned into England, 
ind when lord Henry Cromwell went over to Ireland, as lord lieutenant, 
le chose him for one of his chaplains, who went to diffuse christian 
knowledge in the various cities. Dr. Harrison, Mr. Charnock, and others, 
vhose names are well known, and their works much read in New- 
Sngland, were his associates. He took a degree, and was made senior 
ellow of Trinity college, Dublin. Dr. Mather, his nephew, says, he 
night have received further theological distinction, but declined in the 
.vords of Melancthon, Nemo me perpellere potuit, ut ilium quamlibet 
lonorificum titulum Doctoris mini decerni sinerem. He was elected to 
he pastoral charge of the church in that city, and as a preacher was 
lighly esteemed, and had extraordinary success. Here he continued till 
he restoration of Charles 2d. He was then suspended not merely on 
lccount of non-conformity, but on account of two sermons, which were 
styled seditious. He received, however, some attention and kindness from 
he other party on account of his former conduct, to whom he was always 
;ondescending and courteous when the Independents were in power. 

28 Ecclesiastical History 

and teacher. The lights of Geneva would adorn any 
golden candlestick. Hence the protestants in France ob- 
tained such a character, and so much influence, being 
opposed to the most learned of the catholicks. Hence those 
celebrated divines of England and Holland were able to 
make such a noble stand against the claims of the hierarchy. 
Their learning and piety were equally conspicuous, and 
they gained a reputation, which the wasps of detraction 
could never injure. 

Even Samuel Gorton, the enemy of the New-England 
churches, thought it necessary to declare his literary qualifi- 
cations. This I doubt not of, said he, that there has been 
as much use of the languages in the places where 1 live, as 
in any of the churches in New-England. f 

At this time all orders of men in civil life had been levelled, 
and the most ignorant fanaticks set up for preachers in Old 
England, to serve the purposes of the usurper, who viewed 
himself as the mirrour of the people's majesty. We should 
bear this in our mind, to account for the conduct of our ven- 
erable ancestors who were so jealous, so vigilant, so fixed in 
their opinion of the order of the churches, and acted so in- 
consistent with the general sentiments of the Puritans ; and 
which they were so ready to express before they left their na- 
tive soil. Our fathers were afraid of those men, who one day 
were soldiers and the next day preachers, and who boasted 
of belonging to no church, but of possessing all knowledge 


Though his preaching was of the puritan cast, he hated persecution in 
every shape, and treated the royalists with so much urbanity, that they 
interested themselves in his favour. His sermons however were the cause 
of his being silenced in Dublin, and he went over to England and 
preached till the act, which ejected all dissenting teachers, was passed, 
August 14, 166*2. He afterwards preached in his own hired house in 
Dublin. And he there wrote many treatises— A defence of the Protestant 
religion against Popery — also his lrenicvm ; — and a book against impos- 
tors — also a course of sermons upon the types, which he preached 1660 — ||| 
1668, which have this title, Types of the evangelical mysteries in the dis- k 
pensation of the Old Testament. » 

A. D. 1636, he married the sister of Sir John Stevens, and she died 1- 
1668. He did not long survive her, but was called to the reward of his P 
labours October 29, 1671, aged 46. [ 

Diu vixit, licet non diu fuit. 


t See his letter to Morton. 

of Massachusetts. 29 

without the ordinary means of information. Human nature 
is fond of extremes ; and hence, in one age of the church, 
nothing more is required, than the sanctified effluvia of epis- 
copal fingers ; in another, when men despise this supersti- 
tion, they will make no distinction between being heated 
with any subject, and being gifted by the divine affection. 
But, the more ignorant and extravagant declaimers, so they 
are more wise unto salvation : our fathers being persuaded 
hhat learning and virtue are essential to the character of pas- 
tor of a church, hold forth the rods of their power, which in 
their opinion would answer two purposes — To keep illiterate 
men from being ministers of the word; and keep the most 
learned of the clerical order in subjection to the magistrates. 
u Disorders and confusions in the church will not be avoided 

iby the advice, and counsel, and determination of synods, or 
other messengers of the churches, unless they be a little ac- 
tuated by the civil authority. All men are so wedded to 
their own apprehensions, that unless there be a coercive 
power to restrain, the order and rule of the gospel will never 
be observed." This is the language of the times we speak 
of, and it certainly exhibits a picture of men and manners. 
It was during this period that they took into consideration 
how ministers were to be maintained. The plantations of 
New-England had never been acquainted with the way of 
paying tythes. Some protestant churches considered this as 
blameworthy, if not unlawful. Others thought it was not 
against the letter of scripture, though not convenient, espe- 
cially for new countries, such as the towns and villages of 
Sew-England. It was left therefore to the power of the 
county court, throughout the whole jurisdiction, to make 
sufficient provision for the maintenance of the ministry in 
the respective towns of the colony, and to rectify the defect 
pon any complaint, if any such, for want of means for a 
] comfortable subsistence. 

Among the magistrates, who were most zealous to support 
the civil power and order of the churches ; who resisted 
nnovations, and openly opposed tolerations, was governour 
Thomas Dudley, who died 1653, aged 77 years. He was 
Dne of the founders of the colony, and a pillar of the temple. 
His temper was irritable and his mind was not expanded 
kith the liberal sentiments and polite education of governour 


30 Ecclesiastical History 

Winthrop, his predecessor; but he always approved himself 
a lover of justice and a friend of truth. His bigotry arose 
from his being an enemy to all disorder, heresy, and corrupt! 
doctrine; he discovered the habit of his soul in writing his 
own epitaph, " I am no libertine." 

Besides Winthrop and Dudley, who led in the ecclesiasti- 
cal as well as civil affairs of the plantation, they lost three of 
their first divines, Hooker, Cotton, and Shepard. Such a 
loss would be felt at any time, but they were needed espe- 
cially at this period ; for they could no longer expect Puri- 
tans of the first character for their pulpit talents and extensive 
erudition, to leave Great-Britain, as they once did. Such 
men found sufficient employment at home. It was also 
unfortunate for the interests of the country, that they had 
sent away two very eminent divines, Mr. Welde and Hugh 
Peters, to be their agents in the mother country. They 
were calculated to do good as preachers of the gospel, and 
were highly esteemed by the people of their charge, but not 
famed for political wisdom ; nor was it a time of life for them 
to be made wise by observations on human artifice and de- 
ception. They did very little service to the plantation, to 
which they never returned. Of the men of worth, who re- 
mained, beside Mr. Wilson and Mr. Eliot, we may reckon 
Mr. Norton, to whom the church in Boston turned their 
eyes, as the successor of Mr. Cotton. He was a very re- 
spectable divine, and as a scholar, except president Chaun- 
cy, had not his equal. 

The people of Ipswich were not willing to part with their 
minister, but the magistrates and ministers aided the people 
of Boston, thinking it would serve the interests of religion 
to have Mr. Norton where his talents could be so well em- 
ployed, and his usefulness increased. 

He was settled in Boston, A. D. 1653. It was one great 
advantage to the churches of Massachusetts, that Mr. Chaun- 
cy remained. He was invited to return to his people at 
Ware, but was prevailed upon by the earnest wishes of the 
inhabitants of this province to take the charge and oversight 
of the college, president Dunster having left the chair on ac- 
count of his embracing principles of antipedobaptism. Mr. 
Chauncy was a great defender of the practice of baptis- 
ing infants ; but said they ought to be immersed, which is 


of Massachusetts. 31 

the opinion of the church of England, in which he had been 
educated, and of the Greek church ; but was not the opinion 
of reformed jchurches in general. The church of England 
allow it to be the primitive practice, or most of their divines, 
and in the ancient buildings there was a font provided for 
this purpose, but thej never made the form essential to bap- 
tism ; and they now practice sprinkling, as much as any of 
the Calvinists. It is not our business to discuss the subject, or 
decide what was the practice of the primitive church, but re- 
i late the customs of the churches in this country. There were 
baptists here many years before a church was built. Presi- 
dent Dunster, one of our first scholars and excellent divines, 
was of the opinion, that infants ought not to be baptised ; 
}| and president Chauncy thought they ought to be, as soon as 
\\ they were born, and that they should be dipped in the water. 
The fathers of New-England were otherwise minded, but 
they were not. so set and particular in their opinion of the 
form, as to suffer it to be a ground of difference about fixing 
a person in the chair of Harvard college. Mr. Chauncy 
was a star of the first magnitude. His name was known 
and celebrated in Europe ; he was well skilled in many 
.(oriental languages, but especially the Hebrew, which he 
I knew by close study, and by daily conversation with a Jew 
(who lived in the same house. The heads of both houses 
elected him professor in the university of Cambridge, before 
I his controversy with archbishop Laud. He changed this 
branch of instruction to oblige Dr. Williams, the vice-chan- 
cellor, and was made professor of the Greek language, in 
which he was as much an adept. In Leigh's Critica Sacra, is 
a Latin address to the author, by a friend who is called Vir 
doctissimus, which was written by Mr. Chauncy. It is a 
commendation of the work in a handsome style. 

Mr. Chauncy performed the office of president of Harvard 
college till the year 1671. Under his care the institution 
grew and flourished ; and our churches were furnished with 
ministers of gifts and talents, who would have been burning 
and shining lights in any parts of Christendom. Such were 
several sons of Richard Mather, such was Mr. Mitchel, min- 
ister of Cambridge ; and others also who adorned their sta- 
tions in civil life, as well as the worthies who discharged 
their duty in ecclesiastical functions. Mr. Wood bridge and 


32 Ecclesiastical History 

Mr. Hubbard were educated under Mr. Dunster. They 
were also famous men, useful in their stations, one of them 
minister of Ipswich, and ever to be esteemed for his histori- 
cal researches. The other was as much known in England. 
His virtues, his sufferings, and his talents are mentioned, 
with high respect of his character, by English historians, 
who give an account of those times. He was one who suf- 
fered by the Bartholomew act of Charles 2d, when so many 
of the best men, and best preachers in England were oblig- 
ed to put off their priestly robes, and bear every reproach 
from a vindictive clergy, and a licentious court. * 


* Mr. Benjamin Woodbridae was educated partly at Magdalen col- 
lege, Oxon, and then went to New-England, where he finished his academ- 
ical studies. He was the first graduate of Harvard college. In the 
language of Dr. Calamy, he was the first fruits, and lasting glory of that 
institution, as bishop Usher was of Dublin. In the catalogue of our col- 
lege he is a doctor of divinity. Neither Dr. Calamy, nor Dr. Mather 
mention this. It must have been under the reign of Cromwell, at the 
university of Oxford, for under no other administration could a puritan 
divine receive this honourary distinction from that place. He was one of 
king Charles's chaplains in ordinary afier the restoration. And had the 
choice of being canon of Windsor, if he would conform ; and of eject- 
ment, if he would not. He preferred the latter. He had succeeded the 
famous Dr. Twiss at Newbury, where he continued preaching after he 
was silenced. In 1671, by king Charles's indulgence, he preached more 
publickly. Though he was favoured more than nonconformists in general, 
yet he suffered a great deal, and met with enemies, who had some influ- 
ence, though of little worth. He died in the year 1684, having been 
minister of Newbury above forty years, and a great part of his time being 
able to attend his duty. 

His character for learning, piety and moderation, and activity in the 
line of his profession, highly deserved praise. It must give pleasure to 
the alumni of the college to hear of his good name, as he was the eldest 
son of our alma mater. He was truly a great man. As a preacher, a 
christian, a casuist, a scholar, he had more than common reputation. 
He was called a charming preacher, his voice was remarkable, and his 
manner graceful. It is said, that his temper was cheerful, his behav- 
iour genteel and obliging. His catholick spirit was manifested when he 
was one of the commissioners at Savoy. He was very desirous of an 
accommodation ; and concerned to find that his endeavours were fruit- 

Mr. William Hubbard, was also in the first class of graduates in 
Harvard college. In the book of " Wonder-working Providence," 
mention is made of William Hubbard, one of the representatives of the 
general court from the town of Ipswich. It is said, he was among the 
most able speakers in the assembly 1640. One gentleman from Salem 


of Massachusetts. S3 

Upon a retrospect of the times when our churches were at 
rest, we may consider this to be their state from the assem- 
bling of the divines at Westminster, to the restitution of 
Charles 2d. For there was then no prelatick power to lord 


J he allowed to be more fluent, but none more solid and argumentative. 
.This gentleman is supposed to be father of Mr. Hubbard the historian, 
ilwho was called to be teacher of the Ipswich church, where he contin- 
ued till the year 1704. He died 24th September, aged 83 years. The 
vear of his ordination I have never been able to obtain ; the records of 
He he church of Ipswich not being preserved. His gravestone is not to 
be found, and none of the present generation can recollect much about 
(him. The oldest men in the town, who tell of those former divines who 
ttvere contemporary, with him, such as Rogers, Norton, Cobbet, &c. 
jlvhose manner of preaching they have heard their fathers describe, have 
ho impressions made upon their minds of the character of Mr. Hubbard, 
.[vho certainly was for many years the most eminent minister in the county 
If Essex ; equal to any in the province for learning and candour, and 
: ,[uperiour to all his contemporaries as a writer. Perhaps he was not so 
J'?rvent a preacher as some. He might want a voice and manner, or that 
nimation in the pulpit which some preachers have, and which will be 
lore talked of, than the still sound of wisdom. Or perhaps he lived too 
)ng for his reputation. When a man's life is cut short in the midst of 
is days and usefulness, the excellences of his name and character are 
ie subjects of remark for many generations. If another continues to 
Id age, and mental imbecilities succeed the more vigorous intellect, he is 
;membered only in the last stage in life, and he drops into the grave 
ithout emotions of sorrow. His name is seldom mentioned in the neigh- 
ourhood where he dwelt, while those at a distance, who have heard of 
is fame when he appeared upon the stage of life with engaging virtue, or 
:ad his works with delight, wish to know what were the more minute parts 
his character. 

Whether these observations apply generally or not, they certainly 
ply to the subject of this memoir. He has been quoted by all who 
ve accounts of New-England, but few, very few notices of him are in 
e records of the town, where he spent his days. A letter from the 
te worthy minister of Ipswich has the following particulars : " Mr. 
ubbard was born in 1621; died 1704. I should be happy to furnish 
u with some anecdotes concerning him, but have inquired of the 
ost aged people, without answering my expectations. Mr. Foster, a 
aeon of Dr. Dana's society, ninety years old, whose memory is good, 
ys he has heard of Mr. H. as a worthy good man, and reputable min- 
er. That he lived in a house about 100 rods from Dr. Dana's meet- 
-house, near the high banks of Ipswich river, commonly known here 
the name of Turkey shore, and of his house the place and cellar is 
t to be seen. The deacon says, that according to his best remem- 
ance Mr. H. married in his old age a second wife, which displeased 

vol. x. F 

34 Ecclesiastical History 

over their heritage, and they were entirely free from the 
spirit of persecution from abroad. But can we suppose such 
a season to last long, without having some internal differ- 
ences? and such disturbances as must cause strifes among 
christians, and perhaps mar the order of the community ? 


his parish very much, for though she was a serious worthy woman, she was 
rather in the lower scenes of life, and not sufficiently fitted, as thej 
thought, for the station : for people think, said the good deacon, tha 
they have a good right to judge and chuse for a minister in all things 
even in the affair of getting a wife." This letter from Mr. Frisbie wai 
written January 26, 1804; and in May following, he wrote, " I hav« 
made further inquiry of those elderly men, but cannot learn the precis< 
time of the event so interesting to you from your laudable partiality," &c 
"I have searched the town records of Ipswich, and find that there was 
Mr. Win, Hubbard, a man of note and influence, about the year 1640 
that he was employed in running the line and marking the bounds be 
tween Ipswich, Salem, and Topsfield. In 1643 lands were granted t( 
him in consideration of an highway, which run through his farm. Then 
is no mention of his being representative, nor can I tell whether he wa 
the fni her of the minister. It is evident, that Mr. H. the minister wa 
preaching in Ipswich 1656, but not settled Mr. Rogers and he wer 
preaching at this time, and the town had a desire to settle one of them 
Mr. Nathaniel Rogers died in 1655. Mr. Cobbet had been settled 
colleague with him; and we may presume, that Mr. Hubbard was soofj 
after joined with Mr. Cobbet. For in 1659, I find his name as one of 
committee to settle some affairs of the town, which implies that he wa 
an inhabitant. Mr. Cobbet died 1685. There is on the records an acl 
count of grants of money to purchase large quantities of sugar, cyder l 
wine, and other articles to refresh the attendants, and reward" a conside 
rable number of men for the services they performed upon that great an 
solemn occasion. But at Mr. Hubbard's funeral there is no mention mad 
of any exp^rices. You may wonder at this. But some circumstance 
will assist in explaining it. Mr. John Rogers was settled in 1692. Mi J' 
Fitch was ordained in 1703, and Mr. Hubbard died 1704. They ha 
therefore three ministers at the same time ; it was a relief unto them t 
have one taken away who was useless by age and infirmities. " Alaa f, 
the dire effects of loitering here." 

In the year 1676 Mr. Hubbard preached the election sermon, whic 
is among the very good ones published during that century. He w? 
among the seventeen ministers who bore testimony against the old church 
in Boston when they settled Mr. Davenport, and also when the geilT 
eral assembly approved of the act of the first church, and censure!!!, 
the proceedings of the third church, commonly called the Old Sout| 
The division excited upon this occasion interested the passions of tt 
people at large, so as to give a new complexion to publick affairs. Mo 
of the deputies, who had so severely censured the brethren who bui 






I all 



of Massachusetts. 35 

In the year 1656 the churches of New-England began to 
feel some disquietudes from certain questions, that were 
agitated among themselves, and caused vehement disputes 
among brethren who held communion with each other, as 
members of the same body, and which were not settled till 
a synod was called to advise, and determine the future dis- 
cipline of the churches. 

About this time also the Quakers made their first appear- 
ance in Massachusetts. And the spirit of persecution was 
extended to the Baptists. 

It may be proper to relate the causes of strife and contention 
n the order here laid down, and also the several events, which 
lappened in consequence of the tumult that was excited. 

The first source of uneasiness was the question concerning 
baptism of children; whether any should have this privilege, 
except the children of those who partook of the Lord's sup- 
per. Doubts and differences had arisen in the minds of some 
ivines ; others were fixed in their opinion, that no altera- 
ions should be made. In the same church, was frequently 

1169872 ma " ifote * d 

he Old South church, for their spirit of innovation, and leaving the good 
Id path of their fathers, were left out, and new members chosen. The 
own of Ipswich took an active part in this matter; and. Mr. Hubbard's 
ifluence had considerable effect upon their proceedings. 

In 1684 Mr. Hubbard presided at the commencement. This was after 
tie death of President Rogers. But though Dr. Increase Mather was 
l the neighbourhood, the Senatus Academicus saw fit to send for a min- 
uter from the county of Essex ; so respectable was his character among 
ie literary men of his profession. 

The publications of Mr. Hubbard were not very numerous. They con- 
st of several volumes in duodecimo. One of which is a narrative of the 
ndian Wars; memoirs of Maj. Gen. Dennison, &c. But his chief atten- 
on was paid to his MS. history, which was founded upon the plan of 
^inthrop's journal. For some reason or other neither of these MSS. were 
ermitted to be seen by the publick, till lately the journal has been printed, 
i all his histories Mr. Hubbard appears a steady friend to the Constitution 
I the Churches. He expressed indignant feelings at the erection of the 
hurch in Brattle-street upon a more liberal plan than our fathers were 

illing to adopt. 

There is nothing of this said in his MS. history, which only comes 
own to 1680, but he speaks pointedly in his private letters to several 
entlemen, and in the last thing which he published, his Dying Testi- 

ony to the Order of the Churches, which he wrote jointly with Mr. 
uggenson of Salem. 

36 Ecclesiastical History. 

manifested a difference of opinion between the pastor and 
certain of the brethren. The first settlers, with the excep- 
tion of very few, were members of the churches where they 
lived, and they confined baptism to the offspring of believers 
who, in their opinion, would come as readily to one ordinance 
as the other. But when the plantation increased, and new 
churches were gathered, some of them expressed a different 

There were sundry families, who had received this privi- 
lege in the European churches ; and to be denied it in New- 
England they thought a strange thing. 

This occasioned many debates among the ministers of this 
country. Zeal excited party spirit. It is a delicate and 
difficult matter to make innovations. It is peculiarly so, if 
we have to stem the torrent of prejudice ; or where preju- 
dices of a religious nature, warp the minds of the disputants, 
or heat them with zeal. 

There has seldom been a case more delicately circumstan- 
ced than this, in ecclesiastical affairs. The ministers, who 
were willing to have the privilege of baptism, met with oppo- 
sition in their own societies, as well as with their brethren in 
the ministry. Such as were popular carried their point, but 
others, who had less influence, were obliged either toyield their 
opinion, or to use the language of the psalmist, " Wo is me 
that I sojourn in Mesech, and dwell in the tents of Kedar." 

This dispute first arose in Connecticut. As it was custom- 
ary in each colony to consult the magistrates upon every im- 
portant subject, whether civil or religious ; the rulers of Con- 
necticut sent to the magistrates of Massachusetts to hold a 
council upon the subject of baptism. The meeting was held 
in the town of Boston the 4th of June 1657. They mutual- 
ly agreed to call some of the clergy to the conference, in whose 
wisdom and prudence they could confide. About twenty 
ministers assembled ; and the magistrates recommended to 
them, that they should search the scriptures upon this point; 
and compare the practice of other churches with the practice 
of their own. The result of their deliberations, after debate of 
considerable earnestness, was presented to the magistrates of 
each jurisdiction. " These careful nursing fathers," says Mr. 
Hubbard, " foreseeing many difficulties would arise, took the 
prudent course for the clearing up of the truth in controversy, 


Religious Societies in Portsmouth. 31 

; unto universal satisfaction, lest otherwise differences in judg- 
ment should beget or occasion uncomfortable animosities, if 
fi;not paroxysms of contention, that might in this way be 
I more easily prevented, than healed, if they once broke out, 
■which the event made too evident afterwards." 

The object of both magistrates and ministers was peace. 
Knowing how great a matter a little fire kindleth, they were 
: afraid of a general conflagration, and would not finish their 
Iresult till they were all agreed ; or if they were not all of 
•ikhe same opinion, the unity of affection should not be dis- 
turbed. Very contrary to what Gregory Nazianzen observes 
slof ecclesiastical councils : for it was his opinion, that they 
ilalways cause contentions, and end in disorder. 

They submitted their questions and answers to the magis- 
trates, for the service and improvement of the churches, 
both in Connecticut and Massachusetts. 

Some papers; which contained the result of these consult- 
ations, were sent to England, and made publick by the 
gentleman to whom they were committed. No publication 
}f them had been made in these parts, as might be expect- 
ed, therefore he, in the year 1659, caused them to be emit- 
ted from the press. 

A book containing the substance of the disputation was 
entitled, A dispute concerning church members, and their 
:hildren, in answer to twenty-one questions. 

These questions, with their answers, may with great pro- 
iriety be combined with the materials of our church history. 

[To be continued.) 

\n Account of the several Religious Societies in 
Portsmouth, New-Hampshire, from their first 
establishment, and of the ministers of each, to 
the first of January, 1805. By Timothy Alden, 
Jun., Member of the Massachusetts Historical 
Society and of the Society in the State of New- 
York for the Promotion of Agriculture, Arts, 
and Manufactures. 

T is a subject of regret, that the first volume of the Ports- 
mouth town records has not been preserved. The second, 


38 Account of the Religious Societies 

after exhibiting a few extracts from the former, commences! 
with the transactions of the year 1652. It is considerably 
mutilated with age, and ought, ere now, to have been trans-| 
cribed. Nothing is to be found in it, from which we can 
learn who were employed, as preachers of the gospel, in 
this place, which was first settled by Europeans in 1623, 
prior to Richard Gibson. 

A grant was made, by the ancient inhabitants of the 
lower end of Pascataqna, of fifty acres of land for a glebe, 
on the 25th of May, 1640. From the instrument,* by 
which this sequestration was effected, it appears that a par- 
sonage house and chapelf were already erected on the 
premises, and that the people had chosen Mr. Richard 
Gibson for " their first parson." 

" Uet was sent from England, as minister to a fishing 
plantation, belonging to one Trelawney. He was wholly 
addicted to the hierarchy and discipline of England, and 
exercised his ministerial function, according to the ritual. 
He was summoned before the court, at Boston, for scandal- 
izing the government there and denying their title ; but, upon 
his submission, they discharged him without fine or punish- 
ment, being a stranger and about to depart the country." 

The inhabitants of Portsmouth, having been left, in 1638, 
by the widow, who was the executrix of Mason, the original 
•proprietor, to shift for themselves, were, for several years, 
under a government of their own formation, as were those 
of Dover and Exeter, respectively; but, in April, 1641, 
these petty republicks put themselves under the jurisdiction 
of Massachusetts. It was, probably, about this time, or 
soon after, that Gibson took his departure. 

" In December,^ 1642, those of the lower part of Pascata- 
qua invited Mr. James Parker, of Weymouth, [near Boston] 
a godly man to be their minister. He by advising with di- 
vers of the magistrates and elders accepted the call and went 
and taught among them, this winter, and it pleased God to 
give great success to his labours, so as above forty of them, 
whereof the most had been very profane, and some of them 
professed enemies to the way of our churches, wrote to the 


* Town records. f Appendix, note A. 

| Belknap's New-Hampshire. § Winthrop's Journal. 

in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 39 

magistrates and elders, acknowledging the sinful course they 
had lived in, and bewailing the same, and blessing God for 
calling them out of it, and earnestly desiring that Mr. Parker 
might be settled among them. Most of them fell back 
u again, in time embracing this present world." 

Doctor Belknap asserts, that he had been a deputy in Mas- 
sachusetts, that he was a scholar, and that, after leaving 
J Portsmouth, he removed to Barbadoes and settled there. 

At a town-meeting,* 11 April, 1655, the inhabitants 
I " generally acknowledged themselves willing" that Mr. 
ri Browne should continue their minister, as he had been, if he 
J were so pleased. Whence he came, how long he tarried, 
i| and whither he went is not known. 

At a town-meeting,* 27 October, 1656, it was voted to 

A send to Mr. Samuel Dudley, son of the deputy governour, 

1 with whom the selectmen! agreed, on the 10 of the follow- 

i]ing month, to be their minister, to come the next spring, 

r and to have fourscore pounds a year. He settled in Exeter, 

where he died, in 1683, at the age of 77. 

The selectmen! sent Henry Sherburne, 7 September, 
1657, to a Mr. Woster,^ with a call from the inhabitants of 
Portsmouth to be their minister, in case they and he should 
agree, he giving them a visit. Whether he came, or not, 
does not appear. 

Although several candidates were successively employed 
in this town ; yet no one was ordained, till almost fifty years, 
from the time of its first settlement, were elapsed. Of the 
temporary preachers, already mentioned, Gibson || was the 
only one, who followed the ritual of the English church. 

The selectmen, 1 Brian Pendleton, John Cutt, Richard 
Cutt, William Seavey, and Henry Sherburne were empow- 
ered by the town, 27 August, 1657, to build a new meet- 
ing house. This was, accordingly, erected on the rise of land 
a i'ew paces to the southward of Pickerin's mill dam, and, in 
1664, it was furnished with a bell. In 1660, Richard Cutt 
was chosen by the selectmen to superintend the work of trans- 
forming the old meeting-house, which, in 1640, was called a 
chapel, into a dwelling-house for the use of the minister. 


* Town records. f Called townsmen frequently at that period. 

\ Town records. § So written in the town records. 

|| Langdon in reply to Ogden. fl Town records. 

40 Account of the Religious Societies 

was ordained 


The reverend Joshua Moodey,* the first, who was ordained! 
in Portsmouth, is supposed to have begun his labours here, 
early in 1658. He was then supported by eighty-six sub- 
scribers. There was a formal vote of the town, 5 March, 
1660, for his regular establishment in the ministry. A church, 
however, was not gathered, in this place, till the year 1671 ;| 
though Mr. Moodey appears to have preached here statedly 
from the time of his first coming. This part of the country 
owed much to the talents, the christian example, and the pas- 
toral fidelity and zeal of this distinguished character. His 
account of gathering and carrying on the church of Christ 
in Portsmouth, which is written in a fair hand, will, no doubt, 
be more acceptable, than any abridgment of it, which the 
author of this compilation can offer. It has therefore been 
copied from his records and is here subjoined. 

" Portsmouth, N. E. anno 1671. After many serious 
endeavours, which had been used by the then minister of 
the place, since the pastor of the church there, in publick, 
and by several of the inhabitants in private, the Lord, with- 
out whose presence and blessing man builds but in vain, was 
pleased, at length, to lay the foundation of an house for 
himself in this place, of the beginning and progress where- 
of here follows a brief but true account." 

" In the winter time of the foregoing year, viz. 1670, 
there were several meetings together of the minister with 
several of the inhabitants, who were members of other con- 
gregations in the country, and by providence settled inhab- 
itants in Portsmouth, to discourse and confer about that 
great work and necessary duty of entering into church fel- 
lowship, that themselves might enjoy all the ordinances of 
the Lord's house and their little ones also might be laid 
near God's altars and brought up under the instruction and 
discipline of his house. Nor could they, that were members 
of other churches, any longer satisfy themselves to live with- 
out the enjoyment of these edifying and strengthening ordi- 
nances, that their souls had, in some measure, formerly tasted 
the good of, though now, for some years, been kept from. 
Others also well affected to the work professed their long- 
ings after those fat and marrowed things in God's house, 


* So spelled by him. 

in Portsmouth, Neiv-Ilampshire. 41 

and their readiness to join with them in helping to build, if 
they should be found fit for the same." 

M Hereupon, several assembled in private, and sought the 
Lord by fasting* and prayer, that he would discover to us a 
right way, there being many fears and discouragements be- 
fore us, for ourselves and our little ones, and we hope we 
may say he was entreated of us, as the event hath in some 
measure, blessed be his name, made manifest." 

" It was agreed that those, which were in full communion 
with other congregations abroad, should acquaint the respec- 
tive churches, to which they did belong, with the motion on 
foot, and desire their advice, approbation, countenance, and 
prayers therein, which was accordingly done." 

" There was a meeting appointed in a private house, 
wherein all, that had given in their names for the work, were 
to assemble and to read each to other a reason of the hope, 
that was in them, by giving account of their knowledge and 
experience, that so they might be satisfied one in another, 
and be capable of joining together as members of the same 
body. Several days were spent in this exercise, to the mu- 
ual refreshing and endearing of the speaker, and to th 

awakening and warning of others of the neighbours that 
were, as they had liberty to be, present at these exercises." 
" In fine, there was another meeting to inquire whether all, 
lat had made relations, were so satisfied one in another, as to 
leir relations and conversations, as that they could with free- 
om of spirit join in a body together, and unite in the same 
ociety, according to the rules of Christ. What ground of 
cruple lay upon the spirits of any, with reference to one or 
ther of the forementioned company, was lovingly and plainly 
ropounded, and satisfaction was ingenuously tendered on the 
ne party and accepted by the other. Furthermore, we did 
iscourse of and discover our apprehensions and persuasions 
oncerning the order and discipline of the house of God. 
nd there was a unanimous consent unto what had been pub- 
ckly delivered in many sermons in the latter end of the year 
670, and the beginning of the year 1671, from Ezekiel xliii. 
0, 11, 12, about the laws, ordinances, and forms of the 
ouse, with the goings out thereof and the comings in thereof. 


* Ezra viii. 21,22, 23. 

VOL. X. G 

42 Account of the Religious Societies 

Of such high concernment did and do we account it to b< 
for peace and edification of the whole, that both pastor anq 
people should in these matters, at least for the substance! 
and as near as may be' in mere circumstantials also, spealj 
the same things." 

<; Hereupon, there were some appointed to acquaint thj 
civil authority, according to the law of the country, witl 
what was thought on among us, that by the good liking anc 
encouragement of the same, we might make an orderly anc 
comfortable proceeding in the work before us. Which be | 
ing done, several churches were sent to and entreated to sent 

their elders and messengers upon the -, which was ap 

pointed for the gathering of the church and ordination o 
officers therein. The church of Cambridge was sent to, be 
cause the pastor did belong to that church. They brough 
his dismission. Also the church of Ipswich, Rowley, an( 
Hampton. They met accordingly, and govemour Leveret 
came also." 

"He that was appointed pastor preached in the morning 
out of Ezekiel xlviii. ult. After sermon some intermissioi 
was made, and, on their meeting again, the pastor with al 
those, who were to be the beginners of the new church, mad< 
their relations, and those, who were members of other church 
es, had their dismissions, and all made their relations whethe 
members or non-members, and they were approved of by th 
messengers of churches and embodied into a church by a 
explicit covenant. Then the pastor was ordained after th 
unanimous vote of the church for choice of him and libert 
given to all the congregation to object, if they had aught t 
say. He was ordained by several of the elders at the desin 
of the church, Mr. Cabot giving him his charge, and Mr 
Wheelwright the right hand of fellowship. Then the pasto 
ordained Samuel Haines deacon, with imposition of ham 
and prayer. A psalm was sung and the congregation dis 
missed by the pastor with a prayer and blessing." 

" The church covenant that those, who first embodied 
did on that day publickly and solemnly enter into." 

"We do this day solemnly and publickly, in the presenci 
of God and his people, avouch the one only living and tru 
God, Father, Son, and Spirit, to be our God, and his wonj 
or revealed will to be our rule, and do with ourselves give uj 


: : 

in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 43 

ijei our children to be the Lord's. We do also professedly and 
heartily subject ourselves to Jesus Christ, as the head of his 
church, and do covenant and promise that we will submit our- 
selves to the government of Christ in this particular church, 
according to the laws of his house, that we will watch over 
our brethren and be watched over by them, according to 
rule, and that we will in all things so demean ourselves 
towards our pastor and fellow members, as also towards all 
others, as becomes the gospel, that the Lord may dwell 
among us and bless us, and we may be a peculiar people to 

J his service and glory. And all this we promise by the help 

d of Jesus Christ, and in his name, looking up to him for his 

i assistance, as being of ourselves capable of doing nothing. 
Subscribed by Joshua Moodey, John Cutt, Richard Cutt, 
Elias Stileman, Richard Martyn, Samuel Haines, James 
Pendleton, John Fletcher, and John Tucker." 

In 1684, while lieutenant governour Cranfield was at the 
head of the province, a very extraordinary kind of persecu- 
tion, for this part of the world, took place. Mr. Moodey 

i had distinguished himself by his independent and faithful 
manner of preaching and the strictness of his church disci- 

)( j pline. The following anecdote" is given in brief; but shows 

c j something of the man. 

A Scotch ketch had been seized and carried out of the har- 
jbour, by night, the owner of which, G***** J******, a 
member of the church, swore, upon trial, that he had not had 
a hand in sending her away, and that he knew nothing about 
it ; but, the circumstances were such, there were strong sus- 
picions that he had perjured himself. He found means, how- 
ever, to settle the matter with Cranfield, so that " he forgave 
him all ;" but Mr. Moodey judged it necessary, notwithstand- 
ing what the governour had done, to do something to vindi- 
cate the honour of his church. He preached a sermon " upon 
swearing and the evil of false swearing," had several church 
meetings, called the offender to account, and, at length, 
brought him to a publick confession. This proceeding, on 
the part of Moodey, irritated Cranfield to the highest degree. 
In order to have opportunity to let off the artillery of his ven- 
geance upon the persevering and conscientious pastor, he was 
determined to put the uniformity act into operation ; the con- 
* Drawn from Moodey's records. 

44 Account of the Religious Societies 

sequence of which was, that Mr. Moodey was indicted, 5 
February, 1684, and was imprisoned for thirteen weeks. 
The following statement is in his own language. 

"The pastor was indicted by governour Cranfield for re- 
fusing to administer the sacrament of the Lord's supper unto 
him, after the way of the church of England, and because he 
had often administered it after another way. He pleaded lib- 
erty of conscience, allowed by the commission, but was im- 
pleaded by Joseph Raynes, king's attorney, and was sent to 
prison, where he continued thirteen weeks, and then, by the 
intercession of some friends, was dismissed with a charge to 
preach no more on penalty of further imprisonment. The 
persecution being personal, and his mouth utterly stopped, 
while the other ministers in the province were undisturbed, 
and there being a door opened to preach elsewhere, it was 
thought adviseable for him to take up with a call to the old 
church in Boston, where he continued preaching till the year 
1692, and then by advice of a council, he returned to Ports- 
mouth again in the beginning of the year 1693. The judge 
of the court was [captain of the fort] Walter Barefoot, the 
justices Mr. Fryer, Peter Coffin, Thomas Edgerly, Henry 
Green, and Henry Robey. Overnight, four of the six dis- 
sented from his imprisonment ; but, before next morning, 
Peter Coffin, being hectored by Cranfield, drew off Robey 
and Green. Only Mr. Fryer and Edgerly refused to con- 
sent, but by the major part he was committed. Not long 
after, Green repented and made his acknowledgment to the 
pastor, who frankly forgave him. Robey was excommunica- 
ted out of Hampton church for a common drunkard, and died 
excommunicate, and was by his friends thrown into a hole, 
near his house, for fear of an arrest of his carcase. Bare- 
foot fell into a languishing distemper, whereof he died. 
Coffin was taken by the Indians and his house and mills 
burnt, himself not slain but dismissed. The Lord give him 
repentance, though no sign of it have appeared. Ps. ix. 16." 

" The church was often visited by the pastor, in this in- 
terval, and kept up their private meetings and fasts, and so 
held together, though some removed, and others were taken 
away by death." * 

After the departure of Cranfield, messengers were, several 


* Moodey's records, in the hands of Rev. Dr. Bnckminster. 



in Portsmouth, New -Hampshire. 45 

rimes, sent from Portsmouth to Boston to treat with Mr. 
Moodey about his return. Copies of the letters, which pass- 
ed between him and the selectmen upon this subject, are 
^reserved in our town records, from which it appears that 
lie affection between him and the people of his former charge 
vas mutually retained. Some difficulty, however, seems to 
lave subsisted in his mind, so that he thought it adviseable 
lot to leave Boston without the recommendation of a council. 
obe was, accordingly, urgent that the church at Portsmouth 
eihould concur in a measure, which he considered as impor- 
tant. The people, for what reason it is uncertain, did not 
ie :econd his proposal, and at length, as Mr. Moodey made it a 
i, ;ine qua non, relinquished the expectation of his return. 
i, During Mr. Moodey 's absence, one Gilbert Laurey preach- 
ed at Portsmouth for a season. John Cotton, son of Seaborn 
otton, who afterwards succeeded his father in the ministry at 
Hampton, was invited to settle in this place and take the over- 
ight of the flock; but he* advised that further application 
hould be made to Mr. Moodey, who, in the beginning of 
693, by recommendation of an ecclesiastical council, previ- 
usly obtained, resumed his pastoral charge over a people, by 
phom he had been greatly esteemed, and with whom he spent 
he remainder of his days in usefulness, harmony, and love. 
Joshua Moodey was born in England, as is supposed, and 
vas brought to this country when very young. His father,f 
Villiam Moodey, was one of the early settlers of Newbury, 
nd lived on a place about a mile to the southward of Rev. 
/Ir. Popkin's meeting house. Joshua Moodey was gradua- 
ed, at Harvard College, in 1653. From the catalogue it ap- 
ears that he was one of the fellows of his alma mater, and 
^elknapj asserts that he was invited, upon the death of presi- 
ent Rogers, which happened, in 1684, to take the oversight 
f the College, which he modestly declined. 

Being on a visit to Boston, he died, after a short illness, 
n the sabbath, 4 July, 1697, in the 65 year of his age. 
Doctor Cotton Mather preached his funeral sermon from these 
vords, " Looking steadfastly on him, they saw his face, as it 


* Town records. 

t Letter from Rev. Silas Moodey, of Arundel, to the author. App. 
ote B. | Hist. New-Hampshire. 

46 Account of the Religious Societies 

had been the face of an angel." His eulogist calls him tho. 
man of God. Quam multa quam paucis ! He gives him 1 
very excellent character to which* the reader is referred, a 
the limits of this compilation would be too much extende<! 
by quoting it entire. 

The list of Mr. Moodey's baptisms amounts to one hun 
dred and ten only. The number of communicants, whicl 
had been admitted into the church at Portsmouth, previou 
to 1697, is one hundred and sixty. 

One work, of which Mr. Moodey was the author, was print 
ed at Boston by Richard Pierce, in 1685, 12mo. p. 109. I 
is entitled "A practical discourse concerning the choice ben 
" efit of communion with God in his house, witnessed unt< 
" by the experience of saints as the best improvement of time 
" being the sum of several sermons on Psalm 84, 10, preach 
" ed at Boston, on lecture days." This little volume is ac 
companied with a preparatory address, to the reader, bj 
Rev. James Allen, which gives it a handsome and just enco 
mium. What other works he published is not known. 

The ninety-third volume of Mr. Moodey's manuscript ser 
mons, the last of which is numbered 4070, and dated, 3( 
September, 1688, is in possession of the author of this ac 
count; and, likewise, a copy of a very solemn exhortation 
delivered by this noted divine, 6 March, 1686, before the 
execution of a malefactor, who had been convicted of murder 
This copy is supposed to be in the hand writing of Johr 
Templestone, to whom it belonged, in 1687. 

The settlers of Strawberry Bank, as the town plat of Ports 
mouth, especially that part of it comprising and in the vicinity 
of Church Hill, was originally called ; of Great Island, oj 
Newcastle ; of Sandy Beach, a part of Rye ; of Sagamore 
or Witch Creek ; and of Greenland! used to resort to the 
Bank, or Portsmouth, for publick worship till about the lasl 
of the seventeenth century. 

Rev. Nathanael Rogers was ordained in this place, 
May, 1699. He was a descendant from John Rogers, whe 
suffered martyrdom in the reign of queen Mary, and inherited 
so much of the spirit and talents of his renowned ancestor 
that his labours in this part of the vineyard, like those of his 


* Magnalia. f App. note C. 


in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 47 

learned and pious predecessor, were abundantly blessed by 
the great Head of the church. 

An unhappy division, as it gave rise to considerable ani- 

ei mosity, originated among the inhabitants of Portsmouth, in 
1712. At that time, it was thought expedient to build a 
new meeting house ; and, as the northern part of the town 
was then become populous, it seemed reasonable that it 

should be fixed in a situation more central, than was the an- 
tient one, at Pickerin's dam. It is said that the people at 
the south end were willing that the new meeting house 
should have been erected on the spot where Mr. Joseph Ha- 
ven's house now stands, or on the rise of ground nigh it. 

^This, however, was too far from the north end to meet the 
ideas of the inhabitants in that quarter. They had deter- 
mined upon the northeastern corner of the twelve acre lot, 
reserved as part of the glebe, for building the new house of 
worship. The tradition is, as handed down by some, that 

°Jthe people of Greenland,* who were desirous of a separation 
from Portsmouth, were induced to come forward, in a spirited 

• er manner, to aid in carrying the vote of the town agreeably to. 

$ the wishes of the north end, and that those, whom they thus 

ac (befriended, were, in their turn, to assist in making Greenland 

i a separate corporation. The point was gained, and Green- 
and experienced the kindness, which tradition says had been 

The author of this compilation has been told that, although 
the minister and a majority of the town were in favour of 
repairing to the new house, when completed, for publick 
worship, yet a majority of the antient church was in the op- 
position. If this were a fact, it is probable that some of 
them were so far advanced in life, or otherwise so infirm, as 
Inot to be able to attend in the sanctuary; because there is 
a regular vote of the church, in the records kept by Mr. Rog- 
ers, dated 7 January, 1713, authorising and directing him, 
on " the next sabbath come se'nnight, to preach in the new 
meeting house, and to continue preaching there, as formerly 
at the old meeting, and to perform all other offices, which 
appertain to his function." 

The people, at the south end, appear to have much resent- 

* Newcastle, to which Rye was attached, was set off several years before. 

48 Account of the Religious Societies 

ed the proceedings of the major part. At a general towr 
meeting 9 September, 1713, captain John Pickerin, who was 
warm in the cause of the south end, was chosen moderator 
After passing two votes, it is said, disorders arose and the 
justices dissolved the meeting ; yet Pickerin put a numbei 1 
of things to vote, which were carried ; such as, that* thej 
old meeting house shall continue town meeting house forever, 
and, when too much decayed with age to be repaired, that) 
a new one shall be erected in its place ; that the glebe land 
formerly given by the town for the use of the ministry shall 
wholly remain to the benefit of the minister, who shall offi- 
ciate in said house; that a committee shall wait upon Mr 
Rogers to see if it be his pleasure to continue preaching at 
the old meeting house, during his abode in the town, if not, 
that the said committee shall provide an able minister, for 
the said place of worship, and agree with him for his salary, 
which agreement, so made, shall be ratified and fulfilled by! 
the town, &c. 

It is hardly probable that there would have been such anl 
unhappy misunderstanding in the town, were it not for the} 
advantage, which, as some thought unfairly, the north end 
gained over the south, relative to the glebe. However, it is 
certain the patronage of the glebe, or the right of presenta- 
tation, according to the original grant, was to be in the " par- 
" ishioners, or greater part of them, forever ;" so that, if the 
vote for placing the new meeting house, on the spot, where 
it now stands, were in all respects fairly obtained, the inhab- 
itants, at the south end of the town, had no reason to com- 
plain, seeing they chose to forego the privilege of their part 
of the glebef rather than be under the necessity of walking 
a few rods further to attend publick worship. 

When Mr. Emerson came to preach in the old meeting 
house, it gave dissatisfaction to Mr. Rogers and his church, 
insomuch that they made attempts for calling a council to 
advise upon the subject. Whether any council ever met and, 
if it did, what was the result, is unknown. 

The reverend Nathanael Rogers! was son of John Rogers, 


* Town records. 

t This glebe land, which would now he of great value, was mostly dis- 
posed of, at long leases, many years ago, for a trifling consideration. 
| A pp. note D. 

in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 49 

president of Harvard College, and was born at Ipswich, 22 
February, 1669. He was graduated at Cambridge, in 1687, 
and died, 3 October, 1723, and was interred, as was his suc- 
cessor also, in the ancient burial ground, usually called the 
i Point of Graves. The slate, which was let into his monu- 

| mental stone, and upon which his epitaph was written, is not 

4 to be found. The late president Stiles, when a preacher in 
| this town, copied off the inscription, which by that mean, has 

i\ been preserved and is here subjoined, as the best eulogium 
in the power of the compiler to offer the Historical Society. 





Hie sepelitur reverendus Nathanael Rogers, A. M. 

Jesu Christi minister fidelis ; 

prosapia studiis evangeliis devota 

' oriundus ; 

ingenio, eruditione, integritate, 

moribusque suavissimis 

valde ornatus ; 

benevolentiae, fidei, pietatis 

exemplar illustre ; 

theologise consultissimus ; 

concionator praeclarus 

ecclesiae pastor vigilantissimus ; 

natus est Ipsvici, 7mo. kalendas Martii r 


In Jesu sinum efflavit animam 

5to. nonas Octobris, 


Mr, Rogers kept, a record of his baptisms, admissions into 
the church, and marriages ; but, as some part has been lost, 
the number of neither can be determined. He was repeated- 
ly solicited to publish some of his sermons, but ever declined. 

The reverend Jabez Fitch succeeded Mr. Rogers. His 
church records, if he kept any, are supposed to be lost. 
The time of his installation is unknown. 

Being a resident* at Cambridge, he w 7 as invited, in the lat- 
er part of 1702, by the antient parish of Ipswich, to settle as 


* Letter from Reverend Levi Frisbie to the author. 
vol. x. h 

50 Account of the Religious Societies. 


colleague with reverend John Rogers. He was, according-! 
ly, ordained in the course of the following year. 

On the 13 of December, 1723, soon after the vacancy at! 
Portsmouth, he withdrew* from his pastoral office at Ips-j 
wich, on account of the incompetency of his support, and was; 
probably established here, in a short time after. The people} 
of his former charge were displeased at his leaving them ; 
yet, such appears to have been their regard, they repeatedly 
exerted themselves for his return. It is not certain that his 
removal was ever sanctioned by the voice of an ecclesiastica 
council. Pecuniary differences, between him and the peo- 
ple of Ipswich, were not finally adjusted till 22 September, 
1726, and then by way of arbitration. 

He was bornf at Norwich in Connecticut, in April, 1672. 
and was the fourth son, by a second marriage, of reverend 
James Fitch. He was graduated at Harvard College, in 
1694, and was both a tutor and a fellow of that seminary 
From this circumstance it may be conjectured that he was a 
gentleman of distinguished talents and learning ■; and, es 
pecially, as he was called to a settlement at Ipswich, which, 
at that period, was one of the principal parishes in the coun- 
try, and had been furnished with a series of ministers of the 
first reputation. He died of a nervous fever, 22 November 
1746, in the 75 year of his age, after a pious and useful min 
istry in Portsmouth of more than 20 years' continuance. 

He had a taste for historical researches and made a col- 
lection of facts, relative to New-Hampshire, of which doctor 
Belknap availed himself, when writing upon this state, and 
for which he has given credit. 

Four sermons are extant, which Mr. Fitch published while 
at Portsmouth. The first, from Psalm xxviii. 5. was occa- 
sioned by the great earthquake, which happened, 29 Octo-Jtle 
ber, 1727. The second was preached in Gosport, on one 
of the Isles of Shoals, 26 July, 1732, at the ordination o 
reverend John Tucke, from these words, " I will make you dem 
fishers of men;" Matthew, iv. 19. The other two, from 
Jeremiah xiv. 8, 9. were designed to lead people to a religious 
improvement of the throat distemper, which prevailed in 
1735 and 6. He also published an account of that fatal 


* See note in the preceding page. f App. note E. 



in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 51 

as it appeared, in New-Hampshire, for fourteen months 
prior to 26 Jul j, 1736. 

The north Parish, 6 November, 1745, invited Mr. Sam- 
uel Langdon, he having been the grammar school master in 
Portsmouth, to assist Mr. Fitch. It was stipulated that he 

d should have liberty to continue his school, so long as the aged 

M minister should be able to perform the duties of his station, 

J| and then become his successor in office. 

Mr. Langdon was not ordained till 4 February, 1747. 
At this time the number of communicants, in the church 

H committed to his care, exceeded one hundred and sixty. 

r, Being invited to take the oversight of Harvard College, 
his ministry in this town ceased, 9 October, 1774. In 1780, 

I he resigned the presidency of that institution and, once 
more, entered on the milder task of teaching a church of 
Christ. He was installed at Hamptonfalls, 18 January, 1781. 
His extensive knowledge, hospitality, patriotism, and piety 
secured to him, in this calm retreat, the affection and re- 
spect of the people of his charge and of his numerous ac- 
quaintance. He departed this life, 29 November, 1797, 
having nearly completed the 75 year of his age. 

He was a native* of Boston and became a graduate of 
Harvard College, in 1740. He received the degree of doctor 
of divinity from the university of Aberdeen, in Scotland, 
and was a member of the American Academy of Arts and 

The following is a list of the doctor's publications. Possi- 
bly some are omitted. 1. A sermon, from Jeremiah xxiii. 
28, 29, delivered in Greenland, 3 November, 1756, at the or- 
dination of the late reverend Samuel Macclintock, D. D. 2. 
Joy and gratitude to God for the long life of a good king and 
the conquest of Quebec, a thanksgiving sermon, preached at 
Portsmouth, 10 November, 1759, from the 13 first verses of 
Psalm xxi. 3. An impartial examination of Mr. Robert San- 
deman's letters on Theron and Aspasio, printed in 1765. 4. 
A summary of christian faith and practice, drawn up, princi- 
pally, in scripture language, printed in 1768. 5. A sermon, 
from Micah iv. 5. on the coincidence of natural with revealed 

■-:, religion, delivered at the Dudleian lecture, in Cambridge, 1 

November, 1775. 6. A sermon, from 1 Thessalonians, ii. 13, 

* App. note F. 

52 Account of the Religious Societies 

preached in Dublin, New-Hampshire, at the ordination oj 
reverend Edward Sprague, 12 November, 1777. 7. A ser- 
mon, from Ecclesiastes, vii. 1, delivered in Cambridge, 9 May, 
1779, occasioned by the death of professor Winthrop. 8. A 
sermon from Deuteronomy, iv. 5, 6, 7, 8, preached at Con- 
cord, at the annual New-Hampshire election, 5 June, 1788. 
9. Observations on the revelationsof Jesus Christ to saint John. 
8vo. p. 337, printed in 1791. 10. A discourse, from 1 Tim 
othy, iii. 14, 15, delivered in Portsmouth, before the Piscata- 
qua Association, 26 January, 1792. 11. Corrections of some 
great mistakes committed by reverend John Cosens Ogden, 
printed in 1792. 12. Remarks on the leading sentiments 
of reverend doctor Hopkins' system of doctrines, in a letter 
to a friend, printed in April, 1794. In 1761, colonel Joseph 
Blanchard and doctor Langdon, having taken great pains to 
prepare, published a map of New-Hampshire, which they 
inscribed to honourable Charles Townsend, esquire, his 
majesty's secretary at war and one of the privy council. 

The late doctor Stiles* preached his first sermon in the 
north parish, 6 April, 1777, and agreed to remove to Ports- 
mouth and carry on the work of the ministry, for one year, or 
till he should return to his flock in Newport. He, according- 
ly, on the 29 of May following, brought his family to this 
place, and staid till the summer of the next year, when he 
repaired to New-Haven, having been previously chosen presi-l I 
dent of Yale College. From the benefit of his instructions 
and example, and from the acquaintance, which the people 
formed with him, during his continuance here, his name will 
long be mentioned with respect, in this part of the country. 

In 1776, reverend David Macclure, D. D. now settled at 
East Windsor, in Connecticut, had an invitation, which he 
did not accept, to take the pastoral care of this church and 

Reverend Joseph Buckminster, D. D. was ordained, 27 
January, 1779. The baptisms from that time to the present, 
amount to nearly eight hundred, and the admissions into his 
church, in the same period, to seventy-five. From the re-| 
cords of Samuel Penhallow, esquire, who has been clerk of the | 
north church, ever since June, 1757, the number of baptisms, 


* Church records. 

in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 53 

from that date to this, is sixteen hundred and sixty-seven, 
and the admissions one hundred and sixty-one. 

Haines, Fletcher, Keais, and Morse were deacons, in this 

town, at an early period. Since the time of Mr. Rogers the 

following is a list of those, who have filled the office of dea- 

icon in the north church. Captain Tobias Langdon, Samuel 

lHart, Thomas Peirce, Thomas Peirce, son to the former, 

>|Samuel Sherburne, Samuel Penhallow, esquire, William 

Parker, esquire, father of the late bishop Parker of Boston, 

Daniel Lunt, Elisha Hill, Ammi Ruhamah Hall, and Job 

Harris. The two last and deacon Penhallow are still living. 

The plate belonging to this church consists in six cups of 

antique form, dated 1705; a christening bason, dated 1714; 

a tankard, given, in 1764, by Mrs. Mary Gambling, widow 

tojof honourable Benjamin Gambling, esquire ; and two large 

v|flagons, the silver for making which was given by Thomas 

is Wibird, esquire, who died 12 November, 1765, in the 59 

vear of his age.* 


It has already been suggested that a part of the inhabitants 
)f Portsmouth, at the time a majority repaired to the new, or 
iiorth meeting house, in 1713, chose to continue the assem- 
bling of themselves together, for publick worship, at the an- 
ient building near Pickerin's dam. 

Rev. John Emerson was invited, 24 May, 1703,f to set- 
le in the ministry at Newcastle, where he was soon after 
)rdained by reverend messieurs John Cotton, John Pike, 
md John Clark. In 1712, for what reasons the author of 
his work has not been able to ascertain, his pastoral relation 
vas dissolved. Having, for some time, preached in the old 
neeting house, in Portsmouth, he was installed there, 23 
klarch, 1715. Rev. Christopher Toppan,J in presence of 
everend Caleb Cushing and Theophilus Cotton, gave him 
he customary charge. 

Mr. Emerson was a native of Ipswich and received the 
lonours of Harvard College, where he was educated, in 1689. 
il le very providentially escaped || with his life, 27 June, the 



* North parish incorporated 1791. f Newcastle records. 

J Emerson's records. || Belknap's New-Hampshire. 

54 Account of the Religious Societies 

same year, by declining, though strongly urged, to lodge a 
the house of major Waldron, in Dover, on the fatal night 
when the Indians wreaked their vengeance on the unsuspect 
ing inhabitants of that place. He crossed the Atlantick, ir 
1708, spent some time in the city of London, and was hand! 
somely noticed by queen Ann. He died, on the 21 of Junej 
1732, in the 62 year of his age, and was interred in th 
Cotton burial ground. 

The old meeting house was constantly used, during the life 
of Mr. Emerson ; but, soon after his death, was converted int( 
a dwelling house. In 1731, the present south meeting houst 
was built. After it was raised, Mr. Emerson made a praye; 
upon a stage, fixed in the frame for the occasion, and it is stil 
recollected, by the aged, that he particularly gave thanks, thai 
no accident had happened in preparing, and putting the frame 
together. This was the last publick exercise he performed 

During his ministry, in Portsmouth, he baptized seven hun- 
dred and sixty-two, and received into his church one hundrec 
and twenty-four. Forty of these were added in course of i 
year after the great earthquake of 1727. Mr. Emerson toot 
care to cherish a becoming remembrance of that alarming 
providence by preaching an occasional discourse, ever after, or 
the evening of the 29 of October. It is to be regretted thai 
none of his sermons were published, as they would, no doubt 
have done honour to his memory. He is said to have been ar 
agreeable companion and a faithful preacher of the gospel.' 

Rev. William ShurtlefF was ordained at Newcastle, ii 
1712. He was invited, upon the death, to become the sue 
cessor, of Mr. Emerson. He was, accordingly, installed in till 
the south parish of Portsmouth, 21 February, 1733. int 

Mr. ShurtlefTf was a native of Plymouth, in Massachusetts,! E 
and was numbered among the graduates of Harvard Collegers 
in 1707. He left this world for a better, 9 May, 1747. His gra( 
remains, as were those of Mr. Strong, were deposited under lit 
the communion table of his church. No stone has been lien 
erected to his memory. His name, however, will long be|L 
mentioned with respect, for his uncommon meekness and pa- 
tience under great trials, and for distinguished piety as well _ 
as pastoral fidelity. During his ministry in this place, he bap- 
tized more than seven hundred, and admitted one hundred) 

* App. note G. f App. note H. 

in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 55 

atand thirty communicants. He was a great friend and promo- 
ter of the revival of religion, which became so general about 
:t|the time of 1742. In the course of this year, he had sixty- 
irfthree added to his church.* 

il Mr. Shurtleff published, 1. A sermon, from Galatians ii. 

-2, which he preached in the parish of Rye in Newcastle, 14 

tie September, 1726, at the ordination of reverend Nathanael 

Morril. 2. A sermon from Psalm cxvi. 3, 4, 5, delivered at 

ife Newcastle, 1 January, 1727, in commemoration of the suffer- 

atoings, preservation, and deliverance of a company of mariners, 

jsesome years before, shipwrecked on Boon Island ; with an 

eiaddress to hon. John Wentworth, esq. 3. A sermon, from 

tilflRevelations ii. 1, preached at North Hill, in Hampton, 31 

^October, 1739, at the ordination of reverend Nathanael 

ujGookin. 4. A sermon, from Luke xxiii. 42, occasioned by 

eAhe execution of Sarah Simpson and Penelope Kenny, f and 

;n|n the hearing of the former, delivered 27 December, 1739. 

This sermon is preceded by an address to the reader, of 

which Mr. Fitch was the author. 5. A sermon, from Romans 

x. 1, preached in Boston, 18 September, 1741, at a monthly 

evening lecture. 6. An account of the revival of religion at 

D ortsmouth, published in the 22 and 48 numbers of the 

Christian History for 1743. 

After the decease of Mr. Shurtleff, several candidates were 
employed in the South Parish. Of those, who officiated the 
ongest, were Mr. Samuel Moody, the late preceptor of Dum- 
ner Academy ; the late John Phillips, LL. D. the munifi- 
cent founder of the Academy at Exeter ; and reverend Daniel 
ittle, the late esteemed pastor of the church at Kennebunk, 
n the town of Wells. 

Reverend Job Strong was ordained, 28 June, 1749. He 
vas a native of Northampton,! in Massachusetts, and was 
Hi graduated at Yale College, in 1747. It is much to the honour 
]< )f this young Melancthon, that he was one, of the two, par- 
icularly recommended^ by the pious David Brainerd to the 
commissioners at Boston, as a promising character for mis- 



* Shurtleff s records. 

f These were the first executions in the state of New-Hampshire. 

i App. note I. 

§ See Brainerd's Life. 


56 Account of the Religious Societies 

sionary labours among the Indians. Pie sat out for Ohono| 
quaugo* the last of 1747 ; but, having reached Schoharie, he 
was taken unwell, and stopped four days' journey short of the! 
place of destination. However, he spent about six month: 
on this tour, and returned so full of the expectation of future; 
usefulness among the poor natives of the wilderness, that he 
was determined, having put his hand to the plough, not t( 
look back. The people of Portsmouth had heard an excelleni 
account of Mr. Strong, and delegated Matthew Livermore 
and Henry Sherburne, esquires, to Northampton, to invite 
him to this place. Mr. Edwards, supposing him to be raised 
up in providence to water the seed, which Brainerd had suc- 
cessfully sown, was unwilling he should go to Portsmouth 
but upon the express condition, that he should shortly resume 
his missionary labours. The gentlemen, who went after him, 
were obliged to promise Mr. Edwards, that they would not 
use their influence for his establishment in this place. How 
ever, though they kept their word, the people here soon gave 
Mr. Strong an invitation to settle with them. He gave 
negative answer, and went to the commissioners in order to 
receive directions, as to his further services among the abo 
rigines ; but, his health was so impaired, they were fearful of 
his inability for the task, and relinquished their claim to him 
The call at Portsmouth was renewed and accepted ; but the 
people had opportunity to rejoice in his light only for a little 
while. He died after a short and painful illness, on Monday, 
30 September, 1751, at about the age of 27. His baptisms 
were one hundred and four, and his admissions eleven. 

The author of this work has seen no publication from his 
pen, except a letter, preserved in Brainerd's life, addressed 
to his parents, which, in some measure, evinces the piety o 
his heart, and the interest he took in the religious welfare of|[ f 
the poor Indian tribes. 

Reverend Samuel Haven, D. D. the present seniour min-j 
ister of the South Parish in Portsmouth, was ordained, 6 May, 
1752. At the time of his settlement, the church consisted of jug 
two hundred members. The baptisms, from the period of) 1 '' 
doctor Haven's establishment, to 1 January, 1805, amount to! J 

about! ! 

* Information from Rev. Gideon Hawley, who was a missionary also r 
among the Indians. 

in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 57 

ojabout two thousand, and the admissions to two hundred and 
* thirty. 

tk Rev. Timothy Alden, junior, was ordained collegiate pas- 
:k tor, 20 November, 1799. 

The following is a list of those, who have officiated as dea- 
ju cons in this church, so far as can readily be determined. 
t( Richard Shortridge, James Sherburne, captain Mark Lang- 
uor don, Daniel Jackson, Isaac Williams, John Marshall, John 
r e |Noble, Nadab Moses, John Marshall, son of the former of 
■it, that name, Jonathan Locke, and Solomon Cotton. The 
;, c three last are still living. 

The plate belonging to the south church consists in six 

: r(, antient cups, without date ; a christening bason, the fruit of 

2f a bequest, made by captain George Walker, in 1740; and a 

in, tankard given by Mrs. Mary ShurtlefT, widow of the minister 

before mentioned. 

Deacon Noble, who died 19 October, 1801, aged 67, gave 
ithe income of two shares in the Piscataqua bridge to a help- 
ess grand daughter, and, after her decease, to the poor of 
jthe parish forever.* 


About the year 1732, some gentlemen, who were fond of 
:he mode of worship practised in the church of England, con- 
ributed to the erection of a building for the purpose. Mr. 
rhomlinsonf was greatly instrumental in procuring aid in 
England for completing and furnishing it. The consecration 
)f this edifice, which was originally called Queen's chapel, 
)ut now St. John's church, took place in 1734. 

Rev. Arthur Browne, J a native of Drogheda, in Ireland, 
)ecame the first incumbent, in 1736. He was educated § at 
Trinity College in Dublin, and received the degree of master 
f arts, 29 July, 1729. He was ordained by the bishop of 


* The south meeting-house is an important land mark for mariners com- 
ig into Piscataqua harbour. The steeple was struck with lightning, 7 
lay, 1759, and was greatly injured. A particular narrative of the effects 
fas written by doctor Haven, and was published in Fowle's New-Hamp- 
hire Gazette, number 136. It was also struck once before. 

f Belknap's New-Hampshire. | App. note K. 

§ Letter from rev. Asa M'Farland, who obtained the substance of this 
aragraph from Mrs. Roche. 

vol. x. 

58 Account of the Religious Societies 

London for a society in Providence, Rhode-Island, whitheij 
he repaired, and tarried till his removal for this place. He 
spent the remainder of his days, as a missionary, with thej 
episcopal church in Portsmouth, and died, soon after Mrs 
Browne, in 1773, having just entered his 74th year. 

His character is respectfully given in the following quota-i 
tion from a letter* addressed by the bereaved church, 2 July 
1773, to the secretary of the society for propagating the 
gospel in foreign parts. " Good conduct, a most noble anc 
benevolent disposition, excellent preaching, sound doctrines, 
and good oratory were qualifications regularly exhibited anc 
ever conspicuous in our late faithful divine." 

He published, 1. A sermon from Proverbs xxii. 6, deliv- 
ered 27 December, 1739, the day appointed for the execution 
of Penelope Kenny. 2. A sermon from Proverbs xxiv. 21, 
on the folly and perjury of the rebellion in Scotland, preached 
at Portsmouth, 23 February, 1746. 3. A sermon from 
Isaiah i. 20, delivered on the annual fast, 6 May, 1757. 4. 
A sermon, on the doctrine of election, from 1 Peter i. 2, 
preached at Portsmouth, 1757. 5. Remarks on doctor May- 
hevv's Incidental Reflections, by a son of the church of Eng- 
land, printed in 1763, are supposed to have been written by 
Mr. Browne. 

After the death of this gentleman, the episcopal church 
was for many years neglected, having only transient supplies, 

Rev. John Cosens Ogden, a native of New-Jersey, and or- 
dained by bishop Seabury, became his successor, in Decem- 
ber, 1786. He was a preacher of popular talents, but toe 
great a bigot for this age of Catholicism. Some imprudences, 
which were more the fault of his head, than of his heart, oc- 
casioned dissatisfaction in the minds of his people, so that he 
found it expedient to leave them, in 1793. He afterwards, at 
times, showed symptoms of a mental derangement, and is said 
to have died suddenly at Chestertown, Maryland, in 1800.f 

His publications, which the author has seen, are, 1. A ser- 
mon from Nehemiah v. 19, delivered in Concord, New- 
Hampshire, at the annual election, in June, 1790. 2. A ser- 
mon from 1 Corinthians i. 10, preached in Nottingham, 7 
September, 1790, before the Columbian Lodge. 3. Anl 
address delivered at the opening of Mr. Benjamin Dearborn's! 1 


* Church files. t App. note L. 


in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 59 

academy in Portsmouth, on Easter Monday, 1791. 4. Let- 
ters occasioned by the publication of an epistolary correspon- 
dence, which had been carried on between him and the late 
doctor M'Clintock. 

Rev. Joseph Willard, the present rector of Saint John's 
church, was ordained deacon, in the city of New-York, 22 
February, 1795, and priest, on the 24 of the same month, 
by right rev. Samuel Provost, D. D. His baptisms amount 
to nearly four hundred. 

Many valuable donations have in times past been made to 
this church, which, from one cause and another, have been 
lost. The plate, at present belonging to it, consists in two 
large flagons, a christening bason, a cup, and a salver, with 
the royal stamp, said to have been presented by the queen 
of England, at an early period of the church, in honour of 
whom it was called, originally, Queen's Chapel ; and a cup 
given by captain Christopher Rymes, in 1736. 

The late Theodore Atkinson, esquire, gave two hundred 
pounds sterling, the interest of which is laid out in bread, 
which is distributed, every sabbath, among the poor of the 
church, agreeably to an article in his will. 

An elegantly printed bible, from the Clarendon press, was 
presented, in 1793, by Arthur Browne,* esquire, representa- 
tive in parliament for the university of Dublin, in Ireland, to 
this church, in token of his affection and respect for a con- 
gregation of which his grandfather was formerly pastor. 

An elegant marble baptismal vase stands by the altar with 
a brazen cover, upon which is the following inscription, said 
to have been written by Wiseman Clagett, esquire, viz. 
" Sara, Catharina, et Anna Elizabetha, Johannis Tufton Ma- 
son cohortis structoris filise ornatissimae hoc baptistorium, ex 
Gallicis manubiis apud Sinegalliam, sub auspiciis predicti 
Johannis acquisitum, ecclesiae Anglicanae apud Portsmouth 
in provincial, vulgo vocata New-Hampshire, liberaliter con- 
tulerunt Anno Domini, 1761, et vicesimo sexto praedi^a- 
tionis Arthuri Browne, Wiseman Clagett, et Samuel Liyer- 
more ecclesiae procuratoribus." 



* Arthur Browne, LL. D. late fellow of Trinity College, Dublin, and 
king's professor of Greek, was a son of rev. Marmaduke Browne of New- 
port. [1807.] See Literary Miscellany. 

60 Account of the Religious Societies 



In 1757, a number of persons, of both sexes, withdrew 
from the congregational churches in this town. They stated* 
that, in their opinion, the Cambridge platform for discipline 
and the New-England confession of faith for doctrine ought 
to be followed, as being agreeable to God's word, and estab- 
lished by authority. 

In 1758, the foundation of a third congregational society 
was laid, and, in November, 1760, land was purchased for 
building a meeting-house, f which was so far completed as to 
be opened by the 17 of May, 1761. The principal people 
concerned, in the formation of this society, were Joseph Cot- 
ton, John Elliot, Abraham Elliot, Perkins Ayers, Ebenezer 
Jose, of the church, and Benjamin Mackay of the congrega- 
tion. The church was embodied 14 October, 1758, being 
assisted by the reverend messieurs John Palmer and Paul 
Parks, the former of whom occasionally visited this new 
church, and administered the ordinances till the time of Mr. 
Drown's settlement. 

Reverend Samuel Drown, a native of Bristol, Rhode- 
Island, was ordained 2 November, 1761, by reverend Alex- 
ander Miller of Plainfield, Paul Parks of Preston, and John 
Palmer of Windham, Connecticut. He was principally dis- 
tinguished by an honest sincerity and zeal in the Redeem- 
er's cause. He was beloved by his people, and laboured 
among them in the work of the ministry till his death, which 
took place, in his 50 year, 17 January, 1770. The baptisms 
in this church, at the time of his decease, had amounted to 
eighty-one, and the communicants to seventy-six. Of these 
sixteen were received in 1764. 

After the death of Mr. Drown, reverend Joseph Marshall, 
of Canterbury in Connecticut, had an invitation to become 
his successor ; but he declined on account of some domes- 
tick afflictions. 

In 1779, reverend Curtis Coe, now of Durham, having 
received a call from this church, answered in the affirmative ; 


* Letter from the aggrieved, preserved among doctor Haven's records, 
t App. note M. 

in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 61 

;\;and the day for ordination was appointed. The council was 
convened, but did not agree, to the disappointment of the 
■people, and Mr. Coe withdrew. 

Reverend Joseph Walton, the present pastor of this church, 

: 1 became a ruling elder in 1777. He used to read and expound 
the scriptures, on the sabbath, while without a minister, till, 

jfljat length, the church invited him into the pulpit. His per- 
formances were so acceptable that he received an invitation 
to take the pastoral oversight of the flock, and was ordained 

■7 by his church, 22 September, 1789, without other assistance. 
His baptisms are seventy, and admissions thirty-four. Fifty- 

:; seven were baptized by various ministers, in the interval, 
previous to his settlement. 

The Cambridge platform, with a few exceptions, was 

adopted at the first formation of this society. Accordingly, 
the following, at sundry times, have been chosen, and have 
■officiated, as ruling elders, viz. Joseph Cotton, John Elliot, 
who afterwards became a Sandemanian, Theodore Moses, 
s George Jerry Osborne, and Anthony Langford, the two last 
living ; and the following, as deacons, viz. Abraham Elliot, 
Perkins Ayers, Samuel Bowles, Samuel Drown, son of the 
"ormer pastor, and James Day, the two last of whom are 
still living.* 


Mr. Robert Sandemanf came to this country about the 
year 1764. His peculiar tenets attracted the attention of 
nany, and gave rise to a new denomination in the christian 
world. Several societies were soon formed, which are call- 
ed by his name. The most of them, however, are reduced 
.o a small number of members. One of these societies was 
brmed in Portsmouth. A building was erected, for a place 
:>f publick worship, which stood on Pleasant-street, nigh 
he spot where, since its demolishment, colonel Thomas 
Thompson has built his dwelling-house. Daniel Humphreys, 
jsquire, has statedly officiated, for a number of years, as a 
eacher to this little flock. 


* The author is indebted for a considerable part of the information 
elative to the independent congregational society, to rev. Mr. Walton. 
t App. note N. 

62 Account of the Religious Societies 


The first formation of a society of universalists, in Ports 
mouth, was about the year 1780. Regular meetings com 
menced in 1782, and, in two years after, Mr. Noah Parke 
began his ministrations, which continued till his death, 111 
August, 1787. From this period, the supplies of the pulpii 
were only occasional, till 1794, when reverend George 
Richards received an invitation to settle here, which he ac- 
cepted, and was ordained, in July, 1799. 

The meeting-house was built, in 1784, under the super 
intendence of the honourable George Atkinson, Jeremiar 
Libbey, and Jacob Treadwell, esquires. Mr. Atkinson was 
a liberal benefactor. At present no church is formed. Chil- 
dren are received by dedication and prayer, but water is nol 
used, unless their parents conscientiously request it. Up 
wards of a hundred have passed this form since the estab- 
lishment of Mr. Richards in this place.* 


In September, 1802, a baptist society was formed in Ports 
mouth, by the instrumentality of elder Elias Smith. The 
church, which was first gathered in March, 1803, consists, 
at present, of one hundred and seventy-five members, 
twenty-four of whom belong to other towns 


At a certain period, while there was but one religious so- 
ciety in Portsmouth, there was an attempt to form a parish '' 
at the Plains, two miles from the state-house. A building ' 5I 
was erected, in which there was occasional preaching, till I 1 
about the middle of the last century, when it was taken 
down. ii 


App. note O. Intelligence from reverend Mr. Richards. j/, 

I si 

l \ 

in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 63 


The following notes, connected with a work necessarily 
^'comprising many minutiae, may not, perhaps, be unaccepta- 
.' ble to the readers of the Historical Collections. 

Note A. 

Twelve acres of the glebe were within the present town 
.. "plat, abutting, forty-four poles, upon Pleasant and Court 




streets, and extending to the westward, 

The parsonage house is said to have stood upon the spot, 
where the late doctor Langdon erected his dwelling-house, 
now owned by honourable John Goddard, esquire. 

The building, which, in 1640, was called a chapel, appears 
ever after to have been called a meeting-house, when any 
thing was said about it. 

The late Mr. Ogden supposed, from the manner in which 
the instrument of conveyance was worded, that the original 
donors of the glebe designed their gift for the support of the 
episcopalian mode of worship. His intemperate publication 
on the subject, in 1791, drew forth a reply from doctor Lang- 
'.". don, which gives a rational statement of the matter. It was 
while the inhabitants of Portsmouth were under a govern- 
ment of their own fabrication, in 1640, that they made a 
rant of fifty acres of land for a parsonage, in the words of 
doctor Langdon, "With a general pious design, that the ad- 
vantages of publick religious worship might be enjoyed among 
them, as they had endeavoured to form a civil government. 
But in the first beginnings of their government, they had no 
aws to render votes of town-meetings valid, with respect to 
property ; nor any forms of conveyance of any kind, but such 
as were taken from the laws of England. Therefore, the 
nhabitants thought it necessary to confirm their vote of a par- 
sonage by a legal deed, and no other forms existed, but such 
is were peculiarly accommodated to the church of England. 
Accordingly, they drew a deed in the best manner they were 
ble, which was signed and authenticated by the governour 
nd some [nineteen] of the inhabitants, and in which several 
ppropriate church terms were unavoidably used. But, that 
they might secure to themselves the sole management and 


64 Account of the Religious Societies 

benefits of this parsonage, they expressly reserved in the dee 
the right of presentation, that is, of patronage ; by whic 
reservation, they had a right to chuse and induct whateve 
ministers they pleased, and consequently to worship in an 
form which they should think best." 

In the deed, alluded to, fifty acres of land for a glebe ar< 
granted to "Thomas Walford and Henry Sherburne, chura 
wardens, and their successors forever, as feoffees in trust.' 
Hence, officers under this name were appointed from time t< 
time in the antient congregational society of Portsmouth 
and although, when the society was at length divided int< 
two, the one retained the glebe, the other as well, as that 
followed the practice, and does to this day, of chusing, annu 
ally, three or four wardens. 

Note B. 

William Moodey had three sons, Samuel, Joshua, anc 
Caleb, who, according to tradition, were born in England 
Mr. Moody of Arundel is a descendant from Samuel, anc 
those in York, district of Maine, of this name, from Caleb. 4 

The pear trees were, not long since, standing in New T bury 
which Joshua Moodey engrafted while an undergraduate.* 

Nothing very satisfactory has been ascertained as to the 
names or the number of reverend Joshua Moodey's children. 

He had one daughter, who married Pike, several oi 

whose children were baptized by their grandfather. Rev 
Jonathan Russell of Barnstable, grandfather of the late 
Eleazar Russell, esquire, of Portsmouth, married another 
daughter. It is presumed that Samuel Moodey, who was a 
temporary preacher at Newcastle, prior to the settlement ol 
Mr. Emerson, and who, in 1705, was an inhabitant of Boston, 
was his son. 

After this compilation was finished, the author received a 
letter from rev. William Bentley of Salem, from which the 
following extract is subjoined, as exhibiting an honourable 
testimony to the manly independence and benevolent dispo 
sition of Mr. Moodey. 

" In the times of the witchcraft in Salem village, no per 
son, distinguished for property, and known in the commer- 

* Rev. Silas Moody's letter to the author. 

in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire, 65 

cial world, was accused but Philip English. He came young 
into America from the island of Jersey, lived in the family of 
Mr. Hollingworth, a rich inhabitant of Salem, and afterwards 
married his only daughter and child, Susanna. The wife 
J had received a better education, than is common even at this 
1 day, as proofs, I hold, sufficiently discover." 

" From some prejudices, as early as 21 April, 1692, she 

was accused of witchcraft, examined, and committed to 

prison in Salem. Her firmness is memorable. Six weeks 

she was confined ; but, being visited by a fond husband, her 

.husband was also accused and confined in the same prison. 

J By the intercession of friends, and by a plea that the prison 

' was crowded, they were removed to Arnold's gaol in Boston 

itili the time of trial." 

" In Boston, upon giving bail, they had the liberty of the 
«town, only lodging in prison. Upon their arrival Messrs. 
•Willard and Moodey visited them, and discovered every dis- 
position to console them in their distress. On the day before 
ajthey were to return to Salem for trial, Mr. Moodey waited 
upon them in the prison, and invited them to the publick 
•^worship. On the occasion he chose for the text, if they 


tithe discourse with a manly freedom he justified every at- 
tempt to escape from the forms of justice, when justice was 
Cviolated in them. After service Mr. Moodey visited the pris- 
feloners in the gaol, and asked Mr. English whether he took 
>inotice of his discourse ? Mr. English said he did not know 
•• whether he had applied it as he ought, and wished some con- 
iljversation upon the subject. Mr. Moodey then frankly told 
il liim that his life was in danger, and he ought by all means to 
ibrovide for an escape. Many, said he, have suffered. Mr. 
English then replied, God will not suffer them to hurt me. 
jiJpon this reply, Mrs. English said to her husband, do you 
liot think that they, who have suffered already, are innocent ? 
3e said, yes. Why then may not we suffer also ? Take 
Mr. Moodey's advice. Mr. Moodey then told Mr. English 
what, if he would not carry his wife away, he would. He 
hen informed him that he had persuaded several worthy per- 
ons in Boston to make provision for their conveyance out of 
he colony, and that a conveyance had been obtained, encour- 

VOL. X. 

66 Account of the Religious Societies 

aged by the governour, gaoler, &.c. which would come at 
midnight, and that proper recommendations had been ob- 
tained to governour Fletcher of New-York, so that he might 
give himself no concern about any one circumstance of the 
journey ; that all things were amply provided. The gover-i 
nour also gave letters to governour Fletcher, and, at the timei 
appointed, Mr. English, his wife, and daughter were taken 
and conveyed to New-York. He found before his arrival, 
that Mr. Moodey had dispatched letters, and the governour, 
with many private gentlemen, came out to meet him ; and 
the governour entertained him at his own house, and paid 
him every attention while he remained in the city. On the 
next year he returned." 

" In all this business, Mr. Moodey openly justified Mr. 
English, and, in defiance of all the prejudices which prevailed, 
expressed his abhorrence of the measures, which had 
obliged a useful citizen to flee from the executioners. Mr. 
Moodey was commended by all discerning men, but he felt 
the angry resentment of the deluded multitude of his own 
times, among whom some of high rank were included. He 
soon after left Boston and returned to Portsmouth." 

" Mrs. English died in 1694, at 42 years of age, in conse- 
quence of the ungenerous treatment she had received. Her 
husband died at 84 years of age, in 1734." 

" This is the substance of the communication made to me 
at different times from madam Susanna Harthorne, his great- 
granddaughter, who died in Salem 28 August, 1802, at the 
age of 80 years, who received the account from the descend- 
ants of Mr. English, who dwelt upon his obligations to Mr. 
Moodey with great pleasure." 

Note C. 

In the early settlement of this part of the country, such 
was the attention to the preached word, women used fre- 
quently to walk from Greenland to Portsmouth, six or eight 
miles, in order to attend publick worship. 

Note D. 

At the ordination of Mr. Rogers, reverend William Hub- 
bard of Ipswich gave the pastoral charge, Mr. Pike of Dover 


in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 67 

the right hand of fellowship, Mr. Payson of Rowley began, 
and Mr. Cotton of Hampton concluded* the service of the 
day with prayer. 

The Mr. Rogersf of Portsmouth was one of the sons of 
John Rogers,! a physician by profession, but occasionally a 
preacher, who, in 1682, became the president of Harvard 
College. He was therefore a grandson of the Nathanael 
Rogers, who came to New-England in 1636, and settled at 
Ipswich. The Nathanael last mentioned was son^ of the 
celebrated John Rogers, of Dedham, in England, who was 
a grandson of John Rogers, the first martyr in queen Mary's 

i reign. In other words, the grandfather of Mr. Rogers of 
Portsmouth was a great-grandson of him, who nobly suffered 
at the stake in Smithfield, 4 February, 1555. 

Mr. Rogers of Portsmouth married Sarah Purkiss. Her 

I mother was originally a Pemberton, and living in her second 

widowhood, then of the name Elatson, in the family of Mr. 

; Rogers, in 1704, when the antient parsonage was burnt, she 

; was so scorched, as to survive only a few weeks. At the 

i same time an infant child of Mr. Rogers, and a negro woman, 

likewise perished. 

The following is a list of the children of reverend Nathanael 
and Sarah Rogers. 1 . Honourable Nathanael Rogers, esquire, 
physician, whose wife was the widow Rymes, but originally 
Dorothy Sherburne, and whose only child is honourable judge 
Rogers of Exeter. 2. Sarah, the wife of reverend Joshua 
Gee of Boston. 3. Elizabeth, who lost her life in the flames, 
as before suggested, at the age of seventeen months. 4. 
George, a merchant, who married Lydia, a sister of gover- 
nour Hutchinson. 5. Elizabeth, the wife of reverend John 
Taylor of Milton. 6. Mary, the wife of Matthew Liver- 
more, || esquire, of Portsmouth. 7. John, who died at the 
age of five years. 8. Daniel, an apothecary in Portsmouth, 
who married Mehetabel Rindge. 9. Margaret, who died at 
the age of twenty-two, unmarried. 


* Records left by Rogers. f Letter from Mr. Frisbie. 

I President Leverett married a daughter of president Rogers. 
§ See Magnalia. 

|| Mrs. Greenwood, his daughter, helped the author to this list of Mr. 
Rogers' children. 


68 Account of the Religious Societies. 

Note E. 

Mr. Fitch married Elizabeth Appleton, daughter of colo 
nel John Appleton of Ipswich and sister of the late reverend 
doctor Appleton of Cambridge. These are their children. 1. 
Elizabeth, who was the wife of John Wibird, esquire. The 
late reverend Anthony Wibird of Quincy was their son. 2. 
Margaret, who was the wife of a son of reverend Henry 
Gibbs of Watertown. 3. Mary, who was the wife of Francis 
Cabot, esquire, of Salem. 4. Ann, who was the first wife 
of reverend Nathanael Gookin of North-Hampton. 5. John, 
who was graduated, at Harvard College, in 1728, studied 
physick with doctor Nathanael Sargent of Hampton, and 
died in early life. 

Two brothers,* Thomas and James Fitch, or in the antient 
w T ay of writing the name, Fytche, came from Bocking in the 
county of Essex, England, to America, in 1638. Thomas 
settled at Norwalk, in Connecticut, and was the father of 
Thomas Fitch, the governour of the state. The history of 
reverend James Fitch is handsomely given in his epitaph, as 
may be seen at Lebanon, in Connecticut, and is here added. 

" In hoc sepulchro depositee sunt reliquse viri vere reveren- 
di domini Jacobi Fitch, D. D. Natus fuit apud Bocking in 
comitatu Essexise in Anglia Anno Domini, 1622, decembris 
24 ; qui postquam Unguis et literis optime institutus fuisset, 
in Nov-Angliam venit, setatis 16, et deinde vitam degit Har- 
fordice per septennium sub institutione virorum celeberrimo- 
rum domini Hooker et domini Stone. Postea munere pasto- 
rali functus est apud Saybrook per annos 14. Illinc, cum 
ecclesiae majori parte Norvicem migravit et ibi Cceteros vitae 
annos transegit in opere evangelico. In senectute vero prse 
corporis infirmitate necessario cessabat ab opere publico; 
tandemque recessit liberis apud Lebanon, ubi, semi-anno 
fere exacto, obdormivit in Jesu, anno 1702, novembris 18, 
aetatis suae 80 ; vir ingenii acumine, pondere judicii, pru- 
dentia, charitate sancta, laboribus, et omni moda vitae sancti- 
tate, peritia quoque, et vi concionandi nulli secundus." t 


* Extracted from a letter to the author, dated 28 February, 1803, ||1 
written by reverend Ebenezer Fitch, D. D. president of Williams Col- ||g| 

f Supposed to have been written by Mr. Fitch of Portsmouth. 

in Portsmouth, New-Hampshire. 69 

This Mr. Fitch married for his first wife Abigail Whitfield, 
a daughter of reverend Henry Whitfield of Guilford, Connec- 
ticut, of whom some account is given in Magnalia. Their 
children were James, Abigail, Elizabeth, Hannah, Samuel, 
and Dorothy. Reverend James Fitch married for his second 
wife Priscilla, a daughter of major John Mason of Norwich. 
Their children were Daniel, John, Jeremiah, Jabez, Ann, 
Nathanael, Joseph, and Eleazer. These fourteen, except 
the last, lived to have families of children, from whom a nu- 
merous progeny has descended. 

Note F. 

At the ordination of Mr. Langdon, reverend Mr. Cotton 
of Hampton begun with prayer, Mr. Shurtleff gave the 
charge, and Mr. Adams of Newington gave the right hand 
of fellowship and concluded with prayer. 

Doctor Langdon married Elizabeth Brown, a daughter of 
.'• reverend Richard Brown of Reading, in Massachusetts, by 
whom he had nine children, four of them died in infancy. 
The other five arrived at mature age and had families. 1. 
Samuel, who is not living. 2. Paul, a graduate of Harvard 
College in 1770. 5. Richard. 4. Elizabeth, the present 
wife of the honourable David Sewall, esquire, of York. 5. 
Mary, the present wife of the honourable John Goddard, esq. 
of Portsmouth. 

Note G. 

Mr. Emerson married Mary Barter of Salem, by whom he 
had the following children, who survived their father. 1. Ma- 
ry, who was the wife of Francis Winkley, of Kittery. 2. Eli- 
zabeth, who was never married. 3. Ann, who was the wife 
of captain Stephen Greenleaf, of Portsmouth. 4. Sarah, who 

was the wife of Davis, of Portsmouth. 5. Dorothy, 

who was the wife of Elihu Gunnison, esquire, of Kittery. 6. 

Martha, who was the wife of Flint, of Plastow. There 

were several others, who died young. 

Note H. 

Mr. Shurtleff married Mary Atkinson, a sister of the late 

Theodore Atkinson, esquire. Several anecdotes are related 

of this lady, from which it seems that she was not that amia ble 

nd endearing bosom friend, which so good a man deserves. 


70 Account of the Religious Societies 

Mr. Shurtleff had no children, but many brothers and sis- 
ters, the following of whom lived to mature age, viz. Jabez, 
Thomas, Ichabod, John, Barnabas, Samuel, Nathanael, Su- 
sanna, Sarah, and Abigail. He was the second son and was 
named for his father, who, in advanced age, removed to that 
part of Plympton now called Carver. His mother was a 
daughter of Barnabas Lothrop, who was a son of reverend 
John Lothrop of Barnstable. 

The name of reverend Mr. ShurtlefPs grandfather was Wil- 
liam also. He lived in Marshfield and was killed with light- 
ning,* in 1666. The tradition is that he was endeavouring 
to comfort his wife, who was much terrified at the severity of 
the tempest, and had just taken an infant from her arms and 
was seated, having one child between his knees and the other 
two in his lap; yet the flash of lightning, which killed him, 
did neither of them nor his w 7 ife any injury. 

Note I. 

Rev. Jonathan Edwards preached a sermon from John xiii. 
15, 16, at the ordination of Mr. Strong, which was printed. 
Rev. messieurs Jeremiah Wise of Berwick, Joseph Adams 
of Newington, John Rogers of Kittery, Samuel Chandler of 
York, and Samuel Langdon of Portsmouth were also of his || JD( 

Mr. Strong married Abigail Gilman, daughter of colonel 
Peter Gilman, of Exeter, 6 December, 1750. His infant, 
whom he named Nathanael, prematurely born, died, and was 
buried, 28 September, 1751. He preached on the following 
day, which was the sabbath, from these words, " Though I 
walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear 
no evil." He was seized with the bilious colick between 
meetings, and on Monday, departed this life for a better, 
greatly lamented. L 

Note K. jh 

Mr. Browne was a son of rev. John Browne, who removed [ij, 1 
from Scotland to Ireland. He married Mary Cox, a daugh- 
ter of rev. Thomas Cox, D. D. of Drogheda, by whom he | 


* This part is mentioned in New-England's Memorial, though not 
so minutely as some of his descendants, at Plymouth, have related to the 

in Portsmouth, New- Hampshire. 71 

had nine children, viz. 1. Thomas, who was born in Dublin, 
in 1728, and died at Portsmouth. 2. Marmaduke, who was 
born in Providence, was educated at Trinity College in Dub- 
lin, was ordained by the bishop of London, and settled at 
Newport, Rhode-Island, where he ended his days. 3. Lucy, 
whom Mr. Smith, a British officer married. 4. Jane, whom 
the late honourable Samuel Livermore, esquire, married. 5. 
Mary, whom reverend Mr. Sargeant, formerly of Cambridge, 
married. The three last were born in Providence, the follow- 
ing at Portsmouth. 6. Ann, whom Mr. Saint Loe, a Brit- 
ish officer, married. 7. Elizabeth, who was first the wife of 
major Robert Rogers, but now of captain Roche at Concord, 
New-Hampshire. 8. Arthur. 9. Peter. 

Note L. 
Mr. Ogden married Mary Wooster, the only daughter of 
the late general Wooster, by whom he had three children, viz. 
Mary, David, and Aaron, the second of whom is not living. 

Note M. 
This meeting house was built at Durham Point, where it 
was the place of publick worship in the days of rev. Hugo 
Adams. It was taken apart to be brought to Portsmouth, 
.and was originally about fifty by forty feet ; but, in 1767, was 
.engthened by the insertion of twenty feet. Both the other 
bongregational churches as well as the episcopal, were en- 
larged, in 1761. 

Note N. 
Mr. Sandeman's epitaph, as may be seen at Danbury, in 
Connecticut. " Here lies, until the resurrection, the body 
pf Robert Sandeman, a native of Perth, Northbritain, who, 

n the face of continual opposition from all sorts of men, long 
iind boldly contended for the antient faith, that the bare work 

)f Jesus Christ, without a deed or thought, on the part of 

nan, is sufficient to present the chief of sinners spotless be- 
fore God. To declare this blessed truth, as testified in the 
|noly scriptures, he left his country, he left his friends, and 
Ifter much patient sufferings, finished his labours at Dan- 

>ury, 2 April, 1771, aged 53 years." 

" Deign, Christ, to come so nigh to us, 

As not to count it shame, 
To call us brethren. Shall we blujh 

At aught, that bears his name 1 Nay, 

72 Topographical Description of Brewster. 

Nay, let us boast in his reproach, 

And glory- in his cross. 
When he appears one smile from him 

Shall far o'erpay our loss." 

Note O. 

Reverend Mr. Murray, now of Boston, first preached th 
doctrine of universal salvation, in Portsmouth, about the 
commencement of the revolutionary war. 

In 1790, a general convention of the universal societies 
met at Philadelphia and published articles of faith and a plan 
of church government. A general convention, of this de 
nomination in the New-England states, assembled, 1794, i| 
Massachusetts, and has continued to hold an annual meet- 
ing, in September, ever since, when from thirty to forty so- 
cieties are usually represented. 

Rev. John Eliot, D. D. Cor. Sec. Mass. His. Society. 

A Topographical Description of Brewster, in the 
County of Barnstable. January, 1806. By Rev.| 
John Simpkins. 

BREWSTER is a township on Cape-Cod, situated S. E. 
and by S. from Boston, from which it is distant by wa- 
ter 23 leagues, and 84 miles by land, according to the cir- 
cuitous route usually travelled before the erection of the 
several turnpikes recently formed, which shorten the distance 
from Plymouth to Boston. 

Harwich, the town to which it formerly belonged, was in- 
corporated Sept. 14th, A. D. 1694. The first church in 
Harwich was gathered A. D. 1700. The meeting-house 
stood about half a mile from the north shore. Another 
parish was formed in the south part of the town, and incor- 
porated as the second south parish, 1747.* The 

* The Act of the Legislature, incorporating the town of Harwich, states, 
that it comprizes " the inhabitants settled on a tract of land called 
Satucket, from the head of Bound Brook to the head of Mamskclcct, being 
about 10 miles in length, and 7 in breadth extending from sea to sea." The 
two Indian names here mentioned are in very common use at the present 

Topographical Description of Brewster, 13 

The first, or North Parish, (excepting a few remonstrants 
against a division of the town, who had liberty to belong 
either to Harwich or Brewster) was incorporated as a town, 
Feb. 19th, 1803, and took the name of Brewster, in hon- 
ourable remembrance of elder Brewster, one of the principal 
characters among the first settlers of Plymouth colony, who 
was justly held in high repute for his wisdom and virtues, by 
:le ! the venerable fathers of New-England. 

It is bounded E. by Orleans ; 8. by Harwich ; W. by 
' Dennis ; N. by Barnstable bay. It is about 8 miles in 
length. Its breadth is various; the average maybe about 
3| miles. It holds a central situation in regard to the Cape, 
being about 36 miles from Provincetown at the lower end, 
the same distance from Falmputh the S. W. extremity, and 
25 miles from Sandwich at the upper end. 

The face of the country is diversified by a mixture of hilly 
and level land. In travelling the county road that runs through 
the town, you pass over several eminences which afford a 
pleasant and extensive view of the town. The eye, passing 
over the lands at the northward of the road, beholds the wa- 
ters of the Atlantick ocean rolling into the Bay, and is present- 
! ed with the form of the Cape, as it bends round to Province- 
\ town. A very sudden curvature commences three or four 
miles below Brewster, where the Cape becomes so narrow as 
to give the traveller a fair prospect of the waters on either 
' side, and enables him to discern, at one view, vessels that are 
: passing round the Cape, and those which are sailing up the 


• day, and familiarly appropriated by the inhabitants, the former to the west, 
and the latter to the east, part of the town of Brewster. 

The following sketch, selected from the report of a viewing committee 
appointed by the Legislature to repair to Harwich, in 1801, gives a pretty 
clear view of the local situation of the two parishes. " It extends across 
■ the Cape from shore to shore, and is divided into two parishes by a line 
running E. and W. very nearly through the centre of the town. The com- 
mittee, in viewing the town, found that a very great proportion of the inhabit- 
1 ants have placed themselves down very near the north and south shores ; par- 
i ticularly those in the North Parish. They found that on the line of separa- 
tion of the parishes, there is a chain of narrow ponds, extending probably 
; S two-thirds of the whole length of the line, and on each side of these ponds, 
I and nearly the whole length of the town, is an extent of unsettled and un- 
cultivated poor land, consisting mostly of pitch pines and shrub oaks, 

vol. x. L 

74 Topographical Description of Brewster 

Bay. This curvature, which, at the point above mentioned, 
may be considered as the inner side of the elbow of the Cape, 
throws also into view to the inhabitants of Brewster the 
meeting-house, and other buildings in Eastham, at a distance 
of eight and ten miles ; and at certain seasons, the reflec- 
tion of the sun upon the windows of the houses in Well- 
fleet and Truro is discernible by the naked eye, at a distance 
of eighteen miles and upwards on the county road. 

In or near the centre, as it respects the east and west boun 
daries of the town, is erected on a gentle rise of ground a 
convenient house for public worship ; which, being enlarged 
A. D. 1796, is 72 feet by 45. It is a wooden building, but 
handsomely painted and ornamented, with a well propor 
tioned tower and steeple at the west end, which rises to the 
height of 1 10 feet. 

In 1799, Lombardy poplars were planted at a convenient 
distance in front, and at each end of this building, which, 
with a grove of willows in a bottom adjacent, and several 
thriving orchards in the vicinity, give to this spot a very rural 
aspect, agreeably enlivened by a water prospect. 

From the meeting-house to the western bounds, and north hert 
of the county road, the land is for the most part either of a 
clayey or heavy loamy soil, capable of a high state of cultiva- 
tion, and may be called the good land. This excepted, there 
is comparatively but little land in the town suitable for upland 
mowing. Upon passing to the southward of the county road, 
and especially to the eastward of the meeting-house, the soil 
rapidly depreciates, and becomes in general thin and sandy, 
though in some parts tolerably adapted to tillage. During 
the revolutionary war betwixt Great-Britain and America, 
lands of this description received great, and in some instances 
irreparable injury. Interrupted in their maritime pursuits, 
and deprived of employment in the fisheries, many of the in- 
habitants w r ere compelled to resort to the land for subsistence. 
They were driven by necessity from year to year to diminish 
the value of their lands by severe tillage, breaking up a largefcow 
quantity at a time, giving it little or no manure, until a soil, narr 
naturally free for grain, became reduced to the extreme offot, 
poverty. In some parts of the Cape, which lie open to the 
full rake of the north and north-west winds, the sands beinglf 
once set in motion, have rapidly encroached on the adjoining' 












Topographical Description of Brewster. lb 

territory, cutting away or burying up the soil, and spreading 
devastation over acres of once valuable land. This has been 
largely experienced in Eastham, a neighbouring town, and 
has been in some degree witnessed in this place. But even 
land thus destroyed is capable of being made conducive to 
the support of cattle in grazing, by setting out beach grass, 
which speedily takes root in the sand, and, if enclosed for a 
time, forms at length a firm and compact covering, and serves 
as an effectual barrier against further encroachments. 

Lands, which have been greatly impoverished, though not 
completely destroyed, by means above mentioned, have since 
been greatly recruited by the hand of cultivation. Experience 
has taught the inhabitants to adopt a different mode of hus- 
bandry. Less land and less is broken up, and more plenti- 
fully manured, and the cultivator reaps his reward in a crop 
proportionably liberal. Some valuable improvements have of 
ate been made in the cultivation of low swampy lands, which 
form the best resource for grass, not being so liable to suffer by 
droughts, by which our upland is sometimes severely affected. 

More attention is also now paid to orchards, which had 
heretofore been greatly neglected. Twelve or fifteen years 
ago, about the time the writer commenced his residence here, 
the idea seemed to be generally prevalent, that the most must 
re be made of the orchards which remained, as the attempt to 
*aise others would be fruitless. The attempt however was 
nade, and has abundantly succeeded. In April, 1793, about 
sixty apple trees were set out, and have flourished beyond the 
nost sanguine expectations, producing plentifully fruit both 
arge and fair. Since that time several other orchards have 
irisen ; and in general a young man, who erects a dwelling- 
louse, if he have a sufficiency of land, thinks as much of set- 
ing out an orchard, as of laying out a garden. It is judged 
expedient, however, to break the force of the sea breezes by 

border of trees. 

Sea-weed, which not long since was almost neglected, is 
iow diligently collected by the farmer, and carted into the 
jarn-yard, to be trampled by cattle, or thrown into heaps to 
ot, by which means much valuable manure is made. Some- 
imes it is carted from the shore to be spread over the surface 
f the land, and turned under the furrow by the plough. 

It is asserted in Dr. Morse's Geography, that " there are 


76 Topographical Description of Brewster. 


few or no stones below Barnstable." This is an errour ; as 
no small portion of the land in this town is enclosed or fenced 
by stone wall. 

From eighty to ninety tons of English hay are cut in this 
place, which is a much greater quantity than was formerly 
made here, and the quantity is annually increasing, as more 
land is sown with grass seeds, and better cultivated. But the 
inhabitants depend chiefly on fresh meadow and salt hay for 
fodder. Considerable quantities of Indian corn and rye are 
raised, but not sufficient of the former for the consumption of 
the inhabitants. 

The wood land is for the most part owned by a few indi- 
viduals, which, with the general scarcity of the article, the 
distance of conveyance, and the high price of labour, has 
raised it to seven dollars per cord for oak, six dollars for pine. 
The scarcity of fuel, however, is at length happily remedied 
by the discovery of peat, which greatly abounds in swamps, 
that are liberally interspersed throughout the town. Several 
families make use of it in some degree the present winter ; 
but it is expected that large quantities will be dug up another lior 
season, and those in needy circumstances relieved from all i 
apprehensions of being distressed through want of fuel. 

Of ponds there is no scarcity. There is in the south-west 
part of the town, a chain of ponds, about %\ miles in length, Ad 
and on an average about \ of a mile in breadth, which give 
birth to a considerable stream, that affords a never failing sup- I 
ply of water to a grist-mill and fulling-mill, which are nearly | 
opposite to each other, contiguous to the county road, about 
two miles west of the meeting-house, and one from the sea. 
In the months of April and May, ale wives make their way 
up this stream into the mill-pond. 

Another chain of ponds, about 3§ miles in length, run near- 
ly east and west, and form no inconsiderable part of the line itd 
that divides Brewster from Harwich, the line of division pass- 
ing through the centre of these ponds. Other ponds are, re 
Pine pond, the Slough pond, Wing pond, White pond, Fos- 
ter's pond, Sheep pond, Baker's pond,Clift pond, Myrick's and 
Freeman's pond, &c. In some ponds and springs are found 
excellent eels. The flats extend about one mile into the sea.|tiy 
A middling course of tides gives about eight feet of water at 
full sea. There is no harbour, but the town lies open to the 


Topographical Description of Brewster. 11 

full swell of the sea in Barnstable bay, except that it is in 

some measure broken by a bar, which borders upon the flats 

lone mile from the shore. It is supposed by judicious per- 

5 sons, that a convenient shelter might be formed for vessels 

v by erecting a pier at the expense of about $10,000, and a 

e complete one for 30,000. 

e The number of inhabitants in the town of Harwich, pre- 
vious to its separation from this town, was, according to the 
j last census, 2857. The census preceding gave but 2392 ; * 
jfieaving an increase of 465, nowithstanding from Brewster, 
[the then north parish, several had emigrated, and during one 
ii-br two years many had fallen a sacrifice to disease in the 
epest Indies. This statement speaks favourably of the cli- 
asmate as conducive to health ; and the small number of deaths 
j .|hat annually occur upon the' land abundantly confirms it. 
ibf 2857 inhabitants in Harwich, A. D. 1801, 1353 were in 

1>. he north, and 1504 in the south parish. It may here be ob- 
erved, that the sea-faring men in the south almost universally 
levoted their attention to the fisheries, while a great propor- 
rr ion of those in the north were employed in foreign voyages, 
nd even many of the fishermen in the winter sailed either 
o the southern states, or West Indies. 

The inhabitants are industrious, enterprising, hospitable, 
nd social. Social intercourse with each other is free and 
•equent. No persons appear to have a greater relish for the 
!0- acial circle and domestick pleasures. They are not in the 
abit of frequenting taverns, unless on publick occasions. I 
now not of a proper idler or tavern-haunter in the place. 
Neatness is conspicuous within and around their buildings, 
'heir houses in general consist of one story, with a roof so 
instructed as to give room for two convenient chambers. 
ir- 'hey have usually two good rooms in front, bed-rooms, 
aeitchen, wash-room, and other convenient apartments in the 
y y ?ar. Their houses, though the greater part of them be low, 
are, "e well finished ; in some instances handsomely furnished, 
fs-ome, belonging to the more affluent, are in a style of ele- 
jd( )nce. 

j More than three-fourths of the inhabitants, as they come 
rward upon the stage, are employed at sea. The greater 



. * In 1764, there were in Harwich 1772 inhabitants (including 91 In- 
i" 1 ,ns) ; and in 1776, 1865 inhabitants. 

78 Topographical Description of Brewster. 

part of these enter on board merchantmen. There are mortj 
masters and mates of vessels, who sail on foreign voyages, be- 
longing to this place, than to any other town in the county.) 

There are but two fishing vessels owned here, thougrj 
some of our fishermen sail from other places. The fishery 
has given way to merchant voyages, and the erection of salt 
works, of which we have now from 60 to 70,000 feet, reck 
oning according to their usual mode, 1 foot in length, and 1( 
feet in width to be a foot. There are some coasting vessel: 
and packets. 

The inhabitants are desirous of procuring a good school ed 
ucation for their children, and have for some years maintaine( 
a man's school throughout the year. They readily subscribec 
S3, 000 towards the support of an academy, on condition tha 
the Legislature would locate it in this town, and furnish then! \ 
with the usual grant of eastern lands for their assistance 

We have a social library, consisting of 151 volumes, whicl 
cost $137,53 cts. 

Ecclesiastical History. 
The first church was formed Oct. 16, A. D. 1700, the cov 
enant signed by eight males, including Rev. Nathanael Stone 
who was ordained as their pastor on the same day. He was 
man of piety, of talents, and of firmness; much revered an. 
beloved by the people of his charge. He was born at Water 
town, 1667; graduated at Harvard College, 1690; and wa 
married, Nov. 15, 1698, to Reliance Hinkley, daughter o ^ 
Governour Hinkley. She was baptized on the day of th 
memorable swamp fight at Narraganset, when the English 
with whom her father was present, completely routed the In 
dians ; and received from Rev. Mr. Russell, minister at Barn 
stable, the name of Reliance, in token, as he said, of a firn j 
reliance on Divine Providence. He published a small vol 
ume, A. D. 1731, entitled, " The wretched state of man b 
the fall," &.c, and a sermon before the first Supreme Judicial! 
Court holden at Barnstable. He died Feb. 1755, aged 88 
Although Calvinistick in his sentiments, he was firmly op 
posed to the itinerant preachers who were so highly caresse 
by many in his day ; and a church censure was passed on on 
of his people, who undertook to preach, and being very illite 
rate, was rebuked for undertaking an office for which he wa 
no ways qualified. No sectarian society has ever existed here 








Account of Halifax. 79 

and the people, with a very few exceptions, have ever been 
firmly attached to the congregational society in this place. 
It is even at the present day considered as quite unfashiona- 
jble not to attend the publick worship. 

Rev. Isaiah Dunster was born at Cambridge, where he re- 
ceived the degree of A. B. 1741 ; ordained as colleague with 
•Rev. Nathanael Stone, 1748; died January, 1791, aged 72. 
IThe author of this history is the present minister, and was 
ordained October, 1791 ; being but the third minister settled 
lover this society since A. D. 1700. 

An Account of Halifax. In a Letter from Mr. Alex- 
ander Grant to Rev. Mr. Stiles, dated at Halifax, 
Max, 1760. 

Rev. Sir, 

YOUR esteemed favour of the 11 March is just now de- 
livered me, and you have my best thanks for the very 
particular account it contains of the publick affairs of New- 
England, and of my friends and acquaintance in Newport. 
]e pefore the receipt of your's I had procured a map of Nova- 
'pcotia, which comes to you by Mr. Mumford, with the mag- 
zines for August and September last; a vessel which had 
hem aboard for me down to February, was blown off to the 
Vest-Indies and taken. If you expect any useful or curious 
bservations on the place of my present residence, I shall 
isappoint you. It furnishes none, and my time has been 
ngrossed in another way. The bearer can give you all the 
'iiformation I am master of, which is not much. 

This place is divided into three towns : Halifax, Irish town, 
r 1nd Dutch town. The whole may contain about one thou- 
and houses, great and small, many of which are employed as 
arracks, hospitals for the army and navy, and other publick 
ses. The inhabitants may be about three thousand, one 
lird of which are Irish, and many of them Roman catholicks ; 
bout one fourth Germans and Dutch, the most industrious 
ie nd useful settlers among us; and the rest English, with a 
ery small number of Scotch. We have upwards of one 
undred licenced houses, and perhaps as many more which 
va Jtail spirituous liquors without licence ; so that the business 




80 Account of Halifax. 

of one half the town is to sell rum, and of the other half t< 
drink it. You may from this single circumstance judge oj 
our morals, and naturally infer that we are not enthusiasts in 
religion. There is a large fine church (episcopalian), and 
one orthodox (presbyterian). In the former a missionary 
(with an assistant) officiates, who, with the several places 
perquisites, and sinecures he enjoys, makes, I compute, 500/ 
sterling per annum. They have no established minister ir 
the meeting, but the pulpit is occasionally filled by one Mr 
Brown, chaplain to a detachment of the Massachusetts pro 
vincials, doing duty here. 

The next settlement to this is Lun en burgh, or Mallegash 
inhabited by about sixteen hundred Dutch, above six hundre( 
of which are under the age of thirteen. Grants are made ou 
to above four thousand families from New-England, who have 
engaged to settle the fine fertile lands about Pisquid anc 
Minas, lately possessed by the French Neutrals, improperly sc 
called, and by all accounts no part of the continent surpasse 
it in fertility ; but in a month or two, if the Indians suffer me 
to pass and repass, 1 shall be able to give you my own remark* 
on that part of the country. Between this and Cape Sabh 
are many fine harbours, commodiously situated for the cod 
fishery ; and the rivers furnish great abundance of salmon 
and by what I can learn the land furnishes plenty of large 
timber suitable for masts for the navy. And as these land 
are granted to be settled immediately, we shall be able soor 
to supply not only the ships of war here, but send them t( 
Britain much cheaper than those cut in the king's forest 
about Piscatua and Casco bay. There is erected here, anc 
erecting, a large, commodious dock-yard for naval stores, anc 
cleaning and repairing his majesty's ships, which has alreadj 
cost £.50,000 sterling, and will make this the place of ren 
dezvous for all the ships stationed between Cape Race anc 
Cape Florida, once a year. A plan is come over from thi 
Board of Ordnance for fortifying a hill back of the town 
called Citadel Hill ; if completed agreeable to that plan, the 
cost will not fall short of £.40,000 sterling, and it will be inac- 
cessible. Though our present fortifications have expended 
immense sums of money, at least the government has given 
and is charged with immense sums (how much of it has beer 
misapplied I will not take upon me to say), yet I would now 


Account of Halifax. 81 

t(j engage that two ships of the line would destroy the whole 
i settlement; but that will not be the case when the citadel is 
;J completed, as it overlooks the town, commands the harbour, 
J and lies too high for ships to reach or make any impression on 
J it. The fleets and armies which have been here during the 
J war have enriched this town, but given a mortal blow to in— 
ii)/j dustry, which necessity will revive on the return of peace, and 
J that alone can do it. Agriculture, which is now neglected, 
M will be attended to, and the natural advantages of our situa- 
tion for pushing the mackerel and codfishery improved, which, 

with a proper use being made of the fine lands in the interiour 
-(, parts of the country, will, I doubt not, in a few years make 
fu, this a flourishing province, which, on account of its vicinity 
^and the military force, which must be kept up even in peace, 
J will check the power of the French in Canada, keep the 
J Indians in awe, and serve as a barrier to the New-England 
J provinces. But one of the first things to be done after a 
;es peace takes place, will be to make carriage roads from this 

to the several intended settlements of Pisquid, Minas, &.c. 

and if the same plan is pursued that was in Scotland during 

the last peace, of employing the troops in that way, it may 

be accomplished in two or three summers with great ease, 
3 [and at a moderate expense to the government of only an 
.^additional six pence per man per diem. 

I am sorry I cannot gratify you with the exact longitude 
]( of Halifax, observed by an eclipse. We have but few people 

of genius among us ; and not one discovers a thirst after 

knowledge either useful or speculative. 
I remain very sincerely, 

Dear Sir, your's, &c. 


Rev. Mr. Ezra Stiles. 



4n Estimate of the Inhabitants in Nova-Scotia, A. D. 
1764. By Hon. Alexander Grant, Esq. at the re- 
quest of Dr. Stiles. 

No. Souls. 

No. Souls. 

" Halifax 



- 670 


- 1600 



Annapolis county 
Fort Cumberland do. 


- 1000 






VOL. X. 

82 Letter respecting Stow, Westborough, &c. 

Brought over 

- 8667 









Exclusive of Louisbourgh ) .^ ™^ 

and St. John's Island | ' 

River St. John's 400 

French Acadians, still in ) ~ fi ,^ 

the Province, about / ' 

Dispersed along the coast, say 383 


"Indians about 70 fighting men. 

" Mr. Breynton of Halifax wrote to the Society Dec. 8, 1755, that the 
inhabitants of Halifax did not then exceed 1300." 

Letter from Rev. Nathan Stone to Rev. Dr. Stiles 
(inclosing the following Accounts of Stow, West 
borough, Sudbury, Harvard, and Marlborough) 
dated southborough, march 30, 1767. 


Rev. Sir, 

AGREEABLE to your desire I have obtained the inclosed 
Collections. Some of them are upon a more extensive 
plan than you proposed, which the gentlemen, as I suppose, 
were led into by Mr. Prince's printed heads of materials for 
his Chronology. Such as are to your purpose you will use. 
From what I heard upon the Cape of your enquiring after 
the Indian names of ponds and places, I thought possibly it 
might be your design to retain them ; therefore at my motion 
they are inserted. 

The Indian name of Hopkinton was Moogunkawg. A 
church was gathered there Sept. 2, 1724, when Rev. Samuel 
Barret was ordained its pastor. Nov. 4, 1741, a church was 
gathered at Bolton, and Rev. Thomas Goss, was ordained 
Oct. 21, 1730, a church was formed here [Southborough], 
when the subscriber was ordained. The town was taken 
wholly from Marlborough, is small, not quite the contents of 
four miles square ; the church is proportionably so, consisting! lid 
of 28 males and 46 females ; yet there are 30 males and 6% 
females that reside and communicate with us. I wish you A 
success in all your services for the church of God and the lei 
gospel of his Son, and am, &c. He 


Account of Stow, 83 

An Account of the Town of Stow (Mass.) in a Letter 
from Rev. John Gardner to Rev. Nathan Stone, 
dated "Stow, March 9, 1767." 

Rev. &V, 

THE Indian names of this place were Pompociticut and 
Shabbukin, from two notable hills. It was granted for 
a township May 13, 1670, and incorporated May 16, 1689, 
by the name of Stow, and was then and is jet in the ancient 
county of Middlesex ; after which I find there was ordina- 
rily preaching among them, but do not find any one called to 
the pastorate till the 13 of May 1700 ; when Mr. John Eve- 
leth was called to the ministerial work : these things I have 
t from the town book of records, but as to his ordination and 
the gathering of the church I cannot be so precise with re- 
gard to the time, but as nearly as I can collect, it was about 
■three or four years after his call. The number of males of 
!which it consisted was about eleven. As to record, Mr. 
nEveleth told me they had none. 

Mr. Eveleth was dismissed from his office the latter end of 

the year 1717. I was ordained to the pastoral office here 

(November 26, 1718, and the church then consisted of fifteen 

males and about the same number of females. As to the 

iiumber of males I can be precise, for the ordination council 

jidvised us to covenant anew, the foundation covenant being 

lost. The number of members in full communion at this 

flay is forty males and sixty-nine females ; having dismissed 

hear forty at several times to other churches, the most of 

vhom are yet living. 

As for men of liberal education among us, there have been 

;i )ut very few, only three sons of mine, viz. Samuel, who was 

so graduated at our College A. D. 1746, and Henry in 1750, 

nd Francis in 1755. You may see their names in our Cata- 


As for any remarkables, I am of the mind there have been 
he fewest of any town of our standing in the Province. It is 
ne of our smaller towns, and besides this, have set of! a fifth 
[fjart of our land to build up other towns. I can't call to mind 
bove one thing worthy of publick notice, and that is the grave 
f Mr. John Green, once an inhabitant of Charlestown in 


84 Account of Westborough. 

this Province, but returning to England, being a man of; 
great abilities, was in high favour under the lord protector! 
Cromwell, and was made captain of the guard at the king's! 
dock-yard at Deptford, and clerk of the exchequer, as appearsl 
from his commissions, which 1 have seen, and had by me. 
He, upon the restoration, came again to New-England with 
his sister and her husband (whether he was excluded the 
Act of Oblivion or not I cannot tell) but sometime after his 
arrival he came with them to Stow, and here he lived and 
died, and lies buried in this place. 

This is what I have collected toward such a chronology as 
is proposed, agreeable to the minutes you left with me ; and 
you may give this letter to the doctor,* or extract such par 
ticulars, if any such you find, as are worth transmitting to 
him. These with all due regard, &c. 


Rev. Mr. Nathan Stone, Southborough. 

An Account of Westborough (Mass.) by Rev. Ebenezeb, January 28, 1767. 

THIS town was formerly part of Marlborough, and called 
Chauncy, It is said that in early times one Mr. Chauncy 
was lost in one of the swamps here ; and that from thence this 
part of the town had its name. Two ponds, a greater and a less 
are also called Chauncy; most probably from the same cause.j 
Marlborough was divided by an Act of the General Court 
November 19, 1717 ; and with the addition of 3000 acres oi 


Dr. Stiles 

t There are six ponds here, the largest of them, or great Chauncy 

pond, is in the midst of the township, as originally granted, and is about 

a mile in length. It was by the Indians anciently termed Naggawoomcom t 

or great pond. There is another pond, which was called Hohbamocka s 

from some supposed infernal influence, which a man was unhappily under 

nigh that pond, from morning till the sun sat. The river Assabet (I never 

knew the meaning of that name) flows through this town. Its source is a f El 

little above us. Passing through several other towns, at length it falls into I! 1 . 5 ' 

Merrimack. " S 


1 1 A 



Account of Westborough. 85 

Province land, and some farm lands, this township was erect- 
ed. In the fall of the next year, the first meeting-house 
was raised. The first families were 27. All the first settlers 
were about 40. 

In June 1728, a part of Sutton land, about 1900 acres, 
I having ten settlers upon it, was laid to us; and there have 
I been some small additions of land from other towns since : 
four places from the south-east part of Shrewsbury ; and 
three from the north-west part of Upton. 

* A church was gathered here Oct. 28, 1724 ; there being 
i twelve members, besides the writer, who was that day or- 
dained the pastor. Rev. Mr. John Prentice of Lancaster 
preached from 2 Cor. xii. 15. He also gave the solemn 
charge ; and Rev. Mr. Israel Loring of Sudbury the right 
hand of fellowship. The number of families, when I came 
*here, was 58. 

October 20, 1744, the town of Westborough, consisting of 
125 families, was, by an Act of the General Court, divided in- 
to two precincts ; the north part being indeed very small. 
April 30, 1745, the north meeting-house was raised. 
May 21, 1746, a church was gathered in the north precinct, 
and Rev. Mr. John Martyn, was ordained the pastor. [Rev. 
Mr.] Parkman preached on that occasion from lieb. xiii. 17 ; 
e< Rev. Mr. Prentice aforesaid gave the charge ; and Rev. Mr. 
Cushing of Shrewsbury the right hand. 
May 3, 1749, the meeting-house in the first precinct was 
;; raised : and Sept. 3d following we first met in it. 

In the year 1765, the north precinct was, by an Act of 
j! the General Court, made a district by the name of North- 
;r borough. The number of communicants in North borough is 
v 21 males and 23 females. 

The present number of families here, in the town, is 120 ; 
bf church members, including those who occasionally commu- 

i ini 




* Mr. Daniel Elmer, a candidate for the ministry, from Connecticut 
iver, preached here several years, and received a call from the people ; 
3Ut there arose distention ; and though he built upon the farm which was 
*iven for the first settled minister, and dwelt upon it, yet by the advice of 
in ecclesiastical council he desisted from preaching here ; and a quit claim 
: >eing given him of the farm, he sold, and with his family removed to 
Springfield in 1724. He was afterwards settled in the ministry at Cohanzy 
n the Jerseys ; and I suppose died there. 

86 Account of Sudbury. 

nicate with us, as members of other churches, and a number 
who, living so contiguous to us, as to be nigher here than to I 
their own meeting-houses, have therefore joined to our church, | 
but without counting many who are gone into various parts 
of the country, and are not dismissed from us, 130. 

Male members who dwell here - - 42 \ 

do. who dwell on the borders - - - ^(^ 

Occasional, who dwell here - - - 3 J 

Educated at Harvard College, were, 

Rev. Eli Forbes, Pastor of 2d Church in Brookfield, 

Asaph Rice - Westminster, 

Jonathan Liverrrtore - - Wilton, 

Joseph Bowman - - Oxford, 

Thomas Rice, Esq. who is at Povvnalborough, 

Ebenezer Rice, A. B. 

Jacob Rice, A. B. 

Among the Remarkable Providences has been the mischief 
by the Indians. 

On Aug. 8, 1704, ten Indians rushed down from an hill 
upon a number of boys who were with divers persons that 
were spreading flax on the plain below : They slew one of 
the boys immediately, and captivated four, three of which 
continued and grew up in Canada. One of them* was a 
sachem many years ago, and well known to Hendrick the ( 
Mohawk chief when he was here. Colonel Li/dius of Albany 
informs me, that he is the present principal sachem of the 
Caghnawaga tribe, near Montreal. 


Memoir of Sudbury [Mass.] written A. D. 1767, 
[Probably by Rev. Israel Lorjng of that Town.] 

SUDBURY, in the county of Middlesex, was granted in 
the year 1638. The number of original sharers and 
settlers was 54. 

Mr. Edmund Broivn, the first settled minister, was or 
dained in August 1640 ; died June 22, 1677. 


* Timothy Rice : his Indian name was Oughtzorongoughton. 

Account of Sudbury. 87 

Mr. Sherman began to preach at Sudbury in 1677; in 
July 1705 was "deposed from his pastoral office;" died 
in 1718. 

Mr. Israel Loring was ordained pastor of the church Nov. 
20, 1706. Upon the division of the town by the General 
Court, the inhabitants of the west side of the river invited 
him to come over and settle with them July 10, 1722. He 
accepted their invitation. 

Feb. 11, 1722-3 the church was by a vote of the church 
divided into two distinct churches. March 18, 1724-5, 
which was a day of solemn prayer and fasting, the west 
church renewed their covenant with God. 

Mr. Cooke was ordained pastor of the church on the east 
side of the river March 20, 1723. Died Nov. 12, 1760. 

Mr. Bridge was ordained Nov. 4, 1761. 

'Mr. Noyes Paris took his first degree at Harvard College, A. D. 1721. 

William Brintnal - - at Yale College, 1721. 

Thomas Frink at Harvard College, 1722. 

John Loring at Harvard College, 1729. 

Jonathan Loring - - at Harvard College, 1738. 

William Cooke - - at Harvard College, 1748. 

William Baldwin at Harvard College, 1748. 

Gideon Richardson at Harvard College, 1749. 


Samuel Baldwin - - at Harvard College, 1752. 

April 18, 1676. The Indians came down upon the town 
)f Sudbury in great numbers, and killed many persons ; of 
aj vhich Mr. Hubbard, in his history of the war with the 
i ndians, has given the publick an account. 

March 1, 1691, there was the greatest flood, by several 
eet perpendicular, that was ever remembered by English 
)v Indians then surviving. 

In 1765, the number of houses on the west side was 151 

do. do. east side 112 







of houses in the town, 



of families on the west side 
do. east side 



of families in the town 



of white people on the west side 
do. east side 


No. of white people in the town 1745 


88 Account of Harvard 


Negro Males 15 

Females 12 \ I 
Indian Male 1 

Total 1773 

1767. Male members of the West (First) Church 76 

Female 127 

Total 203 

An Account of Harvard. In a Letter from Rev. 
Joseph Wheeler to Rev. Nathan Stone, dated 
Harvard, February 24, 1767. 

Rev. Sir, 

HAVE lately received a letter from you, informing me 
of Dr. Stiles's desire to know the state of the towns 
and churches in our association. As to Harvard, [ find! 
that it was taken from three other towns, viz. Lancaster 
Groton, and Stow. It had no Indian name peculiar tc 
itself. It was incorporated July A. D. 1732; and waj 
supposed to contain about sixty families at the time of it 
incorporation. In October, 1733, a church was gatherec 
in Harvard, consisting of thirty male members, and Rev 
Mr. John Seccomb was ordained to the pastoral care of tht 
church, who continued that relation until September, 1757 
when he was dismissed by a vote of the church, upoi 
his own request, and by the consent of an ecclesiastica 
council. The church continued vacant until December 12 
1759, at which time I was ordained to the pastoral can 
of the church. The present number of inhabitants is reck 
oned at two hundred families; the number of communi 
cants one hundred and ninety-five. I know of no remarkabl 
occurrences which have happened in the town, that would b 
worth mentioning. The land is mountainous, yet fruitful 
We have one farmer, who annually sows upwards of ninet 
acres of English grain, chiefly wheat. There are two pond 
in the town ; one of them above three miles in circumference! J w 
and famous for the abundance of fish that are catched in il ^ 
Fronting the house that was built by Rev. Mr. Seccomb i fopo 
supposed to be the longest row of elm trees in New-Englanc' lefor 
set in exact order, and leading directly toward the meeting! JJ 



Note on Marlborough, 89 

house. This is all that I think of at present worth mention- 
ing, and therefore shall conclude by subscribing myself, &c. 


Rev. Mr. Nathan Stone, Southborough. 

Note on Marlborough. By Rev. Aaron Smith, 
A. D. 1767. 

WHEN the church was gathered is not known, the in- 
habitants of the town being driven off by the Indians, 
A. D. 1676. Rev. Mr. William Brimsmead was ordained 
3 October, 1666,* and died commencement morning, 1701. 
The number of communicants [1767] male 79, female 85. 
[See A Description of Marlborough, in Coll. Hist. Soc. iv. 

Memoir of Marlborough Association. By Rev. 
Nathan Stone. 

THIS Association of Ministers was formed at Marlborough, 
June 5, 1725, " with design and aim herein to advance 
the interest of Christ, the service of their respective charges, 
and their own mutual edification in their great work." They 
agreed to meet four times in a year ; choose a moderator and 
clerk, from time to time, &c. The articles were then signed by 

John Swift, pastor in Framingham, 

Robert Breck, Marlborough, 

John Prentice, Lancaster, 

Israel Loring, West-Sudbury, 

Job Cushing, Shrewsbury, 
John Gardner, Stow, 
Eben. Parkman, Westboro'. 

In process of time the Association became " so numerous," 
by the addition of pastors of other churches, and the members 


* The Rev. Mr. Packard, in his Description of Marlborough, says, 
" Mr. Brimsmead was minister to this religious society, September 20, 
1660." He might at that time be unordained; and the two accounts 
reconciled by a remark of Dr. Stiles : " The times of gathering the 
J - churches, especially the ancient ones, do not indicate the first formation 
"\\ of the congregation. Anciently among the first new parishes arising from 
population, they had religious assemblies, and constant preaching for years 
before the church was gathered, or the minister ordained. And a minister 
would often be invited to preach statedly, and continue four or five years 
before his ordination." 


VOL. I. 

90 Editorial Note respecting Guilford. 

were at so " great a distance from one another," that il 
spontaneously divided, Aug. 10, 1762. 

Editorial Note respecting Ruggles's History of 


IN the fourth volume of the Collections of our Society is 
published " A Sketch of a History of Guilford, in Con- 
necticut, from a manuscript of Rev. Thomas Ruggles."* On 
discovering among the MSS. of the late President Stiles, 
" Extracts from Ruggles's MS. History of Guilford," we 
compared those " Extracts " with the printed " Sketch," and 
found that they contained several curious and interesting ar- 
ticles, which are not in the printed account. In the hope oi 
obtaining notice, if not possession, of the original manuscript, 
we wrote to Rev. Dr. Trumbull, of North-Haven, and made 
inquiry respecting it ; but he wrote to us, in reply, that he 
" knew nothing " of it, and that he " never saw, or so muc 
as heard of it." " I had frequent opportunities," he observes, 
" of conversing with Mr. Ruggles, though he was an aged 
gentleman when I first came into publick life. He never 
mentioned to me any such manuscript." 

The MS. History was dated February 3, 1769. Dr. 
Stiles, who received it about that time, appears to have re- 
turned it in June, 1770, to the author, who died in the follow- 
ing November. We think it probable, therefore, that it was 
composed at the request of Dr. Stiles, to assist him in his 
projected Ecclesiastical History ; and that, when he had made 
such extracts from it, as were material to his purpose, he 
returned it. A derangement of papers by the death of Mr. 
Ruggles may easily account for Dr. Trumbull's want of 
knowledge respecting the manuscript. Whether our con 
jectures are well founded or not, we judge it expedient to 
publish in this volume all that we find in the " Extracts," not 
already printed in the " Sketch," without waiting for farther!] 
search after the original ; that the account of a very ancient i 


* That Sketch, the Corresponding Secretary informs us, was commu- 
nicated to the Historical Society by Nathaniel Bishop, Esq. of Rich- 
mond, and published exactly according to the manuscript. 


History of Guilford. 91 

and respectable town may be as complete as we can make 
it, before the publication of the General Index, which is to 
embrace the ten first volumes of our Collections. 

Extract of a Letter from Rev. Mr. Ruggles, 
Author of the History of Guilford, to Dr. 

Rev. Sir, 

Guilford, June 21, 1770. 

d^S^TOUR favour, with the History, I received, for which I 
ar- _j_ return you my thanks. * * * * * * * * You have set me 
: of a very large task. I will begin by answering some of your 
',many queries. And with regard to the church in Guilford.... 
^eThey never had, and upon principle never would, admit a rul- 
ing elder. Although in all other things Mr. Whitfield and 
ich Mr. Davenport and their churches exactly agreed and prac- 
tised, yet in this they were quite different. I have made dili- 
;ed rent inquiry into the subject many years ago, with old people 
veu'ho were personally acquainted with the first members of the 
:hurch. They all invariably agree, that as Mr. Whitfield 
Dr. vas never ordained in any sense at Guilford, but officiated as 
re- heir pastor in virtue of his ordination in England ; so neither 
jw- le nor the church would allow of a ruling elder : and the an- 
vas nent tradition in the church here was, that New-Haven, and 
Afterward other churches in the colony, conformed their judg- 
ade nent and practice to Mr. Whitfield's and his church's judg- 
he nent, who were strictly Congregational. 
Mr. I said, the church of Guilford and New-Haven in all other 
i hings were one in opinion and practice. Members were ad- 
)D nitted by relations [of experiences], and by holding up the 
to lands of the brethren. The conformity was uniform. 
boI I cannot gratify you with the Agreement in Mr. New- 
el nan's barn at New-Haven, that great foundation of the rules 
:.! n church and state, according to which they conducted. It 
m s not upon our records. Mr. Trumbull has told me he has 
— een it, and that he would procure me a copy.* You may 



* See Trumbull's Hist. Connecticut, i. 99-101. 

92 History of Guilford. 


be furnished by him, as I suppose. I expect he will sendt 
me one. And when you come to Guilford, if you incline, 
you may see our doctrine of faith and covenant. It is too 
long for me at present to transcribe. 

I cannot gratify you with an account of the General Con- 
sociation, as you desire. My copy is not to be found, but I 
will endeavour to obtain what you desire concerning it ; if I 
should, I shall endeavour to feed your inquiring curiosity. 

Let us hear as often as you can how the world goes, and 
don't forget your sincere, though antiquated friend, &c. 


Rev. Ezra Stiles. 

Extracts from Ruggles's MS. History. 

"HO early as 1643, a congregational church was gathered, 
|^ or rather they then combined into a visible church state. 
They adopted Mr. Davenport's notions ; and formed the 
church by covenant upon seven pillars, as they termed it. 
The names of the seven pillars were 

Mr. Henry Whitfield, Mr. Jacob Sheeffe, 
Mr. John Higginson, John Mipham, and 

Mr. Samuel Desborow, John Hoadly ; 

Mr. William Leete, 

and on the nineteenth day of the month of April (probably to 
the very day the church was thus settled) the records say, P 
the feoffees in trust formally in writing resigned the lands ¥ 
purchased by them to the church, &c." " 1( 

" The manner of gathering or forming the church was this, 1 3D( 
viz. a doctrine of faith was drawn up and assented to as the r M 
foundation of their connexion. And then they mutually en- ¥ 
tered into covenant, first with God to be his people in Jesus f 
Christ; then one with another, to walk together in attending I- 
all the duties of the christian religion, and enjoyment of all 
the ordinances that belong to a particular visible church. 
Their doctrine of faith was judiciously drawn. It is short, V 
comprehensive, and rational, upon true primitive, Calvinis- fc 
tical, and Congregational principles. This doctrine of faith L 

with r c 

History of Guilford, 93 

with the covenant is continued and made use of constantly in 
admitting church members to this day by the first church." 

* * * * * * jy[ r Higginson continued in the ministry at 
Guilford about twelve years, " and then determined to go to 
England to Mr, Whitfield.* Accordingly he shipt himself 
and family, and sailed. But meeting with bad weather, 
the vessel put into Salem for harbour. Going ashore to his 
father's people, they, wanting a pastor, prevailed with him 
to preach, and then unship his family and goods, and settle 
with them. He accepted their call ; was ordained their 
pastor ; and left a numerous posterity, which have been in 
renown in their several generations. This is the account 
he gives of himself in a book of sermons printed by him in 
his old age, and dedicated by him to the church and people 
of God at Salem, Guilford, and Saybrook, where he preached 
at first in the time of the Pequod war."t 

After Mr. Higginson's removal, while " they had no or- 
dained pastor," and " fell into great confusion by diversity 
of religious opinions, many of the planters removed, espe- 
cially to Killingworth, which w T as then settling, particularly 
Dr. Rosseter, Meigs, the Stevens family, and Chatfield, &c. 
who were useful in that town, and continue to be respecta- 
ble in church and state there. Some of these returned, 
especially Eosseter and Meigs, after the town was restored 
to a peaceable settlement of a pastor." 

After they had waded through these troublesome times, 

D rovidence provided for them a pastor after God's own heart, 

■. to feed them with knowledge and understanding. For about 

- the year 1664 or 1665, the renowned Mr. Joseph Eliot, son 

; 'of the famous and pious Mr. John Eliot of Roxbury, (the 

Indian New-England apostle) was called and introduced, 

and by the laying on of the hands of the presbytery, was 

3 prdained to the pastoral office in the church. Mr. Mather 

of Northampton, with whom Mr, Eliot had lived some time 



* See vol. iv. 187. 

f Mr. Higginson was settled at Salem, A. D. 1660. He and his wife 
were received members of the church of Salem, " by letters of recom- 
mendation and dismission from the church of Guilford after the usual 
manner." [Rev. Dr. Barnard's MS. letter.]— He died A. D. 1708, aetat. 
XCIII years. See Coll. Hist. Soc. vol. vi. 264. Edit. 


94 History of Guilford. 

before he came to Guilford, being the chief in the ordina- 
tion. The church and town greatly flourished under his 
successful ministry." 

" After this burning and shining light had ministered to 
this good people about thirty years, he deceased May 24, 
1694, to the inexpressible grief of his beloved flock, whose 
memory is not forgotten to this day. Some time in the 
summer of this year, the Rev. and pious Mr. Thomas Rug- 
gles, likewise from Roxbury, was persuaded to come and 
preach to them as a candidate for the ministry, and in the if 
fall of the year 1695, was ordained pastor of this church, 
by the laying on of the hands of the presbytery." 

******* u After he had f aithful ],y fed the flock, he 

deceased June 1, 1728, in the thirty-fourth year of his min- 
istry, and fifty-eighth year of his age." 

"His eldest son, Thomas Ruggles,* was called to suc- 
ceed him, and was ordained by the laying on of the hands Imad 
of the presbytery, March 26, 1729." (i, 



4 May, 1703, the honourable General Assembly divided 
the town by forming a society at the desire of those inhab- 
itants who lived upon the eastern parts of the town." This 
new society received the name of East-Guilford. " The 
Rev. and learned Mr. John Hart, who came from Farming- 
ton, was by the laying on of the hands of the presbytery 
ordained the first pastor of the new gathered church in this 
new society. He proved one of the first eminence of 
preachers in his day. He died March 4, 1732, setat. 
XLIX." He was ordained in November, 1707. 

" The Rev. Mr. Jonathan Todd from New-Haven was' 
ordained their next pastor, October 24, 1733, by the hands 
of the presbytery, who is still living their excellent pastor." | lere 



" Out of the first or western society the General Assembly, 
upon the desire of the inhabitants and consent of the society, 



* The author of this history, who died 20 November, 1770. Rev. J 
Amos Fowler was ordained his colleague, 8 June, 1757. 

History of Guilford. 95 

made another society, calling it North-Guilford : and in June, 
|1725, the Rev. Mr. Samuel Russel from Branford was by the 
ilaying on of the hands of the presbytery ordained the first 
ipastor of the new church gathered there. He proved a worthy 
find faithful minister. He deceased January 19, 1746: and 
[Rev. Mr. John Richards, from Waterbury, was ordained by 
Jhe laying on of the hands of the presbytery, pastor of the 
fchurch, in the month of November, 1748." 

" He, at his desire, was, by the counsel of the Consociation 
|)f New-Haven county, dismissed December, 1765, from his 
fcastoral office there : and Mr. Thomas Wells Bray, from 
rarmington, was ordained pastor of the church, December 
$1, 1766." 


" Within the limits of the first, the General Assembly 
lade another, calling it the Fourth Society in Guilford, May 
0, 1733. Mr. Edmund Ward of Guilford was ordained 
heir pastor ; but being soon dismissed, they did in August, 
743, call and ordain Mr. James Sprout, of Middleborough, 
leir pastor ; who being dismissed from them in October, 
768,* they now are destitute of a settled pastor." 


******** The honourable General Assembly made 
lother society in the N. E. part of the town, partly out of the 
irst Society, and partly out of East-Guilford. They gave 
e name of North Bristol to this society. And the Rev. Mr. 
ichard Ely, from Lyme, was by the laying on of the hands 

the presbytery ordained the pastor over them June 8, 1757, 
ho now continues in that relation to the church and people 



In the year 1743 a number of the inhabitants of the First 
iety declared themselves of the communion of the Church 
I England, and built a house for their publick worship. 
ey have no curate, their number small, but meet every 
bath to attend church service. And in 1748 a number at 

He was resettled in Philadelphia, and afterward D. D. 


History of Guilford. 

North-Guilford also declared for the church, having built j 
house, and meet on sabbaths for worship. Perhaps there ma 
be about sixty or seventy in all, young and old, belonging 1 
the whole town, of that communion." 

" It is uncertain who were the first or original planter 
The first account of names upon record is so late down i 
1650. These forty-six persons following are entered an 
named as such, viz. 

Henry Whitfield 
Samuel Desborow 
John Higginson 
William Leete 
Robert Kitchil 
William Chittenden 
Thomas Jordan 
George Hubbard 
John Hodley 
Thomas Jones 
William Dudley 
Thomas Cook 
Henry Kingsnoth 
John Stone 
William Hall 

John Parmelin, sen. 
Thomas Betts 
Richard Guttridge 
Richard Bristow 
John Parmelin, jun, 
Jasper Stillwell 
George Bartlet 
John Scrantom 
John Fowler 
Edward Benton 
Abraham Cruttenden 
John Evarts 
John Bishop, jun. 
Francis Bushnell 
Henry Dowd 


George Chatfield 
William Stone 
John Stephens 
Benjamin Wright 


John Sheder 
Samuel Blatchley 
Thomas French 
Stephen Bishop 
Thomas Stephens 
William Boreman 


George Highland 
Abraham Cruttenden, 


" It is a thing evident by this list of planters, that the a 
count of all the original names is not ascertained ; for son 
of the first planters are not mentioned in it, particularly M 
Coffinge, who was one of the purchasers from the Indian 
Tradition concerning him is, that he soon died, leaving i 
other memorial of his name but a small island in the ss 
meadow near the sea, called to this day Coffing's islan 
And some that are named it is certain were not origin 
planters or purchasers, particularly Hubbard and Fowie 
they came from Hartford or Weathersfield, and as many ot 
ers were, who came into the town afterwards, admitted plan j 
ers in it, and had land laid out and assigned to them. Amoill \\ 
such was Dr. Bryan Rosseter. One of this Dr. Rossetei * 
daughters married a Cotton, and his posterity continue 
this time in town. Dr. Rosseter purchased Mr. Desborow 


History of Guilford. 97 

•'jhouse and lands of him when he left the town with Mr. 
MJWhitfield, and returned to England." * 

Civil Affairs. 

As this plantation was connected with New-Haven, so 
'hey carefully conformed to the agreement in Mr. Newman's 
)arn in all their affairs religious and civil. Like their brethren 
it New-Haven, they adopted and acted upon that unhappy 
jnistake, that it is a thing of more importance to save and be 

ioverned by the steeple than the state. 
" Besides [having mentioned the magistrates' Court, and 
'own Meetings, or General Courts, as in Coll. Hist. Soc. 
v. 185.] they held a Court of Probate. By which court, 
s often as there was occasion, wills as well as intestate estates 
vere settled. The whole lands belonged to the community, 
^nd the title to any particular lands was by order of the town 
.] their meetings. So upon this principle that the fee was re- 
ly in the community, they in settling estates sometimes de- 
arted from the rule of East-Greenwich tenure : And some- 
mes settled the intestate estates upon the widow, sometimes 
one of the children ; or sometimes on a stranger called to 
e family, as best served the general good of the family, and 
e prosperity of the infant plantation, in its minority. 
" But neither this court nor this practice continued long, 
s soon as New-Haven colony government became better 
i0D tttled and more fixed, settling estates was transferred and 
'^termined by the court of assistants at New-Haven, agreeable 
the present rules of the court of probate." [Town officers, 
u -|d military order and discipline are next mentioned ; but 
is paragraph is inserted in Vol. iv. of the Collections.] 
As the town was an immediate part of New-Haven gov- 



') • Remarks by Dr. Stiles 1. This list may contain only the 

pw eholders ; there might be many more settlers. 2. If in 1650 there 
;rj ( )| |re but forty-six, probably in 1639 fewer. 3. If Rosseter bought Des- 
... row's right, it should seem that he and Mr. Whitfield went for England 
er 1650. 

Dr. Trumbull (Hist. Connect, i. 309J says Mr. Whitfield " embarked 
his native country some time in the year 1650." Edit. 



TOL. X. 

98 History of Guilford. 

eminent, they were from the early times allowed an assistai 
or magistrate. Mr. Samuel Desborow,* who next to M 
Whitfield was esteemed the first and richest of the planter 
was the first assistant. The next assistant in the town wi 
Mr. William Leete. He came from England a young but 
very hopeful man, as he proved to be afterwards both in Nevi 
Haven, and, after the union, in Connecticut colony. Tfc 
family tradition is, that in England he was a clerk in the qua i 
ter sessions of the county, bred for the law. He was an e 
cellent writer, and for many years served as secretary or clei 
of the town, all the ancient records being written in his hanC 
and had a good understanding in the law. His eldest sc 
John Leete, it is said, was the first child born in the towr 
and has left a numerous posterity. He was deputy gove 
nour of New-Haven colony : and after the union w T as gove 
nour of the colony. He removed to Hartford, and there dk 
and was buried. 

" TI 

* "Samuel Desborough, Esq. was certainly related to the major-ge I 
eral.f He was some years in New-England, in America, whither he weij n 
probably, to enjoy his religious opinions ; from whence he returned 
1650-1. He was one of the commissioners of the revenues, and t 
same year represented the city of Edinburgh in parlement. At a coun 
held at Whitehall, May 4, 1655, he was appointed one of the nine cou I 
sellors for the kingdom of Scotland ; and in the same year keeper of t 
great seal of that nation, and allowed 2,000/. annually, paying out of 
a salary to an under officer. In the year following he was returned 
member of the British parlement, for the sheriffdom of Mid-Lothian, a: !6S1 
was continued in all his employments under the protector Richard, a 1 
served in his parlement for the last place." Noble's Memoirs of Cromw | 
family, ii. 254. 

t Major-general John Desborough, or Desborow, in the parliament t 
my, married one of Oliver Cromwell's sisters. He was once nominal 
among Charles' judges, but refused to sit; was one of Oliver's council 
state, and in high improvement under the protectorate. At the restoratil 
he was excepted out of the list of those pardoned, yet his life was sparlf 1 
He left the kingdom, but in 1665 was required by proclamation to bewk 
England before July 23, in the following year ; and in 1686, by anotm^ 
proclamation, published by James II., again required to return into 
kingdom; but he did not, unless perhaps at the revolution. ...Note by | 
Stiles. See a particular account of John Desborough, in Noble's 
moire of Cromwell family, vol. II. No. XIX. 

History of Guilford. 99 


M The next magistrate in town was his second son Mr. An- 
rew Leete. He married a daughter of Mr. Jordan one of 
-fine original planters. Like his father he proved an excellent 
^sjnan, who, it is said and believed, was the principal hand in 
it|ecuring and preserving the Charter, when it was just upon 
*jhe point of being given up to Sir Edmond Andross. In his 
3jk>use it found a safe retirement until better times. Next af- 
Jer Mr. Leete was Mr. Josiah Rosseter, son of Dr. Rosseter, 
-ind since him Mr. Abraham Fowler, son of John Fowler. 
! " The first planters who came to the town were of two 
ulanks, viz. such who in England are called gentlemen and 
jttommonalty. None were poor men, and few or no servants. 
T iilThe gentlemen were all men of wealth, and they bare the ap- 
pellation of Mr. as Mr. Desborow, &c. while according to the 
(lain customs of those times the'commonalty were named on- 
y Goodman or Neighbour, such or such an one. How great- 
y are times now changed ? Every man almost is called Mr. 
very woman, Miss, Madam, or Lady. Popularity destroys 
1 civil distinction. 

" The first planters, whether Gentlemen or Yeomen, were 
most all of them husbandmen by profession : few trades- 
ben ; not one blacksmith among them ; it was with great cost 
le town obtained one to live among them. In this respect 
ley were quite different from the first settlers of New-Haven, 
though they came with them. The good people who came 
/ith Mr. Davenport were Londoners, bred to merchandize, 
nd fixed upon a place proper for trading, which was their 
esign. But Mr. Whitfield's people were quite the reverse, 
ountry people, and therefore chose their lands for different ends. 
; lilford and Guilford were some time under consideration ; 
ut at length they fixed their choice upon Guilford. As they 
me from Kent, &c. so they chose for their plantation land 

near like those as they could." " And what justly de- 

^ 3rves to be remembered is, that the antient skill and spirit of 

11 le first planters in husbandry has descended and still contin- 

3s among their posterity. There is a certain niceness and 

;, elicacy, wherein the perfection of husbandry consists. This 

conspicuously to be found among them. It would be look- 

3 upon as a piece of vanity unsufferable, to say all the good 

usbandry in the country has been learnt from these skilful 


100 History of Guilford. 

people. But it is no vanity to say, there is no where bettei 
to be found. All strangers and Europeans agree to say, there 
is no place in the country to be found where the husbandrj 
so nearly resembles the husbandry in England, especially in 
the fine piece of land called the Great Plain. 

" As the first planters of the town were, like Jacob, plain 
men, bred to tillage and keeping cattle : so a great deal of the 
same temper, and spirit, and manners remains among their de- 
scendants to this day, as it was in Israel among the Recha- 
bites. Industry, labour, and frugality are in general the reign- 
ing spirit of the inhabitants. There is no such thing as tav- 
ern haunting, and little wasting of time in drinking or fruit- 
less diversions, the inhabitants are perhaps as little in debt as 
any town, and possest of as much solid estate : yet with griei 
it must be said, that of late years fashionable vices, by a flow-| 
ing in of strangers, and a great increase of sailors, and some 
other incidents, are too sadly predominant. Thus evil com- 
munication will ever corrupt good manners. It is a disease, 
as catching, as deadly, as the plague itself. Alas, what a pity 
is it, that the country in general is so much overspread with! 
and polluted by luxury and its attendants ; and these recom-j 
mended by the fair character of politeness and good breeding! 

Sachem's Head. ■ ai1 

IK 1 
" The harbour lies south of the town [of Guilford]. Wei 

go through the great plains to it. It is a very poor thing,, 

shallow, and encumbered with many rocks. But then about; 

two miles westward from it is an excellent though small har* 

hour. It is landlocked on all sides, but the southwest. The 

entrance or mouth narrow. It is well known by coasters. Itj 

is called Sachem?s Head. It may not be unentertaining tof S 

mention the occasion of its taking this extraordinary 

After the Pequod Indians were driven from their forts at Mys-| 

tick river, they fled to the westward towards Fairfield, thai 

English pursued them, and though most of the forces went! 

from the fort at Saybrook by water, a number of soldiers with 

Uncas and his Indians scoured the shores near the sea, lestj 

any of the Pequods should lurk there. Not a great way fronjjl 1 

this harbour, they came across a Pequod sachem with a few don 

Indians, whom they pursued. As the south side of the har-fidied 


Memoir of the Pequots. 1 1 

bour is formed by a long narrow point of land, the Pequods 
went on to this point, hoping their pursuers would have passed 
by them. But Uncas knew Indians craft, and ordered some 
of his men to search that point. The Pequods, perceiving 
that they were pursued, swam over the mouth of the har- 
bour, which is narrow. But they were way-laid, and taken 
as they landed. The sachem was sentenced to be shot to 
death. Uncas shot him with an arrow, cut off his head, and 
stuck it up in the crotch of a large oak tree near the har- 
bour, where the skull remained for a great many years. 
Thus from this extraordinary incident, the name was adopt- 
ied to the harbour." 

Memoir of the Pequots. Collected from the Itine- 

A BOUT A. D. 1755, the Pequot tribe consisted of about 
J~\ 72 souls above 14 years of age, according to an account 
then taken. The Moheges have no communication with 

Names of Indians who, November 18, 1651, acceded to 
an agreement with the townsmen of Pequot [New-London] 
igned " Casesymamon his mark." 

" 1 Casasinamon, 6 Neesouweegun, alias Daniel, 

2 Poquotoognause, 7 Cutchamaguin, 

3 Orkeneuse, alias Nicholas, 8 Mahmawambam." 

4 Codypoonush, 9 

5 Obbachickwood, 

Signed by Casasinamon " in his own behalf and the behalf 
f the rest of Nameeag Indians." 

In 1651 New-London was called, in the town records, Pe- 
uot : " The townsmen of Pequot." In a deed on record, 
654, New-London is styled " Pequot, alias Mameeag and 
Tawawog." In the registry of deeds it is called Pequot till 
1658, then New-London. 

The last sachem of the Pequots, or rather of the Casasina- 
non branch of the Pequots, was, I think, Schandaub, who 
Hed about 1740. The Pequots were a tribe that came from 
he northward, a little before the English came. Old Sassa- 



Memoir of the Pequots. 

cus was their last grand sachem, who never had any sucessor 
in the sachemdom. 

Massachusetts in 1658 began a dispute, claiming a share 
in the Pequot country, by virtue of the assistance which that 
colony afforded in the conquest of the Pequots. Commis- 
sioners gave their opinion, that Pequot extended from 
"Naihantick to a place called Weapauge, about 10 miles 
east from Mistick river." 

Additional Memoir A. D. 1762. 

THE remnant of the Pequot Tribe reside on lands ap- 
propriated or reserved for them in the north-east part of 
Groton [Connecticut], called Maushantuxet. There may be 
20 or 30 families. Mr. Isaac Smith of Groton gave me the 
following principal names of the families, March 4, 1762. 

Charles Schuddaub 

Charles Schuddaub jun. 


*John Quinnemeezsun 

*Sampson Quiumps 

* Jeffery Caudjaugk 

*John Caudjaugk 

Samuel Weezsul 

*Johnson Q,uiumps 

Peter Meezsun 

Jeffery Meezsun 

Daniel Quauqcheetes - 

Jeffery Quauqcheetes - 









Children (estimated 
not counted.) 

- 8 

- 3 

- 6 

- 10 

- 3 

- 6 










These families and nine of the pre- 
l ceding lived in wigwams; the seven 
j families marked thus * lived in framed 
| houses. 


Nyhantic Tribe of Indians. 



Collective estimate 

15 Families 


Widows and their children 

Single men 

30 Adults, 

Single women 



U N. B. By colony census, January 1762, found in 
Groton 176 Indian souls." 

For an account of the Moheagan Indians, who live in the 
vicinity of the Pequots, see Vol. ix. 

The Number of the Nyhantic Tribe of Indians* 
" This Account," says Dr. Stiles, " I took on the 
spot among the Wigwams, Oct. 7, 1761." 






John Moheeges 





John Lethercotes 







George Waukeete 







Philip Kewish 






- * 

Jacob Kewish 





John Tatsen 







Dan Waukeete 







Samuel Waukeete 





Thomas Sobuck 















Widow Sobuck 






































Waukeete - 






Kewish, mother of 





Ann Chesno 






* This tribe was seated at Lyme, in Connecticut. 

104 Indians on Connecticut River. 

10, Families, consisting of two persons at the head of each, 20 

9 Widows _ - - - - 9 

56 Children - - - 56 

Total souls of the tribe - - - 85 

The number of their wigwams is 7; of their houses, 11 ; total 18. 

Since 1755 there had gone into the war from this tribe 
18 persons, 7 of whom were dead. 

Yummanum, a Pequot Indian, last sachem of the tribe at 
Nihantic, died about 1740. 

Ben Uncas, sachem of Mohegan, married George Waw- 
keete's oldest daughter in 1751. 


In 1783, Dr. Stiles says in his Itinerary, there were at 
Nihantic sixteen Indian families, and only one wigwam ; pj 
the rest live in houses. 

King Ninegret's Tribe, A. D. 1761, 

contained Men married 42 

Wives - - about 40 J 

Widows - 12 




„,.,, ( Boys 70 

Children j ^ . . 82 

K. Ninegret and wife - 2 




This account is from Dr. Stiles's Itinerary; where the 
names of the adults are inserted. It having been originally 
written with his pencil, it was doubtless taken on the spot. 

By an entry made in connection with this account, it ap-» 
pears that, beside this enumerated tribe, the Moheagans and L a 
Nihanticks were under the government of Ninegret. 


Indians on Connecticut Biver. 

Tunxis, Sepos or Sepous (Farmington), was the largest 
tribe. Now [1761] 4 or 5 families.* Mattabeeset 

* Dr. Stiles observes, that in the memory of his mother there were 
20 wigwams at Farmington, and that in 1761 a Farmington squaw told 
him, there were but 3 men and 6 married women Indians in that town. 
He asked the squaw, who was their Sachem ? She replied, " Mr. Pitkin 
is our Saunchum." [Mr. Pitkin was the minister of Farmington.] 

A Letter from Rev. John Devotion. 105 

Mattabeeset or MiddJetown tribe, at Wongunck on the 
3ast side of Connecticut river, against the upper houses, was 
Dnce a great tribe. 

Podunk tribe, at the dividing line between Windsor and 
Hartford east side [of Connecticut river], in king Philip's 
var contained between two and three hundred men, who 
Vent off in that war, and never returned. 
i Sukiaugk, (West Hartford) a distinct tribe, remained till 
730, when they left Hartford, and went to Farmington. Now 
r 1761 ] 2 or 3 families. In 1761 there was but one Indian 
amily remaining in Hartford, and one only in Windsor. 
t Hoccanum tribe, south of Podunk, in East Hartford, near 
ulastenbury, remained till about 1745, and not a wigwam 
L.D. 1760. 

\ Pocumptuck, (Springfield, or Deerfleld) a large tribe [for- 
merly]. "The Indians all above Hartford, Westfield, and 
'j)eerfield, went off in Philip's war, when Springfield was 

1 After 1676, all the Indians malcontents retreated from New- 
England to Skotacook, on Hudson river (about 12 miles 
orth of Albany), where they continued till since the present 
iar [1761], when they committed hostilities on the English 
I Stockbridge. About A. D. 1754 they fled and incorpora- 
"d with the St. Francis Indians, about 12 families. 
i Kockopotanauh, sachem of Derby, Milford, and Stratford 
idians, [Connecticut] lived at Derby, where he died A. D. 
$31. Within the memory of Mrs. Hemingway [in 1761 
ittat. 57] he had under him 60 men. 

| At Hassimanisco, in 1764, Dr. Stiles says, "I saw the 
l.irying place and graves of 60 or more Indians. Now not 
<male Indian in the town ; perhaps five squaws, who marry 
igroes." Itinerary. 

I Letter from Rev. John Devotion of Saybrook, to 
-Rev. Dr. Stiles, inclosing Mr. Occum's Account of 
the montauk indians. 



HIS account inclosed is the draught, composition, hand- 
writing, and style of the Rev. Mr. Sampson Occum, who 
vol. x. p lives 

106 Account of the Montauk Indians. 

lives among the Montucks, whose character as a minister o 
the gospel, but more especially his good judgment and Chris 
tian sobriety entitle it to your notice. And he is not a little 
acquainted with the Indians far and near. Colonel Gardiner 
in his letter to me, says thus : " Our Montucks have neveij 
had but one proper sachem since the English settled here: 
his name was Wyendance, and he presided over all the In- 
dians in Suffolk county, was a subtil, crafty man, and his 
children never went into his measures in government, neithei 
were they able to govern the people." I have not founc 
that there are any more Indians in this town, than what 
sent you an account of. The government has ordered a cenj/i 
sus to be returned at May sessions, and if the towns are sc ii 
curious, as to return the Indians by themselves, I will endea- 
vour to obtain that account and send you hereafter. 

; i 

An Account of the Montauk Indians, on Long-Island[ 
By Rev. Sampson Occum,* A. D. 1761 


I SHALL give you the best account of some of the anljjj 
cient customs and ways of the Montauk Indians, al f . 
memory will inform us at present. L 

1. I shall begin with their marriages. They had fouij L 
ways of marrying. The first is, as soon as the childrer 
are born, or presently after they are born, parents" mad* 
matches for their children. The father of a male child goes 
to the parents of a girl, and takes with him a skin or twoF 
such as they wore before the English came, and since the]'", 
have had blankets, takes a blanket and some other presents, "f 
and delivers them to the parents of the girl, and then he wily! 
relate his business to them, and when he has done, the otheij 3 " 1 
party will manifest their thankfulness, if they agree in the mat-j* 
ter; but if not, they will say nothing, but return the things.; 11 ' 
and the man must carry them elsewhere. But where therejj 
is agreement, they will proceed to accomplish the marriage.:^ 


* Mr. Occum was an Indian of the Moheagan tribe. See an account oF 
him in Coll. Hist. Soc. ix. 89. 

Account of the Montauk Indians. 107 

jThey prefix a time, and both parties will make preparations. 
|The parents of the boy prepare cloathing, ornaments, and oth- 
}r presents ; and the other prepare a great feast ; and the rela- 
jions of both parties generally join in making these prepara- 
ions, and when the appointed time comes, the parents of the 
|irl and their relations bundle up their preparations, and will 
lall as many guests as they please. The other party also gets 
p. readiness with their company, and all things being ready on 
joth sides, the parents of the girl take up their child, and march 
pith their company to the man's house, and they go in boldly 
Without any compliments, and deliver their child to the man 
jnd his wife, and they receive their daughter in law with all 
jnaginable joy, and the mother will suckle the young couple, 
lie one at one breast, and the other to the other breast, and 
«oth mothers will take their turns in suckling the couple; and 
I the children are weaned, they must eat out of one dish ; 
rid in the mean time the whole company is devouring the 
last, and after the feast they will distribute the presents one 

I another, and this being ended they have completed the 
Carriage; and every one returns to their wigwams, and the 
i)uple that are just married are kept at their parents' houses 

II they are grown up, and if they see fit to live together they 
■ill ; if not, the parents can't make them to live together, 

! it they will choose other companions for themselves. 
.1 2. Parents stay till their children are grown up, and then 
'ill proceed in the same manner in marrying their children, 
I the former ; but if the father be dead, the mother will un- 
■Ttake for her son ; if both father and mother are dead, some 
fear relation will undertake. There is no material difference 
fttween this and the other just mentioned. Many times the 
tj'uple that are to be married never see one another till the 
Kry minute they are join'd in wedlock ; in this the young 
ran is seated in a high bench in a wigwam, and the young 
Toman is led by the hand, by her father or by some near rela- 
Ipn, to the young man, and set her down by him, and imme- 
iately a dish of victuals is brought and set before them, and 
tey eat together, &c. 

3. Young people and others are allowed to choose com- 
] nions for themselves. When a young couple conclude to 
live each other, they acquaint their parents of it, or near rela- 
tions ; 

108 Account of the Montauk Indians. 

tions ; and they assist them in it, they generally make a feast 
&,c. Sometimes the couple themselves make a small feast, 
and so call few neighbours to eat and drink with them. 

4. The couple that are to live together make no noise about 
it ; but the woman makes few cakes baked in ashes, and puts 
them in a basket and carries them to the man, and sets them 
down before him, and if they have been free together he is 
obliged to receive what is set before him, and to live togeth- 
er ; but small provocations use to part them, and [they] mar- 
ry others. 

II. The way of naming their children. They use to 
make great dances or frolicks. They made great prepara- 
tions for these dances, of wampum, beads, jewels, dishes, and 
cloathing, and liquors, &c. Sometimes two or three families 
join in naming their children, so make great preparation to 
make a great dance. When they have got all things ready, 
they will call their neighbours together, very often send to 
other towns of Indians, and when they have all got together, 
they will begin their dance, and to distribute their gifts, and 
every person that receives the gifts or liquors, gets up and 
pronounces the name that a child is to be called by, with a 
loud voice three times. But sometimes a young man or wo- 
man will be ashamed to pronounce the name, and they will 
get some other person to do it. Very often one family will 
make small preparations, and call few old people to name a 
child ; and it was very common with them to name their 
children two or three times over by different names, and at 
different times, and old people very often gave new names atl, 
to themselves. 

III. Concerning their gods. They imagined a great 
number of gods. There were the gods of the four corners of 
the earth ; the god of the east, the god of the west, the god 
of the north, the god of the south ; and there was a god overjtoK 
their corn, another over their beans, another over their pump-!fc 
kins, and squashes, &c. There was one god over their wig- ciaj 
warns, another of the fire, another over the sea, another of 
the wind, one of the day, and another of the night ; and i e 
there were four gods over the four parts of the year, &c. &c 

But they had a notion of one great and good God, that \\ t 
was over all the rest of the gods, which they called Cauhlun 


Account of the Montauk Indians. 109 

toowut, which signifies one that is possessed with supreme 
power. They also had a notion of a great evil god, which 
they called Mutcheshesunnetooh, which signifies evil power, 
who they say is mischievous, &c. 

And to these gods they call for help under every difficulty, 
:and to them they offered their sacrifices of various kinds, &c. 
As for their images, they kept them as oracles. The pow- 
iwaws consult these images to know the minds of their gods ; 
(for they pretend these images tell what the people should do 
Sto the gods, either to make a dance or a feast, or give some- 
thing to the old people, or sacrifice to the gods. 

IV. As for the Powaws, they say they get their art from 
(dreams ; and one has told me they get their art from the devil, 
jbut then partly by dreams or night visions, and partly by the 
devil's immediate appearance to them by various shapes; 
^sometimes in the shape of one creature, sometimes in another, 
sometimes by a voice, &c. and their poisoning one another, 
and taking out poison, they say is no imaginary thing, but 
ireal. I have heard some say, that have been poisoned, it puts 

'them into great pain, and when a powaw takes out the poison 
ihey have found immediate relief; at other times they feel no 
jjnanner of pain, but feel strangely by degrees, till they are 
ibenseless, and then they will run mad. Sometimes they would 
£jun into the water ; sometimes into the fire ; and at other 
ij:imes run up to the top of high trees and tumble down head- 
ilong to the ground, yet receive no hurt by all these. And I 
ion't see for my part, why it is not as true, as the English or 
bther nation's witchcraft, but is a great mystery of dark- 
less, &c. 

V. Concerning their dead, burial, and mourning. 
fhey use to wash their dead clean, and adorn them with all 
'nanner of ornaments, and paint the face of them with divers 
colours, and make a great lamentation over their dead. When 

fihey carry the corpse to the grave, the whole company, espe- 
cially of the women, make a doleful and a very mournful and 
oud lamentation, all the way as they go to the grave, and at 
iihe grave; and they use to bury great many things with their 
jjlead, especially the things that belonged to the dead, and what 
ijhey did not bury they would give away, and they would nev- 
ltr live in a wigwam, in which any person died, but will im- 
mediately pull it down, and they generally mourned for their 


110 Account of the Montauk Indians. 

dead about a year, and the time they are in mourning the 
women kept their faces blackt with coal mixt with grease, 
neither would they wear fine cloathes, nor sing, nor dance, 
neither will the mourners mention the name by which their 
dead was called, nor suffer any one in the whole place to 
mention it till some of the relations is called by the same 
name ; and when they put off their mourning habit, they 
generally made a great nightly dance. They begin it in 
the evening and hold it till morning. 

VI. Concerning their notions of future state. They 
believed the existence of their souls after their bodies are dead. 
Their souls go to the westward a great way off, where the 
righteous, or those that behaved themselves well in this world, 
will exercise themselves in pleasurable singing and dancing 
forever, in the presence of their Sawwonnuntoh or their west- 
ern god, from whom they have received their beans and corn, 
their pumpkins, squashes, and all such things. They suppose 
the wicked go to the same place or country with the righteous ; 
but they are to be exercised in some hard servile labour, or 
some perplexing exercise, such as fetching water in a riddle, 
or making a canoe with a round stone, &c. 

These were common notions with all Long Island Indians. 

In the year 1741 there was a general reformation among 
these Indians, and [they] renounced all their heathenish 
idolatry and superstition, and many of them became true 
Christians, in a judgment of charity. Many of them can 
read, write, and cypher well ; and they have had gospel min- 
isters to teach them from that time to this ; but they are not 
so zealous in religion now, as they were some years ago. 


No. in 



No. in 


Cyrus Charles 



James Fowler 




John Peter 







John Peter, jun. 














Joseph Pharaoh 



Peggee Peter 




Stephen Pharaoh 



Widow Rafe 




George Pharaoh 



Gid Gaunuck 




Richard Pharaoh 



David Ruckets 




Old Ned 



Widow Moll 




Old Pharaoh 



Widow Jane 




Molatto Ned 



Jane Pharaoh 





Account of the Stratford Indians. Ill 



in Family. 


No. in Family. 

Brought over 




Stephen Cezer 



Widow Betty 




Andonia Fowler 



Widow James 




Widow Pegge 



David Tutt 




Samuel Neases 



Widow Tutt 




Roben Farnely 



Widow Shime 




Widow Cyrus 





otal souls 


Rev. Mr. 


Memoir of Block-Island, or Manisses, A. D. 1762. Bs 

Dr. Stiles. 

THE Island (which had previously received the name of 
New-Shoreham) contained, A. D. 1756, about 45 
;]dwelling houses, and 55 or 60 families,* English ; and few 
jJndians, but no wigwams. All but two or three within 2J 
■miles of the meeting-house. " There is a ministry lot on 
tBIock-Island, w 7 hich rents for 4001. old tenor per. ann. Mr. 
Maxfield received part of it A. D. 1756." 

LIn Account of the Indians in and about Stratford 
(Connecticut), in a Letter from Rev. Nathan Bird- 
sey, to Rev. E. Stiles, dated Stratford, Sept. 3, 

Rev. Sir, 

OUR'S of June 24 &c. I received ; and in compliance 
with your request have made inquiry and got the best 
formation I can concerning the number of Indians and their 
igwams and families in and about Stratford 40, 50, or 60 
ears ago ; and also the present few broken remains of them, 
t Oronoake there have been no wigwams, unless one or 
§wo a few months in winter, for above 40 years. There were 
bout 80 or 90 years ago, two Indian villages at Oronoake, 
nit when the English settled here the Indians removed. 
t Paugasset, i. e. by Derby ferry and against Derby neck, 
lere were 50 years ago about 8 or 10 wigwams, probably 
iontaining 10 or 12 families: but now no remains of them. 


* " As given me, ,: says Dr. Stiles, " by the Rev. Mr. Maxfield." 

112 Account of the Stratford Indians. 

At Turkey hill at the lower corner of Derby by the river, 
there was an Indian village of, I suppose, 8 or 10 families, 
who had a tract of land secured to them by the government. 
They have continued the longest of any ; but they are now 
reduced to but one or two broken families, I believe not above 
2 or 3 men belonging to them. 

There were at Pauquaunuch, i. e. Stratfield, the place cal- 
led Golden hill, about 20 or 25 wigwams 50 years ago. And 
in several other parts of the town there were small clans of 
two or three wigwams ; but now not one at Golden hill or 
in any part of the town that I can learn, only here and there 
a scattering squaw, and scarcely a poppoose. 

At Poodatook by the river against Newtown, I have been 
lately informed by some Newtown people, when Newtown 
was first settled, a little above 50 years ago, there were reck- 
oned of that tribe 50 fighting men ; but now only one man 
among the broken remains of 2 or 3 families. I suppose in 
the whole bounds of Stratford 50 years ago, the best calcu- 
lation that can be made of their numbers is about 60 or 70, 
perhaps 80, fighting men ; now not above 3 or 4 Indian men, 
reckoning every straggler in all the town. 


The tribe that 50 years ago lived about Derby, Newtown, 
&c. are now retired back to the upper end of Kent on the 
w r est side of Oustonnoc river over against Raumaug, and 
consist of 127 souls according to the publick census in 1762. 

An Account of the Potenummecut Indians.* Taken by 

Dr. Stiles, on the spot, June 4, 1762. pi 

Sons. Daughters. 

John Ralph, minister, 1 - 2 

Isaac James 0-0 

Richard Attoman . . „ . - 

Joshua Pompmoh - 2 

John Ralph, jun. -----1-1 




* This tribe was seated near Harwich, in Old Plymouth colony. See 
Coll. Hist. Soc. i. 197. 

Account of the Mashpee Indians. 


Samuel Crook 

Amos Lawrence, perhaps 

2 or 3 children, 
David Quonsit 
David Ned 
John Davis 
Joseph Toby 
Micah Ralph, perhaps 
Samuel Cuzzen, perhaps 


Sarah Cuzzen, iEtat. 80. 

Sarah George 

Dorcas Quonsit 

Mercy Attomon 

Mercy Tom 

Suse Francis 

Hester Attomon 

Margery Pompmoh 

Hope Oliver 

Hannah Tom 

Lydia Pierce 

Beck Francis 

Ruth Ralph 

Hester Jethro 

Married men 

Suppose as many wives 


Unmarried children < 
Total souls in the tribe 









































u Forty years ago, at a wedding were counted seven score 
dians at Potenummecut." " A great plague among the 
dians at Potenummecut first before the English came." 

Mashpee Indians, A. D. 1762. 

i 1 Mr. Hawley [Missionary] has about 75 Indian families at 
- lashpee; not 4 to a family at a medium. [We have gen- 

VOL. X. Q 

114 Account of the Eastern Indians. 

erally followed the several MSS. in the orthography. Rev 
Mr. Hawley, in his last letter to the Society for propagating 
the Gospel, observes, " Massapee is the true spelling." Edit/] 

Monymoyk Indians,* A. D. 1762. 

The sachem was Samuel Quasson, aged 60 years. The 
tribe called Quasson " now not 30 men, women, and children.' 

Saconet Indians. 

Awaushunks, squaw sachem of Saugkonnet, had two sons ; 
the youngest was William Mommynewit, or Maummynuey. 
Plymouth court ordered the grantees to buy off the oldest, 
Maummynuey was put to grammar school, and learned 
latin ; designed for college, but was seized with the palsy, 
He sold some land. 

The bounds of the Saconet tribe were a line from Pacher 
Brook to the head of Coaxet. About 60 years ago, or A. D 
1700, there were 100 Indian men of the tribe, and the gen- 
eral assembly appointed Numpaus their captain, who lived tc 
be an old man, and died about a dozen years ago, since the! 1 
taking of Cape Breton, 1745. Mr. Ebenezer Davenpon 
says, he has heard his father say, that he knew 100 Indiar 
men there. 

Eastern Indians. 

A. D. 1710, there were computed about 300 warrior! 
westward of Penobscot. The Indian war with the easterr 
Indians began about A. D. 1702, and ended July 1713 
opened again 1722, and closed 1725. Dr. Mather, speak 
ing of their numbers about A. D. 1710, says, "their numi 
bers at first (among the several tribes) were computed 45C 
fighting men from Penobscot, westward ; they were now 
reduced to about 300." Hist. Wars N. Eng. p. 60. / sup\ le 
pose (subjoins Dr. Stiles) this includes all the tribes fron\ | 
Boston to Penobscot. Itinerary, Vol. I. 


* Seated at Chatham, on Cape Cod. Spelt by Gookin Manamoyik 
See Coll. Hist. Soc. i. 197. 

Account of the Indians in Acadie. 115 

Governour Dummer, in a speech to the assembly of Mas- 
sachusetts, May 26, 1726, observed : " The Penobscot tribe 
and those of Kennebec are generally removed to St. Francois, 
and other parts of the river St. Lawrence." 

Indians in Acadie, A. D. 1760. 

Extract of a letter from Col. Frye to his excellency the 
governour of Nova Scotia, dated, Fort Cumberland, Chig- 
necto, March 7, 1760. 
" I informed your excellency in my last of 10th Decem- 
ber, of the submission of the French peasants residing at Meri- 
michi, Rishebucta, Bouetox, Percondiack, and Memevam- 
cook, made by their deputies sent here for that purpose. On 
the 30th of January last Mr. Manach, a French priest, who 
f| has had the charge of the people at Merimichi, Rishebucta and 
Bouetox, with a number of principal men of those places, ar- 
rived here, when they renewed their submission in a formal 
manner by subscribing articles, &c. 

" With the French priest came two Indian chiefs, viz. 
Paul Laurence, and Augustine Michael. Laurence tells me 
he was a prisoner in Boston, and lived with Mr. Henshaw, a 
blacksmith. He is chief of a tribe, which before the war lived 
at La Have : Augustine is chief of a tribe at Rishebucta. I 
have received their submissions, for themselves and tribes, to 
his Britannick Majesty, and sent them to Halifax for the terms 
by governour Laurence. I have likewise received the submis- 
sions of two other chiefs, whom I dealt with as those before 
^mentioned ; and was in hopes (which I mentioned to Mr. 
'niManach) I had no more treaties to make with savages. But 
il3 he told me I was mistaken, for there would be a great many 
^ more here upon the same business, as soon as their spring 
:iji* hunting was over : and upon my enquiring how many, he 
ave a list of 14 chiefs, including those already mentioned, 
ost of which he said would come. Mr. Manach farther told 
e, they were all of one nation, and known by the name of 
T icmacks ; that they were very numerous, amounting to near 
hree thousand souls ; that he had learned their language, since 
e had been among them, and found so much excellence in 
It, that he was well persuaded, if the beauties of it were known 




116 Account of the Vidians in Acadie. 

in Europe, there would be seminaries erected for the propa- 
gation of it, he. If there be so many of these Indians, as he 
says there are, I know this Province, as it abounds very plen- 
tifully with furs, may reap a vast advantage by them, provided 
Canada returns not into the hands of the French." 

Names of the Indian Chiefs, inhabiting the Coast of 


Louis Francis - Chief of Merimichi 

Dennis Winemowet - - Chief of Tabogimkik 

Etienne Abehabo - Chief of Pohomoosh 

Claud Atanaze - Chief of Gediack 

Michael Algoumatimpk - - Chief of Kashpugowitk 

Joseph Algiman - Chief of Chignecto 

John Newit - - - Chief of Pictou 

Baptist La Morue - - Chief of Isle of St. John's 

Reni - Chief of Nalkitgoniash 

Jeannot Piguidawalwet - - Chief of Cape Breton 

Claud - Chief of Chigabennakadik 

Michael Algoumatimpk - - Chief of Keshpugowitk 

Batelemy Aunqualett - - Chief of Minas 

Augustine Michael - - Chief of Rishebouctou. 





" This is an exact copy of the list of Indian chiefs, as I 
found it in the Pennsylvania Gazette. But. I do not find 
Paul Laurence here : and it is strange that there should be _ 
two chiefs of the same place and the same name." 

Annexed to the preceding account in Dr. Stiles's MSS. is 
the following paragraph : 

" Halifax, July 2, 1761. On Wednesday the 25th ult. 
his honour the commander in chief, (lieut. governour Belcher) 
assisted by his majesty's council, publickly received the sub-i 
mission of the chiefs of the Mirimichy, Jediuk and Pogi-| 
nouch, Mickmack tribes of Indians inhabiting these districts,! 
and entered into a treaty of peace and friendship with them. ,: j 

Number of Indians in Connecticut. 


The Number of Indians in Connecticut. From " An 
Account of the Number of Inhabitants" in that Col- 
ony, taken January 1, 1774, and published by order 
of the General Assembly. 



I 8 


5 3 


a p 

•~ o 














































! 32 | 32 | 24 | 34 | 122 
































27 | 19 | 9 | 16 | 71 






























18 | 19 | 16 | 61 


Number of Indians in Connecticut, 



"3 a 



fl P 

CO >, 











Pom fret 















































43 | 47 | 31 | 37 | 158 






New Hartford 











p 1 

























i : 







Total in Litchfield County 
In N. London County* 
In Hartford County 
In New-Haven County 
In Fairfield County 
In Windham County 

Total in Connecticut 

























| 391 | 355 | 244 | 373 |1363 

* The number in each town in this county is not inserted here, be- 
cause it has already been inserted, in a " Memoir of the Moheagans," lj 
in Vol. ix. p. 79, of the Collections of the Historical Society. 

Number of Indians in Rhode-Island, 


The Number of Indians in Rhode-Island. From an 
" Account of the Number of Inhabitants in that Col- 

June, 1774, and ordered to be Printed by the Gen- 
eral Assembly. 




Above Under 

Above i Under 

16 | 16 

16 1 16 

New Shoreham 
North Kingston 
fcouth Kingston 
(East Greenwich 
Uttle Compton 

^orth Providence 

nfotal Indians in R. Island. | 284 | 396 | 482 | 320 | 1482 

! 4 






























i 10 . 






































































































Kn Account of several Nations of Southern Indians. 
! In a Letter from Rev. Elam Potter, to Rev. Dr. 
| Stiles, A. D. 1768. 

Rev, Sir, 

[N answer to your request I have collected from my jour- 
nals the following account of the various nations of In- 
ians, bordering on the back parts of Virginia, the Carolinas, 
Georgia and the Floridas. 1. Of 

120 Account of the Southern Indians. 

I. Of the Cherokees. 
This nation live principally upon the river Tenisa, which 

empties into the Mississippi. The body of this nation is situ- 
ate about 220 miles northwest of Charleston, in South-Car- 
olina, but their land and some of their settlements extend far 
northward, and border eastward on Virginia, North and South 
Carolina. June before last, his excellency William Tryon 
run a line betwixt them and the province of North-Carolina, 
to their general satisfaction. The Appalachian mountains 
run through this nation. The Rev. Mr. Richardson of South- 
Carolina informs me, that when he was amongst them as a 
missionary, ten years ago, they had about 1500 fighting men; 
but since then they have been greatly diminished by the wars 
with other nations, with the English, and by the small-pox, 
which is a most fatal disease among them. Since the war 
Mr. Hamrah from England has settled among them, and 
teaches some to read and write English, &c. 

II. Of the Cataupas.* 
These are a nation who lie upon the river Cataupa, near the 

line that dividesNorthand South-Carolina,and they are situate 
about 180 miles from the sea. They live upon a tract of 
land which the king ordered the government tolay out for them, 
and was to consist of 30 miles square. In the year 1760, 
they were so reduced by the small-pox, that they have accept- 
ed of but 15 miles square. They may consist of 20 or 30 
families, and their number is about 100 souls. 

Their Religion. They acknowledge one supreme being ; 
and think that when they die they shall go to the southwest. 
When they die, all their substance is buried with them. They 
very devoutly attend worship, when among the English upon 
such an occasion ; and are desirous to have their children 
trained up in English schools. Their fatal remedy for the 
small-pox is the cold bath* 

III. Of the Cheraws. 
These were formerly a considerable nation, but of late 

have been so depopulated by wars and sickness, that they 
have fled to the Cataupas for protection, and now live 
amongst them. They consist of about 50 or 60 souls. 

IV. Of the Creeks. 
This nation lies southwest of Georgia, and some of their 

settlements not far from the river St. Mary's. This is a very |jj 


* Commonly written Catawbas, Edit. 


A List of different Nations of Indians, 121 

powerful nation, and they have formerly been very valiant in 
war, and have not scrupled to call themselves the lords of the 
earth. They may be able (from the best accounts I could 
have of them) to raise about 1600 fighting men. 

V. Of the Choctaws. 

These lie westward of the Creeks, and border on the Mis- 
sissippi river, and are about the latitude 28. It is of late 
they have been furnished with fire arms, with which they de- 
feated the Creeks in an engagement last winter. They may 
possibly be able to raise 8 or 900 fighting men, I believe not 
more ; but I could get no certain account of their number, it 
being very lately that any traders have gone amongst them. 

VI. Of the Chickasaws. 

This nation live south of the Creeks, and border upon the 
'Floridas. This is a very considerable nation, but not equal 
to some of their neighbours. As to their number, I could 
obtain no certain account, but presume they may be able to 
Iraise 3 or 400 fighting men. 

These accounts, Sir, I had from the most knowing and in- 
telligent gentlemen that I conversed with ; and if there are 
iany other nations or tribes of natives that I have not men- 
tioned, they must be very small and inconsiderable : but I 
have mentioned every nation that I could gain intelligence of. 
I am, Rev. Sir, 

-Your most obliged, 

and very humble servant, 

New-Haven, Sept. 12, 1768. 

For Dr. Stiles." 

A List of the different Nations of Indians, that met 
Sir William Johnson, at Niagara, July 1761, to make 
Peace in behalf of their Tribes. Inclosed in a Let- 
ter from Colonel Joseph Goldthwait, of Boston, to 
Dr. Stiles, A. D. 1766. 

]Joughnawagas 124 Ouquagos* 117 

Mohawks 110 Onnondagas 115 

Schoaries 14 Cojoges* 166 

onnejories 57 Senecas* 180 

)neidas 120 Genneces* 292 

Tuskoraries* 64 Mennominies* 99 

vol. x. B, 

122 Indians at a Treaty, A. D. 1764. 

Brought over 1458 Hurons 25 

Ottawagas ; 169 Stockbridge 120 

Chipawawas* 71 Indian Officers, under ) ^ 

Messessaques* 14 Sir William J 

Fox* 20 

Saxest 20 1942 

Pewinsf 13 

" The Indians marked thus* made peace with Sir William, 
the other being all at peace with us before." 

f The two nations with this mark " never were at war with 
us, but came by invitation of Sir William to the Congress." 

" Col. Bradstreet after this went to Detroit with the army, 
and on his way made peace with the southern Indians, and 
those living round lake Erie." 

'" Enclosed," writes Col. Goldthwait, a is a pair of Indian 
Moccasons, made by a squaw of the Fox tribe, also a pair of 
garters. I also send you a French bowl of a pipe which was 
presented to the Huron tribe by a French priest ; the decora- 
tions are lost, but it may serve to hang up in your study, as 
it is made of some ore spewed out of a rock near lake St. 
Clair. Also the cover is a deer skin I saw drest by an Indian 
girl of the Oneida tribe, of eleven years old." 


Indian War A. D. 1764. 

July 3, 1764, Sir William Johnson and Col. Bradstreet 
with the forces under their command, set out from fort On- 
tario at Oswego, for Niagara. The forces consisted of the 
following men, viz. 

Of the 17th Regiment - - - - - 243 

55th 98 

New-York 344 

New-Jersey 209 

Connecticut 219 

Batteauxmen ----- 74 

Carpenters 9—1196 

Regulars 341 

Provincials 855 


Indians 728* 


* This is stated as the number of Indians which accompanied Sir 
William Johnson, &c, but the number that actually attended the treaty 
is stated at 1942. See supra. 

Number of Delaware Indians* 


An Estimate of the Indian Nations, employed by the 
British in the Revolutionary War, with the Num- 
ber of Warriors annexed to each Nation* By 
Captain Dalton, superintendent of Indian affairs for the 
United States, who, after being several years a " prisoner 
with the enemy," arrived at Philadelphia, where he pub- 
lished the following account, 5 August, 1783. 

■ Chickasaws 











j! Mohawks 

Estimate of the Number of Delaware and other 
Indians, A. D. 1794. 











Jeneckawsf [Senecas] 



Sues and Sothuze 









Muskulthe or nation of fire 



Reiners or Foxers 









Abinohkie or the St. ) 
Lawrence $ 







At the grand Indian battle at Miami, 26 August, 1794, 
was captured by general Wayne, Antoine Lassell. He 
resided 22 years in Upper Canada, 21 of which at Detroit, 
and on Miami river. He resided at Miami villages 19 years 
before Harmar's expedition, when he kept store at that 
place. He was perfectly acquainted with the tribes and 
numbers of the Indians. His estimate was : 

Miamis - 
Tawas, or River 

500 warriors 






* The Rev. Mr. Kirtland (Missionary) informed Dr. Stiles, that 
there were "410 souls before the war;" and that "120 joined the en- 

t In 1783, Mr. Kirtland estimated the whole nrmber of fighting men 
in the Seneca tribe, at 600. 

124 Rev. Mr. Eliot's Letter. 

Excepting a few hunters, they were generally in the ac- 
tion of 26 August 1794.. President Stiles' MSS. 

[According to another account, there were in that action, 

Shawanese 200 

Delawares - 300 

Miarnis 100 

Of others ... 100 


Tawas 240, Wyandots 300. expected but not then assem- 

An Account of Indian Churches in New-England, in a 
Letter written A. D. 1673, by Rev. John Eliot, of 
Roxbury. Copied under President Stiles's inspec- 

own hand writing, in the llbrary of the mathers 
at Boston. 

Rev. and beloved Brother, 

YOU tould me that a friend of yours desired to be in- 
formed in the present state of the gospel work among 
the Indians, and desired me to furnish you with matter of 
information. I find you propose an hard work, especially 
considering how much variety of employments lyeth on me, Ji 
but if you would propose any questions to me, I would en- 
deavour to give you a short answer thereunto, which you 
accepted and do propose. 

Q. How many churches are gathered, and where ? 

A. There be (through the grace of Christ) six churches 
gathered, according to the order of gathering churches among 
the English, one at Natick, one at Hassanemeset, 28 miles 
to the west, one at Mashpege 20 miles east of Plymouth, 
two at Martyn's Vinyard, and one at Nantucket. 

Q. What is the maner usually of their inchurching ? 

A. The same (so near as we can) that is practised in 
gathering churches among the English. The history of 
gathering the church at Hassanemeset I wrote unto the 
honorable corporation in London, to be published, 1 refer the 
answer to this question unto that example. 

Q. What number of members in each church are in full 
comunion ? 

A. 1 have not numberd them, nor can I, though all bap- 
tized, both adult and infants, are registred in the church at 

Natick ; 

Rev. Mr. Eliot's Letter. 125 

Natick ; as also burials of such as are baptized, jet I know 
not if any of the other churches do so. 

Q. Whether brotherly watch is observ'd among them ac- 
cording to Mat. 18, &c. 

A. Yes it is so, and one is under admonition at this day, 
yea. they are so severe that I am put to bridle them to mod- 
ration and forbearance. 

Q. Whether are all furnished with church officers ; if not, 
vvhich or how many are destitute ? 

A. All are furnished with officers, saving the church at 
Satick, and in modesty they stand off, because so long as I 
ive, they say, there is no need ; but we propose (God wil- 
ling) not always to rest in this answer. 

Q. Whether are they able and willing to provide for the 
Outward subsistance of their Elders, that they may live of 
,he gospel ? 

A. They are willing according to what they have, and not 
according to what they have not ; they willingly pay their 
yths and the commissioners allow them a man pr. ann. which 
enders their subsistence above their brethren, though low at 
be best. 

Q. Whether their pastors do administer the sacrament 
mong them ? 

A. They doe so. 

Q. Whether praying to God, reading of the scriptures, and 
atechising, &c. be attended in their familys duly ? 

A. According to their ability it is so, but sundry cannot 
ead ; all christians learn and rehearse catechise. 

Q. What is their discipline in their churches, and whether 
ley have consented to any model of church ordinances? 

A. They both consent unto and practise the same disci- 
line and ordinances as we practise in the English congre- 
ational churches, they studiously endeavour to write after 
le English copy in all church order. 

Q. Whether the Indian churches are settled in a way of 
ommunion of churches one with another by Synods, or how ? 

A. Our churches have communion in the sacraments and 

nd messengers to gatherings of churches, but have yet had 
o occasion of Synods. 

Q. Whether they are conscientious of the sabbath day ? 

A. Through the grace of Christ they are so. 

Q. Whether Pauwauing be practised among them ? 

A. It 

126 Rev. Mr. Eliofs Letter. 

A. It is abandon'd, exploded, and abolish'd, as also game 
by lottery and for wager, &c. 

Q. Whether they observe any days of fasting and thanks 
giving ? 

A. All days of publick fasting and thanksgiving which an 
exercised among us, they do religiously observe, even as thej 
doe the sabbaths, and sometimes we have fasting days amon£ 

Q. Whether there are daily added to the church new con 
verts, and that upon the Lords blessing upon the word preach 
ed by the pastors ? 

A. This is too strickt, daily added is a private word in i 
numerous church of religious and inlightened people ; we are 
a blind thin and scattered wild people ; 20 or 30 years time 
have made a visible appearance of a divine work, and I ob< \ 
serve a great blessing to follow the labours of their own coun 
trimen who labour among them. 

Q. What is the manner of their admission of any new 
converts into the churches ? 

A. They are diligently instructed and examined both pub- 
lickly and privately in the catechism ; their blaimless and pi 
ous conversation, is publickly testified, their names are pub- 
lickly exposed as desireing to make confession and join unto|t( 
the church. The teachers and chief brethren do first heai 
their preparatory confessions, and when they judge them meet 
they are called publickly to confess, confederate and be bap- 
tized, both themselves and their children, if not up grown ; id 
the up grown are called upon to make their own confession, 
and so to be baptized as their parents were. 

Q. Whether they are acknowledged by any of the church 
es of English, and accepted to communion occasionally in the id 
churches ? 

A. Once when I was at the Vinyard, I administred the|(j a 
sacraments in the English church, and they accepted the In 
dian church to join with them, I told them that Christ di 
please first to beautify this his litle spouse with this jewel of 
love to embrace into their communion the Indian converts i 
church ordinances ; another time I administred the sacraments! [ 
in the Indian church, and such of the English church as saw| ai 
meet joined with us. Brother, if you know not, you may 
know how I have moved and argued among the Elders, tha 
it will be an act of honour to Christ, to the churches, and toj 


- w 


Rev. Mr. Eliot's Letter. 127 

yourselves, and but a fit yea necessary encouragement unto 
fche work to accept them into your communion which the 
Lord hath so manifestly, undenyably accepted. I am quiet 
; n the plea of the diversity of language. 
H Q« What is their church care for their children, and wheth- 
er nothing of anabaptism hath leavened them ? 
| A. They see with the eyes of their own children, who have 
fceen trailed up religiously and at schools, are now become 
4Seachers in the assembly of praying Indians, and in the ex- 
ercise of their gifts at Natick, doe approve themselves good 
proficients in religion which maketh both them and me desir- 
-|us a few schools to be erected at Natick. Two praying In- 
dians of the Vinyard were seduced by the English anabaptists 
f Nantucket, but all the rest are stedfast, I praise God for 
, and whether they are recovered I cannot say. 
Q. Whether any spirit or way of heterodoxy hath sprung 
p among them ? 

A. Not any; they have a deep sense of their own darkness 
nd ignorance, and a reverent esteem of the light and good- 
ess of the English, and an evident observation that such 
English as warp into errors doe also decline from goodness, 
y which means satan hath yet found no door of entrance 
no them. They have often discourses and sometimes va- 
ety of apprehensions which is speedily brought to me, and 
:: (11 rest in such scripture determinations as I express. 

Q. Whether they have any schools, and the order thereof, 

ad the proficiency that hath done therein ? 

A. We have schools ; many can read, some write, sundry 

)le to exercise in publick, are sent by the church to teach in 

: ew praying places and who live remote from the churches 

- id some or other of them doe every lecture day, at Natick, 

sercise their gifts two or three on a day, and I moderate. 

desire to carry on school work strongly, but alas we want 

eans, it would be a means to further the work greatly to 

und a free school amongst them. 

Q. How doe those Indians that are not in church order 

li irry it towards their neighbours that are in church state ? 

A. With reverence and good esteem. Such as are approv- 

1 and received by the church, are advanc'd to a good degree 

the eyes of all the people, and the rather it is so, because 

ey know it is free for them to have the same privelige, and 



128 Rev. Mr. Eliot 9 s Letter. 

they are exhorted to it, pains taken with them, to bring 
them to it, and they are- sensible that only their ignorance 
and other sins keep them from it. 

Q. What encouragement is there (as to outward matters) 
for any of the nations of England or Scotland to undertake 
the work of the ministry among them, by devoting himself 
wholly or mainly thereunto ? 

A. Nothing but poverty and hardships, unsupportable in a 
constant way by our cloathd and housed nations. He that 
doth undertake the work must be a giver and not a receiver, in 
outward matters, and the fuller his hand is, to be a giver, the 
more rome he will find in the acceptation of the worst of men ; 
who knoweth not this to be the frame of all mankind ? Their 
national customs are connatural to them. Their own nation 
trained up and schooled unto ability for the work, are the most 
likely instruments to carry on this work, and therefore a few 
schools among themselves, with true hearted governors and 
teachers, is the most probable way of advancing this work. 

Q. How doe the converted Indians stand affected towards 
the English, by means of whom they have receiv'd the 
gospel .?■ 

A. They have a great reverence and esteem of them, and 
ordinaryly in their prayers they thank God for them, and pray 
for them as the instrument of God for their good ; but the bu- 
siness about land giveth them no small matter of stumbling, 
but then for the ruling part of the English to be right carried. 

Q. Whether as to their civile government, they are wholly 
conformd to the English, or have any peculiar ordering of 
their own whereby they are ruled ? 

A. Conformed is a great word; we are expressly conformd 
to the scriptures, and to that form of government which we 
find Israel was under at the first, and never quite lost, to have 
rulers of ten, of fifty, of an hundred, we have yet gone no 
higher. Capt. Gookings and I did lately visit the now pray- 
ing towns, some of them in Nipmuck, and he appointed a 
ruler (who is their ancient Sachem, a godly man) over 5 or 6 j 
or 7 towns, and a general constable. All the praying Indians 
have submitted themselves to the English government. The 
general court hath (after the decease of others, as Mr. Nowel,|ljj 
Mr. Atherton,) authorised Capt. Gookings with the power of|tj s 
a county court to rule, make officers, laws with the consent (fc 


Account of an Indian Visitation. 129 

of the people, and keep courts together with such as he hath 
invested with civile authority among them, and he hath or- 
dained rulers of 10, of 50, &c. but captain, who hath acted 
more effectually (as having more matured opportunity) than 
any of his predecessors, can give you more ample satisfaction 
about their civile government than I can. Thus have I brief- 
ly gone through all your questions, the Lord add his blessing, 
so prayeth Your loving brother 

in the Lord Jesus, 


Roxbuj'y, this 22 of the 6th, '73. 

Account of an Indian Visitation, A. D. 1698. Copied 
for Dr. Stiles, by Rev. Mr. Hawley, Missionary at 
Marshpee, from the Printed Account published in 
' nnHE Rev. Mr. Grindal Rawson, pastor of the church 
| in Mendon, and the Rev. Mr. Samuel Danforth, 
pastor of the church in Taunton, spent from May 50th, to 
June 24, 1698, in visiting the several plantations of Indians 
within this province " of Massachusetts, of which they gave 
he following account. 

In pursuance of the orders and instructions given us by the 
Ion. Commissioners for the propagation of the gospel among 
he Indians in the American plantations, in New-England 
nd parts adjacent : We have given the said Indians in their 
several plantations, in the province of Massachusetts Bay, a 
risit, and find as followeth : 

At Little Compton we find two plantations of Indians, who 

teep two distinct assemblies for the worship of God, (accord- 

ng to the best information we could have) are constant 

herein. The first assembly dwells at Saconet ; Samuel 

Church, alias Sohchawahham, has for more than one year 

>ast endeavoured their instruction, and is best capable of any 

n that place to perform that service. He has ordinarily 

u ourty auditors, many times more : of these above twenty 

I: re men. Divers here are well instructed in their cate- 

■-? (hisms, and above ten can read the bible. Here are like^- 

\\. vise two Indian rulers, John Tohkukquonno and Jonathan 

:$ xeorge ; the first of which is a man well cpoken of. 


VOL. X. 

130 Account of an Indian Visitation. 

At Cokesit in Little Compton, Daniel Hinkley hath taught 
here four years ; twice every sabbath. Eleven families are 
his auditors; most of the men here can read; and many 
young ones (of whom we had an instance) can say their! 
catechisms. Of this company three persons are in full com-j 
munion with the church settled at Nukkehkummees. A per-| 
son called Aham is schoolmaster here, and we are informed 
performs his work well. Here are also two persons improved 
as rulers. Preaching here, the two forementioned teachers, 
at our direction, prayed very soberly and understandingly. 
They gave very decent attendance, and were very hand- 
somely cloathed in English apparel. 

At Darkmouth we found two assemblies of Indians : at 
Nukkehkummees William Simons (ordained by Japhet of 
Martha's Vineyard 3 years since) is the pastor. In the church 
here are forty communicants ; part dwelling in Nukkehkum- 
mees, part in Assameekg, Cokesit, Acushnet, and Assawa- 
nupsit. Here are many that can read well. The word is 
preached here twice every sabbath. Twenty families, in 
which one hundred and twenty persons, at least, are for the 
most part constant hearers ; almost all their children can read. 
Jonathan hath been their schoolmaster, but ceases now for 
want of encouragement. We propose his continuance, as a 
person well fitted for the employment. William Simons in- 
forms that here are four persons chosen annually as rulers. 
They are well clothed, and give good attendance whilst we 
dispensed the word to them. Their pastor praying with 
good affection and understanding ; and is likewise well re- 
ported of by the English. 

At Acushnet, John Bryant their teacher for five or six years 
past. Here are fourteen families, unto whom William Simons 
once in a month ordinarily comes and preaches. Some of 
those who belong to the church at Nukkehkummees being 
here settled, viz. five men and ten women. We find that 
scandals among them are reflected upon ; if any exceed 
the bounds of sobriety, they are suspended until repentance 
is manifested. By the best intelligence we could arrive to 
from sober English dwellers on the place, we understand that 
they are diligent observers of the sabbath. They are gene- 
rally well clothed, diligent labourers, but for want of school- 
ing their children are not so well instructed as at other 
places ; though they earnestly desire a remedy. At 

Account of an Indian Visitation. 131 

At Major Winthrop's Island, Mr. John Weeks, an Eng. 
lishman, teaches them on the sabbath. An Indian named Asa, 
chief ruler among them, and a person well reported of, teaches 
them when Mr. Weeks cannot attend it. Here are about 
nine families, most of which can read, well, are diligent in their 
callings and generally belong to the church whereof Japhet is 
pastor, at Martha's Vineyard. An Indian, called Sampson, 
attends their school every winter, and hath the reputation for 
the most able among them for that service, taking pains in 
catechizing their children every week. Men, women and 
children, are thirty persons in all. Half the Indian inhabitants 
of this island have died in a few years past. Three families 
living at Saconeset point do attend to the meeting at Mr. 
Winthrop's island. At an island, called Slocum's island, we 
: ?hear of seven families, most of which can read, being lately 
-j moved thither from the Vineyard and other places. 

We hear of some Indians at the furthermost island, former- 
ly called Sandford's island, where there is an Indian teacher. 
At Martha's Vineyard, viz. at Chilmark alias Nashanek- 
'-c ammuck : Here is an Indian church of which Japhet is pas- 
: itor; a person of the greatest repute for sobriety and religion, 
and diligent in attending his ministerial employment : Unto 
; whom is adjoined Abel, a ruling elder, who likewise preaches 
to a part of the church, living at too great a distance ordina- 
rily to attend Japhet's ministry; although they come together 
:-to attend church administrations. In this place we find two 
hundred and thirty one persons ; three score and four in full 
communion. Their children are vvell instructed, as we find 
bv our examination of them in their catechisms. 

At Ohkonkemme, within the bounds of Tisbury, are three 
score and twelve persons, unto whom Stephen and Daniel, 
who are brothers, are preachers ; well reported of for their 
: gifts and qualifications. Here we spent part of a sabbath, 
;and were joyful spectators of their christian and decent car- 
riage ; the aforesaid Daniel praying and preaching not only 
affectionately but understandingly : unto whom also we 
imparted a word of exhortation in their own language, to 
their contentment and declared satisfaction. 
■'j: At Seconchqut in aforesaid Chilmark also, which belongs 
«to the inspection of the aforesaid Stephen and Daniel, are 


132 Account of an Indian Visitation. 

thirty five persons, to whom, for their greater ease, either the 
one or the other dispenses the word. 

At Gajhead, Abel and Elisha are preachers, to at least two 
hundred and sixty souls ; who have here at their charge 
a meeting house already framed. We find that the Indians 
here, as also may be affirmed of most of the Indians belong- 
ing to Martha's Vineyard (Chaubaqueduck excepted) are well 
instructed in reading, well clothed, and mostly in decent 
English apparel. 

At Edgar town, viz. at Sahnchecontuckquet, are twenty 
five families amounting to one hundred and thirty six per- 
sons ; Job Russel is their minister. 

At Nunnepoag about eighty four persons ; Joshua Tack- 
quannash their minister, Josiah Thomas their school master. 

At Chaubaqueduck about one hundred and thirty eight 
persons ; Maumachegin preaches to them every sabbath. 
Josiah by birth is their ruler or sachem. 

At Nantuckquet, we find five congregations. The preach- 
ers unto which are Job Muckemuck, who succeeds John Gibs 
deceased ; John Asherman, a person well reputed of; Que- 
quenah, Netowah a man greatly esteemed by the English for 
his sobriety, Peter Hayt, a well carriaged and serious man. 
Also Wunnohson and Daniel Spotso, Codpoganut and Noah 
(a person never known to be overtaken with drink, but a zeal- 
ous preacher against it). These are their constant teachers. 
Amongst these are two churches, who have ordained officers, 
in each of which are twenty communicants at least ; in which 
a commendable discipline is maintained, as persons of good |Ki 
reputation on the place have informed us. The whole num- 
ber of adult persons here amount to about 500. Three schools | w 
were upheld among them, though at present none, for want of 
primers. A good meeting house is building here ; the frame 
whereof, at their desire and charge, is already procured by the 
worshipful captain Gardner. Here we preached to them in j 
their own language, twice in one assembly, unto which they 
were generally convened on the Lord's day. Three of their 
principal preachers were improved by us in prayer, that we 
might discover something of their abilities ; in which we 
found them good proficients ; the whole attending with ! 
diligence and great seeming affection. 

At Sandwich, here we find two assemblies of Indians ; to 



Account of an Indian Visitation. 133 

one whereof captain Thomas Tupper an Englishman preaches 
levery sabbath day. Here are likewise Indian preachers, 
'whose abilities in prayer we tried, viz. Ralph Jones (a person 
iwell reputed of for sobriety) and Jacob Hedge. There are in 
;number 348 persons ; men, women and children generally well 
clothed. Preaching among these, in a small meeting house, 
'built for them after the English fashion, we experienced their 
,good attention, and had their thankful acknowledgments. 
Their Indian rulers here are William Nummuck, Ralph 
LJones, Jacob Hedge, and John Quoy. 

At Mashpah, belonging to Sandwich, we found another as- 
sembly of Indians, among whom the Rev. Rowland Cotton 
(frequently dispenses the word, unto whose good progress in 
Jthe Indian language we cannot but subjoin our attestation, 
paving heard him dispense the word to them ; among whom 
]also we left a word of exhortation. They are in general well 
clothed, being in number 51 families, in which are from ten 
years old and upwards 263 persons, divers of whom have the 
Character of very sober men. The Indian preacher here is 
: Simon Papmonit, a person suitably qualified as most among 
;them for that work. Their rulers are Caleb Papmonit, Ca- 
ijleb Pohgneit, Sancohsin, James Ketah. Here they want a 

At Eastham and Harwich, Eastharbor, Billingsgate, and 
iMonimoy are (as Mr. Treat informs us) 500 persons. At 
•Ponanummakut, Thomas Coshaumag preacher and school- 
master. Their rulers William Stockman and Lawrence Jef- 
jfries. Families 22. Moses teaches school here. 

At Eastharbor and Billingsgate, Daniel Munshee, preach- 
er ; Daniel Samuel, ruler. About 20 houses, in some of 
Ijwhich two families. 

At Monimoy, in which 14 houses, John Cosens preacher 
and schoolmaster. Rulers John Quossen and Menekish. 
■jAt Sahquatucket, alias Harwich, 14 families, to whom Ma- 
inesseh preaches. Joshua Shantam ruler. Many among these, 
almost every head of families, are persons capable of reading 
scripture, as we are informed. 

At Plymouth, viz. at Kitteaumut or Moniment ponds, 

William Nummuck has preached some time, but has remov- 

ied, and his return earnestly desired. Here are ten families. 

^Joseph Wauno and John his brother, improved by major 


134 A List of Indians in Natick, A. D. 1749. 

Bradford to decide small differences among them. Esther,; 
John's wife, has sometime been improved here as a school- 
dame ; and is willing still to be useful in that way. Near 
Duxbury sawmills we hear of 3 or 4 families. A like num- 
ber at Mattakesit. At Kehtehticut are 40 adults, to 
whom Charles Aham preaches, and teaches their children 
to read. 

At Assawampsit and Quittaub are twenty houses contain- 
ing 80 persons. John Hiacoomes preacher and constant 
school master. Also JoceJyn preaches at Assawampsit. At 
this plantation are persons belonging to the church at Nuk- 

At Natick we find a small church of 7 men and three wo- 
men ; their pastor Daniel Takawombpait (ordained by the 
Rev. and holy man of God John Eliot deceased) who is a 
person of great knowledge. Here are 59 men, and 51 wo- 
men, and 70 children under 16. 

At Hassinamisco* are 5 families, unto whom James Printer 
stands related as teacher. * Grafton. 

" A List of the Names of the Indians old and young, 
viz. Parents with the number of their Children 
both male and female, which live in or belong to 
Natick; taken June 16, 1749," found among the 

bridge, and presented by his eldest daughter to 
the Historical Society. 

Deacon Ephraim, wife and her 3 children 5 

Isaac Ephraim -------6 

Jacob Chalcom, wife and 3 children - - - 11 

Jeremy Comacho, wife and one child 14 

Joseph Comacho, wife and one child - - - 17 

Daniel Thomas, wife and one child - - - 20 

Elizabeth, Ann and Unice Brooks - - - - 23 

Abram Speen, wife and one child - - - 26 Ui 

Widow Comocho ._..-_ 27 |'|j 

Judith Ephraim and 2 children - - - 30 u 

Prince Nyar and wife - - - - 32 I 1 

5 children of Samuel Abram - - - - 37 P 

Widow of said Samuel Abram and one child - - 39 I 

Widow of Hezekiah Comacho and 2 children - - 42 ft 

' 11 

These 42 above named belong to the south side of Charles k 

river by Dedham. 

A List of Indians at Natick, A. D. 1749. 135 

Peter Brand, wife and 2 children 4 

Peter Ephraim, wife and 4 children 10 

John Ephraim, wife and 3 children 15 

rjThomas Awonsamug, jun. wife and one child 18 

. "Widow Rumnemarsh and Zipporah Peegun 20 

p children of Solomon Thomas - - - 23 

?2 Widow Sooducks, Widow Tray and Thomas Scoggin 27 

.Benjamin, Jonas, Hannah and Mary Tray 31 

jfJoseph Sinee, wife and 3 children - '■ - - 36 

jBWilliam Thomas and 2 children - - 39 

.Mary George - - - - -.-40 

>Jat Hill, wife and 7 children ----- 49 

Widow Womsquon, and 4 children - - - _ 54 

-ipolomon Womsquon, wife and 3 children 59 

ijlonas Obscow -------60 

Widow Pitimee, Ruth and Ruth's 2 children 64 

These 64 south of Sawpit Hill on Peegun Plain and 

bearer now to meeting than said hill is, unless there be a 
efnistake in Sol. Womsquon. 

Thomas Peegun, wife and 3 children 5 

fosiah Sooduck and wife 7 

vVidow Tom and one child and Sarah Francis 10 
o Pogenits -------15 

All before mentioned are within two miles and an half of 
■)ur meeting house. 

Nathaniel Coochuck, wife and child 3 

osiah Speen, wife, child and grand child 7 

loses Speen and child ------ 9 

Vidow Speen - - - - - - 10 

letty Babesuck and her niece Rhoda 12 

atience Pequassis ------ 13 

Sachary son of Hannah Speen ----- 14 

)aniel Speen -.-----15 

amuel Speen -------16 

These 16 live west, or ow T n land most of them west of 
Sawpit Hill, and it is to be noted that Deacon Ephraim's 

fe's 4 children, which by mistake are said to be 3, own 
*nd west of said hill, so doth Samuel Lawrance and it may 
te Mary Peegun. 

!ster Thomas and child ------ 2 

'nomas Awonsamug, wife and 3 children 7 

arah Rumnemarsh ------ 8 

amuel Lawrance, Thomas and Hannah Waban - - 11 

136 A List of Indians in Natick, A. D. 1749. 

Widow Mary Peegun and 5 children 11 

Oliver Sooduck, Job Speen's child 1\ 

Bethia Cole " - " - - - - 21 

Mary, daughter of Sarah Womsquon 2 

Joseph and Joshua Brook - - - 2! 

Hannah Peetimee's child ----- 2^ 

Esther Sooduck - - - - - 21 

Elizabeth Wages ------ 2< 

The most of the last 26 usually resided on the south eas 
of Peegun plain, and so are accommodated as the meeting 
house now stands. 


Total 166 

Having carefully considered the within list, and being 
well acquainted with Natick, w 7 e hereby signify that we are 
well assured it may be depended on as a true one, except 
that perhaps we have not thought of every one, and we 
hope some may be alive who have been soldiers or at sea 
not here named. 





In 1651, an Indian town was formed at Natick. 

In 1660, an Indian church was embodied there. 

In 1670, there were two teachers, John and Anthony, 
and between 40 and 50 communicants. Hutchinson. 

In 1753, in Natick 25 families, beside several individuals. 

In 1763, 37 Indians only; but in this return, probably 
the wandering Indians were not included. 

In 1797, the Rev. Mr. Badger, of Natick, estimated the 
number of "clear blooded" Indians, then in this place, and 
belonging to it, to be " near twenty." The number of 
church members was then " reduced to twenty three." 

See Coll. Hist. Soc. iv. 180, 181, 195, and v. 43. 


Mohawk Numbers, by Rev. Mr. Hawley of Mashpee 
From President Stiles' MSS. 

■ Ounskut 


Numbers in the Norridgwog and Mohawk Languages. 137 

•i( Tegene 


|Tutoh or Wautelo 


Numbers, in the Norridgwog Language, from Halle's 
MS. Dictionary of the Norridgwog Language, in 
the Library of Harvard College. 


1 Hawsanewausau 30 

2 Kyarynewausau 40 

3 Wisknewausau 50 

4 Yauyorknewausau 60 

5 Chautocknewausau 70 

6 Tegeluhnewausau 80 

7 Tutohnewausau 90 

8 Ounskut Towwaunowwau 100 

9 Ounskut Towwaunow- » 

in . 100 ° 
10 wauselausau I 



" Nri abstracti. 

1 pezeko 

2 niss 

3 nass 

4 ieo 

5 barenesko 

6 negodaiis 

7 taiibaoaiis 

8 ntsausek 

9 norioi 

10 mtara 

11 negodaiinkao 

12 nisaiinkao 

13 tsaiinkao 

14 ieoaiinkao 

15 naiinnaiinkao 

16 negodaiintsaiinkao 

17 taubaoaiintsaiinkao 

18 ntsaiisek-kessaiinkao 

vol. x. 

JVW concreti 
taubaoaus kessoak 
et sic de ceteris. 

Nri cereti 
negodaiis kessenor 
et sic de ceteris. 

^Tb quoties 
une fois. 

negodaus kesseta 
et sic de cceteris. 

combien y at il de cela v. g. 

de syllabes. 

kessenoio ? 

R. 4. ieonoio 3. uhaoio. fyc. 

138 Dr. Mann's Letter. 

19 norioi-kessaiinkao lis sont deux cent guerriera v. g, 

20 nisineske ; nisattegoeaso. 

21 nisineske taiba pezeko 

22 nisineske taiba niss 

30 tsineske 

31 tsineske taiba pezeko 

& sic cset. 
40 iedineske 
50 naunineske 
60 negodaiis kessineske &c. 
100 negodategoe 

200 nesa'tegoe [N. B. The character 6 is ir 

1000 negodamgoaki the MS. the Greek w .j 

2000 nisamgoaki 
3000 tsanVgoaki 
10000 negodategoekdatngdiki &c." 

Account of the Surprise and Defeat of a Body or 
Indians, near Wrentham. In a Letter from Dr 


for the historical society. 


SHALL make no apology, for this communication rela 
tive to a fact, which has escaped the notice of the histo 
rian ; but which is, nevertheless, as well authenticated, a 
most transactions are, which are recorded upon the pages o 
history. The adroit military action alluded to, was consid 
ered by the first settlers of Wrentham as of the utmost con 
sequence to them, and, by reason of its importance, deserve 
to be preserved in perpetuity. The exploit I have repeat 
edly heard related, by different persons, after the following 

A man, by the name of Rocket, being in search after a stray 
ed horse in the woods, about three miles north east from thai 
part of the town where the meeting-house of the first parish 
stands, discovered a train of Indians, forty-two in number, to 
wards the close of day, directing their course westward. Fron 
their warlike appearance Rocket was suspicious, that they hac 
it in contemplation to make an attack upon the inhabitants the 
following morning, at a time, when the men were scattered, a 
their labour upon their lands ; this mode of assault, by sur 



Dr. Mann's Letter. 139 

prise, being usual with the aborigines. Rocket undiscover- 
ed followed the trail, until about the setting of the sun ; when 
they halted, evidently with a design to lodge for the night. 
The spot chosen was well situated to secure them from a dis- 
covery. Rocket watched their movements, until they had 
laid themselves down to rest ; when, with speed, he returned 
to the settlement, and notified the inhabitants with his discov- 
ery. They being collected, a consultation was held ; where- 
upon, (the women, the infirm, and children, being secured in 
the fortified houses) it was agreed to attack the Indians, early 
the next morning, before they should leave their encamp- 
ment. The strength of the little army collected, consisted 
of thirteen. At their head was a capt. Ware. Rocket was 
their guide. This intrepid band arrived upon the ground, 
before day light ; and were posted within a short musket 
shot from the encamped Indians with orders to reserve their 
fire, until the Indians should arise from their lodgings. 

Between the appearance of day and sun rise the Indians 
rose nearly at the same time; when, upon the signal given, a 
full discharge was made ; which, with the sudden and unex- 
pected attack, together with the slaughter made, put the In- 
dians into the greatest consternation ; so that, in their confu- 
sion, attempting to effect their escape, in a direction opposite 
to that, from which the attack was made, several were so 
maimed, by leaping down a precipice, from ten to twenty 
feet, among rocks, that they became an easy sacrifice. Some 
of the fugitives were overtaken, and slain. And, it is related, 
that two of them, being closely pursued, in order to elude 
their followers, buried their bodies, all except their heads, in 
the waters of mill-brook* (about one mile from the first scene 
of action), where they were killed. It is probable, that these 
were likewise injured by their precipitation from the rock. 
It is added, that one Woodcock discharged his long musquet, 
called, in those days, a buccaneer, at a single fugitive Indian, 
at the distance of eighty rods, and broke his thigh bone, and 
afterwards dispatched him.f 




* The most southerly branch of Charles river. 

t The custom of putting to death wounded Indians, during the Indian 
wars, is not agreeable to our modern ideas of humanity ; but when it is 
recollected, that the inhabitants had not the means to convey them off, the 
apparent barbarity is more reconciled to our feelings. 

140 Dr. Mann's Letter. 

After the action, there were numbered of the Indians kil- 
led, upon the field of battle, and by the fall from the rock, 
twenty, some say twenty-four; of the inhabitants not one. 

From the best information, this transaction took place about 
the commencement of Philip's war, whether the year before, 
the same year, or the year after, 1 have not been able to as- 
certain. It is certain that the inhabitants removed from 
their settlements twice during the Indian wars, down to Ded- 
ham, as a place of security ; and once after the town was 
incorporated, when most of the houses were burnt by the 
Indians. Mr. Bean, in his century sermon, preached in the 
year 1774, says they were all burnt except two. 

The circumstances of the above action, although transmit- 
ted down traditionally, are correctly related, even at this dis- 
tant period, by several now living. This is not strange when 
it is known, that the principal part of the present inhabitants 
are directly descended from those very men, who were en- 
gaged. All who pretend to be acquainted with the facts, agree 
in those things material respecting them. The names of the 
two persons mentioned as principals, viz. Ware and Rocket, 
are found upon the ancient records of this town, annexed to 
a written instrument, engaging themselves and fourteen oth- 
ers to return to Wrentham, after being absent four years, in 
consequence of the Indian wars. The name of Woodcock is 
not found among the first settlers of Wrentham ; but it is 
historically known, that a settlement had been made by one 
Woodcock, about five miles south from Wrentham, pre 
vious to that at Wrentham. This settlement was known by 
the name of Woodcock's garrison ;f and was during the 


* Now in possession of Israel Hatch, near the Baptist meeting house in 

[This garrison was pulled down in 1806, and a relick of it is deposited in 
the Museum of the Historical Society. On the spot where it stood, Mr. 
Hatch has erected a large and elegant, house for an Inn. It stands on the 
great road between Boston and Providence, and cannot fail to attract the 
attention of the traveller. The Sign of the Inn is King Philip. On the 
one side, that famous aboriginal prince appears alone, armed with his 
bow and arrows ; on the other, he appears armed with a gun, and on 
the back ground are wigwams and appropriate Indian imagery. We \^ 
were told by the landlord, that the sign was painted by an English artist, 
and cost him one hundred dollars. Regretting its exposure to the winds 
and tempests, we recommended that it be placed within the portico of 
the Inn. Edit.] 


Dr. Mann's Letter. 141 

wars, a place of rendezvous, for the detachments from Mas- 
sachusetts and Plymouth colonies. It is not improbable, that 
upon apprehension of danger, Woodcock might repair to this 
settlement, as a place of more security. There is an intelli- 
gible man, eighty-seven years of age, Deacon Thomas Mann, 
:S *|now living, who when a youth w r as acquainted with Rocket* 
Npnd perfectly well remembers, that, on account of the above 
j-iladventurous deed, he received, during his life, an annual pen- 
vision from the general court. A grand daughter of capt. 
] <iJWare, by the name of Clap, who is also living, aged ninety 
Wour years, well recollects to have heard the story related, 
when quite young, as a transaction, in which her aged grand- 
father bore a conspicuous part ; whether she ever heard the 
^ipircumstances of the action direct from her grand parent, she, 
■mt this distant period, does not remember; the truth however 
jjshe doubts not. Mrs. Clap still possesses a strength of un- 
derstanding to an astonishing degree. The energies of her 
mind and the powers of recollection seem not to be impaired ; 
a* ancient impressions, as well as those of more recent date, are 
resh in her memory. Within a few years, she has recovered 
ler sight, which had been almost lost ; so as to be able, at 
ifhis time, to thread the smallest needle. 

There are now men living, who well recollect to have seen 
he bones, in abundance, of the unburied Indians, left upon 
he spot, where the action happened. Some few have been 
t bund since my remembrance. The large flat rock, where the 
ndians were encamped, when attacked, has, to this day, been 
mown by the name of Indian Rock. This rock is situated 
tin vithin the bounds of Franklin, three miles north west from 
is he centre of Wrentham. The highest part of the precipice, 
ear the middle, is about twenty feet perpendicular; it grad- 
ually slopes from thence to the extremity of the two wings, 
vhere it is ten feet in height ; it faces southerly with an arch- 
d front, forming a curved line fourteen rods in length, whose 
hord is twelve rods. We may rise the rock, from the north, 
ortheast, and northwest gradually, where the assailants were 
It has been a matter of question with some, that a transac- 
'■•■■ ion of such consequence to the original adventurers of Wren- 
ham, should not have been noted by the primitive historians 

* Rocket lived to a great age. 

142 Rev. Mr. Edwards' Letter. 

of New-England, when events of smaller importance hav 
by them been minutely- detailed. Their silence concernin 
the above enterprise has led to a suspicion, that the whole is 
forged tale, destitute of any foundation. But when it is con 
sidered, that the early war-achievements, which have been re 
corded, were most, if not all, executed under the direction c 
government ; and were actions, in part, committed to writin, 
by the very officers who were sharers in them ; we shall n 
longer be surprised, that a deed transacted, in the first instance 
without the knowledge of authority, an expedition, execute* 
upon the spur of the moment by a few frontier settlers, fo 
their own security, should be overlooked among a multiplici 
ty of events, which succeeded each other in quick succession 
and many of which, on account of a display of courage an 
enterprize, excited both gratitude and astonishment. 

Should the gentlemen members of the Historical Societ 
bestow as much credit upon the story, as I have, they ma; 
not pass it over without some notice ; but, if they should sup 
pose that this fragment is not accompanied with authenticity 
sufficient, to claim their attention, they will consign it to ob 

From their very humble servant, 

Wrentham, Aug. 22d. 1806. 

A Letter from Rev. Jonathan Edwards, to Hon. Thom 
as Hubbard, Esq. of Boston, relating to the Indiai 
School at Stockbridge. 


Honoured Sir, 

I WOULD now give you particular information of what ha 7 
lately passed relating to the Indian affair in this town,ando 
the present situation, circumstances and exigencies of this af 
fair; it being absolutely necessary that some persons of influ 
ence in the General Assembly be informed of these things. 
When the commissioners of the General Assembly wer< 
going to Albany, they came by the way of Stockbridge, a 
they were directed, that they might treat with the Mohawk 
here, concerning their settlement in this place, &:c. But thej 


Rev. Mr. Edwards* Letter. 143 

■wound that Hendrick, and most of the heads of families, were 
jigone to their own country. And therefore, when they met 
<:them at Albany, they proposed to them to return with them 
oupither, that they might have opportunity to treat with them 
ehere on this affair. I being at Albany, at that time, with the 
fjcommissioners, (having been invited thither by them) I there 
nlalked with Hendrick and Nicoles alone, using arguments with 
Qfthem to persuade them to endeavour to get as many of their 
: ejchiefs as they could to come to Stockbridge, and give oppor- 
tunity to the commissioners to discourse fully with them about 
to this great affair. And this matter was further urged after- 
wards by the commissioners themselves. Hendrick made an- 
il fewer, that it was necessary, according to their manner, first to 
ave some time of consideration, and to hold a council among 
hemselves ; therefore they would return to their own coun- 
ry ; and after consultation, would send to Stockbridge, and 
native notice of their determination, in 20 days. Accordingly, 
imibout the end of this term, Nicoles, and several others came 
ici© iown, and brought word that the chiefs of their nation w r ould 
3e here in about a week. And by Nicoles's account, they 
eemed to expect, at least to desire, not only then to meet the 
ommittee formerly chosen to provide for them, but also the 
ame commissioners they conferred with at Albany ; and 
mentioned col. Dwight of Brookfield in particular. Upon 
lis, I desired the principal English inhabitants of this town 
o meet forthwith to consider what was to be done on this oc- 
asion. And perceiving this to be a very critical juncture, 
nd that the tribe of the Mohawks now expected to come 
o a definitive conclusion, whether to go on with the design 
)f seeking instruction at Stockbridge or no, we all were of one 
nind, that it was necessary forthwith to give notice to the 
ommittee formerly appointed, and also to the commissioners 
hat had been at Albany, and represent this to them, and to 
ignify what appeared to us of the importance of their coming 
o meet the Indians (with capt. Kellogg of Suffield as an inter- 
)reter) on this occasion. And accordingly sent messengers to 
his end. On Saturday August 10, arrived brig. Dwight, 
;| ol. Pynchon, capt. Dwight, and capt. Kellogg ; and the next 
Monday, capt. Ashley. On Tuesday arrived most of the 
hiefs of the nation of the Cauneeyenkees, or proper Mo- 
,[ lawks ; 13 in all ; seven from Caunaujohhaury, and six from 


144 Rev. Mr. Edwards' Letter. 

Tewauntaurogo. They came with a great train ; so that, to- 
gether with what were here before, there were 92 in all. After 
the agents for the province had made their first speech to them, 
and generally proposed the affair they came to treat with them 
about, and the Indians had taken time to consider of what they 
had said, they, in their reply, signified that the committee had 
heretofore proposed to them the affair of settling in New-Eng- 
land, and sending their children to school here: But there 
were then but few of them present, and so could do nothing 
in behalf of their tribe : but now the council of the nation 
were present, and had full power to act. But in the first place, 
they put these honourable gentlemen in mind, how the Eng- 
lish had failed of those things, that they had encouraged them 
with the hopes of heretofore ; and desired that now nothing 
might be said but what should stand, and be made good : and 
that therefore, they should thoroughly consider what they 
should determine, and let every thing be so settled that it 
might be depended upon. And after these and some other 
things said by way of introduction, they thanked the commis- 
sioners for their offer, and signified their compliance with the 
proposal which had been made, of sending their children here 
to be instructed, and coming, a number of them, to live here, 
and gave a belt of wampum in consideration of it. And ad- 
ded, that what they did in this matter, they would have looked 
upon, as not only done in behalf of their own nation, but all 
nations of Indians ; that now they opened the door for all 
nations that they might come and bring their children hither 
to be instructed ; and that they gave this belt as a confirma- 
tion that they would not only send their own children, but 
would do what in them lay to persuade other nations to do 
the same. 

After this the gentlemen of the commission had much free 
discourse with the Indians from day to day, till they went 
away. They and the Stockbridge Indians had also many 
friendly meetings. And good humour, and well pleasedness 
appeared on all sides. The Mohawk chiefs departed on 
Thursday Aug. 22, well satisfied, so far as appeared. The 
day before they went away, a present was made them in the 
name of the province. I was sorry it could be no greater. 
Probably there never was an occasion more requiring a present 
to the Indians, and whereon a very liberal present might have 


Rev. Mr. Edivards* Letter. 145 

been made to better purpose. About 50, old and young 
.staid behind, and others that went away manifested a design, 
isome of returning themselves, and others of sending their chil- 
dren in the fall and winter. Since this some considerable un- 
easiness has arisen among those that staid behind, concerning 
the distribution of the present ; which was left entirely to the 
{Indians themselves. Their chiefs distributed the present 
,chiefly among those that were returning home, and told those 
who staid behind that the English would take care of, and pro- 
vide for them. But since that they understand that there is 
no promise of clothing, excepting for those which belong to 
jthe school. Several of them are gone away in disgust : and 
I don't know what the consequences may be. But in gener- 
al divine Providence appears with a very favourable aspect on 
Ihe design here on foot ; some of the chiefs of the Mohawks 
that were here appeared much engaged in the affair ; especial- 
ly Abraham Caunauhstansey, Hendrick's elder brother, who 
s a remarkable man ; a man of great solidity, prudence, devo- 
ion, and strict conversation ; and acts very much as a person 
endowed with the simplicity, humanity, self-denial and zeal of 
p true christian. The church of England seem to be very 
jealous of the Mohawks ; being very opposite to their coming 
lither. And (so far as I can learn) effectually to engage A- 
iraham's mind against it, and induce him to do what in him 
jies to detain the Indians in their own country, they have ad- 
vanced him to an office, and made him a reader in the church 
pf England, to carry on divine service in the absence of the 
minister, and give him a salary of 51. sterling a year. But 
instead of the intended effect upon Abraham, he improves 
he advantage he has in his hands by his office to a contrary 
[purpose, and while he officiates among his people, he from sab- 
bath to sabbath exhorts them to come down hither for instruc- 
ion, and labours abundantly in the matter. He tells them 
hat there they live in darkness, but here is light ; that he 
tnows but very little, and can teach them but little, but here 
lire those that can give them vastly greater degrees of knowl- 
edge. And on this account, he suffers a sort of persecution 
worn some opposers among his people, who ridicule his zeal, 
ilnd oppose the Indians coming hither, and tell him and others 
ijhat the English will fail, and disappoint them. 

Besides the tribe of the Cauneeyenkees, there are some ap- 
vol. x. u pearances 

146 Rev. Mr. Edivards' Letter. 

pearances among some of the tribe of the Oneiyutas of a dis 
position to seek instruction. A number of these that live a 
Onohquauga, about 200 miles from Albany, where Mr. Spen 
cer was, manifested a religious disposition to our commission 
ers at Albany ; and told them, that of late they had made re 
ligion their main concern, rather than war, or any worldly al 
fairs. One of the chief men at Onohquauga, has lately bee: 
to visit this place; who appeared to be a very solid seriou 
man ; and returned with messages from us to his brethren a 
home, and I am sorry we had not wherewith to make him a; 
handsome present. Abraham told me of others, considerabl 
men, of the nation of the Oneiyutas, in other places, and als 
some of the Tuscororoes, that are religiously disposed. 

God in his providence seems now to be opening the doo 
for the introducing the light of the gospel among these nations 
wider than ever before. And if we, the English, don't fail c 
doing our part, there is a prospect of great things being done 
And it looks as if this present season were our now or never ™ e 
'Tis evident the French are now exerting themselves in ai 
extraordinary manner to draw all those nations over to them 
and engage them in their interest. The king of France ha F" 
lately made extraordinary provision for them, that very larg 
and liberal presents may be made them in Canada. And the 
are indefatigable in the endeavours they use, in the labour 
of their emissaries, and in all ways they can devise. The 
are building forts in all the parts of America west of us, in th 
carrying places between the lakes and rivers, and in all the mos 
important places, where they may have greatest advantage t< Ul 
bring the Indians into dependence, and to draw their trade ™ 
Col. Johnson and maj. Lydius (who probably are the best ac 
quainted with the state of these Indians, of all the subjects o 
the British crown) said, in the time of the treaty at Albany, i 
was a gone case, and that it was a thing beyond all doubt o lfs 
dispute, that unless something very extraordinary were speed 
ily done, and what was never like to be done, these nation 
were lost to the British interest. By accounts abundantl 
confirmed, about one half of the Onoontaugaes have actuall 
left there old habitations, and are gone to live in Canada. Thi te 
French having provided land for them. And many others of 1 !? 
the far nations are resorting to settle there. Abraham told m 
that the Quiuquuhs, the Onoontaugas and the Chonuntoowau 





Rev. Mr. Edwards' Letter. 147 

lees or Senecas are generally in the French interest. He says, 
hey indeed come to Albany and treat with the English as 
riends, but then go directly to the governour of Canada, and 
ell him all that has passed : They speak (says he) smooth 
vords, pleasant words to the English, but their hearts are 

i-ivith the French. He said concerning the Senecas, who are 
r astly the biggest of the six nations, that the governour of Can- 
da was always there ; meaning, by his emissaries. Four In- 
ians have lately been here from among the Caughnawaugas in 
Canada, who were related, either by blood or marriage, to 
ome of the English. Two of these especially appeared to 

ij>e uncommonly intelligent. They told me that the Indians 
hat used formerly to be on our side are continually in great 

( |pultitudes flocking to Canada to dwell there. They said that 
11 the nations about the lakes, that used to be our friends, had 
ately left us, and had entered into alliance with the French. 
Ve have had credible information from the Mohawks, that 
le French are now gone from Canada, with an army of 600 
len, 400 French, and 200 Indians, (intending to augment 
jieir army to a 1000 as they go along) into the south western 
arts of North-America, in order to strengthen their own in- 
erest, and ruin ours in those parts ; particularly, to destroy 
le nation of the Tooweehtoowees, that are very friendly to 
he English, and to kill a certain Virginia trader,, who by his 
onest dealings with the Indians, has lately gained the affec- 
ons of many, and greatly drawn their trade that way ; and 
latcol. Johnson, having had intelligence of this by a French- 
lan who deserted from the army, and in various other ways, 
ad sent a belt of wampam to all the six nations, to give 
lem notice of it, and to excite them to oppose the design of 
lis army. Thus abundant and indefatigable are that nation, 
ho understand their own interest so well, in their endeav- 
jrs to gain all the Indian nations in North-America, and to 
itablis'h them in their interest, and to alienate them from the 
nglish. I was credibly informed while at Albany, that the 
idians gave that as one reason why they left the English, and 
ined themselves to the French, that they could not live with 
t le English they gave them so much rum, which they found 
y experience wasted them exceedingly. 
Now 'tis remarkable that in this situation of things, the on- 
remaining means that divine Providence hath left in our 


148 Rev. Mr. Edwards* Letter. 

power to regain and secure the Indians in the British interest, 
is this very thing ; viz. to our utmost, to prosecute the design 
of thoroughly instructing them in the true protestant religion, 
and educating their children in useful knowledge. Col. John- 
son (though I suppose a man of not much religion) owns 
this : and says he knows it will be for the British interest for 
them to prosecute what they have begun here at Stockbridge, 
and that therefore he will promote it to his utmost. And now 
the Most High seems to be opening this door in an unusual 
manner. This opportunity may easily be lost by our negli- 
gence : For the Dutch, and the church of England, and some 
of the Mohawks themselves, are watching for an opportunity 
to possess the minds of those Indians that are inclined to reli- 
gion, with an opinion of the treachery of the English, and to 
insult those that seem now disposed to trust us, on our dis- 
appointing them. Abraham himself, in his prudence and zeal 
is afraid of this consequence of any disappointment from the 
English, and seems deeply concerned about it. 

There are many things, which, in the present situation of 
this affair, greatly need to be done without delay. The board 
ing school needs much to be done to it. The house, furni- 
ture, and school itself should be in better order. The Indians 
themselves took notice of the deficiencies and irregularities. 
The house is in a miserable state ; and much needs to be done 
to it to finish it. And not only so, but there is a necessity of 
the house being enlarged. 'Tis far from being sufficient for 
the accommodating an English family and necessary teachers, 
and boarding and lodging of the school-boys ; and the house 
should be furnished with writing tables, seats, beds, and bed- 
clothes, for the children. Mean lodging will do for them ; 
yet it should be such as that they may be kept clean and warm : 
and the boys should have tools for their work : and a different 
house should be built, to be the place where the school should 
be kept, at some distance from the place where they lodge' 
and are boarded. This is necessary that the school, in school 
hours may not be diverted and hindered by the family, and 
by the Indian families who have their wigwams round about 
the boarding house ; and also that the master's family may 
have more liberty in school hours. There is also a necessity 
of another master besides the school-master, to be with thek 
boys, and preside over them in their working hours. sjk 

Care 1 



Rev. Mr. Edwards' Letter. 149 

Care had need to be taken, and some orders given about 
these things forthwith. There seems to be a necessity that 
they should be done before winter, it' there be such an 
increase of the school as is expected, and things are left as 
they are now, all will be in confusion, and attended with the 
utmost difficulty. And if things remain in such a state till 
next summer, 'tis to be fear'd it will much discourage the 

I would also humbly propose that a young gentleman, a 
scholar, a man of good genius, and fervent piety, attended with 
prudence, be sought for, and sent hither, as soon as possible, 
to be learning the Mohawk language, to fit him to be a mis- 
sionary ; in time to come, if need be, to go among the six na- 
tions in their own countrey : In the mean time, to be assist- 
ing in instructing the Indians and their children here, in all 

necessary knowledge ; and teaching two or three of the for- 
wardest and most promising of the boys, in order to their 
being brought up to learning, and fitted for the ministry ; (the 
charge of which Mr. Hollis has offered to bear in a late letter 
to capt. Kellog) and that a salary be offered this young gentle- 
man sufficient to encourage him : and also, that a couple of 
likely English boys be sent hither, to be under the care and 
instruction of this young gentleman, to be learning the Mo- 
lt hawk language, and also trained up in other useful learning, 
to fit them to be interpreters, for the country, and also to be 
h hereafter employed as school-masters or missionaries. This 
-;i would be of excellent service, as it would help much to bring 
in the English tongue among the Mohawk children, and 
might be with very little additional charge, and none, ex- 
cepting the charge of their board. Brig. Dwight of Brook- 
field has a young son, which he declared he would be willing 
to send hither to be so instructed. Col. Pynchon speaks of 
this boy as extraordinary likely. 

And there is another thing which is most apparently of 
absolute necessity in order to the prosperity of the Indian 
affair here, and indeed in order to the keeping it alive : viz. 
that there should be some persons of wisdom and the most 
strict integrity here on the spot, or very near, who shall be 
appointed by the general assembly, and the commissioners for 
Indian affairs, a sort of Curatours, to have the immediate in- 
spection and direction of affairs here, relating both to the 


150 Rev. Mr. Edwards 9 Letter. 

Mohawks and Stockbridge Indians : who shall be in a consid- 
erable degree intrusted with moneys ; and should themselves 
be paid for extraordinary labours, going journeys and the like. 
The Indian affair here does as much need the immediate 
continual care of a number of persons empowered to inspect 
it, and order its concerns on emergent occasions, as a college, 
or great hospital ; and in some respects much more. Things 
have heretofore gone into great confusion for want of it. And 
now the necessity of it is greatly increased ; as the objects, 
and new successive occasions of care are multiplied. No 
person that has any tolerable view of the affair, can imagine 
it to be sufficient to answer its necessities, that it is under the 
care of a corporation and an assembly, that meet at 150 miles 
distance. What renders it more necessary that things here 
should be under the immediate care of trustees present or at 
hand, is the misunderstanding and jealousies that here subsist 
between some of the chief of the present English inhabitants ; 
which is one of our greatest calamities. Our state, on this 
account, does much more need constant inspection. And 
therefore the gentlemen intrusted ought to be such as are 
perfectly impartial; no way interested in, related to, or en- 
gaged with these contending parties. 'Tis not unlikely that 
gentlemen might be found well qualified for the business, who 
would be willing, on some intimation from the general assem- 
bly and the commissioners, to come and live here : who might L 
have their power and time of intrustment limited according to 
discretion, and be required to keep an exact account of their 
doings and expences to be laid before their constituents, as 
often as they should require it. 

One of the greatest defects in the method of instruction in 
the schools here, is the want of more effectual measures for the 
bringing the children to the English tongue. The instruc- 
tions which have been given at school for 15 years past, have g 

been in a great measure in vain for want of this. The chil 

dren learn, after a sort, to read ; to make such sounds, on the 
sight of such marks ; but know nothing what they say ; and 
having neither profit, nor entertainment by what they read, 
they neglect it when they leave school, and quickly lose it. 
There are but two ways to remedy this mischief, either the^. 
bringing in a number of English children into the school, with 
the Indians, or the putting the Indian children, while young, jjjj 



Rev. Mr. Edwards' Letter. 151 

into good English families, where they shall hear nothing but 
English ; and after they have been there a year or two, then re- 
turning them into the sehool here. This would be far the most 
effectual method. And there is no doubt but the greater part 
of the Indian parents might be persuaded to consent to it. 
Some of the Mohawks have moved it of their own accord. 
But this method cannot be gone into without the care of trus- 
tees to manage it, to find proper places, to visit the children 
that are put out, some times, and to see how they are looked 
after, &c. I have strongly recommended it to Mr. Hollis, 
that the boarding school, so far as he is concerned it, should 
be under the care of a number of trustees. For want of these, 
it happens from time to time, that the Mohawks, and their 
instructors are run out of provisions, and have nothing to eat. 
Something needs also to be done towards providing clothing 
for others of the Mohawks that live here, that are not mem- 
bers of the school, till they can get into a way of providing 
for themselves. And when the Indians have their lands laid 
out, there will be a necessity of a great deal of care to be ta- 
ien of them at their first settlement ; by helping them, at first, 
in bringing to their lands, &c. And innumerable new things 
are constantly occurring, that require the care of some per- 
sons that have some power. 
In the time of the treaty here, Hendrick privately manifest- 
d an inclination to go to Boston ; which was approved by the 
entlemen that were here : And it was proposed that his 
brother Abraham should go with him, and be there in the time 
1 )f the sitting of the general court. It was thought it would 
3e a satisfaction to the assembly and the commissioners to see 
them, and converse with them about those affairs ; and might 
end greatly to promote the important design on foot. They 
nsisted thatNicoles should go with them, because he was the 
irst that came to live here, and would be very much displeased 
f he was not one that went. They insisting on it, it w T as 
consented to ; though Nicoles is no very desirable person. I 
;uppose they will come to Boston at the beginning of 
October, with capt. Joseph Kellog for an interpreter. 
One thing I had like to have forgotten, which I promised 
he Mohawks I would inform some of the members of the 
general assembly of. At the conclusion of the late treaty with 
■■■'• he chiefs of the Mohawks here, they manifested a desire that 



152 Rev. Mr. Edwards' Letter. 


in future interviews, and conferences with them about these 
religious affairs, brig. Dwight and col. Pynchon might be 
improved. And when it was objected, that we had not the 
ordering of that matter ; it must be as the general court should 
appoint; they still greatly insisted upon it. They urged that 
they had now got some acquaintance with these gentlemen, 
and did not like from time to time, at each new interview, to 
be concerned with perfect strangers: and finally said, that if it 
should be ordered otherwise, they should not be easy. And 
as to col. Pynchon, in particular, they urged their acquaintance 
with his ancestors, and their experience of their integrity. I 
wish it might be proposed to these gentlemen whether or no 
they would not be willing to remove and live at Stockbridge, 
to take some care of Indian affairs here ; as being intrusted as 
aforesaid. They are gentlemen excellently qualified for the 
business ; and are of that spirit, that if they could have a pros- 
pect of being publickly serviceable in this great affair, and of 
being instrumental of advancing and enlarging the kingdom j 
of Christ, I believe their removing and settling here is not toj 
be despaired of. There are also some other gentlemen well 
qualified and like spirited in the county of Hampshire ; who 
I believe, on some intimation from the assembly and commis- 
sioners, would be willing to come and settle here : as col*!^ 
Dwight of Northampton ; who, though he sometimes is a 
little rough in his way of talking, yet is benevolent, publick 
spirited and generous in his actions ; is a strictly serious con-L, 
scientious man, and greatly abhors little arts and designs forjL 
promoting a private interest, to the injury of the publick andL. 
the interest of religion. And there is Dr. Israel Ashley of L 
Westfield, who is another gentleman like minded, one that I tag 
have particular acquaintance with, a very serious pious man, y 
and very active and discerning in the management of affairs ; jL 
and I am satisfied would have no aversion to removing and| a 
settling here. And I should think that, considering the nature 
of the business to be taken care of here, it would not be im- 
proper that one or two clergymen should be of the number of 
trustees. Mr. Hopkins of Sheffield is just at hand, and is a[j" 
gentleman of noted piety and prudence, and too honest to 
have a hand in any dishonest management, or to endure any. 
I hope, sir, you will excuse my troubling you with so long 
a letter, and my expressing my thoughts in it with such free 


Rev. Mr. Edwards'* Letter. 153 

dom. I thought it of great importance that some members 
of the general assembly should be fully informed of the pre- 
sent state of our affairs, which so nearly concern the temporal 
prosperity of this province, as well as the advancement of the 
jkingdom of Christ, and the good of immortal souls. 
I am, Sir, your most obliged 
Humble servant, 


The Hun. Thomas Hubbard, Esq. [From the original MS.] 


The pious efforts of our ancestors for christianizing the 
natives, whether successful or not, deserve to be recorded. 
This proposal of Mr. Edwards (afterward president of New- 
Fersey college) for the education of Mohawk children was not 
carried into full effect. It probably influenced the appoint- 
ment of Mr. Hawley to the service on which he entered at 
5tockbridge5 Feb. 1752, under the patronage of Mr. Edwards. 
Here he taught a few families of Mohawks, Oneidas, and Tus- 
'.aroras; but his instruction of them wasof nolongcontinuance.* 
The Indian school however has been of eminent service to the 
5TOCKBRidge Indians. It was uniformly maintained at 
Rockbridge until the removal of these Indians to New-Stock- 
)ridge (about 160 miles distant from the old town), at which 
)lace it has since been continued. Here a missionary con- 
tantly resides. The present missionary is the Rev. Mr. Ser- 
jeant. The mission is supported by the Society in Scotland 
or promoting Christian Knowledge, and the Corporation of 
larvard University. The number of Indians at New-Stock- 
fidge, in 1796, was 300; and the Indian church consisted 
f 5 men and 25 women. Many of these Indians could 
ead English, and some few could write. Beside the annuity 
ir'hich these Indians receive from the United States, by virtue 
f a treaty between the United States and the Six nations 
i 1794, they have received some assistance, with regard to 
: istruments of husbandry, from the Society for Propagating 
1 le Gospel among Indians and others in North-America. 
The whole of the Mohawk nation of Indians, who resided 
n Mohawk river, left their ancient villages about the year 
780, and have never returned. They reside within the 

* See the causes which frustrated the design in Coll. Hist. Soc. iv. 55. 
vol. x. w 


154 Rev. Dr. Channels Letter. 

British Canadian lines, and, ten years ago, were estimated 
at 300.* By accounts from England the last year, it appears 
that 2000 copies of the gospel of John, in the Mohawk lan- 
guage, had been printed in London, at the expense of the 
British and Foreign Bible Society ; that 500 copies had 
already been distributed, with great acceptance, among the 
Mohawks settled on the Grand river; and that, in consequence 
of an application to the society, 500 more were about to be 
sent, for the use of the Roman Catholic and other Mohawks, 
lower down the St. Lawrence. This translation was made 
by an Indian chief of the Six Nations, known in England 
by the name of John Norton, but in his native country, by 
the name of Tryoninhokaraven. This chief went to England 
to obtain from the British government a confirmation of a 
certain grant of land to his countrymen. His father appears j|j s 
to have been an Indian, and his mother a native of Scotland. 
He was educated at a British school, from the age of thirteen 
to that of fifteen. " His observations are acute, and the 
language in which they are conveyed is strong and elegant. 
In history, both ancient and modern, he is well versed; inL 
geography he displays peculiar information. On every subject, p 
connected with his country, his knowledge is minute. HisLff 
person is tall and muscular, his eye large and expressive. |) or 
His thirst after every species of knowledge is extreme ; but Jom 
his particular attention is directed to obtain every information 
that may improve the condition of his country." He intends 
to proceed with the translation of the Evangelists Matthew 
and Luke, the Six-Nations being already in possession of a 
Mohawk translation of St. Mark, and the Liturgy of the English L, 
church, by the well known chief, Col. Brandt. Edit. L 


A Sketch of Eminent Men in New-England. In a 
Letter from the Rev. Dr. Chauncy to Dr. Stiles. 

BOSTON, MAY 6, 1768. 

Rev. and dear Sir, I If 

I NOW set myself to recollect, and name to you, the ™ 
gentlemen in this country of whom I have entertained p 
the highest opinion. Mr. 

* See report of a Committee, who visited the Oneida and Mohekunuh 
Indians in 1796, in Coll. Hist. Soc. v. 12-32. Perhaps 300 warriors 

Sketch of Eminent Men in New-England. 155 

Mr. Jeremiah Dummer, a native of Boston, but an in- 
habitant in London the greater part of his life ; Mr. John 
Bulklei, minister at Colchester in Connecticut; and Mr. 
Thomas Walter of Roxbury. I reckon the three first for 
bxtent and strength of genius and powers New-England has 
kver yet produced. Mr. Dummer 1 never saw that I re- 
Inember, but entertain this thought of him from the character 
t have had of him from all quarters. Few exceeded him 
even in England, perhaps, for sprightliness of thought, ease, 
Helicacy and fluency in speaking and writing. His acquain- 
tance with Harley, and some other prime managers in the lat- 
er end of Queen Ann's reign, and his appearing an advocate 
for the measures at that time, were greatly disadvantageous 
jo him ever after. Had it not been for this circumstance in 
mis life, he probably would have risen to a high degree of 
iminency in the state. Some have said he would have stood 
I good chance of being a prime minister. 
| Mr. John Bulkley I have seen and conversed with, 
ilhough so long ago that I form no judgment of him from 
my own knowledge. Mr. Whittlesey of Wallingford, Mr. 
Chauncy of Durham, and others I could mention, ever spoke 
!j»f him as a first rate genius ; and I have often heard that Mr. 
iPummer and he, who were class-mates at college, were ac- 
counted the greatest geniuses of that day. The preference 
was given to Dummer in regard of quickness, brilliancy, and 
jjvit ; to Bulkley in regard of solidity of judgment and 

strength of argument. Mr. Gershom Bulkley of in 

(Connecticut, father of John, I have heard mentioned as a 
Hruly great man, and eminent for his skill in chemistry : and 
jpe father of Gershom, Mr. Bulkley of Concord, was es- 
teemed in his day one of the greatest men in this part of the 
ij/orld. But, by all I have been able to collect, the Colches- 
ter Bulkley surpassed his predecessors in the strength of his 
intellectual powers. His mother was daughter of president 

! j Mr. Walter of Roxbury, son of the old gentleman Ne- 
i emiah, who for more than sixty years was pastor of the church 
{here, I was acquainted with, and often had occasion to admire 
jpr the superlative excellence of his natural and acquired ac- 
ipmplishments. His genius was universal and yet surprising- 
ly strong. He seemed to have almost an intuitive knowledge 


156 Sketch of Eminent Men in New-England. 


of every thing. There was no subject but he was perfectly 
acquainted with it; and -such was the power he had over his 
thoughts and words, that he could readily and without any 
pains, write or speak just what he would. He loved com- 
pany and diversion, which prevented his being the greatest 
student; and he had no need to study much ; for his powers 
were so quick and retentive that he heard nothing but it be- 
came his own, so as that he could afterwards use it as occasion 
offered. He made himself master of almost all Doct. Cotton 
Mather's learning, by taking frequent opportunities of con- 
versing with him. I suppose he gained more learning this 
way than most others could have done by a whole life's hard 
study. You may read his character as given by his uncle in 
his sermon on his death. He died in the prime of life, other- 
wise he would have been more known in the world as one 
of the first in New-England among our truly great men. 

In regard of literature, or acquaintance with books of all 
kinds, I give the palm to Doct. Cotton Mather. No na- 
tive of this country, as I imagine, had read so much, or 
retained more of what he had read. He was the greatest 
redeemer of time I ever knew ; and lost as little of it as any one! ' 
could do in his situation. There were scarcely any books pt 
written but he had some how or other got the sight of them. L 
His own library was the largest by far of any private one on Sir 
the continent. He was always reading and writing, and hadpi 
the happiest talent of going rapidly through a book. Had hisw 
powers of judging and reasoning been equal to his other fa-|r, 
culties, I should have ranked him among the first three. He 
knew more of the history of this country, from the begin- 
ning to this day, than any man in it ; and could he have con- 
veyed his knowledge with proportionable judgment, and the 
omission of a vain show of much learning, he would have 
given the best history of it. He had his oddities, foibles, and 
credulities, all which imperfections are too visible in his wri-Ianc 
tings, and have been greatly detrimental to his character as 
well as intentions, toanswer theend of doing good. His father, 
Doct. Increase Mather, was more solid and judicious, 
though less learned. He was indeed a man of very conside- 
rable learning for that day, but still he fell much below his sonfe 
in this accomplishment. He did not excel in his capacity of 
seeing to the bottom of a subject. He was a grave, serious, 


Sketch of Eminent Men in New-England. 157 

solid, judicious, useful preacher ; but not the most rational one. 
He possessed the reasoning power in a moderate degree only. 
Mr. Stoddard of Northampton exceeded him in this re- 
spect, though much his inferiour in point of learning. I sup- 
pose this Mr. Stoddard to have been a gentleman of very con- 
siderable powers, though not so great as some have imagined. 
Mr. Edwards, his grandson was much the greatest man. I 
have read all Mr. Stoddard's writings, but was never able to 
see in them that strength of genius some have attributed to 
him. Mr. Williams of Hatfield, his son in law, I believe 
to have been the greater man, and I am ready to think greater 
than any of his own sons, though they were all men of more 
khan common understanding. Rector Williams and his 
[brother Solomon, I give the preference to the other sons. 

You will naturally be led to mention such men as the 
famous Cotton, the first I mean of this name in New- 
England, who had more learning and understanding than 
all that have descended from him ; Mr. Norton, Mr. 
Hooker, Davenport, and others of our first fathers of 
enown in their generation. 

To come to later times. Few, perhaps, have had a more 
xtensive acquaintance than I have been favoured with. I 
vas considerably intimate with Doctor Colman, Dr. Sewal, 
Mr. William Cooper, and Mr. Gee of this town. Dr. Col- 
han's memoirs by his son Turell will furnish you with a 
arge account of him. His character would have been great- 
;r, could it have been said of him that he excelled as much 
n strength of reason and firmness of mind, as in many other 
rood qualities. Mr. Cooper was a good preacher, eminent- 
y gifted in prayer, and a man of good understanding ; though 
lot endowed with a great deal of learning ; or an uncom- 
non strength in any of his powers. Mr. Gee was much his 
luperiour both in powers and learning. He had a clear head, 
nd a stronger one than common. Few saw farther, or could 
eason better. His foible was a strange indolence of temper. 
3e preferred talking with his friends to every thing else. 

Mr. John Barnard of Marblehead has been a long and 
lear friend and acquaintance of mine. He is now in his 85th 
rear, and I hear is seized this winter with blindness. I es- 
eem him to have been one of our greatest men. Had he 
urned his studies that way, he would perhaps have been as 


158 Sketch of Eminent Men in New-England. 

great a mathematician as any in this country, I had almost 
said in England itself. - He is equalled by few in regard 
either of readiness of invention, liveliness of imagination, 
or strength and clearness in reasoning. 

President Holyoke I have for a long course of years been 
intimately acquainted with. He is in many respects a very 
valuable man, and in some respects admirably well qualified 
for a presidency over the college. I have, also, been inti- 
mate with Mr. Appleton, who is an upright, faithful, ex- 
cellent preacher, though much wanting in correctness, and 
a man of very considerable powers ; and has been of great 
service to the college by his wise endeavours to promote its 
good. He deserves to be remembered with honour. 

I might mention others of my acquaintance, but shall 
only name a few more, with whom I have been peculiarly 
free and intimate. Mr. John Taylor of Milton and I were 
playmates when little boys, went to school together, were 
class-mates at college, and all along till his death in close 
friendship and acquaintance with each other. He was an 
agreeable, pleasant companion, and a friend that might be 
depended on. His diffidence of himself and modesty of 
temper restrained him from preaching much from home, and 
produced in him a settled determination that nothing of his 
should appear in the world. Upon his dying bed he left his 
papers with me, with this positive charge that I would take 
the first opportunity after he was dead to commit them to the 
flames ; which I accordingly did. He was rather an agree- 
ble than great man ; rather pretty and delicate in his senti- (l ut 
ments and expressions, than strong and nervous. His head 
was clear, though not the strongest. Few were more uni- 
versally beloved while they lived, and lamented when dead 
among those of their acquaintance. * | A 

Judge Sewal was my next nearest friend and dearest ac 
quaintance. We were class-mates at college, and from that Dei 
time to the day of his death lived in close union and all the 
freedoms of the most intimate friendship. Quickness of ap- 
prehension and a capacity to look thoroughly into a subject 
were united to him in the highest degree I ever saw in any of I 
my acquaintance. One could scarce begin to mention a train 
of thought, but he would at once perceive the whole of what ! 
was going to be said ; and, if it was a disputable point, had in j 


Sketch of Eminent Men in New- England. 159 

^•readiness whatever was proper to be said in answer. Dr. 
iMayhew's character of him, in his sermon on his death, is 
^strictly just. I refer you to that without saying any thing 
fcfarther than only this, that he was too benevolent in his 
|make for his circumstances. He was so kind and good to 
Ahis relations and others in want, that he outdid his proper 
^capacity for doing. 

I Doctor Mayhew was another of my most intimate com- 
ijpanions. I have hinted this in my sermon on his death, 
Iwhieh gives him his just character. I could mention to you 
Several anecdotes relative to him worthy of notice, but I may 
;not venture them in writing. 

Mr. Winthrop, Hollisian professor, I have been very 
'free and intimate with. He is by far the greatest man at the 
^college in Cambridge. Had he been of a pushing genius, and a 
disposition to make a figure in the world, he might have done 
lit to his own honour, as well as the honour of the college. I 
Suppose none will dispute his being the greatest mathemati- 
cian and philosopher in this country ; and, was the world ac- 
quainted with his other accomplishments, he would be ranked 
femong the chief for his learning with reference to the other 
sciences. He is, in short, a very critical thinker and writer; 
knows a vast deal in every part of literature, and is as well 
able to manage his knowledge in a way of strong reasoning as 
any man I know. He went along with me in a particular 
study for nearly two years. I had many written communica- 
tions from him, and he from me, not so much by way of dis- 
pute, as by joining our forces in order to the investigation of 
|ome certain truths. But this is an anecdote which L must 
mot be more particular in opening to you. 

Mr. Ebenezer Gay of Hingham, and Mr. William 
Rand of Kingston in Plymouth county, I have been long 
Jin near friendship and intimacy with, but I suppose you know 
(neither of them, and shall only say that they are both as val- 
Iliable and great men as almost any among us. I could men- 
tion more names, and of my acquaintance too, but those I 
.■have mentioned are the most worthy of notice. I know of 
Ihone whom I have a higher opinion of. 

I had like to have forgotten Mr. Samuel Whittlesey 
]|)f Wallingford. My acquaintance with him began in the 
wear 1721 the year I took my first degree at college. 1 went 
I that 

160 Sketch of Eminent Men in New-England. 

that year to see my friends in the country, and was for six 
weeks at this Mr. Whittlesey's house. Great numbers of 
letters since that day have passed between us ; though, as he 
was a very cautious man, not a great deal of a very private 
nature. Perhaps he was more free and open with me than 
any man now living in the world. Mr. Whittlesey was, I 
believe, one of the greatest men in Connecticut. He had 
not only a clear and strong head, but the clearest way of ex- 
pressing his thoughts upon any difficult subject, of any one I 
have been acquainted with. I have heard him say, when he 
had in his mind clear ideas of a subject, he could communi- 
cate them with the same clearness they lay in his mind, and 
do it with ease. 

I wonder I should not till now think of Doct. Wiggles- 
worth, Hollisian Professor of Divinity at our Cambridge 
college, as he was one of my best friends and longest acquain- 
tance, and had courage to speak honourably of me in the new- 
light time, when it was dangerous to do so. He was some 
years usher in the grammar school in Boston. He left this 
employment with a design to settle in the ministry ; and took 
a chamber at college about the time I was graduated there. 
He lived at college some years before there was an opportuni- 
ty for his being chosen into the Professorship ; all which time 
1 had the pleasure of being many times in a week in company 
with him, and since that time I familiarly corresponded with 
him by speech or writing till he died. He is highly deserving 
of being remembered with honour, not only on account of 
his character as a man of learning, piety, usefulness in his day, 
strength of mind, largeness of understanding, and an extraor- 
dinary talent at reasoning with clearness and the most nervous 
cogency, but on account also of his catholick spirit and con- 
duct, notwithstanding great temptations to the contrary. He 
was one of the most candid men you ever saw ; far removed 
from bigotry, no ways rigid in his attachment to any scheme, 
yet steady to his own principles, but at the same time charita-Hs 
ble to others, though they widely differed from him. He was, p 
in one word, a truly great and excellent man. His son, who U 
succeeds him in the professorship, will furnish you, if youM 
desire it, with such memoirs as you may judge needful. Pt 

I have been, perhaps, too particular and large in my enume- j lii 
ration of gentlemen of whom I have entertained a high opin- P 


Sketch of Eminent Men in New-England. 1G1 

ion. I could have said ten times as much concerning each of 
them had it been needful, and it would not have carried me 
to too great a length. My old friends and acquaintance are 
almost all gone to the other world, and it is now too late to 
contract new friendships with former intimacy. I am well 
acquainted with many of our younger clergymen, as well as 
many of other orders, but age and youth do not so well match 
together. I expect no such friendships as former ones, till I 
go into another state. I wish I may acquit myself with 
fidelity and honour in this ; if so, I doubt not I shall be far 
more happy in the enjoyment of friendships begun here with 
I many that are departed hence, than ever I was while they 
i were in this present state. 

If, at your leisure, you could send me a list of those wor- 
I thies whose memory you intend to embalm in honour to the 
i country, as well as to you, I may, at my leisure, collect for 
you something or other relative to at least some of them that 
i may be worthy of notice. I have preserved in my breast a 
| good many anecdotes. Possibly they may relate to some or 
I other of those you would write of. 

I believe I have greatly tired your patience already; but I 
I must beg you would bear with me a little longer. I have by 
jme materials for a complete view of all that is said by the 
; Fathers of the two first centuries relative to the Episcopal 
(controversy, and have been advised to put them together for 
i publication. The whole might be comprehended in one 8vo 
I volume, with the just character and full general account of 
ieach Father, with what he had written within this period. The 
,work might easily be done so as that the common people 
jmight have as clear and full an idea of what has been said by 
the Fathers, about which so much noise has been made, as 
iwhat is contained upon this head in the sacred scriptures. Let 
ime have your thoughts upon this matter with all freedom. If 
I am qualified for anything, 'tis for a work of this nature : for 
!I spent four years of harder study than ever I went through in 
jany part of my life in reading the Fathers, and all the books I 
could find upon the Episcopal controversy, on both sides, in 
jail the libraries in town, and that at Cambridge. You may 
wonder how I came to spend so much time and labour in this 
.kind of study. The occasion was this : Mr. Davenport, 
who married my first wife's sister, declared for the church and 
vol. x x went 

162 Sketch of Eminent Men in New-England. 

went over for orders upon this pretence, that it was a certain 
fact, that Episcopacy, in the appropriated sense, was the form 
of government in the church from the time of the Apostles 
and down along through all successive ages. I imagined 
that my connection with him would naturally lead me into 
frequent conversations upon this point ; and, that I might be 
thoroughly qualified for a debate with him or others he might 
be connected with, on this head, I entered upon this study 
and went on in it at the expense of much more time and 
pains than I imagined it would cost me at first. I have by 
me extracts from all kinds of writers upon this subject ; and 
could write folios upon it, was it needful. 

As I am now writing to a friend with more freedom than 
would be proper, if I could not safely rely on his indulgence, 
I will go on, and say a few things more. It was just about 
the time of my finishing the studies before mentioned that 
Mr. Whitfield made his appearance among us. This kept 
me still to close and constant labour in my study. I wrote 
and printed in that day more than two volumes in octavo. 
A vast number of pieces were published also as written by 
others ; but there was scarce a piece against the times but 
was sent to me, and I had the labour sometimes of prepar- 
ing it for the press, and always of correcting the press. I 
had also hundreds of letters to write, in answer to letters 
received from all parts of the country. This labour, con- 
tinued without interruption for so many years, in addition to 
my ministerial work, which I did not neglect any part of 
this time, broke my constitution. But by a resolute severity 
as to regimen, and a great number of journeys of seven, eight, 
nine, and ten hundred miles, in the course of three or four 
years, I so far recovered my health as to be able to pursue 
my studies again ; though never since with that constancy 
and long attention I could do before. My next study was 
the Bible, more particularly the Epistles, more particularly 
still those of the Apostle Paul. 1 spent seven years in this 
study, in which time I read every thing that I could hear of 
in any of the libraries here or at Cambridge, that had an 
aspect upon illustrating the scriptures, and sent to England 
for a considerable number of writers recommended by Doct. 
Doddridge, which I suppose are no where in the country but 
in my study, unless they have been sent for by the Cam- 

Sketch of Eminent Men in New-England. 163 

bridge college since the fire, as I desired some of them to 
take care that they might be. I have mentioned these things 
in order to introduce an opportunity for your judgment and 
advice. The result of my studying the scriptures with the 
above mentioned helps is a large parcel of materials fitted to 
answer several designs. The materials for one design 1 have 
put together, and they have lain by in a finished quarto 
volume for some years. This is written with too much free- 
dom to admit of a publication in this country. Some of my 
friends who have seen it, have desired I would send it home 
for publication, and to have it printed without a name. I 
question whether it will ever see the light till after my death, 
and I am not yet determined whether to permit its being 
ithen printed, or to order its being committed to the flames. 
jit is a work that cost me much thought and a great deal of 
hard labour. It is upon a most interesting subject. 

I have the materials for an octavo volume upon another 
subject, and they are mostly put together ; but the work is as 
•yet unfinished. It will contain the three following disserta- 
tions ; " On the one man Adam in his innocent state." "On 
the one man Adam in his lapsed state." " On the posterity 
•of the one man Adam as deriving existence from him, not in 
his innocent but lapsed state." The whole is written from 
the scripture account of these matters, and not from any 
jhuman scheme. It will not, I believe, comport with what is 
galled orthodoxy, but I am verily persuaded it contains the 
real truth. I do not know but I shall venture it into the 
ijworld with my name to it, leaving the event in regard of its 
liaffecting my character with the allwise Governor of all 

I have moreover materials for another work, and a very use- 
ful and important one, but they lie as yet in a disjoined heap. 
It is what may be called a key to the New Testament, more 
especially the Apostles' writings. The design of this is to 
Jjprepare the mind for reading and understanding the New Tes- 
tament writings ; and, as I imagine, it would happily tend to 
guard one against mistakes, and lead into a true understand- 
ing of the inspired writings. I have still another piece, which, 
when I have leisure, I will publish with all freedom. It wants 
'little more than transcribing to finish it. It is upon the 
benevolence of God, its nature, illustration, and consistency 



164 Sketch of Eminent Men in New-England. 

with evil both natural and moral. This was written many 
years ago. It will make a moderate octavo volume. 

I have been, you see, very free with you ; and I desire you 
would use the same freedom with me. Let me have your 
sedate thoughts and most mature advice relative to these 
things. If Doct. Chandler don't set me to work again, I 
propose as soon as I conveniently can to finish the above men- 
tioned Dissertations and the Divine Benevolence. They 
may then lie by till it be determined how to dispose of them, jffitl 

I did not mention Mr. Willard and Mr. Pemberton of 
this town, and Mr. William Brattle minister of Cambridge 
church, because such venerable and reputable men that I 
supposed you needed not to be put in mind of them. You 
will find Mr. Willard's just character in Mr. Pemberton's 
sermon on his death ; and the character of the other two 
gentlemen in Doct. Colman's sermon occasioned by their 
death. They all died before my capacity of judging. You 
may wonder I have not mentioned Mr. Foxcroft, as he is U 
my colleague. It may be justly said of him, that his powers 
are much beyond the common size. Few have been greater 
students in Divinity. His knowledge is pretty much con- 
fined within this circle. His reasoning faculty, before his 
last sickness, was in a degree of eminence ; and few had a 
greater command of words ; nor was he wanting in liveliness 
of imagination. He has written and printed several very 
valuable things, beside sermons, that will reflect honour on 
him in the opinion of all capable judges. 

I am sorry I did not think to name Mr. Thomas Prince 
till now ; for he is more worthy of notice than some I have 
mentioned. I do not know of any one that had more 
learning among us, excepting Doct. Cotton Mather; and it 
was extensive, as was also his genius. He possessed all the 
intellectual powers in a degree far beyond what is common. 
He may be justly characterized as one of our great men ; 
though he would have been much greater, had he not been 
apt to give too much credit, especially to surprising stories. 
He could easily be imposed on this way. Another imperfec- 
tion that was really hurtful to him was, a strange disposition 
to regard more, in multitudes of instances, the circumstances 
of things, and sometimes minute and trifling ones, than the 
things themselves. I could from my own acquaintance with 
him give many instances of this. But these weaknesses 


Sketch of Eminent Men in New- England. 165 

lotwithstanding, he deserves to be remembered with honour. 
lis brother Nathan Prince, who for a long course of years 
vas a tutor at our college, I esteem to have been the greater 
nan of the two. His learning was not, I believe, so exten- 
ive, but still very great. He was a greater mathematician 
nd philosopher, and a much better classical scholar and 
)gician. I am ready to think his powers were stronger, es- 
ecially his reasoning faculty. I was intimately acquainted 
nth him for 30 years. It is a pity he gave occasion for his 
ismission from college. This was his ruin. It turned him 
ut of bread, and finally proved a temptation strong enough 
) reconcile him to the taking of orders. He had read all 
|ie Fathers, and made vast collections from them on almost 
jjvery subject. I never yet knew the man that had a more 
,eeply rooted aversion to the church, than he had before his 
ismission from the college. 1 have heard him a hundred 
Imes make himself and company merry with their talk about 
relacy and the Fathers in support of it. There is no know- 
jig what a man may be brought to by the force of tempta- 
pon. Notwithstanding all this, he deserves a place among 
le great men in this country. 

: Mr. Flynt, likewise, is worthy of an honorable mention. 
I was forty years frequently conversant with him, and knew 
*m to have been a solid, judicious man, and one of the best 
if preachers. He was not contemptible for his learning ; he 
tight have excelled in it, considering his advantages, had he 
ot been of an indolent temper to a great degree. 
: I send you by this opportunity a small pamphlet, I acciden- 
lllly found a few weeks since at Mr. Mather's among some 
^d rubbish. It may be worth your reading, as its object is 
lie of the sons of president Chauncy. If you write any 
ling of the father, it would be natural to mention this son ; 
lid I convey this pamphlet to you that you may extract from 
I what you think proper. Send it back as soon as you con- 
ttniently can, because I have some thoughts of reprinting it 
lith a prefatory introduction suitable to the times. It will 
Bve our people a lively idea of the sufferings of their fore- 

Ithers, and what may be expected from Bishops here. 
Had I leisure and usual health, I would have sent a correct- 
copy of this first and rude draft. I know your candour 
ill overlook the many inaccuracies you will meet with. 
I am, your very good friend and humble servant, 


\Dr. Ezra Stiles. 

166 Dr. Stiles' Letter. 









Letter from Dr. Stiles to Rev. Mr. Barnard. 

NEWPORT, OCT. 3, 1767 
Rev. and respected Sir, 

ON the first of last month I received a packet from you in- 
closing 5 volumes of your works, 2 pamphlets, the MS. 
of your own Life, and your kind letter of 12 August. I have 
written in the books a memoir of their author and donor, and 
deposited them in our Ecclesiastical Library. Be pleased to 
accept our grateful acknowledgments for this generous bene- 
faction, by which you have ornamented our collection, and 
will survive your own death in publick and lasting usefulness. 
I am glad to have collected all the works of so venerable aj 
father in the congregational churches, especially as by your 
letter it should seem that some of them after your decease 
would have probably been irrecoverably lost. 

With great pleasure I have read your life again and again.! 1 ! 1 
It has proved a feast to me. So long a life of a gentleman ofp 
your figure and extensive connexions must contain much gc-W 
clesiastical history, abound in political anecdotes, and involve F 
very interesting participations in the publick occurrences andf! 
transactions, concerning many of which you have the honour ,, 

to say, quorum pars magna Jul Posterity will honour 

the learning, piety, and firmness in the Redeemer's cause, and ? 
the noble evangelical spirit, which shine through your writings ]■ J 
and life. May we, the younger disciples and sons in the ] 
ministry, imitate the amiable examples and right Puritan ^ 
spirit of our ancestors and fathers. | 

You have, sir, been acquainted with most of the characters 
of eminence for sanctity, usefulness, and erudition among the! , 
ministers of New-England. Pray oblige me so much as to 
enumerate to me the names of those ministers already pastf ( 
off the stage, of whom you have conceived the highest J 
opinion as divines, whose memories are worthy of double! 
honour through all American ages.* V 

I am, Rev. Sir, 

Your dutiful son in the Gospel, 

Rev. John Barnard, Marblehead. 

[* A similar application was made to Dr. Chauncy. It was our intention to have j t 
Mr. Barnard's Sketch inserted before his, and this Letter would have shown the origin 1 1 
of both: but (incuria typograph.) the proper order is inverted. Edit.] 

Sketch of Eminent Ministers in New-England. 167 

Mr. Barnard wrote a letter in reply, dated Marblehead 16 
Dctober, 1767 ; in which was the following paragraph : " I 
1 have also sent you, enclosed in this, according to your desire, 
1 a short sketch of the excellent men whom I knew, who 
r are gone to reap the rewards of their labours." This ven- 
erable man died 24 January 1770, in the LXXXIXth year 
»f his age, and LIVth of his ministry. He had been a 
preacher of the Gospel above 68 years. 

Sketch of Eminent Ministers in New-England. By 
Rev. John Barnard. 

" The first I shall take notice of is the Rev. Mr. Charles 
Morton, who was (if I was not misinformed) sent for from 
i ngland to take our college under his care, but before he ar- 
|ved another was appointed at the head of it, and he settled 
In the ministry at Charlestown ; was an excellent Christian ; 
£ great erudition in the philosophy of that day. I remember 
m my time we recited at College a piece of his, called Morton's 
jjhysicks, in manuscript. He died, as I suppose, about the 
ijear 1692.* 

| The Rev. Mr. Samuel Torry, who was educated at our 
allege [Harvard], but for some reasons deferring the com- 
hencement, stayed not to take his degree — was settled at 
{Weymouth, proved a man of good learning, a very holy man, 
jpd most excellently gifted in prayer ; and very useful in his 
lay : died in 1707. 

The Rev. Mr. Joshua Moody, graduated at our college 
>853, was first settled at Portsmouth, in Piscataqua, but 
Ipon some occasion removed from thence to Boston, where 
re lived, and died, unfixed in any church, but assisting the 
Iveral churchesf : a very pious, devout, good man, and wor- 
1y preacher; whose life has been given to the publick by 
jr. C. Mather. 

I The very Rev. Dr. Increase Mather was graduated at 
nr college in 1656. A man of superiour learning in the 
Ingues, a great reader, of solid judgment, and a very judi- 
ous preacher. His life is made publick by his son, Cotton 
lather. The 

(?* A. D. 1696. See a farther account of Mr. Morton in this volume. 
Kf See p. 45 of this volume for a more correct account. 

168 Sketch of Eminent Ministers in New- England. 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Willard, graduated in 1669, first 
settled at Groton, but when that town was broke up by the 
Indians, he removed to Boston, was fixed in the church now 
under Dr. SewalVs care ; some time vice-president of the 
college : He was an hard student, of great learning, for that 
day, of a clear head, solid judgment, excellent both in preach- 
ing and in prayer, an exemplary Christian, pleasant in con 
versation, whose name is had in remembrance among us, 
and his works praise him. 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Cheever, graduated in 1659; mv 
predecessor, of great classick learning, a good preacher, a 
thorough Christian, and a prudent man. 

The Rev. Mr. Samuel Belcher, graduated in 1659 
settled at Newbury Newtown, then so called, a good scholar 
a judicious divine, a holy and humble man. ie| 

The Rev. Mr. Peter Bulkley graduated in 1660, he L 
was esteemed a great and judicious man, and his book oiL 
the Covenant proves him to be so. I never knew him. L 

The Rev. Mr. Solomon Stoddard graduated in 1662,^ 
settled at Northampton, a very great man, as a Christian,)^ 
and divine, whom though I knew, yet you have had they, 
opportunity of being more thoroughly acquainted with his! ] 
character than I have. JL 

The Rev. Mr. Nehemiah Hob art, graduated in 1667,jy 
settled at Newtown, an excellent scholar, in the Latin, Greek^ 
and Hebrew, some time a vice-president of the college, al- 
most pious, humble, prudent, and benevolent man. L 

The Rev. Mr. Nicholas Noses, graduated also in 1667JL 
settled at Salem, of good learning, a judicious preacher,L 
deep studyed in the Revelations, of an holy life, pleasant! j 
conversation, died a bachelor. L 

Dr. Cotton Mather, graduated in 1678, settled with hisL 
father in Boston in the second church, whose name is in allL 
the churches, a man well skilled in the tongues, and someL 
parts of philosophy, a most greedy devourer of books, andfl . 
knowing in all parts of literature, of a rampant bright imagi-|j 
nation, quick invention, a flaming preacher, close walkeijjn 
with God, pious, but facetious and instructive in conversa-1 
tion, a most active man in the interests of the churches ; | 
whose Life is given us by his son, Samuel Mather. | r 

The Rev. William Brattle, graduated in 1680, settled 

Sketch of Eminent Ministers in New-England. 169 

in Cambridge, an excellent scholar, good preacher, a very 
ipious, humble, and meek man, though naturally of quick and 
Istrong passions ; full of benevolence, a father to the college, 
and cherisher of the candidates for the ministry ; exceeding 
ilprudent, to whom all addressed themselves for advice. 

The Rev. Mr. Nehemiah Walter, graduated in 1684, 
Settled at Roxbury, of very good learning, a most excellent 
divine, admirable preacher, holiness of life, purity of manners, 
ipumble, prudent, and courteous : his works praise him. 

The Rev. Benjamin Wadsworth, graduated in 1690, 
settled in Boston, of good learning, most pious, humble, and 
prudent, an excellent, plain, pathetical preacher, removed to 
Cambridge as president of the college, and there died. 

The Rev. Mr. Ebenezer Pemberton, graduated in 1691, 
iettled in Boston, of a strong genius, extensive learning, a 
Treacher of raised thoughts, and a masculine stile, of flaming 
Real in the cause of God and religion, violent in his passions, 
Ind as soft as you would wish for out. of them, a good Chris- 
nan, and a faithful pastor. The character of whom, with 
Mr. Brattle's, Dr. Colman hath given us in a lecture sermon 
■Published among us. 

The very Rev. Dr. Benjamin Colman, graduated inl692; 
liter having spent some time in England, returned and set- 
lied in Boston ; a most gentlemanly man, of polite aspect 
Ind conversation, very extensive erudition, great devotion of 
lbirit and behaviour, a charming and admired preacher, exten- 
Rvely serviceable to the college and country, whose w T orks 
jpeathe his exalted, oratorical, devout, and benign spirit; an 
jkcellent man in spirit, in faith, in holiness, and charity. 
I The very Rev. Dr. Jonathan Mayhew, graduated 1744, 
fettled in Boston, of a noble genius, acquainted with the 
lest learning, a most laborious student, a polite writer, a 
I rong defender of the rights and liberties of the state and 
Ihurch, and, notwithstanding his different sentiments from 
Jje, I esteem him a truly pious, benevolent, and useful man ; 

ed in middle age. 

Beside these, whom I esteem the first class, there have 

en several other very worthy men, whom I will just name, 

he Rev. Mr. Peter Thacher, grad. 1671, settled at Milton. 
Jona. Russell, grad. 1675, sett'ed at Barnstable. 
vol. x. y A he 

170 Sketch of Eminent Ministers in New -England. 

The Rev. Mr. John Danforth, grad. 1 677, settled at Dorchester. 
Thomas Barnard, grad. 1679, settled at Ando- 

John Rogers, grad. 1684, settled at Ipswich. 
Henry Gibbs, grad. 1685, settled at Waterlown. 
John Hancock, grad. 1689, settled at Lexing- 


Joseph Belcher, grad. 1690, settled at Dedham. [,|J 
Nathaniel Clap, grad. 1690, settled at R. Island. 
Nathaniel Stone, grad. 1690, settled at Harivich. 
Simon Bradstreet, grad. 1693, settled at Charles- 

Eliphalet Adams, grad. 1694, settled at N. Lon- 

(don, a great Hebrician. \ m 
Jabez Fitch, grad. 1694, settled at Ipswich and | Tl j 

Thomas Blowers, grad. 1695, settled at Beverly. 
Joseph Green, grad. 1695, settled at Salem Vil- 
Peter Thacher, grad. 1696, settled at Weymouth 

(and Boston. 
Samuel Moody, grad. 1697, settled at our York. 
John White, grad. 1698, settled at Glocester. « 
Samuel Niles, grad. 1699, settled at Braintree. |j 
Robert Breck, grad. 1700, settled at Marlboro 1 . 

(a great Hebrician. 
Jeremiah Wise, grad. 1700, settled at Benvick. 
George Curwin, grad. 1701, settled at Salem, 

(died young. 
Joseph Stevens, grad. 1703, settled at Charles- 

(town, died young. 
Thomas Prince, grad. 1707, settled at Boston. 
William Welstead, grad. 1716, settled at Boston. 
Joshua Gee, grad. 1717, settled at Boston. , |j c 
John Hancock, grad. 1719, settled at Braintree, L] 

(died young. L 
John Sparhawk, grad. 1723, settled at Salem, p a , 

(died young. 

These were all men of learning, pious, humble, prudent, 
faithful and useful men in their day." [' 


| tin 
I am 




Life of President Chauncy. 171 

Life of the Rev. President Chauncy, written at the 


HARLES CHAUNCY, the first of the name in this 
country, and from whom all others of the same name 
lere are descended, was born in Hertfordshire, in the year 
1589. The particular town that gave him birth I could never 
earn. He had his grammar education at Westminster school, 
which adjoined to the Parliament-house, and was at school 
it the very time when the gun powder plot was to have taken 
effect ; and must have perished, if the Parliament-house, as 
vas intended, had been blown up. I particularly mention 
his fact because it is an emphatically important one as relat- 
ive to myself, and strongly points out the special obligation I 
im under to set an asterism on the 5th of November, which, 
o this day is commemorated in the colonies, as well as mother 
country, as I hope it always will be, with expressions of joy 
nd gratitude. My existence, with all its connections in 
his world and another, which were then only possible futil- 
ities, were absolutely dependent on this deliverance by an 
extraordinary interposition in God's all governing providence. 
t is far beyond us to conceive of the number, or important 
greatness of the possibilities, extending even to eternity, that 
tand in close connection, as to their coming or not coming 
nto effect, with the obstruction or permission of this or the 
)ther single event. This shows the propriety, I may rather 
ay, the necessity of ascribing infinite understanding to that 
lorious Being whose dominion ruleth over all. 

Mr. Chauncy, when he had gone through his school learn- 
ig, was thought worthy of being admitted a student of Trin- 
:y college in Cambridge, and in proper time to be honoured 
vith the degree of a Bachelor in Divinity. He was after- 
wards chosen into the Hebrew Professorship, but the Vice- 
chancellor, Doct. Williams, over ruled that choice in favour of 
ne that was his kinsman ; upon which he was placed in an- 
ther office equally honourable and important, that of a Profes- 
or of Greek. According to all accounts I have had of him, 
e was a thorough, accurate Hebrician, Grecian, and Latin- 


172 Life of President Chauncy, 

ist, and indeed well skilled in all the learned sciences ; though 
more especially in divinity, which was his favourite study. M CI 
He went from the University an eminent gospel minister ; p 
was first settled in the ministry at Marstow ; and afterwards 
removed to Ware, where his success in the conversion and W 
edification of souls was remarkably great. W 

It was in the days of that high church oppressor, archbish- P 
op Laud, that he so greatly suffered for his nonconformity to .to a 
the inventions of man in the worship of God. Says Rush- labie 
worth in his collections for the year 1629, " Mr. Charles p 
Chauncy, minister of Ware, using some expressions in his m 
sermon that idolatry was admitted into the church ; that the ofte 
preaching of the gospel would he suppressed ; that there is pel 
much atheism, popery, arminianism, and heresy crept into the |li 
church. And these being looked upon as designed to raise a fee 
fear among the people that some alteration in religion would 
ensue, he was questioned in the high commission, and by or- 
der of that court the cause was referred to the Bishop of Lon- |fc 
don, being his ordinary, who ordered him to make a submis- 
sion in Latin :" which he accordingly did, say Dr. Mather and 
Mr. Neal ; but they are both mistaken ; not to the thing itself, jp 
his openly making his submission ; but the prosecution in litj 
consequence of which he made it. He never recanted but 
once ; and this was to avoid the effects of another judgment, 
grounded on other allegations. Rushworth, for the year 1635, 
gives an account of his being again questioned by the high 
commission court, of his being suspended, fined, and impris- 
oned till he should openly acknowledge his offence, and of his 
now actually doing it. His words are these, " Mr. Chauncy, 
minister of Ware in Hertfordshire, for opposing the making a 
rail round the communion table in that parish church, as an iir 
innovation and snare to men's consciences, was brought into 
the high commission, and there pronounced guilty of con- 
tempt of Ecclesiastical government, and of raising a schism ; 
and was suspended from his ministry till he should make in 
open court a recantation in open form ; acknowledging his jjafe 
great offence, and protesting that he was persuaded in his con 
science that kneeling at the sacrament was a lawful and com 
mendable gesture ; that the rail set up in the chancel with a uri 
bench thereto annexed for kneeling at the holy communion, L 
wasadecentandconvenient ornament; and promising never by 




Life of President Chauncy. 1 73 

vord or deed to oppose either that or any other laudable rites 
r ceremony prescribed in the church of England. He is con- 
demned in great costs of suit, and was imprisoned till he paid 
he same, or performed the order of the court. Afterward, he 
tiade his recantation, and was dismissed with an admonition 
rom the Arch Bishop." His making an open recantation ill 
wurt, and in the form that had been prescribed, and in order 
jo a release from an adjudged penalty, was greatly dishonour- 
able, though the effect of great temptation. He never for- 
-ave himself this weakness and folly. The resentment of a 
lebuking conscience for such unworthy conduct made him 
ften uneasy to his dying day. I have by me a copy of the 
trefaee to his last Will, wherein he particularly mentions and 
aments, as "still fresh before him, his many sinful compli- 
ances with and conformity unto- vile human inventions, will- 
worship, superstition, and patcheries stitched into the service 
f the Lord, which the English mass-book, I mean the book 
If common prayer, and the ordination of Priests, &c. are 
ully fraught withal." Nor did he think this enough, but 
toes on giving it "in charge to his posterity, throughout all 
renerations," with the greatest warmth of zeal and solem- 
|ity of language, as they would answer for their conduct at 
he tribunal of Jesus Christ, " not to conform (as he had done) 
p rites and ceremonies in religious worship of man's devising, 
ind not of God's appointing." He was yet again made to feel 
he oppression of these infamous courts. Dr. Calamy's ac- 
ount, in his continuation of the history of ejected ministers, 
age 877, is this, " He was suspended and silenced by Bishop 
^aud/br refusing to read the book of sports" Neal observes 
he same thing, perhaps from this same writer. He adds, 
ill concurrence with both Dr. Calamy and Dr. Mather, that 
!'• there were but few that suffered more for non-conformity 
nan he, by fines, by gaols, by necessity to abscond, and at 
(kst by being an exile from his native country." 
i He left England the latter end of the year 1637, and arrived 
Ijafely at Plymouth a few days before the great Earthquake, 
xtending throughout New-England, which happened June 1, 
638. Mr. Hutchinson in his history, page 99, v. i. observes 
ji relation to this earthquake, that " the shake, by printed ac- 
ounts of it, and from manuscript letters, appears to have been 
qual to that in 1727; the pewter in many places being thrown 


174 Life of President Chauncy. 

off the shelves, and the tops of chimneys in some places M' ( 
shook down ; but the noise, though great, not so surprising asM 1 
that of the last mentioned. The course of it was from eastp 
to west. This was a remarkable sera. " So long after the i 
Earthquake," was as common with the people of New-Eng-((i(t 
land for many years, as it seems to have been heretofore with 
the children of Israel." He continued at Plymouth some 
time ministering to the church there with their pastor, the 
Rev. Mr. Reyner ; but upon a call from the church at Scitu-M 
ate to the pastoral charge over them, he went to that town, 
was separated to the work of the gospel there, and faithfully 
discharged it for about twelve years ; when upon an invitation 
from the people at Ware, in England, from whom he had been 
driven, he purposed a removal to them with his family. I 
have heard the Rev. Mr. Nehemiah Walter, of Roxbury, more 
than once say, he had seen a letter of his wherein his complaint 
to his friends was, that his necessities at Scituate were so fay 
great that he might with truth declare, " deest quidem panis." 
I suppose this was the reason of his leaving Scituate with a viewjocl 
to return back to England. But, when he came to Boston in 
order to take passage, the Overseers of Harvard college, not 
willing the country should suffer the loss of so valuable a man, 
on Nov. 2, 1654, deputed Messrs. Mather and Norton, in 
their names to offer him the Presidentship of that society; 
which he was prevailed upon to accept. His so doing waslci 
greatly to his worldly disadvantage. His support was shame- p 
fully scanty ; owing, not to inability in the province, but to the loci 
niggardly disposition of its representatives in general court, p 
And this same temper has been too much since greatly hurt-fiid 
ful to the interest of learning at the college. If the governors 
of this society had not entertained a high opinion of Mr. 
Chauncy's distinguishing qualifications for the Presidency 
over it, they would not have selected him to succeed Mr. Dun- 
ster, who resigned the office to avoid the danger of a removalijnd 
from it on account of the antipaedobaptistical principles to 
which he had professed himself a friend. Not thi:t Mr. 
Chauncy had any objections to make against the lawfulness or 
propriety of baptizing infants; but he agreed with Mr. Dun- 
ster as to the mode of baptism, which he thought ought to be 
rather by immersion than sprinkling. And he had, besides, a 
peculiarity as to the time of celebrating the Lord's Supper, 1 

which !ie 8 

Life of President Chauncy. 175 

ffhich he supposed should be in the evening. These are 
nquestionable facts, as will appear by the following extracts 
jrom the records of Harvard college. 

I "At a meeting of the Honourable and Reverend Overseers 
if the college, 2. 9. 1654. Mr. Mather and Mr. Norton 
pere desired, by the overseers of the college, to tender unto 
tie Rev. Mr. Charles Chauncy the place of President, with 
ne stipend of one hundred pounds per annum, to be paid 
Jut of the country treasury ; and withal to signify to him, 
hat it is expected and desired that he forbear to disseminate 
jr publish any tenets concerning immersion in baptism, and 
hlebration of the Lord's supper at evening, or to expose the 
teceived doctrine therein." 

j He made no difficulty in complying with this desire, and 
pas ever punctual in the regardhe paid to it. His inaugura- 
lon to the office of president was solemnized Nov. 27, 1654. 
lays Dr. Mather, " he concluded his excellent oration, made 
nto a venerable assembly then filling the college hall, with 
luch a passage as this to the students there ; " Doctiorem 
jerte PrEesidem, et huic oneri et stationi, multis modis aptio- 
pm, vobis facile licet invenire ; sed amantiorem, et vestri 
pni studiosiorem non invenietis." He continued in the 
fresidentship from this time to the day of his death, with 
lonour to himself, and no small advantage to the college. 
i considerable number of the best characters in the country 
l^ere educated under his oversight, and graduated by him ; 
|uch as Mr. Gershom Bulkley, Dr. Increase Mather, Mr. 
lamuel Willard, Mr. Solomon Stoddard, Gov. Dudley, 
•udge Sevvall, father of the present Doct. Sewall, and 
thers of note both in church and state. 

In the year 1671, finding himself almost worn out, he 
hade his farewel oration to the college on the day of the 
jommencement, wherein he solemnly took leave of his friends, 
|nd towards the close of this year,* Feb. 19th he exchanged 
pis life for a better, in the 82d year of his age, and 17th of 
lis Presidentship over Harvard college. 

The epitaph, which I have often seen, and may now be 
Ipadt on his tombstone in Cambridge burial place, is in these 
words : Conditum 

H * The year at that time commenced in March. Edit. 

I t " Darnnosa quid non imminuit dies?" The monumental stone of 

President Chauncy is broken in pieces, and the entire inscription is no 

176 Life of President Chauncy. 


hie est corpus 


S. S. Theologiae Baccalaurei 


Collegii Harvardini Nov-Anglia 

per XVII annorum spatium 

Praesidis vigilantissimi, 

viri plane integerrimi, 

Concionatoris eximii, 


pariter ac liberali eruditione 


Qui obiit in Domino Feb. XIX 

anno Domini MDCLXXI. 

et iEtatis sua? LXXXII. 

Doct. Increase Mather, in one of his orations at the Com- 
mencement, while President of the college, gives him sum-! 11 " 
marily this character : " Clarissimus ille Chauncseus, quern ' 
Carolum magnum, jure optimo nominare possumus ; fuit J rsl 
ille senex venerandus, linguarum et artium prsesidiis instruc- p, 
tissimus, Gymnasiarcha prseclare doctus ; qui in filiis prophe- P 
tarum erudiendis fidelem navavit operam, omnemque dili-jp 
gentiam adhibuit. Abitus et obitus tanti viri, collegium 
quasi truncatum, et tantum non execatum reliquerunt." p 
You may see him largely characterized by Dr. Cotton 
Mather in his Magnalia Americana.* 1 have omitted men- 
tioning many things you will find recorded by him, and 
some it is more proper you should read as written by him, 
than by one in the relation I bear towards him. 

He left behind him six sons and one daughter. His sons 
were all graduated at Harvard college, f and I believe had 




longer legible. See Coll. Hist. Soc. vii. 46. By preserving the Epitaph 
we would not encourage a neglect of the Monument, the place of which 
the next generation may be unable to ascertain. Let not Christians forget 
the example of pious ./Eneas : t 

11 Ergo instauramus Polydoro funus, et ingens 

Aggeritur tumulo tellus." Edit. 

* Book III. chnp. xxiii. Edit. 

f Isaac and Ichabod, 1651; Barnabas, 1657; Nathan, Elnathan, and 
Israel, 1661. 


Life of President Chauncy. 177 

their education there likewise, and most of them while their 
father was at the head of this academy. 

His two eldest sons, Isaac and Ichabod, soon left this coun- 
ry and went to England, in the capacity of physicians and 
inisters. Isaac from whom I descended (his son Charles 
coming over to New-England when a young man, and set- 
tling here) was first a minister at Woodborough. Doct. 
palamy reckons him among the ejected ministers, in conse- 
quence of the barbarous acts of Parliament in the reign of 
Charles II. ; and says, " he was well known afterwards in 
London," and speaks of him as " a zealous writer against 
Neonomianism." He was pastor of the church in London 
|)f which Dr. Owen had before him been pastor, and Dr. 
Isaac Watts afterwards. Dr. Watts, while Mr., was for a 
considerable time his assistant*. As he grew into years he 
Quitted his pastorate, and confined himself to the practice of 
ohysick to which he had all along in life been accustomed. 
He was too rigidly orthodox, and too zealous in the defence 
bf his principles upon this head.* 

Ichabod was a practitioner in physick at Bristol ; though he 
irst preached in England, and could have settled in the min- 
istry, had it not been for the difficulties in that day in point of 
conscience. Dr. Calamy says of him, in his account of the 
[ ufferers after the restoration, " He was chaplain to Sir Ed- 
ward Harley's regiment at Dunkirk when the Uniformity act 
jjook place. He afterwards became a physician in Bristol, and 
-.jvas of good note. He was prosecuted on the 35th Elizabeth, 
"jjnd upon that act suffered banishment. In 1684 he was corn- 
jelled to abjure the realm, and removed himself and his family 
•jnto Holland ; but upon king James's liberty he returned to 
ijJristol in 1686, and there he died July 25, 1691." He wrote 
imself an account of his sufferings in a small pamphlet, enti- 

* He had the degree of Doctor in Medicine. After being ejected from 
e living of Woodborough, Wilts, by the act of Uniformity, 1662, he 
as for some time pastor to a Congregational church at Andover. Quit- 
ling this place he went to London to act as a physician. On the death of 
r. Clarkson, Dr. Owen's successor, he was chosen pastor of the society 
hich those great men had served; and continued among them 14 years, 
hen, finding that the congregation declined, resisting all entreaties 
the contrary, he quitted the ministry. He died February 28, 1712. 

DIT. (I 

VOL. X. Z 

178 Life of President Chauncy. 

tied " Innocence vindicated, by an impartial narrative of the 
proceedings of the court of sessions in Bristol against Ichabod 
Chauncy, &c." 

The president's third son, Barnabas, died in middle age 
an immature death. 

His fourth son, Nathaniel, was for some time pastor of 
the church in Windsor, Connecticut ; but afterwards removed 
to Hatfield in this province upon their choosing him for their 
minister, and here he spent the rest of his days. Mr. Chauncy 
of Durham was his son, and Mrs. Whittlesey of Wallingford 
his daughter. 

Elnathan, his fifth son, (these two last were twins) lived 
here in Boston, a noted doctor for some time, and then went 
to Barbadoes where he soon died. He left no children, but 
his widow was alive since my settlement in the ministry. I 
have seen and conversed with her. 

Israel, his youngest son, you have doubtless often heard of. 
He was long the pastor of the church at Stratford, Connecti- 1 
cut. He spent his days among that people in great reputa-J 
tion, as I have heard, as a physician as well as divine. Mrs 
Whittlesey, who lived at his house when she was a young [7 
woman, once told me he was one of the most benevolent, 
hospitable gentlemen she ever knew. 

As to the works of president Chauncy, I know of none that * 
were printed, save only a sermon on the advantage of schools 1 5 
for learning, and 26 sermons on Justification in a 4to volume, 
both printed in Cambridge.* The 26 sermons I once saw in 
some house upon the road as I was journeying, but had no op- 
portunity to read them. I have since made great inquiry for 
this volume in the family and elsewhere, but to no purpose. I 
could never after get so much as the sight of it. I have by 
me his sermon preached in the College Hall the day after the 
commencement in 1655, from Amos ii. 11. Its design is to 
represent the advantages of learning, and to answer some ob- 
jections that had been made against schools and colleges for |"J 
the promotion of it. He takes occasion in this sermon to bring 
in students and ministers, pleading for long hair from the ob- 
ligation the Nazarites were under not to suffer a razor to come 


*"This volume of 26 sermons, printed in London, 1659 (says Dr. 
Stiles), I am possessed of, having obtained it out of the library of the late 
Rev. Eliphalet Adams of New-London." Edit. 




lis !l 

Life of President Chauncy. 179 

upon their heads ; and rejects their plea with the utmost detes- 
tation, representing the wearing of long hair as abominable in 
the sight of God, an heathenish practice, and one of the crying 
isins of the land. 'Tis strange, men of learning, real good 
isense, and solid judgement, should be able to expend so much 
Izeal against a trifle, not to say a thing absolutely indifferent 
in its own nature. But the greatest as well as best men in 
■this country, in that day, magistrates as well as ministers, 
jesteemed the wearing of long hair an enormous vice, and 
jmost solemnly testified against it as such. 

As I am the eldest son of Charles, the eldest son of Isaac, 
jwho was the eldest son of president Chauncy, I thought his pa- 
pers properly belonged to me. Accordingly, after I was set- 
tled in the ministry, I was at considerable pains to recover 
jthem. I could not, for many years, find out which of his sons 
took possession of them upon his death. At length Mr. 
Chauncy of Durham informed me they were put into the 
pands of his father, the old gentleman's eldest son then living 
n this country, who kept them as a valuable treasure during 
ihis life ; but, upon his death, his children being all under age, 
(hey were unhappily suffered to continue in the possession of 
his widow and their mother. She married sometime after a 
North-Hampton Deacon, who principally got his living by 
tiaking and selling pies. Behold now the fate of all the good 
(president's writings of every kind ! They were put to the 
bottom of pies, and in this way brought to utter destruction. 
1 was greatly moved to hear this account of them ; and it has 
Jpvetted in my mind a determination to order all my papers, 
jlpon my decease, to be burnt, excepting such as I might men- 
tion by name for deliverance from the catastrophe ; though I 
< ave not as yet excepted any, nor do I know that I shall. 
I I intended to have been particular in speaking of his learning, 
lis improvement of time, his hard study, and above all his em- 
inent piety. But it would have been needless, as you will 
llnd all that I could have said upon these heads in Dr. Mather's 
jccount of him. 

I shall only say farther ; In the preface to his last will, I 

lentioned before, he gave it as his dying charge to his chil- 

en, and their posterity after them, to keep constantly by them 

r their serious reading and help in godly living, " The di- 

iction for a holy life," left by Robert Eyru, Esq., his wife's 


180 Memoirs of Edward Tyng, Esq. 

father, as a legacy to his children. This was left in manuscript 
only, but was afterwards- printed. Dr. Cotton Mather says 
of these directions, " as they express the true spirit of Puri- 
tanism, so they comprise the wisest, the fullest, the exactest, 
and the holiest rules of living that I ever saw together in 
any short human composure ; and the reprinting of them would 
not only give a description of the heavenly conversation en- 
deavoured by our great Charles Chauncy, whom we have 
hitherto been considering, but also procure the admiration, if 
not imitation, of them that read it." I was scarce ever so de- 
sirous of seeing any little book, as this, that comes so recom- 
mended to perusal ; and my pains to procure the sight of it 
have been proportionable : but to no purpose. I could never 
hear of the book. 5 Tis strange it should be so soon quite lost 
out of the world, as seems to be the case. Not one of the 
family, in any branch of it, that has been in being for 40 
years back, ever so much as heard there was such a book in 
the country. I intend, by Mr. Mather's leave, to be at the 
trouble of turning over his pamphlet rubbish, if perhaps I may 
yet recover it. His father had certainly read it, and most 
probably was the owner of it. 


Memoirs of Edward Tyng, Esquire. By Rev. Timothy 

Alden, Jun. 

WILLIAM and Edward Tyng, two brothers, came to 
New-England about the year 1630. The former, who 
spent his life at Braintree, in Massachusetts, left no posterity. 
Edward married his first wife, Miss Sears, in England, a 
lady of remarkable piety. She died at Boston, probably, soon 
after her arrival. He removed to Dunstable, where, in De- 
cember, 1681, he ended his days, having reached his ninety- 
first year. His second wife, Mary, of what family originally 
is unknown, by whom he had all his children, survived him till 
about the beginning of the last century. His son, Jonathan, 
who was born in 1642, was an ancestor of the late honourable 
John Tyng,* esquire. His second son, Edward, married a 

daughterl F 

* Colonel John Tyng, first justice of the court of common pleas in 
the county of Middlesex, died 18 April, 1797, about 94 years of age 

Memoirs of Edward Tyng, Esq. 181 

daughter of ensign Thaddeus Clarke,* of Falmouth, now 
Portland. One of his daughters, Eunice, was the wife of 
Rev. Samuel Willard, vice-president of Harvard college. 
The honourable Joseph Dudley, esquire, governor of Massa- 
chusetts, married a second, Habijah Savage a third, and 

Searle a fourth. 

The second Edward Tjng had four children. 1. Edward, 
t the principal subject of these memoirs. 2. Jonathan, who 
died at an early age. 3. Mary, whom Rev. John Fox,t of 
'Woburn, married. 4. Elizabeth, who was the wife of a 
brother to the late doctor Franklin. 

He was appointed governour of Annapolis, and was taken, 
rd on his passage to that place, and carried into France, where 
:s! he died. 

The last mentioned Edward, grandson of the first, after the 
vj decease of his father, resided in the family of his aunt Dudley, till 
; i bf age sufficient for entering on a seafaring life. His first con- 
thi sort, who died in London, was a daughter of captain Cyprian 
h iSouthack. In 1731, at the age of almost fifty, he married Ann 
y. Waldo, J a daughter of Jonathan Waldo, a merchant in Bos- 
ton. By her he had seven children. Three only of these 
flived to maturity of years. 1. Ann, who died in November, 
1756, a month after her marriage with a British officer. 2. 
~ Edward, an officer in the British army, who deceased a bach- 
- EI elor, in England, 1776. 3. The present colonel William Tyng 
of Gorham. He is the only descendant from the first Ed- 
ward, who, by birth, is entitled to the name of Tyng. 

The subject of these memoirs received a commission from 
governour Belcher, dated 16 April, 1740, appointing him cap- 
tain of his majesty's south and north batteries and for- 
tifications IN BOSTON. 

When captain Cyprian Southack resigned the command of 



and lies in a tomb, erected in the spacious walk of his garden, at Tyngs- 

* Clarke was from Ireland, and was one of the original proprietors of 
Falmouth. Clarke's Point, so called, was a part of his possessions in Port- 

t Rev. John Fox, son of his predecessor at Woburn, the Rev. Jabez 
Fox, a descendant, according to family tradition, from John Fox, the mar- 
tyrologist, died 12 December, 1756, set. 79. His wife survived him eight 
; or ten years. 

| Sister of the late brigadier Samuel Waldo. She died in 1754. 

1 82 Memoirs of Edward Tyng, Esq. 

the PROVINCE SNOW, or queen's galley, prince of orange 
captain Tyng, who had left the sea and was settled in mer- 
chandise, was prevailed on to succeed him. 

In 1744, he acquired no small honour by attacking and cap- 
turing a French privateer, commanded by Monsieur De La 
Bra, of force superiour to that of the Prince of Orange, 
number of the merchants of Boston, in testimony of this 
meritorious exploit, presented him with a silver cup, now 
in possession of his son, weighing about one hundred ounces 
with this inscription : 


















As soon as the general court of Massachusetts had deter 
mined on the bold project of attempting the reduction of Lou-r 
isbourg, governour Shirley sent for captain Tyng, and directed 
him to procure the largest ship in his power. He, accordingly, f 
purchased one on the stocks, which was nearly ready forf 
launching, and made such improvements upon her that she ft 
was able to carry twenty-four, or twenty-six guns. She was P 
named the Massachusetts frigate. Tyng took the com-| 
mand of her and was appointed commodore of the fleet. 
Captain Rouse, in a bylander or small brigantine, was the 
second in command. 

When sir Peter Warren formed a junction with the provin- f| 
cial naval forces, he became commander in chief of course ; 1 
but, in general orders, he directed that Tyng should be obey- P 
ed, as commodore. p 

On the night of the 18 of May, 1745, the Vigilant, a J 
French man of war, of sixty-four guns, having been decoyed |!| 

Memoirs of William Tyng, Esq. 183 

>y the Mermaid and hectored by several small vessels, fell in 
vith the Massachusetts. The Vigilant struck to the latter, 
laving mistaken her for a much larger ship, greatly to the 
dvantage and encouragement of all employed in this haz- 
rdous expedition. 

Warren offered Tyng the command of this valuable prize, 
vith the rank of post captain. He was considerably ad- 
anced in life, and being determined to remain on shore, un- 
ortunately for his family, refused the honour and recom- 
mended Rouse to sir Peter, who, accordingly, gave him the 

This statement has been made, partly, with a view to do 
hat justice, which our historians have usually withholden, be- 
towing their commendations upon Rouse, to the injury of 

brave and deserving naval officer. From some source or 
ther, it not unfrequently happens that merit is passed by in 
eglect. Sic — : — alter tulit honores. 

The subject of these memoirs was born in 1683, and, 
aving laboured under the effects of a paralytick shock for 
even years, died, at Boston, on the 8 of September, 1755. 

P. S. In connection with the foregoing, it may not be im- 
roper to add the subsequent extract of an inscription, which 
as, not long since, copied from a monumental stone in the 

mily burial yard at Tyngsborough. 

" In memory of Sarah Winslow, the last surviving child of 
le late Eleazer Tyng, and the truly benevolent benefactress 


lace, in honour of whose name and family this town is call- 
d Tyngsborough." 

Portsmouth, 13 February, 1806. 

Rev. John Eliot, D. D. Cor. Sec. Mass. Hist. Soc. 

Memoirs of Hon. William Tyng, Esq. By Rev. 
Timothy Alden, Jun. 

F1HE subject of these memoirs, whose name was mention- 
j_ ed in the foregoing article, was born in Boston, 17 Au- 
ust, 1737, and was a regular descendant from Edward Tyng, 
~sq. who died at Dunstable, in 1681. 

His grandfather was Hon. Edward Tyng, Esq. who was 
ppointed governour of Annapolis and died in France. 


184 Memoirs of William Tyng, Esq. 

His father was the late gallant commodore Tyng, of whom 
a particular account has already been given. 

The late Hon. William Tyng, Esq. spent the most of his 
youthful days in his native town. Having been educated in 
a true system of moral and social principles, he soon discover- 
ed those qualities of mind, which endeared him to all. Dig- 
nity of deportment, undeviating integrity, and an ardent 
desire to ameliorate the condition of the unfortunate, were 
the characteristicks of his juvenile age. 

In 1767, he was appointed high sheriff of the county of j an( 
Cumberland, and, the same year, became a resident in Fal- 
mouth, now Portland. In discharging the duties of this re- 
sponsible station, he was distinguished for his fidelity, correct- 
ness, and humanity. For several years, he represented the 
town in general court. 

In 1769, he married Miss Elizabeth Ross, a native of Scot- 
land, and daughter of Alexander Ross, Esq. 

In 1774, he received a colonel's commission from govern- 
our Gage. He sustained these publick honours until that 
memorable event, which terminated in the independence of 
the United States. 

Being strongly attached to those principles of government, 
in which he had been educated, having taken the oath of alle- 
giance, and invested with the confidence of his sovereign, he 
believed it a sacred duty not to engage in the struggle, which 
then arose. The extreme jealousies, which were excited inL 
those perilous times, towards all, who were not actively engag- 
ed in the arduous contest, rendered it necessary for him to 
quit his domestick retreat. Accordingly, he left the county 
of Cumberland soon after the battle of Lexington, and, when 
the English took possession of New-York, repaired thither. 

However justly we may complain of the part, which many 
refugees acted ; yet, we see a particular providence in 
placing colonel Tyng in this situation, where he became 
the minister of relief to those of his countrymen, who fell 
into the hands of the enemy. Here he had opportunity to be 
eminently useful. He gave full scope to the feelings of his 
benevolent heart. Like the affectionate Joseph of old, he 
sought his afflicted brethren ; extricated them, when in diffi- 
culty ; nourished them from his own resources ; and, as often 
as possible, procured their release. 



Memoirs of William Tyng, Esq. 185 

Among the numerous captives, whose lives were preserved, 
through his instrumentality, was the late brave commodore 
Preble, who, having passed through a very dangerous fever, 
in which he experienced every tender attention, which could 
conduce to his recovery, received his discharge, and was re- 
stored to his friends. To colonel Tyng, under Providence, 
this country is indebted for the life of one, whose heroick 
achievements will never be forgotten. 

At the close of the American revolution, he left New-York 
and settled in Nova-Scotia, river St. John, which soon after 
became a distinct province, under the name of New-Bruns- 

He was one of the agents for the settlement of the loyal- 
ists in that province. He w 7 as also chief justice of a court 
of judicature, in which capacity he was respected as a digni- 
fied and humane judge. 

In 1793, he returned to this country and settled in Gorham, 

here he had formerly resided, and where he devoted the 
emainder of his life, principally, to the pursuits of agricul- 
tural knowledge and the enjoyment of social intercourse with 
fis friends. 
To the amiable companion of his life he was peculiarly 
ttached. Although he had no posterity, he regarded, with 
the most affectionate tenderness, the children of his adoption. 

He early united himself to the church of Christ, and adorn- 
ed his profession, by a deportment of sincere humility, in at- 
tending to its duties, constantly devoting a part of every 
day to secret communion with his God. 

Possessing an enlightened understanding, agreeable in his 
manners, and engaging in his conversation, he was highly 
respected, beloved, and esteemed. The friend, who visited 
his happy mansion, was sure to receive a cordial welcome. 
The unfortunate were never sent away empty. He was 
another " man of ross." 

Sometime previous to his death, he felt symptoms of a 
nervous affection, which admonished him that his exit would 
be sudden. Like a wise man, he improved the warning, by 
duly preparing for his departure. On the evening of the 
leighth of December, 1807, he was seized with an apoplexy, 
and, on the tenth, surrounded by his afflicted family, yielded 
up his life, apparently without a struggle or a pang. 

VOL. X. A a HlS 

186 Anecdote of Rev. John Eliot. 


His remains were carried into Saint Paul's church, Port- 
land, an edifice erected- under his immediate patronage, 
where the service was performed, to which he had ever 
expressed the most affectionate attachment. The brethren 
of Ancient Land Mark Lodge, over whom he had recently 
presided, attended, clad in full mourning, and, in an impres- 
sive manner, performed their funeral rites.* 

Boston, 3 March, 1808. 

Rev. John Eliot, D. D. Cor. Sec. Mass. Hist. Society. 

Anecdote of Eev. John Eliot, of Roxbury. 

BOSTOJV, llth FEB. 1808. 
Rev. John Eliot, D D. 

Cor. Sec. of the M. H. Society. 


IT was with much pleasure I read the account of the Rev. 
John Eliot, formerly minister of Roxbury, as published 
by your Society ; and in return for that gratification, I send 
you an anecdote of that eminent man, which I received years 
ago from my parents, natives of Roxbury, and which I 
believe is authentick. 

So great was Mr. Eliot's charity, that his salary was often 
distributed for the relief of his needy neighbours, so soon af- 
ter the period at which he received it, that before another peri- 
od arrived his own family were straitened for the comforts of 
life. One day the parish treasurer on paying the money for 
salary due, which he put into a handkerchief, in order to pre- 
vent Mr. Eliot from giving away his money before he got 
home, tied the ends of the handkerchief in as many hard knots 
as he could. The good man received his handkerchief, and 
took leave of the treasurer. He immediately went to the house 
of a sick and necessitous family. On entering, he gave them 
his blessing, and told them God had sent them some relief. 
The sufferers with tears of gratitude welcomed their pious 
benefactor, who with moistened eyes began to untie the knots 
in his handkerchief. After many efforts to get at his money, 


* The memoirs of col. William Tyng have been drawn from a respect- 
able source, through the aid of a friend, whose language has been freely 

Author of Feudal and Canon Law, 1 87 

and impatient at the perplexity and delay, he gave the hand- 
kerchief and all the money to the mother of the family, say- 
ing with a trembling accent: " Here, my dear, take it; I 
believe the Lord designs it all for vou." 

I am, Sir, your obedient servant, J. M. 

I Grant 'made to Rev. William Hubbard for writing 

his History. 

See page 35 of this volume. 

1682, Oct. llth. W HEREAS u . hatl \ bee ." tho Ǥ h t 

f f necessary and a duty incumbent 

Cpon us, to take due notice of all occurrences and passages 
f God's providence towards the people of this jurisdiction, 
.since their first arrival in these parts, which may remain to 
(posterity, and that the Rev. Mr. William Hubbard hath taken 
.pains to compile a history of this nature, which the court 
doth with thankfulness acknowledge, and as a manifestation 
thereof, do hereby order the Treasurer to pay unto him the 
sum of fifty pounds in money, he transcribing it fairly into a 
book, that it may be the more easily perused, in order to the 
^satisfaction of this Court. [Copied from Massachusetts 
[polony records for the year 1682, folio 378.] 

ijauthor of an essay on feudal and canon law. 
Extract of a Letter from Rev. Dr. Chauncy, of 
Boston, to Rev. Dr. Stiles, dated " Boston, Dec. 
12, 1768." 

I WAS surprised that Mr. Hollis (who promoted the printing 
"the true sentiments of America") should with so much 
tfreedom make Mr. Gridley the author of the " Feudal and 
Canon Law." I suppose he had his information from some 
friend here, who positively affirmed what he guessed to be 
(the truth. Any one who knew Mr. Gridley, must at once 
i*now he was not the writer of that piece. Neither senti- 
ments, stile, or manner, in any measure, agree to him. 
Upon seeing this work so particularly ascribed to Mr. Gridley, 
(i was led to be more inquisitive about the true author than 
I otherwise should have been. And 1 can inform you, that 
Mr. Adams, the Lawyer, a native of Braintree, and now a 
practitioner in Boston, was the real author. He is but a 


188 Memoir of Rev. Andrew Eliot. 

young man ; not above thirty-three or four ; but of incompara- 
ble sense ; a true son of Liberty, and as well able to write or,, 
talk upon it as any one I am acquainted with. I esteem that h 
piece one of the best that has been written. It has done I 01111 
honour to its author ; and it is a pity, but he should be known." 

Bills of Mortality for Middleborough. Communi 
cated by Mr. Isaac Thomson. 

.D. 1805 

Persons. Years of age 


4 between 80 and 90 

1 about 70 

3 between 60 and 70 

4 between 50 and 60 

2 between 40 and 50 

6 children 


See vol. 

viii. 79, and ix. 235. 

A.D. 1806. Persons. Years of age. i 
Died 6 upwards of 70 

3 between 50 and 70 

5 between 40 and 50 
9 between 20 and 40 

6 under 20 

29 evo 



— lan 

Memoir of Bev. Andrew Eliot, a Corresponding |te 
Member of the Historical Society. 

ANDREW ELIOT, A. M. minister of Fairfield, in 
Connecticut, was educated at Harvard College, and 
received the honours of that seminary, A. D. 1762. 

He was soon after appointed to the office of Butler, and] 
with that office was connected the care of the Library and 
Museum. In the winter of 1764 the old College was burnt ; ^ 
and scarcely any part of the library, or curiosities was saved, ] P e 
Mr. Eliot lost all his property in the building. 

When the new edifice was planned by governour Barnard, 
distinct rooms were designed for the library room, the muse- 
um, apparatus, &c. and the government of the college made 
a new arrangement. The Butler was no longer to have the f ls 
care of the library, but a new officer was appointed, who 
should be Librarian with every privilege of a Tutor. Mr. 
Eliot is the first in the College catalogue, to whom Bibliothe- 
carius is affixed. 

At the commencement of 1768 he was appointed a Tutor, 
and Fellow, A. D. 1773, upon the resignation of Mr. Wil- 
lard. He continued in the tutorship and corporation, until 
he was ordained pastor of the church in Fairfield, A. D. 1774.M 
There he remained a useful, worthy minister until his deathjf) 


Memoir of Rev. Andrew Eliot. 189 

During the revolutionary contest, this town was exposed to 
)nstant danger from the British ships of war, which passed 
le Sound ; they frequently landed from their boats, doing 
>me injury to the places that were defenceless. In the sum- 
ler of 1779, Gen. Tryon landed with an army and burned 
te town of Fairfield. He ordered several nouses to be 
arked for preservation, and among them Mr. Eliot's ; but 
lis by some accident was consumed, and the owner lost a 
rge, and well chosen library with all his furniture, at a time 
hen the people of his charge could only sympathise with 
m ; some of them having lost their all, and others, who 
vned their estates, had only the land without their houses, 
he inhabitants of Boston, always alive to generous purposes, 
id active in their proceedings, as well as warm in their be- 
volence, showed their kindness* to Mr. Eliot upon this oc- 
ision. A publick contribution was made in the new north 
lurch, of which he had been a member, and his father for 
any years pastor. The pulpit was then vacant, and the 
te Dr. Simeon Howard of the west church preached a ser- 
on, very appropriate and excellent, from these words : " It 
more blessed to give than receive." 

Mr. Eliot was a member of the Connecticut Society of 
rts and Sciences, and was chosen a corresponding member 
the Massachusetts Historical Society, A. D. 1798. He 
ed October 26, 1805, in the sixty-second year of his age, 
d thirty-second of his ministry. The following character* 
peared in the newspapers of New-Haven. 
" In Mr. Eliot the bereaved flock have lost a judicious, af- 
tionate, and faithful pastor, to whom God had given the 
irit of fortitude, love, and a sound mind ; who attended 
ntinually on his ministry unentangled with the things of 
is life. The steady affection and esteem, the deserved es- 
nation in which he was ever held by his brethren in the 
nistry, and his acceptance in the churches, are honourable 
itimonies to his worth. Candour and unaffected piety, with 
e wisdom which dwells with prudence, were distinguishing 
rts of his character. His acquaintance with general sci- 
ce, urbanity, friendly and social affections, conciliated the 
teem of all ranks. His widow bewails an affectionate hus- 
nd ; and six children, one son, (a candidate for the minis- 
.!, r ) and five daughters, lament an excellent parent." e 
* By Rev. Dr. Dana, of New-Haven. 


190 Memoir of Mr. Thomas Pemberton. 

Memoir of Mr. Thomas Pemberton, a Member of th 
Historical Society. 

MR. Pemberton was a native of Boston. He descende 
from those of his name, mentioned in Prince's Chrc 
nology, A. D. 1632, among the freemen and first settlers c 
Massachusetts, and members of the first church in the towr 
Two of the family were famous among the divines of New 
England. The first was pastor of the Old South Churcl 
and died A. D. 1717 ; the other was minister of the fin 
Presbyterian Church in New-York, afterwards pastor of th 
New Brick Church in Boston, and died A. D. 1777. 

Mr. Thomas Pemberton was born A. D. 1728. His ed 
ucation was liberal, though not collegiate. For many year 
he pursued the mercantile employment ; and was an excellen 
accountant, equally remarkable for his penmanship, diligence 
accuracy, punctuality, and close attention to the most minut 
concerns of business. From early life he was fond of book* 
and was so critical in his researches into the history of forme 
times, as to gain the character of an Antiquary, a name mar 
honourable than honoured ; and a character which may hi 
rendered useful to all social institutions, however lightly es 
teemed by modern wits, or certain " marmosets of literature, 
in the language of Bishop Tailor, who make the most vivi 
appearance in polished times. 

He possessed an extensive knowledge of historical facts 
and was never better entertained than when investigatin 
and recording the interesting particulars of the first settle 
ment and early history of Massachusetts. His MS. Memc 
randa, Historical, and Biographical, make about fifteen vo 
times ; and are evidences of his diligence, and attachmer 
to literary pursuits. His friends solicited him to publish 
volume of American Annals ; but his diffidence prevente 
him from complying. He furnished many articles for th 
periodical works published in his native town, and contribute 
almost a ninth part to the Collections of the Historical Sc 
ciety, of which he was a very useful member. To this sc 
ciety he bequeathed all his Manuscripts. Many of it 
members followed him to the grave ; and all of them will re 
member with gratitude his donations and his labours. 

He had prepared a " Massachusetts Chronology of tr 


List of Members. 191 

XVIIIth Century ;" containing the remarkable events of ev- 
H jery year; biographical notices of eminent men. topographi- 
cal delineations, accounts of the settlements of towns, and 
ejthe ordination of ministers, particulars of the weather, preva- 
lent diseases, &c. comprised in five MS. volumes. The lat- 
ter part of his life was diligently employed in finishing this 
T^last favourite work. 

ewj He was a firm and steady patriot, seeking the true inter- 
ests of freedom and humanity ; and a friend to social order, 
:r|aw, and government. His attachment to his country was 
^{manifested during the nation's prosperity, and through ca- 
lamitous times. 
ed| He was a man of artless manners. He lived a bachelor 
rirjin literary solitude, devoting regularly each day certain hours 
dto his studies, and to visiting his friends. As a companion, 
yme was facetious, inquisitive, entertaining and instructive. 
utj In his youth he was distinguished among his acquaintance 
dor poetick talents, and had a peculiar turn for epigram. He 
^frequently repeated some that were elegant and pungent, 
-#vhich he declined printing or circulating. One of his most 
. bjpleasant topicks of conversation was the account of men 
e$vhom he formerly knew, or anecdotes of his contemporaries. 
eJThe poems of T. Kilby and J. Green, and other Boston wits, 
riyjjie would recite with much humour to the last week of his 
life. His hours, though solitary, were never melancholy. 
3 |His early habits were seen in his declining years. Unless 
.qI friend came in, his mind was certainly employed in recol- 
, le ection of past scenes, or in arrangements for succeeding days. 
Lm He died, after a short illness, July 5, 1807. The income 
|)f his estate, which was increasing in later years by the de- 
mise of a near relation, he devoted to useful purposes; and 
; q py his Will he left the principal in legacies, which do honour 
: e :o his benevolence. h c 

1 4 — 


• 50 lev. Jonathan Homer, of Newton. 
Hev. John Allyn, of Duxbury. 

ftfaiphalet Pearson, LL. D. late Professor of the Oriental Languages, 
! in Harvard University. 
i til Marston Watson, Esq. of Boston. 
Vlllt William 

192 List of Members. 

William Sullivan, Esq. of Boston. 

John Adams, LL. D. late President of the United States. 

Hon. Caleb Strong, Esq. late Governour of the Commonwealth. 

Thomas Lindall Winthrop, Esq. of Boston. 

John Langdon Sullivan, Esq. of Boston. 

Rev. Zephaniah Willis, of Kingston. 

Rev. William Emerson, of Boston. 

Rev. John Snelling Popkin, of Newbury. 

Charles Bulfinch, Esq. of Boston. 

Hon. John Quincy Adams, Esq. Senator of the United Slates. 

Mr. Stephen Higginson, jun. of Boston. 

Rev. Peter Whitney, of Northborough. 

Mr. Obadiah Rich, of Boston. 

William Smith Shaw, Esq. of Boston. 


Dr. Benjamin De Witt, of Albany. 

Caspar Wistar, M. D. of Philadelphia. 

Rev. Samuel Miller, D. D. of New York. 

Mr. Thomas Pieronnet. 

*Rev. Arthur Homer, D. D. of the University of Cambridge, Gre 

Hon. Theodore Foster, Esq. of Providence. 
Rev. Thomas Hall, Chaplain of the British Factory at Leghorn. 
Rev. Timothy Alden, of Portsmouth. 
John Newman, M. D. of Salisbury, North-Carolina. 
Rev. Ezra Samson, of Hudson. 
John Vaughan, Esq. of Philadelphia. 
William Barton, Esq. of Lancaster, Pennsylvania. 
*Mr. Ebenezer Grant Marsh, Tutor of Yale College. 
Richard Watson, D. D. Lord Bishop of Llandaff. 
Anthony Fothergill, M. D. of Bath, England. 
William Johnson, Esq. of New-York. 

Charles Mary Wentworth, Esq. of Halifax, Nova-Scotia. ton 

Robert Anderson, M. D. of Edinburgh. ;JJ 

Samuel Eddy, Esq. of Providence. 

General Vallancey, Vice-President of the Dublin Society. 
Hon. William Plummer, Esq. of Epping, New-Hampshire. 
Hon. John Wheelock, LL. D. President of Dartmouth College. 
Jonathan Williams, Lieut. Colonel of Engineers. 





General Table of Contents. 



K Papers relating particu- 
larly to the Society. 

J-NTRODUCTOE.Y Address, explain- 
ing the objects of the Society, and 
giving an account of several histories 
5f Massachusetts, both printed and in 
manuscript, i. 2. 

2. First Constitution of the Society. 

3. First Circular Letter, specifying 
jarticles on which the Society request 
^Information, ii. 1. 

4. The Act of Incorporation of the 
Massachusetts Historical Society, iv. 1. 

5. Laws of the Society, iv. 2. 

6. Second Circular Letter, iv. 5. 

7. Articles on which the Society 
equest information, iv. 6. 

List of the members, v. 291. 
■ 191. 


I. Historical Papers, in chro- 
nological ORDER. 

9. A Poem in Latin of Stephen 
armenius of Buda, in celebration of 
ae voyage of Sir Humphrey Gilbert, 
.ndertaken for the purpose of conduct- 
ig a colony to the new world ; with an 
English translation, 1583. ix. 53. 

10. Mourt's Relation or Journal of 
plantation settled at Plymouth in 

few England, and proceedings thereof, 
rom Nov. 1620, to June, 1621. viii. 203. 

11. Edward Wmslow's Relation of 
lings remarkable in Plymouth, from 
an. 1622, to Sep. 1623. viii. 239. 

12. Gov. Bradford's Letter Book, 
om 1624 to 1630. iii. 27. 

13. Gov. Dudley's Letter to the 
ountess of Lincoln, containing the 
history of Massachusetts from 1627, to 
"arch, 1631. viii. 36. 

14. Abstract of the Laws of New 
ngland, 1641. v. 171. 

15. New England's First Fruits, in 
jpect of the progress of learning in 
e college at Cambridge, with divers 
■,her special matters concerning the 
mntry, 1643. i. 242. 

VOL. X. 


16. Account of the death of Charles 
I. 1649, by John Downes. ii. 36. 

17. Extracts from the Records of the 
province of Maine, from 1640 to 1649. 
i. 101. 

18. Gov. Bradford's Descriptive and 
Historical Account of New England, in 
verse, iii. 77. 

19. Letter from Edward Roberts to 
Provost Dunster, 1655. iv. 218. 

20. Account in verse of the Agency 
of Hon. John Winthrop, in the court of 
king Charles II. 1662, when he obtained 
a charter for Connecticut, iv. 262. 

21. Paukatuck river determined to 
be the boundary between Connecticut 
and Rhode- Island, 1663. v. 248. 

22. Letter from P. Stuyvesant, Gov. 
of New-Netherland, to the Gov. and 
Council of Massachusetts, complaining 
of injuries received from the English 
colonists, 1663. vi. 209. 

23. Letter from his Majesty's Com- 
missioners to Gov. Prince, written at 
Rhode-Island, in 1664.' v. 192. 

24. Letter from King Philip to Gov. 
Prince, ii. 40. 

25. Deposition of Hugh Cole, at 
Plymouth Court, 1670-1, relative to 
Indian preparations for hostility, vi. 

26. Prince and Bosworth's Petition 
to the Government of Plymouth, rela- 
tive to the mackerel fishery, 1671. vi. 

27. Articles of Agreement between 
the Court of New-Plymouth and Awa- 
suncks, the squaw sachem of Saconet, 
1671. v. 193. 

28. Instructions from the church at 
Natick to "William and Anthony, rela- 
tive to the quarrel between the colony 
of Plymouth and the Missogkonnog In- 
dians, 1671. vi. 201. 

29. Letter from the squaw sachem 
Awasuncks to Gov. Prince, 1671. v. 

30. Letter from Thomas Mayhew to 
Gov. Prince respecting the Indians of 
Martha's Vineyard, 1671. vi. 196. 

31. Letter from Gov. Prince to Good- 
man Cooke, 1671. v. 196. 


General Table of Contents. 

32. James Walker's Letter to Gov. 
Prince relative to the sachem Philip, 

1671. vi. 197. 

33. Engagement of the Dartmouth 
Indians, 1671. v. 194. 

34. Letter from Gov. Prince to the 
squaw sachem Awasuncks, 1671. v. 197. 

35. Letter from the Gov. and Coun- 
cil of Massachusetts to the Governour 
and Council of New-Plymouth, solicit- 
ing aid for the College at Cambridge, 

1672. vi. 95. 

36. Act of the Assembly of Rhode- 
Island in favour of Humphrey Ather- 
ton and his associates, 1672. v. 250. 

37. Curious Paper concerning the in- 
habitants of Massachusetts, 1673. iv. 

38. Letter from the Gov. and Coun- 
cil of Massachusetts to the Gov. and 
Council of New-Plymouth, relative to 
the acts of the Dutch in Long-Island 
sound, 1674. vi. 87. 

39. Answer of sachem Philip to the 
Plymouth Governour's Letter, vi. 94. 

40. Letter from John Easton to 
Gov. Winslow, in the name of Nin- 
egrett, sachem of the Nyanticks, 1675, 
vi. 86. 

41. Letter from John Preeman to 
Gov. Winslow, 1675. vi. 91. 

42. Letter from Nathaniel Thomas, 
on the expedition against Philip, to 
Gov. Winslow, 1675. v. 86. 

43. James Cud worth's Letter to 
Gov. Winslow, from the garrison on 
Mount- Hope neck, 1675. vi. 84. 

44. Account of the surprise and de- 
feat of a body of Indians near Wren- 
tham. x. 138. 

45. Letter from Edward Palmer to 
Gov. Winslow, general of the United 
Colonies, 1675-6. vi. 89. 

46. Information of James Quana- 
paug, sent out as a spy to make discov- 
ery of the enemy, 1675-6. vi. 205. 

47. Letter from Gov. Lever ett to 
Gov. Winslow, respecting the destruc- 
tion of Capt. Pierce's company by the 
Indians, 1676. vi. 89. 

48. Return of loss in Scituate in 
Philip's war, 1676. vi. 92. 

49. Charles the Second's Letter to 
the Gov. and magistrates of Rhode- 
Island, 1679. v. 221. 

50. Address of the Gov. and Gene- 
ral Assembly of Rhode- Island to Charles 
II. 1679. v. 223. 

51. Letteu of the Commissioners 
of the United Colonies of New Eng- 
land respecting Mount Hope, 1679. 
v. 226. 

52. Edward Randolph's Letter to 
Gov. Winslow, relative to his proceed- 
ings at Piscataqua, 1679-80. vi. 92. 

53. Answers of the General Court 
of Connecticut to certain Queries of 
the Lords of the Committee of the Col- 
onies, 1680. iv. 220. 

54. Account of the right, which 
certain persons named have to the Nar- 
raganset country, 1680. v. 229. 

55. Charles the Second's Commis- 
sion to Edward Cranfield and others, 
to examine into the claims and titles 
to the Narraganset country, 1683. v. 

56. Summons of the King's Com- 
missioners to all persons claiming rights 
in the Narraganset country, to appear, 
1683. v. 233. 

57. Report to the King of the Com- 
missioners, appointed to examine into 
the claims to the Narraganset country, 
1683. v. 235. 

58. James the Second's commission, 
constituting a President and Council for 
Massachusetts-bay, Narraganset coum 
try, &c. 1685. v. 244. 

59. Order of the President and 
Council respecting the records of the 
Narraganset country, 1686. v. 246. 

60. Proceedings of a Court held by 
his Majesty's Commissioners and Jus- 
tices, in the Narraganset country, 1686 
v. 246. 

61. Account of the Settlements and 
Governments in and about the lands of 
the Narraganset- bay, from 1634 to 1689 
v. 216. 

62. Extract from Cotton Mather's 
Memoirs of Remarkables in the Life ol 
his father, containing Conversations 
between Increase Mather, when Mas- 
sachusetts agent, and King William, 
1691. ix. 245. 

63. List of the Governours of Ply- 
mouth from 1620 to 1692. iii. 194. 

64. A full and candid account of the 
delusion called Witchcraft, which pre- 
vailed in New- England ; and of the 
judicial trials and executions at Salerr 
for that pretended crime, in 1692. v. 

65. Grand Jury's bill against Mar] 
Osgood for Witchcraft, 1692. vii 

66. Account of the present stati J. 
and government of Virginia, 1697. v 

67. Schooners invented at Cap< 
Anne, 1714. ix. 234. 

68. Letter from Cotton Mather 
giving a character of the inhabitants o 
New England, and of their Gov. Col 
Shute, 1718. i. 105. 

69. Letter from Gov. Shute to Ralle 
the Jesuit, 1718-19. v. 112. 

70. Several Reasons proving tha |*j 
inoculating or transplanting the Smal ^ 


General Table of Contents. 


Pox is a lawful practice, and that it has 
\ been blessed by God for the saving of 
many a life, 1721. ix. 275. 

71. Account of the hearing before 
the Lords of the Privy Council, on the 
complaint of Gov. Shute against the 
House of Representatives of the prov- 
ince of Massachusetts- bay, 1724. ii. 32. 

72. Memoirs of the troubles of the 
New English colonies from the Indians 
and French, 1726 and 1727. vi. 108. 

73. The importance of Cape-Breton 
to the British nation, represented in the 
proposals of Judge Auchmuty to the 
ministry, 1744. v. 202. 

74. Journal of the Treaty held with 
the Six Nations by the Commissioners 
of Maryland and other provinces, at 
Lancaster in Pennsylvania, June, 1744. 
vii. 171. 

75. Letters relating to the expedition 
against Cape Breton, 1745. i. 5. 

76. Letter to the Earl of Sandwich 
upon the expedition to Louisbourg, 
1745. i. 108. 

i 77. Letter from Paul Mascarenc, re- 
lative to transactions in Nova- Scotia, 
from 1710 to 1748. vi. 120. 

78. Memorial of William Bollan, 
agent for Massachusetts, relative to 

.. French encroachments, 1748. vi. 130. 

79. Letter from William Clarke of 
poston to an American gentleman, then 
n London, 1748. iv. 76. 

80. Gov. Shirley's Letter respecting 
?ort Dummer, 1748. iii. 106. 

81. Letter from Agent Bollan, stat- 
ng the difficulties attending his solic- 
tation for a reimbursement of the ex- 
)ense of the expedition to Cape-Breton, 
752. i. 53. 

82. Letters from Col. Joseph Dwight 
nd Col. Oliver Partridge to Gov. Shir- 
ey, proposing to build forts in the coun- 
ry of the Six Nations, 1754. v. 119. 

83. Summons of the French com- 
mander to the English commander, at 
be mouth of the river Monongahela, 
754. vi. 141. 

84. Speech of the Half King to the 
rovernours of Virginia and Pennsylva- 
ia, 1754. vi. 143. 

85. Major Washington's Letter to 
rov. Hamilton, relative to the success 

the French, 1754. vi. 139. 

\G. Gov. Hamilton's Letter to Gov. 
hirley, relative to George Washington, 
754. vi. 138. 

87. Letter from William Clarke of 
oston to Dr. Franklin, 1754. iv. 74. 

. Plan of a proposed union of the 
iveral colonies of Massachusetts-bay, 
few- Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode- 
>land, New- York, and New- Jersey, 
jcommended by commissioners met 

in congress, June 14th, 1754. vii. 

89. Report of a committee, chosen 
by the general assembly of Connecticut, 
respecting the foregoing plan of union, 

1754. vii. 207. 

90. The Reasons considered and 
offered by the general assembly of Con- 
necticut, concerning the foregoing plan 
of union, 1754. vii. 210. 

91. Letter from William Clarke of 
Boston to Dr. Franklin, respecting the 
plan of union, 1755. iv. 85. 

92. Letter from William Bollan, 
agent for Massachusetts, respecting an 
intention of governing the colonies like 
Ireland, 1755. vi. 129. 

93. Number of British subjects in 
the several colonies of North- America, 

1755. vii. 220. 

94. Letter to William Bollan, agent 
for Massachusetts- bay, relative to the 

' failure of the Crown-point expedition, 
and the reimbursement from Great- 
Britain, 1756. vi. 40. 

95. Instructions from the General 
Court of Massachusetts to William Bol- 
lan, their agent, 1756. vi. 97. 

96. Review of the military opera- 
tions in North-America, from 1753 to 

1756. vii. 67. 

97. Letter from Gen. John Winslow, 
relative to his conduct, and that of the 
troops under his command, on the Ti- 
conderoga expedition, 1756. vi. 34. 

98. Agent Bollan's Memorandum 
of divers particulars, showing the ex- 
hausted state of Massachusetts prov- 
ince, and the necessity of a considerable 
parliamentary grant, 1759. vi. 47. 

99. Letter from William Bollan, 
agent for Massachusetts-bay, to the 
Speaker of the house of assembly, 1759. 
vi. 41. 

100. Petition of the Earl of Stir- 
ling, &c. praying to be put in posses- 
sion of lands, called the county of Can- 
ada, granted, in 1635, to William, Earl 
of Stirling, 1760. vi. 186. 

101. Calculation of the state of the 
Cod and Whale fisheries, belonging to 
Massachusetts in 1763. viii. 202, 

102. Letter from Jasper Mauduit 
to the Speaker of the house of repre- 
sentatives of Massachusetts, relative to 
a reimbursement from Parliament of 
the expense of supporting the French 
neutrals from Nova- Scotia, 1763. vi. 

103. Letter from Jasper Mauduit, 
relative to the duty on foreign molasses, 
1703. vi. 193. 

104. Comptroller Weare's Letter, 
containing observations on the British 
colonies in America, i. 66, 


General Table of Contents. 

105. Letter from Jasper Mauduit, 
relative to the duty on foreign molasses, 
the keeping up of ten thousand troops 
in America, &c. 1764. vi. 194. 

106. Account of a Conference be- 
tween Mr. Grenville and the several 
colony agents, in the year 1764, previous 
to passing the Stamp Act. ix. 268. 

107. Two Letters from Dr. Franklin 
to the Speaker of the House of Rep- 
resentatives of Massachusetts, respect- 
ing the petition of the province, and 
the proceedings of Parliament against 
it, 1774. hi. 109. 

108. Answers of the Gov. and com- 
pany of Connecticut to queries relative 
to the present state of the colony, 1774. 
vii. 231. 

109. Extracts from a letter written 
bv a London merchant to his ftiend in 
Virginia, 1775. ix. 280. 

110. Amount of the whole of war- 
like stores in Massachusetts, April 14th, 
1775. i. 232. 

111. Events at the beginning of the 
revolutionary war, contained in a letter 
from Paul Revere, 1775. v. 106. 

112. Account of the Examination of 
Dr. Benjamin Church before the House 
of Representatives of Massachusetts, 
1775. i. 84. 

113. A true account of Gen. Mont- 
gomery's Burial, 1776. i. 111. 

114. Original Orders of Gen. Bur- 
goyne to Col. Baum ; with a brief de- 
scription of the battle of Bennington, 
1777. ii. 25. 

115. Account of the burning of Pair- 
field, 1779. iii. 103. 

116. Letter from Gov. Trumbull, 
containing a history of the American 
War to Oct. 1779. vi. 154. 

117. Journal of the Siege of York 
in Virginia, 1781. ix. 102. 

118. Historical Journal of the Amer- 
ican War, from 1765 to 1783. ii. 41. 

119. Proceedings of two Conven- 
tions held at Portland, to consider the 
expediency of a separate Government in 
the district of Maine, 1785, 1787. iv. 25. 

120. List of the Governours of 
Massachusetts from 1630 to 1794. iii. 

121. Advertisement of an intended 
History of the colony of Plymouth. 
By Peres Fobes. 1794. iii. 176. 

122. Letter to Dr. Kippis, relative 
to an errour in his life of Capt. Cook, 
with several testimonies in evidence, 
1795. iv. 79, 156. 

123. Answer of Dr. Kippis to the 
above Letter, 1795. v. 5. 

124. Answer to Queries respecting 
the slavery and emancipation of Negroes 
in Massachusetts, 1795. iv. 191. 

125. Letter concerning the Abbe de 
Mably, 1795. iv. 157. 

126. Law Cases in Massachusetts. 
1795-1797. v. 45. 

127. Law Case in the Circuit Court 
of the United States, Morse against 
Reid, 1798. v. 123. 

128. Apology for Coinage in Mas- 
sachusetts under the first charter, writ- 
ten 1799. vii. 228. 

129. Narrative of the Newspapers 
published in New-England, from 1704 
to 1799. v. 208. vi. 64. 

130. Letter on the propriety and 
expediency of an appropriate national 
name, designating the citizens of the 
United States, 1799. vi. 149. 

131. List of the Presidents and Gov- 
ernours of Rhode-Island, from 1647 to 
1800. vi. 144. 

III. Papers in Ecclesiastical 

132. Ecclesiastical History of Mas- 
sachusetts, from the beginning of thei j, 
colony of Plymouth to 1659. vii. 262. 
ix. 1. x. 1. 

133. Petitions, &c. from members ji ],;, 
of the Church of England in Boston, (jg 
respecting Bishops, 1713. vii. 215. 

134. Letters from Granville Sharp, 
on the subject of American Bishops, 
1785. iii. 162. 

IV. Biographical and Char- 


135. Memoir of Stephen Parmenius tin-, 
of Buda, 1583. ix. 49. 1 

136. Biographical Sketch of Thomas dG( 
Hooker, first minister of Cambridge, ifr 
1647. vii. 38. 1 

137. Biographical Sketch of Thomasft« 
Shepard, minister of Cambridge, 1649 
vii. 42. 

138. Biography of John Cotton, 
minister of Boston, 1652. ix. 41. 

139. Biographical Notice of James|j |W 
Noyes, first minister of Newbury, 1656. 
vii. 242. 

140. Letter from Leonard Hoar 
Josiah Flint, respecting a course oik 13 
studies, 1661. vi. 100. ly 

141. Biographical Sketch of SamueliMr, 
Stone, minister of Cambridge, 
vii. 41. |D r ,' 

142. Biographical Sketch of Jona-p*, 
than Mitchel, minister of Cambridge,! &' 
1668. vii. 47. h{ 

143. Biographical Sketch of SamuelfLle 
Mather of Dublin, 1671. x. 27. K.55 

144. Life of President Chauncy« 
1672. x. 171. 

a! t 

General Table of Contents. 


14-5. James Cudworth's Letter to 
jov. Winslow, declining his appoint- 
nent to a military command, 1674. vi. 

146. Biographical Sketch of Urian 
)akes, minister of Cambridge, 1681. 
rii. 51. 

147. Memoirs of Roger Williams, 
1682. x. 15. 

148. Letter from Roger Williams to 
dajor Mason, i. 275. 

149. Letter from Gov. Prince to 
ioger Williams, vi. 203. 

150. Remarks on the Character of 
toger Williams, as given in Bentley's 
listory of Saiem. vii. (3.) 

151. Remarks upon Remarks, vin- 
icating the character of Roger Wil- 
ams. viii. 1. 

152. Biographical Sketch of Benja- 
rin Woodbridge, first graduate of Har- 
ard College, 1684. x. 32. 

153. Account of Daniel Gookin, au- 
or of the Historical Collections of the 

adians in New England, 1687. i. 228. 

154. Letter to Gov. Prince from 
)aniel Gookin, vindicating his charac- 
r. vi. 198. 

155. Gov. Prince's Answer to Dan- 
si Gookin's Letter, vi. 200. 

156. Letter from Nathaniel Tracy, 
;specting the posterity of Daniel Goo- 
in. ii. 25. 

157. Anecdote of Capt. Benjamin 
hurch. i. 104. 

158. Historical Account of John 
liot, first minister of Roxbury, 1690. 
ii. 5. 

159. Anecdote of John Eliot, of Rox- 
iry. x. 186. 

160. Biographical Sketch of Nathan- 
1 Gookin, minister of Cambridge, 1692. 
i. 54. 

161. Memoirs of William Hubbard, 
inister of Ipswich, 1704. x. 32. 

162. Grant made to William Hub- 
trd for writing his history, x. 187. 

163. Letters of Reproof from In- 
ease and Cotton Mather to Gov. Dud- 

,"•; y, with Gov. Dudley's Answer, 1708. 

164. Extract from Cotton Mather's 
ivate diary, relating to Gov. Dudley. 
. 137. 

165. Letter from Jeremiah Dummer 
Mr. Flint, 1711. vi. 78. 

166. Letter from Jeremiah Dummer 
Dr. Colman, 1714. v. 197. 

167. Letter from Jeremiah Dummer 
Mr. Flint, 1715. vi. 78. 

168. Biographical Sketch of William 
; a 4attle, minister of Cambridge, 1717. 

i. 55. 

169. Letter from Daniel Neal, the 
storian, to Dr. Colman, 1718. v. 199. 



170. Extract of a letter from Dr. 
Watts, concerning Neal's History of 
New- England, 1720. v. 200. 

171. Letter from Henry Newman to 
Henry Flynt, 1723. vi. 118. 

172. Of William Whittingham, 
founder of the first Congregational 
church at Geneva, and his descendants 
to 1729. v. 206. 

173. Anecdote of Samuel Cane, a 
justice of the peace, i. 104. 

174. Anecdote of Samuel Moody, 
minister of York, 1745. i. 49. 

175. Letters from Dr. Chauncy to 
Gen. Pepperell, 1745. i. 49. 

176. Letter from Henry Flynt to 
Gen. Pepperell, 1745. i. 51. 

177. Memoirs of Capt. Edward 
Tyng, 1755. x. 180. 

178. Dr. Stiles's Letter to John 
Barnard, minister of Marblehead, and 
Barnard's Sketch of eminent ministers 

.in New-England, 1767. x. 166. 

179. Chauncy's Sketch of eminent 
men in New- England, 1768. x. 154. 

180. John Adams author of the 
Essay on Feudal and Canon Law, 1768. 
x. 187. 

181. Biographical Sketch of Na- 
thaniel Appleton, minister of Cam- 
bridge, 1784. vii. 59. 

182. Biographical Sketch of Timothy 
Hilliard, minister of Cambridge, 1790. 
vii. 63. 

183. Genealogical Sketch of the 
family of Leonard to 1793. iii. 173. 

184. Sketch of the Life and Charac- 
ter of John Clarke, minister in Boston, 
1798. vi. (3.) 

185. Sketch of the Life and Char- 
acter of Jeremy Belknap, the historian, 
1798. vi. (10.) 

186. Biographical Notices of Mars- 
ton Watson, 1800. viii. 80. 

187. Sketch of the Life and Char- 
acter of Thomas Brattle, 1801. viii. 

188. Historical Sketch of the Life 
and Character of Col. Ephraim Wil- 
liams, who died in 1755, and of Wil- 
liams College to 1802. viii. 47. 

189. Character of George Richards 
Minot, 1802. viii. 86. 

190. Notice of Ezekiel Price, 1802. 
viii. 85. 

191. Memoirs of Dr. Peter Thacher, 
1802. viii. 277. 

192. Memoir of Ebenezer Grant 
Marsh, 1803. ix. 108. 

193. Biographical Memoir of Wil- 
liam Fisk, 1803. ix. 206. 

194. Memoir of Andrew Eliot, min- 
ister of Fairfield, 1805. x. 188. 

195. Memoir of Thomas Pemberton, 
1807. x. 190. 



General Table of Contents. 

s. 183. 

of William Tyng, 

V. Papers which relate to 
the Indians, from North to 

British Provinces. 

197. Specimen of the Mountaineer, 
or Sheshatapooshshoish, of the Skoffie, 
and of the Micmac Languages, 1797. 
vi. 16. 

198. Account of the Indians in 
Acadie, 1760. x. 115. 


199. Number of Indians from Mas- 
sachusetts to Canso, 1690 and 1726. 
ix. 234. 

200. Number of the Eastern Indians, 
1710. x. 114. 

201. History of the Penobscott In- 
dians, to 1804. ix. 207. 

202. Specimen of the Norridgewog 
Language, x. 137. 


203. Gookin's Historical Collec- 
tions of the Indians of New-England ; 
containing an account of their several 
nations, numbers, customs, religion, 
and government, before the English 
planted there ; also an account of the 
present state and numbers of the Pray- 
ing Indians, to 1674. i. 141. 

204. Letter from John Eliot to Ma- 
jor Atherton, relative to the Punkipog 
Indians, 1657. ii. 9. 

205. Dedications to Eliot's Indian 
Bible, 1663. vii. 222. 

206. Eliot's Account of Indian 
Churches in New-England, 1673, x. 

207. Letters from John Eliot to 
Robert Boyle, relative to the Indians, 
from 1670 to 1688. iii. 177. 

208. Rawson and Danforth's Ac- 
count of the Indian Plantations and 
Churches in Massachusetts, 1698. x. 

209. Died at Natick, John Thomas, 
an Indian, aged 110 years, 1727. v. 

210. Number of the Natick Indians, 
1749. x. 134. 

211. Historical and Characteristick 
traits of the American Indians in gen- 
eral, and those of Natick in particular, 
1797. v. 32. 

212. Account of an ordination at 
Marshpee, 1729. v. 206. 

213. Number of the Marshpee In- 
dians, 1762. x. 113. 

214. Number of the Monamoyick 
Indians, 1762. x. 114. 

215. Number of the Potanumaquut 
Indians, 1762. x. 112. 

216. Indian names of places in Truro. 
i. 257. 

217. Letter relating to the Indians 
in the county of Barnstable and its vi- 
cinity, 1792. i. 230. 

218. Fabulous traditions and cus- 
toms of the Indians of Martha's Vine- 
yard, i. 139. 

219. Inscription copied from a 
grave stone at Gay Head, 1787. i. 

220. Letter from Jonathan Edwards, 
relating to the Indian School at Stock- 
bridge, 1751. x. 142. 

221. Number of the Indians in 
New-England, 1792. i. 195. 201. 205. 
207. 209. 

Rhode- Island. 

222. Roger Williams's Key into the 
Language of the Indians of New-Eng- 
land ; containing a vocabulary of the 
language, framed chiefly after the Nar- 
raganset dialect, observations on the 
manners, customs, religion, and govern- 
ment of the Indians, and on the natural 
history of the country, 1643. iii. 203. 
V. 80. 

223. Account of the Saconet Indians. 
x. 114. 

224. Number of Indians in Rhode- 
Island, 1774. x. 119. 

225. Number of King Ninegret's 
tribe, 1761. x. 104. 


226. Inquiry into the right of the 
aboriginal natives to the lands in Amer- 
ica, 1724. iv. 159. 

227. Memoir of the Pequots, 1755. 
x. 101. 

228. Additional Memoir of the Pe- 
quots, 1762. x. 102. 

229. Number of the Moheagan In- 
dians, 1803. ix. 75. 

230. Memoir of the Moheagans, and 
of Uncas, their ancient sachem, ix. 77. 

231. Number of the Nyhantic tribe 
of Indians, 1761. x. 103. 

232. Account of the Indians on Con- 
necticut river, 1761. x. 104. 

233. Account of the Indians, in and 
about Stratford, 1761. x. 111. 

234. Number of the Indians in Con- 
necticut, 1774. x. 117. 

New- York. 

235. Extract from an Indian History, 
relative to the Muhheakunnuk Indians, 
ix. 99. 


General Table of Contents. 


\ 23fi. Letter from Gideon Hawley, 
•containing an account of his services 
1 among the Indians of Massachusetts 
;and New-York, a narrative of his jour- 
■ney to Onohoghwage in the year 1753, 
jand the number of Marshpee Indians in 
i)1794. iv. 50. 

I 237. Answer to Queries respecting 
[the Oneida, Stockbridge, and Brother- 
gtown Indians, 1795. iv. 67. 
X 238. Report of a Committee of the 
•Board of Correspondents of the Scots 
•liSociety for propagating christian knowl- 
edge, who visited the Oneida and Mo- 
hekunuh Indians in 1796. v. 12. 
I 239. Letter from Gov. Jay, relative 
jo the Indians in the state of New- York, 
61799. vi. 146. 

I 240. Specimen of the Mohawk Lan- 
guage, x. i37. 

If 241. Account of the Montauk In- 
dians, on Long- Island, 1761. x. 105. 

Middle and Southern States. 
l\ 242. List of the different nations of 

(ndians, that met Sir William Johnson 

It Niagara, July, 1764. x. 121. 

ijj 243. Estimate of the number of 

Delaware and oiher Indians, 1794. x. 

U 244. Observations and Conjectures 

»n the Antiquities of America, by Jacob 

Sailey, 1795. iv. 100. 
'A 245. Remarks on Mr. Bailey's Ob- 
servations, by John T. Kirkland, 1795. 
7. 105. 
§1 246. Estimate of the Indian nations, 

mployed by the British in the revolu- 
tionary war. x. 123. 
fil 247. Dr. Ramsay's Observations on 

he Indians in the southern parts of the 

United States, 1795. iv. 99. 
ii 248. Gen. Lincoln's Remarks on 

)r. Ramsay's Observations, 1795. v. 

f 249. Account of the Cherokees, 
" tfatawbas, Cheraws, Creeks, Choctaws, 
nd Chickasaws, 1768. x. 119. 

•X Papers in Geography, 
Topography, and Local 
History, from North to 

Eastern side of America. 

British Provinces. 
J 250. Account of the Coast of Labra- 
pr, 1761. i. 233. 

,■251. Account of the whole Trade 
id Shipping of Newfoundland for the 
W 1799. vii. 219. 

252. State of the province of Que- 
bec, as to its constitution, number of 
inhabitants, laws, commerce, &c. 1787. 
vi. 48. 

253. Governours of Canada under 
France, from 1725 to 1759. vi. 53. 

254. Governours of Canada under 
Great-Britain, from 1759 to 1786. vi. 

255. Amount of British property in 
Canada in 1787. vi. 55. 

256. Exports and Imports of the 
province of Quebec in 1786. vi. 56. 

257. Comparative View of the Im- 
ports to, and Exports from, Canada, in 
four years, beginning 1783. vi. 60. 

258. Number of Inhabitants, Houses, 
&c. in the province of Quebec, 1784. 
vi. 63. 

259. Account of Halifax and Nova- 
Scotia, 1760. x. 79. 

260. Description of Nova- Scotia, 
New- Brunswick, and Cape Breton, 
1793. hi. 94. 

261. New Road from Halifax to the 
Gulf of St. Lawrence, 1792. hi. 101. 

262 Governours of Nova-Scotia, 
from 1720 to 1792. hi. 101. 


263. Gen. Lincoln's Observations on 
the climate, soil, and value of the east- 
ern counties of the district of Maine, 
1789. iv. 142. 

264. Gen. Lincoln's Letter on the 
religious state of the eastern counties of 
the district of Maine, 1790. iv. 153. 

265. Description of Machias. hi. 144. 

266. Description of Thomaston. iv. 

267. Description of Wiscasset and 
the river Sheepscot. vii. 163. 

268. Description of Topsham. iii. 

269. Description of Georgetown, 
i. 251. 

270. Description of the Plantations 
near Sebago pond. iii. 239. 

271. Description and History of 
Waterford. ix. 137. 

272. Description of "Wells, iii. 138. 

273. Description of York. iii. 6, 

274. Description of Agamenticus 
mountain, iii. 11. 

New- Hampshire . 

275. Description and Historical 
Account of the Isles of Shoals, vii. 

276. Account of the several Re- 
ligious Societies in Portsmouth, and 
of the ministers of each, to 1805. x. 


General Table of Contents. 

277. Bill of mortality for Ports- 
mouth, 1801, 1802, 1803. ix. 236. 

278. Description of Exeter. iv.-87. 


279. Higgeson's Description of New- 
England, 1629. i. 117. 

280. Graves's Letter concerning 
New-England, 1629. i. 124. 

281. Description and History of Sa- 
lem, vi. 212. 

282. Account of the first Century 
Lecture held at Salem, 1729. iv. 

283. Topographical and Historical 
Account of Marblehead. viii. 54. 

284. General Description of the 
County of Middlesex, i. 107. 

285. Description and History of 
Cambridge, vii. 1. 

286. Description and History of 
Newton, v. 253. 

287. Description of Concord, i. 

288. Account of Stow, 1767. x. 

289. Memoir of Sudbury, 1767. x. 
86. . 

290. Description of Marlborough. 
iv. 46. 

291. Note on Marlborough, 1767. 
x. 89. 

292. Memoir of Marlborough Asso- 
ciation, 1762. x. 89. 

293. Description of Hopkinton. iv. 

294. Description of Holliston. iii. 

295. Topographical and Historical 
Description of Boston, iii. 241. iv. 

296. Samuel Mather's Account of 
the Settlement of Boston, 1630. (In- 
complete.) i. 256. 

297. Account of the great Fire in 
Boston, 1711. v. 52. 

298. Account of the Small-Pox in 
Boston, 1721 and 1752. v. 207. 

299. Account of Burials and Bap- 
tisms in Boston from 1701 to 1775. iv. 
213, 298. 

300. Letter concerning Eire-En- 
gines, Fires, and Buildings in Boston, 
iv. 188. 

301. Chronological and Topograph- 
ical Account of Dorchester, ix. 

302. Letter from Noah Clap, con- 
taining events in Dorchester, from 1630 
to 1774. i. 98. 

303. Epitaphs in Dorchester from 
1669 to 1701. ii. 9. 

304. Bill of Mortality for Dorches- 
ter, from 1749 to 1792. i. 116. 

305. Account of Harvard, 1767. x. 

306. Account of Westborough, 1767. 
x. 84. 

307. Note on Southborough, 1767. 
x. 82. 

308. Description of Worcester, i. 

309. Historical Account of the Set- 
tlement of Brookfield. i. 257. 

310. Description of Brookfield. i. 

311. Account of Northfield. ii. 30. 

312. Description of Brimfleld. ix. 

Old Colony op Plymouth. 

313. Morell's Poem on New- Eng- 
land, 1623. i. 125. 

314. Description of Duxborough. 
ii. 3. 

315. Account of the Church in Ply- 
mouth, from 1620 to 1760. iv. 107. 

316. Description of Middleborough. 
iii. 1. 

317. History of the Churches in 
Middleborough. iii. 148. 

318. Bills of Mortality for Middle- 
borough from 1779 to 1806. viii. 79.fc cl 
ix. 235. x. 188. 

319. Description of Raynham. iii 

320. Description of New-Bedford 
iv. 232. 

321. Description of the Eastern 
Coast of the County of Barnstable, 
from Cape Cod to Cape Malebarre. viiiij 

322. Description of Provincetown. 
viii. 196. 

323. Description of Truro, iii. 195. m 

324. Description of Wellfleet. iii. 

325. Account of the Creeks and 
Islands in Wellfleet, and Observations!^ 
on the importance of Cape Cod Har-^ 

- bour. iv. 41. 

326. Note on Wellfleet. viii. 196. 

327. Description and History ofl 
Eastham. viii. 154. 

Description of Orleans, viii. 








335. Note on the South parts of Yar- 
mouth and Barnstable, viii. 141. 

336. Description of Sandwich, viii. 

Description of Chatham, viii: •»■' ' 

Description of Brewster, x. 72. 
Note on Harwich, viii. 141 
Description of Dennis, viii. 129 
Memorabilia of Yarmouth. v< 

Description of Barnstable, ill 

General Table of Contents. 


I 337. Biographical and Topographical 
'Anecdotes respecting Sandwich and 
Marshpee. iii. 188. 
f 338. Note on Falmouth, viii. 127. 

Island of Massachusetts. 
I 339. Description of Nantucket, iii. 

I 340. Account of the Settlement of 
kantucket by the English, iii. 155. 
[341. Bill of Mortality for Nantucket. 
ii. 160. 

I 342. Progress of the Whale Fishery 
It Nantucket, from 1690 to 1785. iii. 



343. Notes on Compton. ix. 199. 

344. Memoir of Block-Island, x. 


345. History of Windsor, v. 166. 

346. Bill of mortality for Hartford, 
lath Remarks geographical and histori- 
K by Noah Webster, iii. 4. 

!j347. Mellen's Remarks on Webster's 

calculations on lives, contained in the 

{(receding paper, iii. 92. 

I 348. Webster's Reply to Mellen's 

lemarks. iii. 94. 

[349. History of Guilford, iv. 182. 

I 90. 

New- York. 
ij 350. Description of Catskill. ix. 111. 
I 351. Description of Newtown, ix. 

352. Letter from a Gentleman upon 
p return from Niagara, i. 2S4. 

j 353. Extract from a Journal of a 
lentleman belonging to the army under 
he command of Gen. St. Clair, iii. 21. 


354. List of the several publick Of- 
jes, ecclesiastical Preferments, and 
her places of profit in Maryland, vii. 


355. Description of the County of 
rince George, iii. 85. 

356. Remarks made during a resi- 
mce at Stabroek, Rio Demerary. vi. L 
Description of Surrinam. i. 61. 


Western side of America. 

358. Extracts from a Journal kept 
on board ship Atahualpa, bound on a 
voyage from Boston to the N. W. Coast 
and Sandwich Islands, ix. 242. 

359. Account of the Discovery of a 
group of Islands in the North Pacifick 
Ocean, by James Magee. iv. 261. 298. 

360. Account of the Discovery of 
seven Islands in the South Pacifick 
Ocean, by Joseph Ingraham. ii. 20. 

361. Discovery and Description of 
the Islands called the Marquesas, in the 
South Pacifick Ocean. With a farther 
Account of the seven adjacent Islands, 
discovered first by Joseph Ingraham, 
and since by Josiah Roberts, iv. 238. 

362. Observations on the Islands of 
Juan Fernandez, Massafuero, and St. 
Ambrose, in the South Pacifick Ocean, 
and the Coast of Chili in South Amer- 
ica, iv. 247. 

VII. Papers in Natural His- 
tory, SfC. 

363. Prince's Account of the Aurora- 
Borealis, when first seen in England, 

1716. ii. 14. 

364. Account of the first appearance 
of the Aurora-Borealis in New-England, 
1719. ii. 17. 

365. Letter on the Dark Day, May 
19th, 17S0. i. 95. 

366. Letter from John Winthrop re- 
lating to remarkable Storms of Snow, 

1717. ii. 12. 

367. Letter from Cotton Mather, 
describing an uncommon Storm, 1724. 
ii. 11. 

368. Account of the severe Drought 
in 1749. vii. 239. 

369. Account of an uncommon Frost, 
May 17th, 1794. iv. 44. 

370. Account of the Earthquake at 
Port-Royal in Jamaica, 1692. iv. 223. 

371. Account of some effects of the 
Earthquake in Massachusetts, 1755. iv. 

372. Account of Earthquakes in 
New- Hampshire, 1800—1802. ix. 232. 

373. Observations upon the natural 
productions of Iron Ores, with a De- 
scription of Smelting Furnaces, and an 
Account of the Iron Manufacture in the 
county of Plymouth, ix. 253. 

374. Letter on the Discovery of Iron 
Ore in Assowamset pond. iii. 175. 

375. Method of collecting Mineral 
and Fossil substances, iv. 14. 

376. Method of preserving Corals 
and other Marine productions, iv, 13. 

VOL. X. 



Chronological Table. 

377. Method of collecting and pre- 
serving Vegetables, iv. 12. 

378. Method of taking impressions 
of Vegetable leaves by means of smoke, 
iv. 13. 

379. Directions for preserving Ani- 
mals, iv. 8. 

380. Description of the Atherine. 
iii. 102. 

381. Natural History of the Slug- 
Worm, v. 280. 


Note. The year begins in January. 

1497. North-America discovered, ix. 

1554. Sir Hugh Willoughby, attempt- 
ing a N. VV. passage, perishes with 
all his crew. ix. 54. 

1571. Sir Anthony Jenkinson makes 
his last voyage to Russia, ix. 54. 

1576. Sir Martin Frobisher makes a 
voyage to the North for the discov- 
ery of a N. W. passage ; a 2d in 
1577 ; and a 3d in 1578. ix. 54. 

1578. Sir Francis Drake discovers 
New- Albion, i. 144. ix. 54. 

1578. Sir Humphrey Gilbert having 
obtained a patent of Queen Eliza- 
beth, sails to Newfoundland, ix. 51. 

1580. The Brownists begin, ix. 11. 

1583. Sir Humphrey Gilbert sails to 
Newfoundland : returning to Eng- 
land, he is lost in a storm, ix. 50. 

1595. The Marquesas, in the South Pa- 
cifick Ocean, discovered, iv. 238. 

1602. Gosnold discovers Cape-Cod, the 
Elizabeth-Islands, and the coast op- 
posite to them. iv. 234. viii. 160. 

1604. De Monts, in the service of 
France, lands at Passamaquoddy. 
ix. 217, 232. 

1605. Nov. 5. Gun- powder plot. x. 

1607. George Popham and others at- 
tempt to settle a colony on Parker's 
Island, at the mouth of Kennebeck 
river, i. 251. 

1607, and 1608. Robinson's church, the 
founders of Plymouth colony, fly 
from England to Holland, iv. 135. 
vi. 155. vii. 266. 

1612, and 1613. Pestilence among the 
Indians of New- England, i. 148. 
This seems to be the same event 
which is recorded in the year 1617, 
which is probably the correct date. 

1614. Capt. John Smith discovers the 
Isles of Shoals, named by him 
Smith's Isles, vii. 243. Touches at 
several places on the coast of New- 
England, embarks for London, and 
leaves his ship under the command 

of Thomas Hunt, who after his de- 
parture entices 27 Indians into the 
ship, carries them to Malaga, and 
sells a number of them for slaves, 
which greatly exasperates the sav- 
ages, viii. 160. 227. 238. 
1617. Pestilence among the Indians of 
New-England, iv. 108. viii. 160. 
226. 234. 
1620. Sep. 6. First planters of Plym- 
outh Colony embark from Plymouth 
in England, viii. 203. 

Nov. 3. James I. constitutes the 
Council of Plymouth for the plant- 
ing and governing of New-England. 
vi. 186. 

Nov. 11. Planters of Plymouth 
Colony arrive in Cape- Cod harbour, 
iv. 108. vii. 268. viii. 161. 204. 

Before they land, they combine 
into a body politick by a solemn 
contract, viii. 205. 

Nov. 11. Sixteen men under 
Capt. Standish travel from Cape- 
Cod harbour, round East-harbour 
creek, to the mouth of Pamet river, 
viii. 207. 

Nov. 27. Four and thirty men 
sail in a shallop to the mouth of 
Pamet river, which is named Cold 
harbour, viii. 213. 

Nov. Peregrine White, the first 
child born in N. England, viii. 217. 

Dec. 6. The shallop is sent out 
a second time, to discover a place 
for settlement, with ten of the prin- 
cipal men, and eight or ten seamen : 
they pass by Billingsgate point, and 
land near Great-Pond in Nauset. 
viii. 161. 217. 

Dec. 8. They are attacked by a 
party of Nauset Indians, whom 
they repulse: they quit the coast, 
and the same night reach the har- 
bour of Patuxet. viii. 161. 219. 

Dec. 11. The planters land at 
Patuxet, and soon after begin the 
town of Plymouth, iv. 108. vi. 
155. viii. 37. 220—222. 

Chronological Table. 


1621. Jan. 14. The rendezvous house 
at Plymouth is burnt, viii. 224. 

Feb. 17. A meeting is first called 
for establishing military orders, and 
Miles Standish is chosen Captain, 
viii. 225. 

March 16. Samoset is the first 
Indian who visits the town of Plym- 
outh, viii. 161. 225. 

March 18. Samoset returns to 
Plymouth, with five other Indians, 
viii. 227. 

March 22. Massasoit, Sagamore 
of the Wamponoags, comes to 
Plymouth : a treaty is made with 
him, which is kept with fidelity till 
1675. viii. 229. 

July 3. Edward Winslow and 
Stephen Hopkins are sent to Pokan- 
oket to visit Massasoit : they begin 
their journey this day, and lodge at 
Namasket. iii. 148. viii. 232. 

July 4. They proceed to Pokan- 
oket. viii. 235. 

July 6. They take leave of Mas- 
sasoit, and the next night arrive at 
Plymouth, viii. 236. 

July end, and Aug. beg. A boy 
having lost himself in the woods, 
ten men are sent to seek him : they 
proceed to Cummaquid, and thence 
to Nauset, where they recover the 
boy, and conclude a peace with 
Aspinet, the sachem, viii. 161. 237. 

Aug. Intelligence is brought, 
that the Narragansets are commit- 
ting hostilities on the subjects of 
Massasoit. viii. 238. 

Aug. Conbatant, a petty sachem 
under Massasoit, is at first unfriend- 
ly to the English, but is afterwards 
reconciled, viii. 258. 

Aug. Canonicus, chief sachem 
of the Narragansets, sends a mes- 
senger to Plymouth to treat of 
peace, viii. 239. 

Sep. 13. Massasoit and several 
other sachems subscribe instru- 
ments of submission to King James, 
viii. 161. 253. 

Nov. The ship Fortune arrives 
at Plymouth with thirty-five pas- 
sengers, viii. 166. 239. 

1622. Jan. Canonicus, chief sachem of 
the Narragansets, sends a defiance 
to Plymouth : the Gov. returns the 
defiance, viii. 240. 

Feb. Plymouth is fortified, and 
the inhabitants divided into four 
squadrons, viii. 240. 241. 

Ap. A shallop is sent from Ply- 
mouth to Massachusetts-bay on a 
trading voyage, viii. 241. 

Ap. Massasoit is accused of hos- 
tile designs against the Plantation. 

viii. 242. He comes to Plymouth 
to vindicate himself, viii. 244. 

May. Massasoit sends to Ply- 
mouth, to demand the death of 
Tisquantum, his accuser, viii. 244. 

May, end. The provision at Ply- 
mouth being spent, a famine begins. 
viii. 162. 245. 246. 

May, end. The ship Sparrow ar- 
rives at Plymouth with seven pas- 
sengers on account of Mr. Weston, 
viii. 245. 

June. Mr. Winslow is sent to 
Munhiggen to procure provisions : 
he obtains a small supply, viii. 246. 

June. The Indians beginning to 
insult the inhabitants of Plymouth, 
a fort is begun to be erected on the 
hill above the town. viii. 247. 

June, end, or July, beg. Two 
ships arrive at Plymouth with fifty 
or sixty men, sent by Mr. Weston 
to begin a plantation at Wessagus- 
set. viii. 37. 247. ix. 5. 

Aug. The Indians complain of 
the planters of Wessagusset for 
stealing their corn and for other 
abuses, viii. 248. 

Aug. end. Two ships arrive at 
Plymouth, of one of which the in- 
habitants obtain goods to trade with 
the Indians, viii. 248. 

Nov. Gov. Bradford goes to Mo- 
namoyick in the ship Swan to trade 
with the Indians, viii. 249. 

Dec. From Monamoyick Gov. 
Bradford sails to the bay of Massa- 
chusetts, where the Indians renew 
their complaints against the plant- 
ers of Wessagusset : thence he pro- 
ceeds to Nauset, where he is treated 
kindly by the Indians, viii. 162. 
1623. Jan. Capt. Standish sails in a 
shallop to Nauset, where a theft is 
committed on him, which he re- 
senting, the goods are restored, 
viii. 252. 

Jan. Gov. Bradford goes to Na- 
masket, and afterwards to Mano- 
met, to purchase corn. viii. 252. 

Feb. Capt. Standish sails to 
Mattachiest, to purchase corn ; an 
attempt is made to kill him, but it 
is timely prevented, viii. 254. 

Mar/beg. Capt. Standish goes 
to Manomet: Wituwamat and an- 
other Indian come thither from 
Massachusetts, to engage Canacum, 
the sachem, in a conspiracy against 
the English : an Indian of Pamet 
undertakes to kill the Capt., but 
the cold keeping him awake, the 
design is frustrated, viii. 255. 

Mar. News coming to Plymouth 


Chronological Table. 

that Massasoit is dangerously sick, 
Edward Winslow is sent to visit 
him. viii. 257. 

He is recovered, and communi- 
cates intelligence of a conspiracy 
among the Indians to extirpate the 
English, viii. 162. 262. 264. 

Mar. 23. The Governour makes 
known the conspiracy to the whole 
company, viii. 265. 

In consequence of which Capt. 
Standish is dispatched to the bay 
of Massachusetts with eight men. 
viii. 266. 

He kills Wituwamat and the 
principal conspirators, viii. 162. 

Weston's company forsake Wes- 
sagusset, and the Plantation is 
broken up. viii. 271. ix. 5. 

The death of Wituwamat and 
the others so terrifies the rest of 
the conspirators, that they conceal 
themselves in swamps, where they 
contract diseases, by which many of 
them perish, viii. 162. 273. 

Ap. David Thomson begins a 
Plantation at Pascatoquack. viii. 
276. x. 38. 

From 3d week in May to middle 
of July. A severe drought in New- 
England, viii. 274. 

July end, and Aug. beg. The 
ships Anne and James arrive at 
Plymouth with about sixty persons. 
viii. 168. 276. 

Sep. Robert Gorges comes to 
New- England with several families, 
intending to make a settlement at 
Wessagusset, but it fails, i. 125. 
ix. 5. 
1624* David Thomson takes possession 
of the island, which bears his name, 
in Massachusetts-bay. iii. 299. 

A number of persons, in London, 
withdraw from the company of ad- 
venturers to Plymouth, iii. 29. 

A bull and three heifers are 
brought to Plymouth, iii. 35. 

1625. June 28. Gov. and company of 
Plymouth petition the council of 
New-England to free them from the 
company of adventurers, iii. 37. 

The plague in London prevents 
any attention from being paid to the 
petition, iii. 38 » 

Charles I. begins to prosecute the 
war against Spain, iii. 50. 

1626. Isaac Allerton is sent from Ply- 
mouth to England to procure mon- 
ey : he obtains two hundred pounds 
at 30 per cent. iii. 46. 

Nov. 15. The adventurers to 
Plymouth in London sell to the 
planters in Plymouth all their 

shares in land and merchandize for 
eighteen hundred pounds, iii. 47. 

Dec. A ship cast away at Mona- 
moyick, the ruins of which were to 
be seen till 1782. viii. 144. 

Gov. Bradford, going to the as- 
sistance of the crew of this ship, is 
kindly assisted by the Nauset In- 
dians, viii. 162. 

1627. Charles I. proclaims war against 
France, iii. 50. 

Mar. Dutch at New-Netherland 
enter into a correspondence with 
the planters at Plymouth, iii. 51. 

Oct. Planters of Plymouth first 
procure from the Dutch of New- 
Netherland wampampeak, which is 
the beginning of a profitable trade 
with the Indians, iii. 54. 

The fishermen in New-England 
sell muskets, powder, and shot to 
the Indians, iii. 57. 

The planting of Massachusetts 
projected by several persons in Lin- 
colnshire, who communicate their 
intentions to several persons in 
London and the west of England, 
viii. 37. 

Isaac Allerton sent from Ply- 
mouth to England, to solicit an 
enlargement of the patent, iii. 59. 

1628. Aug. John Endicott and com- 
pany arrive at Naumkeak, and be- 
gin the town of Salem, iii. 66. vii 
231. viii. 38. 

Sep. 30. The whole trade of Ply- 
mouth assigned to William Brad- 
ford and associates for six years 
from this day, in consideration of 
their paying the debts of the col- 
ony, iii. 60. 

Thomas Morton and company in 
Massachusetts- bay sell guns and 
ammunition to the Indians, iii. 61. 

He is seized by the government 
of Plymouth, and sent prisoner to 
England, iii. 62. 64. 

1629. Mar. 4. Charles I. grants a char- 
ter to the Massachusetts company, 
viii. 38. 

May 17. The Isles of Shoals granted 
by four Indian Sagamores to John 
Wheelwright and others, vii. 243. 
June 29. Two hundred planters 
arrive at Salem, i. 123. iii. 67. 
viii. 38. 

There are now about 300 plant- 
ers, including those who arrived 
last year. ix. 2. 

Aug. 6. First ordination of min- 
isters in Massachusetts, held at Sa- 
lem, iii, 67. iv. 135. 219. vi. 242. j 
ix. 3. 

Opposition, headed by the family J 531 

Chronological Table. 


of Brown, made to the new church, 
in Salem, vi. 242. ix. 3. 

John Massey, the first child born 
in old Massachusetts : the cradle 
in which he was nursed is in the 
Museum of the Historical Society, 
vi. 237. 282. 

Aug. Thirty- five planters arrive 
at Plymouth from Ley den. iii. 66. 
iv. 109. vii. 276. 

Several persons who had been 
members of Mr. Lothrop's church 
in England, and others, come to 
Plymouth, iv. 109. vii. 276. 
630. Jan. 13. A patent granted to the 
Colony of Plymouth, iii. 70. v. 239. 

Ap. 7. Gov. Winthrop and others 
of the Massachusetts company, on 
board the Arabella, before they sail 
for New-England, address their 
brethren of the Church of England. 
ix. 10. 

May, end. Another company of 
planters arrive at Plymouth from 
Ley den. iii. 69. 

May 30. The ship Mary and 
John arrives at Nantasket with the 
planters, who first settle Dorches- 
ter, and afterwards Windsor, iv. 
266. v. 166. ix. 18. 148. 

June 12. Gov. Winthrop and 
company land at Salem, i. 256. 
iii. 74. 241. iv. 194. vi. 155. viii. 

Seventeen ships, containing pas- 
sengers, arrive this year in Massa- 
chusetts, viii. 38. 

The planters of Massachusetts, 
being unable to feed their servants, 
are compelled to give them their 
freedom, vi. 236. viii. 39. 

July. Salem not appearing proper 
for the capital of Massachusetts, 
Gov. Winthrop and company re- 
move to Charlestown, and thence 
to Boston, i. 256. iii. 241. viii. 
39. ix. 19. 

Watertown, Roxbury, Medford, 
and Lynn settled, viii. 39. ix. 19. 

Aug. About a hundred persons 
returned to England from Massa- 
chusetts : others went to Pascata- 
qua. viii. 40. 

Aug. 27. John Wilson ordained 
at Charlestown : this is the first 
ordination after the charter was re- 
moved to Massachusetts, ix. 12. 

July to Dec. Mortality prevails 
among the planters of Massachu- 
setts, iii. 75. 241. viii. 40. 

Settlement of Agamenticus, or 
York, begins, iii. 8. 

Surrinam first possessed by the 
French, i. 65. 
531. Eeb. 5. The ship Lion arrives in 

Massachusetts with provisions, viii. 

Newtown, or Cambridge, intend- 
ed at first for a fortified town and 
the metropolis of Massachusetts, is 
begun, vii. 6. viii. 41. 

May 18. An order passed in 
Massachusetts, that none but mem- 
bers of churches should be admit- 
ted freemen, vi. 236. ix. 47. 

The first Congregational Church 
in Boston gathered, vii. 15. 

Connecticut River discovered, iv. 

1632. May 24. A fort on Port-hill in 
Boston, begun, iii. 243. 

Governour's Island in Boston 
harbour granted to Gov. Winthrop. 
iii. 299. 

1633. Isaac Allerton of Plymouth sets 
up a trading house at Machias, of 
which he is dispossessed by Gov. 
La Tour, the same year. iii. 145. 

A mill, the first in Massachusetts, 
erected on Neponsit River, ix. 164. 

1634. Archbishop Laud and eleven 
other great officers of the Court 
empowered by commission from 
Charles I. to revoke all the charters 
and letters patent granted to the 
colonies : the commission is super- 
seded, iv. 119. 

Market opened in Boston, iii. 254. 

Castle-Island in Boston harbour 
fortified, iii. 298. 

Indians on Connecticut River 
murder Captains Stone and Norton, 
iv. 273. 

Por the ecclesiastical history of 
Plymouth from 1620 to this period, 
see iv. 107. vii. 262. 

John Endicott cut the cross out 
of the king's colours as a relick of 
an ti- Christian superstition, vi. 246. 

Roger Williams, propagating 
opinions which are considered 
heretical and seditious, is censured 
by the court of Massachusetts, vi. 
246. vii. (1.) viii. 1. ix. 24. x. 17. 

Laws made in Massachusetts 
against tobacco, immodest fashions, 
and costly apparel, viii. 35. 

1635. The council of Plymouth grants 
to William Alexander, Earl of Stir- 
ling, the country between the rivers 
St. Croix and Kennebeck. vi. 186. 

Settlement of Connecticut by the 
English begins, iii. 5. 153. iv. 269. 
274. v. 167. vi. 156. ix. 152. 

1636. Roger Williams, banished from 
Massachusetts, leaves the colony. 
i. 276. vi. 249. ix. 26. x. 18. 

He begins the town of Provi- 
dence, i. 276. iii. 152. v. 216. vi. 


Chronological Table. 

Hartford is begun by Thomas 
Hooker and his church, iii. 5. vii. 

Indians murder John Oldham, 
near Block- Island ; this and the 
murders of Stone and Norton, oc- 
casion the Pequot war. iv. 273. 

Capt. Endicott is sent from Mas- 
sachusetts to Block-Island and Con- 
necticut, to avenge the murders of 
Stone, Norton, and Oldham : he 
returns without subduing the en- 
emy, iv. 273. vi. 253. 

The Pequots surprise the garrison 
of Say brook, iv. 276. 

A vessel of 120 tons built at 
Marble-Harbour in Salem, vi. 231. 

The General Court of Massachu- 
setts grants four hundred pounds 
for the erection of a publick school 
at Newtown : this lays the founda- 
tion of Harvard College, vii. 16. 

Anne Hutchinson commences re- 
ligious teacher in Massachusetts, 
and gains many adherents, vi. 252. 
vii. 16. viii. 6. 
1637. A number of the Puritan min- 
isters censure the discipline of the 
New-England churches, ix. 16. 

Massachusetts concludes a treaty 
of peace with the Narragansets. x. 

Ap. Wethersfield attacked by 
the Pequot Indians, iv. 276. 

May 1. Court of Connecticut 
assembles at Hartford, determines 
on a war against the Pequots, and 
votes that 90 men should be raised, 
iv. 277. 

May 10. The 90 Connecticut 
troops, under John Mason, and aid- 
ed by 70 Moheagan Indians, em- 
bark from Hartford, iv. 278. 

May 15. The Moheagans land 
near Say brook fort, fall in with a 
party of the Pequots, and defeat 
them. iv. 278. 

May 19. Mason sails with his 
troops for Narraganset-bay, and ar- 
rives the next day, obtains leave of 
the Narragansets to march through 
their country, and is joined by a 
number of that tribe, iv. 279. 

May 25. Mason and his troops 
arrive in the neighborhood of the 
Pequots' fort at Mistick. iv. 280. 

May 26. Mason attacks the Pe- 
quots' fort at Mistick. iv. 287. 
Burns the wigwams in it. iv. 291. 
And slaughters a great number of 
Indians, iv. 292. ix. 84. 

May 26. Mason is attacked by 
300 Pequots, sent by Sassacus from 
another fort : they are compelled to 
retire, iv. 294. 

The Pequots leave their country. 
x. 100. Sassacus flies to the Mo- 
hawks, by whom he is put to death, 
iv. 295. 

Aug. 30. A synod held at New- 
town, Massachusetts, occasioned by 
the Antinomian controversy, intro- 
duced by Anne Hutchinson, vi. 
252. vii. 16. ix. 14. 23. 32. 

Nov. John Wheelwright ban- 
ished from Massachusetts for preach- 
ing a seditious sermon, ix. 31. 

Nov. Anne Hutchinson tried for 
heresy and reviling the ministers, 
and banished from Massachusetts, 
viii 7. ix. 30. 

William Coddington purchases of 
the Narraganset sachems Aquet- 
neck, Rhode Island, v. 216. ix. 
27. x. 20. 

1638. The Pequots completely con- 
quered and destroyed, i. 147. 246. 
279. iv. 295. ix. 82. 

Rhode- Island planted, iii. 153. 
v. 216. 

Exeter in New-Hampshire settled 
by John Wheelwright and others, 
iv. 87. 

Ap. Artillery company in Bos- 
ton incorporated, iii. 268. 

June 1. Earthquake in New- 
England, x. 173. 

John Harvard gives about eight 
hundred pounds, and the College, 
which begins this year at Cam- 
bridge, receives his name. i. 242. 
vii. 18. 

1639. Jan. 14. The original constitu- 
tion of Connecticut formed, vi. 

A printing press, the first in New- 
England, erected at Cambridge: 
the first thing printed is the free* 
man's oath ; the next, an almanack, 
made by Capt. Pierce, vi. 232. 
vii. 19. 

1640. March. Form of an oath, ap- 
pointed to be taken in the province 
of Maine, to Sir Ferdinando Gorges, 
i. 101. 

The Governour and Council of 
Massachusetts decline putting them- 
selves under the protection of Par- 
liament, vi. 155. 

Laws of New-England, collected 
by John Cotton out of the Scrip- 
tures, and recommended to the 
General Court of Massachusetts. 
v. 173. 188. 

At this time there are eight towns 
settled in the colony of Plymouth, 
viii. 162. 

The New-England version of the 
Psalms printed at Cambridge, vii. 








Chronological Table. 


The first President of Harvard 
College chosen, i. 243. vii. 27. 
541. Ap. Towns in New-Hampshire 
put themselves under the j urisdic- 
tion of Massachusetts, x. 38. 

Aug. 3. Hugh Peters, Thomas 
Welde, and William Hibbins sent 
agents to England from Massachu- 
setts on the subject of excise and 
trade, vi. 253. viii. 7. x. 30. 

Oct. 13. Nantucket granted to 
Thomas Mayhew by William, Earl 
of Stirling, iii. 155. 

Richard Smith purchases of the 
Indians a large tract of land in the 
Narraganset country, v. 216. 230. 
B42. Three ministers of New- England 
invited to the assembly of divines 
at Westminster, ix. 39. 

Martha's Vineyard first settled by 
Thomas Mayhew. i. 202. 

Exeter in New-Hampshire made 
a part of Massachusetts government, 
iv. 87. 

Settlement of Warwick, Rhode- 
Island, begins, v. 217. ix. 35. 

Degrees first conferred in British 
America at Harvard College, i. 245. 
vi. 240. vii. 20. 

New-England at this period con- 
j tains fifty towns and villages, thirty 
i or forty churches, a college, castle, 
&c., and a flourishing commerce is 
I commencing, i. 242. 247. 
|43. July 1. Assembly of divines 
j opened at Westminster, ix. 45. 

Samuel Gorton imprisoned in 
Massachusetts for heresy : he was 
afterwards banished, ix. 35. 

Three ministers sent from Massa- 
chusetts to preach the gospel in 
Virginia, ix. 46. 

The General Court of Massachu- 
setts by act appoint the magistrates 
of the colony, and the ministers of 
the six neighbouring towns, Over- 
seers of Harvard College, vii. 21. 

Battle between TJncas and Mian- 
tonimoh. ix, 77. 

TJncas fights with Sequassen. ix. 

TJncas puts Miantonimoh to death. 

Iix. 84. 
4. March 14. Roger Williams ob- 
tains a charter of incorporation for 
Providence and Rhode-Island plant- 
ations, i. 278. x. 20. 
Inhabitants of Massachusetts pro- 
cure an order from the Earl of War- 
wick for the government of the Nar- 
raganset country : but the same 
tract is included in the charter 
granted to Roger Williams, i. 278. 
v. 217. 

Ap. 19. Passicus and Canonicus 

subject themselves, their people, 
and lands, to the government of the 
King of England, v. 237. 

A law made against the Baptists 
in Massachusetts, vi. 255. 

Eort on Castle-Island in Boston 
harbour rebuilt, iii. 298. 

Emigrations from England to 
New -England cease about this 
time. vi. 255. 

1645. A law passed in Massachusetts, 
prohibiting the buying and selling 
of slaves, iv. 195. 

Oct. 21. Proceedings of the 
General Court of the province of 
Maine, i. 102. 

1646. Several non-freemen in Massa- 
chusetts petition for civil privileges : 
the petitioners are treated with se- 
verity, ix. 47. 

A law passed in Massachusetts 
against heresy, vi. 255. 

A body of laws composed in 
Massachusetts, ix. 49. 

A Synod convened at Cambridge, 
Massachusetts, for the purpose of 
composing a platform of church dis- 
cipline, iv. i35. vii. 25. ix. 49. 

Oct. 28. John Eliot, minister of 
Roxbury, first preaches the gospel 
to the Indians of New-England, i. 
168. v. 256. vii. 23. viii. 12. x. 11. 

1647. The French of Canada solicit aid 
of the government of Massachu- 
setts against the Mohawks, i. 161. 

A law passed in Massachusetts 
against the Jesuits, vi. 257. 

May 26. A law passed in Mas- 
sachusetts for establishing magis- 
trates and courts among the pray- 
ing Indians, i. 177. viii. 15. x. 13. 

1648. The Synod which was convened 
in 1646, composes and adopts the 
Cambridge Platform of Church Dis- 
cipline, iv. 135. vi. 257. vii. 25. 
ix. 14. 16. 172. x. 3. 

1649. July. The inhabitants of Maine 
combine into a body politick for 
the regulation of the province, i. 

The gospel first preached to the 
Indians of Martha's Vineyard, i. 

July 27. The Society for Propa- 
gating the Gospel in New-England 
constituted by act of parliament, 
i. 212. v. 261. 

1650. State of New-England at this 
period, iii. 77. 

A great mortality prevails in the 
neighbourhood of Boston, vi. 258. 

The General Court of Massachu- 
setts grants Harvard College its 
first charter, appointing a corpora- 
tion, vii. 27. 


Chronological Table. 

Surrinam taken by the English, 
i. 65. 

1651. Sumptuary laws passed in Mas- 
sachusetts, vi. 258. 

The General Court of Massachu- 
setts made an order, that no minis- 
ter should be called to office, with- 
out the approbation and allowance 
of some of the magistrates, as well as 
some of the neighbouring churches. 
x. 25. 

Natick, a town of Christian Indi- 
ans, built on Charles River, i. 180. 
v. 263. viii. 19. x. 136. 

Autumn. William Coddington 
went to England, and procured 
from the Council of State a com- 
mission, constituting him Gover- 
nour of Rhode-Island, with which 
he returns this year. v. 217. vi. 
144. x. 20. 

1652. Quakers first appear in England. 
vi. 255. 

Massachusetts claims the juris- 
diction of part of the province of 
Maine, iii. 8. 

Money first coined in Massachu- 
setts, vii. 229. 

Eirst iron forge in America built 
at Raynham by James and Henry 
Leonard, iii. 170. 

1653. The inhabitants on the main re- 
fusing to submit to Coddington's 
government of Rhode-Island, they 
appoint Roger Williams and John 
Clarke their agents at the court of 
London to procure Coddington's 
commission to be vacated, which 
they effect this year. v. 217. vi. 
144. x. 20. 

1655. Anne Hibbins of Boston tried 
and condemned for witchcraft, vi. 

1656. The government of Massachu- 
setts appoints a superintendent over 
the Indians, i. 177. v. 262. 

Quakers first appear in Massa- 
chusetts, x. 35. 

1657. June 4. Disputes concerning 
baptism and church members in 
New-England occasion a council to 
be holden at Boston, x. 35 — 37. 

William Coddington and Bene- 
dict Arnold purchase Quononoquot 
of the Narraganset sachems, v. 

John Hull and others purchase a 
large tract of ground in the Narra- 
ganset country, called the Potta- 
quamscut purchase, v. 217. 

1658. Massachusetts claims a share in 
the Pequot country, x. 102. 

Oct. A law, with penalty of 
death, made against the Quakers in 
Massachusetts, v. 255. 

1659. Several Quakers put to death at 
Boston, vi. 259. 

June and July. John Winthrop, 
Humphrey Atherton, and others, 
purchase two tracts of land in the 
Narraganset country, v. 217. 240. 

Indian church first gathered at 
Martha's Vineyard, i. 203. 205. 

Settlement of Nantucket by the 
English begins : at this time the 
Island contains near three thousand 
Indians, iii. 156. 

1660. First Indian church in Massa- 
chusetts embodied at Natick. i, 
181. viii. 20. x. 136. 

Oct. 13. The Narraganset sa- 
chems mortgage to Humphrey 
Atherton and associates the re- 
maining part of their country, v. 
218. 240. 

1661. Several Quakers put to death 
at Boston, and eighteen publickly 
punished at Salem, vi. 260. 

Sep. Charles II. forbids any fur- 
ther persecution of the Quakers, 
vi. 260. 

Sep. 5. Eliot's translation of the 
New- Testament into the Indian 
language first published, i. 176. 

Baron Castine at Penobscot 
teaches the Indians the use of fire 
arms. ix. 218. 

1662. Charles II. grants a charter to 
the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel in New-England, i. 214. 
vii. 226. 

Ap. 23. Charles II. grants a 
charter to Connecticut, iv. 262. 
297. v. 218. 237. vi. 156. 

Connecticut extends its jurisdic- 
tion to Long- Island and some parts 
of the main claimed by the Dutch. 
vi. 209. 

Aug. 14. Act for ejecting dis- 
senting teachers passed in England. 
x. 28. 177. 

Sep. A Synod held in Massachu- 
setts on the subjects of Baptism 
and Consociation, vi. 260. vii. 49. 

The General Court of Massachu- 
setts appoints two licensers of the 
press, i. 228. vii. 23. 

A charter granted to the English 
at Surrinam by Charles II. about 
which time the colony is augment- 
ed by the settlement of a number 
of Jews. i. 65. 

1663. Days of humiliation appointed 
in Massachusetts to deprecate Epis- 
copal usurpation, vi. 261. 

Eliot's translation of the Old 
Testament into the Indian language 
first published, vii. 222. 

Ap. 17. The agents of Connect- 
icut and Rhode- Island agree that! 

Chronological Table. 


Paukatuck River shall be the boun- 
dary between the two colonies, i. 
279. v. 238. 248. 

July 8. Charles II. grants the 
last charter to Rhode-Island, v. 218. 
238. vi. 144. 

Aug. 12, Nova- Scotia granted to 
Sir William Alexander, iii. 95. 

Law passed in Virginia, that no 
debt should be recoverable in the 
country, unless the goods for which 
it became due be imported thither, 
v. 149. 

Nov. Stuyvesant, Governour of 
New-Netherland, complains to the 
government of Massachusetts of the 
encroachments of Connecticut, vi. 

Earl of Stirling sells Long- Island 
to the Duke of York. vi. 187. But 
not, as his heirs pretend, the coun- 
try between St. Croix and Kenne- 
beck. vi. 188. 

64. French of Canada subdue the 
Mohawks, i. 161. See Holmes' 
Ann. i. 397. 

Mar. 12. Charles II. grants to 
the Duke of York New- York, 
Long-Island, Martha's "Vineyard, 
Nantucket, and a territory between 
the rivers St. Croix and Kennebeck. 
iii. 95. vi. 131. 187. 

Four commissioners are sent by 
Charles II. to New-England to set- 
tle all differences between colony 
and colony, i. 279. v. 218. vi. 261. 

Proposition made by Charles lid's 
commissioners to the government 
of Plymouth, v. 192. 

Charles lid's commissioners de- 
clare Mount Hope Neck to be with- 
in the limits of the government of 
Plymouth, v. 224. 

The law in Massachusetts, declar- 
ing none but church members to be 
freemen, became null. vi. 261. 

The line between Massachusetts 
and Plymouth settled, i. 100. 

65. Mar. and Ap. Three of Charles 
lid's commissioners declare the pur- 
chases made by Humphrey Ather- 
ton and others in the Narraganset 
country to be void ; but Richard 
Nichols, the first of the commission- 
ers, without whose consent their 
acts were not valid, reverses their 
orders, v. 218. 221. 228. 230. 238. 

The government of Rhode-Island 
passes an order for outlawing the 
Quakers ; but the people would not 
suffer the order to be executed, v. 

The Baptists first form a church 
in Boston, vi. 262. 

An Indian College erected at 
Cambridge, vii. 24. 
1667. Surrinam taken by the Dutch, 
i. 65. 

1669. Indians of Massachusetts march 
into the country of the Mohawks, 
where they are defeated by them, 
i. 166. 

Ap. 16. An Ecclesiastical Coun- 
cil holden in Boston, ix. 172. 

1670. Remarkable mortality among the 
pond fish at Watertown. iii. 177. 

1671. The colony of Plymouth in dan- 
ger of being disturbed by the In- 
dians within its limits, v. 193 — 
197. vi. 196—203. 211. 

Thomas Mayhew receives a com- 
mission to govern the Indians on 
Martha's Vineyard and the Eliza- 
beth Islands : they promise subjec- 
tion to the King of England, vi. 

July 24. Awasuncks, the squaw 
sachem of Saconet, promises fidelity 
to the government of Plymouth. 
v. 193. 195. 

Sep. 4. Dartmouth Indians prom- 
ise fidelity to the government of 
Plymouth, v. 194. 

Peace concluded between the 
Mohawks and the Indians of Mas- 
sachusetts, i. 167. 

1672. Mar. The Governour and Coun- 
cil of Massachusetts solicit aid for 
the College in Cambridge, vi. 95. 

Oct. 30. The General Assembly 
of Rhode- Island confirms the pur- 
chases of Humphrey Atherton and 
his associates, v. 219. 250. 

A mission attempted from Massa- 
chusetts to the Massawomeks. i. 

1673. The fort on Castle-Island in Bos- 
ton harbour burnt, and a new one 
of stone erected, iii. 298. vi. 83. 

July 30. The Dutch obtain pos- 
session of New-York. vi. 83. 

State of Massachusetts, as to 
number of inhabitants, trade, man- 
ufactures, &c. at this period, iv. 216. 

There are now six Indian churches 
in New-England, x. 124. 

1674. Mar. The General Court 
of Massachusetts orders two vessels 
to be equipped as men of war, to 
act against the Dutch in Long- 
Island Sound, vi. 88. 

The gospel has made so great a 
progress among the Indians of New- 
England, that at this period there 
are 1100 praying Indians in Massa- 
chusetts, i. 195.— 497 in Plymouth. 
i. 196.— 300 families on Martha's 
Vineyard, i. 205.— 300 praying In- 
dians on Nantucket, i. 205. 207.— 

VOL. X. 



Chronological Table. 

And above 30 adults in Connecticut. 
i. 209. 

1675. June. Philip's war begins, i. 
228. iii. 148. 171. v. 219. 224. 269. 
viii. 230. ix. 218. 

July 18. Battle in a swamp at 
Pocasset Neck between Philip and 
the Colonists, v. 270. 

Aug. 2. Brookfield burnt by the 
Indians, i. 260. 

Dec. 19. Battle of the swamp in 
the Narraganset country ; a deci- 
sive victory obtained over the In- 
dians, vi. 90. 207. 

The inhabitants of Massachusetts 
are exasperated against the praying 
Indians : Mr. Eliot and Gen. Goo- 
kin defend their cause, i. 228. viii. 

A body of Indians defeated near 
Wrentham. x. 139. 

1676. Jan. State of the hostile Indians 
in Massachusetts at this time. vi. 

Feb. 10. Lancaster assaulted by 
the Indians, vi. 207. 

Mar. 20. Marlborough assaulted 
by the Indians, iv. 46. 

Mar. 26. Capt. Pierce and his 
company cut off by the Indians, 
near Patucket River, vi. 89. 

Ap. 18. Part of Sudbury burnt 
by the Indians, v. 271. x. 87. 

Aug. 12. Philip is killed, and 
the war terminates, i. 228. iii. 149. 
v. 224. 271. 

Many parts of New-England 
much distressed by Philip's war. 
iv. 140. vi. 92. 234. 

A severe drought in New-Eng- 
land, ix. 87. 

Bacon's rebellion in Virginia, v. 

Nov. 27. A great fire in Boston, 
iii. 269. 

1677. Northfield, Hatfield, Deerfield, 
and Hadley assaulted by the In- 
dians, ii. 30. iii. 179. 

After Philip's war the hostile In- 
dians retreated from New- England. 
x. 105. 

Thirteen Salem ketches taken by 
the Eastern Indians, vi. 263. See 
Holmes' Ann. i. 443. 
1679. Feb. 12. Charles II. writes to the 
colonies of New-England, and com- 
mands them forthwith to make 
their right and title, both of soil 
and government, to the Narragan- 
set country, to appear before him at 
Whitehall, v. 219. 221. 

Aug. 8. A great fire in Boston, 
iii. 269. iv. 189. 

Sep. 10. A Synod holden at Bos- 
ton, vi. 263. vii. 25. 

The first Baptist meeting-house 
in Boston built, iii. 259. 

1680. New-Hampshire separated from 
Massachusetts, and made a royal 
province, iv. 87. vi. 92. 

July. State of Connecticut at 
this period, as to government, num- 
ber of towns, military forces, trade, 
produce, religion, Indians, &c. iv. 
220. ix. 78. 

New-England contains eighty 
churches, iv. 123. 

The Mohawks kill and captivate 
a number of the New-England In- 
dians, iii. 180. 

Appeals, which, in Virginia, had 
heretofore been made from the Gen- 
eral Court to the General Assem- 
bly, ordered to be made to the King 
in council, v. 139. 151. 

1681. Feb. Randolph exhibits to the 
Lords of the Council articles of high 
misdemeanor against a part of the 
General Court of Massachusetts, 
i. 229. 

1682. Oct. 11. The General Court of 
Massachusetts grants William Hub- 
bard fifty pounds for writing his 
history, x. 187. 

1683. Ap. 17. Charles II. appoints 
commissioners to examine into the 
right, which the several persons 
claiming it have to the Narraganset 
country. v ; 219. 232. 

Aug. 22. The commissioners first 
assemble in the Narraganset coun- 
try ; but their proceedings are in- 
terdicted by the Legislature of 
Rhode-Island, v. 236. 

Oct. 20. The commissioners re- 
port, that the government of the 
Narraganset country belongs to 
Connecticut, and the soil to Hum- 
phrey Atherton and associates, v. 
220. 235. 

Oct. A great fire in Boston, iii. 

1684. At this period the Indians had 
of stated places of publick worship, 
four in Massachusetts, ten in Ply- 
mouth, ten in Martha's Vineyard, 
and five in Nantucket, iii. 185. 

The house of Assembly in Vir- 
ginia formerly chose their own 
clerk ; but he is now appointed by 
the Governour. v. 141. 147. 

1685. At this period there are 1439 
adult Christian Indians in the col- 
ony of Plymouth, i. 201. 

Oct. 8. James II. by commis- 
sion constitutes a President and 
Council for Massachusetts, New- 
Hampshire, Maine, and the Narra- 
ganset country, v. 220. 244. 

1686. Many Protestant families, ban- 

General Table of Contents. 


ished from France by the revocation 
of the edict of Nantz, come to 
America, i. 264. vi. 265. 

(June 1. Last election holden at 
Plymouth, iii. 16. 
June. Plymouth at this time 
contains twenty towns, viii. 152. 

Second edition of Eliot's Indian 
Bible completed, iii. 187. 

The first Episcopal church in Bos- 
ton formed, iii. 259. 
87. There are in New-England six 
churches of baptized Indians, and 
eighteen assemblies of catechu- 
mens, i. 195. v. 264. 
589. War with the eastern Indians, 
iv. 141. 143. 

June 27. Dover assaulted by the 
Indians, x. 54. 

The small pox in Boston, iv. 213. 

Sir Edmund Andros, Governour 
of Massachusetts, is seized and im- 
prisoned by the people : he makes 
his escape and goes to Rhode- 
Island, where he is again impris- 
oned, and delivered up to the peo- 
ple of Massachusetts, iii. 194. 243. 
v. 220. viii. 67. ix. 272. 

A Convention is called in Massa- 
chusetts, to manage the affairs of 
government, ix. 272. 

Agents are sent from Massachu- 
setts to England, to solicit the con- 
firmation of the ancient charter, 
ix. 272. 
90* Sir William Phips takes pos- 
session of the country between 
Penobscot and Port-Royal, ix. 231. 

July 6. Action at Wheeler's Pond 
in New- Hampshire, between a party 
of English colonists and a body of 
French and Indians, v. 272. 

There are 4310 Indians from Mas- 
sachusetts to Canso, at this time. 
ix. 234. 

Whale fishery begins at Nan- 
tucket in boats from the shore : be- 
fore this period it had existed at 
Cape Cod. iii. 157. 161. 
91. Ap. 28. from Mar. 14, 1689. Con- 
ferences of Dr. Increase Mather, 
agent of Massachusetts, with the 
King and Queen of England, ix. 

The King grants the second char- 
ter to Massachusetts, ix. 273. 

William and Mary College in 
Virginia founded, v. 159. 164. 
;92. Jan. 25. York destroyed by the 
Indians, i. 104. iii. 8. 

May 14. Massachusetts' second 
charter arrives, iii. 194. vi. 272. 

Plymouth annexed to Massachu- 
setts, iii. 194. 

June 7. Port- Royal in Jamaica 

destroyed by an earthquake, iv. 
223. A malignant fever follows, 
and spreads over the Island, iv. 230. 

June 10. Wells attacked by the 
French and Indians, iii. 139. 

Several persons executed in Mas- 
sachusetts for witchcraft, v. 61. 
vi. 234. 265. vii. 241. 

Number of the Indians on Mar- 
tha's Vineyard at this period, i. 205. 

1693. Aug. 11. Treaty concluded at 
Pemaquid between the Indians and 
the Massachusetts government, ix. 

Number of Indians in the old 
colony of Plymouth at this time. i. 
201. viii. 171. 

James Blair, President of Wil- 
liam and Mary College, put into the 
Council of Virginia by the King, as 
representative of the clergy of the 
province : he is suspended by Sir 
Edmund Andros, the Governour, 
in 1694. v. 145 

1694. Nantucket at this time contains 
about 500 adult Indians, i. 207. 

1695. Oct. 22. A church gathered in 
Dorchester, Massachusetts, which 
settles Dorchester in South Caro- 
lina, ix. 156. 

1697. State of Virginia at this period. 
v. 124. 

Sep. 11. Peace of Ryswick. vi. 

1698. June. Between three and four 
thousand Indians remain in Massa- 
chusetts, exclusive of Maine, x. 
129—134. See Holmes' Ann. ii. 
45, where the estimate is too large. 

Stoughton Hall in Cambridge 
built, vii. 5. 

A great fire in Salem, vi. 234. 

1699. The church in Brattle- street, 
Boston, erected, with a constitution 
differing from that of the other 
Congregational churches in New- 
England, iii. 260. ix. 17. x. 35. 

1702. The small pox spread through 
Boston, iv. 213. 

Aug. Great mortality at New- 
York, ix. 195. 

First furnace for smelting iron 
ore in the county of Plymouth 
erected at Pembroke, ix. 258. 

1703. Northfield destroyed by the In- 
dians, ii. 31. 

War begins with the eastern In- 
dians, x. 114. See Holmes' Ann. 
ii. 61. 

Duty imposed by the Legislature 
of Massachusetts on negroes im- 
ported, iv. 196. 

1704. Feb. 29. Deerfield destroyed by 
the Indians, iv. 57. 

Ap. 24. Number i. of the Bos- 


Chronological Table. 

ton News-Letter, the first newspa- 
per published in America, printed. 
v. 208. vi. 66. 

Aug. 8. Westborough assaulted 
by the Indians, x, 86. 

A law passed in Maryland for the 
support of the clergy, vii. 174. 
1707. Expedition against Port-Royal, 
viii. 67. 

1709. The General Assembly of Rhode- 
Island dispossesses the heirs of 
Humphrey Atherton and his asso- 
ciates of their rights and properties 
in the Narraganset country, v. 252. 

Thomas Short first erects a print- 
ing press in Connecticut, v. 216. 

1710. Quakers build a meeting house 
in Boston, iii. 260. 

Oct. 2. Port- Royal in Nova- 
Scotia is surrendered to the Eng- 
lish, vi. 120. 

1711. Oct. 2. A great fire in Boston, 
iii. 269. iv. 188. 211. v. 52. 

1713. Mar. Peace of Utrecht: Cape 
Breton yielded to France, v. 202. 
Nova-Scotia ceded to Great-Britain, 
vi. 130. The Five Nations of In- 
dians declared to be subject to 
Great-Britain, vi. 131. 

July. War with the eastern In- 
dians ends. x. 114. 

The measles in Boston, iv. 213. 

Dec. The Episcopalians in Bos- 
ton petition the Queen to establish 
Bishops in America, vii. 215. 

1714. Drought in New-England, ix. 

Schooners invented at Cape Anne, 
ix. 234. 

1716. Aurora Borealis first seen in Eng- 
land, ii. 14. See Holmes' Ann. ii. 

1717. Feb. 18—24. The great snow in 
New- England, ii. 12. v. 209. vii. 
58. viii. 176. ix. 196. 

The pirate Bellamy's fleet ship- 
wrecked on the shore of Eastham. 
iii. 120. 

1719. Dec. 11. Aurora Borealis first 
seen in New-England, ii. 17. 

1720. Massachusetts government erects 
a Fort at Georges, iv. 20. 

Massachusetts Hall erected at 
Cambridge, vii. 5. 

Martha's Vineyard at this time 
contains about 800 Indians, i. 206. 

The Weekly Mercury, the first 
newspaper published in Philadel- 
phia, vi. 64. 

Dec. 18. The Boston Gazette, 
the second newspaper published in 
New- England, first printed, v. 209. 
vi. 66. 

1721. July 17. The New -England 
Courant, the third newspaper pub- 

lished in New-England, first printed 
at Boston, v. 209. vi. 66. 

The small pox spread through 
Boston, iv. 213. v. 207. 

Inoculation for the small pox first 
practised in Boston, iii. 291. iv. 
213. ix. 276. 278. 

1722. Jan. 14. The General Court of 
Massachusetts pass an order against 
James Franklin, the printer of the 
New-England Courant. vi. 64. 

War begins with the eastern In- 
dians, x. 114. 

French and Indians make an un- 
successful attempt to take the Fort 
at Georges, iv. 20. 

1723. Fore Dummer built, iii. 106. 

1724. Feb. 24. Storm and uncommon 
high tide in New- England, ii. 11. 

May, June. Governour Shute 
heard before the Lords of the Privy 
Council on his complaint against 
the House of Representatives of 
Massachusetts, ii. 32. 

Aug. 12. Successful expedition 
against Norridgewock, an Indian 
town on the Kennebeck. ix. 209. 

1725. War with the eastern Indians 
ends. x. 114. 

1726. Aug. 5. Lieut. Gov. Dummer 
makes peace with the Penobscot 
and other Indians, iii. 106. 140. 
vi. 108. 

Sep. The Governour of Canada 
endeavours to excite the eastern In- 
dians to make war on the inhab- 
itants of New-England, vi. 112. 

Nov. 2. John Baptiste, his son, 
and three Indians, who had taken a 
sloop of Samuel Daly at Malegash, 
Aug. 25, executed at Boston as 
pirates, vi. 110. 

There are 505 Indians from Mas- 
sachusetts to Canso at this time. 
ix. 234. 

1727. Jan. 5. The Weekly News- 
Letter, the fourth newspaper pub- 
lished in New-England, first printed 
in Boston, v. 209. vi. 66. 

Mar. 27. The New -England 
Journal, the fifth newspaper pub- 
lished in New-England, first printed 
at Boston, v. 209. vi. 66. 

July. Lieut. Gov. Dummer rati- 
fies with the Norridgewock, Aresa- 
guntacook, and Wawenech tribes, 
the peace which was made last year 
with the Penobscot Indians, vi. 

Oct. 29. Earthquake in New- 
England, ix. 176. 197. x. 50. 
1729. Capt. Henry Atkins makes dis- 
coveries on the coast of Labrador, 
i. 233. 

Measles in Boston, iv. 214. 

Chronological Table. 


730. Rhode-Island at this time con- 
tains 985 Indians, i. 210. 

A Presbyterian church formed in 
Boston, hi- 262. 

The small pox spreads through 
Boston, iv. 214. 

Fishery nourishes greatly at Cape 
Breton, v. 202. 
31. The French erect a fort at Crown- 
Point, vi. 135. 
5T32. Oct. 1st week. The Rhode- 
Island Gazette is the first news- 
paper printed in Rhode-Island, v. 
33. July 30. The first Lodge of Free- 
Masons in America holden at Bos- 
ton, hi. 273. 
J35 and 1736. An eruptive miliary 
fever and throat distemper prevail 
in New-England, iv. 214. x. 50. 
37. A mob in Boston destroys the 

market house, hi. 255. 
740= Attleborough Gore and several 
towns taken from Massachusetts, 
and annexed to Rhode-Island, i. 
J42. Faneuil Hall in Boston erected. 
iii. 253. 

The Shawanese instigate the 
Nanticokes to fall on the English 
inhabitants of Maryland : their 
machinations are timely discovered 
and defeated, vii. 199. 

44. Ap. 9. Judge Auchmuty pro- 
poses to the British ministry an ex- 
pedition against Cape-Breton, v. 

The Quaker members of the 
House of Assembly in Pennsylva- 
nia refuse to assent to a militia law 
for the defence of the province, vii. 

June 24. Capt. Tyng takes a 
French privateer, x. 182. 

June and July. A treaty holden 
by the Commissioners of Maryland, 
Virginia, and Pennsylvania, with 
the Six Nations, at Lancaster in 
Pennsylvania, vii. 178—200. 

45. Mar. 24. General Pepperell sails 
from Boston with troops on an ex- 
pedition against Cape-Breton, i. 13. 

Ap. 4. Arrives at Canso. i. 14. 

Ap. Commodore Warren arrives 
on the coast of Cape-Breton, i. 21. 

Ap. 29. General Pepperell sails 
from Canso. Ap. 30. Arrives at 
Chappeaurouge bay. May 1 . Lands 
his troops May 2. Takes posses- 
sion of the grand battery, i. 26. 
May 7. Sends a summons to the 
commanding officer of Louisbourg. 
i. 27. 

May. Erects light-house, and 
other batteries, i. 30. 

May 28. Before this date, makes 
five unsuccessful attempts on the 
island battery, i. 35. 109. 

May 19. The Vigilant, a French 
man of war, taken near Louisbourg.. 
i. 31. 39. 43. x. 182. 

June 15. Duchambon, Gover- 
nour of Louisbourg, desires a sus- 
pension of arms. i. 45. 

June 16. Louisbourg is surren- 
dered, i. 47. 

About this time slaves are more 
numerous in Massachusetts, than in 
any period before or since, iv. 199. 

1746. Aug. 20. Fort Massachusetts 
taken by the French, vi. 135. 

Epidemical fever prevails in Bos- 
ton, iv. 214. 

1747. Parliament votes to reimburse 
Massachusetts and other colonies 
their expenses in the expedition 
against Cape- Breton, i. 57. 

Iron ore discovered in Assowam- 
set pond : it has since been discov- 
ered in other ponds in the neigh- 
bourhood, iii. 175. ix. 254. 

Dec. 9. The court-house in Bos- 
ton burnt, i. 3. iii. 250. 269. 

1748. Ap. 6. Sketch of the history of 
Nova- Scotia, from 1710, the state of 
the civil government, and the char- 
acter of the Acadians. vi. 120. 

Before and at this period, the 
French make encroachments on the 
British colonies in America, vi. 
130. vii. 70. 

Oct. 7. Treaty of Aix la Chap- 
elle. vii. 70. ix. 219. 224. 

1749. May and June. Severe drought 
in New-England, vii. 239. 

The putrid sore throat prevails in 
Massachusetts, v. 275. 

Oct. 16. Treaty concluded at 
Falmouth with the Penobscot and 
other Indians, ix. 218. 220. 

489 vessels entered at the port of 
Boston, and 504 cleared out. iii. 

Halifax in Nova- Scotia settled, 
iii. 96. 

1750. Paper money suppressed in Mas- 
sachusetts, and gold and silver in- 
troduced, iii. 287. 

1751. The French send an army into 
the western country of Virginia, x. 

June. M. de Villiers drives the 
English Ohio Company from the 
banks of the river, iii. 22. 

Iron ore discovered in Jones- river 
pond in Kingston, Massachusetts. 
ix. 255. 

1752. The small pox spreads through 
Boston, v. 208. 

1753. The Governour of New- York is 


Chronological Table. 

instructed by the King to demand 
of the Assembly permanent salaries 
for the Governour, Judges, &c. vii. 
80. — Oct. 31. De Lancey, the 
Lieut. Gov. makes the demand, 
vii. 82. 

The French begin to make settle- 
ments on the banks of the Ohio. v. 
120. vii. 70. 

Oct. 31. Dinwiddie, Lieut. Gov. 
of Virginia, writes to the command- 
ant of the French forces on the 
Ohio, complaining of encroachments 
and acts of hostility : Major George 
Washington is the bearer of the 
letter, vii. 71. 

Dec. 15. The commandant on 
the Ohio asserts the right of the 
French to the lands in that country, 
vii. 71. 

The Governour of Virginia com- 
plains to the British Court of the 
encroachments of the French, and 
solicits aid from the neighbouring 
governours. vii. 72. 
1754. Jan. Great sickness in Holliston : 
one eighth of the inhabitants died, 
iii. 19. 

Feb. The Assembly of Virginia 
passes an act to raise three hundred 
men for an expedition to the Ohio : 
the command is given to Col. George 
Washington, vii. 73. 

Ap. 17. M. Contrecoeur obliges 
Capt. Trent to abandon a fort erect- 
ed on the forks of the Mononga- 
hela. iii. 22. vi. 139. 

May 1. Col. Washington begins 
his march to the Ohio. vii. 73. 

May 28. Col. Washington has a 
skirmish with the French : kills ten, 
and makes twenty prisoners, vii. 

June 18. A Congress is holden 
at Albany for the purposes of treat- 
ing with the Six Nations, and of 
concerting a scheme for a general 
union of the British colonies, iv. 
57. vii. 75. It proposes a plan of 
union, vii. 203. 

July 3. Col. Washington is de- 
feated by the French and Indians, 
vii. 73. 

Sep. Gov. Shirley erects forts 
on the Kennebeck. vii. 88. 

Oct. The government of Con- 
necticut disapproves the plan of 
union proposed by the Congress of 
Albany, vii. 207—214. 

Oct. 24. Daniel Fowle, printer 
in Boston, is imprisoned for print- 
ing a satire on the General Court. 
vi. 69. 

The Susquehanna and Delaware 
companies of Connecticut purchase 

of the Six Nations lands between 
those rivers : the General Assembly 
of the colony asserts its claim to the 
lands, and a township is settled, vii. 

A College founded at New-York, 
vii. 89. 

1755. Jan. 1. The first newspaper pub- 
lished in Connecticut is the Con- 
necticut Gazette, vi. 76. 

It is intended by persons of con- 
sequence in the British Court, that 
the colonies should be governed 
like Ireland, vi. 129. 

Gov. Shirley communicates to the 
Assembly of Massachusetts a design 
of attacking Crown- Point, vii. 88, 

Ap. 14. Gen. Braddock meets a 
Convention of the American Gov 
ernors at Alexandria, vii. 89. 

June 16. The New -England 
troops obtain possession of Beau 
sejour and Bay Verte on the Isth- 
mus of Nova- Scotia, vii. 91. 

The Acadians are transported 
from Nova- Scotia, vi. 190. 

July 9. Gen. Braddock's army 
defeated by the Indians at the head 
of Turtle-creek, iii. 23. vii. 92. 

Aug. Fort Edward begun by 
Gen. Lyman, vii. 104. 

Sep. 8. Baron Dieskau defeated 
by Gen. Johnson at Lake George 
vii. 107. viii. 48. 

Sept. 27. A designed expedition 
against Fort Niagara is given up 
by the advice of a council of war. 
vii. 122. 

Oct. The fortifications at Oswego 
are strengthened, vii. 123. 

Nov. 18. Great earthquake in IE, 
New-England, iv. 231. 

Dec. 3. The Governour of New- 
York recommends to the Assembly 
to settle permanent salaries on the 
Governour, Judges, &c. vii. 129 

The Assembly refuses to comply 
with the recommendation, vii. 130. it 

Dec. 12. Grand council of war 
convenes at New- York, for settling 
the military operations for 1756. 
vii. 130. 

British subjects in America esti- 
mated at one million, fifty-one 
thousand, vii. 220. 

Pequot tribe consists of 72 per- 
sons above 14 years of age. x. 101 

1756. Massachusetts is greatly impov 
erished by the charges of the Crown- ill, 
Point expedition, vi. 47. 

Jan. Gov. Shirley with difficulty 
prevails on the General Court ol 
Massachusetts to raise troops for the 
military operations of this year. vi. 
40. vii. 139. 

Chronological Table, 


Feb. 2. Parliament makes a 
grant to the colonies on account of 
the expenses incurred in the Crown- 
Point expedition, vi. 47. 

Number of troops raised this year 
in Massachusetts, vi. 40. 

Ap. 1. Two bills pass in New- 
York, one for paying the debts due 
from the province, and the other 
for levying forces, vii. 130. 145. 

Massachusetts contains about 
40,000 fighting men : the militia of 
Connecticut is about 27,000. vii. 

Canada probably does not contain 
30,000 fighting men. vii. 161. 

A designed attempt on Fort Du 
Quesne is given up. vii. 151. 

The Shawanese, Susquehannas, 
and Delawares commit hostilities 
on Virginia and Pennsvlvania. vii. 
152. 153. 

July 3. Action near Oswego be- 
tween the batteaux men under Capt. 
Bradstreet, and the French, vii. 155. 

Aug. 14. Fort Oswego taken by 
the French, vii. 15.8. 

Sep. 11. General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts instructs its agent to re- 
monstrate against the impressing of 
its seamen, vi. 97. 

Oct. 7. The New-Hampshire 
Gazette, the first newspaper in New- 
Hampshire, printed at Portsmouth. 
v. 215. 

The New-England forces under 
Gen. Winslow are employed this 
year in garrisoning Fort Edward, 
Fort William-Henry, and other for- 
tresses, vi. 34. 
758. July. Capt. Henry Atkins makes 
further discoveries on the coast of 
Labrador, i. 235. 

Nov. 24. Fort Du Quesne aban- 
doned by the French : it is taken 
possession of by Gen. Forkes the 
next day. iii. 22. 
r 59. Difficulties of obtaining from 
Parliament a grant to the colonies, 
for reimbursing their expenses dur- 
ing the war. vi. 44. 

The measles in Boston, iv. 215. 

Sep. 18. Quebec taken by the 
English, vi. 54. 

60. Mar. 20. The great fire in Bos- 
ton, iii. 270. iv. 189. 

Sep. Final surrender of Canada 
to Gen. Amherst, vi. 54. 

61. Parliament grants to Massachu- 
setts a compensation for its expenses 
this year. vi. 191. 

The Niantick tribe consists of 85 
persons, x. 104. 

Ninegret's tribe of Indians con- 
sists of 248 persons, x. 104. 

1762. Number of shipping and seamen 
in Connecticut at this time. vii. 235. 

Number of inhabitants in Con- 
necticut at this time. vii. 236. 

1763. Feb. 10. Peace concluded at 
Paris between Great- Britain,France, 
&c. ix. 226. 

The government of Massachusetts 
directs their agent to apply to Par- 
liament for a reimbursement of the 
expense of supporting the French 
neutrals from Nova-Scotia, vi. 189. 

There is an intention in the Brit- 
ish Court of keeping up ten thou- 
sand troops in America, vi. 194. 

Number of inhabitants in Massa- 
chusetts at this period, iv. 198. 

State of the cod and whale fish- 
eries in Massachusetts at this time, 
viii. 202. 

905 Indians remain in the old col- 
ony of Plymouth, i. 201. 

313 in Duke's county, i. 206. 

Aug. 16. 358 Indians still re- 
main on Nantucket ; but at this 
time a fever begins among them, 
and lasts till the 16th of Feb. 1764. 
222 die. i. 207. iii. 158. At the 
same time the blue fish disappears 
from the coast, iii. 159. 

1764. Number of Indians in Massachu- 
setts at this time. i. 195. 

Duty laid by Parliament on for- 
eign molasses imported into the 
British colonies, vi. 193. 194. 

The agent of Massachusetts ap- 
plies to Parliament to take off the 
discouragement on .the whale fish- 
ery, vi. 195. 

Mar. Mr. Grenville proposes in 
Parliament the laying of stamp du- 
ties on the American colonies, ix. 

June 14. The House of Repre- 
sentatives of Massachusetts instructs 
its agent to remonstrate against the 
proposed stamp duties, ix. 271. 

Small pox spreads through Bos- 
ton, iv. 215. 

After the conquest of Canada, it 
was under military government till 
this period, when civil government 
takes place, vi. 54. 

Winter. Harvard Hall in Cam- 
bridge burnt, i. 3. vii. 5. x. 188. 

1765. Jan. 10. Stamp act passed, ii. 
41. iii. 244. 

Aug. 14. A mob first assembles 
in Boston to oppose the stamp act. 
ii. 43. 

Aug. 26. Gov. Hutchinson's 
house destroyed by a mob. i. 3. 

1766. March 18. Parliament r< 
the stamp act, and passes the de- 
claratory act. ii. 43. 


Chronological Table. 

1767. Parliament passes an act impos- 
ing a duty on tea, &c. ii. 43. 

Nov. Commissioners of the cus- 
toms arrive at Boston, ii. 43. iii. 

An attempt, which fails, is made 
by the Legislature of Massachusetts 
to discourage the slave trade, iv. 

1768. Feb. 11. The General Court of 
Massachusetts writes a Circular Let- 
ter to the American Colonies, ii. 

June 10. The commissioners of 
the customs seize a wine vessel be- 
longing to John Hancock, Esq. ii. 

Aug. 4. Gov. Bernard dissolves 
the Massachusetts General Court 
on its refusing to rescind the Circu- 
lar Letter, ii. 43. 

Aug. The Boston merchants 
agree not to import any more Brit- 
ish goods, till the revenue act is re- 
pealed, ii. 43. 

Sept. 22. A Convention of Dele- 
gates from the towns of Massachu- 
setts meets at Boston, ii. 44. 

Sep. 28. British troops arrive at 
Boston, ii. 44. 

Nov. 10. More British troops ar- 
rive at Boston, ii. 44. 

1769. The town of Boston petitions the 
King. ii. 44. 

John Wesley sends two Metho- 
dist preachers to America, iii. 265. 

1770. The Boston merchants renew the 
non- importation agreement, ii. 44. 

Mar. 5. Riots in Boston : several 
of the inhabitants killed by the 
British troops, ii. 44. iii. 244. 

Ap. The use of tea laid aside in 
Boston, ii. 44. 

May 30. Election of counsellors 
for Massachusetts holden at Cam- 
bridge, ii. 44. vii. 35. 

Sep. 10. Gov. Hutchinson de- 
livers Castle William to Col. Dal- 
rymple, commander of the British 
troops, ii. 45. 

A negro slave in Massachusetts 
sues his master for his freedom, and 
obtains it: other suits afterwards 
instituted, and terminated favour- 
ably, iv. 202. 

1771. May 11. Thomas Hutchinson, 
appointed Governour of Massachu- 
setts, receives his salary from the 
crown, ii. 45. 

Many of the fishermen of Mar- 
blehead are lost at sea. viii. 57. 

Twenty-five newspapers are now 
printed in America, says Dr. Frank- 
lin: there are probably more. v. 

1772. June 9. The King's armed schoon- 
er, Gaspee, burnt by a mob at 
Rhode-Island, ii. 45. 

Expedition against the Caraibs at 
St. Vincents, ii. 45. 

Measles in Boston, iv. 215. 

Nov. 22. A committee of corres- 
pondence first chosen in Boston, 
ii. 45. See Holmes' Ann. ii. 300. 

1773. Tea Act passed, iii. 244. 
June 23. The General Court of 

Massachusetts petitions the King to 
remove Gov. Hutchinson and Lieut. 
Gov. Oliver, ii. 45. iii. 109. 

Dec. 16. Three cargoes of tea 
destroyed by a mob in Boston, ii. 
45. iii. 244. 

Dec. Commissioners appointed 
by the King to inquire into the 
burning of the schooner Gaspee. 
ii. 45. 

587 vessels entered at the port of 
Boston, and 411 cleared, iii. 288. 

1774. Jan. 1. Connecticut at this time 
contains 1363 Indians, i. 210. vii. 
237. ix. 78. x. 117. 

Jan. An act passes the two 
Houses in Massachusetts, prohibit- 
ing the importation of slaves ; but 
it does not obtain the Governour's 
assent, iv. 202. 

Jan. 29. The petition against 
Gov. Hutchinson and Lieut. Gov. 
Oliver is dismissed by King and, p 
Council, ii. 46. iii. 114. 

150 vessels employed in the whale 
fishery at Nantucket, iii. 161. 

The fishermen of Massachusetts 
first adventure to the Falkland 
Islands in pursuit of whales, iuv 
199. iv. 233. 

May 14. Gen. Gage, Governour 
of Massachusetts, arrives at Boston, 
ii. 46. 

June 1. The port of Boston shut 
up by act of Parliament, ii. 46. 
iii. 116. 244. viii. 59. 

June 6. The inhabitants of Mar- 
blehead offer their publick build- 
ings and stores to the inhabitants of 
Boston, affected by the Port-Bill, 
viii. 59. 

June. The General Court of 
Massachusetts is holden at Salem : 
at the close of the session five dele- 
gates are chosen to attend a Con- 
gress in Philadelphia, ii. 46. 

The Constitution of Massachu- 
setts altered by act of Parliament, 
ii. 46. iii. 117. 

Quebec bill passed by Parliament, 
vi. 48. 

June. Rhode-Island at this time 
contains 1482 Indians, i, 210. x, 



Chronological Table. 


Sep. 5. First Continental Con- 
gress convenes at Philadelphia, ii. 
46. hi. 244. 

Oct. State of Connecticut at 
this period, as to government, trade, 
population, &c. vii. 231. 

A voluntary committee formed in 
Boston for the purpose of watching 
the movements of the British troops. 
v. 106. 
75. Jan. 20. Lord Chatham moves 
an address to the King to remove 
the troops from Boston, ii. 47. 

March. Lord North's concilia- 
tory plan is received at Philadel- 
phia, ii. 48. 

Pive newspapers published in 
Boston at this period, vi 75. 

Ap. 19. The Battle of Lexing- 
ton commences the American war. 
i. 107. 241. ii. 48. hi. 244. v. 107— 
110. vi. 157. 

The inhabitants of Boston deliver 
up their fire arms to Gen. Gage, 
ii. 48. 

May 5. Massachusetts provincial 
Congress renounces Gen. Gage as 
Governour. ii. 49. 

May 10. Col. Ethan Allen takes 
Ticonderoga : the same day Crown- 
Point is taken by Col. Seth Warner, 
ii. 49. 

May 25. The Generals Howe, 
Burgoyne and Clinton arrive at 
Boston, ii. 49. 

June. The American army, in 
the neighbourhood of Boston, con- 
sists at this time of 20,000 men. vi. 

June 12. Gen. Gage declares 
the province of Massachusetts to be 
in a state of rebellion, ii. 49. 

June 17. Battle of Bunker-hill : 
Charlestown is burnt, ii. 49. iii. 
243. 244. vi. 159. 

July 2. Gen. Washington ar- 
rives at Cambridge, and takes the 
command of the American army, 
ii. 49. iii. 244. vi. 160. 

July 6. Continental Congress 
declares the causes and necessity of 
taking up arms. ii. 50. 

July 20. The first Continental 
Past is kept throughout the United 
Colonies, ii. 55. 

Aug. Paper money first issued 
by Congress, ii. 56. 

The Dysentery prevails in Massa- 
chusetts, v. 275. 

Sep. Northern army under Gen- 
erals Schuyler and Montgomery or- 
dered to advance into Canada, ii. 
55. vi. 160. 

Sep. Gen. Gage embarks for 
England, and Sir "William Howe 

becomes commander in chief of the 
British troops, ii. 56. 

Sep. 18. Fort Chamblee is sur- 
rendered to Major Brown, ii. 56. 

Oct. 7. Bristol in Rhode-Island 
is cannonaded by Capt. Wallace, 
ii. 56. 

Oct. 16. Falmouth is burnt by 
Capt. Mo watt. ii. 58. 

Oct. 27. Dr. Benjamin Church, 
suspected of a treasonable corres- 
pondence with the enemy, is exam- 
ined before the House of Represent- 
atives of Massachusetts, i. 84. 

Nov. 2. Gen. Montgomery takes 
St John's, ii. 58. vi. 161. 

Nov. Col. Ethan Allen attempts 
to reduce Montreal, but is taken 
prisoner, ii. 58. 

Nov. Montreal is taken by Gen. 
Montgomery, ii. 58. vi. 161. 

Nov. 7. Second petition of Con- 
gress is laid before the House of 
Lords, ii. 58. 

Nov. 11. Col. Arnold arrives at 
Point Levi, opposite Quebec, ii. 59. 

Nov. 29. Capt. Manly takes an 
ordnance vessel, ii. 60. 

Dec. 10. Battle of Gwynn's- 
Island in Virginia, ii. 60. 

Dec. Parliament declares the 
colonies to be in a state of rebellion, 
ii. 63. 

Dec. 31. An unsuccessful attempt 
is made against Quebec : Gen. 
Montgomery is killed, and Col. Ar- 
nold taken prisoner, ii. 59. vi. 161. 

Gen. Montgomery is not buried 
with the honours of war. i. 112. 

Old South Church in Boston con- 
verted into a military riding school, 
i. 3. 

African lodge of black masons is 
begun in Boston, iv. 210. 

The inhabitants of the United 
States are at this time, by the 
French, called Bostonians. vi. 150. 
1776. Jan. 1. The enlistment of the 
American troops near Boston ex- 
pires, and the army is reduced from 
20.000 to less than 5,000 men. vi. 

Jan. 1. Norfolk in Virginia de- 
stroyed, ii. 61. 

Feb. 6. Capt. Eseck Hopkins 
sails on an expedition to New- 
Providence, ii. 62. 

Feb. Gen. Clinton sails from 
Boston on an expedition to Carolina, 
ii. 62. 

Mar. 5. Heights of Dorchester 
occupied by a body of American 
troops, vi. 162. ix. 162. 

Mar. 17. British troops evacuate 
Boston, i. 3. ii. 63. iii. 244. vi. 162. 

VOL. X. 



Chronological Table. 

1776. Mar. 23. Congress grants per- 
mission to fit out privateers, ii. 63. 

Mar. An action takes place in 
Nortn- Carolina between the Whigs 
and Tories : the latter sustain great 
loss. ii. 63. 

Mar. Number of inhabitants in 
Massachusetts at this period, iv. 

Ap. Gen. Clinton dispatches to 
Georgia a part of his troops, who 
are repulsed on their attempt to 
land. ii. 64. 

Ap. Gen. Washington arrives at 
New-York. vi. 162. 

Ap. Gen. Washington orders 
detachments into Canada, to sup- 
port the American troops there, vi. 

May 6. Gen. Carle ton sallies 
from Quebec, and the continental 
troops retreat to Trois-rivieres. ii. 
64. vi. 162. 

Fort at the cedars taken, ii. 64. 

June 16. Action at Trois-rivieres, 
after which the American troops l en- 
treat to Crown-Point, ii. 65. vi. 

June 28. Gen. Clinton and Sir 
Peter Parker repulsed at Sullivan's 
Island, ii. 65. vi, 163. 

June. Gen. Howe, with the 
British army, arrives at Sandy- 
Hook, ii. 67. 

July 2. Gen. Howe lands his 
army on Staten-Island. ii. 67. 

July 4. Congress declares the 
United States independent, ii. 68. 
iii. 244. vi. 164. 

July. Soon after the Declaration 
of Independence Congress sends 
three Commissioners to France, ii. 

Lord Stormont, the British Am- 
bassadour, presents a memorial to 
the Court of France against the 
American Commissioners, ii. 89. 

July 5. The King of Portugal 
prohibits all intercourse between 
his dominions and the United Col- 
onies, ii. 69. 

July 6. Congress recommends 
to the several States to settle their 
particular forms of government : 
Virginia is the first that complies 
with the recommendation, ii. 69. 

July 10. Gen. Gates takes com- 
mand in the northern department; 
orders the American troops to re- 
treat to Ticonderoga. ii. 70. vi. 

July. Admiral and Gen. Howe, 
appointed commissioners to grant 
pardons, dispatch Col. Paterson 
with letters to Gen. Washington; 

but not being properly directed, 
refuses to receive them. ii. 70. 
conduct is approved bv Congress, 
ii. 71. 

July 20. Col. Paterson has a 
second interview with Gen. Wash- 
ington, ii. 71. 

Aug. 12. Two divisions of Ger- 
man troops arrive in the harbour o* 
New- York. ii. 72. 

Aug. 13. Earl of Dunmore leaves 
the coast of Virginia, which he had 
been harrassing, and arrives at 
Staten-Island : Generals Clinton 
and Cornwallis, and Sir Peter Par- 
ker had arrived a few days before, 
ii. 72. 

Aug. 16. An unsuccessful at- 
tempt is made to destroy several 
British men of war in Hudson's 
river with two fire-ships, ii. 72. 

Aug. Lieut. Col. Zedwitz de- 
tected in carrying on a correspond- 
ence with Gov. Tryon. ii. 72. 

Aug. 22. Gen. Howe lands his 
army on Long-Island, ii. 73. vi. 

Aug. 27. Battle of Long-Island, 
ii. 74. vi. 165. 

Aug. 28. British troops attack 
the American lines on Long- Island, 
ii. 74. 

Aug. 29. Gen. Washington re- 
treats from Long- Island to New- 
York, ii. 74. vi. 165. 

Sep. 11. A committee of Con- 
gress hold a conference with Lord 
Howe at Staten-Island. ii. 75. vi. 

Sep. 15. Gen. Washington aban- 
dons New- York, of which Gen. 
Howe takes possession, ii. 76. vi. 

Sep. 19. The British Commis- 
sioners publish a declaration to the 
inhabitants of the United States, ii. 

Sep. 20. Part of New- York is 
destroyed by fire. ii. 77. 

Sep. 23. An unsuccessful at- 
tempt is made to surprise a British 
guard on Montresor's Island, ii. 77. 

Sep. Several Cherokee towns are 
destroyed by the Carolinians, and 
many Indians captivated and killed." 
ii. 77. 

Sep. Congress resolves to raise 
an army of 75,000 men, to serve for 
three years, or during the war. ii, 

Oct. Congress resolves to bor- 
row money, and establishes loan 
offices in the several States, ii. 7& 

Oct. 13. Battle between the 
British and American fleets on Lake 




Champlain : the British become 
masters of the Lake. ii. 79. vi. 163. 

Oct. 20. The British regain pos- 
session of Crown-Point, ii. 79. vi. 

Oct. A party of about a hundred 
under Major Rogers is entirely rout- 
ed by a party of Continentals, ii. 80. 

Oct. Congress passes sundry res- 
olutions respecting a navy. ii. 80. 

Oct. 12. Gen. Howe iands his 
army on Frog-neck. ii. 81. 82. 

Oct. Skirmish near Rochelle. ii. 
81. 82. 

Oct. 28. Battle of White Plains. 
ii. 81. 82. 

Nov. 16. Port Washington taken, 
ii. 81. 83. vi. 165. 

Nov. 18. Gen. Greene abandons 
Fort Lee, which falls into the hands 
of Lord Comwallis. ii. 81. 83. vi. 

Nov. Gen. Carleton, with his 
whole force, abandons Crown- Point. 
ii. 80. 

Nov. 24. Lord Cornwallis takes 
possession of Newark, ii. 81. 

Nov. 28. Action in New-Jersey 
between a body of the British and 
a party of the Pennsylvania militia. 
ii. 83. 

Nov. Congress resolves to raise 
money by a lottery, ii. 83. 

Dec. 8. British troops take pos- 
session of Newport, ii. 84. 

Dec. Gen. Washington, with 
the American army, now reduced 
to a small number, crosses the Del- 
aware, ii. 84. vi. 165. 

Dec. 13. Gen. Lee is taken pris- 
oner, ii. 85. 

Dec. 15. Action near Great- 
bridge, Williamsburgh, Virginia, 
ii. 85. 

Dec. 19. King's Commissioners 
at New- York publish another pro- 
clamation, ii. 86. 

Dec. Congress, apprehensive that 
the royal army will obtain posses- 
sion of Philadelphia, publishes an 
address to the people, ii. 87. 

Dec. Congress removes to Balti- 
more, ii. 87. 

Dec. 26. Battle of Trenton, ii. 
88. iii. 244. vi. 166. viii. 80. 

Dec. Congress confers on Gen. 
Washington ample powers, for the 
term of six months, to reform and 
new model the military arrange- 
ments, ii. 89. " 

Marine salt first made by the sun 
in the county of Barnstable, viii. 
77. Jan. 3. Battle of Princeton, ii. 
90. vi. 166. viii. 80. 

Jan. 23. Action in New-Jersey 
between Lieut. Col. Parker and a 
party of the royalists, ii. 91. 

Jan. 26. Gen. Dickinson defeats 
a party of 500 royalists near Som- 
erset Court- House, ii. 91. 

Feb. 13. Action at Quibbletown. 
ii. 92. 

Feb. 10. Skirmish near King's 
bridge, ii. 92. 

Feb. 17. Ameiican piracy bill 
passed bv Parliament, ii. 92. 

Feb. 21. Sir Joseph Yorke, Brit- 
ish ambassad&ur, presents a memo- 
rial to the States General of Hol- 
land, complaining of the conduct of 
the Governour of St. Eustatius. ii. 

Feb. States General of Holland 
order the equipment of a number 
of ships of war. ii. 92. 

Feb. 23. Action in New- Jersey 
between Gen. Maxwell and a forag- 
aging party of the royalists, ii. 93. 

March. A small party of Conti- 
nental recruits attacked by a party 
of Indians near Fort George, ii. 93. 

March 23. Royalists under Col. 
Bird destroy Continental stores at 
Peck's-kill. ii. 94. 

Mar. 24. Skirmish in New- 
Jersey between Major Ritney and a 
party of the royalists, ii. 94. 

Ap. 5. American camp at Bound- 
brook attacked by the royalists : the 
Americans obliged to retreat, ii. 

Ap. 21. Gen. Howe issues a pro- 
clamation for levying provincial 
troops, ii. 95. 

Ap. 26. Royalists under Gov. 
Tryon destroy stores at Danbury, 
and have an action with the Conti- 
nental troops, ii. 95. 

American Commissioners in 
France make a representation to 
Lord Stormont respecting the case 
of American prisoners in England, 
ii. 93. 

Gen. Washington, in a letter to 
Gen. Howe, complains of the great 
inhumanity with which Ameiican 
prisoners, taken by the British, are 
treated, ii. 99. 

May 8. Distribution of the for- 
eign troops under Gen. Howe at 
this time. ii. 100. 

May 11. Action between apart 
of Gen. Stephens's division of Con- 
tinental troops and a party of the 
British near Bonham-town. ii. 102. 

May 25. Successful expedition 
of Col. Meigs to Long-Island, ii. 

May. Earl of Chatham makes a 



Chronological Table. 

motion in the House of Lords for 
an accommodation with. America, 
ii. 103. 
1777. June 10. Gen. Howe moves from 
Brunswick, and extends his van to 
Somerset court-house. June 20. 
Returns to Brunswick. June 22. 
Evacuates Brunswick, and retires 
to Amboy, but not without loss, 
ii. 104. vi. 167. 

June 23. Gen. Burgoyne, hav- 
ing arrived at the river Boquet, 
issues a proclamation, ii. 105. 

June. Congress resolves to form 
a corps of invalids, ii. 105. 

June 26. Gen.. Howe advances 
with his whole army from Amboy 
to Westfield, attacks Lord Stirling's 
division, and compels him to retreat, 
ii. 105. 

June 27. Gen. Howe moves to- 
wards Spank-town. ii. 106. 

July 6. Ticonderoga evacuated 
by the American troops, ii. 106. vi. 

July 13. American troops, who 
had evacuated Ticonderoga, reach 
Fort Edward, vi. 170 

July 7. Action at Hubbardstown 
between Gen. Fraser and a party of 
Continental troops, ii. 124. 

July. Gen. Burgoyne crosses 
Lake George, and encamps on the 
banks of the Hudson, ii. 107. 

July 9 and 10. Burgoyne's army 
assembles at Skneenesborough. ii. 

July 18. Gen. Prescott taken 
prisoner at Rhode-Island, ii. 107. 

July 19. Gen. Washington pub- 
lishes a manifesto, in answer to Bur- 
goyne's proclamation, ii. 107. 

July 22. Gen. Howe embarks with 
an army for Chesapeak Bay. ii. 108. 

Sir John Collier repulsed in an 
attack on Machias. iii. 146. 

Aug. Fort Stanwix beseiged by 
Sir John Johnson: Gen. Harker- 
mer marches to its relief; and has 
an action with the enemy near 
Oneida- creek, ii. 108. 

Aug. 16. Battle of Bennington, 
ii. 29. 109. iii. 244. vi. 170. 

Aug. Fort Stanwix attacked by 
Col. St. Leger, who soon retreats 
from the fort. ii. 112. 

Aug. 22. Gen. JSullivan under- 
takes an expedition to Staten-Island. 
ii. 112. 

Aug. 25. Lord Howe arrives 
with his fleet from New-York at 
the mouth of Elk-river, ii. 113, 

Aug. 26. Part of the royal army 
advances to the head of the" Elk. 
ii, 113. vi. 168. 

Aug. 30. Gen. Washingtor 
marches with the main body of his 
army through Philadelphia, and 
encamps at Wilmington, ii. 113. 

Sep. 1. The royal army at this 
time consists of 27,000 men. ii. 113, 

Sep. 3. Skirmish between a part 
of the royal army and some of the 
light advanced corps of the Amer- 
icans, ii. 114. 

Sep. 9. Gen. Washington moves 
with his troops to Newport, three 
miles below Wilmington, ii. 114 

Sep. 11. Battle of Brandy wine 
ii. 114. vi. 168. 

Sep. 13 and 14. Gen. Burgoyne 
passes the Hudson, and encamps al 
Saratoga, ii. 116. 

Sep. 17. The northern army ad 
vances in three columns, and takes 
post near Stillwater, ii. 116. vi. 170, 

Sep. 19. Battle of Behmus's 
heights, ii. 25. 116. 124. vi. 170. 

Sep. Col. Brown detached front 
the northern army to attack the en- 
emy at the landing of Lake George 
ii. 117. 

Sep. Congress removes to York 
town. ii. 117. 

Sep. Skirmish between the out- 
posts of the continental and roya 
army near the Warren Tavern, ii 

Sep. 27. Royal army takes pos< 
session of Philadelphia, ii. 117. vi 

Oct. 4. Battle of Germantown 
ii. 118. vi. 168. 

Oct. 5. British troops storm ant 
take Forts Montgomery and Clin 
ton on Hudson's river, ii. 118. vi 

Oct. 7. Battle of Stillwater. 
121. 124. vi. 170. 

Oct. 11. Gen. Burgoyne begin 
to retire towards Lake George, vi 

Oct. 13. Gen. Burgoyne 
camps at Saratoga, vi. 171. 

Oct. 15. Kingston, iEsopus, burn 
by the royalists, ii. 122. 

Oct. 16. Northern army consist 
of 13,216 men, fit for duty. ii. 125 

Oct. 17. Convention of Saratoga 
Burgoyne's whole army surrenders 
ii. 123. iii. 245. vi. 171. 

Oct. 22. Hessians under Coun 
Donop repulsed in an attack 01 
Red-Bank. ii. 126. vi. 169. 

Oct. 26. Projected expeditioi 
against Rhode-Island given up by 
council of war. ii. 127. 

Nov. Two British ships of wa 
burnt in the Delaware, ii. 127. vi 


Chronological Table. 


Nov. First public tax levied by 
Congress, ii. 127. 

Nov. 16. Fort Mifflin on Mud- 
Island evacuated by the Continental 
garrison, ii. 128. 

Nov. 18. Fort Mercer at Red- 
Bank evacuated by the Continental 
garrison, and the Continental ships 
burnt, ii. 129. 

Dec. American army goes into 
■winter quarters at Valley-Forge. 
ii. 130. vi. 169, 

Dec. 5. Howe's army marches 
from Philadelphia as far as Chesnut- 
hill, above G-ermantown : skirmish- 
ing takes place between the piquets 
of his and Washington's army. ii. 

Dec. Lord Howe sails with his 
fleet from the Delaware to New- 
York, ii. 130. 

Dec. 12. American Commission- 
ers in France, in a letter to Lord 
North, charge the British officers 
■with inhumanity to American pris- 
oners, ii. 132. 

Dec, Congress forms the plan of 
Confederation between the United 
States, ii. 132. 

Number of royal troops employed 
in America this year amounts to 
50,000 men. ii. 133. 
778. Jan. 29. Gen. Washington recom- 
mends to Congress a half-pay estab- 
lishment for the officers of the 
American army. ii. 132. 

Feb. John Adams, appointed by 
Congress to reside in France in a 
publick character, embarks from 
America, ii. 133. 

Feb. 6. Treaty of alliance be- 
tween France and the United States 
signed, ii. 134. iii. 245. 

Feb. 17. Lord North proposes 
the Conciliatory Acts to Parliament. 
ii. 134. 

March. Congress resolves that 
the prisoners of the enemy shall be 
treated in the same manner as the 
American prisoners are by the Brit- 
ish, ii. 134. 

Ap. 19. Treaty of alliance be- 
tween France and the United States 
arrives in America, ii. 134. vi. 171. 

May 9. Congress addresses its 
constituents on the subject of the 
Conciliatory Acts. ii. 136. 

May. British troops burn a num- 
ber of houses at Bristol and War- 
ren, ii. 138. 

May 15. Congress votes half- pay 
to the officers, and a bounty of 
eighty dollars to the soldiers, to take 
place at the end of the war. ii. 138. 

June 4. Congress, having recom- 

mended regulating laws, now re- 
commends to the several States to 
suspend or repeal them. ii. 158. 

June 5. British Commissioners 
under the Conciliatory Acts arrive 
in America, ii. 139. vi. 172. 

June 9. Gen. Washington for- 
wards a letter to Congress from the 
British Commissioners, ii. 140. 

June 17. Congress returns an 
answer to the letter of the British 
Commissioners ii. 140. 

June 17. Admiral Keppel takes 
three French frigates, ii. 141. 

June 19. Philadelphia evacuated 
by the British troops, ii. 141. vi. 

June 28. Battle of Monmouth, 
ii. 142. vi. 172. 

June 28. King of France issues 
orders for making reprisals on Eng- 
land, ii. 145. 

July 9. Confederation of the 
United States formed, iii. 245. 

July 10. Count D'Estaing ar- 
rives on the coast of America with 
the French fleet and 4,000 troops. 
ii. 145. vi. 172. 

July. Congress returns to Phila- 
delphia, ii. 146. 

July. Inhabitants of Wyoming 
massacred, ii. 147. 

July 29. King of Great-Britain 
issues orders to seize French prop- 
erty, ii. 148. 

Aug. Part of New-York burnt, 
ii. 148. 

Aug. 9. American troops under 
Gen. Sullivan land on Rhode- 
Island, ii. 148. vi. 173. 

Aug. 10. Lord Howe with the 
British fleet appears off the mouth 
of Newport harbour : Count D'Es- 
taing puts out of the harbour after 
him : a storm arises : he proceeds 
to Boston, and arrives there the 
28th. ii. 149. vi. 173. 

Aug. 29. Battle of Rhode-Island, 
ii. 149. vi. 173. 

Aug. 30. Gen. Sullivan retreats 
from Rhode- Island, ii, 150. vi. 173. 

Sep. 6. New- Bedford burnt by 
Gen. Gray. ii. 151. iv. 236. 

Sep. Houses at the German flats 
burnt by the royalists, ii. 152. 

Sep. 28. Part of Col. Baylor's 
regiment of horse surprised and cut 
to pieces by a party of the royalists. 
ii. 152. 

Oct. Last manifesto of the Brit- 
ish Commissioners published, ii. 

Oct. 30. Congress publishes a 
reply to the manifesto of the Brit- 
ish Commissioners, ii. 154. 


Chronological Table. 

1778. Oct. The Somerset man of war 
shipwrecked on Cape Cod. ii. 154. 

Nov. 5. Count D'Estaing. with 
the French fleet sails from Boston 
to the West- Indies, ii. 154. vi. 173. 

Nov. 27. Coi. Campbell sails 
from New-York on an expedition to 
Georgia, ii. 154. vi. 173. 

Dec. 3. Col. Campbell arrives 
in Georgia, ii. 154. vi. 173. 

Dec. 11. Cherry- Valley de- 
stroyed by the royalists, ii. 156. 

Dec. 29. Col. Campbell defeats 
Gen. Howe, and obtains possession 
of Savannah, ii. 155. ix. 158. 

Dec. British troops in Georgia 
take possession of Ebenezer. ii. 155. 

Dec. Gen. Washington cantons 
his troops in New- Jersey, Peck's- 
kill, and Connecticut, during the 
winter, ii. 158. vi. 174. 

1779. Jan. Congress resolves, that the 
United States will not conclude 
peace with Great-Britain without 
the formal consent of France first 
obtained, ii. 160. 

Jan. The British commanders in 
Georgia issue a proclamation, invit- 
ing the loyalists to join their stand- 
ard : many of them, attempting to 
comply with the proclamation, are 
intercepted by the Continental 
troops, ii. 163. 

Action at Port- Royal Island be- 
tween Col. Skirving's regiment and 
the British light infantry, ii. 163. 

Action near Beaufort between 
Gen. Moultrie and a detachment of 
the royalists, ii. 163. 

Feb. 14. Action in Georgia be- 
tween Col. Pickens and a body of 
the loyalists, ii. 163. 

Feb. 16. Gen. Williamson de- 
stroys the boats constructed by Col. 
Campbell to cross Savannah river, 
and forces him to retreat, ii. 163. 

Feb. The British cruisers hav- 
ing taken several Dutch ships bound 
to France, the Ambassadour in Lon- 
don demands their restitution, ii. 

Feb. 24. Col. Henry Hamilton 
surrenders Fort Sackville to Col. 
Clarke, ii. 161. 

Skirmish at Horse- Neck between 
Gen. Putnam and a detachment of 
the royal troops, ii. 161. 

A detachment of the royalists at- 
tempting to surprise Elizabethtown, 
has a skirmish with Gen. Maxwell's 
troops quartered there, ii. 162. 

March. Dr. Franklin recommends 
to American cruisers to treat Capt. 
Cock as a friend, if they should 
meet him at sea : Dr. Kippis, in his 

life of Capt. Cook, asserts that 
these orders were instantly reversed 
bv Congress : proofs that this asser- 
tion is false, iv. 79—85. 156. Dr. 
Kippis acknowledges that he was 
misinformed, v. 5. 

March. Creek Indians attempt- 
ing to join the royalists in Georgia, 
a party is detached into the Indian 
country : in consequence of which 
the enemy abandons its fort. ii. 164. 

March. An action in Georgia be- 
tween the Carolina loyalists and a 
detachment of the Continental 
troops, ii. 164. 

Ap. 7. Onondago settlements 
destroyed by Continental troops 
under Col. Van Skaick. ii. 164. 

May 2. The French, under the 
Prince of Nassau, make a descent 
on the island of Jersey, ii. 172. 

May. Royal troops take the fort 
at Portsmouth, Virginia, destroy 
several houses and a number of ves- 
sels, ii. 164. 

May. Royal troops burn Suffolk 
in Virginia, ii. 165. 

May. British troops, under Gen. 
Prevost, approach Charleston. May 
10. Cross Ashley- river. May 13. 
Recross the river. June 20. Part 
of Prevost's army intrenched at 
Stono - ferry, under Lieut. Col. 
Maitland, attacked by Continental 
troops. Prevost's troops retire to 
Savannah, ii. 166—168. vi. 174. 

May 28. Congress chooses a 
Committee, to consider the most 
eligible mode of negotiating a for- 
eign loan. ii. 165. 

June. Fort La Fayette, on the 
east side of Hudson's river, taken 
by the royalists, ii. 166. 

June. British troops from Hal- 
ifax, under Gen. Maclane and Com- 
modore Barclay, take possession of 
Penobscot, ii. 171. iii. 147. 

July 6. Count D'Estaing defeats 
Admiral Byron in the West- Indies, 
ii. 178. vi. 176. 

July 5. British troops, under Sir 
George Collier and Gov. Tryon, 
plunder New- Haven, ii. 169. 

July 7. Burn Fairfield, ii. 169. 
iii. 103— 106. x. 189. July 12. Burn 
Norwalk. ii. 169. Another body of 
troops burns Bedford in the State of 
New- York. ii. 169. vi. 174. 

July 16. Gen. Wayne storms the 
fort at Stony-Point, i'i. 170. vi. 175. 

July 19. Fort at Paulus-hook 
taken by Major Lee. ii. 171. vL; 

Aug. 1. Gen. Sullivan marches 
on an expedition against the In- 

Chronological Table. 


dians on the Susquehannah. Aug. 
29. Obtains a victory over them at 
Newton. Sep. Burns forty towns, 
and destroys a great quantity of corn 
and many fruit trees, ii. 175 — 178. 

Aug. 14. Expedition from Eos- 
ton against Penobscot proves un- 
successful, and the American fleet 
is burnt, ii. 172. vi 175. 

Aug. 25. Admiral Arbuthnot 
arrives at New- York with a rein- 
forcement for the royal army. ii. 
172. vi, 176. 

Sep. 5. Count D'Estaing arrives 
with his fleet off Savannah, ii. 179. 
vi. 184. 

Sep. 13. Congress addresses its 
constituents on the subject of the 
national debt. ii. 172. 

Sep. 28. Congress appoints John 
Jay Minister Plenipotentiary at the 
Court of Madrid, ii. 175. 

Oct. 9. Americans under Gen. 
Lincoln, and Prench under Count 
D'Estaing, repulsed in an attack on 
Savannah, ii. 179. vi. 184. 

Oct. 25. Newport evacuated by 
the British troops, ii. 180. vi. 184. 

Nov. The American army goes 
into winter quarters at Baskinridge. 
ii. 181. 

Dec. 26. Sir Henry Clinton em- 
barks on an expedition against 
South- Carolina, ii. 182. 
780. Jan. Expedition against Staten- 
Island, under Lord Stirling, fails of 
success, ii. 182. 

Mar. 21. Sir Joseph Yorke pre- 
sents a memorial to the States 
General on the subject of succours 
claimed by England, ii. 183. 

Mar. Capt. J. Paul Jones takes 
an English frigate and another ship, 
and carries them into Holland, ii. 
183. This and various proceedings 
of the Dutch give umbrage to the 
English ; in consequence of which 
the alliance between the two gov- 
ernments is dissolved, Ap. 17 th. ii. 

Mar. New emission money re- 
commended by Congress, ii. 184. 

May 2. Congress passes a new 
form of a commission for private 
vessels of war. iv. 156. 

May 12. Charleston, South- 
Carolina, is surrendered to the Brit- 
ish troops, ii. 184. 

May 19. Remarkable dark day 
in the northern part of the United 
States, i. 95. 

May 29. Col. Tarleton defeats 
Col. Buford. ii. 186. 

June. Sir Henry Clinton returns 
to New- York. ii. 187. 

June. Part of Elizabeth-town 
burnt by the British troops, ii. 187. 

June 23. Springfield in New- 
Jersey burnt by the British troops. 
ii. 188. 

July. Eleven Prench ships of 
war and six thousand troops arrive 
at Newport, ii. 188. 

Aug. 6. Col. .Sumpter kills and 
takes near 300 of the enemy at 
Hanging-rock. ii. 189. 

Aug, 16. Battle of Camden, ii. 

Aug. 18. Col. Sumpter defeated 
at Wateree. ii 191. 

Aug. 24. Congress extends the 
benefit of half-pay to the widows of 
officers, ii. 189. 

Sep. 25. Gen. Arnold's plot, to 
deliver up West-Point, discovered, 
ii, 192. 

Oct. 2, Major Andre executed 
as a spy. ii. 195. 

Oct. 6. Henry Laurens, late Pres- 
ident of Congress, committed to the 
Tower of London, ii. 196. 

Oct. Gen. Leslie proceeds with 
his troops on an expedition to the 
Chesapeak. ii. 197. 

Oct. Col. Clark takes Augusta 
in Georgia, ii. 198. 

Oct. 7. Col. William Campbell 
defeats Major Perguson at King's 
Mountain, ii. 198. 

Oct. Congress makes a new ar- 
rangement of the American army, 
ii. 196. 

Oct. 19. Action' between Gen. 
Van Penselaer and Sir John John- 
son at Pox's Mills, ii. 197. 

Oct. Captains of American Pri- 
vateers, taken by the enemy, sent 
prisoners to England, ii. 199. 

Oct. Gen, Greene appointed to 
succeed Gen. Gates in South- Car- 
olina, ii. 199. 

Oct. 11. Gen. Washington re- 
commends to Congress to allow half- 
pay to officers during life. ii. 199. 

Oct. Congress resolves, that offi- 
cers who continue in the service to 
the end of the war shall be entitled 
to half-pay during life. ii. 200. 

Constitution of Massachusetts 
completed, iii. 245. iv. 203. viii. 

Nov. Academy of Arts and Sci- 
ences in Massachusetts instituted, 
iii. 274. 

Nov. 20. Gen. Sumpter defeats 
the enemy at Black Porks, ii. 200. 

Nov. A party of the enemy sur- 
renders to Col. Washington, ii. 201. 

Dec. 16. Col. Tarleton's legion 
repulsed at Ninety- six. ii. 201. 


Chronological Table. 

1780. Dec. King of Great-Britain or- 
ders general reprisals on Holland, 
ii. 201. 

Dec. Col. Washington defeats a 
body of Georgia royalists, ii. 201. 

Dec. Continental army under 
General Washington goes into win- 
ter quarters on Hudson's river, ii. 

The population of the Creeks, 
Chactaws, Chicasaws, Cherokees, 
and Catawbas, is 42,033. iv. 99. 

The Mohawks forsake their an- 
cient villages on the Mohawk river, 
v. 20. 

1781. Jan. 5. Congress resolves that 
retaliation be exercised on British 
prisoners, ii. 202. 

Jan. A number of troops em- 
bark at New- York for Virginia, un- 
der Gen. Arnold, ii. 203. 

Jan. Mutiny in the Pennsylvania 
line of the Continental army. ii. 

Jan. 12. Holland declares war 
against England, ii. 203. 

Jan. 17. Battle of Cowpens. ii. 

Jan. Party of Continental mil- 
itia under Gen. Davidson defeated 
at M'Cowen's Ford. ii. 205. 

Feb. 9. M. Tilly with three 
French ships takes the greatest part 
of the fleet, which had accompanied 
Gen. Arnold to the Chesapeak. ii. 

March 1. Maryland ratifies the 
plan of Confederation, ii. 132. 

March 5. Engagement between 
the French fleet under Admiral 
D'Estouches, and the British under 
Admiral Arbuthnot. ii. 206. 

March 15. Battle of Guilford 
Court-House, ii. 206. 

Ap. British troops under Gen. 
Phillips arrive at Virginia from 
New- York. ii. 210. 

Ap. 25. Action at Waxhaws be- 
tween Gen. Greene and Lord Raw- 
don, ii. 209. 

May 11. Orangeburg is surren- 
dered to Gen. Sumpter. ii. 212. 

May 12. Gen. Marion takes fort 
Motte. ii. 212. 

May 14. Col. Lee takes fort Gran- 
by. ii. 212. 

May 14. Col. Christopher Greene 
surprised by the enemy near Croten 
river, ii. 210. 

May. Congress establishes a Na- 
tional Bank at Philadelphia, ii. 211. 

May . Admiral DeBarras, appoint- 
ed to command the French fleet 
at Newport, arrives at Boston, ii. 

May. Fifteen hundred French re- 
cruits arrive at Boston, ii. 211. 

June. Lord Cornwallis enters 
Virginia, ii. 213. 

June 18. Gen. Greene repulsed 
in an attempt to storm Ninety-six. 
ii. 212. 

June 26. Action near Williams- 
burg between an advanced corps of 
Marquis deLaFayette and the Brit- 
ish, ii. 213. 

July 3. Action at Spicken-devil 
between Col. Scammel and a party 
of the enemy, ii. 213. 

July 6. Action at James- town 
church between Gen. Wayne and 
the British, ii. 213. 

Aug. 3 . Col. Hayne executed at 
Charleston, ii. 215. 

Aug. B-oyal army at New- York 
reinforced with 3000 German troops, 
ii. 217. 

Aug. Lord Cornwallis establishes 
his posts at York-town and Glou- 
cester, ii. 220. 

Aug. 26. Count De Grasse ar- 
rives off Chesapeak- bay with thirty- 
four sail of French men of war. ii. 

Sep. Count De Grasse's fleet 
joined by eight sail of men of war 
from Newport, ii. 221. 

Sep. 6. Gen. Arnold burns part 
of New- London and Groton. ii. 217. 

Sep. British fleet at New- York 
reinforced with thirteen ships of the 
line, four frigates, and two fire ships, 
ii. 218. 

Sep. 7. Battle between the French 
and British fleets off Cape Henry, 
ii. 221. 

Sept. 8. Battle of Eutaw Springs, 
ii. 218. ix. 105. 

Sep. 25. Admiral Digby arrives 
at New- York with four ships of 
war. ii. 220. 

Oct. Col. Willet routs a party 
of the enemy in Tryon county, ii. 

Oct. 15. Baron Viomenil and 
Marquis de LaFayette storm two 
redoubts of the British at York- 
town, ii. 222. ix. 106. 

Oct. 16. Col. Abercrombie attacks 
the line of the besiegers at York- 
town, ii. 222. 

Oct. 19. Cornwallis and army at 
York-town surrender prisoners of 
war. ii. 222. iii. 245. ix. 107. 

Dec. 23. Thanksgiving through- 
out the United States for the vic- 
tory at York-town. ii. 225. 

Dec. Paper money went out of 
circulation, ii. 225. 

Exeter Academy founded, iv. 96. 

Chronological Table. 


782. March. Military operations sus- 
pended at New-York. ii. 226. 

March. Act passed in the Brit- 
ish Parliament, to enable the King 
to conclude a peace and truce with 
the American Colonies, ii. 226. 

March. British ministry changed, 
ii. 226. 

A.p. 12. Rodney defeats Count de 
Grasse in the West Indies, ii. 225. 
Ap. Capt. Huddy hanged by a 
party of refugees, ii. 226. 

Ap. 19. Holland recognizes the 
independence of the United States, 
and admits John Adams as minister 
plenipotentiary, ii. 228. 

May. New-Providence and the 
other Bahamas surrendered to 
Spain, ii. 229. 

May 21. Gen. Wayne defeats a 
party of the British near Savannah. 
ii. 229. 

May. Gen. Leslie, British com- 
mander in Carolina, proposes to 
Gen. Greene a cessation of arms. 
ii. 230. 

June 12. Congress passes an act 
against trading with the enemy. 
ii. 231. 

June 24. Gen. Wayne attacked 
by a body of Cherokee Indians at 
Sharon near Savannah, ii. 232. 

June 26. Mutiny among the 
continental troops at Philadelphia ; 
in consequence of which Congress 
removes to Princeton, ii. 231. 

July 21. British evacuate Savan- 
nah, ii. 232. 

Aug. 27. Col. Lawrens, the last 
officer of note slain in the Amer- 
ican war, killed in a skirmish with 
the enemy, ii. 233. 

Aug. 29. Gen. Marion repulses 
a party of horse at Biggin's Bridge, 
ii. 233. 

Oct. 7. Treaty of commerce 
signed in Holland between the 
Dutch provinces and the United 
States, ii. 233. 

Nov. 30. Provisional articles of 
peace between the United States 
and Great Britain signed at Paris, 
ii. 234. iii. 245. 

Dec. 14. British evacuate South- 
Carolina, ii. 234. 

I. Jan. 20. Treaty of peace be- 
tween France and Great Britain 
signed, ii. 234. 

Jan. The officers of the Amer- 
ican army present an address to 
Congress on the subject of arrear- 
ages of pay. ii. 234. 

Jan. 25. Congress passes resolves 
on the subject of the pay of the 
army. ii. 235. 

March 10. Anonymous papers, 
addressed to the officers, &c. appear 
in camp. ii. 236. 

March 15. A convention of offi- 
cers assembled by Gen. Washing- 
ton on the subject of the anony- 
mous papers, ii. 236. 

March 22. Congress votes five 
years full pay as a commutation for 
half- pay to the officers of the Amer- 
ican army. ii. 238. 

Mar. State of the debt of the 
United States, ii. 240. 

Ap. 11. Congress recommends 
an impost of 5 per cent. ii. 240. 

May. Cincinnati Society insti- 
tuted, iii. 274. 

May 26. Congress resolves that 
the non-commissioned officers and 
soldiers be permitted to retire on 
furlough, ii. 241. 

June 21. Gen. Greene takes 
leave of the army which he had 
commanded in Carolina, ii. 242. 

Aug. 7. Congress resolves to 
erect an equestrian statue of Gen. 
Washington, ii. 242. 

Aug. 26. Gen. Washington at- 
tends Congress, and receives the 
united thanks of the representa- 
tives, ii. 242. 

Sep. Treaty of peace between 
Great Britain and Holland signed, 
ii. 234. 

Sep. 3. Definitive treaty of peace 
between Great Britain and the 
United States signed, ii. 243. iii. 

Oct. 18. Congress issues a pro- 
clamation to disband the American 
army after the 3d of Nov. ii. 243. 

Nov. 3. Gen. Washington takes 
leave of the American army. ii. 243. 

Nov. 25. British army evacuates 
New- York. ii. 243. 

Dec. 25. Gen. Washington re- 
signs his commission to Congress, 
ii. 244. 

A white man, in Massachusetts, 
tried and found guilty of beating a 
negro, who had been his slave : the 
complete abolition of slavery may 
be fixed at this period, iv. 203. 

Constitution of New-Hampshire 
established, iv. 204. 

Shelburne and Digby in Nova- 
Scotia settled, iii. 96. 

Imports and exports of Quebec, 
vi. 60—62. 
1784. Feb. 7. Massachusetts Bank, the 
first in Boston, established, iii. 275. 

372 vessels entered at the port of 
Boston, and 450 cleared out, for six 
months, iii. 288. 

VOL. X. 



Chronological Table. 

1784. Number of inhabitants in Massa- 
chusetts at this period, iy. 198. 

Number of inhabitants in Canada 
at this period, vi. 49. 63. 

Imports and exports of Quebec, 
vi. 60—62. 

Nova - Scotia divided into four 
separate governments, viz. Nova- 
Scotia, New-Brunswick, St. John's, 
and Sydney, iii. 96. 

1785. Oct. 5. Thirty persons assemble 
at Falmouth, on the subject of erect- 
ing Maine into a separate govern- 
ment : they request the several 
towns to send delegates to a conven- 
tion to meet in Jan. 1786. iv. 27. 35. 

Imports and exports of Quebec, 
vi. 60—62. 

1786. Jan. 4. A convention assembles 
at Falmouth, on the subject of erect- 
ing Maine into a separate govern- 
ment, iv. 27. 36. 

June 19. Charles river bridge 
completed, iii. 245. 

Sep. 6. A second convention as- 
sembles at Portland, on the subject 
of erecting Maine into a separate 
government, iv. 30. 38. 

Insurrection in Massachusetts, iii. 
152. 169. iv. 209. viii. 91. 100. 106. 
108. ix. 267. 

An attempt is made in the coun- 
cil of Quebec to introduce the Eng- 
lish laws. vi. 50. 

A General Governour appointed 
over the British provinces in Amer- 
ica, iii. 102. vi. 55. 

Exports and imports of Quebec, 
vi. 56—59. 60—62. 

Mr. M. departs from Montreal to 
the Lake of the Woods, passes 
through several nations of Indians, 
and proceeds as far as the Shining 
Mountains, iii. 24. 

1787. Ap. 18. The value of British 
property, and the number of British 
subjects in Quebec, vi. 55. 

Ap. 24. A great fire in Boston. 
iii. 272. 

Sep. 17. Convention of delegates 
from the several States reports the 
new Constitution of Government for 
the United States, ii. 132. iii. 245. 
viii. 91. 

1788. Slave trade prohibited by the 
legislatures of Rhode- Island and 
Connecticut, iv. 205. 

Mar. 26. Slave trade prohibited 
by the legislature of Massachusetts, 
iv. 197. 205. 

Sep. 24. Essex Bridge, between 
Salem and Beverly, completed, vi. 

A Roman Catholick church 
formed in Boston, iii. 264. 



Manufacture of Cards by newly 
invented machines begun in Boston, 
iii. 279. iv. 207. 
1789. March. Government of the Uni- 
ted States, under the new Constitu- 
tion, first meets at New-York. ii. 

Ap. 30. Washington inaugurated 
President of the United States, iii. 
1790.. Aug. 4. Publick Debt of the 
United States funded, iii. 245. 

Number of inhabitants in Massa- 
chusetts at this period, iv. 199. 

The Slug- worm first observed in 
the gardens of Massachusetts, v. 

The Counties of Hancock and 
Washington contain 21 incorporated 
towns, beside several plantations, 
but only three ordained ministers, 
iv. 153. 

A General Convention of the 
Universalists holden at Philadel- 
phia, x. 72. 

Sunday Schools established in 
Philadelphia, iii. 267. 

1791. Jan. 24. Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society instituted, viii. 102. 

Ap. 19. Capt. Joseph Ingraham 
discovers seven Islands in the South 
Pacifick Ocean, ii. 20. 

Oct. A Free School opened at 
Williamstown : this lays the foun- 
dation of Williams College, vm 

Nov. 4. Gen. St. Clair defeated 
by the Indians at the Miami, i. 
287. iii. 26. 

1792. The number of Indians in Mas- 
sachusetts at this period, i. 195. 
201. 206. 207. 211. 

Fifty thousand barrels of beef and 
pork shipped from Boston, iii. 287. 

1793. Mar. 6. Capt. James Magee dis- 
covers six Islands in the North Pa-, 
cifick Ocean, iv. 261. 

June. Williams College incor' 
porated. viii. 50. 

Church of Universalists estab- 
lished in Boston, iii. 264. 

West- Boston Bridge completed, 
iii. 246. vii. 4 

376 vessels entered at the port of 
Boston, and 292 cleared out. iii 

1794. Feb. 3. The first Theatre erect- 
ed in Boston opened, iii. 255. 

Feb. 19. Massachusetts Histori- 
cal Society incorporated, iii. 274. 
iv. 1. 

May 17. Uncommon Frost in thai™: 









of Worcester, 


General Index. 


July 30. A great Fire in Boston, 
iii. 272. 

Treaty made between the United 
States and the Six Nations, v. 23. 

Eighty thousand of the militia of 
the United States provisionally de- 
tached, under the apprehension of 
a rupture with Great-Britain, viii. 

Aug. 26. Battle of Miami, x. 
.795. Sep. 1st Wednesday. First 
Commencement holden at Williams 
College, viii. 53. 

The ramparts of earth, formed at 
Annapolis by the French, in the 
last century, are still entire, iv. 
.796. Mar. 4. An Act passed by the 
Assembly of New- York for the re- 
lief of the Indians who are entitled 
to land in Brotherton. v. 27. vi. 

July. State of the Oneida, Stock- 
bridge, and Brotherton Indians at 
this period, v. 12. 

In the district comprehended be- 
tween the Oneida Reservation and 
the Mohawk river, above the Ger- 
man flats, there were in 1785 two 
families only ; but now there are 
six parishes, three full regiments of 
militia, and one corps of light horse. 
v. 21. 

Number of the Six Nations at 
this period, v. 23. 

1797. Feb. State of the Natick Indi- 
ans at this period, v. 32. 

Amos Whittemore of Cambridge 
invents a Card Machine, vii. 3. 

1799. Fourteen Newspapers are pub- 
lished in Connecticut at this time, 
vi. 77. 

Dec. 12. Columbians proposed 
as the national name of the citizens 
of the United States, vi. 149. 

Dec. 14. Gen. Washington dies, 
viii. 93. 102. 

Imports and exports of New- 
foundland, vii. 219. 

1800. The Cow-pock was introduced 
into America by Professor Water- 
house, vii. 38. 

Dec. 19. Shock of an Earthquake 
in the western parts of New-Hamp- 
shire, ix. 233. 

1801. Mar. 1. Earthquake in the 
Northern parts of New-England, 
ix. 233. 

1802. Feb. 21. Earthquake in the 
vicinity of Kennebeck river, ix. 

Sep. 136 Salt-works in the coun- 
ty of Barnstable at this time, be- 
side others in different parts of 
Massachusetts, viii. 138. 

Few Indians are now left in New- 
England, viii. 175. 

1803. Sep. Number of the Moheagan 
Indians at this time. ix. 76. 

Oct. Number of the Penobscot 
Indians at this time. ix. 210. 



Lbbot, Benjamin, iv. 96. 
bbot's Cove. vi. 216. 
.bel, Indian preacher, x. 131. 132. 
.bel, Nehemiah. iii. 150. 
.benaquies, Indians, ix. 210. 
bercrombie, Col. ii. 222. 
.bercrombie, Gen. lands at New- York, 
vii. 150. At Albany, vi. 35. 
.bingdon, Lord, opposed to the Amer- 
ican War. ii. 67. Supports Earl of 
Chatham's motion for an accommoda- 
tion with America, ii. 103. Protests 
against the Manifesto of the British 
Commissioners, ii. 157. 
binohkie Indians, x. 123. 
cademy of Arts and Sciences institu- 
ted, iii. 274. 

cadians, French, number of, in Nova- 
Scotia in 1764. x. 82. 
cadie Indians, x. 115. 

Acadie, Indian Chiefs in. x. 116. 
Acamenticus : see Agamentieus. 
Acchusnutt, New- Bedford, iv. 232. 
Accomintas, Indians, i. 149. 
Accord Pond. i. 100. 
Aekland, Major, ii. 122. 
Acorn Brook, vi. 214. 
Acorns eaten by the Indians, i. 150. 

iii. 220. viii. 216, 233. 
Acquiunk Falls, ix. 80. 
Acton Incorporated, i. 237. 
Acushnet, or Acchusnutt, Indian village. 

i. 200. x. 130. 
Adair, James, ix. 94. 
Adamhegan, Indian, ix. 234. 

Adams, , of Nova-Scotia, vi. 121. 

Adams, Eliphalet. x. 170. 
Adams, Hugo. x. 71. 
Adams, James, ix. 158. 
Adams, Jeremy, vii. 10. 
Adams, John, poet. iii. 300. 


General Index. 

Adams, John, holds a Conference with 
Lord Howe. ii. 75. Appointed to 
collect evidence of the facts respect- 
ing the Evacuation of Ticonderoga. 
ii. 107. Sent to the Court of France, 
ii. 133. Minister Plenipotentiary to 
Holland, ii. 228. Concludes a Treaty 
with Holland, ii. 233. Negotiates 
Peace with Great- Britain, ii. 234. 
Author of the Dissertation on the 
Feudal and Canon Law. v. 212. x. 
187. Writes in the Boston Gazette, 
vi. 70. Author of Novanglus. vi. 72. 
Vice-President of the United States. 
ii. 132. Addressed by the inhabitants 
of Marblehead. viii. 61. President of 
the United States, viii. 100. F. H. 
S. x. 192. 

Adams, John, Minister of Durham, v. 

Adams, John Quincy. x. 192. 

Adams, Joseph, x. 69. 70. 

Adams, Matthew, iii. 300. v. 211. 

Adams, Samuel, Patriot of 1775. v. 106. 
Chosen on a Committee to answer the 
Letter of the British Commissioners. 
ii. 140. Gov. of Massachusetts, iii. 

Adams's Island discovered, ii. 21, 

Adams, William, ix. 193. 

Adultery in women, Indian mode of 
punishing, ix. 83. 

iEsopus burnt, ii. 122. 

African Lodge of black Masons, iv. 210. 

African Slavery will probably be abol- 
ished in the United States, iii. 165. 

Agamenticus, Protest of the Inhabitants 
of. i. 101. Indian name of York. iii. 
8. Mountain described, iii. 11. 

Agawam, Ipswich, vii. 13. 

Agawam River, in Wareham. i. 231. 

Agawome, or Agawam, Indians, i. 149. 

Ager, !Sir Anthony, ix. 54. 

Agnew, Gen. in the Expedition to 
Danbury. ii. 95. Wounded, ii. 96. 
Killed, ii. 121. 

Ago way warn, or Agawam, Indians, viii. 

Agriculture of the Indians, i. 149. iii. 
208. 221. ix. 100. 

Aham, Charles, Indian Schoolmaster. 
x. 130. Preacher, x. 134. 

Ahanquid, Eastern Indian, vi. 112. 

Ahawton, Indian Preacher, i. 184. 

Ahyosupsuck Pond. ix. 80. 

Aigicomock River, iv. 183. 

Ainsworth, Author of Psalms, viii. 10. 
ix. 16. 

Air of New-England described, i. 108. 
120. 121. 127. 249. ii. 6. iii. 13. 120. 
153. See Climate. 

Aix-la-Chapelle, Peace of. vii. 70. ix. 
219. 224. 

Albany, Indian name of. ix. 100. Called 
by the Dutch Fort Oranje. i. 156. 

160. English language very little 
spoken in, in 1745. i. 75. Described, 
iv. 58, vii. 125. 

Albermarle Sound, iii. 85. 86. 

Alcock, Mrs. viii. 40. 

Alden, Col. of Duxborough. ii. 156. 

Alden, David, ii. 6. 

Alden, Isaiah, v. 59, 

Alden, John. ii. 6. viii. 120. 

Alden, Martin, v. 59. ix. 234. 

Alden, Samuel, ii. 5. 6. 

Alden, Timothy, of Yarmouth, v. 60. 

Alden, Timothy, of Portsmouth, v. 59. 
x. 57. F. H. S. x. 192. 

Alderman, an Indian, shoots King Philip, 
iii. 171. 

Alderton, Point, takes its name from 
Isaac Allerton. viii. 231. Its distance 
from Boston, iii. 298. 

Ale wife. viii. 3. 

Alexander, , Counsellor of New- 
York, vii. 143. 

Alexander, William, Geographer, vii. 

Alexander, Sir William, receives a grant 
of Nova-Scotia, iii. 95. vi. 131. 186. 

Algonkins. ix. 92. 

Alister's Run. vi. 214. 

Allan, Col. iii. 147. 

Alleghany River, iii. 22. 

Alleghany Mountains, iii. 21. 

Allen, , Minister of Dedham. m 

259. x. 26. 

Allen, Ethan, surprises Ticonderoga. ii, 
49. Taken prisoner, ii. 58. 

Allen, James, Minister, iii. 257. vi. 
(5.) ix. 193. 194. Author, iii. 300. 

Allen, John, Secretary of Connecticut, 
iv. 222. Commissioner of the United 
Colonies, v. 229. Magistrate of Con- 
necticut, v. 235. 

Allen, Matthew, vii. 10. 

Allen, Moses, ix. 157. 

Allerton, Isaac, visits Massasoit. viii. 
231. Assistant in Plymouth Colony, 
viii. 249. iii. 35. 42. Agent from 
Plymouth, iii. 46. 48. 58. 59. 68. 69, 
70. Sets up a trading house at Ma- 
chias. iii. 145. 

Alliance, Treaty of, between France and 
the United States, ii. 134. iii. 245. 
vi. 171. 

Allum Pond. ix. 130. 

Allyn, or Allen, Minister of Dedham. 
x. 14. 

Allyn, John, Minister, ii. 8. F. H. S. 
x. 191. 

Almanack, the first, published in Amer- 
ica, vi. 232. vii. 19. 

Almy, Col. v. 195. Anecdote of. ix. 

Amarascoggin River, iii. 141. 142. 

America, Bill for regulating Charter and 
Proprietary Governments in. vii. 220. 

American War commences, ii. 48. 











iii'l 1 





-to I 



, uina 


Una 1 



. ik 

■! sett: 


l rati 







General Index. 


Lmerican War, History of. ii. 41. vi. 

Lmericus Vesputius. vi. 152. 
Lmes, Dr. Author of Medulla Theolo- 

gise. vii. 40. 
^mes. Fisher, Counsel for David Avery. 
j v. 51. Fellow student with George 
! R. Minot. viii. 89. 

Lmherst, , Counsellor of Nova- 

I Scotia, vi. 122. 
Lmherst, Gen. vi. 54. 
Lmshot Harbour, hi. 99. 
Lnasaguntacooks, Indians on Bruns- 
wick River, ix. 210. Treaty with. ix. 

220. Join the Canadians, ix. 226. 
Lnderson, Robert, x. 192. 
Lndre, Major, taken prisoner, ii. 193. 

Executed as a spy. ii. 195. 
Lndrews, John. vii. 66. 
Lndrews, Thomas, Lord Mayor, x. 27. 
lndrews, St. in New-Brunswick, iii. 

indros, Sir Edmund, Governour of 
j New- York. iv. 221. Of Massachu- 
I setts, iii. 194. v. 272. Gov. General 

of New-England, v. 220. Threatens 
\ to shut up the doors of a meeting- 
, house in Boston, iii. 259. Made pris- 
! oner by the people, iii. 243. Removed 
]by the king. ix. 246. Gov. of Vir- 
jginia. v. 124. 142. Suspends a Coun- 
sellor, v. 145. 

indroscoggins, Indians, ix. 210. 
jngier, Samuel, vii. 60. 
Inimals, methods of preserving, iv. 8. 


jnnan, David, iii. 262. 
Innapolis County in Nova-Scotia, x. 

Innapolis Royal, French plan an expe- 
dition against, i. 24. 
innapolis River and Gut. iii. 97. 
tanapolis, Town. iii. 96. 98. 
ponymous papers, addressed to the 

officers, &c, appear in the American 
jCamp. ii. 236. 
jnse du Point Plat. i. 6. 
pt in Demerary. vi. 1. 
nthony, Indian Preacher, i. 184. x. 
J 136. ix. 198. 

ijnthony, Lieut. Indian, viii. 169. 
bntigonish River, iii. 97. 
intinomian Controversy in Massachu- 
setts, viii. 7. ix. 26. 49. 
intiquities, Indian, in America, obser- 
vations on. iv. 100. 106. 
.paumut, Hendrick, Sachem, v. 14. 22. 
.ppalachian Mountains, x. 120. 
Ipple, wild, in New- York. ix. 122. 
.ppledore, Town. vii. 246. 
.pple Island, iii. 295. 
Ippleton, John, Counsellor, vii. 59. 
ilColonel. x. 68. 

.ppleton, Nathaniel, of Cambridge, 
Ijordained vii. 32. Charges Peter 

Thacher. viii. 280. Preaches at the 
Funeral of Henry Flint, ix. 183. 
Dies. vii. 37. Memoirs of. vii. 59. 
Character, x. 158. 

Appleton, Nathaniel, of Boston, vii. 62. 
writes against the slave trade, iv. 201. 

Appleton, Samuel, v. 207. 

Appomattox Creek, iii. 85. 

Appoon, food prepared from Indian corn, 
v. 55. 

Apthorp, East. vii. 34. 

Apthorp's Island, iii. 295. 

Aquetneck, Rhode-Island, purchased, v. 

Arawcas, Indians, vi. 14. 

Arbuthnot, Lieut. Gov. of Nova- Scotia. 
iii. 102. Admiral, arrives at New- 
York, ii. 172. vi. 176. Sails with 
men of war and transports to Charles- 
ton, ii. 182. Charletton is surren- 
dered to him and Gen. Clinton, ii. 
184. Appears off Newport Harbour. 

. ii. 188. Engages the French Fleet 
under M. D'Estouches. ii. 206. Re- 
turns to England, ii. 215. 

Ardois Mountain, iii. 97. 

Aresaguntacook Indians, Peace made 
with. vi. 117. 

Argyle in Nova-Scotia, iii. 96. 

Armand, Col. ii. 190. 

Armstrong, Capt. ii. 207. 

Armstrong, Gen. ii. 119. 

Armstrong, John, vii, 197. 

Armstrong, Lawrence, Counsellor in 
Nova-Scotia, vi. 121. Lieut. Gov. 
vi. 124. 

Army, American, address Congress, ii. 
234. Resolves of a - Convention of 
Officers, ii. 237. Discontents in. ii. 
236. 241. Disbanded, ii. 243. 

Arnold, , Minister, iv. 123. 

Arnold, Benedict, purchases Quonono- 
quot. v. 2i7. Gov. of Rhode-Island. 
vi. 144. 

Arnold, Benedict, Col. sent into Cana- 
da, vi. 160. Arrives at Point Levi, 
ii. 59. Attacks Quebec, ii. 60. Gen. 
engages the British on Lake Cham- 
plain, ii. 79. Engages the enemy at 
Ridgefield. ii. 95. Appointed to the 
service of the Northern Department, 
vi. 170. Sends a body of men to re- 
lieve Fort Stanwix. ii. 112. Com- 
mands a column of the Northern 
army. ii. 116. Wounded in the Bat- 
tle of Stillwater, ii. 122. Takes pos- 
session of Philadelphia, ii. 141. Plots 
to deliver up West-Point, ii. 192. 
Commands in an expedition against 
Virginia, ii. 203. 210. Returns to 
New- York. ii. 213. Burns New- 
London, ii. 217. 

Arouacs, Indians, vi. 14. 

Arowsick Island, i. 252. 

Arowsick, Treaty of. v. 113. 115. 117. 


General Index. 

Arrhamamet, Sachem in Connecticut, 
iv. 267. At war with TJncas. ix. 84. 

Arrows of the Indians, viii. 219. 

Asa, Indian Magistrate, x. 131. 

Asgill, Capt. ii. 227. 

Ash Swamp, vi. 213. 214. 

A sherman, John, Indian Preacher, x. 

Ashimuit, Indian Village, i. 197. 231. 

Ashley, Capt. x. 143. 

Ashley, Israel, x. 152. 

Ashley, Rebecca, iv. 56. 

Ashpo, Samuel, Indian, ix. 76. 

Ashurst, Sir William, ix. 274. 

Aspinet, Sachem of Nauset, makes peace 
with the English, viii. 161. 238. 
Trades with the Governour of Ply- 
mouth, viii. 250. His manner of 
saluting Capt. Standish. viii. 252. 
Dies. viii. 162. 273. 

Aspinwall, Deacon, ix. 12. 

Aspotagoen High Lands, iii. 96. 

Asquoach Hill. i. 269. 

Assabet River, x. 84. 

Assameekg, Indian Village, x. 130. 

Assawampsit Indians, i. 198. x. 130. 

Assawampsit Pond, Curious Rocks near, 
iii. 2. Contains Iron Ore. iii. 175. ix. 

Assembly of Divines opened at West- 
minster, ix. 45. 

Assistants in New-Haven Colony, Pow- 
ers of. iv. 185. x. 97. 

Atchikou and Atchoua Lakes, i. 233. 

Atherine, a Fish. iii. 102. 

Atherton, Hope. ix. 181. 

Atherton, Humphrey, lays out an In- 
dian Plantation at Punkapaog. i. 100. 
ix. 161. Appointed Superintendent 
of the Indians, i. 177. x. 128. Pur- 
chases lands of the Narraganset Sa- 
chems, v. 217. 240. i. 279. His Pur- 
chases declared to be void by the 
King's Commissioners, v. 221. But 
they are afterwards confirmed by the 
Assembly of Rhode-Island, v. 219. 
250. And by Commissioners appoint- 
ed by the King. v. 220. 243. Not- 
withstanding which, his heirs are dis- 
possessed of their Property by the 
Assembly of Rhode-Island, v. 220. 

Atkins, Henry, makes Discoveries on the 
Coast of Labrador, i. 233—237. 

Atkinson, George, x. 62. 

Atkinson, Theodore, makes a Treaty 
with Penobscot Indians, ix. 222. One 
of the Congress at Albany, vii. 76. 
203. Makes a Donation to* the Epis- 
copal Church in Portsmouth, x. 59. 

Attleborough Gore annexed to Rhode- 
Island, i. 211. 

Attleborough, Woodcock's Garrison in. 
x. 140. 

Attooi Indians, ix. 243. 

Atwater, David, ii. 96. . 

Atwood, John. iv. 130. 

Auchmuty, Robert, ii. 46. 

Auger, Gen. ii. 205. 

Aurora Borealis, Account of the first of "! 

in England, ii. 14. In New-England. 

ii. 17. 
Austin, Samuel, i. 116. 
Austin, Jonathan- Williams, iii. 301. 
Avery, Capt. ix. 88. 
Avery, David, v. 49. 
Avery, John, of Truro, ordained, ix. 

196. Character, iii. 201. 
Avery, John, of Boston, iii. 201. 
Awasuncks, Squaw Sachem of Saconet. 

ix. 204. Submits to the Government 

of Plymouth, v. 193. 195. 197. Her 

Sons. x. 114. 
Axe, Indian, ix. 101. 
Ayers, Perkins, x. 60. 61. 
Ayies, Col. ii. 218. 
Ayres, Obadiah. vi. 240. 



Babcock, , Printer, vi. 77. 

Bachellor, , Surveyor, viii. 123. 

Bachelor, , Minister, x. 26. 

Bachelor, Joseph, ix. 195. 
Backus, Isaac, iii. 2. 151. 
Bacon's Rebellion in Virginia, v 

Bacon, , Minister, iv. 131. 

Bacon, John, Minister, iii. 258. 

tee of Williams College, viii. 49. 
Bacon, Nathaniel, viii. 152. 
Badger, Stephen, v. 32. 263. viii. 22. 
Bagley, Col. vi. 36. 
Bahama Islands surrendered to the Span 

iards. ii. 229. 
Bailey, Gen. ii. 125. 
Bailey, James, ix. 195. 
Bailey, John. vi. 5. 
Bailey's Creek, iii. 85. 
Baker, Gardiner, v. 292. • 
Baker, James, ix. 189. 
Baker's Island, vi. 219. 241. 
Baker's Pond. x. 76. 
Baker's Spring, iii. 8. 
Balcarras, Earl of. ii. 125. 
Bald Head in York. iii. 7. 
Baldwin, Samuel, x. 87. 
Baldwin, Thomas, iii. 264. 
Baldwin, William, x. 87. 
Balfour, Col. ii. 215. 
Banana, ix. 245. 
Bancroft, Aaron, i. 116. 
Banford, or Buford, Col. ii. 186. 
Bangs, Edward, viii. 164. His poster- | attc 

ity. viii. 168. 
Bank, Massachusetts, the first in Boston. 

iii. 275. 
Bank, National, established at Philadel- {] ^ 

phia. ii. 211. iart ° 

Baptism, disputes concerning, in New- 1 j* 00 

England, x. 35. 



General Index. 


jSaptiste, John. vi. 109. 
Baptists, law made against in Massachu- 
i setts, vi. 255. First form a Church 
ij in Boston, vi. 262. 
kaptist Indian Church at Gay-Head. i. 
;[ 206. 

baptist Indian Church at Nantucket, i. 
:[ 207. 

Baptist Church in Swanzey, the first in 
|[ Massachusetts, iii. 151. 
|8arclay, Commodore, ii. 171. 
(Barclay, Missionary, iv. 54. 
Barefoot. Walter, x. 44. 
j Barker, Daniel, ix. 138. 
iSarker, Joseph, iii. 1. 150. 
(Barkers of Pembroke, ix. 258. 
parley Neck. viii. 187. 189. 
jiarlow, Joel. vi. 77. 
Barnard, John, prays at Salem Century 
i Lecture, iv. 219. Donation to Har- 
I vard College, viii. 62. Memoirs of. 
I viii. 66. Character, x. 157. 166. 
Barnard, Thomas, of Salem, vi. 273. 
Sarnard, Thomas, jun. of Salem, vi. 
j[ 275. 

Barnard, Thomas, of Andover. x. 170. 
Barnes, David, iii. 173.. 
iarnes, Major, vii. 76. 203. 
Barnstable County, Indians in, converted 
I to Christianity, viii. 170. Number of 
I Indians in. i. 201. 230. Indian places 
tt\ within and near. i. 230. 
Barnstable County, length and breadth 
U of. iii. 12. Made a Shire, iii. 12. 
! Eastern Coast of described, viii. 110. 
iarnstable Town, Cummaquid or Mat- 

tachiest Harbour in. viii. 237. 254. 
I Indians in. i. 197. 230. Description 
I of. iii. 12. Settled, iv. 111. Note 
(| on the South part of. viii. 141. 
iarque Warwick Creek, ix. 163. 
i^arras, Admiral de. ii. 211. 
Carres', des, Charts commenced, iii. 97. 
I! viii. 144. 197. 

Barrett, Samuel, ordained, x. 82. Char- 
I acter. iv. 16. 
uarrington, Admiral, ii. 178. 
; .»arrington, Lord. ii. 33. Character, i. 
I 105. 

farrington, Lord, Secretary at War. ii. 
V 133. 

Uarrington, part of annexed to Rhode- 
i Island, i. 211. 

.anington in Nova-Scotia, iii. 96. x. 82. 
Nartlett, George, x. 96. 
jtartlett, Joseph, iv. 132. 
hartlett, Josiah. v. 291. 
jlarton, Benjamin-Smith, v. 292. 
barton, Col. takes Gen. Prescott pris- 
|{ oner. ii. 107. Attacks the enemy at 
1] Bristol Perry, ii. 138. 
Narton, William, x. 192. 
barton's Point, iii. 241. 242. 
ivascom, Jonathan, viii. 195. 
^ascorn, Timothy, viii. 117. 

Baskets of the Indians, i, 151. iii. 212. 
viii. 210. 216. 

Bass, the Fish. iii. 224. 

Bass, Edward, Bishop, viii. 78. Me- 
moir of. ix. 188. 

Bass, John. ix. 189/ 

Bass Hole in Dennis, viii. 130. 

Bass Hole in Chatham Beach, viii. 116. 

Bass, or Beverly River, vi. 216. 

Bass River in Yarmouth, iii. 17. viii. 

Bass River Village, viii. 139. 

Bat in Demerary. vi. 2. 

Baterne, Penobscot Indian, ix. 225. 

Batut, Lieut, ii. 85. 

Baum, Col., Burgoyne's Instructions to. 
ii. 25. Defeated by General Stark. 
ii. 28. 110. vi. 170. 

Baxter, , Missionary, v. 113. 

Baxter, Joseph, ix. 195. 

Bayley, , Preacher, vi. 265. 

Baylies, William, v. 291. 

Baylor, Col. ii. 152. 
"Beach, , Printer, vi. 77. 

Beach Grass forms hills, viii. 110. 156. 
Manner of Planting, viii. 197. Its 
uses. x. 75. 

Beach Hill in York. iii. 9. 

Beach Hill in Wellfieet. iv. 41. 

Beach Point, viii. 220. 

Beacon Hill. iii. 244. 

Beale, Benjamin, ix. 191. 

Beal's Cove. vi. 217. 

Bean, Joseph, x. 140. 

Beans cultivated by the Indians, i. 150. 
iii. 208. viii. 214. ix. 99. 100. 

Bear, Great, Indian name for the con- 
stellation of. iii. 206-218. 

Bear Swamp, x. 14. 

Beards, Indians do not wear. viii. 227. 

Beasts in Canada, vi. 57. In Connecti- 
cut, iv. 271. In Demerary. vi. 3. In 
Labrador, i. 236. In Massachusetts 
and Maine, i. 119. iii. 189. 240. viii. 
122. ix. 138. 228. In New-England. 
i. 129. 249. iii. 78. 222. In New- 
York, ix. 99. In Surrinam. i. 63. 
In Virginia, iii. 86. 

Beasts, Methods of Preserving, iv. 8. 

Beau Basin, iii. 96. 

Beaufort, Action near. ii. 163. 

Beauharnois, Marquis of, Gov. of Can- 
ada, vi. 53. Incites the Indians to 
make war on the people of New- 
England, vi. 112. 

Beaver, iii. 222. 

Bedford incorporated, i. 237. 

Bedford in New- York burnt, ii. 169. 

Bee, Lieut. Gov. ii. 166. 

Beech Hill. ix. 157. 

Beech Ridge, iii. 9. 

Beers, Capt. vi. 206. 

Behmus's Heights, Battle of. ii. 25. 
116. vi. 170. 

Belcher, Andrew, vii. 28. 34. 


General Index. 

Belcher, Jonathan, Gov. of Massachu- 
setts, iii. 194. Gov. of New-Jersey. 
vii. 101. 136. 

Belcher, Joseph, x. 170. 

Belcher, Lieut. Gov. of Nova- Scotia, 
iii. 102. Makes a Treaty of Peace 
with the Indians, x. 116. 

Belcher, Minister at the Isles of Shoals, 
vii. 254. 

Belcher, Samuel, x. 168. 

Bellamont, Earl of. iii. 194. 

Bellamy, the Pirate's Fleet Shipwrecked, 
iii. 120. 

Bellin's American Maps. vi. 133. 

Bellingham, Richard, iii. 194. 

Bellyhac Hill. vi. 214. 

Belknap, Jeremy, Minister, iii. 262. 
Pounder of the Historical Society, 
viii. 102. Life and Character, vi. 10. 

Benezet, Anthony, iv. 201. 

Bennet of Virginia, ix. 45. 

Bennington, Battle of. ii. 28. 110. vi. 

Bentley, William. P. H. S. v. 291. 
Minister, vi. 274. 

Benton, Edward, x. 96. 

Berbice. i. 65. 

Berdt, Dennis de. ii. 44. 

Berkley, Sir William, v. 142. 

Bermuda Hundred, iii. 85. 

Bernard, Prancis, Gov. of Massachusetts, 
iii. 195. Causes a Survey to be made 
of Passamaquoddy Bay. iii. 94. Plans 
Hollis Hall. x. 188. Dissolves the 
General Court, ii. 43. Recalled, ii. 

Bernard, Richard, ix. 16. 

Berries in New-England, i. 119. iii. 

Berwick, i. 103. 

Betts, Thomas, x. 96. 

Betty's Neck. iii. 1. 

Beverley, Peter, v. 148. 

Beverley, Robert, v. 144. 

Beverley, William, vii. 181. 

Beverly incorporated, vi. 233. Upper 
Parish in. vi. 272. 

Bible translated into the Indian lan- 
guage by Eliot, i. 172. vii. 24.. viii. 
33. x. 9. Dedications to. i. 174. vii. 
222. Printed at the expense of the 
Corporation for Propagating the Gos- 
pel, i. 212. iii. 182. 183. New-Tes- 
tament printed, i. 176. iii. 180. Old- 
Testament printed, iii. 181. 186. Sec- 
ond edition completed, iii. 187. 

Billerica incorporated, vii. 28. 

Billings, Isaac, ix. 186. 

Billings, Richard, graduated, ix. 183. 
Minister, ix. 204. 205. 

Billingsgate granted, viii. 165. Pur- 
chased of the Indians, viii. 169. 
North precinct of Eastham. viii. 176. 
Now Wellfieet. iii. 118. 

Billingsgate Indians, i. 196. x. 133. 

Billingsgate Oysters, mortality among, 
iii. 119. 

Billingsgate Point discovered, viii. 217. 
Porms Wellfieet Harbour, iii. 117. 
Now an Island, iv. 41. 

Billington, John, jun. viii. 161. 237. 

Billington Sea. viii. 221. 

Bimilick Brook, i. 114. 

Birch Hill. iii. 9. 

Bird, Col. ii. 94. 

Bird, Jonathan, ix. 191. 

Bird, Samuel, ix. 189. 

Bird Island, iii. 295. 

Birds in Connecticut, iv. 270. 271. 272. 
In Demerary. vi. 3. In Labrador, i. 
236. In Massachusetts, i. 121. viii. 
212. 214. In New-England, i. 129. 
iii. 199. 219. In New- York. ix. 100. 
In Rhode-Island, ix. 202. In Surri- 
nam. i. 63. In Virginia, iii. 86. 

Birds, Method of Preserving, iv. 9. 11. 

Birdsey, Nathan, x. 111. 

Bishop, John. iv. 182. x. 96. 

Bishop, Stephen, x. 96. 

Bishop, Nathaniel, x. 90. 

Bishops, American, Letters concerning, 
iii. 162. 

Bishops in America, Episcopalians in 
Boston petition Queen Anne to estab- 
lish, vii. 215. 

Bissel, Hezekiah. v. 169. 

Bite, a Cove in Dennis, viii. 130. 

Black, William, vii. 181. 

Black-Bird. iii. 219. 

Black- Fish. iii. 121. 

Black-Pish Creek, iv. 41. viii. 115. 

Black-Porks, Action at. ii. 200. 

Black-Lead Ore in Connecticut, ix. 152. 

Black-Rock. vi. 222. 

Black- Snake, v. 56. 

Blackstone River, i. 114. Its Indian 
name. i. 185. 

Black- Water Swamp, iii. 85. 

Blackwell, John. v. 247. 

Bladen, Thomas, vii. 171. 

Blair, James, President of William and 
Mary College, v. 145. Commissary 
of the Bishop of London, v. 163. 

Blair, Samuel, iii. 258. 

Blaithwait, William, v. 157. 159. 

Blake, Edward, ix. 194. 

Blake, James, ix. 189. 

Blake, Samuel, ix. 185. 

Blake, William, ix. 194. 

Blanchard, Joseph, x. 52. 

Blanche Point, i. 7. 

Blandford in Virginia, iii. 91. 

Blasphemy, a man tried for, in Boston, 
ix. 38. 

Blatchley, Samuel, x. 96. 

Blaxton, or Blackston, first Settler of 
Boston, iii. 63. 241. Styles the first 
Planters of Massachusetts Lords 
Brethren, ix. 2. Removes from Bos- 
ton, ix. 4. 

General Index. 


[Blinman, , Minister, ix. 39. x. 26. 

Bliss, John. v. 170. 
.(Block-Island, x. 111. 
Block-Island Indians, i. 147. 
JBlood, Caleb, v. 275. 
,Bloomfield, Col. ii. 124. 
Blossom, Thomas, in Leyden. iii. 41. 44. 
; Deacon in Plymouth, iv. 111. vii. 272. 
blowers, Thomas, ix. 197. x. 170. 
Blowmedovvn, Cape. iii. 97. 
Blueberry Swamp, vi. 213. 
31ue-Fish. iii. 159. 199. 
Blue-Hill. i. 184. ix. 159. 
siBoat-Meadow River, viii, 155. 
'Boggachoag Brook, i. 114. 192. 
Boggachoag Hill. i. 113. 192. 
J3ollan, William, Agent of Massachu- 
setts, i. 50. 53. vi. 41. 129. Agent 
j of the Council, iii. 110. Author, iii. 
II 301. Friend to New- England, ix. 268. 
Bolton in Massachusetts, x. 82. 
Bolton Mountain, Notch in. ix. 80. 
iiooge, Aaron-J. v. 169. 
Soon Island, iii. 7. 
jsoreman, William, x. 96. 
ioscawen, Admiral, vii. 91. 105. 
Boston settled, i. 256. hi. 77. viii. 39. 
; ix, 19. 149. Description of. iii. 241. 
• Fires and Fire-Engines, iv. 188. 211. 
\ Burials and Baptisms, iv. 213. 298. 
, Inhabitants oppose Gov. Winthrop. 
.] ix. 28. State in 1673, iv. 217. Churches 
i make annual Collections for propagat- 
>\ ing the Gospel among the Indians, i. 
! 213. Great Fire in 1711. v. 52. Small 
1 Pox in 1721 & 1752. v. 207. Inhab- 
itants oppose the Stamp Act. ii- 43. 
|! Merchants agree not to import British 
I Goods, ii. 43. 44. British Troops 
I arrive, ii. 44. Proceedings in, cen- 
|| sured by the House of Lords, ii. 44. 
i Massacre, ii. 44. Port shut by Act 
of Parliament, ii. 46. iii. 116. 244. 
i viii. 59. Inhabitants deliver up their 
ilfire arms to Gen. Gage. ii. 48. 53. 
Evacuated by the British Troops, ii. 
j 63. See table of Contents at the end 
jof Vol. iii. 

oston, First Church, seventeen minis- 
fjters protest against, for settling Mr. 
Davenport, x. 34. 

)tten, of the Sect of the Brownists. 
fix. 11. 

ipucher, Robert, vi. 274. 
tbudinot, Elias, President of Congress. 
Ipi. 231. Thanks Gen. Washington, ii. 
r ibuetox in Nova- Scotia, x. 115. 
iound- Brook, Harwich, x. 72. 
iDund-Brook, Wellfleet. viii. 169. 
. limnd-Brook Island, iii. 197. iv. 41. 
jturdillon, Benedict, vii. 172. 201. 
I urne, Ezra. iii. 190. 
I urne, Joseph, Minister of Marshpee. 
I ii. 190. Ordained, v. 206. 

Bourne, Richard, Minister in Sandwich, 
iii. 188. Preaches to the Indians, i. 
172. 196, iii. 189. viii. 170. Pastor 
of Marshpee. i. 204. iii. 190. Salary 
from the Society for Propagating the 
Gospel, i. 218. Character, iii. 189. 
Descendants, iii, 190, 191. 

Bourne, Shearjashub. iii. 190. 

Bours, Peter, Minister, viii. 69. Char- 
acter, viii. 77. 

Bowdoin, James, Gov. of Massachusetts, 
iii. 195. viii. 95. 98. President of 
Convention, iii. 245. Author, iii. 

Bo wen, Penuel. iii. 261. 

Bowers, , of Guilford, iv. 187. 

Bowers, James, viii. 78. 

Bowles, John. viii. 35. 

Bowles, Samuel, x. 61. 

Bowman, Jonathan, Minister, i. 99. 
ix. 167. 177. 

Bowman, Jonathan, jun. ix. 189. 

Bowman, Joseph, x. 86. 

Bowman, William, ix. 189. 

Bownd, Ephraim. iii. 264. 

Boyd, Capt. killed, ii. 177. 

Boyle, Robert, Gov. of the Society for 
Propagating the Gospel, i. 213. v. 
262. Instances of his Charity, iii. 
177- 178. 181. 187. v. 262. 

Boylston, Zabdiel, introduces Inocula- 
tion, iii. 291. Author, iii. 301. 

Bradbury, Capt. ix. 219. 

Braddock, Gen. an active Officer, vii. 
70. Meets a Convention of Govern- 
ours. vii. 89. Marches to the Ohio, 
vii. 91. Defeated by the Indians, iii. 
23. vii. 92. 

Bradford, , minister in Catskill. ix. 


Bradford, Alden. F. H. S. v. 291. 
Minister, vii. 163. 

Bradford, Andrew, vi. 64. 

Bradford, Gamaliel, v. 291. 

Bradford, John. v. 291. 

Bradford, Major, x. 133. 

Bradford, William, his Journey from 
Cape Cod Harbour to Pamet River, 
viii. 207 — 212. In danger of being 
burned, viii. 224. Gov. of Plymouth, 
iii. 42. 194. Sends a Defiance to Ca- 
nonicus. viii. 240. Refuses to deliver 
Tisquantum into the hands of Massa- 
soit. viii. 244. Sails to Monaymoyick. 
viii. 249. Thence to Massachusetts, 
and Nauset. viii. 250. Travels to 
Namasket and Manomet. viii. 252. 
Communicates the Conspiracy of the 
Indians to the Court of Plymouth, 
viii. 265. Gives the Right Hand ef 
Fellowship to the Ministers of Salem 
Church, iv. 219. Prays and exhorts 
in the Church, iv. 136. x. 2. < Trade 
of Plymouth assigned to him and 
others for six years, iii. 60. Com- 

VOL. X. 



General Index. 

plains of the Conduct of the Settlers 
of Windsor, ix. 153. Proposes the 
settlement of Nauset. viii. 163. Kind- 
ness to R. Williams, i. 276. Charac- 
ter, vii. 275. hi. 58. x. 1. Death. 
viii. 1G6. 

Bradshaw, , of Connecticut, ix. 


Bradstreet, Capt. arrives at Oswego 
with 200 men. vii. 96. Commands 
the Batteau-men on Lake Ontario, vii. 
150. Engagement with the French. 
vii. 155. ' 

Bradstreet, Col. in the Expedition to 
Cape Breton, i. 20. Commended by- 
Gen. Pepperell. i. 40. 52. Sent by 
him to take possession of Louisbourg. 
i. 46. Censured by Dr. Chauncy. i. 
51. Marches with an army to Niagara 
and Detroit, x. 122. 

Bradstreet, Dudley, v. 245. 

Bradstreet, Simon, Secretary of Massa- 
chusetts, vii. 7. One of the first Set- 
tlers of Cambridge, vii. 10. A pop- 
ular Magistrate, iv. 217. Gov. of 
Massachusetts, iii. 194. Head of the 
moderate party, i. 229. Appointed 
Counsellor on the Dissolution of the 
Charter, v. 245. Opposed to the 
Witchcraft Delusion, v. 75. Death, 
vi. 271. Epitaph, vi. 288. 

Bradstreet, Simon, Minister of Charles- 
town, viii. 75. x. 170. 

Bradstreet, Simon, Minister in Marble- 
head, viii. 75. 

Brainerd, David, x. 55. 

Brandon, Benjamin, iii. 300. 

Brandt, Onondaga Indian, vii. 99. 

Brandt, Joseph, Mohawk Chief, i. 286. 
Translates the Gospel of Mark. x. 
154. Murders his Son. v. 18. 

Brandy-Pond. iii. 239. _ 

Brandy wine, Battle of. ii. 114. 

Brannons, Col. ii. 204. 

Bras-d'or in Cape- Breton, iii. 99. 

Brattle, Thomas, of Boston, iii. 300. 

Brattle, Thomas, of Cambridge, Me- 
moirs of. viii. 82. F. H. S. v. 291. 
His Gardens, vii. 5. Death, vii. 58. 

Brattle, William, Minister of Cambridge. 
Ordained, vii. 32. Memoirs of. vii. 
55. A solid preacher, vi. 79. An em- 
inent man. x. 164. Character, x. 168. 

Brattle, William, Brigadier- General, vii. 
58. viii. 82. 

Brattle's Bay discovered, ii. 22. 

Brattle- Street Church erected, iii. 260. 
With a Constitution differing from 
that of the other Congregational 
Churches, ix. 17. x. 35. 

Brave- Boat Harbour, iii. 7. 

Bray, Thomas- Wells, x. 95. 

Breck, Robert, graduated, ix. 184. Min- 
ister, iv. 47. x. 89. An eminent 
Man. x. 170. 

Breed's, or Bunker-hill, Battle of. ii. 49. 
vi. 159. 

Brenton, William, vi. 144. 145. 

Brentwood incorporated, iv. 87. 

Brewster, William, removes from Hol- 
land, vii. 268. Ruling elder, iv. 108. 
Refuses to accept the office of pastor, 
vii. 271. Preaches in the church, x. 
2. An eminent man. vii. 275. x. 1. 
73. Death and character, iv. 113. 

Brewster, Description of. x. 72. 

Brewster Islands, iii. 295. 

Breyman, Lieut. Col. ii. 121. 

Breynton, , Minister, x. 82. _. 

Brian t, Solomon, Indian, iii. 191. 

Bricket, Gen. ii. 125. 

Bridge, Christopher, iii. 259. 

Bridge, John. vii. 10. 

Bridge, Josiah. x. 87. 

Bridge, Thomas, iii. 257. vi. (5.) Or- 
dained, ix. 195. 

Bridge water, Number of Indians in. i. 

Bridgham, James, ix. 134. 

Bridgton described, iii. 240. 

Briggs, Ephraim, Chymist. viii. 138. 
Minister, viii. 154. 

Bright, , Minister, viii. 40. A mod- 
erate man. ix. 2. 

Brimfield, description of. ix. 127. 

Brimsmead, William, educated at Cam- 
bridge, i. 99. ix. 179. Minister, iv. 
47. 122. x. 89. 

Brinley. Francis, y. 247. 250. 252. 

Brintnall, William, x. 87. 

Bristol County, Number of Indians in. 
i. 201. Insurrection in crushed, iii. 

Bristol Town annexed to Rhode- Island, 
i. 211. Cannonaded, ii. 56. Partly 
burnt, ii. 138. 

Bristow, Richard, x. 96. 

British Colonies in North- America, Ob- 
servations on. i. 71. Importance of 
to Great-Britain, i. 73. Plan for 
securing their dependence, i. 77. 
Amount of Exports to in 1754. i. 79. 

British Army in North America, num- 
bers of, in 1776. ii. 73. In 1777. ii.i 

British Provinces in North America, a 
General Governour appointed over, 
iii. 102. vi. 55. 

British Troops arrive at Boston in 1768. I f)' ai 
ii. 44. ; H 

Brock, John. vii. 254. ^ 

Brocklebank, Capt. v. 271. 

Brock well, Charles, Minister in Salem. 

vi. 274. 275. In Boston, iii. 260. 
Bromfield. Edward, ix. 177. 
Brookfleld, Indian Town in. i. 194. 

History of. i. 257. Description of. i. 

Brooks, John. ii. 235. 237. 
Broom, Elder, x. 2. 








General Index. 


Brothertown Indians, numbers of. iv. 
67. v. 13. 23. ix. 90. Account of. 
iv. 68. v. 26. 27. Mistake respecting 
them corrected, vi. 146. 

Brown, , Minister of Portsmouth. 

x. 39. 
Brown, Family of, in Salem, vi. 287. 
Its donations, vi. 239. 272. Opposes 
the Salem Church, vi. 242. ix. 3. 
Two of the name attend the Synod of 
1679. vi. 263. 

Brown, , Minister of Sudbury, x. 26. 

Brown, Andrew, v. 292. 

Brown, Arthur, of Dublin, x. 59. 

Brown, Arthur, of Portsmouth, x. 57. 

His children, x. 70. 
Brown, Asaph, ix. 138. 
Brown, Chaplain in Halifax, x. 80. 
Brown, Clark, ix. 135. 
Brown, Col. killed, ii. 197. 
Brown, Col. British, ii. 230. 
Brown, Domine. ix. 206. 
Brown, Edmund, x. 86. 
Brown, Eider, ix. 21. 
"Brown, Gov. ii. 62. 
pBrown, Jabez ix. 137. 
rBrown, John. ix. 3. 
iBrown, John, Elder, vi. 243. 
i.fBrown, Joseph, of Charlestown. vi. 
I 287. 

.Brown, Joseph, of Exeter, iv. 88. 
►jBrown, Major, takes Chamblee. ii. 56. 
p (Col.) Expedition to Ticonderoga. ii. 
■ 117. 
•Brown, Marmaduke. x. 59, 71. 
Brown, Peter, viii. 223. 
Brown, Richard, x. 69. 
Brown, Robert, ix. 11. 
Brown, Samuel, ix. 3. 
Brown, Samuel, Col. vi. 241. 
Brown, Thaddeus. viii. 112. 
i RBrown, William, vi. 251. 266. Memoirs 
I of. vi. 287. 

HBrown, William- Hill. iii. 301. 
iprownists begin, ix. 11. The Settlers 
ij of Plymouth charged with being, iii. 
I 29. But they disclaim the name. iv. 
I 134. vii. 267. 
* Brown's Hill. vi. 217. 
■Brown's Island, viii. 220. 
dBrunswick, New- Jersey, British Expe- 
B dition against, ii. 162. 
3rush Valley, viii. 114. 
Bryant, John, Indian, x. 130. 
Suchanan, Capt. ii. 204. 
3uchanan, George, ix. 51. 
i Buckley, Peter, ix. 32. See Bulkley. 
ipuckminster, Joseph, x. 52. 
3ucks, Indians, vi. 13. 
rBultirich, Charles, architect, iii. 255. 
J F. H. S. x. 192. 
laulkley, Edward, vii. 47. 
bulkley, Edward, of MarshEeld. iv. 111. 
3ulkley, Gershom. x. 155. 
3ulkley, John. x. 155. 

Bulkley, Peter, minister, i. 241. x. 26. 

155. Agent, v. 221. 245. 
Bali, Gov. of Carolina, ii. 217. 
Bull, Henry, vi. 145. 
Bumkin Island, iii. 296. 
Bunker-Hill, Battle of. ii. 49. vi. 159. 
Burch, William, ii. 43. 
Burgoyne, Gen. arrives at Boston, ii. 
49. In Canada, ii. 65. Withdraws 
his troops from Lake Champlain. ii. 
80. Instructed to force his way to 
Albany, ii. 97. Issues his proclama- 
tion, ii. 105. Obtains possession of 
Ticonderoga. ii. 106. vi. 169. Crosses 
Lake George, ii. 107. His instruc- 
tions to Col. Baum. ii. 25. 109. Vin- 
dicates himself against the charge of 
barbarity, ii. 111. Battle of Behmus's 
Heights, ii. 116. vi. 170. Battle of 
Stillwater, ii. 121. His army is sur- 
rendered, ii. 123. And is placed in 
Cambridge, vii. 36. He embarks for 
England, ii. 134. 

Burke, , agent, ix. 268. 

Burke, Edmund, defends the right of 
Parliament to tax the Colonies, ix. 
282. Speaks against using the ex- 
tremes of war. ii. 157. 

Burnet, Bishop, ix. 249. 

Burnet, William, Governour. iii. 194. 
Author, iii. 300. A line scholar. 
viii. 75. 

Burr, Jonathan, minister of Dorchester, 
i. 99. Memoirs of. ix. 173. 

Burr, Jonathan, jun. ix. 181. 

Burr, Jonathan, minister of Sandwich, 
viii. 125. 

Burroughs, , of Salem village, vi. 

265. Executed, vi. 268. 

Burt, John. ii. 58. 

Burton, Lieut. Col. vii. 93. 

Burying, Indian manner of. iii. 238. v. 
170. vi. 231. viii. 215. 218. x. 109. 

Bushnell, Francis, x. 96. 

Butcher, John. ix. 161. 

Bute, Earl of. ii. 41. 

Butler, Capt, vii. 155. 

Butler, Col. in the Battle of Monmouth, 
ii. 143. In the storming of Stony- 
Point, ii. 170. Charges the enemy 
near Williamsburg, ii. 213. 

Butler, Gen. ii. 207. 

Butler, Richard, vii. 10. 

Butler, Walter, ii. 177. Killed, ii. 220. 

Butt-Brook, vi. 215. 

Butterlield, Major, ii. 64. 

Button- Island, iii. 296. 

Buzzard's Bay, places on and near. i. 
198. 199. 231. 232. 

Byfield, Col. enemy to Dudley, v. 197. 
Censured by Jeremy Dummer. vi. 78. 

Byfield, Nathaniel, enemy to Cotton 
Mather, iii. 138. Justice, v. 75. 

Byles, Mather, minister, iii. 262. Au- 
thor, iii. 301. v. 211. 


General Index. 

Byles, Mather, jun. iii. 261. 

Byram. Eliab. iii. 174. 

Byrd, William, v. 144. 

Byrne, John. vi. 77. 

Byron, Admiral, arrives at New-York, 
ii. 151. Comes on the coast of New- 
England, ii. 154. Sails to the West- 
Indies, vi. 173. His engagement 
with Count D'Estaing. ii. 178. vi. 


Cabissees, Indians, vi. 14. 

Cabot, Francis, x. 68. 

Cabot, John. ix. 54. 

Cabot, Sebastian. \x. 54. 

Cadaraqui, or Ontario Lake. vi. 132. 

Cadaraqui River, vii. 131. 

Caffinge, John. iv. 182. 

Cagigal, Spanish General, ii. 229. 

Caldwell, minister, killed, ii. 188. 

Caldwell, Mrs. killed, ii. 187. 

Calef, Robert, iii. 300. 

Call, Major, ii. 213. 

Callender, Elisha. iii. 259. 

Callender, Ellis, iii. 259. 

Callender, John, a judicious writer, ix. 
34. His opinion of Roger Williams. 
x. 19. His character of Nathaniel 
Clap. ix. 182. 

Calvert, Benedict, vii. 171. 

Calvert, Charles, vii. 199. 

Calvin's Opinion of the Sabbath, i. 281, 
Definition of Faith, ix. 9. 

Cambridge, History of. vii. 1. Short 
Description of. i. 107. Town of, pro- 
jected, to be called Newtown, viii. 
41. vii. 7. Synod of, held. ii. 7. vii. 
25. ix. 49. Printing Press erected at. 
i. 176. vii. 19. Election of Counsel- 
lors held at, 1770. ii. 44. vii. 35. In- 
dian College built, i. 176. 212. vii. 24. 
Account of the College in 1643. i. 242. 
Old College burnt, i. 3. vii. 5. See 

Cambridge Platform composed, vii. 25. 
Account of. x. 2. 7. 

Cambridge-Village, v. 253. vii. 28. 

Camden, Lord, friend to the Colonies, 
ix. 282. Opposed to the American 
war. ii. 103. Speech against the 
Manifesto of the British Commission- 
ers, ii. 156. 

Camden, Battle of. ii. 189. Evacuated 
by Lord Rawdon. ii. 211. 

Campbell, Archibald, taken prisoner, 
ii. 65. Takes Savannah, ii. 155. ix. 
158. His progress in Georgia, ii. 
163. Returns to England, ii. 166. 

Campbell, Col. at the Siege of Quebec, 
ii. 60. 

Campbell, Gen. of Maine, iii. 147. 

Campbell, John. v. 209. vi. 67. 

Campbell, Lieut. Col. ii. 219. 

Campbell, William, Col. Defeats Major 
Ferguson, ii. 198. In the Battle of 

Guilford Court-house, ii. 207. And 
of Eutaw Springs, ii. 218. 

Campbell, William, Lord, Governour of 
Nova-Scotia, iii. 102. Deserts his 
Government of South- Carolina, ii. 
63. Wounded, ii. 66. At Newport, 
ii. 84. 

Campo-Bello Island, iii. 95. 

Canacum, Sachem of Manomet. viii. 
253. Visited by Capt. Standish. viii. 
255. Dies. viii. 273. 

Canada, State of. vi. 48. Governours 
of. vi. 53. Boundary of. vi. 131. 
Affords few Exports, i. 78. 

Canada, County of. vi. 186. 

Canada Indians, i. 161. 

Canada Lakes, Plan for discovering, i. 

Canadaqua. i. 285. 

Canada- Saga Lake. i. 285. 

Canajohary Falls, vii. 146. 

Canal projected from Buzzard's to Barn- 
stable Bay. viii. 122. 253. 

Canaumut Neck. i. 231. 

Cane, Samuel, i. 104. 

Caner, Henry, minister, iii. 260. Au- 
thor, iii. 301. 

Cannasatiego, Onondago Chief, vii. 179. 
Speech made to him by the Commis- 
sioner for Maryland, vii. 185. He 
answers the speech, vii. 186. A fa- 
mous orator, vii. 3 93. Makes a Treaty 
with the English, vii. 195. Makes 
another speech, vii. 197. 

Cannete, Marquis of. iv. 239. 

Canonicus, Sachem of Narraganset. iii. 
229. Sends a defiance to the English 
of Plymouth, viii. 240. His speech 
to Roger Williams, iii. 215. Subjects 
himself and lands to Charles I. v. 

Canso, Gut of. iii. 98. 

Canton-Kill. ix. 112. 

Capawock Indians, viii. 262. 

Cape- Breton, Auchmuty's proposals for 
the Conquest of. v. 202. Expedition 
against, i. 5. The Expedition ap- 
proved by the King. i. 25. Grand 
battery abandoned by the French, i. 
26. New-England forces make five 
unsuccessful attempts on the Island 
battery, i. 35. Expedition successful, 
i. 46. 48. Expense of it reimbursed 
by Parliament, i. 57. 

Cape-Breton, Description of. iii. 99. 

Cape-Elizabeth, Iron ore at. ix. 257. 

Capen, Joseph, ix. 182. 

Capissahns, Indians, vi. 14. 

Captain's Hill. ii. 5. 

Cards, Wool, Machines invented for the 
manufacture of in Massachusetts, iii. 
279. iv. 207. vii. 3. 

Cargill, James, ix. 225. 

Caribogres, mixed race in Demerary. 
vi. 14. 

General Index. 


arleton, Sir Guy, Gov. of Canada, vi. 

5i. A humane officer, i. 111. De- 

\ fends Quebec, ii. 59. Receives suc- 

• cours from England, ii. 64. Takes 
; | possession of Crown- Point, ii. 79. vi. 
1 164. Quits it. ii. 80. Makes prepa- 
rations for Gen. Burgoyne's Expedi- 
tion, ii. 97. 124. Embarks for Eng- 
land, ii. 113. Succeeds Gen. Clinton. 

iiii. 226. Refuses to deliver up the 
i murderers of Huddy. ii. 228. Lord 
I Dorchester, and Gov. General, vi. 55. 
Carlisle, Lord, British Commissioner, 
| arrives in America, ii. 139. Returns 
4 to England, ii. 154. 
:Brlisle incorporated, i. 237. 

armichael, , of Maryland, ii. 175. 

.krpenter, Ezra. ix. 197. 
jarr, Caleb, vi. 145. 
£rr, Robert. Charles 2d's Commission- 
Mer to the Colonies, v. 193. 218. 230. 

jarter, , minister of Woburn. x. 26. 

■•[Ordained, ix. 39. 
brteret, Capt. iv. 239. 
krtwright, George, Charles 2d's Com- 
imissioner to the Colonies, v. 193. 218. 

arver, John. viii. 212. 224. Gov. of 
.Plymouth, iii. 194. viii. 232. Deacon, 
liv.'lll. vii. 272. Makes a Treaty with 
jMassasoit. viii. 230. Dies. iv. 108. 

♦ arver, Federal furnace in. ix. 258. 
jasasinaman, Indian, x. 101. 
jksco, Tax of, 1645. i. 102. 
ipsco-Bay. iii. 141. 

asco Indians, ix. 210. 
ase, Isaac, iv. 23. 
ipstine, Baron, ix. 218. 
astine, Town. ix. 219. 
^kstle-Hill. vi. 215. 217. 
fctle-Island. iii. 296. 298. 
13 well, Gen. ii. 190. 

itawbas, or Cataupas. vii. 190. Num- 
bers of in 1768. x. 120. In 1780. iv. 
j 100. 

jjitaumut on Buzzard's Bay. i. 231. 
Jkt-Cove. vi. 216. 

kterpillars. v. 281. 

athance River, iii. 142. 
ikt-Island. vi. 221. 

iktskill, Description of. ix. 111. Moun- 
litains. ix. 111. River, ix. 112. Cats- 
llkill- landing Village, ix. 116. 
rfjrttle first brought to New-England. 

;iii. 35. Price of. iii. 78. 

mghnawaugas. x. 147. 
Iftuhtuntoowut, or Cautantowwit, the 

good god of the Indians, x. 108. 

iulfield, Capt. ii. 84. 

mnauhstansey, Abraham, Mohawk 
IjChief. x. 145. 

mnaujohhaury, or Kanajoharry. x. 
J 143. 

uineeyenkees, or Mohawks, x. 143. 

uitantowwit, the creator god of the 

Indians, iii. 205. 228. To whom 
their souls go after death, iii. 200. 
227. 228. Who sent them corn and 
beans, iii. 20G. 219. 227. Who is 
superiour to all other gods. x. 108. 

Cawesitt Indians, i. 147. 

Cayugas, one of the Five Nations of In- 
dians, v. 120. vii. 152. Numbers 
employed by the British, x. 123. 
Numbers in 1794. v. 23. 

Cayuga Lake. i. 285. 

Cayenne, i. 65. 

Cedar- Island, vii. 243. 

Cedars Fort taken, ii. 64. Battle of. 
ii. 64. 

Chabanakongkomun, Indian town. iii. 
185. Pond. iii. 185. 

Chactaws, numbers of, employed by the 
British, x. 123. Numbers in 1780. 
iv. 99. Specimen of their Language, 
ix. 94. 96. 

Chaleur-Bay. iii. 95. 99. 

•Chalk in Maine, ix. 143. 

Chalybeate Spring in Cambridge, vii. 2. 

Chamberlain, Ephrairn. ix. 145. 

Chamberlain, John. ix. 140. 

Chamberlain, Nathaniel, ix. 140. 144. 

Chamberlayne, , Benefactor to Har- 
vard College, vi. 118. 

Chambers, , one of the Congress at 

Albany, vii. 76. 203. Counsellor of 
New-York. vii. 89. Judge of the 
Supreme Court, vii. 143. 

Chamblee Fort taken, ii. 56. 

Champernoons, Francis, v. 245. 

Charnpernoons' Island, iii. 7. 

Champlain Lake, Naval engagement on, 
1776. ii. 79. 

Chandler, , one of the Congress at 

Albany, vii. 76. 203. 

Chandler, Dr. x. 164. 

Chandler, Samuel, iii. 10. x. 70. 

Chandler's Island, iii. 96. 

Chapel Rocks, ix. 164. 

Chaplin, Daniel, ix. 144. 

Chapoquit Harbour, viii. 128. 

Chappaquiddick Island, i. 204. Num- 
ber of Indians on. i. 205. 206. 

Chappeaurouge-Bay. i. 6. 28. 

Chappel, William, ix. 42. 

Charcoal improved by age. ix. 261. 

Charles I. iii. 194. Hopes entertained 
of him at the beginning of his reign, 
iii. 40. Sketch of Transactions in the 
first part of his reign, iii. 50. Account 
of his Trial, ii. 36. 

Charles II. iii. 194. Grants a new 
Charter to the Society for Propagating 
the Gospel, i. 213. 

Charles, Cape, on the Eskimeaux coast. 
i. 233. 

Charles-city County, iii. 85. 

Charles-river, i. 107. vii. 2. 

Charles-river Bridge, iii. 11. 245. 

Charleston, South- Carolina, taken by 


General Index. 

Gen. Clinton, ii. 184. 186. Evacuated 
by the British, ii. 234. 

Charlestown, Massachusetts begins, i. 
124. Gov. Winthrop and Company 
arrive at. viii. 39. Sickness at, 1630. 
iii. 75. Boston settled from it. ix. 
19. Its Church the second in Massa- 
chusetts, vii. 15. Burnt, ii. 49. 54. 

Charlevoix, Historian, iii. 98. 

Charnock, . x. 27. 

Charter and Proprietary Governments, 
bill for regulating, vii. 220. 

Charters of the Colonies, Weare's opin- 
ion of. i. 76. 

Chase- garden River, viii. 129. 

Chatfield, George, x. 96. 

Chatham, Earl of, Friend to the Colo- 
nies, ix. 282. His Speech in their 
favour, 1775. ii. 47. A wise and suc- 
cessful minister, ii. 51. His motion 
for an accommodation with the Uni- 
ted States, ii. 103. 

Chatham, Description of. viii. 142. In- 
dian name of. i. 197. viii. 249. Beach, 
viii. 116. Which is continually gain- 
ing South, viii. 144. Harbour, viii. 
116. 143. 249. 

Chaubaqueduck. x. 132. See Chappa- 

Chauncy, , of Durham, x. 178. 

Chauncy, Charles, President, Life of. x. 
171. Preaches in Plymouth, iv. 111. 
Minister of Scituate. iv. 112. Elected 
President, iv. 112. vii. 27. A learned, 
godly, and worthy man. iv. 111. vi. 
101. x. 30. A poor man. ix. 156. 
Held that baptism ought to be by dip- 
ping, iv. 112. x. 30. His sons. x. 

Chauncy, Charles, minister in Boston, 
iii. 257. vi. (5.) Studies and works, 
iii. 301. x. 161. 179. 

Chauncy, Elnathan. x. 178. 

Chauncy, Isaac, x. 177. 

Chauncy, Ichabod. x. 177. 

Chauncy, Israel, x. 178. 

Chauncy, Nathaniel, x. 178. 

Chauncy-pond. x. 84. 

Chebassa Strait, ix. 243. 

Checkley, John. viii. 77. 

Check ley, Samuel, minister, iii. 261. 
Author, iii. 301. 

Checkley, Samuel, jun. minister, iii. 
258. Author, iii. 301. 

Cheekwakut, or Chequocket. iii. 15. 

Cheeschaumuck, Caleb, i. 173. vii. 25. 

Cheesman, Capt. ii. 60. 

Cheever, Edward, viii. 185. 

Cheever, Ezekiel, schoolmaster, iii. 266. 
viii. 66. Author, iii. 300. Dies. ix. 

Cheever, Israel, iv. 235. 

Cheever, Samuel, viii. 65. x. 168. 

Chekatabut, Sachem, slain, i. 167. See 

Cheney, Thomas, i. 265. 

Chequockftt, in Barnstable, i. 230. 

Cheraws, numbers of. x. 120. 

Cherokees, a warlike People, vii. 153. 
Numbers in 1758. x. 120. In 1780. 
iv. 100. Numbers employed by the 
British, x. 123. 

Chesapeak-bay. i. 157. 

Chesnut. iii. 220. 

Chester, Nova- Scotia, x. 82. 

Chew, Benjamin, vii. 173. 

Chew, Chief Justice, ii. 113. 

Chickasaws, numbers of in 1768. x. 121. 
In 1780. iv. 100. Numbers employed 
by the British, x. 123. Language 
and situation, ix. 95. 

Chickataubut, Sagamore, oppresses 
Weston's Plantation, viii. 37. Visits 
Gov. Winthrop. vii. 8. Punishes two 
of his men for assaulting the English. 
ix. 151. Dies. vii. 9. See Obtakiest. 

Chickataubut, Josiah, sells lands to the 
English, ix. 160. Slain, i. 167. 

Chickopee River, i. 271. ix. 129. 

Chigabennakadik in Nova- Scotia, x. 116. 

Chignecto in Nova- Scotia, x. 116. Chan- 
nel, iii. 97. 101. 

Child, Robert, ix. 47. 

Children, Indians indulgent to their, i. 
149.182.219. iii. 211. vii. 189. ix. 232. 

Chilmark. Indian praying towns in. i. 
204. Number of Indians in. i. 206. 
x. 131. 

Chippeways. vi. 140. vii. 123. Num- 
bers, x. 122. Language, ix. 92. 

Chittenden, William, iv. 182. x. 96. 

Choate, John. ix. 221. 

Choctaws, numbers of. x. 121. 

Chokchoomah. ix. 95. 

Chonuntoowaunees, or Senecas. x. 147. 

Christianity, many Indians in New- 
England converted to. vii. 224. 

Christiantown, Number of Indians in. 
i. 206. 

Chudley, Cape. i. 233. 

Church, Capt. Benjamin, attacked by 
the Indians in Middleborough. iii. 
148. Humanity to the Indians, i. 
104. His expedition to Port-Royal, 
iii. 132. Manner of his death, v. 271. 

Church, Dr. Benjamin, his seat at Rayn- 
ham. iii. 168. Patriot of 1775. v. 
106. His Patriotism suspected. V. 
110. vi. 73. Examined before the 
Legislature of Massachusetts, i. 84. 
Author, iii. 301. 

Church, Nathan, ix. 145. 

Church, Samuel, x. 129. 

Church, Thomas, Historian, ix. 199. 

Church, Thomas of Compton. ix. 201. 

Church, censures of, in New- England. 
x. 5. Qualifications of the members. 
x. 4. 5. Officers, x. 4. 

Churches, Indian, Number of in New- 
England, 1687. v. 264. 







General Index. 


.'incinnati Society instituted, iii. 274. 
itadel Hill. x. 80. 
jity- Point, iii. 85. 
,'jivilization of Indians must precede 

< their conversion, ix. 176. Attempts 
! to introduce civilization among them 
, have generallv been unsuccessful, iv. 

|j 67— 74. 99. "v. 11. 24. 29. 37. ix. 

Jlagett, "Wiseman, x. 59. 
: lam, Sea. viii. 192. 204. 
,1am, Small, iii. 224. viii. 193. 
ijlam-pudding Pond. viii. 120. 
ijlap, Ebenezer. ix. 194. 
jjlap, Ebenezer, jun. ix. 197. 
lap, Elisha. ix. 191. 
flap, Mrs. of Wrentham. x. 141. 
lap. Nathaniel, eminent minister, x. 
I] 170. His character, ix. 182. 
,[ap, Noah. ix. 187. 
uap, Roger, one of the first settlers of 

Dorchester, ix. 18. 150. Lands gran- 
Jted to him. ix. 161. Thanksgiving 
j kept for his restoration to health, ix. 

|ap, Supply, ix. 187. 
jlap, Thomas, ordained, ix. 197. Colo- 
ITnel. iii. 174. 
Aarence, Duke of. ii. 220. 
larke, Col. takes Fort Sackville. ii. 
J 161. Repulses Tarleton at Ninety- 
llSix. ii. 201. 

larke, , Lieut. Gov. of New- York, 

] projects a Naval Armament on Lake 
l Ontario, vii. 87. His character, vii. 78. 
larke, Sir Francis, ii. 124. 
•jlarke, James, v. 292. 

< larke, Jeremiah, vi. 144. 

iarke, John, Agent for Rhode-Island. 

fv. 238. 248. x. 20. Complains of the 
I encroachments of Connecticut. i. 
14 279. Obtains the last charter of 
i[Rhode-Island. vi. 144. 

iarke, John, minister in Boston, iii. 

J257. viii. 282. F. H. S. v. 291. Life 

I and character, vi. (3.) 

jiarke, John, of Cambridge, vii. 10. 

jtarke, John, of Exeter, iv. 88. 

jlarke, Jonas, of Boston, viii. 96. 

itarke, Jonas, of Lexington, v. 107. 

• larke, Major, popular magistrate, iv. 


ilarke, Major, of Arrowsick Island, i. 

II 253. 255. 

I.arke, Robert, iii. 259. 

i'.arke, Thaddeus. x. 181. 

itarke, Thomas, of Plymouth, iv. 127. 

; 131. 

itarke, Thomas, of Chelmsford, ix. 195. 
'larke, Walter, of Newport, v. 250. 
252. Gov. of Rhode-island, vi. 145. 
»'.arke, William, chosen Speaker, ii. 
I 32. Author, iii. 300. 

'.arke, William, of Northampton, ix. 


Clarke and Lake's Fort surprised by the 
Indians, i. 253. 

Clarke's Island, ii. 5. 

Clarke's Neck. iv. 233. 

Clarke's Point, x. 181. 

Clarkson, , minister, x. 177. 

Clay abounds in the District of Maine, 
vii. 167. 

Clay-Brook, vi. 213. 214. 216. 

Clay-Pounds, whence it derives its 
name. iii. 118. Described, iii. 197. 
iv. 42. Light-house on. viii. 113. 
158. 209. 

Clergy of New-England, influence of, 
in civil affairs, in early periods, x. 1. 

Cleavland, Col. ii. 198. 

Clifton, Richard, iv. 114. 

Clift-Pond. x. 76. 

Climate of Connecticut, vii. 231. Of 
Maine, iv. 142. 147. 149. Of Mas- 
sachusetts, i. 108. Of North-west 
Coast of America, ix. 242. 

.Clinton, Henry, General, arrives at Bos- 
ton, ii. 49. Sails for Carolina, ii. 62. 
Dispatches troops to Georgia, ii. 64. 
Repulsed at Charleston, ii. 65. vi. 163. 
Arrives at Staten- Island, ii. 72. In 
the battle of White- Plains, ii. 81. 
Takes possession of Newport, ii. 84. 
Counterfeits continental paper money, 
ii. 103. Takes Fort Montgomery, 
vi. 171. Succeeds Gen. Howe. ii. 
139. Evacuates Philadelphia, ii. 141. 
vi. 172. Sends reinforcements to 
Newport, ii. 149. Measures taken 
by him to defend New- York. ii. 181. 
Commands on an expedition against 
Carolina, ii. 182. Takes Charleston. 
ii. 184. Returns to New- York. ii. 
187. Succeeded by Gen. Carleton. 
ii. 226. 

Clinton, , Gov. of New-York under 

the King, arrives, vii. 79. Controlled 
and opposed by Lieut. Gov. De Lan- 
cey. vii. 79. 80. Criminated by the 
Assembly, vii. 83. Superseded by 
Sir Danvers Osborn. vii. 80. Indig- 
nities offered him. vii. 128. 

Clinton, George, ii. 243. 

Clinton, James, Brigadier Gen. ii. 164. 
In Sullivan's expedition against the 
Indians, ii. 175. 

Clinton, Fort, taken, ii. 118. 

Clinton, Town of. i. 284. 

Clothes of the Indians, ix. 101. See 

Coal-mines in Cape-Breton, iii. 99. In 
Nova- Scotia, iii. 98. In Pennsylva- 
nia, iii. 22. 

Coatuit, Indian town. i. 197. 

Coatuit Brook, iii. 13. 15. 

Coaxet, or Coxit. x. 114. 

Cobb, David, crushes the insurrection 
in Bristol county, iii. 169. Member 
of Congress, iii. 174. 


General Index. 

Cobbet, or Cabot, minister in Ipswich. 
x. 34. 43. 

Cobequid Bay. iii. 97. 

Cobequid Town. iii. 98. x. 82. 

Cockle-cove River, viii. 148. 

Cockran, Major, ii. 164. 

Cod, Cape, Labrador, i. 236. 

Cod, Cape, New-England, discovered, 
viii. 160. Described, iii. 12. v. 54. 
Description of its Eastern coast, viii. 

Cod, Cape, Harbour, iv. 42. viii. 198. 204. 

Cod, Cape, Light-house, viii. 113, 209. 

Cod Fishery in Massachusetts, 1763. 
viii. 202. 

Coddington, Mrs. viii. 140. 

Codding ton, William, iii. 75. viii. 45. 
ix. 16. 19. Friend to Mrs. Hutchin- 
son, ix. 28. Removes to Rhode- 
Island, ix. 27. x. 20. Purchases 
Rhode-Island, v. 216. Gov. of Rhode- 
Island, v. 217. 237. vi. 144. 

Codpoganut, Indian, x. 132. 

Codtanmut, Indian town. i. 197. 231. 

Coe, Curtis, x. 60. 

Coffin, Peleg. v. 291. 

Coffin, Peter, x. 44. 

Coffinge, , of Guilford, x. 96. 

Coffing's Island, x. 98. 

Cogan, , of Dorchester, ix. 150. 

Coggeshall, John. vi. 144. 

Coggswell, James, ix. 187. 

Cogmiquand, Sachem, v. 240. 

Cohanat, Raynham. iii. 166. 

Cohasset in Buzzard's Bay. i. 132. 

Cohoon's Hollow, viii. 115. 

Cojoges, Indians, x. 121. 

Cokesit in Compton. x. 130. 

Colborn, . viii. 46. 

Colchester purchased, ix. 85. 

Colden, , Counsellor, vii. 143. 

Cold-Harbour, viii. 213. 

Cold- Spring Brook, vi. 214. 

College, Indian, at Cambridge, vii. 24. 

Collier, Sir George, invades Virginia, 
ii. 164. Expedition to Connecticut. 
ii. 168. Burns Fairfield, iii. 103. Re- 
lieves Penobscot, ii. 172. vi. 175. 

Collier, Sir John. iii. 146. 

Collings, Gamaliel, iii. 199. 

Collings and Cop, printers, vi. 77. 

Collins, John. vi. 146. 

Collins, Daniel, viii. 49. 

Colman, Benjamin, minister, iii. 260. 
ix. 13. Author, iii. 300. Character, 
x. 157. 169. 

Colour of the Indians, i. 144. iii. 214. 
viii. 227. 

Columbians, vi. 153. 

Columbus, Christopher, vi. 151. 

Colvill, Thomas, vi. 175. 

Comassakumkanit, near Sandwich, i. 
198. 230. 

Commerce, the progress and benefits of. 
i. 68. 

Commissioners, four, sent by Charles II. 
to New-England, i. 279. v. 218. vi. 

Commissioners of the Customs arrive at 
Boston, ii. 43. iii. 244. 

Common Pleas, office of, at Boston, 
plundered by the British, i. 3. 

Common Sense, Extracts from. ii. 68. 

Commutation voted by Congress, ii. 238. 

Compton, Description of. ix. 199. 

Conant, Col. v. 107. . 

Conant, Shubael. vii. 238. 

Conant, Sylvanus. iii. 149. 

Conant's Island, iii. 299, 

Conbatant. viii. 242. See Corbitant. 

Conciliatory Acts proposed by Lord 
North, ii. 134. vi. 172. 

Conconut Hollow, vi. 214. 

Concord, Description of. i. 237. Battle 
of. i. 241. ii. 48. 52. River, i. 107. 
238. Indians near, receive the Chris- 
tian faith, viii. 16. 

Condy, Jeremy, minister, iii. 259. iii. 

Coney- Island, vi. 222. 

Confederation between the United States, 
plan of, formed by Congress, ii. 132. 
iii. 245. > 

Congregational Church of New-Eng- 
land, principles of. ix. 14. Hubbard's 
description of. x. 4. 

Congregationalists are not Independents. 
x. 24. 

Congress held at Albany, 1754. iv. 57. 
vii. 75. Plan of Union proposed by. 
vii. 203. 

Congress, Continental, first convenes at 
Philadelphia, ii. 46. 52. iii. 244. 
Declares the causes and necessity of 
taking up arms. ii. 50. Its second 
petition, ii. 58. Resolves to build 
thirteen frigates, ii. 61. Grants per- 
mission to fit out privateers, ii. 63. 
Declares the United States independ- 
ent, ii. 68. iii. 244. vi. 164. Recom- 
mends to the several States to settle 
their form of government, ii. 69. Re- 
solves to raise a standing army. ii. 78. 
Resolves to borrow five millions of 
dollars, ii. 79. Resolutions of, re- 
specting a Navy, 1776. ii. 80. Votes 
a Lottery, ii. 83. Removes to Balti- 
more, ii. 87. Resolves to form a 
Corps of Invalids, ii. 105. Removes 
to York-Town. ii. 117. Levies the 
first publick tax. ii. 127. Recommends 
the confiscation of Tories' estates, ii. 
128. Forms the Plan of Confedera- 
tion, ii. 132. iii. 245. Orders retali- 
ation on the British prisoners, ii. 134. 
202. Address to the People upon 
Lord North's Conciliatory Acts. ii. 
136. Votes half-pay to the Officers 
of the Army, ii. 138. 189. 200. Let- 
ter to the British Commissioners, ii. 

General Index. 


140. Returns to Philadelphia, and 
j receives a second Letter from the 
\ British Commissioners, ii. 146. Re- 
j fuses to ratify the Convention of 
(Saratoga, ii. 151. Publishes a reply 

to the Declaration of the British 
I Commissioners, ii. 154. Recom- 
\ mends a regulation of prices, ii. 158. 
j Addresses the People on the subject 

of Paper- Currency, ii. 172. Appoints 
j a Minister Plenipotentiary at the 
I Court of Madrid, ii. 175. Issues a 
| new species of Paper Money, ii. 184. 
] Extends the benefit of half- pay to the 
I Widows of Officers, ii. 189. Makes 
j a new arrangement of the Army. ii. 

196. Establishes a National Bank. ii. 
I 211. Passes Resolves against clandes- 
I tine trade with the British garrisons. 
J ii. 231. Removes to Princeton, ii. 
I 231. Resolves of, in favour of paying 

the Army. ii. 235. 238. Recommends 
j an Impost of 5 per cent. ii. 240. In- 
i structs Gen. Washington to grant 
I Furloughs to non-commissioned Ofh- 
3 cers and Soldiers, ii. 241. Votes an 
\ Equestrian Statue of Gen. Washing- 
j ton. ii. 242. Addresses Gen. Wash- 
ij ington. ii. 242. Disbands the Army. 
I ii. 243. 

jCongress, Federal, first assembles at 
I New- York. iii. 245. 
jConnecticut settled, iii. 5. v. 166. vi. 
J 156. vii. 14. ix. 153. History of, in 

Rhyme, iv. 270. State of, in 1680. 
I iv. 220. Charter secured by Andrew 
] Leete. x. 99. Number of its Militia 

in 1756. vii. 139. State of, in 1774. 
| vii. 231. Number of its Inhabitants, 

1793. iii. 6. Government very pop- 
] ular. i. 75. 

JConnecticut Indians, Progress of the 
j Gospel among, i. 207. Numbers of, 

in 1680. iv. 21. ix. 78. In 1774. vii. 
I 237. ix. 78. x. 117. At various peri- 
I ods. i. 209. ix. 76. x. 101—112. 
jConnecticut River, vii. 233. Indians 
j numerous on, in 1635. v. 167. Their 
I numbers in 1761. x. 104. 
jConnejories, Indians, x. 121. 
iConsumption a common disease in New- 
j England, i. 274. iii. 13. 125. 144. 160. 

290. iv. 43. 92. vi. 276. vii. 170. viii. 

140. 159. ix. 147. 237. And among 
1 the Indians, i. 140. 173. iii. 1. iv. 70. 
I v. 7. 26. 40. 
iContrecceur, Capt. summons Capt. Trent. 

vi. 141. Expels him from the Mo- 
< nongahela. iii. 22. vi. 139. 
(Contributions in the Churches of New- 
i England, x. 2. 
|Conyers. Major, ii. 233. 
•Cook, Capt. visits the Marquesas, iv. 

239. Errour in the Life of, by Kippis, 
! corrected, iv. 79. 

Cook, , Member of Parliament, ii. 


Cook, , Minister of East- Sudbury. 

x. 87. 

Cook, Elisha, Agent of Massachusetts, 
ii. 32. Author, iii. 300. 

Cook, Francis, viii. 168. 

Cook, Jacob, viii. 168. 

Cook, John. iv. 111. viii. 168. 

Cook, Joseph, ix. 157. 

Cook, Josias. viii. 164. 168. 

Cook, Nicholas, vi. 146. 

Cook, Samuel, vii. 33. 

Cook, Thomas, x. 96. 

Cook, William, x. 87. 

Cook's Brook, viii. 155. 

Cooper, John, Indian, ix. 75. 

Cooper, Samuel, Minister, iii. 260. Au- 
thor, iii. 301. vi. 70. 

Cooper, William, Minister, iii. 260. ix. 
196. Author, iii. 300. Character.x.157. 

Copper known to the Indians of New- 
England, viii. 220. Found in Nova- 
Scotia, iii. 98. 

Copperas obtained in Brookfield. i. 273. 

Copp's Hill. iii. 243. 

Copscook River, iii. 95. 

Coquit, part of Dartmouth, i. 200. 

Corbet, Lieut. Gov. ii. 172. 

Corbin, Margaret, ii. 170. 

Corbitant, Sachem, supposed enemy to 
the English of Plymouth, viii. 242. 
258. 265. His conversation with Ed- 
ward Winslow. viii. 263. 

Corey, Giles, vi. 269. 

Corlet, Ammi-Ruhamah. ix. 193. 

Corlet, , Schoolmaster, i. 243. Char- 
acter, vii. 22. 

Corn, different sorts of, cultivated in 
New-England, iii. 77. 

Corn, Indian, iii. 221. viii. 210. ix. 99. 
Mode of cultivating, viii. 190. 

Corn-hill in Truro, viii. 210. 214. 

Cornwallis, Gen. Earl, arrives at Cape 
Fear. ii. 64. Joins Gen. Clinton at 
Charleston, ii. 65. Arrives at Staten- 
Island. ii. 72. Takes Fort Lee. ii. 81. 
83. Advances toward Trenton, ii. 90. 
Takes possession of Philadelphia, ii. 
118. Embarks for England, 1778. ii. 
154. Embarks from New- York for 
Carolina, ii. 182. Commands in Car- 
olina, ii. 187. Defeats Gen. Gates 
at Cambden. ii. 190. Fights the bat- 
tle of Guilford Court-house, ii. 206. 
Arrives in Virginia, ii. 213. His en- 
gagement with Wayne's division near 
James' River, ii. 214. Takes pos- 
session of York- Town. ii. 220. Sur- 
renders his whole army. ii. 222. ix. 
107. Returns to England, ii. 226. 

Cornwallis, Gen. Gov. of Nova- Scotia, 
iii. 101. 

Cornwallis in Nova-Scotia, iii. 96. 98. 
x. 81. 

VOL. X. 

H h 


General Index. 

Correspondence, Committee of, first 
chosen in Boston, ii. 45. 

Cosby, , Gov. of New-York. vii. 

78. 101. 

Cosby, Major, vi. 122. 

Cosens, John, Indian, viii. 173; x. 133. 

Coshaumag, Thomas, Indian, viii. 173. 
x. 133. 

Cotton, , Minister of Bristol, ix. 197. 

Cotton, , Minister of Easthampton. 

ix. 195. 

Cotton, John, of Boston, i. 204. hi. 75. 
76. 242. vi. 285. vii. 12. viii. 29. ix. 
10. 13. 15. 21. 24. 31. 32. 34. 46. 48. 
172. x. 1. 3. 26. Minister, hi. 257. 
vi. (5.) v. 53. Favours Mrs. Hutch- 
inson, viii. 6. ix. 28. Friend to Vane. 
v. 172. ix. 28. A powerful preacher, 
vii. 14. His great influence, ix. 22. 
Collects laws out of the Scriptures, v. 
187. Author, iii. 300. x. 21. Char- 
acter, vi. 247. 252. x. 157. Memoirs 
of. ix. 40. Death, vi. 258. 

Cotton, John, of Hampton, x. 45. 67. 
vii. 55. 

Cotton, John, of Newton, v. 273. 

Cotton, John, of Plymouth, Minister, iv. 
122. Preaches to the Indians, i. 172. 
198. 199. 201. 204. 205. Publishes 
the Indian Bible, viii. 33. Removes 
to Charleston, iv. 128. 

Cotton, John, of Yarmouth, v. 60. 

Cotton, Joseph, x. 60. 61. 

Cotton, Roland, baptized, ix. 193. Min- 
ister, viii. 125. Preaches to the In- 
dians, i. 201. x. 133. 

Cotton, Seaborn, baptized, ix. 22. Min- 
ister, vii. 55. x. 45. 

Cotton, Solomon, x. 57. 

Cotton, Theophilus. ix. 197. 

Cotton grows in Virginia, iii. 89. 

Cotton Swamp, vi. 213. 

Cotuhtikut, or Titicut. i. 198. 

Cou, Indian, ix. 242. 

Coudrey, Gen. de. ii. 115. 

Coughnawagas, or Caughnawaugas. x. 

Couldby, or Colby, Anthony; vii. 10. 

Covel's River, viii. 145. 

Coventry, Earl of. ii. 157. 

Cowesit in Wareham. i. 231. 

Cowhesett, or Cooawsett, country, v. 
239. 240. i. 221. 282. 

Cowles, Whitfield, v. 169. 

Cowpens, Battle of. ii. 203. 

Cox, , Builder of Bridges, iii. 11. 


Coxsackie, town. ix. 111. 

Coxit, in Dartmouth, i. 200. 

Coy Pond. vi. 213, 215. 217. 

Cradle of the first child born in Massa- 
chusetts, vi. 237. 283. 

Craddock, , Minister, vii. 171. 

Cradock, Matthew, iii. 72. vii. 33. 

Cramche, Hector - Theophilus, Lieut. 

Gov. of Quebec, vi. 54. Orders a 
coffin for Gen. Montgomery, i. 112. 

Cramp-fish. iii. 119. 199. 

Cranch, Richard, vii. 45. 

Craneberry. iii. 221. 

Cranfield, Edward, Lieut. Gov. of New- 
Hampshire, persecutes Mr. Moodey. 
x. 43. Commissioner to examine into 
the claims to the Narraganset country, 
v. 219. 232. 

Cranston, John. v. ^26. 250. vi. 145. 

Cranston, Samuel, v. 252. vi. 145. 

Creek Indians, ix. 93. Numbers in 
1768. x. 120. In 1780. iv. 99. Num- 
bers employed by the British, x. 123, 

Crocker, Joseph, viii. 184. 195. 

Crocker's Neck, viii. 133. 

Cromwell, Lord Henry, x. 27. 

Cromwell, Oliver, iii. 194. His conduct 
on the trial of Charles I. ii. 37. The 
Churches of New-England had peace 
during his government, x. 8. His 
character, ix. 7. 

Cromwell, Richard, iii. 194. 

Cross-Island, iii. 145. 

Croswell, Andrew, minister, iii. 264, 
Author, iii. 301. 

Crow. iii. 219. 

Crowell, Christopher, viii. 136. 

Crowell, Sylvanus. viii. 132. 

Crowell, William, viii. 136. 

Crowell-Bay. viii. 145. 

Crowne, William, v. 222. 228. vi. 93. 

Crown-Point, French erect a fort at. vi 
135. Taken by Col. Warner, ii. 49 
vi. 160. American army retreats to 
ii. 65. vi. 163. 

Crow's Pond. viii. 130. 

Cruger, Col. ii. 212. 

Cruttenden, Abraham, x. 96. 

Cudworth, James, vi. 80. 

Culpepper, Lord, Gov. of Virginia, pro 
cures an order to take away appeal 
from the General Assembly, v. 139 
147. His salary raised, v. 142. Ob 
tains a grant of the Northern Neck 
v. 157. 

Cumberland in Nova-Scotia, iii. 98 
x. 81. 

Cuming, Alexander, minister, iii. 258 
Author, iii, 301. 

Cummaquid. viii. 161. Harbour, viiii 

Cummings, Stephen, ix. 143. 

Cunningham, Capt. ii. 214. 

Cunningham, Capt. Gustavus. ii. 113 

Cunningham, Major, ii. 204. 

Curliffe, Henry, ix. 192. 

Curwin, George, Capt. vi. 287. Death 
vi. 266. 

Curwin, George, minister. vi. 272 
Character, vi. 286. An eminent man 
x. 170. 

Curwin, Jonathan, v. 62. 69. 

Cushing, Jacob, vii. 64. 





General Index. 


as l Pushing, Job. x. 85. 89. 

~ushing, Thomas, iii. 195. 
ushman, Isaac, ruling elder at Ply- 
mouth, iv. 127. Minister of Plymp- 
ton. iv. 128. 129. 

Bushman, Robert, his character, iv. 
117. vii. 273. Death, iii. 35. 

Jushman, Thomas, ruling elder, iv. 
117. vii. 273. Opposes the Quakers. 
iv. 121. Character, iv. 126. 
ustis, John. v. 159. 
ustoms, Commissioners of, in Boston, 
ii. 43. 

utler, Manasseh. v. 291. 
i Cutler, Timothy, minister. iii. 261. 
Author, iii. 301. 

Cutshemoquin, or Kitchmakin, sells 
lands to the English, ix. 159. Pro- 
tests against the _ praying Indians 
Iii building a town. viii. 18. x. 15. 
m Cutt, John. x. 39. 43. 
Hjfcutt, Richard, x. 39. 43. 
uttahunka Island, i. 232. 

Cutts, President, vi. 93. 

Cutts' Island, iii. 7. 


Dagget, President, ii. 169. 
iDalrymple, Col. ii. 45. 
Daly, Samuel, vi. 109. 
Damarin's Cove. viii. 245. 
Damariscotta River, vii. 169. 
Damon, Jude. iii. 201. viii. 112. 
vi Dana, Francis, viii. 103. 
:i Dana, Samuel, viii. 70. 
u a Danbury burnt, ii. 95. 

Dances, Indian, i. 153. iii. 235. viii. 

227. vii. 181. 198. 
Danforth, Elijah, ix. 185. 
Danforth, John, minister, i. 99. ix. 156. 
205. Character, ix. 176. An emi- 
i.ent man. x. 169. 
danforth, Samuel, minister of Roxbury. 

viii. 33. ix. 176. Dies. ix. 193. 
| Danforth, Samuel, minister of Taunton, 
ix. 176. Visits the Indian plantations, 
viii. 173. x. 129. Dies. ix. 197. An 
eminent man. iii. 173. 
Danforth, Samuel, Judge, ix. 185. 
JjjDanforth, Thomas, Deputy Gov. Com- 
missioner of the United Colonies, v. 
229. Head of a party in Massachu- 
setts, i. 229. Opposed to the witch- 
craft delusion, v. 75. 
Danforth, Thomas, of Dorchester, ix. 

Dangerfield, now Truro, iii. 200. 
Daniel, Indian of Natick. v. 264. viii. 

Daniel, Indian of Tisbury. x. 131. 
'iDanielson, Timothy, ix. 132. 

■-itiDanniell, , of New-Hampshire, vi. 

Danvers incorporated, vi. 234. Lower 
parish in. vi. 272. 

Dark Day in the northern parts of the 
United States, i. 95. 

Darling's Neck. vi. 217. 

Dartmouth, Earl of. ii. 111. 

Dartmouth in New-England, iv. 232. 
Indian towns in. i. 200. Christian 
Indians, x. 130. Number of Indians. 
i. 201. 

Dartmouth in Nova-Scotia, iii. 97. 

Dartmouth Indians submit to the gov- 
ernment of Plymouth, v. 194. 

Daulton, , minister, x. 26. 

Davenport, , preacher, ix. 89. 

Davenport, Abraham, vii. 238. 

Davenport, Addington, iii. 260. 263. 
x. 161. 

Davenport, Capt. vi. 90. 

Davenport, John, minister of New- 
Haven, x. 26. Invents the notion 
of seven church pillars, x. 92. In- 
vited to attend the Westminster As- 
sembly of divines, ix. 40. Minister 
of Boston, iii. 257. vi. (5.) ix. 193. 
Occasions the forming of the Old 
South Church, iii. 258. vi. 262. 
Author, iii. 300. 

Davidson, Gen. ii. 205. 

Davie, George, vii. 169. 

Davies, President, iii. 192. 

Davies, Mrs. v. 255. 275. vii. 169. 

Davis, Caleb, v. 111. 

Davis, Daniel, iv. 30. v. 291. 

Davis, John, Judge, v. 291. 

Davis, John, minister, iii. 264. 

Davison, Secretary, iv. 113. 

Davis's Inlet, i. 233. 235. 

Dawes, Thomas, viii. 104. 

Day, Ira. ix. 114. 

Day, James, x. 61. ' 

Deacons, in early periods, ordained in 
New- England, iv. 126. x. 42. 

Dead Swamp, iii. 167. 

Deane, Capt. ix. 165. 

Deane, Hugh. vii. 173. 

Deane, Silas, arrives in France as Com- 
missioner from the United States, ii. 
89. His representation to the British 
Ambassador respecting American pris- 
oners, ii. 98. Addresses a letter to 
Lord North on the same subject, ii. 
132. Returns to the United States, ii. 
146. Strictures made on his conduct 
by Thomas Paine, ii. 159. 

Deane, Simeon, ii. 134. 

Dearborn, Major, ii. 122. 

De Barras, Admiral, arrives at Boston. 
ii. 211. Joins Count de Grasse. ii. 

De Berdt, Dennis, his donation to Bos- 
ton, iii. 271. Dies. ii. 44. 

De Bouers, Gen. ii. 112. 

De Bouganville, Admiral, ii. 221. 

Debt of Great-Britain in 1783. ii. 240. 

Debt of the United States in 1783. ii. 
240. Funded, iii. 245. 


General Index. 

Declaratory act passed by Parliament, 
ii. 43. 52. 

Deep- Hole in Wellfieet Harbour, iii. 

Deep-Pond. vi. 213. 215. 217. 

Deer, Indian method of catching, ix. 
101. Traps described, viii. 212. 

Deerfield, Indian inhabitants of. i. 162. 
Attacked by the Indians, iii. 179. 

Deer-Island, Boston Harbour, iii. 296. 

Deer-Island, Passamaquoddy bay. iii. 95. 

Defoe, Daniel, ix. 11. 

De Grasse, Count, arrives off Chesapeak 
Bay. ii. 217. His engagement with 
the British fleet near Cape Henry, ii. 
221. Defeated in the West Indies, 
ii. 225. 

Degrees first conferred at Harvard Col- 
lege, i. 245. vi. 240. vii. 20. 

De Grey, Lord Chief Justice, iii. 110. 

De Lancey, James, Lieut. Gov. of New- 
York, makes a speech to the Indians 
of the Six Nations, vii. 76. Plan of 
union of the British colonies approved 
by every member of the Congress at 
Albany, except by him. vii. 77. His 
character and history, vii. 77. En- 
deavours to obstruct the concurrence 
of New- York in Shirley's designed ex- 
pedition against Crown- Point, but in 
vain. vii. 89. Formerly an enemy to 
Johnson, but now reconciled to him. 
vii. 98. His management with respect 
to a reinforcement, vii. 101. His in- 
fluence over the Assembly of New- 
York, vii. 102. His popularity de- 
clines, vii. 102. He secures the 
friendship of his successor, vii. 103. 
Resumes his seat on the bench as 
Chief Justice, vii. 140. Obliges the 
Governour to pass two acts of Assem- 
bly, vii. 145. 

De Lancey, Oliver, vii. 91. Alderman 
of New- York. vii. 103. Friend to 
Evans, vii. 137. Appointed to pro- 
vide supplies for the New-York 
regiment, on the expedition against 
Crown-Point, vii. 144. 

Delawares commit hostilities on the 
colonists, vii. 74. 153. Number em- 
ployed by the British, x. 123. Num- 
bers in 1794. x. 123. Their language 
radically the same with the Mohea- 
gan. ix. 92. 

Delisle, French geographer, vi. 135. 

Demerary colony, i. 65. Description of. 
vi. 1. River, vi. 8. Indians, vi, 13. 

De Morteuil, Admiral, ii. 221. 

Denison, Capt. ix. 88. 

Dennie, , of Connecticut, ix. 81. 

Dennis, Josiah. viii. 140. 

Dennis, Town, description of. viii. 129. 

Dennison, Daniel, vii. 10. 

Denmson, Major, iv. 217. 

Denny, , of Georgetown, ix. 209. 

Depeyester, Capt. ii. 198. 

Depopulation of the Indians, causes of. 
iv. 70. 74. 100. v. 7. 34. ix. 212. x. 

Derby Indians, x. 105, 111. 

Desaussure, Henry, v. 292. 

Desborow, John. x. 98. 

Desborow, Samuel, of Guilford, x. 96. 
One of the pillars of the church, x. 
92. Magistrate, iv. 185. x. 98. 

Despard, Lambert, ix. 258. 

D'Estaing, Admiral, arrives with his 
fleet off the Capes of Delaware, ii. 
145. vi. 172. Repairs to Boston, ii. 
149. Sails from Boston, ii. 154. 
Takes Dominica, St. Vincents, and 
Grenada, and engages Byron in the 
West-Indies, ii. 178. vi. 176. Re- 
pulsed in an attack on Savannah, ii. 
179. vi. 184. Takes the Experiment, 
ii. 180. Returns to the West- Indies, 
ii, 181. 

D'Estouches, Admiral, ii. 201. His 
engagement with Arbuthnot. ii. 206. 

Devens, Richard, v. 107. 

De Villier, Capt. vii. 74. 

Devil's Invention in York. iii. 9. 

Devonshire, Duke of. ix. 252. 

Devotion, John. x. 105. 

De Witt, Benjamin, x. 192. 

Dexter, Aaron, v. 291. viii. 102. 

Dexter, Samuel, minister, ix. 196. 

Dexter, Samuel, counsellor, vi. 70. 

Dexter, Thomas, viii. 119. 

Dibble, Thomas, ix. 154. 

Dickinson, Gen. defeats a party of the 
British near Somerset Court-house, 
ii. 91. Commands the militia of New- 
Jersey, ii. 114. Interrupts the pro- 
gress of the enemy at Bordentown. 
ii. 138. In the battle of Monmouth, 
ii. 142. Opposes the enemy at Spring- 
field, ii. 188. 

Dickinson, John, member of Congress, 
ii. 165. 

Dickinson, John, president of Pennsyl- 
vania, ii. 232. 

Dickinson, Jonathan, iv. 56. 

Dickinson, Timothy, iii. 19. 

Dickwassett River, iii. 100. 

Dier, William, ix. 168. 

Dieskau, Baron, vii. 105. 

Digby, Admiral, ii. 220. 

Digby in Nova-Scotia, iii. 96. 

Digdeguash River, iii. 100. 

Diman, James, vi. 274. 

Dinwiddie, , Lieut. Gov. of Vir- 
ginia, vi. 139. Complains of the 
hostilities of the French, vii. 71. Pro- 
poses an attempt on Fort Du Quesne. 
vii. 100. Opposes the progress of the 
Shawanese, vii. 153. 

Dinwiddie County, iii. 91. 

Diseases of Massachusetts and Maine, 
i. 140. 173. 274. iii. 13. 19. 118. 120. 


General Index. 


144. 160. 177. 200. 290. iv. 43. 213. 
v. 207. 275. vi. 276. vii. 170. viii. 
140. 159. 201. ix. 147. 168. Of New- 
England, i. 148. 173, Among the 
planters of New-England, at their 
first arrival, viii. 43. Of New-Hamp- 
shire, iv. 92. ix. 236. Of Rhode- 
Island, ix. 203. Of Surrinam. i. 62. 
Of Virginia, ii. 90. 

Dismal Swamp, iii. 86. 

Dixwell, John, one of Charles lst's 
Judges, ii. 38. Buried at New- Ha- 
ven, ii. 35. 

)oane, John, deacon in Plymouth, iv. 
110. One of the first settlers of East- 
ham, iv. 113. viii. 164. Assistant. 
viii. 168. 

Dock- Yard at Halifax, x. 80. iii. 96. 

)og-fish Bar. viii. 132. 

Domestick animals not found in North- 
America, ix. 212. 

Dominica taken bv Count D'Estaing. 
ii. 178. 

)onham, John. iv. 111. 

)onop, Count, ii. 126. vi. 169. 

)oolittle, Benjamin, ii. 31. 

D'or, Cape. iii. 98. 

Dorchester, Earl of. ix. 42. 

Dorchester, Lord. vi. 55. 

Dorchester, in Massachusetts, chrono- 
logical and topographical account of. 
ix. 147. Settlement of, began, i. 98. 
iii. 74. viii. 39. ix. 18. Grants 6,000 
acres of land to the Indians of Ponki- 
pog. i. 100. ii. 9. Births and deaths, 
i. 116. ix. 168. Indian places, i. 99. 
169. Bay. ix. 163. Neck. ix. 162. 
164. Epitaphs, ii. 9. 

Dorchester, in South Carolina, ix. 157. 

Doucett, , Counsellor in Nova- 
Scotia, vi. 121. Lieut. Gov. vi. 124. 
Douglas, Col. ii. 230. 

Douglass, William, author, iii. 300. A 

careless writer, ix. 40. 
Douglass and Ely, printers, vi. 77. 
Dover assaulted by the Indians, x. 54. 
Dowd, Henry, x. 96. 

Downes, John. ii. 36. 

Downing, Emanuel, vi. 251. 257. 286. 
Downing, Sir George, vi. 240. 

Downing, John. ix. 222. 

Drake, Admiral, ii. 218. Commands 
the van of the British fleet in the en- 
gagement off Cape Henry, ii. 221. In 
Rodney's engagement with Count de 
Grasse. ii. 225. 
ake, Sir Prancis. ix. 54. 

rake, Francis, schoolmaster, vi. 241. 

raper, J. printer, v. 212. vi. 67. 

raper, R. printer, vi. 67. 75. 

ray ton, William-H. member of Con- 
gress, ii. 140. Answers the declara- 
tions of the British Commissioners, 
ii. 152. 
. ! Dresden incorporated, vii. 167. 

Dress of the Indians, i. 131. 152. iii. 
225. vii. 180. viii. 227. ix. 101. 242. 
Drought in New-England, in 1623. viii. 
274. In 1670. ix. 87. In 1714. ix. 
196. In 1749. vii. 239. 
Drown, Samuel, deacon, x. 61. 
Drown, Samuel, minister, x. 60. 
Drummond, archbishop, ii. 104. 
Drunkenness, Indians addicted to. iv. 
52. 63. 70. 71. v. 20. 21. 42. vii. 183. 
ix. 76. 212. 214. x. 21. 

Dublin in Nova-Scotia, x. 81. 

Du Bois, Col. ii. 197. 

Duchambon, Gov. of Louisbourg. i. 45. 

Duche, Jacob, ii. 131. 

Duck Creek, iv. 41. 

Duck Island, vii. 243. 

Dudley, Joseph, v. 198. 232. vi. 65. 
vii. 216. x. 175. Commissioner of 
the United Colonies, v. 229. Presi- 
dent of New-England, v. 220. 245. 
Governour of Massachusetts, iii. 194. 
Charges alleged against him by the 
Mathers, iii. 126. 137. His defence 
of himself, iii. 135. His wife. x. 181. 

Dudley, Paul. iii. 126. 130. 132. 

Dudley, Samuel, of Cambridge, vii. 10. 

Dudley, Samuel, of Exeter, iv. 88. x. 

Dudley, Thomas, iii. 76. 242. vi. 272. 
vii. 6. 10. viii. 6. ix. 10. 16. 19. 20. 
27. 31. 47. x. 2. Arrives in Massa- 
chusetts, viii. 38. Governour. iii. 
194. Character, vii. 11. x. 29. Death, 
vi. 258. 

Dudley, William, x. 96. 

Dudley, Indian town in. i, 189. iii. 185. 
Pond. i. 189. 

Duke's County, Number of Indians in. 
i. 206. 

Dummer, Jeremiah, Agent of Massachu- 
setts, v. 197. vi. 78. vii. 58. Author, 
iii. 300. Character, x. 155. 

Dummer, Richard, ix. 175. 

Dummer, Shubael. iii. 8. 

Dummer, William, Lieut. Gov. of Mas- 
sachusetts, iii. 194. Makes a treaty 
with the Eastern Indians, iii. 106. 
140. vi. 108. ^ 

Dummer Port. iii. 106. 

Dunbar, Asa. vi. 274. 

Dunbar, Samuel, ix. 178. Ordained, 
ix. 197. 

Dunbar, Thomas, Colonel in Braddock's 
defeat, vii. 92. 94. Marches towards 
Philadelphia, vii. 100. Arrives with 
troops at Albany, vii. 124. Member 
of the grand council of war. vii. 131. 

Duncan, , of Dorchester, ix. 150. 

Duncan, Capt. ii. 95. 

Dundas, Col. ii. 222. 

Dunham, Jonathan, iv. 127. ix. 184. 

Dunmore, Earl of, Gov. of New- York, 
ii. 45. Gov. of Virginia, defeated at 
the battle of Gwynn's Island, ii. 60. 


General Index. 

Driven from the coast of Virginia, ii, 

Dunn, John. v. 292. 

Dunning, , counsel for Massachu- 
setts agent, iii. 112. 113. 

Dunster, Henry, v. 260. x. 14. Presi- 
dent of Harvard-College, i. 243. vii. 
27. Revises the New-England Psalms, 
vii. 20. viii. 10. Embraces the prin- 
ciple of the Baptists, vii. 48. x. 31. 

Dunster, Isaiah, x. 79. 

Du Portail, Gen. ii. 225. 

Du Quesne, Marquis, Gov. of Canada, 
vi. 53. vii. 70. 

Durill, Philip, vi. 113. 

Dutch settle at New-Netherlands, iii. 
51. Obtain possession of New- York. 
vi. 83. 

Dutch- point, iii. 6. 

Dutch-town in Halifax, x. 79. 

Duvivier, French officer, vi. 124. 

Duxborough, Description of. ii. 3. 
Church imbodied at. iv. 111. 

Dwight, Capt. x. 143. 

D wight, Col. of Brookfield. x. 143. 

Dwight, Col. of Northampton, x. 152. 

Dwight, Joseph, Brigadier- General, x. 
143. 149. 152. Commended by Gen. 
Pepperell. i. 52. Head of a party in 
Stockbridge. iv. 55. 

Dwight, Timothy, v. 292. 

Dyer, , author of the Life of Robin- 
son, ix. 11. 

vii. 238. 
viii. 113. 
viii. 208. 

Dyer, Eliphalet. 
Dyer's Hollow. 
Dyer's Swamp. 


Eagle Island, vi, 222. 

Earthen pots used by the Indians, viii. 

Earthquake in New-England, 1638. x. 
173. In 1727. ix. 176. 197. x. 50. 
In 1755, effects of in Holden. iv. 231. 
Dec. 1800. ix. 233. March 1801. ix. 
233. Feb. 1802. ix. 234. At Port- 
Royal, 1692. iv. 223. 

Easter- Island, iv. 239. 

Eastern-Harbour, or Chatham harbour, 
viii. 166. 

Eastern Indians at war with the Colo- 
nists from 1676 to 1749. ix. 218. 
Numbers of in 1710. x. 114. They 
are Roman Catholicks. i. 211. v. 115. 
ix. 228. 

Eastham, Description and History of. 
viii. 154. First visited by the plant- 
ers of Plymouth, viii. 218. Settled, 
iv. 1 12. Cove. viii. 155. 160. Indian 
towns, i. 197. Number of Indians 
in 1693. i. 201. In 1698. x. 133. 
See Nauset. 

East-Harbour, iii. 195. viii. 112. 208. 

East-India Marine Society, vi. 239. 

Easton, John. vi. 145. 
Easton, Nicholas, v. 250. vi. 144. 145. 
East wind prevails on the coast of New- 
England, during the spring, iii. 290. 

iv. 93. 
East- Windsor, Account of. v. 169. 
Eaton, Gen. ii. 207. 
Eaton, Theophilus. iv. 182. 
Eaton, William, ix. 133. 
Ebeling, Professor, v. 292. 
Ebenezer taken possession of by British 

troops, ii. 155. 
Eckley, Joseph, iii. 258. 
Eddy, Samuel, x. 192. 
Eden, William, British Commissioner, 

arrives in America, ii. 139. Returns 

to England, ii. 154. 
Edes, Benjamin, vi. 69. 
Edgarton, Indian towns in. i. 204. 

Number of Indians in 1698. x. 132. 

In 1763. i. 206. 
Edgecombe, Town of. vii. 166. 
Edgerly, Thomas, x. 44. 
Edward, Fort. vii. 104. 
Edwards, Jonathan, iii. 193. iv. 55. x. 

56. 70. His manner of preaching. 

iv. 51. President of Nassau College. 

x. 153. A great man. x. 157. 
Edwards, Jonathan, President of Union 

College, ix. 91. 
Edwards, Timothy, v. 169. 171. 
Eel- Point, iii. 153. 
Eel- River, viii. 220. 
Eels, Indian manner of catching, viii. 

Effingham, Earl of. ii. 157. 
Effingham, Lord, Gov. of Virginia, v. 

141. 147. 
Egeremet, Indian, vi. 113. 
Egg-Harbour, Iron ore at. ix. 257. 
Egg- Rock. iii. 296. 
Eglestone, Bagot. ix. 154. 
Egunksankapoug, the Whetstone Hills. 

ix. 80. 
Elders, Ruling, in New - England 

churches, vi. 243. vii. 272. x. 4. 

Ordained, v. 266. The manner of 

their ordination, x. 5. Not admitted 

in several churches of Connecticut. 

x. 91. The office is now hardly known. 

ix. 2. 
Eldridge, Enoch, iii. 16. 
Eldridge Point and Cove. viii. 145. 
Eliot, Abraham, x 60. Deacon, x. 61. 
Eliot, Andrew, v. 209. viii. 280. ix. 178. 

Minister in Boston, iii. 260. Author. 

iii. 301. 
Eliot, Andrew, Minister in Fairfield, iii. 

105. F. H. S. v. 292. Memoir of. 

x. 188. 
Eliot, Benjamin, i. 171. 
Eliot, John, Minister in Boston, iii. 260. 

viii. 68. F. H. S. v. 91. viii. 102. 
Eliot, John, Minister of Cambridge Vil- 
lage, ix. 192. Preaches to the In- 

General Index. 


dians. i. 171. 184, His salary from 
the Society for Propagating the Gospel, 
i. 218. Character, v. 266. 

Eliot, John, of Portsmouth, x. 60. Rul- 
ing elder, x, 61. 

Eliot, John, Minister of Roxbury, histor- 
ical account of. viii. 5. Arrives at 
Boston, ix. 21. Speaks against the 
Indian treaty, but afterwards recants 
his opinion, vi. 247. viii. 29. Ap- 
pears against Mrs. Hutchinson, viii. 7. 
One of the authors of the New-Eng- 
land Psalms, vii. 19. viii. 10. Under- 
takes the conversion of the Indians, 
viii. 11. 170. x. 8. Begins to preach 
at Nonantum. i. 168. v. 256. His 
manner of teaching, i. 168. 169. v. 
257. viii. 13. Preaches at Neponset. 
i. 169. His motives for preaching to 
the Indians, i. 170. Translates the 
Bible and other books into the Indian 
language, i. 172. v. 265. Dedicated 
to Charles Hd. i. 174. vii. 222. Plants 
schools among the praying Indians. 
i. 172. By his motion magistrates ap- 
pointed among them. i. 177. His 
reasons for establishing the payment 
of tithes among them. i. 178. Sets 
up a lecture in Logick and Theology 
among the Indians at Natick. i. 183. 
iii. 177. Takes a journey to Wame- 
sit. i. 187. Travels to the Indian 
praying towns of Massachusetts, i. 
189. Ordains ministers at Martha's 
Vineyard and Marshpee. i. 204. 205. 
Administers baptism to the Indians 
of Martha's Vineyard and Natick. i. 
217. Requests lands for the Indians 
of Ponkipog. i. 100. ii. 9. ix. 160. 
His salary from the Society for Prop- 
agating the Go3pel. i. 218. viii. 26. 
The Indian princes and priests jealous 
of him. viii. 18. Retires from the 
ministry, viii. 23. His style of 
preaching, viii. 23. Character, viii. 
25. Courage, viii. 14. Heroick de- 
fence of the Indians, i. 228. viii. 30. 
Charity, x. 186. Political opinions, 
viii. 28. Prejudices, viii. 27. Death. 
i. 171. viii. 31. Account of his sons. 
i. 171. List of his works, viii. 32. 
See also iii. 177-188. v. 25. 43. vi. 
198. 203. vii. 23. ix. 176. 192. x. 

':• Sliot, Joseph, minister, i. 171. iv. 188. 
An eminent man. x. 93. 

Eliot, Richard RoswelL v. 267. 

Sliot, Samuel, i, 171. 

Elisha, Indian, x. 132. 

Elizabeth, Queen, vii. 266. 

Elizabeth- Islands, names of. i. 232. In- 
dians in 1698. x. 131. 

Elizabeth-River, iii. 86. 

Ellington incorporated, v. 169. 

Ellis, Gov. iii. 102. 

Ellis, Jonathan, Minister in Plymouth. 
iv. 131. In Compton. ix. 206. 

Elmer, Edward, vii 10. 

Elmer, Daniel, x. 85. 

Ely, Richard, x. 95. 

Emerson, John, Minister, x. 53. His 
children, x. 69. 

Emerson, John, Schoolmaster, vi. 240. 

Emerson, William, viii. 277. F. H. S. 
x. 192. 

Emery, Samuel, iii. 139. 

Emery, Stephen, viii. 154. 

Emigration from England ceases, vi. 

Emistefego, Indian, ii. 233. 

Endicott, John, settles at Salem, i. 123. 
iii. 66. vii. 7. viii. 38. 41. ix. 2. 
Character, iii. 75. vi. 261. Promotes 
the ordination of ministers, iii. 67. 
vi. 242. Proceedings against the 
Brownes. vi. 245. ix. 2. 3. 4. 5. Ex- 
pedition against the Pequots. iv. 273. 
vi. 231. Opposed to Mrs. Hutchin- 
son, vi. 255. Gov. of Massachusetts. 
iii. 194. vi. 257. Death, vi. 261. 

England, Kings of, from James 1st. iii. 

English, Mrs. accused of witchcraft, vi. 
264. 269. Generous favour of Mr. 
Moodey to her. x. 65. 

English, Philip, vi. 269. x. 65. 

Enon, now Wenham. vi. 254. 

Epes, Daniel, vi. 240. 

Ephraim, Indian deacon, i. 180. x. 134. 

Episcopal church in Boston, the first, 
formed, iii. 259. 

Episcopius, Arminian Professor, iv. 134. 
vii. 269. 

Epping incorporated, iv. 87. 

Erskine, John. v. 292. 

Erskine, Sir William, on the expedition 
to Danbury. ii. 95. Enters Philadel- 
phia, ii. 118. Marches to Chester, 
ii. 129. 

Espranija, village in Catskill. ix. 115. 

Esquimeaux coast, description of. i. 233. 
Indians, i. 234. ix. 217. 

Essequibo colony, i. 64. River, vi. 8. 

Essex bridge completed, vi. 229. 

Etchemins, or Schoodick river, iii. 100. 

Eutaw Springs, battle of. ii. 218. 

Evans, , geographer, vii. 136. 

Evans, Lieut, ii. 164. 

Evarts, John. x. 96. 

Eveleth, John. x. 83. 

Everett, Moses, i. 99. ix. 178. 

Everett, Moses, jun. ix. 191. 

Everett, Oliver, iii. 261. ix. 178. 

Executions, first, in New-Hampshire, x. 

Executions, not any, in Plymouth coun- 
ty, during 60 years, iii. 152. 

Exeter, description of. iv. 87. Academy 
founded, iv. 96. 

Eyre, Robert, x. 179. 


General Index. 

Eyres, Major, vi. 38. 

Eyres, Major, engineer, vii. 145. 


Fairbanks, Ebenezer. ix. 133. 

Fairfield burnt, ii. 169. iii. 103. vi. 174. 

Fairharen village in New- Bedford, iv. 
232. 235. British attempt to burn it. 
iv. 236. 

Fairhaven pond. i. 238. 

Faith, definitions of. ix. 9. 

Falkland Islands first visited by the 
whalemen of New-England, iii. 199. 

Falmouth, Barnstable county, descrip- 
tion of. viii. 127. Indian name of. i. 
198. 231. Number of Indians in. i. 

Falmouth, Casco-bay, burnt, ii. 58. 

Falmouth, Nova- Scotia, iii. 97. x. 81. 

False- caterpillar of the pear tree. v. 287. 

Familists, sect of. ix. 35. 49. 

Faneuil, Peter, iii. 253. 

Farmington Indians, x, 104. 

Farms, tract of land in Dorchester, ix. 

Farnsworth, , printer, vi. 77. 

Fast, first general, in American colonies, 
ii. 55. 

Fatooetee Island, iv. 243. 

Faunce, Thomas, deacon, iv. 126. Rul- 
ing elder, iv. 129. 

Fayette, Marquis de la, engages in the 
American service, ii. 91. Wounded 
in the battle of Brandy wine. ii. 116. 
In the battle of Monmouth, ii. 142. 
At Rhode - Island, ii. 148. Visits 
France, ii. 160. Returns to America, 
ii. 184. Dispatched to Virginia, ii. 
210. His operations there, ii. 213. 
Storms a British redoubt at York- 
town, ii. 222. ix. 107. 

Fayette Fort taken, ii. 166. 

Feak, Henry, viii. 119. 

Fearing, Israel, iv. 237. 

Febiger, Col. ii. 170. 

Federal Constitution of the United 
States formed, ii. 132. iii. 245. viii. 
91. Government first meets at New- 
York, ii. 132. iii. 245. 

Federal Furnace in Carver, ix. 258. 

Federal Island, ii. 21. 

Felix, Thomas, iii. 150. 

Fellowes, Gen. ii. 125. 

Fellowship, Right hand of, given at or- 
dinations in New-England, vi. 242. 
iv. 219. 

Fenner, Arthur, vi. 146. 

Fenwick, , of Saybrook. iv. 183. 

Ferguson, Adam. ii. 139. 151. 

Ferguson, Col. ii. 185. 

Ferguson. Major, ii. 198. 

Fessenden, Benjamin, viii. 125. 

Fessenden, William, ix. 145. 

Filer, Walter, ix. 154. 

Finney, Robert, iv. 123. 126. 

Fires in Boston, iii. 269. iv. 189. 211. 

v. 52. In Salem, 1698. vi. 234. 
Fisher, Hugh. ix. 157. 
Fisher, Nathaniel, vi. 274. 
Fish, Indian manner of catching, iii, 

224. viii. 233. 
Fishes, in Connecticut, iv. 270. In 

Demerary. vi. 4. In Labrador, i. 233. 

236. In Maine, i. 255. iii. 139. 143. 

145. 146. iv. 143. ix. 142. 228. In 

Massachusetts, i. 113. 119. 238. 273. 

ii. 6. iii. 2. 13. 18. 119. 139. 143. 146. 

153. 157. 167. 168. 189. 199. iv. 233. 

viii. 122. 140. 150. 191. 198. 220. 233. k 

246. 255. In New-Brunswick, iii. 
101. In New-England, i. 130. 186, 

247. iii. 224. vii. 249. In New- 
Hampshire, iv. 95. In New- York. 
i. 285, ix. 118. 124. In Nova- Scotia. 
iii. 98. x. 80. In Rhode -Island, ix. 
202. In Surrinam. i. 63. In Vir 
ginia. iii. 85. v. 126. 

Fishes, method of preserving, iv. 9. 
Fishing the employment of men among 

the Indians, i. 149. ix. 101. 
Fiske, John, General, vi. 240. 
Fiske, John, Minister of Wenham. x. 

26. Of Chelmsford, vi. 240. 253. 
Fiske, Moses, vi. 240. Ordained, ix. 

Fiske, Nathan, i. 266. 
Fiske, Samuel, Minister in Salem, vfi 

219. vi. 240. Ordained, vi. 273. ix, 

13. Death, vi. 274. 
Fiske, Thaddeus. vii. 33. 
Fiske, William, F. H. S. v. 291. Me- 

moir of. ix. 206. 
Fitch, Ebenezer. v. 291. 
Fitch, Elijah, iv. 16. 
Fitch, Jabez, minister of Ipswich, x 

34. ix. 197. Of Portsmouth, vii. 251 

x. 49. His family, x. 68. An emi- 
nent man. x. 170. 
Fitch, James, minister of Norwich, x 

50. ix. 86. Preaches to the Mohea^ 

gan Indians, i. 172. 208. Prays fc» 

rain. ix. 87. His epitaph, x. 

Children, x. 69. 
Fitch, John. x. 68. 
Fitch, Thomas, Gov. of Connecticut, vii 

91. 131. x. 68. 
Fitch, Thomas, of Norwalk. x. 6J 
Fitch's Inlet, i. 235. 
Five Nations of Indians, vi. 131. 133| 

Flag of the United States established bj 

Congress, ii. 80. 
Flagg, Major, ii. 210. 
Flat- rock Spring, vi. 214. 
Flax-Pond. viii. 130. 
Fleet, Thomas, v. 215. 
Fleming, printer, vi. 71. 
Fletcher, Gov. vi. 270. x. 66. 
Fletcher, John. x. 43. 53. 
Fleury, Col. ii. 170. 



General Index. 


iFlintston described, iii. 240. 

[Flint's Pond. x. 14. 

jFlood, tradition of, among the natives of 
Sandwich Islands, ix. 244. 

, Flucker, Thomas, v. 106. 

i Flynt, Henry, minister, ix. 175. 194. 
Flynt, Henry, tutor, ix. 183. Charac- 
ter, x. 165. 

[JFlynt, Josiah. vi. 100. Minister of Dor- 
chester, i. 99. ix. 194. Ordained, 
ix. 175. 

j Fobes, Peres, minister, iii. 168. Hisin- 

I tended History of Plymouth, iii. 176. 

JFog, Indian tradition respecting the ori- 
gin of. v. 56. 

JFolger, Peter, iii. 159. 

||Follen's Pond. viii. 129. 

HFones, John. v. 247. 

I Food of the Indians, i. 150. iii. 208. 

L viii. 193. 233. ix. 99. 101. 

iLForbes, Eli, minister, i. 265. x. 274. 
Author, i. 274. 

iFord, Thomas, ix. 154. 

HFordgier, Goodman, ix. 192. 

HFordyce, Capt. ii. 85. 

^Forefather's Rock at Plymouth, v. 57. 

ilForest- River, vi. 215. viii. 54. 

I Forge-Pond. iii. 168. 

.'Forkes, Gen. iii. 22. 

■fort-Hill, Boston, iii. 243. 
Fort- Hill, Yarmouth, v. 55. 

j Fortifications, Indian, in America, iii. 
23. 24. iv. 100. 106. 

jFossil shells in Nantucket, iii. 153. 

* (Fossil shells, bones, and trees in the 

i Southern States, iii. 88. 

JlFoster, Dan. v. 169. 
Foster, Deacon, x. 33. 

j Foster, Ensign, ix. 161. 

« (Foster, John, deacon, iv. 130. 

JjFoster, John, mathematician, ii. 10. 
| ix. 181. 

(.Foster, John, minister, vii. 37. 

»lFoster, Theodore, x. 192. 

tlFoster, Thomas, iv. 132. 

(Foster's Pond. x. 76. 

MFothergill, Anthony, x. 192. 

ijFowle, printer at Exeter, vi. 75. 

9 Fowle, Daniel, v. 215. Thrown into 
prison, vi. 69. 

•j Fowler, Abraham, x. 99. 

I Fowler, Amos. x. 94. 

ijFowler, John. x. 96. 
: Fowling-Pond. iii. 168. 171. 172. 

■Fox. iii. 222. 

O'Fox, George, x. 22. 

3jFox, Jabez. x. 181. 

j Fox, John. x. 181. 

-jFox Indians, x. 122. 123. 

•I Fox-Point, ix. 163. 

iiFox's Mills, Action at. ii. 197. 

fFoxcroft, Francis, v. 75. 

rFoxcroft, Thomas, minister, iii. 257. 
vi. (5.) Author, iii. 301. Character. 
x, 164. 

Foxon, Indian, ix. 83. 
France, three Commissioners sent to by 
Congress, ii. 89. Treaty with the 
United States signed, ii. 134. War 
commences with Great-Britain, ii. 
145. Treaty of peace with Great- 
Britain, ii. 234. 
Franklin, Benjamin, of Boston, v. 211. 
Franklin, Dr. Benjamin, v. 208. 211. 
Printer in Boston, vi. 67. One of the 
Congress at Albany, vii. 76. 203. 
Agent of Massachusetts, ii. 44. Ap- 
pears before the lords of the com- 
mittee for plantation affairs on the 
complaint against Hutchinson and 
Oliver, iii. 109. Prosecuted for con- 
veying the letters of the governours 
to Massachusetts, iii. 112. Severe 
reflections thrown on his character by 
Wedderburne, the solicitor general, 
iii. 113. Dismissed from his office 
of deputy post- master general, iii. 
115. Holds a conference with Lord 
Howe. ii. 75. vi. 164. Arrives in 
France as Commissioner of the United 
States, ii. 89. Makes a representa- 
tion to Lord Stormont respecting 
American prisoners, ii. 98. Gives in- 
formation to Lord North on the same 
subject, ii. 131. Recommends to 
American cruisers to treat Capt. Cook 
as a friend, iv. 79. 156. Negotiates 
peace with Great-Britain, ii. 234. 
Grandson of Peter Folger. iii. 160. 
Death, and donation to Boston, iii. 

Franklin, James, printer in Boston, v. 
208. vi. 64. 67. - 

Franklin, James, printer in Newport. 
vi. 75. 

Franklin, Lieut. Gov. iii. 102. 

Franklin, William, ii. 67. 

Franklin-Island in George's River, iv. 

Franklin's Island in Pacifick Ocean, ii. 

Fraser, Gen. ii. 122. 124. vi. 170. 

Fraser, Major, ii. 233. 

Frederickton in New-Brunswick, iii. 

Freeman, Edmund, viii. 119. 

Freeman, Gen. ii. 119. 

Freeman, James, iii. 260. v. 291. 

Freeman, John. vi. 91. viii. 152. 

Freeman, Nathaniel, of Sandwich, v. 

Freeman, Nathaniel, jun. viii. 63. 

Freeman, Nathaniel, of Harwich, viii. 

Freeman's Pond. x. 76. 

Freemason, a species of Merribunter. 
vi. 2. 

Freemasons, the first lodge of, held in 
North- America, iii. 273. 

Freemen in New-England at first con- 

vol. x. 

I i 


General Index. 

sisted of church members only. iv. 
185. 217. v. 174. vi. 236. vs.. 47. 
This practice not observed in Wind- 
sor, v. 167. 

Free-stone in Rhode-Island and Con- 
necticut, ix. 260. 

Freetown, number of Indians in. i. 201. 

French attempt to gain the Six Nations 
and other Indians, x. 146. Send an 
army into the western country of Vir- 
ginia, x. 147. Cultivate the friend- 
ship of the Indians, v. 119. Trade 
with the British American colonies, 
i. 80. Troops arrive at Newport, ii. 

French River, i. 114. 

French, Thomas, x. 96. 

Fresh- brook Hollow, viii. 115. 

Friend's settlement, i. 285. 

Frink, , minister, iv. 131. 

Frink, Thomas, x. 87. 

Frisbie, Levi. x. 33. 

Frobisher, Sir Martin, ix. 54. 

Frobisher, William, iii. 281. 

Frog of Demerary. vi. 3. 

Frontenac Fort. vii. 131. 

Frost, uncommon, in Massachusetts, iv. 
44. . 

Frost-Fish Brook, vi. 215. 216. 

Fruits in Demerary. vi. 4. In New- 
England, i. 108. 119. 128. iii. 78. 221. 
In Virginia, iii. 87. 89. 

Fry, Col. of Virginia, vi. 140. 

Frye, Col. of Nova- Scotia, x. 115. 

Frye, Joseph, ix. 137. 

Fryer, Justice, x. 44. 

Fulwin Indians, x. 123. 

Fuller, Abraham, v. 277. 

Fuller, Samuel, surgeon, iii. 74. ix. 3. 
Deacon at Plymouth, x. 2. Charac- 
ter, iv. 111. vii. 272. 

Fuller, Samuel, minister, iii. 149. Char- 
acter, iv. 127. 

Fulton's Point, iii. 141. 

Fundy Bay described, iii. 97. 


Gabaron-Bay. v. 205. 

Gabriel, Indian, vi. 16. 

Gachradodon, Cahuga chief, vii. 194. 
Bold and graceful orator, vii. 200. 

Gage, Thomas, Lieut. Col. vii. 92. 100. 
Gen. ii. 46. Gov. of Massachusetts, 
iii. 195. v. 106. Sends troops to Con- 
cord, ii. 48. 53. Declares Massachu- 
setts to be in a state of rebellion, ii. 
49. 54. Embarks for England, ii. 56. 

Gager, Deacon, ix. 12. Dies. viii. 40. 

Gair, Thomas, iii. 264. 

Galessoniere, Marquis de. vi. 53. 

Gallop, Capt. vi. 90. 

Gallope, , of Dorchester, ix. 150. 

Gallop's Island, iii. 296. ' 

Galloway's account of British cruelty, 
ii. 93. # 



Gambier, Capt. ii. 186. 

Gambier, Commodore, succeeded by Ad- 
miral Montague, ii. 45. Admiral, 
arrives at New- York. ii. 145. Suc- 
ceeded by Lord Howe. ii. 151. 

Gambling, Benjamin, x. 53. 

Gaming, Indians addicted to. i. 
iii. 234. viii. 236. 254. 

Gammon, Point, iii. 13. viii. 132. 

Gannett, Caleb, vii. 1. F. H. S. v 

Gansevoort, Col. ii. 108. 112. 116. 

Gardiner, John. iii. 301. 

Gardiner, John S. J. iii. 263. viii. 78. 

Gardiner, Major, ii. 163. 168. 

Gardiner's Island, ii. 206. 

Gardner, Andrew, i. 116. 

Gardner, Capt. of Nantucket, x. 132. 

Gardner, Capt. in Philip's war. vi. 90. 
234. 266. 

Gardner, Henry, ix. 191. 

Gardner, John, minister of Stow. x. 83. 
89. His children, x. 83. 

Gardner, Joseph, ix. 191. 

Gardner, Nathaniel, iii. 301. 

Gardner, — ■ — , minister of Lancaster, 
ix. 195. 

Garth, Gen. plunders New-Haven, ii, 
169. Assists in burning Fairfield, iii. 
103. 105. Taken prisoner, ii. 180. 

Gaspee settled by the French, vi. 136. 

Gaspee schooner burnt at Rhode-Island, 
ii. 45. 

Gates, Gen. Horatio, vi. 160. Takes 
command of the northern army. ii. 
70. 79. 84. Commands the northern 
army in 1777. vi. 170. Complains of 
the murder of Miss M'Crea. ii. 111. 
Takes post near Stillwater, ii. 116. 
Number of troops under his command, 
ii. 125. Makes prisoners of Bur- 
goyne's army. ii. 123. Encamps with 
troops at White Plains. ii. 145. 
Takes possession of Rhode- Island, ii. 
180. Defeated at Camden, ii. 189. 
President of convention of officers in 
1783. ii. 239. 

Gay, Ebenezer, ordained, ix. 196. An 
eminent man. x. 159. 

Gay-Head, according to an Indian tra- 
dition, once joined Noman's Land. i. 
139. Number of Indians at. x. 132. 
i. 206. Indian inscription on a grave 
stone, i. 140. 

Gayland, William, selectman of Dor- 
chester, ix. 152. Deacon, ix. 154. 

Gediack, or Jediuk tribe, x. 116. 

Gee, Joshua, minister, iii. 258. x. 67. 
Author, iii. 300. Character, x. 157.170. 

General courts in New-Haven colony, 
iv. 185. x. 97. 

Genesee, or Gennece river, lands on, 
described, i. 285. Falls, i. 285. In- 
dians, x. 121. 

Geneva, on Canada- Saga lake, described. 
i. 285. 

General Index. 


George 1st and lid. iii. 194. 

George Hid. iii. 195. ix. 281. 

George, Jonathan, Indian of Little- 
Compton. x. 129. 

George, Sachem of Nauset. viii. 164. 

Georgeekee, Indian name of Thomas- 
ton, iv. 20. 

Georges, Fort at, attacked by the French 
and Indians, iv. 20. 

George's Island, iii. 296. 

Georgetown, Description of. i. 251. 

Georgia joins American colonies, ii. 64. 
Progress of the British troops in. ii. 

Gerard, Minister from France arrives. 
ii. 146. Has his first audience of 
Congress, ii. 148. Presents memo- 
rials to Congress, ii. 159. 160. 

Germaine, Lord George, Secretary of 
State for American colonies, ii. 63. 
Brings into the House of Commons 
the American piracy bill. ii. 92. 
Communicates to Gen. Carleton the 
plan of the northern campaign of 
1777. ii. 97. Recommends employ- 
ing the Indians, ii. 111. Censured 
by Gen. Howe. ii. 139. Defends the 
manifesto of the British Commission- 
ers, ii. 157. Resigns, ii. 226. 

German- Flats, Houses at, burnt by the 
royalists, ii. 152. 

Germantown, Battle of. ii. 119. 

German troops hired by Parliament, ii. 
62. Arrive at New- York. ii. 72. 
Number of in 1777. ii. 100. 

Gerrish, John. vi. 241. 

Gerry, Thomas, viii. 55. 

Gibbons, , one of the first settlers 

of the Isles of Shoals, vii. 249. 253. 

Gibbons, Capt. ii. 171. 

Gibbs, Henry, minister of Watertown. 
x. 68. Eminent man. x. 170. 

Gibbs, John, Indian minister at Nan- 
tucket, i. 206. 207. His life threat- 
ened by King Philip, iii. 159. 

Gibson, Bishop, viii. 77. 

Gibson, Richard, x. 38. 

Gidney, Bartholomew, King's counsel- 
lor, v. 245. Judge, v. 76. 

Gifford, G. ix. 11. 

Gilbert, Sir Humphrey, Col. ix. 53. 
Obtains a patent of Queen Elizabeth, 
ix. 51. Sails to Newfoundland, ix. 52. 
Lost in a storm, ix. 50. Character, 
ix. 52. 

Giles, Capt. vi. 115. 

Gilians and Valdes Island, ix. 242. 

Gill, John. vi. 69. 

Gillet, Nathan, ix. 154. 

Gillon, Commodore, ii. 229. 

Gilman, family of. iv. 93. 

Gilman, Peter, x. 70. 

Gilmantown in New-Hampshire, iv. 89. 

Gist, Col. ii. 114. General, ii. 233. 

Glades among the Alleghany Moun- 
tains, iii. 22. 

Glauber's Salts manufactured in Massa- 
chusetts, viii. 124. 138. ix. 165. 

Gloucester settled, ix. 39. 

Gloucester in Virginia, ix. 108. 

Glover, , intended minister of Ply- 
mouth, vii. 277. 

Glover, , of Dorchester, dies. ix. 


Glover, Col. viii. 80. 

Glover, Gen. ii. 125. 148. 

Glover, John, one of the first settlers of 
Dorchester, ix. 18. 150. 180. 

Glover, John, Dr. ix. 180. 

Glover, Joseph, brings the first printing 
press to New-England, vi. 232. vii. 

Glover, Nathaniel, ix. 186. 

Glover, Pelatiah. ix. 180. 

Gnat-River, ix. 116. 

Goddard, John. x. 63. 69. 

Gods of the Indians, i. 136. 154. iii. 
206. 226. viii. 264. x. 108. See Cau- 

Godfrey, , of Chatham, ix. 196. 

Goff, , comes to New-England, vii. 


Goffe, Col. one of King Charles' judges, 
ii. 35. Resides in Cambridge, vii. 50. 

Golden Hill. x. 112. 

Goodale's Spring, vi. 216. 

Goodman, John. viii. 223. 225. 

Goodman, Richard, vii. 10. 

Goodwin, John. ix. 7. 

Goodwin, Thomas, President of Magda- 
len College, vii. 41. Chaplain to 
Oliver Cromwell, ix. 8. 

Goodwin, William, vii. 10. 

Gookin, Daniel, Major Gen. v. 256. 
Memoirs of. i. 228. Removes to Cam- 
bridge, vii. 23. A grantee of Wor- 
cester, i. 115. Appointed superin- 
tendant of the Indians in Massachu- 
setts, i. 177. x. 128. Defends his 
character, vi. 198. Takes a journey 
to Wamesit. i. 186. Visits the In- 
dian praying towns in Massachusetts. 
i. 189. Endeavours to civilize the In- 
dians, x. 9. Writes a narrative of 
the war with the Maquas. iii. 180. A 
pillar in the Indian work. iii. 181. 
His courts among the praying Indians 
held in the English tongue, iii. 184. 
185. His salary from the Society for 
Propagating the Gospel, i. 180. 218. 
Contents of his History of New-Eng- 
land, i. 224. Death and character, 
iii. 187. Inscription on his monu- 
ment, vii. 24. Account of his pos- 
terity, ii. 25. 

Gookin, Daniel, minister of Sherburne, 
i. 229. Preacher at Natick. iii. 185. 
187. viii. 21. 


General Index. 

Gookin, Nathaniel, minister of Cam- 
bridge, vii. 32. Memoir of. vii. 54. 

Gookin, Nathaniel, jun. minister in 
Hampton, ii. 25. Character, vii. 55. 

Gookin, Nathaniel, 3d. minister in 
Hampton, ii. 25. x. 55. 68. Char- 
acter, vii. 55. 

Gooseberries, rocks, vi. 222. 

Gore, Christopher, v. 291. 

Gorges, Sir Ferdinando, proprietor of 
Maine, iii. 138. Receives a charter 
of the province, iii. 8. ix. 248. 
Three of his planters killed by the 
Indians, viii. 227. Attempts to in- 
troduce into New- England the wor- 
ship of the English church, i. 125. 
ix. 6. A false friend to the New- 
England puritans, iii. 70. 71. iv. 120. 
Form of an oath appointed to be 
taken by him. i. 101. 

Gorges, Robert, i. 125. 

Gorges, Thomas, iii. 138. 

Gorgiana, now York, incorporated, iii. 
8. Tax of, in 1645. i. 102. 

Gorham, Col. i, 16. 38. 

Gorham, William, iv. 27. 30. 

Gorton, Samuel, of Rhode-Island, v. 
230. Head of the Familists. ix. 35. 
x. 28. 

Gortonists, Sect of. ix. 36. 49. 

Gosnold, Bartholomew, discovers Cape- 
Cod, viii. 160. And the Elizabeth 
Islands, iv. 234. 

Gospel first preached to the Indians of 
New-England, i. 168. v. 256. viii. 
12. ix. 197. x. 11. 

Gospel, Society for Propagating, in New- 
England constituted, i. 212. v. 261. 
Obtains a charter from Charles lid. 
i. 214. vii. 226. 

Gosport. vii. 244. Erected into a town. 
vii. 246. 

Goss, Thomas, x. 82. 

Gould, Lieut. Col. ii. 96. 

Government of the Indians, i. 132. 
154. iii. 229. ix. 213. 214. 

Governour's Island, Boston Harbour, 
iii. 296. 299. 

Governour's Island, New- York Har- 
bour, ii. 67. 

Gower, Lord. ii. 104. 

Graaf, Sieur de, Gov. ii. 92. 

Grafton, Duke of, supports Earl of Chat- 
ham's motion for an accommodation 
with America, ii. 103. Protests 
against the manifesto of the British 
Commissioners, ii. 157. 

Grafton, Joseph, v. 275. 

Grafton, Indian name of. i. 184. Num- 
ber of Indians in. i. 195. x. 134. 

Grammar Schools established in Ply- 
mouth colony, viii. 167. 

Grampus-Bay. viii. 218. 

Grandby Fort taken, ii. 212. 

Grand-Cove. viii. 132. 

Grand-Manan-Island. iii. 95. 

Grand- River, vi, 53. 

Grant, Matthew, ix. 154. 

Grant's Hill. iii. 22. 

Grape-Island, iii. 296. 

Grape- Swamp, viii. 156. 

Grapes in New-England, i. 119. iii. 

221. viii. 42. 
Grasse, Count de. ii. 217. 221. 225. 
Grasses in Rhode-Island, ix. 200. 
Grave- Creek, iii. 24. 
Graves of the Indians, iii. 238. viii. 

209. 215. 218. _ 
Graves, Rocks, iii. 206. 
Graves, Thomas, v. 75. 
Gray, Ellis, minister, iii. 261. Author. 

Gray, or Grey, Gen. ii. 151. iv. 237. 
Gray, Thomas, ix. 205. 
Great-Bridge, Battle of. ii. 85. 
Great-Britain, Increase of the national 

debt of, by the American war. ii. 240. 
Great-Harbour, viii. 151. 166. 
Great-Hill. viii. 117. 143. 
Great-Hollow, iii. 196. viii. 209. 210. 
Great-Island, Newcastle, x. 46. 
Great-Island, Wellfleet. iv. 41. 
Great- Marshes, iii. 16. 
Great-Meadow River, viii. 155. 219. 
Great-Neck, Eastham. viii. 158. 
Great-Neck, Marblehead. viii. 54. 55. 
Great-Neck, Marshpee. i. 231. 
Greaton, James, iii. 261. 
Great-Pasture, vi. 213. 
Great-Plain, x. 100. 
Great-Pond. viii. 156. 218. 
Great- Swamp, vi. 213. 
Greaves, Samuel, Admiral, ii. 58. 61. 
Greaves, Thomas, Admiral, joins Admi- 
ral Arbuthnot. ii. 188. Commands 

British fleet at New- York. ii. 215. 

218. Sails for Chesapeak-Bay. ii. 

220. Engagement with Count de 

Grasse. ii. 221. 

Green, , minister of Reading, x. 26. 

Green, , printer in Boston, vi. 70. 

Green, B. printer, v. 209. vi. 67. 

Green, B. jun. printer, vi. 67. 

Green, Christopher, defends Red-Bank. 

ii. 126. Slain, ii. 210. 
Green, Henry, x. 44. 
Green, John, of Stow. x. 84. 
Green, John, of Warwick, v. 219. 221. 

223. 226. 230. 236. 
Green, Joseph, minister in Barnstable. 

iii. 16. Preaches at Marshpee. iii. 

Green, Joseph, of Boston, iii. 301. 
Green, Joseph, minister of Salem-vil- 

lage. x. 170. 
Green, Joseph, minister of Yarmouth. 

v. 60. 
Green, Nathaniel, appointed Major- 
General, ii. 74. Abandons Fort Lee. 

ii. 83. In the battle of Trenton, ii. 

• t 

General Index. 


38. In the battle of Brandywine. ii. 

jllo. In the battle of Germantown. 

Ri. 119. 120. In the battle of Mon- 
mouth, ii. 143. In the battle of 
Rhode Island, ii. 149. Commands in 
Carolina, ii. 199. His movements in 
North- Carolina, ii. 205. Fights the 
Dattle of Guilford-court-house. ii. 

JE07. And of Waxhaws. ii. 209. Re- 

Ibulsed at Ninety- six. ii. 212. Defeats 
the royalists at Eutaw- Springs, ii. 

■218. ix. 105. Takes leave of the 
Brmy in Carolina, ii. 242. See also, 

lli. 104. 129. 188. 192. 230. 233. 

Ifeen, Samuel, printer in Cambridge. 

Iv. 215. vii. 19. 

ifeen, Samuel, printer in New-Haven. 

m. 76. 

Iteen, Samuel, printer in New-London. 

qvi. 76. 

ireen, Thomas, printer in Boston, v. 

IpiO. vi. 67. 

ijeen, Thomas, printer in Connecticut. 

jjvi. 76. 

4jeen, Timothy, v. 215. vi. 76. 

jreen, William, vi. 145. 

Ben, William, jun. vi. 146. 

l|een County, incorporated, ix. 111. 

yeen-Island. iii. 296. 

weenleaf, Daniel, v. 60. 

'^eenleaf, Joseph, viii. 177. 
reenleaf, Stephen, x. 69. 

'reenland. ix. 54. Indians, ix. 217. 

ireenland in Maine described, iii. 240. 

iteenland in New-Hampshire, x. 46. 

reenough, William, v. 277. 

■ reensburgh in Pennsylvania, iii. 22. 

'freen's Harbour, ix. 39. 

ireenwood, Isaac, iii. 300. 

tfeenwood, Mrs. x. 67. 

renada taken by Count d'Estaing. ii. 


irenville, Lord George, vi. 190. Lowers 

:the duty on foreign molasses, vi. 193. 

.{Proposes to raise a revenue in Amer- 
ica, ii. 41. vi. 194. ix. 268. 

jrey, Gen. ii. 151. iv. 237. 

rey Rock, vi. 222. 

(ridley, Col. vi. 36. 

Ridley, Jeremy, iii. 301. v. 212. vi. 69. 

'tiffin's Island, iv. 41. 

«tiswold, Matthew, vii. 238. 239. 

iroton in Connecticut, x. 102. Burnt 
by Arnold, ii. 217. 

round-Nut. i. 128. 

■round-Root-Hill. iii. 9. 

Irove, , of Charlestown. ix. 18. 

jrover's Hill. iii. 103. 104. 

uildersleeve, Cyrus, ix. 158. 

Siilford, History of. iv. 182. x. 90. 
Settled, iii. 5. 153. Harbour, x. 100. 

ulls, Method of killing, at Wellfleet. 

liii. 120. 

,hin, Capt. ii. 232. 

Gunby, Col. ii. 208. 209. 

Gunnison, Elihu. x. 69. 

Gunpowder manufactured in the United 

States, ii. 61. 
Gunpowder Plot. x. 171. 
Gurnet, Point, ii. 5. viii. 242. 
Gurney, David, iii. 2. 150. 
Guttridge, Richard, x. 96. 
Gwynn's Island, Battle of. ii. 60. 


Hadden, Garrad. vii. 10. 

Hadley attacked by the Indians, iii. 

Haies, Edward, ix. 50. 

Hains, John, Gov. of Connecticut, his 
speech to R. Williams, i. 280. See 

Haines, Samuel, x. 42. 43. 53. 

Hair, Long, considered as a crime in 
New- England, x. 179. 

Hakluyt, Richard, ix. 49. 57. 

Haldimand, Frederick, Gov. of Quebec. 
ii. 113. vi. 54. Sent into Germany. 
ii. 133. Orders a census of Quebec, 
vi. 49. 

Hale, , minister, v. 75. vi. 267. 

Hale, Israel, ix. 138. 

Haley, , of the Isles of Shoals, vii. 


Haley's Island, vii. 242. 

Half- Moon on Hudson's River, vi. 35. 

Half-Moon Island, iii. 296. 

Half-Ponds, viii. 158. 

Halfway River, i. 114. 

Halfway Rock. vi. 222. 

Halifax described, iii. 96. x. 79. 82. 
Road from, to Gulf of St. Lawrence 
opened, iii. 101. 

Halket, Sir Peter, vii. 93. 

Hall, Ammi-Ruhamah. x. 53. 

Hall, Prince, black man. iv. 199. Grand 
Master of African Lodge, iv. 210. 

Hall, Samuel, travels to Connecticut 
river, ix. 152. 

Hall, Samuel, printer, v. 215. vi. 75. 
vii. 19. 

Hall, Stephen, iv. 29. 

Hall, Thomas, x. 192. 

Hall, William, x. 96. 

Hallet, Enoch, v. 59. 

Hamden, John. viii. 258. 

Hamilton, Gen. ii. 125. 

Hamilton, Henry, Lieut. Gov. at De- 
troit, ii. 161. Lieut. Gov. of Que- 
bec, vi. 55. 

Hamilton, James, proprietor of Lancas- 
ter, vii. 178. Gov. of Pennsylvania, 
vi. 138. 

Hamlin, Africa, ix. 144. 

Hamlin, America, ix. 138. 

Hamlin, Europe, ix. 138. 

Hamlin, Hannibal, ix. 144. 

Hamlin, Jabez. vii. 238. 

Hammonassett River, iv. 183. 


General Index. 

Hammond, Sir Andrew, iii. 102. 

Hammond, Sir Andrew Snape. ii. 175. 

Hammond, Col. ii. 164. 

Hammond, Dr. ix. 8. 

Hammond's Fort. i. 253. 

Hand, Gen. ii. 175. 

Handheld, Capt. vi. 122. 

Hancock, John, minister in Braintree, 
ordained, ix. 197. Eminent man. x. 

Hancock, John, minister of Lexington, 
vii. 33. ix. 177. Eminent man. x. 

Hancock, John, of Boston, his wine ves- 
sel seized by the Commissioners of the 
Customs, ii. 43. Patriot of 1775. v. 
106. President of Congress, iii. 244. 
Signs Declaration of Independence, 
ii. 68. Major Gen. in the expedition 
against Rhode- Island, ii. 148. Gov. 
of Massachusetts, iii. 195. Judge 
Minot's care to introduce his name 
into the History of the Insurrections. 
viii. 98. Author, iii. 301. 

Hancock, Thomas, ix. 186. 

Hancock County, iv. 153. 

Hancock's Inlet, i. 235. 

Hancock's Island, ii. 22. 

Hangman's Island, iii. 296. 

Hapgood, Oliver, ix. 139. 

Hap's Hill. iv. 234. 

Harcourt, Col. takes Gen. Lee prisoner, 
ii. 85. Enters Philadelphia, ii. 118. 

Harding, Elisha. i. 265. 

Harding's Beach, viii. 147. 

Harding's Hollow, viii. 113. 

Harding's Rocks, iii. 296. 

Hardy, Sir Charles, Gov. of New- York, 
arrives, vii. 103. Goes to Albany, 
and calls in the militia, vii. 124. 
Makes a speech to the Assembly, vii. 
129. One of the grand council of 
war. vii. 131. Ascendancy gained 
over him by De Lancey. vii. 135. 
142. 144. 

Harkermer, Gen. ii. 108. 116. 

Harlackenden, Richard, vii. 10. 

Harmon and Moulton subdue the Nor- 
ridgewocks. ix. 209. 220. 

Harrington, Earl of. ii. 124. 

Harris, Col. ii. 167. 

Harris, Henry, minister, iii. 259. vii. 
217. Author, iii. 300. 

Harris, Job. x. 53. 

Harris, Thaddeus-Mason, minister, ix. 
178. F. H. S. v. 291. 

Harris, William, viii. 63. 78. 

Harrison, Carter-Basset, iii. 91. 

Harrison, Col. ii. 209. 

Harrison, Dr. x. 27. 

Hart, John. x. 94. 

Hart, Samuel, x. 53. 

Hart, Stephen, vii. 10. 

Hartford settled, vii. 16. iii. 153. Bill 
of mortality, iii. 4. Account of. iii. 

5. Number of Indians in 1761. 

Harvard, John. i. 242. vii. 18. 
Harvard College founded, i. 242. t ft 

16. 18. Overseers appointed, vii. 

First charter granted, vii. 27. List ifo 

Presidents, vii. 27. Hall burnt, i 

vii. 5. Halls described, vii. 5. 
Harvard, town, account of. x. 88. 
Harwich, Indian name of. i. 197. Graii sn 

ed. viii. 162. Incorporated, viii. 1. 

x. 72. Indians, viii. 173. x. 1! 

Description of. viii. 141. x. 73. 
Harwood, Charles, iii. 259. 
Haskell's Cove. vi. 217. 
Hassanamesit, or Hassanamisco. vi. 2(|ise 

Indian town. i. 184. Indian chur 

gathered at. ix. 198. x. 124. Indiai 

x. 105. 134. 
Haste-Rock. vi. 222. 
Hatch, Israel, x. 140. 
Hatch, Nathaniel, ix. 188. 
Hatfield attacked by the Indians, iii. 1 
Hathorne, or Harthorne, John. v. 62. 
Hathorne, William, vi. 251. 256. 2t 

266. Memoir of. v. 286. 
Hatton, George, iii. 259. 
Haughton, James, ix. 75. 
Haven, Jason, ix. 178. 
Haven, Samuel, x. 56. 
Hawes, Prince, v. 59. 
Hawks tamed by the Indians, iii. 220 
Hawley, Gideon, missionary, x. 11 

153. Memoirs of. iii. 191. iv. 50, 
Hawley, Major, i, 86. 
Hay, Col. ii. 170. 
Hayes, Col. ii. 204. 
Hayman, Peter, v. 160. 
Hayne, Isaac, ii. 215. 
Haynes, John, Gov. of Massachusettt 

iii. 194. v. 172. Of Connecticut. v\ 

10. 12. Speech to R. Williams, i. 28fig 
Haynes, Williams, v. 219. 
Hayt, Peter, Indian, x. 132. 
Hazard, Ebenezer. v. 292. 
Hazlewood, Commodore, ii. 127. 
Head of Pamet Hollow, viii. 113. 
Hearth stone for furnace, ix. 260. 
Heate, Thomas, vii. 10. 
Heath, Capt. vi. 113. 
Heath, William, General, vii. 36. 
Hedge, Barnabas, v. 59. 
Hedge, Jacob, Indian, x. 133. 
Heevaroa Island, iv. 240. 
Heister, Gen. de, arrives at New-Yor: 

ii. 72. In the battle of White- Plain 

ii. 81. Returns to Europe, ii. 131. 
Hemmenway, Moses, iii. 139. 
Hemp, Wild, in New-England, viii. 22§ii 

ix. 152. 
Henchman, Capt. v. 270. 
Henchman, Thomas, i. 163. 187. 
Hendrick, Mohawk sachem, x. 86. 14 

151. His speech at the Congress 

Albany, vii. 76. Slain, ix. 97. 


General Index. 


enley, Thomas, ii. 77. 
enry, Cape. iii. 85. 
ienry, Patrick, ii. 69. 
ierbert's Church Militant quoted, i. 

erbs, Esculent, in New-England, i. 
118. iii. 77. viii. 221. 
eresy, Law passed in Massachusetts 
against, vi. 255. 
^[erring- Cove. iv. 42. viii. 110. 
erring-Pond Indians, i. 201. 230. iii. 
189. iv. 66. 

erring-River, iv. 41. viii. 114. 165. 
^essian troops hired by Parliament, ii. 

'-* lacoomes, Indian preacher, story of. 
afi. 154. Ordained at Martha's Vine- 
yard, i. 204. Preaches to the Indians 
of Nantucket, i. 206. 
iacoomes, Joel. i. 155. 173. 

liacoomes, John. x. 134. 
ickory. iii. 220. 
--ifidden, Samuel, ix. 145. 
iggins, Ambrose, iv. 253. 
iggins, Richard, viii. 164. 168. 
iggins' -River, viii. 188. 

[igginson, Erancis, arrives at Salem. 
i. 123. vi. 231. Ordained, iii. 67. 
vi. 242. iv. 219. ix. 2. 3. Differs in 
some points from the church of Ply- 
mouth, ix. 13. 14. Death, viii. 40. 
j)| Character, vi, 244. Portrait, vi. 275. 

Igginson, Erancis, minister of West- 
moreland, vi. 244. 253. 

tigginson, John, minister of Guilford, 
iv. 187. x. 92. 93. 96. Of Salem. 
vi. 243. 259. ix. 12. Popular minis- 
ter, iv. 217. viii. 278. Wrote, jointly 
with William Hubbard, dying testi- 
mony to the order of the churches. 
x. 35. Death, vi. 272. ix. 195. 
i ;,]jMagginson, Stephen, viii. 104. 

tigginson, Stephen, jun. x. 192. 

[igh-land of Cape Cod. iii. 197. viii. 
113. 115. 158. 

lighland, George, x. 96. 

tildersham's description of faith, ix. 9. 

till, , of Dorchester, ix. 150. 

lill, Edward, v. 145. 158. 

till, Elisha. x. 53. 

lillhouse, James, vii. 238. 

Milliard, Timothy, minister in Barnsta- 
ble, iii. 16. In Cambridge, vii. 37. 
38. Memoirs of. vii. 63. 
Yflfiilliard, William, vii. 19. 
til lillsborough, Lord. ii. 43. 

lilton, , of Pownalborough. vii. 

;jpinchcliffe, Dr. Bishop of Peterborough. 
Supports Lord Chatham's motion for 
an accommodation with America, ii. 
103. Speaks against the manifesto of 
■A the British Commissioners, ii. 156. 
-Hi linckley, Daniel, x. 130. 

Ilinckley, Thomas, iii. 16. 188. v. 194. 


viii. 152. Commissioner of the Uni- 
ted Colonies, v. 229. Gov. of Ply- 
mouth, iii. 194. v. 235. viii. 171. 

Hincks, John. v. 245. 

Hinds, Ebenezer. iii. 2. 151. 

Hinsdale, Theodore, v. 168. 

Historical Journal of the American War. 
ii. 41. 

Historical Society instituted, iii. 274. 
viii. 102. 282. First constitution, i. 
1. Introductory address, i. 2. First 
circular letter, ii. 1. Act of incorpo- 
ration, iv. 1. Second constitution. 
iv. 2. Second circular letter, iv. 5. 
Present constitution, x. — . 

Hitchborn, Benjamin- Andrews, ix. 191. 

Hoadley, John. x. 92. 96. 

Hoar, Leonard, vi. 100. vii. 27. ix. 176. 

Hobart, Nehemiah, minister of Newton. 
v. 267. ix. 156. Death, ix. 196. x. 

Hobart, Peter, v. 267. x. 26. 

Hobbamock, Indian, resides at Ply- 
mouth, viii. 241. APinese. viii. 242. 
Accuses Tisquantum of treachery, 
viii. 241. 242. 244. Accompanies Gov. 
Bradford to Manomet. viii. 253. And 
Edward Winslow to Puckanokick. 
viii. 258. Massassowat reveals to him 
the plot of the Indians, viii. 262. 
Which he communicates to Winslow. 
viii. 264. Accompanies Capt. Stan- 
dish to Massachusetts, viii. 269. Fights 
against the Indians, viii. 271. See 
also viii. 272. 275. 

Hobbamocka-Pond. x. 84. 

Hoccanum Indians, in East-Hartford, x. 

Hockanom Creek, i. 232. viii. 131. See 

Hoes of the Indians, iii. 222. viii. 193. 
ix. 101. 

Hog-Island, Boston harbour, iii. 296. 

Hog-Island, Little, iii. 296. 

Hog-Island, Bristol harbour, v. 217. 

Hog-Island, Chatham harbour, viii. 18S. 

Hog-Island, Isles of Shoals, vii. 242. 

Hog-Island, harbour, Falmouth, viii. 

Hog-Pond. viii. 122. 

Hog's Back in Truro, iii. 197. viii. 210. 

Hokkanom in Yarmouth, v. 58. 

Holden, Effects of the great earthquake 
in. iv. 231. 

Holland, Trade of, with the British 
American colonies, i. 80. Founda- 
tion of the disputes between, and 
England, ii. 92. 160. Disputes in- 
crease, ii. 183. Reprisals made on, 
by England, ii. 201. Declares war 
against England, ii. 203. Acknowl- 
edges the independence of the United 
States, ii. 228. Treaty of commerce 
between, and the United States signed. 


General Index. 

ii. 233. Treaty of peace between, and 
Great-Britain signed, ii. 234. 

Hollingsworth, Richard, vi. 269. His 
son. x. 65. 

Hollis, Thomas, iii. 19. v. 171. x. 149. 

Holliston, Description of. iii. 18. 

Hollows, or vallies, in the county of 
Barnstable, iii. 196. viii. 113, 

Holman, Thomas, ix. 194. 

Holmes, Abiel, minister of Midway, ix. 
158. Of Cambridge, vii. 38. F. H. 
S. v. 291. 

Holmes, John. ii. 8. iv. 123. 

Holmes, Joseph, ix. 255. 

Holt, Charles, vi. 77. 

Holt, Lord Chief Justice, ix. 248. 

Holyoke, Edward, minister in Marble- 
head, viii. 70. President of Har- 
vard College, vii. 27. Character, x. 

Homans, John. ix. 190. 

Homer, Arthur, x. 192. 

Homer, Jonathan, minister, v. 277. F. 
H. S. x. 191. 

Homer, Stephen, father of seven gigan- 
tick sons. v. 58. 

Honnonthauans, or Seneka Indians, vi. 

Hood, Admiral Sir Samuel, arrives at 
New- York. ii. 218. Sails for Chesa- 
peak-Bay. ii. 221. Takes ship Ville 
de Paris, ii. 225. Sails from the 
West-Indies, ii. 233. 

Hoods in Virginia, iii. 85. 

Hooker, Thomas, minister of Newtown, 
or Cambridge, vii. 10. Memoirs of. 
vii. 38. Arrives in New-England, vii. 
12. Confers with J. Eliot, viii. 29. 
Disputes with P. Williams, x. 17. 
Moderator of a Synod, ix. 32. Set- 
tles Hartford, vi. 156. vii. 16. En- 
courages Connecticut troops, iv. 278. 
Invited to attend the Westminster 
Assembly, ix. 40. Moderator of an 
Assembly of ministers at Cambridge, 
ix. 48. The inhabitants of Massachu- 
setts dissatisfied with him. i. 280. 
See also ix. 13. 15. 21. 

Hooper, Robert, vii. 169. 

Hooper, William, minister, iii. 263. 
Author, iii. 301. 

Hoosack-River. viii. 48. 

Hope, Henry, vi. 55. 

Hope Mount, v. 222. 224. 226. 

Hopkins, Daniel, vi. 275. 

Hopkins, Edward, iv. 182. Benefactor 
to Harvard College, iv. 15. Gov. of 
of Connecticut, vii. 22. 

Hopkins, Eseck. ii. 62. 

Hopkins, Stephen, travels to Pamet 
River, viii. 207. 212. One of the 
planters of Plymouth, viii. 226. Sent 
messenger to Massasoit. iii. 148. 
viii. 232. 

Hopkins, Stephen, one of the Congress 

at Albany, vii. 76. Gov. of Rhode- 
Island, vi. 145. 

Hopkins, , of Sheffield, x. 152. 

Hopkins' Cliff, viii. 210. 

Hopkins' Creek, viii. 211. 

Hopkinton, Description of. iv. 15. In- 
dian name. i. 188. x. 82. 

Hopson, Col. iii. 101. 

Hor, Philip, ix. 139. 

Horsemanden, Daniel, judge in New- 
York, vii. 143. Chief justice, ii. 45, 

Horse-Neck, British expedition to. ii, 

Horse-Pasture- Point, vi. 212. 

Horse- Shoe in Billingsgate Harbour, 
iii. 117. 

Horton in Nova-Scotia, iii. 96. 98. x. 81. 

Hor ton's Point, vi. 216. 

Ilosmer, Thomas, vii. 10. 

Hotham, Commodore, ii. 154. 

Houghton, Elder, vi. 243. ix. 2. 

Houlden, Randall, v. 219. 221. 223. 
226. 230. 236. 250. 

Hoult, Edmund, ix. 171. 

Housatonick, or Stockbridge. vii. 98. »„, 
River, vii. 233. , 

House-Island, vi. 221. 

Houses of the Indians, i. 123. 132. 149. T jj 
181. iii. 211. 212. iv. 72. viii. 216. 

ix. 213. 227. 

-, of Rhode-Island, vii. 


76. 203 

Howard, Bezaleel. vii. 66. 

Howard, Capt. ii. 237. 

Howard, Col. ii. 204. 208. 

Howard, Simeon, iii. 174. x. 189. 
Minister, iii. 263. 

Howe, , chaplain to Oliver Crom- 
well, ix. 7. Writes against the doc- ^ 
trine of particular faith, ix. 8. His 
opinion of Cromwell, ix. 9. 

Howe, James-Blake, ix. 191. 

Howe, Joseph, iii. 261. 

Howe, Nathaniel, iv. 17. 

Howe, Richard, Lord Viscount Admiral, 
arrives off New- York. ii. 70. His 
conference with a Committee of Con- 
gress, ii. 75. vi. 164. Convoys Brit- 
ish army to Chesapeak-bay. ii. 108. 
Arrives at the mouth of Elk- river, ii, 
113. Attempts to remove the obstruc- 
tions in Delaware-river, ii. 127. Sails Ff 
to Newport, ii. 130. One of the 1111 * 
Commissioners in 1778. ii. 139. Ap- 
pears off Rhode-Island, ii. 149. vi. 
173. Succeeded by Admiral Gam- 
bier, ii. 151. 

Howe, Robert, Gen. ii. 155. 

J.X.WVVV-, jLVUUWIp, VJCilX. XI. Xt/CS. \,r 

Howe, Sir William, General, arrives at; 3 

Boston, ii. 49. Commands in the 11 '' 

battle of Bunker-hill. ii. 49. vi. 159.! f 



[ lull, 

Succeeds Gen. Gage in the command 
of the British army. ii. 56. Lands his 
army on Staten- Island, ii. 67. Com- 
missioner for restoring peace, ii. 70.jH lt 

General Index. 


vi. 164. Lands his army on Long- 

| Island, ii. 73. vi. 165. His account 
of the movements of his troops, after 

i they landed on New- York. ii. 80. 

| Pursues the American army through 

I New-Jersey, ii. 84. His troops reach 
the Delaware, ii. 85. Issues a pro- 

| clamation for levying provincial 

j troops, ii. 95. Demands of Gen. 
Washington an exchange of prisoners. 

I ii. 98. Difference takes place between 
him and Earl Piercy. ii. 102. Opens 
the campaign of 1777. ii. 104. Ad- 

| vances with his army to Westfield. ii. 
105. Embarks from New- York for 

| Chesapeak-bay. ii. 108. Lands at 

I Elk-river, ii. 113. Battle of Brandy- 

| wine. ii. 114. Battle of German- 
town, ii. 118. Finds it difficult to 

1 obtain supplies for his troops in Phila- 
delphia, ii. 127. Meditates an attack 
on the American army at Valley- 
Eorge. ii. 130. Resigns his command 
of the British army. ii. 139. 

lowe. William, of Nova- Scotia, vi. 122. 

lowel, , counsel for David Avery. 

v. 51. 

lubbard, Ebenezer, viii. 70. 

lubbard, George, x. 96. 

lubbard, Gilbert-Harrison, v. 292. 

lubbard, James, vii. 29. 

lubbard, John. ii. 31. 

lubbard, Thomas, Speaker, vi. 97. 130. 
Commissioner of the Society for Prop- 
agating the Gospel, iii. 192. 

lubbard, Thomas, printer, vi. 77. 

lubbard, William, representative of 
Ipswich, x. 32. 34. 

lubbard, William, minister of Ipswich, 
memoirs of. x. 32. Grant made to 
him for writing his History, x. 187. 
Which is in the possession of the 
Historical Society, i. 2. Character of 
his History, vii. 263. His description 
of the Congregational church, x. 4. 
Publishes his Narrative of Indian 
Wars. ix. 87. See also v. 206. vi. 
264. ix. 29. 

Lubbardston, Action at. ii. 124. 

[uddy, Joshua, ii. 226. 

[udson, Capt. ii. 186. 
udson and Goodwin, printers, vi. 76. 
udson's Point, iii. 243. 
udsori's River, ii. 70. ix. 112. 
ugar, Gen. ii. 207. 208. 
ugar, Major, ii. 168. 
ughes, Sir Richard, iii. 102. 
uit, Ephraim. v. 168. 

ull, , minister in Boston, iii. 259. 

ull, , of Dorchester, ix. 150. 

ull, , minister at the Isles of 

Shoals, vii. 254. 

ull, John. v. 217. 

ulton, Henry, ii. 43. 

umane Society instituted, iii. 274. 

Humane Society's huts, situation of. 
iii. 197. 298. viii. 110. 

Humphrey, James, ix. 189. 

Humphrey, John. ix. 2. 

Humphreys, Daniel, x. 61. 

Humphries, John. vi. 251. 25G. 

Hunt, Asa. iii. 151. 

Hunt, John, minister, iii. 258. Au- 
thor, iii. 301. 

Hunt, Samuel, iv. 235. 

Hunt, Thomas, kidnaps Indians, viii. 
160. 227. 228. 238. 

Hunting, the employment of men among 
the Indians, i. 131. 149. ix. 101. 
Ways of. iii. 233. 

Huntington, Jabez. vii. 238. 

Huntington, John. vi. 275. 

Huntington, Nathaniel, v. 170. 

Huntington, Samuel, ii. 175. 

Hurd, Bishop, ii. 157. 

Hurons, Indians, vii. 190. x. 122. 

Husk, , postmaster, vi. 67. 

•Hussey, , counsellor in New-Hamp- 
shire, vi. 93. 

Hutchin's map, Errour of, pointed out. 
iii. 26. 

Hutchinson, Anne, commences religious 
teacher : she is tried and condemned, 
vii. 16. viii. 6. ix. 22. 26. Her 
opinions make no progress in Salem. 
vi. 252. 

Hutchinson, Capt. i. 259. 

Hutchinson, Elisha. v- 231. 235. 247. 

Hutchinson, Thomas, Commissioner to 
treat with the eastern Indians, ix. 
221. One of the Congress at Albany. 
vii. 76. 203. Friend to the order of 
the New- England churches, x. 20. 
Publishes his history, i. 3. His house 
destroyed, i. 3. Gov. of Massachu- 
setts, ii. 44. 45. iii. 195. Orders 
election of counsellors to be held at 
Cambridge, ii. 44. vii. 35. Delivers 
Castle William to Col. Dalrymple. ii. 
45. Receives his salary from the 
crown, ii. 45. Departs for England, 
ii. 46. Author, iii. 301. See also iv. 
202. vi. 130. vii. 262, viii. 101. ix. 
47. x. 6. 

Hyanis Road. iii. 13. 15. 

Hysterick Fits common in the county of 
Barnstable, viii. 159. 


Ice Islands, how formed, ix. 54. 
Ichneumon Fly, which preys on the 

eggs of the slug-worm. v. 290. 
Idleness, Indians addicted to. i. 123. 

136. 149. 178. iv. 71. 73. 269. v. 19. 

27. 28. 42. vii. 237. ix. 76. 215. 228. 

x. 23. 
Independence of the British American 

colonies naturally to be expected, i. 

Independence of the United States de- 

VOL. x. 



General Index. 

clared by Congress, ii. 68. iii. 244. 
vi. 164. Necessity of, shown, ii. 69. 
Declared in Boston, ii. 70. 

Indian-Brook, viii. 155. 

Indian-Corn. iii. 208. 221. viii. 210. 
247. Great increase of. i. 118. Time 
of sowing, viii. 274. Mode of culti- 
vation, viii. 190. 

Indian Grammar published by Eliot. 
viii. 12. 

Indian-Neck in Truro, viii. 211. 

Indian-Neck in Welifieet. iv. 41. 

Indian-Rock in Franklin, x. 141. 

Indian-Town in Yarmouth, v. 55. 

Indian traders, General character of. vii. 

Indians are good marksmen, vii. 182. 
Are generally straight limbed, i. 131. 
vii. 182. viii. 231. ix. 217. Asa 
mark of honour give names, vii. 194. 
Their mode of approving a speech 
made to them. vii. 185. 

Indians, estimate of the numbers em- 
ployed by the British during the 
Revolutionary war. x. 123. 

Indians, about Concord, agree on sev- 
eral orders for their civil and religious 
government, viii. 16. x. 14. 

Indians, at a treaty with Sir William 
Johnson, 1764. x. 121. 

Indians of Long-Island, their marriages. 
x. 106. Way of naming their children. 
x. 108. Gods. x. 108. Powaws. 
x. 109. Burial of the dead. x. 109. 
Will not mention the name of the 
dead. x. 110. Notions of a future 
state, x. 110. 

Indians of Martha's Vineyard, Fabulous 
traditions and customs of. i. 139. 
Converted to Christianity, i. 172. 201. 
Their numbers at different periods, i. 
205. 206 , Intermarry with negroes, 
i. 206. 

Indians of Massachusetts, Act of govern- 
ment for the civilization of. i. 177. 
viii. 15. x. 13. Account of their 
plantations, 1698. x. 129. Numbers 
at different periods, i. 195. Numbers 
from Massachusetts to CansO, 1690, 
and 1726. ix. 234. 

Indians of New-England, Gookin's his- 
torical collections of. i. 141. 

Indians of New-England, Williams' key 
into the language of. iii. 203. v. 80. 

Indians of New-England described, i. 

122. 123. 131. Conjectures of their 
original, i. 144. iii. 205. The colour 
of their skins, their shape, and hair. i. 

123. 131. 135. 144. viii. 227. Account 
of the principal nations, i. 147. A 
mortal disease among them. i. 122. 
148. 246. iii. 148. viii. 160. 226. 234. 
Their language, i. 149. iii. 203. v. 
80. viii. 33. 260. ix. 90. x. 137. [See 
language.] Customs and manners, i. 

123. 131. 149. 166. 223. iii. 207. In- 
dulgent to their children, i. 149. 182. 
219. iii. 211. Methods of managing 
them in infancy, iii. 216. Modes of 
punishing their children and servants, 
iii. 159. Their women described, i. 
135. Who cultivate the ground, i, 

135. 149. iii. 208. 212. 221. And 
perform most of the labour, i. 123. 
iii. 212. 213. 222. 230. 231. viii. 256. 
And have great ease in child-birth, i. 
155. iii. 212. 214. 230. The women 
separated from the family during the 
menses, iii. 205. 211. Their marriages, 
iii. 230. The men not restrained to 
one wife. iii. 230. viii. 264. Give 
dowries for their wives, iii. 205. 230. 
Fornication not accounted a sin. iii. 
230. Their virgins wear their hair 
over their eyes. iii. 211. Their houses 
described, i. 123. 132. 149. 181. iii. 
211. 212. viii. 216. ix. 213. 227. 
They frequently remove their houses, 
iii. 213. They frequently sleep in 
the open air, and generally by a fire, 
iii. 209. Their tools and household 
stuff, i. 123. 151. iii. 212. 222. 231. 
viii. 216. Their baskets and mats. 
i. 123. 135. 151. iii. 209. 211. viii. 
210. 216. Their food. i. 128. 150. 
iii. 208. 220. 221. 224. viii. 228. 
233. Their drink, i. 151. iii. 208. 
viii. 234. They are addicted to 
drunkenness, i. 151. 194. iii. 1. 158. 
[See drunkenness.] They generally 
use tobacco, iii. 208. 213. 215. 217. 
viii. 228. 230. Their tobacco pipes 
described, iii. 212. Their methods 
of catching and killing birds, iii, 
120. 219. Of hunting, iii. 233. Of 
catching deer. viii. 212. Of catching 
fish. iii. 224. 225. viii. 231. Their 
canoes described, i. 152. iii. 223. 
Their clothes, i. 131. 152. iii. 225. 
226. 232. Manner of wearing their 
hair. iii. 213. viii. 227. They paint 
their faces, i. 135. 153. iii. 212. 
236. viii. 228. 230. And anoint, or 
grease themselves, i. 153. iii. 205. 
viii. 230. Their money, i. 152. iii. 
225. 231. viii. 192. Their trade, iii, 
232. They buy and sell land. iii. 220. 
They are addicted to idleness, i. 123. 

136. 149. 178. And to begging pres- 
ents, iii. 232. 235. Their games 
and sports, iii. 217. 227. 228. 234. 
They are addicted to gaming, i. 153. 
iii. 234. viii. 236. 254. To dancing, 
i. 140. 153. iii. 235. viii. 227. Their 
salutations, iii. 207. Complimentary 
expressions, iii. 213. 215. 237. Ora- 
tory, iii. 215. 235. They attend in 
silence to any one who speaks, iii. 
215. The names by which they are 
called, iii. 204. 205. Obscure and 

General Index 


mean Indians have no names, iii. 
208. Their manner of keeping time, 
iii. 211. 216. 217. They divide the 
year into thirteen months, iii. 216. 
Modes of travelling, iii. 216. 217. 
They are hospitable to strangers, i. 

153. iii. 158. 208. 209. There are no 
paupers among them. iii. 211. Their 
methods of fighting, iii. 235. Their 
weapons, i. 123. 152. viii. 219. They 
are excellent marksmen, iii. 219. 

j They generally attempt to surprise an 
enemy, x. 138. Are skilful in cut- 
ting off the heads of their enemies, 
iii. 214. They torment their prison- 
ers, iii. 84. Hang up the heads and 
hands of their enemies as trophies, 
iii. 214. Their mode of conveying 
intelligence in time of war. iii. 215. 
They delight in hearing and telling 
news. iii. 214. Their government. 
i. 122. 132. 154. iii. 228. 229. Meth- 
ods of obtaining justice and punish- 
ing crimes, iii. 211. 217. 230. A 
brother pays the debt of a brother 
deceased, and expiates his crimes, 
iii. 211. Mode of putting criminals 
to death, viii. 244. Adultery, mur- 
der, and robbery not common among 
them. iii. 217. 230. Mode of pun- 
ishing adultery in women, ix. 83. 
Their religion, i. 123. 136. 154. iii. 
205. 206. 209. 213. 216. 217. 223. 226. 
229. viii. 264. Their powows. i. 133. 

154. iii. 227. 237- Their diseases. 
iii. 214. 237. Methods of curing dis- 
eases and medicines, iii. 214. 228. 
236. 237. viii. 260. Their hot house 
described, iii. 236. Their manner of 
burying the dead. iii. 238. Their 
graves, viii. 215. 218. They black 
their faces for mourning, iii. 237. 
And make great lamentations for the 
dead. iii. 212. 237. It is esteemed a 
crime among them to name the name 
of the dead. iii. 159. 208. 237. The 
English sell them muskets and am- 
munition, iii. 61. 62. 63. 64. 82. At 
war with the English, i. 228. iii. 178. 
[See Pequots, Philip.] At war with 
the Maquas. i. 162. Defeated by 
them. i. 167. They conclude peace 
with them. i. 167. Attempts made 
to convert them. iii. 206. Progress 
of the gospel among them. i. 168 — 
210. Proposals for civilizing and 
converting them. i. 219. [See Pray- 
ing Indians] Account of their 
churches, 1673. x. 124. Their num- 
bers at different periods, i. 195. 201. 
205. 207. 209. 210. 211. 

adians of North- America are decreas- 
ing, iv. 99. 101. 107. v. 34. viii. 175. 
ix. 205. 211. 

ndians of Rhode - Island are the 

most wretched of savages, i. 210. 
x. 20. 

Indians near Lake Superior, iii. 24. 

Indians in Surrinam. i. 05. 

Ingraham, Joseph, ii. 20. iv. 238. 

Ingraham's Island, ii. 20. iv. 241. 

Ingram, Col. ii. 230. 

Lines, Col. vii. 92. 

Inoculation for the small-pox first prac- 
tised in Boston, iii. 291. iv. 213. ix. 
276. 278. 

Insects in Demarary. vi. 1. In Maine, 
iv. 148. In Massachusetts, i. 122. 
In New- York. i. 286. In Virginia, 
iii. 86. 

Invalids, Corps of, formed by Congress. 
ii. 105. 

Ipswich settled, vi. 233. Church gath- 
ered, vii. 15. 

Irish-town in Halifax, x. 79. 

Iron not known to the Indians of North- 
America, ix. 214. 

•Iron Forge, the first in America built, 
iii. 170. 

Iron Ore, how produced by nature, iii. 

Iron Ore early discovered in New-Eng- 
land, i. 248. 

Iron Ore in Massachusetts, i. 273. iii. 
2. 139. 168. 172. 175. ix. 254. In 
New-Jersey, ix. 257. In Nova-Sco- 
tia, iii, 98. 

Iron Ware, Number of tons of, manu- 
factured in Plymouth county, ix. 263. 

Iroquois Indians, vi. 132. 133. ix, 92. 

Iroquois River, vi- 134. vii. 131. 

Irvine, Gen. ii. 130. 

Irwing, Paul-Emilius. vi. 54. 

Isinglass in Massachusetts, iv. 234. 

Island-Creek-Pond. ii. 6. 

Israelites, Indians in North- America, 
supposed to be the descendants of. i. 
144. 146. 

Iyanough, Sachem of Cumaquid, his 
hospitality, viii. 237. 251. Acknowl- 
edges himself the subject of the King 
of England, viii. 161. Solicited to 
join the Indians against the English, 
viii. 256. Death, viii. 162. 273. 


Jacob, Indian of Nonantum. v. 264. ix. 

Jackson, Daniel, x. 57. 
Jackson, Ephraim. v. 273. 
Jackson, John. v. 273. 
James 1st. King. iii. 194. Enemy to 

the Puritans, vii. 267. 
James, Duke of York, obtains a grant of 

large tracts of lands in America, vi. 

187. King of England, iii. 194. 
James, , minister of Charlestown. 

ix. 19. Sent to Virginia, ix. 46. 
James, Black, Indian, i. 190. ix. 199. 
James' Head. viii. 143. 145. 


General Index. 

James River, iii. 85. 86. 90. 

Jamestown settled, v. 217. 

Janes, Elder, ii. 30. 

Japhet, Indian minister, x. 131. 

Jay, John, President of Congress, sent 

Plenipotentiary to Madrid, ii. 175. 

Negotiates treaty of peace, ii. 234. 

His address delivered at the close of 

the war. ii. 245. F. H. S. v. 292. 

Gov. of New- York. vi. 146. 
Jediuk, or Gediack tribe, x. 116. 
Jefferds, Samuel, iii. 139. 
Jefferies' Bank. iv. 42. 
Jefferson, Thomas, ii. 89. Gov. of Vir- 
ginia, ii. 197. 
Jefferson, village in Catskill. ix. 115. 
Jeneckaws, or Senecas, Numbers of. x. 

Jenckes, Joseph, vi. 145. 
Jenkinson, Sir Anthony, ix. 54. 
Jenks, William, v. 268. ix. 97. 
Jennings, Edmund, v. 145. 158. 
Jennings, Edward, vii. 171. 
Jennison, William, vi. 274. 
Jeoffryes, Lawrence, Indian, viii. 173. 

x. 133. 
Jeremiah's Gutter, viii. 155. 156. 
Jeremysquam-Bay. i. 252. 
Jeremysquam-Island. i. 253. vii. 165. 
Jerningham, Capt. i. 206. 
Jersey-Island, French make a descent 

on. ii. 172. 
Jesuits, Law passed in Massachusetts 

against, vi. 257. 
Jewett, Stephen, ix. 145. 
Jocelyn, Indian preacher, x. 134. 
John, Indian preacher, x. 136. 
John, Sagamore in Massachusetts, viii. 

John's Gospel translated into the Mo- 
hawk language, x. 154. 
John's, Saint, Island, iii. 96. 
John's, Saint, in New-Brunswick, iii. 

97. Described, iii. 99. 
John's, Saint, River and Falls, iii. 99. 

John's, Saint, in Nova- Scotia, Cascade 

at. iii. 99. 

Johnson, , of Dorchester, ix. 150. 

Johnson, , minister of Woburn. vii. 

Johnson, Arbella, Lady. viii. 40. ix. 

Johnson, Capt. vi. 90. 
Johnson, Col. ii. 170. 
Johnson, Isaac, iii. 72. 75. ix. 10. 16. 

Founder of Boston, iii. 242. 259. 

Death, iii. 76. Character, viii. 40. 

ix. 19. 
Johnson, Sir John, besieges Fort Stan- 

wix. ii. 108. Defeated by Gen. Van 

Ransalaer. ii. 197. 
Johnson, William, x. 192. 
Johnson, Sir William, v. 121. x. 146. 

147. 148. His house described, iv. 58. 

Builds two forts, vi. 40. Has an 

interview with the Six Nations at 
Onondago. vii. 76. One of the con- 
gress at Albany, vii. 76. 203. Ap- 
pointed to the command of an expe- 
dition against Crown-Point, vii. 
Marches with the provincial troops, 
vii. 90. Holds a congress with Indian 
sachems at Mount Johnson, vii. 97. 
Defeats Baron Dieskau. vii. 104 — 
115. Set up as the competitor of 
Shirley, vii. 138. Created a baronet, 
vii. 145. Makes a peace with Indian 
nations at Niagara, x. 122. See also 
vii. 148. 153. 156. 

Johnson, William -Samuel, vii. 238. 

Johnstone, Gov. George, vi. 177. Brit- 
ish Commissioner, arrives in America, 
ii. 139. Attempts to bribe Major 
Read. ii. 146. Returns to England, 
ii. 151. 

Johnstone, Richard, v. 145. 

Jonah, Indian, iv. 53. 

Joncaire, French emissary among the 
Senecas. vii. 123. 

Jones, , printer, vi. 77. 

Jones, Capt. who brought the first 
planters to Plymouth, vii. 207. 212. 
Sails to Pamet river, viii. 213. Ar- 
rives a second time at Plymouth, 
viii. 248. 

Jones, Ebenezer. iii. 151. 

Jones, Ichabod. iii. 145. 

Jones, Israel, viii. 49. 

Jones, John-Paul. ii. 183. 

Jones, Ralph, Indian, x. 133. 

Jones, Thomas, of Guilford, x. 96. 

Jones, Thomas, minister of Woburn. ix. 

Jones, Sir William, v. 292. 

Jones' River, viii. 220. 

Jones-River-Pond. ix. 255. 

Jonquiere, M. de. vi. 132. 

Jordan, Thomas, x. 96. 

Jose, Ebenezer. x. 60. 

Josiah, Sachem at Chappaquiddick. x. 

Josiah, Charles, Sachem, ix. 161. 

Juan Fernandez Island, iv. 247. 


Kackapoes, Indians, x. 123. 
Kahnonwolohale, village of the Oneidas. 

v. 13. 
Kalb, Baron de. ii. 192. 
Kamschatka. ix. 93. 
Kashpugowitk tribe, x. 116. 
Katamet, on Buzzard's Bay. i. 199. 
Keais, Deacon, x. 53. 
Kehtehticut. x, 134. See Titticut. 
Kelley, Hattil. viii. 136. 
Kelley's Pond. viii. 129. 
Kellogg, Joseph, iv. 57. x. 151. 
Kellogg, Martin, iv. 57. x. 143. 
Kellogg, Rebecca, iv. 57. 

General Index. 


ennebacasius River, iii. 101. 
[ennebeck Indians at war with the Ma- 
quas. i. 162. Many remove into Can- 
ada, x. 115. 

ennebeck River, i. 251. iii. 141. vii. 
164. Western boundary of the Duke 
of York's territory, iii. 95. 
lennebunk, a parish in Wells, iii. 139. 
River, iii. 138. New harbour pro- 
jected at. iii. 140. 
enny, Penelope, x. 55. 
ensie's Point, iii. 103. 
ent, Benjamin, iv. 47. 
.ent, Number of Indians in., x. 112. 
ieppel, Admiral, ii. 141. 
.etah, James, Indian, x. 133. 
.ettehiquut, or Titicut. i. 200. iii. 150. 
^ey into the language of the Indians of 
New- England, iii. 203. v. 80. 
lilby, Thomas, iii. 300. 
lilham, Daniel, v. 291. 
Iii ling worth settled, x. 93. 
allistinoes, Indians, ix. 92. 
.imball, Capt. ix. 144. 
ine-pox introduced into America, vii. 

ling, Capt. ix. 244. 
"ng, Robert, vii. 175. 
ng-Bird, or Sachem, iii. 220. 
ng-Crab. viii. 189. 
jug's Hill. v. 170. 
ing's Mountain, Battle of. ii. 198. 
fingsnoth, Henry, x. 96. 
Ingston, Major, ii. 122. Lieut. Col. 
ii. 125. 

Kingston, in Massachusetts, incorpora- 
ted, iv. 130. 
Kingston, on North-river, burnt, ii. 122. 
lippis, Andrew, iv. 81. v. 5. 
lirkland, Dr. vii. 155. 
[irkland, John-Thornton, minister, iii. 
261. P. H. S. v. 291. 
arkland, Samuel, missionary among 
the Oneida Indians, i. 287. iv. 70. 
v. 12. ix. 76. 89. 
irk wood, Capt. ii. 219. 
Lirtland, Samuel, x. 123. See Kirk- 

atchel, Robert, iv. 182. x. 96. 
itchmakin, or Cutshemoquin, Sachem. 
ix. 159. 

Itteaumut, orMoniment Ponds, i. 199. 
231. x. 133. 

ittery. i. 103. The Selectmen of, pre- 
sented by Grand Jury, for neglecting 
Education, i. 104. 
jieeland, Samuel, v. 209. vi. 67. 
iniphausen, Gen. establishes his post 
at King's Bridge, ii. 81. Wounded, 
ii. 121. Commands the foreign troops. 
ii. 231. Commands in New -York, 
and ravages part of New-Jersey, ii. 

Inox, Capt. ii. 171. 
£nox, Henry, commended by Gen. 

Washington, ii. 145. Made a Major 
General, ii. 225. See also ii. 237. 

Knox's Island, ii. 22. 

Knowles, Capt. ii. 186. 

Knowles, , minister of Water- 
town, ix. 46. 

Kockopotanauh, Sachem, x. 105. 

Kollock, Lemuel, v. 292. 

Konkapot, John, Indian, ix. 97. 

L, The letter, could not be pronounced 
by many of the Indians of New-Eng- 
land, iii. 223. viii. 260. ix. 99. 

Labials used in the languages of the In- 
dians of New-England, but not in the 
language of the Six Nations, ix. 93. 

Labrador, Account of the coast of. i. 

Lake, Bishop, x. 11. 

Lake, Capt. i. 253. 

Lamb, Joshua, v. 236. 

Lancaster in Pennsylvania described, vii. 

Land, Indian method of clearing, ix. 
101. Indians' property in. ix. 213. 

Lands in America, Inquiry into the 
right of the Indians to. iv. 159. v. 9. 

Langdale, . ii. 124. 

Langdon, Mark. x. 57. 

Langdon, Samuel, minister in Ports- 
mouth and Hampton-Palls, x. 51. 
69. President of Harvard College, 
vii. 27. His children, x. 69. 

Langdon, Tobias, x. 53. 

Langford, Anthony, x. 61. 

Language of the Indians of New-Eng- 
land, Vocabulary of. - iii. 203. v. 80. 
Specimens of. viii. 33. ix. 96. 98. 
x. 137. Abounds with gutturals, ix. 
99. x. 9. Consists of different dia- 
lects, iii. 204. 223. ix. 92. Supposed 
to bear some resemblance to the He- 
brew, iii. 205. And to the Greek, 
iii. 205. 206. The names of numbers, 
iii. 210. The formation of the mascu- 
line and feminine genders, and of the 
singular and plural numbers, iii. 210. 
222. Ablative case absolute much 
used. iii. 215. 

Languages of the Micmacs, Mountain- 
eers, and, Specimens of. vi. 

Lankton, Samuel, iii. 10. 

Laron, Indian, vi. 115. 

Lathrop, Capt. vi. 206. 234. 266. 

Lathrop, John. iii. 258. 261. viii. 2S2. 
ix. 88. 

Lathrop, John, of Barnstable, iii. 15. 
See Lothrop. 

Lashaway River, i. 269. 

Lassell, Antoine. x. 123. 

La Tour, Gov. iii. 145. 

Laubaugh, , minister in Catskill. 

ix. 120. 


General Index. 

Laud, Archbishop, persecutes Puritan 
ministers, vii. 39. 43. x. 172. Ob- 
tains with eleven others a commission 
for revoking charters, iv. 119. 

Laurey, Gilbert, x. 45. 

Lauzun, Duke de. ii. 222. ix. 105. 

Lawrence, Gov. iii. 101. 102. 

Lawrence, J. Alderman, v. 207. 

Lawrence, John, Treasurer, vii. 239. 

Lawrens, Henry, ii. 107. 165. Presi- 
dent of Congress, ii. 140. Taken 
prisoner, ii. 196. Negotiates peace 
with Great-Britain, ii. 234. 

Lawrens, John, Colonel, ii. 222. Killed, 
ii. 233. 

Laws, Body of, composed in Massachu- 
setts, 1646. ix. 49. 

Laws of New-England, collected out of 
the Scriptures, v. 173. 

Lawson, , preacher at Salem village. 

vi. 266. 

Lawton, Gen. ii. 207. 

Lead ore discovered in Worcester, i. 

Leadbetter, Israel, i. 99. ix. 169. 

Learned, Gen. ii. 125. 

Leavitt, Dudley, vi. 274. 

Ledyard, Col. ii. 217. 

Lee, Arthur, iii. 110. 116. Arrives in 
France as Commissioner of the United 
States, ii. 89. See also ii. 132. 

Lee, Charles, General, arrives at Cam- 
bridge, vi. 160. Goes to Carolina, 
ii. 62. His account of the battle of 
Sullivan's Island, ii. 66. Joins the 
continental army at Haerlem. ii. 79. 
In the battle of White-Plains, ii. 82. 
Taken prisoner, ii. 85. Arrested by 
Gen. Washington, ii. 144. Tried, 
and suspended for one year. ii. 150. 
Death, ii. 150. 

Lee, Col. in the battle of Guilford court- 
house, ii. 207. Takes Fort Granby. 
ii. 212. In the battle of Eutaw- 
Springs. ii. 218. 

Lee, Col. Jeremiah, viii. 80. 

Lee, Major, ii. 171. vi. 175. 

Lee, Richard, v. 144. 159. 

Lee, Richard-Henry, ii. 107. 140. 

Lee, Thomas, vii. 181. 

Lee, Fort, taken, ii. 81. 83. 

Leeds, Daniel, ix. 189. 

Leete, Andrew, x. 99. 

Leete, John. x. 98. 

Leete, William, of Guilford, iv. 182. 
ix. 85. x. 92. 96. Gov. of Connect- 
icut, iv. 222. x. 98. 

Legardeur de St. Pierre, vii. 71. 

Leger, Saint, Col. attacks Fort Stanwix. 
ii. 112. 

Legge, Col. Gov. of Nova-Scotia, iii. 
102. Prohibits the exportation of 
arms and ammunition, ii. 48. 

Legge's Hill. vi. 213. 217. 

Leister, , of New- York. iii. 127. 

Le Mercier, Andrew, minister, iii. 264 • 
Author, iii. 301. 

Leonard, James and Henry, build a 
forge at Raynham, the first in Amer- 
ica, iii. 170. Genealogical sketch of 
the family, iii. 173. 

Leonard, Joshua, v. 170. 

Leonard, Nathaniel, iv. 131. 132. 

Leslie, Capt. ii. 90. 

Leslie, Lieut, ii. 85. 

Leslie, Gen. ii. 90. Commands in 
Georgia, ii. 182. Takes possession of 
Charleston, ii. 185. Invades Vir- 
ginia, ii. 197. Proposes to Gen. 
Greene a cessation of arms. ii. 230. 
Orders troops to ravage Combakee 
river, ii. 233. Evacuates South- Car- 
olina, ii. 234. 

Lettsom, Dr. v. 292. 

Leverett, Elder, ix. 42. 

Leverett, John, Gov. of Massachusetts. 
iii. 194. vi. 263. ix. 194. x. 42. Pop- 
ular magistrate, iv. 217. Death, vi. 

Leverett, John, President of Harvard 
College, iv. 15. vii. 27. Enemy to 
Cotton Mather, iii. 138. Death, ix. 

Lewis, Isaiah, iii. 118. 

Lewis, Stephen- C. iii. 261. 

Lewis, Thomas, vi. 67. 

Lewis, William, vii. 10. 

Lewis's Bay. i. 230. iii. 13. 17. Num- 
ber of vessels at. viii. 141. 

Lexington incorporated, vii. 28. 32. 
Battle of. i. 107. ii. 48. 52. vi. 157. ■' 

Ley den, Thirty- five persons come to 
Plymouth from. iii. 66. Their char- 
acter, iii. 69. 

Libbey, Jeremiah, x. 62. 

Liberty of conscience established in 
Rhode-Island, i. 281. viii. 4. x. 21, 

Lightfoot, John. v. 145. 

Light- House Island, iii. 297. 299. 

Limestone in Holliston. iii. 18. In 
New-York. ix. 112. In Nova-Scotia, 
iii. 98. In Pennsylvania, vii. 178. 
In Smithfield. iii. 18. In Thomas- 
town, iv. 23. 

Lincoln, Benjamin, General, drives the 
Renown man of war from Boston har- 
bour, ii. 65. His action with the 
British at Bound-brook, ii. 94. Com- 
mands a division of the northern army, 
ii. 116. vi. 170. In the battle of 
Behmus's heights, ii. 25. Wounded 
in the battle of Stillwater, ii. 122. 
Commands in Carolina, ii. 163. Ad- 
vances on the rear of Gen. PrevOst. 
ii. 166. Compels him to retire to 
Savannah, ii. 168. vi. 174. Repulsed 
in an attack upon Savannah, ii. 179. 
vi. 184. Surrenders Charleston. ii. 
184. At the siege of York-town. ix. 
105. Receives the surrender of Corn- 




General Index. 


iwallis's army. ii. 222. F. H. S. v. 
291. Anecdote of. viii. 98. 
incoln County incorporated, vii. 168. 
pcoln Town incorporated, i. 237. 
pcoln's Island, ii. 21. 
pn erroneously supposed by the first 
planters to exist in New-England, i. 
ttl9. viii. 224. 
ppincut, Capt. ii. 227. 
jttle, Daniel, preaches in Portsmouth. 
k. 55. Minister in Wells, hi. 139. 
jttle, Ephraim. iv. 129. 130. 
£tle, Woodbridge. viii. 49. 
jttle- Cambridge church, vii. 36. 
ttle-Beach. viii. 145. 
ftle-Compton, Indian name of. i. 200. 
jlndian plantations in. x. 129. An- 
nexed to Rhode-Island, i. 211. See 

Ltle-River, in Exeter, iy. 90. 
ttle-River, in Topsham, iii. 142. 
ptle-River, in Windsor, v. 167. 
htleton, Indian name of. i. 188. Re- 
markable pond in. i. 188. 
jturgy of the English Church trans- 
lated into the Mohawk language, x. 

yermore, Jonathan, x. 86. 
vermore, Matthew, x. 56. 
Jvermore, Samuel, x. 59. 71. 
jverpool, in Nova-Scotia, iii. 96. x. 
Bl. River, iii. 97. 

Kingston, Col. commands Eort Mont- 
gomery, ii. 118. In the battle of 
JRhode-Island. ii. 149. 
Ungston, Gov. ii. 162. vii. 67. His 
pomplaints of the British army. ii. 93. 
Kingston, Major, ix. 81. 
pard in Demerary. vi. 2. 
Ian Offices established by Congress. 
Ii. 79. 

jcke, Jonathan, x. 57. 
fcke, Samuel, vii. 27. 
indon, Plague in, 1625. iii. 38. 
jndoners- Island, vii. 243. 
mgevity, Instances of, in Massachu- 
setts, i. 99. 202. 273. ii. 6. iii. 2. 9. 
419. 169. 174. iv. 234. v. 255. 268. 
<vi. 241. 264. 288. vii. 62. viii. 66. 195. 
E77. ix. 132. x. 33. 141. In New- 
Hampshire, iv. 92. See mortality, 
bills of. 

jngfellow, Stephen, iv. 27. 30. 
ing-Island, Boston harbour, iii. 297. 
Ing-Island, New -York, granted to 
j:he Duke of York. vi. 187. De- 
scribed, ii. 73. Battle of. ii. 74. vi. 
fa. 65. American army retreats from. 
i, 74. 

ing-Island Indians subject to the Pe- 
quots. i. 147. To the Narragansets. 
L 147. Not disposed to embrace 
iChristianity. i. 208. See Indians of 
jLong- Island. 
;|ngley, Eli. ix. 143. 144. 

Long-Point, Provincetown. iv. 42. viii. 

197. 206. 
Long-Point, Salem, vi. 217. 
Long- Pond, Bridgton. iii. 239. Curious 

stones in. iii. 240. 
Long-Pond, Compton. ix. 199. 
Long-Pond, Eastham. viii. 156. 
Long-Pond, Shrewsbury, i. 113. 
Long- Sands, iii. 7. 
Long-Swamp, vi. 214. 
Longuieul, Baron of. vi. 53. 
Lord, Joseph, minister of Chatham, v. 

206. viii. 154. 
Lord, Joseph, minister in Carolina, ix. 

156. 177. 
Lord, Richard, vii. 10. 
Lord's Hill. vi. 214. 
Lord's prayer in Indian language, vii. 

24. viii. 33. 
Loring, Israel, x. 85. 87. 89. 
Loring, John. x. 87. 
Loring, Jonathan, x. 87. 
Lothrop, Barnabas, x. 70. 
Lothrop, Isaac, v. 291. 
Lothrop, John, minister of Scituate. iv. 

111. Of Barnstable, iii. 15. x. 70. 
Louden, John. iv. 236. 
Loudon, Earl of. vii. 125. General of 

British troops in America, vii. 145. 

Arrives, vii. 157. vi. 36. Successor 

of Gen. Shirley, vii. 161. 
Louisbourg surrendered to Pepperell 

and Warren, i. 46. 48. Courage of 

the New-England troops engaged in 

the expedition against, vindicated, i. 

110. Number of inhabitants, 1764. 

x. 82. 
Louisiana, vi. 134. 
Lovelace, Col. vi. 83. 
Lovell, Capt. ix. 150. 
Lovell, James, ix. 183. 
Lovell, John, schoolmaster, vi. (10.) 

viii. 86. 279. Author, iii. 353. 301. 
Lovell's Island, iii. 297. 
Low, Pirate, vii. 252. 
Lowth, Bishop, ii. 157. 
Ludlow, Capt. v. 170. 
Ludlow, Roger, one of the first settlers 

of Dorchester, ix. 18. 150. 154. Dep- 
uty Gov. of Massachusetts, iii. 298. 

One of the first settlers of Windsor. 

v. 168. 
Lumber trade unprofitable, iii. 147. 
Lunenburg, village in Catskill. ^ ix. 115. 
Lunenburg, in Nova-Scotia, iii. 96. x. 

80. 81. 
Lunt, Daniel, x. 53. 
Lutwidge, Capt. ii. 106. 
Lydius, Col. vii. 97. x. 86. 146. 
Lyford, John, arrives at Plymouth, vii. 

273. An enemy to the leading men. 

vii. 273. 275. 278. Banished, iv. 109. 
Lyman, Isaac, iii. 10. 
Lyman, Major- Gen. vi. 36. vii. 95. 

Builds Eort Edward, vii. 104. Urges 


General Index. 

Gen. Johnson to pursue Dieskau's 
army. vii. 108. 

Lyme, Number of Indians in. x. 103. 

Lynch, Col. ii. 207. _ 

Lynchburg in Virginia, iii. 86. 

Lynde, Benjamin, vi. 241. 

Lynde, Simon, y. 235. 239. 

Lyndon, Josias. vi. 145. 

Lynn settled, viii. 39. Church gath- 
ered, vii. 15. 

Lyon, George, ix. 194. 

Lyon, James, iii. 145. 

Lyon, Richard, vii. 27. 

Lyttleton, Lord. ii. 104. 

Maanexit, Indian town. i. 190. vi. 205. 
Mably, Abbe. iv. 158. 
Mac Arthur, Major, ii. 219. 
Mac Call, Col. ii. 204. 
Maccarty, , minister of Kingston. 

iv. 130. 
Maccarty, Thaddeus. i. 116. 
Macclintock, Samuel, x. 51. 
Mac Clure, David, minister, v. 169. x. 

52. F. H. S. v. 292. 
Mac Cobb, James, i. 253. 255. 
Mac Crea, Miss. ii. 111. 
Mac Dougall, Gen. defends Peck's-kill. 

ii. 94. In the battle of Germantown. 

ii. 119. Passes the Delaware, ii. 129. 
Member of Congress, ii. 193. 
Mac Dowal, Major, ii. 204. 
Mac Dowel, Col. ii. 198. 
Mac Fadden, George, iv. 29. 
Macgilcrist, William, vi. 274. 
Mac Ginnes, Capt. vii. 108. 
Machias, Description of. iii. 144. River. 

iii. 145. 
Mackay, Benjamin, x. 60. 
Mack ay, Col. ii. 44. 
Mac Kean, Joseph, ix. 158. 
Mackerel Cove. vi. 282. 
Mac Kinstry, John. v. 170. 
Mackintosh, Col. ii. 167. 
Maclean, Gen. ii. 171. vi. 175. 
Mac Pherson, John. ii. 59. 
Mac Pherson, Major, ii. 213. 
Macpori of Demerary. vi. 3. 
Mac Quain, David, ix. 137. 
Madakit, or Matacut, harbour, iii. 156. 
Madambetticks Mountain, iv. 21. 
Madame, Isle. iii. 99. 
Madamkiswick River, iii. 100. 
Madison, village in Catskill. ix. 115. 
Madochewando, Indian chief, iii. 139. 
Magaw, Col. ii. 83. 
Magee, Bernard, iv. 244. 247. 
Magee, James, iv. 261. 
Magegadavick River, iii. 100. 
Magnalia, Mather's, Character of. vii. 

Magunkaquog, Indian town. i. 188. 
Mahmansuck Pond. ix. 80. 
Mahomet, Indian, iv. 167. 

Mahone-Bay, iii. 96. 

Maine, Extracts from the records of. 
i. 101. Inhabitants of, combine into 
a body politick, i. 103. Number of 
Indians in. i. 211. Number of towns 
in 1716. i. 251. Two conventions 
meet, to consider the expediency of 
forming it into a separate govern- 
ment, iv. 25. Eastern counties of, 
described, iv. 142. Religious state 
of these counties, iv. 153. 

Maisterson, Richard, iii. 44. Deacon ia 
Plymouth, vii. 272. Character, iv. 

Maitland, Lieut. Col. attacked by the 
Americans at Stono. ii. 168. Joins 
Gen. Prevost. ii. 179. 

Maize cultivated by the Indians, i. 150. 
iii. 221. viii. 210. ix. 99. 100. 213. 

Maizium, Indian bread, viii. 233. 

Malaga Island, vii. 243. 

Malcom, , minister, viii. 77. 

Maiden church fined, x. 24. 

Malebarre, Cape, described, viii. 117. 

Mallegash in Nova- Scotia, x. 80. 

Mameeag in New-London, x. 101. 

Manach, French priest, x. 115. 

Manasseh, Indian preacher, viii. 173. 
x. 133. 

Manchage, Indian town. i. 189. 

Manchester, Duke of, supports Earl of 
Chatham's motion for an accommoda- 
tion with America, ii. 103. Protests 
against the manifesto of the British 
Commissioners, ii. 157. 

Manchester, in Massachusetts, incorpo- 
rated, vi. 233. 

Manchester, in Nova- Scotia, iii. 96. 

Mandrake in New-York. ix. 122. 

Mangrove, vi. 10. 

Manhatton, afterwards New- York. iv. 

Manhumsqueeg, the Whetstone coun- 
try, ix. 80. 

Manly, Capt. ii. 60. 

Mann, Thomas, x. 141. 

Mannamit. i. 198. River, i. 231. 

Mannamoyk Indians, i. 148. See Mon- 

Manning, President, iii. 164. 

Manomet, or Mannamit, Indian town. 

)Ia r ; 







viii. 252. The sachem of joins in the , 
conspiracy against the English of Ply- , 
mouth, viii. 255. 262. |,J 

Manomet River, viii. 122. 253. 

Mansfield, Earl of. ii. 104. 

Mansfield, Isaac, minister, iv. 88. Es- 
quire, viii. 58. 78. 

Maquas, Account of. i. 156. Their 
situation, i. 156. 160. Oppress the 
Indians of Canada, i. 157. 161. De- 
feated by the French of Canada, i. 
161. Their manner of making war. 
i. 162. 164. Five Maquas come to 

General Index. 


j Cambridge, i. 164. vii. 29. Defeat 

the New-England Indians, i. 167. 

Conclude peace with them. i. 167. 

Their character, i. 167. At war 

•with the Indians of New-England. 

iii. 180. Are cannibals, iii. 209. 213. 

See Mohawks, 
liaquoit bay. iii. 141. 
llarblehead, Topographical and histor- 
I ical account of. viii, 54. Origin of 
I the name. i. 118. Separated from 

Salem, vi. 233. Church formed in. 
I vi. 264. Merchants first send fish to 

foreign markets, viii. 56. 
llarblehead rock. vi. 222. 
karchant, Judge, vi. 75. 
Ilargaret's bay. iii. 96. 97. 
ilargaret's islands discovered, iv. 261. 
] 298. 

jtlarie, French agent to Massachusetts. 
[i. 161. 

jlarine productions, Methods of preserv- 
I ing. iv. 13. 

Marine Society, in Boston, iii. 274. 
ikarine Society, in Salem, vi. 239. 
ilarion, Col. repulses Tarleton's legion 
Fat Ninety- Six. ii. 201. Gen. takes 
I Port Motte. ii. 212. In the battle of 
I Eutaw Springs, ii. 218. Action with 
I Major Eraser, ii. 233. 
Ijlarket opened in Boston, iii. 254. 
larkham, Archbishop, ii. 157. 
ffark's Gospel translated into the Mo- 
j hawk language, x. 154. 
jlarl in Canada, vi. 51. In Maine, iv. 
1145. In New- York. ix. 112. _ 
Harlborough, Description of. iv. 46. 
I Indian name of. i. 185. Number of 

I English families in, 1674. i. 220. 
■! Assaulted by the Indians, iv. 46. 
U Note on. x. 89. Association, x. 89. 
ijlarowyne river, i. 64. 

Marquesas Islands, iv. 238. 
iarrett, Daniel, ix. 145. 
Carriages among the Indians, i. 134. 
Ij 149. iii. 230. x. 106. 
ifarsh, Ebenezer- Grant, Memoir of. ix. 
I[l08. E. H. S. x. 192. 
ifarsh, Jonathan, v. 168. 
»)[arsh, Joseph, ix. 196. 
Harshall, Capt. vi. 90. 
Marshall, H. post-master, vi. 67. 
Marshall, John. x. 57. 
Marshall, John, jun. x. 57. 
Marshall, Joseph, x. 60. 
Karshe, Witham. vii. 171. 
ilarshfield incorporated, iv. 111. 
jiarshpee Indians, iv. 66. Ordination 
j[in, 1729. v. 206. See Mashpee. 
Martha's Vineyard, Indian name of. i. 
■ 148. 154. 201. viii. 262. Fabulous 

II traditions and customs of the Indians. 
1 i. 139. Indians subject to the Paw- 
I kunnawkutts. i. 148. Join the con- 
I spiracy against the English, viii* 262. 

First settled by the English, i. 202. 
Progress of the Gospel among the In- 
dians, i. 201. Indians submit to the 
English government, vi. 196. In- 
dian church gathered at. i. 203. 205. 
Names of the Indian ministers, i. 204. 
x. 131. Praying towns, i. 204. In- 
dian churches and religious assem- 
blies, iii. 185. iv. 65. x. 124. 131. 
Number of Indians at different periods, 
i. 205. 206. x. 131. Intermarry with 
negroes, i. 206. Character of the In- 
dians, i. 206. Iron ore at. ix. 257. 

Martin, Counsellor, vi. 93. 

Martin, Gov. ii. 63. 

Marty n, John. x. 85. 

Martyn, Richard, x. 43. 

Mary II. Queen, iii. 194. ix. 250. 

Maryland, Law passed in, for the sup- 
port of the clergy, vii. 174. List of 
publick offices and places of profit in. 
vii. 202. 
.Mary's river, iii. 97. 

Masassoit. viii. 161. See Massasoit. 

Mascarenc, John. iii. 301. 

Mascarenc, Paul, Counsellor in Nova- 
Scotia, vi. 121. Lieut. Gov. vi. 122. 
Concludes a treaty with the Penob- 
scot Indians, vi. 108. 

Mashne island, i. 232. 

Mashepog pond. ix. 162. 

Mashpah, or Mashpee Indians, 1698. x. 

Mashpee, Indian praying town. i. 197. 
Church gathered at. i. 204. iii. 190. 
Account of its ministers, iii. 188. 
Described, iii. 189. Town granted to 
the Indians, iii. 190.- Indian places 
in. i. 231. 232. Number of Indians 
at different periods, i. 201. 230. x. 
113. See Marshpee. 

Mashpege, or Mashpee, Indian church, 
x. 124. 

Mason, John, one of the first settlers of 
Dorchester, removes to Connecticut, 
ix. 154. Subdues the Pequots. iv. 
277. A valiant man. v. 170. Pur- 
chases the lands of the Moheagans. 
ix. 81. Surrenders them to Connect- 
icut, ix. 85. 

Mason, John-Tufton. x. 59. 

Mason Robert, v. 245. vi. 93. 

Masquabanisk meadow, i. 269. 

Massachusetts- bay, now Boston harbour, 
viii. 38. 248. Standish goes to. viii. 

Massachusetts, colony, Plantation of, pro- 
jected, viii. 37. First charter granted. 
i. 256. viii. 38. Settlement begins, 
iii. 66. vi. 231. viii. 38. State of, in 
1673. iv. 216. Second charter grant- 
ed, ix. 273. Arrived at Boston, vi. 
272. Council how chosen, i. 75. 
Number of fighting men in 1756. vii. 
139. Number of inhabitants at dif- 

VOL. X. 



General Index. 

ferent periods, iv. 198. State of the 
fishery in 1763. viii. 202. General 
Court writes a circular letter to the 
American colonies, ii. 43. Is dis- 
solved for refusing to rescind it. ii. 
43. Convention of delegates assem- 
bles at Boston, ii. 44. General Court 
petitions the king to remove Hutch- 
inson and Oliver, ii. 45. iii. 109. The 
petition dismissed by king and coun- 
cil, ii. 46. iii. 114. General Court 
held at Salem, ii. 46. Chooses del- 
egates to Congress, ii. 46. Constitu- 
tion of government altered by act of 
Parliament, ii. 46. iii. 117. Proceed- 
ings in Parliament against, iii. 116. 
Amount of warlike stores in, Ap, 1775. 
i. 232. Provincial Congress renounces 
Gen. Gage as Governour. ii. 49. New 
constitution of, completed, iii. 245. 
iv. 203. viii. 281. Insurrection in. 
iii. 152. 169. iv. 209. viii. 91. 100. 
106. 108. ix. 267. List of Gover- 
nours of. iii. 194. 

Massachusetts, Ecclesiastical history of. 
vii. 262. ix. 1. x. 1. 

Massachusetts fort taken by the French, 
vi. 135. 

Massachusetts Indians, Account of. i. 
148. A mortal disease among, i. 148. 
Trade with the English of Plymouth, 
viii. 241. 243. 250. Plot against the 
English, viii. 256. 262. Several of 
their chiefs slain, viii. 269. Their 
praying towns described, i. 180. Their 
numbers at different periods, i. 195. 
See Indians of Massachusetts. 

Massacre in Boston, ii. 44. iii. 244. 
viii. 281. 

Massafuero island, iv. 248. 

Massapee. x. 114. See Marshpee. 

Massaquockummis brook, i. 269. 

Massasoit, sachem of the Wamponoags. 
iii. 166. viii. 226. Visits Plymouth, 
viii. 228. Concludes a treaty with 
the English, viii. 230. Winslow and 
Hopkins sent to visit him. iii. 148. 
viii. 232. Submits to king James, 
viii. 161. Falsely accused by Tis- 
quantum. viii. 242. Demands Tis- 
quantum. viii. 244. His friendship 
to the English cools, viii. 247. Vis- 
ited by Winslow in his sickness, viii. 
258. Reveals the plot of the Indians 
against the English, viii. 162. 262. 
Claims the land at Providence, i. 276. 

Massey, Jeffrey, vi. 237. Memoirs of. 
vi. 282. 

Massey, John, first child born in Massa- 
chusetts, vi. 237. 282, 

Masters, John. vii. 10. 

Matacut, or Madakit, harbour, iii. 156. 

Matakees Indians, i. 148. See Matta- 

Matchapoxet pond. viii. 148. 151. 

Mather, Cotton, minister in Boston, iii. 
258. Witchcraft, vi. 266. Desired 
by condemned witches to pray with 
them. v. 68. Writes a letter in favour 
of Gov. Dudley, iii. 129. Extract 
from his private diary, iii. 137. Re- 
proves Gov. Dudley, iii. 128. First 
proposes inoculation, iii. 291. ix. 276. 
Author, iii. 300. His character, x. \ 
156. 168. Character of his Magnalia. 
vii. 262. Mr. Neal's opinion of his 
character and style, v. 200. Treated 
disrespectfully by the authors of the 
Universal History, viii. 14. His opin- 
ion of R. Williams, vii. (4.) viii. 1. 
ix. 23. x. 19. Held the doctrine of 
particular faith, ix. 9. Wore a wig. 
viii. 27. See also viii. 68. 277. ix. 6. 
33. 44. x. 26. 

Mather, Eleazar, minister of Northamp- 
ton, ix. 170. 171. 172. 192. x. 93. 
Character, ix. 181. 

Mather, Increase, born. ix. 171. Grad- 
uated, ix. 181. Minister in Boston, 
iii. 258. ix. 173. x. 26. President of 
Harvard College, vii. 27. Doctor of 
Divinity, vii. 60. Agent from Mas- 
sachusetts, ix. 273. Conversations 
with King William, ix. 245. 252. 
With Queen Mary. ix. 250. Objects 
against second charter, ix. 273. 274. 
Condemns witchcraft proceedings, v. 
71. 75. vi. 266. Reproves Gov. Dud- 
ley, iii. 126. Approves inoculation, 
ix. 276. Author, iii. 300. Charac- 
ter, vii. 53. x. 156. 167. See also 
vii. 32. ix. 155. 

Mather, Joseph, ix. 171. 

Mather, Nathaniel, born. ix. 171. Min- 
ister of Barnstable, &c. ix. 173. Char- 
acter, ix. 179. 

Mather, Richard, minister of Dorchester, 
i. 99. ix. 155. x. 26. One of the 
authors of the New-England Psalms, 
vii. 19. viii. 10. Memoirs of. ix. 170. 
Epitaph, ii. 10. x. 26. 

Mather, Samuel, minister in Boston, iii. 
258. 263. Author, iii. 301. 

Mather, Samuel, minister in Dublin, 
iii. 258. ix. 172. x. 26. Born. ix. 
171. Graduated, ix. 178. Fellow of 
Harvard College, vii. 49. Memoirs 
of. x. 27. 

Mather, Samuel, minister of Windsor, 
v. 168. ix. 182. 

Mather, Thomas, ix. 170. 

Mather, Timothy, ix. 171. 

Matignon, Francis, iii. 264. 

Matoonus, Indian, vi. 206. 

Mats of the Indians, i. 123. 151. iii. 
209. 211. viii. 216. 

Mattabeeset Indians, x. 105. 

Mattacheeset, or Mattachiest. iii. 15. 
viii. 237. English buy corn at. viii. 
251. 254. Indians join the conspiracy 

General Index. 


I against the English, viii. 256. 262. 
See Mattakees. 

Mattakees. v. 58. Indians subject to 
the Pawkunnawkuts. i. 148. Indian 

I praying town. i. 197. 

Mattakeeset, Indian name of Duxbor- 
ough. ii. 4. Number of Indians, in 
1698. x. 134. 

Mattakesset-pond. ix. 258. 

JMattaneang, Indian name of Windsor, 
ix. 152. 

Mattapan, Indian name of Dorchester. 
i. 99. iii. 74. ix. 18. 149. 

Mattapoiset. vi. 87. viii. 258. 263. 

Mattapoiset-harbour. iii. 2. 

Mattaquason, sachem of Monamoyick. 
viii. 151. 164. 169. 

Matthews, Gen. ii. 164. 

Matthews, , minister of Yarmouth. 

i v. 59. 

Mauduit, Israel, vi. 195. Character. 
ix. 268. 

Mauduit, Jasper, agent of Massachusetts, 
vi. 189. ix. 268. Of the Governours. 
iii. 110. 

Maumachegin, Indian preacher, x. 

JMaushop, or Moshup, Indian giant, or 
tutelar deity, i. 139. v. 57.. 

Maverick, John, minister of Dorchester. 
i. 98. v. 166. ix. 148. Death, ix. 
153. 170. Character, ix. 18. 

j Maverick, Samuel, first occupier of Nod- 
dle's island, iii. 299. iv. 194, viii. 42. 

! ix. 47. 

j Maverick, Samuel, Charles lid's com- 
missioner to the colonies, iv. 194. v. 
193. 218. 230. 

Mawhawks. i. 156. See Maquas, and 

jMaxfield, , minister of Block-island. 

x. 111. 

Maxwell, Gen. Action with royalists in 
New- Jersey, ii. 93. In the battle of 
Brandy wine. ii. 114. In the battle 

, of Germantown. ii. 119. In the bat- 
tle of Monmouth, ii. 141. See also 

| ii. 104. 162. 175, 176. 

Maxwell, Gov. ii. 229. 

Mayhew, John. i. 205. 

Mayhew, Jonathan, minister in Boston, 
iii. 263. Author, iii. 301. vi. 70. 
Character, x. 159. 169. 

Mayhew, Matthew, i. 205. 

Mayhew, Thomas, settles in Water- 
town, i. 202. Removes to Martha's 
Vineyard, i. 202. Obtains a grant of 
Nantucket, iii. 155. Attempts to 
convert the Indians, i. 172. 202. 203. 
iv. 65. His salary from the corpora- 
tion for propagating the gospel, i. 218. 
Obtains a commission for the govern- 
ment of the Indians, vi. 196. Death. 

| i. 202. 

Mayhew, Thomas, jun. preaches to the 

Indians, i. 155. 172. 202. 206. Lost 
at sea. i. 203. 

Mayhew, Zachary. iv. 65. 

Mayo, John. iii. 258. 

Mayo, Elisha. viii. 116. 

Mead, , friend to New-England. 

ix. 247. 

Measles in Boston, iv. 213. 

Mechisses river, iii. 145. 

Medford settled, viii. 39. A flourish- 
ing town. i. 107. 

Megonko-hill. iv. 15. 

Meigs, Bo wen, and Dana, printers, vi. 77. 

Meigs, Col. destroys British stores at 
Sagg- Harbour, ii. 102. In the storm- 
ing of Stony-Point, ii. 170. 

Meigs, , of Guilford, x. 93. 

Mein, , printer, vi. 71. 

Mellen, John, minister in Lancaster, iv. 
231. Character, iv. 17. 

Mellen, John, minister in Barnstable, 
iii. 16. F. H. S. v. 291. 

Memevamcook in Nova-Scotia, x. 115. 

Memrancook river, iii. 101. 

Mendana, Alvaro de. iv. 238. 

Menekish, Indian, viii. 173. x. 133. 

Menemesseg, Indian town. vi. 205. 

Menemsha, in Martha's Vineyard, i. 

Mennominies, Indians, x. 121. 

Menotomy in Cambridge, vii. 2. Made 
a parish, vii. 33. Number of houses 
in. vii. 6. 

Menunkatuck, Indian name of Guilford, 
iv. 182. 

Mercer, Gen. ii. 90. 

Mercer, Lieut. Col. commands at Oswe- 
go, vii. 124. Slain.- vii. 158. 

Meriam, Jonas, v. 274. 

Merribunter. vi. 1. 

Merrimack-river. i. 107. 

Merrimichi Indians, x. 115. River and 
bay. iii. 100. 

Merry-meeting bay. iii. 141. 142. 

Meshawn, Indian praying town. i. 196. 
viii. 173. 

Messisaugas, Indians, vii. 123. x. 122. 
Language, ix. 92. 

Metack, Indian chief, vi. 196. 

Methodist preachers sent to America, 
iii. 265. 

Mexico Indians, ix. 214. 

Miami, battle of, St. Clair's, iii. 26. 
Wayne's; x. 123. River, iii. 26. Fu- 
neral of an Indian, and dress of wo- 
men described, iii. 26. 

Miamis, Indians, x. 123. 

Miantonimoh, Sachem of Narraganset. 
iii. 229. Sells Rhode-Island to the 
English, x. 20. Joins the English 
against the Pequots. iv. 279. Eighty 
of the Pequots given to him. ix. 82. 
Disposed to keep the Sabbath, iii. 
229. His battle with Uncas. ix. 77. 
Killed, ix. 84. 


General Index. 

Micmack Indians, Numbers of. x. 115. 
Treaty made with. x. 116. Vocabu- 
lary of the language, vi. 18. 

Middle-bank. iv. 42. 

Middleborough, Description of. iii. 1. 
Historical account of. iii. 148. Indian 
name. viii. 232. 233. 252. Indian 
towns, i. 198. 200. Number of In- 
dians, i. 201. Iron ore. iii. 175. Bills 
of mortality, viii. 79. ix. 235. x. 188. 

Middle-river, iii. 145. 

Middlesex, Description of. i. 107. 

Middletown, Connecticut, Indians of. x. 

Midway in Georgia, ix. 157. 

Mifflin, Fort, evacuated by the Ameri- 
cans, ii. 128. 

Milburn and Leisler killed at New- York, 
iii. 127. 129. 

Milford in Connecticut settled, iii. 5. 

Milford-haven, Cascade at. iii. 98. 

Militia of the United States, 80,000 pro- 
visionally detached, viii. 80. 

Mill, the first in Masssachusetts erected. 
ix. 164. 

Millar, John. v. 59. 

Miller, , minister of Rowley, ix. 46. 

Miller, Alexander, x. 60. 

Miller, Phineas. v. 292. 

Miller, Samuel, x. 192. 

Miller, William-Fowler, v. 169. 

Millet, Thomas, ix. 167. 

Mills and Hicks, printers, vi. 72. 

Mills, Ebenezer. v. 169. 

Millstone hill. i. 113. 

Milmer, Col. v. 147. 

Milton, the poet. ix. 8. 

Milton, lands at, purchased, ix. 159. 
Incorporated, i. 100. ix. 161. Church 
gathered, ix. 193. 

Milton's hill, Wellfieet. iv. 41. 

Mipham, John. x. 92. 

Minas in Nova- Scotia, x. 80. 116. Ba- 
sin, iii. 97. 98. 

Minerals in Connecticut, vii. 236. In 
Demerary. vi. 10. In Massachusetts. 
i. 113. 248. 273. iii. 139. 168. 172. 
175. ix. 254. In Nova-Scotia, iii. 
98. In the United States, vi. 180. 
In Virginia, v. 125. Method of Col- 
lecting, iv. 14. 

Mingoes, name of Six Nations, vii. 74. 

Ministers, Order passed by the govern- 
ment of Massachusetts respecting the 
calling of. x. 25. Maintenance of, 
provided for by law in Massachusetts. 
x. 29. 

Ministry, learned, Massachusetts plant- 
ers encourage, x. 25 — 29. 

Ministry, British, changed in 1782. ii. 

Minomonees, Indians, ix. 92. 

Minot, Francis, viii. 87. 

Minot, George, viii. 96. 

Minot, George-Richards, Character of. jlo 
viii. 86. F. H. S. v. 291. 

Minot, James, ix. 182. 

Minot, Stephen, viii. 96. 

Misery-Island, vi. 221. 

Mishawum, Indian name of Charles- 
town, iii. 241. ix. 18. 

Missiquash river, iii. 96. 99. 

Missogkonnog Indians, vi. 201. 

Mistaken-harbour, i. 235. 

Mistick, Indian town in Connecticut, 
taken, iv. 292. Burnt, iv. 294. 

Mistick, in Massachusetts, settled, viii. Jlo 
39. River, i. 107. 

Mitchel, Jonathan, came to New-Eng- 4fc 
land. ix. 171. Minister of Cam- 
bridge, v. 266. vii. 27. Appointed 
licenser of the press, i. 228. Me- 
moirs of. vii. 47. Death, vii. 30. 

Mitchel's river, viii. 147. 

Mitchill, Samuel-L. v. 292. 

MofFet, Joseph, ix. 133. 

Mohawk Indians, attempts made to edu- 
cate their children at Stockbridge. x. k 
142. 153. These attempts opposed by Ic 
the Episcopalians, x. 145. 148. And ic 
by the Dutch of New- York. x. 148. (it 
One of the Six Nations, v. 120. In 
the battle of Lake George, vii. 109. 
Numbers, who met Johnson in 1764. 
x. 121. Numbers employed by the 
British, x. 123. They left their an- |k 
cient villages in 1780. v. 20. x. 153. |( 
Numbers in 1796. v. 23. Language. 
ix. 93. Specimen of it. x. 137. See 

Mohawk-river, ii. 97. vii. 95. Falls. 
i. 285. Lands on. i. 284. 

Moheagans. iv. 174. vi. 207. viii. 18. 
Memoir of. ix. 77. Numbers in 1705. 
ix. 78. In 1774. ix. 79. In 1803. ix. 
76, Remarks on their language, ix. 1 
90. Specimen of their language, ix. f 
96. 98. See Moheagan. 

Moheakaunuck Indians, iv. 68. ix. 90. k 

Moheek, Indian town. i. 208. ix. 86. 

Mohegan Indians, i. 160. Subject to 
the Pequots. i. 147. Numbers of. i. Ii 

Mohegan river, i. 190. 

Mohickons, Indians, x. 123. 

Molasses, foreign, Duty laid on by Par- JIi 
liament. vi. 193. 194. 

Monamessat Neck. viii. 145. 

Monamoyick Indians, viii. 159. 253. 
Subject to the Pawkunnawkuts. i. 
148. Numbers in 1698. viii. 173. x. f |i 
133. In 1762. x. 114. Town. i. 197. 
198. Lands purchased by the Eng- 
lish, viii. 151. Settled by the Eng- 
lish, and named Chatham, viii. 152. 
Harbour, viii. 144. 165. 249. 

Mondiquid river, ix. 159. 

Monequessin, Indian, viii. 21. 

General Index. 


oney, Capt. ii. 122. 

oney first coined in Massachusetts, vii. 


oney, Paper, suppressed in Massa- 
chusetts, 1750. iii. 287. See Paper 


oney of the Indians, i. 152. iii. 54. 

231. viii. 192, 

onhiggon. viii. 225. 271. 

onimoy Indians, x. 133. See Mona- 


onmouth, Battle of. ii. 143. vi. 172. 

onmouth, Earl of. ix. 248. 

onongahela- river, iii. 22. 

ononotto, Indian, iv. 289. 

onponset-pond. ix. 254. 

onseag-river. vii. 167. 

ontague, Admiral, succeeds Commo- 
dore Gambier. ii. 45. Advises whale 

fishery at Falkland- Islands, iii. 199. 

ontague, agent, ix. 270. 

ontague, Capt. i. 111. 

ontague, William, iii. 261. 

ontauk Indians, Account of. x. 105. 

ontcalm, Gen. vi. 38.. 

ontezuma. ix. 214. 

ontgomery, Gen. ordered to advance 

into Canada, ii. 55. Takes St. John's 

and Montreal, ii. 58. Slain at Que- 
bec, ii. 59. vi. 161. Account of his 

burial, i. 111. 

ontgomery, Gov. vii. 78. 

ontgomery, Major, ii. 218. 

ontgomery fort taken, ii. 118. 

ontour, Madame, vii. 189. 

ontreal taken by Gen. Montgomery. 

ii. 58. 

ontresor, Engineer, vii. 114. 

onts, De, visits Kennebeck-river. i. 

251. Lands at Passamaquoddy. ix. 


ontsweag. ix. 210. 

ontville, Indian name of. i. 208. 

onument-hill. vi. 214. 

onument- point, viii. 130. 
Konument-ponds, Church at. iv. 131. 
jjonumet in Sandwich, viii. 122. See 

Itoody, , of Providence, ix. 196. 

;ioody, , minister at the Isles of 

I Shoals, vii. 255. 
j{oody, Caleb, x. 64. 
lioody, Joseph, iii. 10. 
i foody, Joshua, minister of Portsmouth, 
jj Memoirs of. x. 40. 64. vi. 270. Min- 
ister in Boston, vi. (5.) x. 44. An 
I eminent man. x. 167. 
Itoody, Samuel, minister of York. iii. 
If 10. vii. 257. x. 170. Anecdote of. i. 

Iloody, Samuel, preacher at Newcastle. 
|[x. 64. 

oody, Samuel, preceptor of Dummer 

Academy, x. 55. 

ioody, Silas, x. 64. 

Moody, William, x. 45. His descend- 
ants, x. 64. 

Moogunkawg, or Magunkaquog. x. 82. 

Moon- island, iii. 297. ix. 164. 

Moore, John. ix. 154. 

Moore, Thomas, vii. 171. 

Moorhead, John, iii. 264. 

Moors, Indians of America supposed to 
be the descendants of. i. 146. 

Moose- island, iii. 95. 

Mooshausick, Indian name of Provi- 
dence, x. 18. 

Morals, State of, among Stockbridge, 
Oneida, and Brothertown Indians, iv. 
70. v. 17. 19. 

Moratiggon. viii. 226. 

Morcus, Sachem, vi. 114. 

Morell, or Morrell, William, i. 125. ix. 

Morga, Don Antonio, iv. 238. 

Morgan. Abner. ix. 133. 

Morgan, Col. annoys British troops in 
New-Jersey, ii. 104. 106. In the bat- 

* tie of Stillwater, ii. 122. His action 
with the enemy near Jenkinstown. ii. 
130. In the battle of Monmouth, ii. 
141. General, ii. 200. Defeats Tarle- 
ton at Cowpens. ii. 203. Pursued by 
Cornwallis. ii. 205. 

Morgan, Jonathan, ix. 133. 

Morgan, Joseph, ix. 132. 

Morrell, Abraham, vii. 10. 

Morrill, Nathaniel, x. 55. 

Morris, George, ii. 140. 

Morris, Judge, vii. 78. 

Morris, Robert, ii. 211. 

Morris, Robert-Hunter, Lieut. Gov. of 
Pennsylvania, vii. 72. Urges the As- 
sembly of the Province to make exer- 
tions to defend their frontiers, vii. 
100. Member of the grand council of 
war. vii. 131. Accused of high trea- 
son by Evans, vii. 137. Builds a line 
of forts, vii. 153. 

Morris's cove. viii. 145. 

Morris's Island, viii. 118. 146. 

Morse, , of Chatham, ix. 196. 

Morse, Deacon, x. 53. 

Morse, Jedidiah, author of the American 
Universal Geography, v. 123. F. H. 
S. v. 291. Minister of Charlestown. 
vii. 259. 

Mors, Joseph, ix. 195. 196. 

Mortality, Bills of, in Connecticut, iii. 
4. In Maine, iii. 143. In Massachu- 
setts, i. 114. 116. 240. 274. iii. 17. 
20. 121. 160. 201. iv. 19. 43. 213. v. 
207. 276. vi. 276. viii. 79. 125. ix. 
168. 235. x. 188. In New-Hamp- 
shire, ix. 236. 

Morton, Bishop, ix. 170. 

Morton, Charles, minister of Charles- 
town, ix. 156. An eminent man. x. 
167. Epitaph, viii. 76. 

Morton, Ephraim. iv. 123. 126. 


General Index. 

Morton, George, iv. 127. 

Morton, Nathaniel, iv. 136. ix. 35. 

Morton, Thomas, sells muskets and am- 
munition to the Indians, iii. 61. 64. 
Apprehended and sent prisoner to 
England, iii. 62. 64. Complains 
against New-England, iv. 120. 

Mosely, Capt. vi. 207. 

Mosely, Samuel, ix. 186. * 

Moses, Nadab. x. 57. 

Moses, Theodore, x. 61. 

Moshenupsuck, the notch in Bolton 
mountain, ix. 80. 

Moshup, fabulous giant at Gay-head. i. 
139. See Maushop. 

Mother-brook, ix. 163. 

Motte, Fort, taken, ii. 212. 

Moulding of iron ware. ix. 261. 

Moulton and Harmon subdue the Nor- 
ridgewocks. ix. 209. 220. 

Moulton, Jeremiah, i. 104. 

Moulton, Johnson, iii. 11. 

Moultrie, Col. commands at Sullivan's 
Island, ii. 66. Defeats the British at 
Beaufort, ii. 163. Retreats to Charles- 
ton, ii. 166. 

Mountaineer language, Vocabulary of. 
vi. 19. 

Mount- Hope. iii. 171. v. 222. 224. 226. 

Mourning for the dead among the Indi- 
ans, i. 134. 153. iii. 237. x. 109. 

Mousam, , minister in Marblehead. 

viii. 76. 

Mousam-river. iii. 139. Canal near. iii. 

Mowatt, Capt. ii. 58. 

Moxon, George, ix. 191. x. 26. 

Mr. A title given to gentlemen only in 
the early periods of New- England, ix. 
150. x. 99. 

Muckemuck, Job, Indian preacher, x. 

Muddy-river in Elintston. iii. 239. 

Muddy-river in Topsham. iii. 141. 

Mud-island abandoned by the Ameri- 
cans, ii. 128. 

Mugford, James, viii. 59. 

Muhheakunnuk country described, ix. 
99. Etymology of the word. ix. 100. 
The traditions of the nation, ix. 100. 
Agriculture, hunting, and weapons, 
ix. 101. 

Muhhekaneew Indians, i. 195. ix. 91. 

Muhhekaneok. ix. 90. See Moheak- 

Muhlenberg, Gen. ii. 210. 

Mulford's Cliff, viii. 158. 

Munsees, Indians, ix. 92. x. 123. 

Munshee, Daniel, Indian, viii. 173. x. 

Murder among the Indians, how pun- 
ished, i. 149. iii. 211. iv. 166. v. 18. 

Murdock's pond. viii. 223. 

Murray, Counsellor, vii. 76. 203. 

Murray, Gen. vi. 54. 

Murray, John. iii. 264. Universalis!;. 

x. 72. 
Muscle-point, viii. 145. 
Muset in Sandwich, i. 232. 
Musgrave P. Post- master, v. 209. vi. 

Muskulthe Indians, x. 123. 
Musquetequid, Indian name of Concord. 

i. 240. 
Musquidoboit- river, iii. 97. 
Musquito in Demerary. vi. 2. 
Mussauco, Indian name of Simsbury. 

ix. 84. 
Mussey, Hester, vii. 10. 
Mutcheshesunnetooh, evil god of 

Long-Island Indians, x. 109. 
Myles, Samuel, hi. 259. vii. 217. 
iv. 41. 
x. 76. 

the ^ 

Myrick's pond. 



Naamskeket in Harwich 

Nacommuck- brook, i. 269. 

Naggawoomcom-pond. x. 84. 

Nahanticks, Indians, iv. 174. See Ne- ^ 
h an ticks and Nianticks. 

Naihantick. x. 102. See Niantick. 

Nails made in Middleborough. iii. 2. 8 ' 

Nalkitgoniash in Nova- Scotia, x. 116, ''■ 

Naltaug-brook. i. 269. d 

Namasakeeset, Indian name of Duxbor- iai 
ough. ii. 4. ■ tf 

Namasket, Namasquet, or Namasseket, D 
visited by Hopkins and Winslow. iii.j 6 ' 
148. viii. 232. By Gov. Bradford, f 
viii. 252. By Winslow and Hamden. f 1 
viii. 258. 264. Indian town. i. 200. j^ 
Now Middleborough. iii. 1. ^ 

Namcock in the Narraganset country. l'i 
v. 240. si 

Nameeag Indians, x. 101. Si 

Names of the dead, esteemed a crime s ' 
among the Indians to speak, iii. 159. ! 'i 
208. 237. x. 110. i' 

Naming of children among the Indians. § 
x. 108. h 

Namskeket creek, viii. 160, 188. 219. [ i 
x. 72. Land purchased of the Indi- 1[ 
ans. viii. 164. See Skaket. 

Nanticoke Indians, Plot of, against the 
English discovered, vii. 199. Lan- 
guage, ix. 92. 

Nantucket, Description of. iii. 153» 
Macy's account of. iii. 155. Progress 
of the whale-fishery, iii. 161. Bill of 
mortality, iii. 160. Indian fable re- 
specting the discovery of the island, 
v. 56. 

Nantucket Indians subject to the Paw- 
kunnawkuts. i. 148. Numbers. L 
205. 207. iii. 157. 159. Progress of' 
the gospel among them. i. 205. 207. 
Praying towns, i. 207. Churches, iii. 

General Index. 


ip. iv. 66. x. 124. 132. Character. 
I 206. iii. 158. Mortal disease among 
Biem. i. 207. iii. 158. 
Irraganset Indians, enemies to the 
Jwamponoags. viii. 231. 238. Ac- 
ijount of. i. 147. Vocabulary of their 

jinguage. iii. 203. v. 80. Their cus- 

5ms, religion, &c. iii. 203 — 238. 
jJoundaries of their country, v. 239. 
ijn which were many towns, iii. 207. 
Jjend a defiance to Plymouth, viii. 
U39. Hostile to the English there. 
Jjiii. 241. Sell lands to Roger Wil- 
liams, William Coddington,. Richard 
Jlmith. v. 216. And to Humphrey 
JLtherton and others, v. 217. 240. 

freaty of peace with. x. 18. At war 
Jrith the Moheagans. ix. 77. Pequots 
incorporated with them. ix. 82. Not 

jisposed to embrace Christianity, i. 

10. Their character and numbers. 

j 210. Indians defeated in their 

cuntry by the colonists, vi. 90. 
Mh, Gen. in the battle of Brandywine. 
Ji. 115. In the battle of Germantown. 
ji. 119. Wounded, ii. 120. 
Iphamoiess, Indian town. i. 204. 
mhauckammuck. x. 131. See Nash- 


jfehaun island, i. 232. Indian church 
lit. i. 206. See Naushaun. 
ifchaway Indians subject to the Mas- 
sachusetts, i. 148. At war with the 
jlaquas. i. 162. 193. Gookin's letter 
m them. i. 193. 
jthawinna island, i. 232. 
Ifchobah, Indian town. i. 188. 
fthua river, i. 107. 
Jbhuakemmiuk, or Nashouohkamuck, 
Jlndian town. i. 204. Number of Li- 
lians in. i. 206. 
Jghwack- river, iii. 100. 
Ks, on the north-west coast, ix. 243. 
*sau, Prince of. ii. 172. 
Mick, Indian town. i. 17L 180. 181. 
Ii. 185. viii. 19. Incorporated, i. 
U84. Indians, v. 25. 32. 206. 263. 
ILaw of General Court respecting, i. 
||77. Form of government established 
■mong. i. 181. Removed to Long- 
Jlsland during Philip's war. i. 228. 
Hell lands at Salem, vi. 278. Num- 
bers in 1698. x. 134. In 1749. x. 
■ 34. At different periods, i. 195. x. 
I 36. Church, i. 181. v. 43. vi. 201. 
Jriii. 20. 21. x. 124. Instructions of, 
Jjo William and Anthony, vi. 201. 
■ugus's head. vi. 217. 
luhaught, Elisha, Indian, v. 56. 
fjumkeak, Indians of, subject to the 
iPawtuckets. i. 149. Settled by the 
English, iii. 66. Account of, in 1629. 
L 123. Now Salem, iii. 241. 
ljumkoyick neck and creek, viii. 188. 
Inset, Indian town. i. 197. Visited 

by the Plymoutheans. viii. 237. By 
Gov. Bradford, viii. 250. By Capt. 
Standish. viii. 252. Settled by the 
English, iv. 112. viii. 163. The name 
now confined to the north-east part 
of Eastham. viii. 158. Indians kid- 
napped by Hunt. viii. 160. 227. 238. 
Account 6f. viii. 159. Number of 
fighting men. viii. 161. 226. Attack 
the English, viii. 219. Trade with 
them. viii. 162. Join in the conspi- 
racy against them. viii. 262. Re- 
ceive the gospel, viii. 170. 

Nauset- beach, viii. 115. 

Nauset-harbour.' viii. 116. 154. 187. 

Naushaun-island. iv. 234. See Nashaun. 

Nawdowessies, Indians, ix. 92. 

Nawset Indians subject to the Pawkun- 
nawkuts. i. 148. See Nauset. 

Neal, Daniel, Historian of New- England. 
v. 199. Character of his history, v. 
200. vii. 262. Errour pointed out. 
ix. 12. 

Nechegansit Indians. See Narraganset. 

Neddick, Cape. iii. 7. 

Neforummin, Indian minister, v. 43. 

Negro slave in Massachusetts sues his 
master for his freedom, iv. 202. 

Negroes, Duty imposed in Massachu- 
setts on imported, iv. 196. Indians of 
Martha's Vineyard and Marshpee im- 
proved in their morals by intermarry- 
ing with. i. 206. iv. 206. Well treat- 
ed in Virginia, iii. 92. 

Nehantick. ix. 90. See Niantick and 

Nehanticks, Indians, ix. 77. 79. 

Nehemiah, Indian, ix. 198. 

Nehumkek. i. 1 23. See Naumkeak. 

Nelson, Samuel, iii. 151. 

Neponset Indians subject to the Massa- 
chusetts, i. 148. Mortality among, 
vii. 9. 

Neponset- river, i. 169. 184. ix. 163. 

Netowah, Indian preacher, x. 132. 

New-Albion discovered, i. 144. ix. 54. 

New-Bedford, Description of. iv. 232. 
Indian name. i. 200. Burnt by Gen. 
Gray. ii. 151. 

New-Braintree incorporated, i. 266. 

New- Brunswick, Description of. iii. 99. 

Newbury settled, vii. 242. Church 
gathered, vii. 15. Ministers inclined 
to Presbyterianism. ix. 48. 

Newcastle in Maine, vii. 164. 

Newcastle in New-Hampshire, x. 46. 

Newcomb's Hollow, viii. 114. 

New-Dublin, iii, 96. 

New- emission money recommended by 
Congress, ii. 184. 

New-England, Bradford's account of. 
iii. 77. 

New-England, Barnard's sketch of emi- 
nent ministers int x. 167. 


General Index. 

New-England, Chauncy's sketch of 
eminent men in. x. 154. 

New-England's first fruits, as to the 
progress of learning, &c. i. 242. 

New-England, Morrell's poem on. i. 

New-England, Observations on, 1673. 
iv. 216. 

New- England's Plantation, containing 
a description of New-England, 1629. 
i. 117. 

New-England settled by the English. 
viii. 36. Character of its inhabitants, 
i. 105. 248. vii. 138. Of its first 
ministers, iii. 79. Of its first magis- 
trates, iii. 80. Number of towns in 
1643. L 247. 

New- England full of swamps, rivers, 
brooks, and ponds, iii. 217. Cold 
of, accounted for. iii. 218. 

New-England, Commissioners of the 
united colonies of, dedicate Eliot's 
Indian Bible to Charles II. i. 174. 
vii. 222. Their letter to Robert Boyle, 
i. 216. Account of the corporation 
for propagating the gospel among the 
Indians of. i. 212. Their letter to 
the commissioners of the united colo- 
nies, i. 214. Appoint them to super- 
intend the Christian Indians, i. 213. 
214. See Indians of New -England. 

Newfoundland taken possession of by 
Sir Humphrey Gilbert, ix. 50. Im- 
ports and exports of, 1799. vii. 219. 

New- Hampshire, Assembly of, refuse 
to vote supplies in the war of 1756. 
i. 75. Towns of, put themselves un- 
der the jurisdiction of Massachusetts, 
1641. x. 38. Constitution estab- 
lished, iv. 204. No Indians remain- 
ing, i. 211. Character of the gov- 
ernment and people in 1795. iv. 98. 

New-harbour in Chatham, viii. 144. 

New-Haven settled, iii. 5. 153. Lati- 
tude and longitude, vii. 231. Plun- 
dered by Gen. Garth, ii. 169. iii. 
103. vi. 174. 

New- Haven Colony, Civil government 
of. iv. 185. x. 97. 

New- Haven harbour, vii. 234. 

Newichawanocks, Indians, ix. 210. 

New- Jersey, British army enters, ii. 
81. 83. 

New-London, Indian name of. i. 147. 
ix. 84. x. 101. North parish pur- 
chased of the Indians, ix. 81. Flour- 
ishing town in 1680. iv. 220. Lati- 
tude and longitude, vii. 231. Burnt 
by Arnold, ii. 217. 

New-London river, vii. 233. 234. 

Newman, John. x. 192. 

Newman, Samuel, ix. 191. 

New- Market incorporated, iv. 87. 

New- Meadows river, iii. 141. 

New-Milford incorporated, vii. 167. 

New-Netherlands settled by the Dutch, 
iii. 51. 

New- North church in Boston erected, 
iii. 260. viii. 68. 

Newport in Nova-Scotia, x. 81. 

Newport in Rhode-Island built, v. 216. 

New-Providence, Garrison of, surrenders 
to Capt. Hopkins, ii. 62. Taken by 
the Spaniards, ii. 229. 

New- Salem settled from Middleborough. 
iii. 152. 

New-Shoreham on Block-island, x. 111. 

Newspapers first printed in Boston, v. 
208. vi. 66. In Connecticut, vi. 76. 
In New- Hampshire, v. 215. I« 
Rhode-Island, v. 215. In Philadel- 
phia, vi. 64. 

New-Stockbridge Indians, v. 13. x. 153. 

New-Testament, Eliot's translation of, 
first published, i. 176. 

Newton, Anthony, ix. 194. 

Newton, Hibbert. vi. 121. 

Newton, Judge, iii. 126. 

Newton, Description and history of. v. 
253. Indian name. i. 168. Cam- 
bridge-village, i. 171. 

Newtown in Connecticut, Indians of. x. 

Newtown in New- York, Description of. 
ix. 120. 

Newtown-creek. ix. 123. 

New- York, Great mortality in, 1702. 
ix. 195. City and harbour described, 
ii. 67. College founded, vii. 89. City 
evacuated by the American army. h. 
76. vi. 165. Great fire in. ii. 77. 
Another fire in. ii. 148. Evacuated 
by the British, ii. 243. 

Niagara, Letter from a gentleman on his 
return from. i. 284. 

Niantick Indians subject to the Narra- 
gansetts. i. 147. Situation of their 
country, v. 239. ix. 82. Mortgaged 
to Humphrey Atherton and others, v. 
240. Lands in their country claimed 
by James Noyes. v. 242. The Indi- 
ans uniformly adhered to the English, 
vi. 86. ix. 82. See Nehanticks and 

Nicholet, Charles, vi. 263. 

Nichols, , minister in Salem, vi. 274. 

Nichols, Richard, Charles II.'s commis- 
sioner to the colonies, v. 218. 228. 
231. 238. 

Nicholson, Col. Gov. of Virginia, v. 158. 
159. 164. Popular, v. 130. 

Nicholson, Gen. vii. 215. Gov. of 
Nova- Scotia, vi. 120. 123. 

Nickerson, William, viii. 151. 

Nickerson's point, viii. 145. 

Nick's-mate-island. iii. 297. 

Nicoles, Mohawk chief, x. 143. 151. 

Nihanticks, Number of, in 1761. x. 103. 
In 1783. x. 104. See Niantick. 

Niles, Nathaniel, v. 292. 

General Index. 


N"iles, Samuel, minister of Braintree. 

I ix. 196. Eminent man. x. 170. 

Ninegret, Sachem of the Nianticks. ix. 

| 82. Mortgages his lands to Humphrey 

j Atherton and others, v. 240. 241. 242. 
Uniformly adhered to the English, iv. 

| 279. vi. 86. Punishes his wife for 
adultery, ix. 83. Accused of treach- 
ery to the English, vi. 207. Number 
of his tribe in 1761. x. 104. 

jSmety-Six, Tarleton repulsed at. ii. 201. 

I Gen. Greene repulsed in his attack 

] upon. ii. 212. 

NTipegons, Indians, ix. 92. 

Nipmuck Indians tributary to the Nar- 

[ ragansets. i. 147. Subject to the 

j Massachusetts, i. 148. At war with 

I the Maquas. i. 162. Situation of 
their country, i. 115. v. 239. ix. 80. 
Praying towns, i. 189. x. 128. Am- 
bush Capt. Hutchinson's party, i. 259. 

Nipmuck-river. i. 185. 

faipnets, or Nipmucks. i. 259. ix. 93. 

Nippahonsit-pond. iiL 168. 

Nippaniquet-pond. iii.- 166. 168. 

Nixon, Gen. ii. 125. 

f^oah, Indian preacher, x. 132. 

Noailles, M. de, French ambassador, ii. 

[ 134. 

Noailles, Viscount de. ii. 222. 

Noble, David, viii. 49. 

jNoble, John. x. 57. 

Nobscusset, or Nobsquassit. viii. 159. 

f Indians subject to the Pawkunnaw- 

I kuts. i. 148. Indian town. i. 197. 

{ Village in Dennis, i. 232. viii. 134. 

JNobska, near Wood's Hole. i. 232. 

Noddle's Island, iii. 297. iv. 194. 

Noel, Col. ii. 167. 

Nokehick, or Nokake, Indian food. i. 

j 150. iii. 208. viii. 228. 

Noman's Land, according to Indian tra- 

\ dition, once joined Gay-head. i. 139. 

I Few Indians left at, 1720. > i. 206. 

{Nonantomomqua meadow, i. 269. 

ilNonantum Indians subject to the Mas- 

I sachusetts. i. 148. John Eliot preaches 

I the gospel to them. i. 168. v. 255. 

[] viii. 14. x. 13. 

Non-importation agreement of the Bos- 

n ton merchants, ii. 43. 

iiNonnymesset- island, viii. 128. 

IjNooheeva-island. iv. 242. 

ibToonatomen. v. 265. See Nonantum. 

iNope, or Martha's Vineyard, i. 148. 154. 

[ 201. 

[(Norfolk county erected, iii. 241. 

ib^orfolk in Virginia burnt, ii. 61. 

■Norman's map. viii. 209. 

iiNorridgewock Indians, Situation of. i. 

j 251. Their tradition of a murder per- 

j petrated by the English, i. 252. Sub- 

' dued. ix. 209. 220. Peace made with. 

I vi. 117. Join the Canadians, ix. 226. 
Specimen of their language, x. 137. 

Norris, , one of the Congress at Al- 
bany, vii. 76. 203. 

Norris, Edward, minister, vi. 254. 

Norris, Edward, schoolmaster, vi. 240. 

North, Lord, account of his conciliatory 
plan. ii. 48. Proposes the American 
piracy bill. ii. 92. His conciliatory 
acts passed by Parliament, ii. 135. 
Succeeded by the Marquis of Rock- 
ingham, ii. 226. Made Secretary of 
State, ii. 234. See also ii. 113. 

North- America discovered, ix. 54. 

North- America, British colonies in, Ob- 
servations on. i. 66. Plan of union 
of. vii. 203. Objections of Connect- 
icut against the plan. vii. 210. Num- 
ber of inhabitants. 1755. vii. 220. 

Northborough incorporated, x. 85. 

North- Bristol in Guilford, x. 95. 

North -church (old) in Boston c booses a 
pastor, who is set aside by the govern- 
ment, x. 25. 

Northern lights, ii. 14. 

Northfield, Account of. ii. 30. Part of 
it annexed to New- Hampshire, iii. 

Northfields in Salem, vi. 212. 218. 

North- pond in Hopkinton. iv. 17. 

North-pond in Worcester, i. 114. 

North-river in Concord, i. 238. 

North-river in Salem, vi. 216. 

Northumberland, Straits of. iii. 97. 

North-west coast of America, ix. 242. 

North-west passage, Attempts to dis- 
cover, ix. 54. 

North-west-river in Flintston. iii. 239. 

Norton, , minister of Hingham. ix. 


Norton, Asa. v. 292. 

Norton, John, leaves England, iv. 110. 
vii. 43. Preaches at Plymouth, iv. 
110. vii. 277. Minister in Ipswich 
and Boston, iii. 257. vi. (5.) 260. 
ix. 44. Author, iii. 300. Character, 
x. 30. 

Norton, John, chief of Six Nations, x. 

Norton, Seth. v. 170. 

Nottingham in Pennsylvania, vii. 174. 

Norwalk burnt by Gov. Tryon. ii. 169. 

Nova- Scotia granted to William Alex- 
ander, iii. 95. Ceded to Great- 
Britain by the French, vi. 130. His- 
tory of, from 1710. vi. 120. Num- 
ber of inhabitants, 1764. x. 81. De- 
scription of. iii. 94. Divided into 
four governments, iii. 96. Agricul- 
tural Society, iii. 98. Governours. 
iii. 101. 

Nowel, Increase, ruling elder in Boston, 
viii. 6. ix. 12. 19. x. 2. Leaves the 
office, ix. 3. Magistrate, ix. 20. 
Superintendent of the Indians, x. 128. 

Noyes, Dr. v. 198. 

Noyes, James, minister of Newbury, vi. 

VOL. X. 

M ra 


General Index. 

264. Memoirs of. vii. 242. Char- 
acter, vi. 273. Inclined to Presby- 
terianism. ix. 48. 

Noyes, James, minister of Stonington. 
vii. 242. 

Noyes, Moses, minister of Lyme. vii. 

Noyes, Nicholas, minister in Salem- 
vi. 264. Believed in witchcraft, v. 64. 
75. Death, vi. 273. Character, vi. 
286. x. 168. 

Nukkehkummees, Indian town. x. 130. 

Number- four, Fort, built, iii. 107. 

Nummuck, William, Indian, x. 133. 

Numpaus, Indian, x. 114. 

Nunnepoag in Edgartown. x. 132. 

Nurse, John. ix. 145. 

Nussinut-Hill. i. 238. 

Nut-Island, iii. 297. 

Nutting, John. vi. 240. 


Oak. iii. 220. 

Oakes, Josiah. iii. 118. viii. 176. 

Oakes, Simon, vii. 10. 

Oakes, Thomas, iii. 1 18. 

Oakes, Urian, President of Harvard 
College, vii. 27. Minister of Cam- 
bridge, vii. 31. Death, vii. 32. Me- 
moirs of. vii. 51. 

Obachickquid, Indian, ix. 83. 

Obtakiest, Sachem of Massachusetts, 
viii. 265. Plots against the English, 
viii. 272. Inclined to make peace. 
viii. 273. See Chickataubut. 

Ochre, Yellow, in Brookfield. i. 273. 

Occum, Samson, a Moheagan Indian, 
ix. 76. Preaches to the Montauk In- 
dians, x. 105. Removes to Oneida, 
i. 210. Minister of the Brotherton 
Indians, v. 13. Memoirs of. ix. 89. 

Odiorne, Thomas, iv. 94. 

Odlin, John. iv. 88. 

Odlin, Woodbridge. iv. 88. 

Ogden, Col. ii. 235. 

Ogden, John-Cosens, minister in Ports- 
mouth, x. 58. 63. His children, x. 71. 

Oggawame, Indian town. i. 207. 

Oglevie, , missionary to the Indians. 

iv. 54. 

O'Hara, Gen. in the battle of Guilford, 
ii. 209. At York-town. ii. 222. 

Ohio-river, iii. 22. 

Ohkonkemme in Tisbury. x. 131. 

Okommakamesit, Indian town. i. 185. 
220. Now Marlborough, iv. 46. 

Oldham, John, endeavours to make a 
division in the church of Plymouth. 
vii. 273. Travels to Connecticut river, 
ix. 152. Killed by the Indians, iv. 
273. vii. 275. 

Old-Harbour, Chatham, viii. 143. 

Old- Harbour, Dorchester, ix. 163. 166. 

Old-Indian wear on Taunton river, viii. 

Old- South church in Boston formed, 
iii. 258. Censured by the General 
Assembly, x. 34. Place of worship 
converted into a military riding school, 
i. 3. 

Old-Testament, Eliot's translation of, 
first published, vii. 222. 

Old-Tom's-hill. viii. 211. 

Oliver, Andrew, stamp-master, his prop- 
erty injured by a mob. ii. 43. Lieut. 
Gov. of Massachusetts, ii. 45. Gen- 
eral Court petitions for his removal. 
iii. 110. Author, iii. 301. vi. 74. 

Oliver, Mrs. of Salem, vi. 252. 255. 

Oliver, Peter, ii. 46. 

Oliver, Thomas, deacon in Newton, v. 

Oliver, Thomas, Lieut. Gov. of Massa- 
chusetts, ii. 46. ix. 189. 

Oliver, Thomas- Fitch, minister in Mar- 
blehead. viii. 78. 

Olmstead, James, vii- 10. 

Onandaga-lake. i. 284. See Onondago. 

Onateyo-island. iv. 240. 

Oneehow-island. ix. 244. 

Oneida, Indian town. i. 284. iv. 71. 

Oneida Indians, one of the Five Nations, 
v. 120. Massacre Englishmen, vii. 
151. Consent to the erection of forts 
in their country, vii. 152. Number 
who met Sir William Johnson in 1764. 
x. 121. Number employed by the 
British, x. 123. Account of them, 
iv. 67. Severe sufferers in the Amer- 
ican war. iv. 69. Their number in 
1794. v. 13. 23. 

Oneida-lake. vii. 95. 

Oneida-creek, Action near. ii. 108. 

Oneiyutas, or Oneidas. x. 146. 

Oniactmaws, Indians, x. 123. 

Onions, great quantities in Barnstable, 
iii. 14. 

Onohoghgwage, or Onohquauga. iv. 65. 
x. 146. 

Onomog, Indian sachem, iv. 46. 

Onondago Indians, v. 18. vii. 123. One 
of the Five Nations, v. 120. vii. 179. 
Consent to the erection of forts in 
their country, vii. 152. Number who 
met Sir William Johnson in 1764. x. 
121. Number employed by the Brit- 
ish, x. 123. Successful expedition 
against, ii. 164. Number in 1794. v. 

Onondago-lake. ix. 124. 

Onondago-river. vii. 95. 131. 

Onoontaugas, or Onondagoes. x. 146. 

Onset in Wareham. i. 232. 

Ontario- lake. vii. 131. 

Ooahoona-island. iv. 243. 

Orangeburg taken by Gen. Sumpter. ii. 

Orangetown described, iii. 240. 

Oranje fort. i. 156. 160. 

Ord, Capt. ii. 186. 

General Index. 


iOrdination, First, of ministers in Massa- 
j chusetts. iii. 67. iv. 135. 219. vi. 

242. ix. 3. 
(Ordination sermons not preached in the 

early periods of New-England, ix. 

jOriskas, outcast Oneidas. v. 18. 

Orleans, viii. 116. Description of. viii. 
186. River, viii. 187. 

|Orne, Deacon, vi. 264. 

jOrne's point, vi. 216. 

!Oromoeto-river. iii. 100. 

jOronoake Indian villages, x. 111. 

jOronoque-river. i 64. 

Orr, Hector, ix. 267. 

|Orr, Hugh. ix. 264. 

Orr, Robert, ix. 267. 

Osborne, Sir Danvers, Gov. of New- 
York, vii. 80. Instructed to obtain 
a permanent salary for the Governour. 
vii. 127. Death, vii. 81. 

I Osborne, George- Jerry, x. 61. 

j Osborne, John. vi. 97. 

Osborne, Samuel, minister in Eastham. 
viii. 183. 191. Character, viii. 195. 

(Osgood, David, viii. 282. 

I Osgood, John. ix. 157. 

I Osgood, Mary. vii. 241. 

iOssnobian- river, iii. 25. 

I Oswald, Richard, ii. 234. 

I Oswego fort. vii. 95. Taken by the 
French, vii. 157. 

Oswego bass. ix. 124. 

| Oswego-falls. i. 2S5. 

I Otis, Harrison- Gray. v. 51. Member of 
Congress, viii. 104. 

Otis, James, of Barnstable, ix. 221. 

Otis, James, of Boston, iii. 301. vi. 70. 

iOtisfield described, iii. 240. 

Otsego-lake. iv. 62. 

Ottagaumies, Indians, ix. 92. 

Ottawagas, Indians, x. 122. 

Ottowaus, Indians, vi. 140. ix. 92. x. 

Ouquagos, Indians, x. 121. 

Ousamaquin. i. 276. See Massassoit. 

Ouschankamang, Indian name of Wind- 
sor, ix. 152. 

Outawawas, or Ottawaus, Indians, vii. 
117, 123. 

Owaneco, or Oneco, claims lands in Con- 
necticut, ix. 81. In the expedition 
against the Narragansets. ix. 88. 

Owen, Dr. minister in London, x. 177. 
His opinion of Cromwell, ix. 9. In- 
vited into New-England, vi. 262. 

Owussumug, John, Indian, ix. 198. 

Oxenbridge, John, minister in Boston, 
iii. 257. vi. (5.) Ordained, ix. 193. 
Popular, iv. 217. viii. 277. Author. 
iii. 300. 

Oxford, Indian name of. i. 189. 

Oxford, village in New- Bedford, iv. 232. 

Oyster-bay. iii. 13. viii. 141. 

Oyster-pond. viii. 147. 150. 


Pabodie, William, ix. 205. 

Pachawesit in Sandwich, i. 231. 

Pachet-brook. x. 114. 

Packachoog, Indian town. i. 192. S;e 

Packard, Asa. iv. 47. 

Packard, Elijah, iv. 131. 

Packeen-river. ix. 162. 

Paddock, Iohabod. iii. 157. 

Paddy, William, iv. 111. 

Paine, Robert-Treat, viii. 177. 

Paine, Thomas, Arguments in favour of 
independence, ii. 68. Offends the 
French ambassadour. ii. 159. Goes 
to France, ii. 233. 

Paint their faces, Indians, i. 153. iii. 
236. vii. 180. 198. viii. 228. 230. 

Painted-post, township in New-York, 
ix. 123. 

Pakemit or Punkipog, Indian town. i. 
171. 184. ix. 160. 

Palmer, Edward, v. 232. 

Palmer, Gen. viii. 135. 

Palmer, John. x. 60. 

Palmer, Thomas, iii. 149. 

Parnet, Indian territory near Cape-Cod. 
iii. 118. 200. viii. 159. 256. Indians 
of, join in the conspiracy against the 
English, viii. 262. 

Pamet-river. i. 257. iii. 196. viii. 113. 
211. 213. 

Paniese. viii. 242. See Pinese. 

Panquash, Sagamore, vii. 199. 

Panther- river, iii. 239. 

Paper- money first issued by Congress, 
ii. 56. Counterfeited by the British, 
ii. 103. Went out of circulation, ii. 225. 

Papooses, Indian little children, iii. 211. 
vii. 189. 

Paradise- hill. vi. 218. _ 

Paramaribo described, i. 61. 

Pariahnes, Indians, vi. 14. 

Paris, , minister of Salem village. 

vi. 266. 

Paris, Noyes. x. 87. 

Paris in New- York. v. 21. 

Park, Daniel, v. 145. 158. 

Parker, Capt. ii. 232. 

Parker, Hyde, Commodore, arrives at 
Savannah, ii. 155. Issues, with Camp- 
bell, a proclamation, ii. 163. Returns 
to England, ii. 166. 

Parker, James, printer, vi. 76. 

Parker, James, preacher, x. 38. 

Parker, John. i. 252. 255. 

Parker, Lieut. Col. ii. 91. 

Parker, Noah. x. 62. 

Parker, Sir Peter, Commodore, arrives 
at Cape-Fear. ii. 64. Repulsed at 
Charleston, ii. 65. vi. 163. Arrives 
at Staten-Island. ii. 72. Takes pos- 
session of Rhode-Island, ii. 84. 

Parker, Samuel, minister in Boston, iii. 
263. Bishop, x. 53. 


General Index. 

Parker, Samuel, minister in Province- 
town, viii. 202. 

Parker, Thomas, minister of Newbury. 
vi. 273. vii. 242. x. 26. Inclined to 
Presbyterianism. ix. 48. 

Parker, William, x. 53. 

Parker's island, i. 251. vii. 165. 

Parker's river, viii. 131. 

Parkman, Ebenezer. x. 85. 89. 

Parks, Paul. x. 60. 

Parliament declares the Colonies to be in 
a state of rebellion, ii. 63. 

Parmelin, John. x. 96. 

Parmenius, Memoir of. ix. 49. 

Parr, Col. Gov. of Nova- Scotia, iii. 102. 

Parris, , minister of Salem village. 

v. 75. vi. 266. 

Parsons, Eben. v. 291. 

Parsons, Joseph, i. 266. 

Parsons, Theophilus. viii. 98. 

Partridge, , one of the Congress at 

Albany, vii. 76. 203. 

Partridge, Ralph, minister of Duxbor- 
ough. viii. 278. x. 26. Account of. 
ii. 7. Character, iv. 111. Member of 
Cambridge Synod, iv. 135. 

Pascatoquack Indians subject to the 
Pawtuckets. i. 149. 

Pascatoquack settled by the English. 
viii. 276. x. 38. 

Pasquotank-river. iii. 86. 

Passadumky- river, ix. 208. 

Passamaquoddy, De Monts lands at. ix. 

Passamaquoddy bay, rivers, and islands, 
iii. 95. 

Passamaquoddy Indians, ix. 220. Num- 
ber, i. 211. Condition, ix. 209. 

Passicus, Sachem, v. 237. 

Paterson, Col. interview with Gen. 
Washington, ii. 70. Summons fort 
Washington, ii. 81. 

Paterson, Gen. ii. 125. 

Patrick, Daniel, vii. 10. 

Patten, Capt. vii. 154. 156. 

Patterson. Gen. ii. 185. 

Patterson, Judge, v. 123. 

Pattison, Gen. ii. 215. 

Patucket-river. v. 239. 240. 

Patuxet, Indian name of Plymouth, iv. 
108. Several of the Indians kidnap- 
ped by Hunt. viii. 160. 227. 238. In- 
habitants of, destroyed by a pestilence, 
viii. 226. 

Paugasset, Number of Indians in. x. 111. 

Paugautuck river, v. 238. 239. See 

Paul, Silas, Indian minister, i. 140. 206. 
iii. 150. 

Paulding, John. ii. 194. 

Paulus- hook fort taken, ii. 171. 

Pauquatuck, or Paukatuck, river, i. 278. 
v. 234. 249. See Pawcutuk. _ 

Pauquaunuch, Number of Indians in. 
x. 112. 

Pautucket-river. v. 216. See Patucket. 

Pawcutuk-river. i. 147. 

Pawkunnawkut Indians, Account of. i. 
148. See Pokanocket and Wampo- 

Pawpoesit, Indian town. i. 197. 231. 

Pawtuket Indians, Account of. i. 148. 
At war with the Maquas. i. 162. 

Pay son, Edward, minister of Rowley. 
v. 207. x. 67. Death, ix. 182. 

Payson, Philips, ix. 197. Minister of 
Walpole. ix. 186. 

Pea, Beach, viii. 145. 

Peace, Provisional articles of, between 
the United States and Great-Britain 
signed, ii. 234. iii. 245. Definitive 
treaty of, signed, ii. 243. 

Peach's point, vi. 221. 

Peaked-hill. viii. 111. Bars. iv. 42. 

Pearce's hollow, viii. 114. 

Pearson, Eliphalet. x. 191. 

Peat in Massachusetts, vii. 2. viii. 148. 
191. x. 76. 

Peccary, i. 63. vi. 3. 

Peck, William-Dandridge. v. 291. 

Peck's- kill, British expedition against, 
ii. 94. 

Pecksuot, Indian of Massachusetts, viii. 
268. Killed, viii. 269. 272. 

Peegun-plain. x. 135. 

Peirce, , master of ship Lion. viii. 

40. 44< 

Peirce, Capt. of Scituate. vi. 89. 

Peirce, Thomas, x. 53. 

Pemberton, Ebenezer, minister of Old- 
South church, Boston, iii. 258. x. 
190. Ordained, ix. 195. Author, 
iii. 300. Character, vii. 57. x. 164. 

Pemberton, Ebenezer, minister of New- 
Brick church, Boston, iii. 261. x. 190. 
Author, iii. 301. 

Pemberton, Thomas. F. H. S. Memoir 
of. x. 190. 

Pembroke, Number of Indians in. i. 

Pempotowwuthut, Indian name of Al- 
bany, ix. 100. 

Pendleton, Brian, x. 39. 

Pendleton, James, x. 43. 

Penhallow, Capt. vi. 114. 

Penhallow, Samuel, x. 52. 53. 

Penn, , of the Congress at Albany. 

vii. 76. 203. 

Penn, John. ii. 113. 

Penn, Richard, examined before the 
House of Lords, ii. 58. 

Penn, William, viii. 2. 4. 

Pennahannit, Indian, i. 184. 188. 

Pennakook Indians subject to the Paw- 
tuckets. i. 149. At war with the 
Maquas. i. 162. 

Pennsylvania Legislature consisted of 
two branches, i. 75. Line of the 
army revolts, ii. 203. 

General Index. 


Penobscot taken possession of by the 

| British, ii 171. Massachusetts expe- 

j dition against fails, ii. 172. vi. 175. 

£enobscot-bay. ix. 208. 

?enobscot Indians, History of. ix. 207. 

3 Treaty with, 1693. ix. 231. Peace 

] concluded with, 1726. vi. 108. Treaty 

I with, 1749. ix. 220. Many remove 

i into Canada, x. 115. Language, ix. 
i Penobscot- river, ix. 207. 

rentaguevette, or Penobscot settled by 
it the French, ix. 210. 

;?entrey, William, vii. 10. 

jPepper, Robert, vi. 208. 

•fepperell, William, first settler of Isles 

I of Shoals, vii. 249. 253. 

Fepperell, William, General, i. 5. vii. 

| 253. Army sails for Cape-Breton, i. 

I 13. Arrives at Canso. i. 14. At Cape- 

I Breton, i. 26. Summons the garrison 
of Louisbourg to surrender, i. 27. 
<l Takes the town. i. 110. 

requot Indians, Account of. i. 147. 

| Number of their fighting men. ix. 77. 

I Their league with the Moheagans pre- 

I vented by R. Williams, i. 277. War 

with. iv. 273. In which the English 

1 are assisted by the Moheagans and 

] Narragansets. ix. 84. Subdued by 

j the English, i. 246. vii. 233. In- 

1 corporated with the Moheagans and 

\ Narragansets. ix. 82. Oppressed by 
ij TJncas. ix. 83. Their country, iv. 
I 174, v. 240. ix. 80. Extent of it. ix. 

) 79. Massachusetts claims a share in. 

i x. 102. Their number in 1755. x. 
j' 101. In 1762. x. 102. 

fercondiack in Nova-Scotia, x. 115. 
Periwinkle, iii. 225. viii. 192. 
JPerkins, Daniel, ix. 196. 

Perkins, James, v. 291. 

Perkins, John. iii. 301. 

Pernette, Naturalist in Nova-Scotia, iii. 

! 98. 

?errv, John. v. 169, 
pesk-island. i. 232. 

Pestilence among the Indians of New- 
1 England, i. 148. iv. 108. viii. 160. 
I 226. 234. 
°eter, Capt. ii. 204. 

•Peters, Hugh, minister of Salem, vi. 
I 234. 243. 275. x. 18. Arrives in 
New-England, vi. 249. Memoirs of 
I vi. 250. 285. Appears against Mrs. 
I Hutchinson, viii. 9. Sent agent to 
J England, x. 30. Excepted from the 
I act of indemnity, ix. 8. 
peters, William, Secretary of Pennsyl- 
I vania. vii. 181. One of the Congress 
I at Albany, vii. 76. 203. 
Peters, St. village in Cape-Breton, i. 28. 
Petersburg in Virginia, iii. 91. 
Petitcodiack-river. iii. 101. 
Petit-riviere in Nova-Scotia, iii. 97. 

Petroleum in Pennsylvania, iii. 22. 

Pettequamscot. v. 241. 

Pettick's Island, iii. 207. 

Pewins, Indians, x. 122. 

Phelps, George, Samuel, and William. 
ix. 154. 

Philadelphia taken possession of by 
British troops, ii. 117. Evacuated 
by British troops, ii. 141. Ladies 
of, raise contributions for the Ameri- 
can army. ii. 189. Mutiny of con- 
tinental troops in. ii. 232. 

Philip, sachem of the Wamponoags, 
his character. i. 200. Possessed 
Mount Hope. v. 222. 227. Resided 
at in winter, iii. 171. At Cohanat 
during the hunting season, iii. 170. 
171. Treats Mr. Eliot with scorn, 
x. 15. Goes to Nantucket to kill 
John Gibbs. iii. 159. His letters to 
the Gov. of Plymouth, ii. 40. vi. 94. 
His war begins, iii. 148. v. 170. 269, 
vi. 84. His war interrupts the pro- 
gress of Christianity among the In- 
dians, i. 195. Killed, iii. 149. 171. 
v. 224. 271. His war terminates i. 
228. iii. 149. See also vi. 197. 198. 
206. 208. 211. 

Phillips, Col. Gov. of Nova- Scotia, iii. 
101. Forms a council, vi. 121. Sum- 
mons the French inhabitants to take 
the oath of allegiance, vi. 123. Or- 
ders them to choose deputies, vi. 

Phillips, Erasmus, vi. 122. 

Phillips, Gen. ii. 125. Dies. ii. 210. 

Phillips, George, iii. 74. Minister of 
Watertown. ix. 19. 46. Acknowl- 
edges that the church of Rome is a 
true church, x. 2. 

Phillips, John, preaches at Portsmouth, 
x. 55. Founder of Exeter Academy, 
iv. 96. 

Phillips, Mrs. viii. 40. 

Phillips, Walter, vii. 169. 

Philological Society in Middleborough. 
iii. 3. 

Phips, Spencer, Lieut. Gov. of Massa- 
chusetts, iii. 194. Concludes a treaty 
with the Eastern Indians, ix. 219. 
221. 223. 

Phips, Sir William, conquers the East- 
ern country, ix. 231. 251. Gov. of 
Massachusetts, iii. 194. vi. 272. x. 
66. An honest man. iii. 130. 

Piambohu, Indian, i. 185. v. 264. ix. 

Pickens, Col. defeats Royalists in Geor- 
gia, ii. 163. In the battle of Cow- 
pens, ii. 204. Gen. in the battle of 
Eutaw-Springs. ii. 218. See also ii. 

Pickering, John. x. 48. 

Pickering, Timothy, F. H. S. v. 292. 
Secretary of State, vi. 219. 


General Index. 

Pickering-fort. vi. 229. 

Pickering's-hill. vi. 214. 

Pickering's mill-dam. x. 39. 

Pickering's-point. vi. 217. 

Pictou in Nova-Scotia, x. 116. Har- 
bour, iii. 97. 98. 101. 

Pierce, Capt. makes the first almanack 
published in America, vi. 231. vii. 19. 

Pierce, Edward, ix. 167. 

Pierce, John. ix. 191. 

Pierce, Richard, graduated, ix. 186. 
minister in Dartmouth, iv. 235. 

Piercy, Gen. Earl. ii. 81. 84. Embarks 
for England, ii. 102. 

Pieronnet, Thomas, x. 192. 

Pierrepont, Joe. i. 111. 

Pierson, Abraham, minister of Bran- 
ford, attempts to convert the Indians 
of Connecticut. i. 172. 207. His 
salary, i. 218. See also ix. 192. 

Pigeons abound in New-England, iii. 
220. viii. 45. In New- York. iv. 62. 

Pigot, Admiral, ii. 233. 

Pigot, , minister in Marblehead. 

viii. 76. 

Pigwacket Indians, ix. 210. 

Pike, minister of Dover, x. 66. 

Pillars of churches in New- Haven col- 
ony, x. 92. 

Pinchon, Mrs. viii. 40. 

Pine-hill. vi. 213. 

Pine-pond. x. 76. 

Pine-swamp, vi. 213. 

Pinese, an Indian warriour. viii. 242. 
And counsellor, viii. 262. 

Pinney, Humphrey, ix. 150. 154. 

Piracy -bill, American, passed by Parlia- 
ment, ii. 92. 

Piscataonis- river, ix. 208. 

Piscataqua, Tax of, 1645. i. 102. 

Piscataqua Indians, ix. 210. See Pas- 

Pispogut, Indian town. i. 198. 231. 

Pisquid in Nova-Scotia, x. 80. 

Pitkin, Lieut. Gov. of Connecticut, vii. 
76. 203. 

Pitkin, William, vii. 238. 239. 

Pitkin, , minister of Farmington. x. 


Pittsburgh, iii. 22. 

Plague, Great, among the Indians of 
New-England, viii. 160. See pesti- 

Piankishaws, Indians, x. 123. 

Plant, Matthias, ix. 188. 

Plantain, ix. 245. 

Plaster of Paris in Nova-Scotia, iii. 98. 

Platform of Church Discipline, Cam- 
bridge, composed, vii. 25. Account 
of. x. 2. 7. 

Pleasant- bay. viii. 116. 145. 187. 188. 

Pleasant- point, iii. 141. 

Plum in New- York. ix. 122. 

Plum- valley, viii. 115. 

Plummer, William, x. 192. 

Plural of nouns how formed in the In- 
dian languages, iii. 222. viii. 192.| lrc 

193. ix. 92. 100. 1 16 
Plymouth church, History of. iv. 107. P ( 

vii. 263. W 

Plymouth Colony, Mourt's History of. 1 ° 
viii. 203. Winslow's History of. viii.|°P 
239. Settled, viii. 37. Sickness dur-|°P 
ing the first winter, viii. 43. Gov.|°P 
Bradford's History of from 1624 tofP 
1630. iii. 27. Character of the first |°P 
settlers, iii. 152. Bounds settled p 
between, and Rhode-Island, i. 279. I 1 ' 
Contains much barren land. iii. 152. |°I 
viii. 163. List of Governours. iii.f 0( ! 

194. Towns in 1686. viii. 152. 
Plymouth county, No executions in, ' 0I 

during sixty years, iii. 152. 

Plymouth-harbour, ii. 5. viii. 220. 

Plvmouth Indians, i. 148. viii. 159. 
Progress of the gospel among them, 
i. 196. Number of Christian congre- 
gations in 1684. iii. 185. In 1698. 
x. 133. Number of Indians in 1792. 
i. 201. 230. 

Plymouth town begins, iv. 108. viii. 
221. Sacrifice rocks near. iv. 59. 
viii. 120. 

Pocassett. vi. 85. 

Pocassett in Sandwich, viii. 122. See 

Pochet purchased, viii. 164. Part of 
Orleans, viii. 187. 

Pochet Island, viii. 117. 188. 189. Pur- 
chased, viii. 169. 

Pocumptuck Indians, x. 105. See Po- 

Podunk Indians, tributary to Uncas. ix. 
85. Number of. x. 105. 

Podunk- meadow and pond. i. 269. 272. 

Podunk- river, v. 167. 

Poginouch Indians, x. 116. 

Pohgneit, Caleb, Indian, x. 133. 

Pohomoosh in Nova- Scotia, x. 116. 

Pokanocket, Indian town. viii. 243. 
Journey of Winslow and Hopkins to. 
viii. 232. Of Winslow and Hamden 
to. viii. 258. 

Pokanocket Indians, viii. 159. 160. See 
Pawkunnawkuts and Wamponoags. 

Pokesset in Sandwich, i. 231. viii. 128. 

Pokomtakuke Indians, i. 148. 160. At 
war with the Maquas. i. 162. 

Polaski, Count, operations near Charles- 
ton, ii. 166—168. Mortally wounded. " 
ii. 180. vi. 185. 

Pole, William, epitaph, ii. 9. Charac- 
ter, ix. 193. 

Poliander, professor of divinity, iv. 134. 

Pomeroy, , minister, v. 171. 

Pomeroy, Col. ii. 44. 

Pomham, Indian, vi. 207. 

Pompociticut, Indian name of Stow. x. 

Pond, village in Tiuro. iii. 195. viii. 209. 

General Index. 


onkipog Indians receive a grant of land 

from Dorchester, i. 100. ii. 9. ix. 

160. See Punkapaog. 
oodatook Indians, Number of. x. 112. 
oor, Gen. ii. 125. 175. In the battle 

of Monmouth, ii. 144. 
ope, Joseph, iii. 265. 
ope's-head. vi. 222. 
opham, George. i. 251. 
opkin, John-Snelling. x. 192. 
opmonet, Caleb, Indian, x. 133. 
opmonet, Simon, Indian, iii. 190. x. 


opponessit in Marshpee. i. 231. 
oquau. iii. 224. See Quahaug. 
oquannock in Windsor, v. 169. 
orpoise, Cape, River, iii. 139. 
ortail, Du, Gen. ii. 225. 
orter, John. v. 217. 
orter-lake. iii. 97. 
orter's-river. vi. 216. 
ortland, Duke of, protests against the 

manifesto of the British commission- 
ers, ii. 157. Prime minister, ii. 234. 
ort-royal in Jamaica, iv. 223. 
ort-royal in South- Carolina, Col. Skir- 

ving defeats British on. ii. 163. 
ortsmouth, New-Hampshire, Account 

of the religious societies in. x. 37. 

Bills of mortality for. ix. 236. 
ortsmouth, Rhode- Island, begins, v. 

ortsmouth, Yirginia, Fort at, taken, ii. 

ortugal, King of, forbids all intercourse 

between his dominions and the Uni- 
ted States, ii. 69. 
osey, Col. ii. 232. 

otanumaquut, Indian town. i. 197. 

198. viii. 159. 164. 188. Number of 

Indians in, at different periods, i. 201. 

230. iv. 66. viii. 173. 175. x. 112. 


otanumaquut-beach. viii. 116. 

otaquamscut- purchase, v. 217. 

ot-ash manufactured in Massachusetts. 

i. 114. 239. iii. 169. 

otatoes in the Sandwich-Islands, ix. 


ota wock- lake. iii. 97. 

otter, Gen. ii. 175. 

rtterfield, Col. ii. 190. 

>twine, Thomas, v. 169. 

oughkeeste in Sandwich, i. 231. 

owell, , chosen pastor of Old-North 

church, Boston, x. 25. 

owell's creek, iii. 85. 

owhatan, sachem, iii. 87. 

ownal, John. vii. 86. 

ownal, Thomas, character, vii. 86. 

Enemy to Shirley, vii. 134. Goes to 

England, vii. 145. Returns to Amer- 
ica, vii. 157. Gov. of Massachusetts. 
iii. 194. vi. 45. See also vi. 189. vii. 

Pownalborough. vii. 167. See Wiscas- 

Pownal-harbour. i. 230. 

Powows, Indian priests and physi- 
cians, i. 133. 154. iii. 227. 237. iv. 
274. viii. 260. x. 109. Oppose Mr. 
Eliot, v. 258. viii. 14. x. 13. Pro- 
hibited by the General Court of Mas- 
sachusetts, i. 178. 

Pratt, Benjamin, iii. 301. 

Pratt, John. vii. 10. 

Praying Indians in Connecticut, Number 
of. i. 209. 

Praying Indians at Martha's Vineyard, 
their number and names of their 
towns, i. 204. 205. Number of their 
places of publick worship, iii. 185. 

Praying Indians in Massachusetts, i. 
168. Law passed for establishing 
courts among them. i. 177. viii. 15. 
x. 13. Their civil government, i. 177. 
x. 128. They submit to the govern- 
ment of Massachusetts, i. 179. Town- 
ships of land granted to them. i. 100. 
179. The number and names of their 
towns and churches, i. 180. iii. 185. 
Their manner of worship, i. 183. iii. 
184. Whence their teachers are 
chosen, i. 183. iii. 184. Their state, 
iii. 180. 181. 188. Their hardships 
during Philip's war. i. 228. viii. 30. 

Praying Indians at Nantucket, their 
number, and the names of their towns. 
i. 205. 206. 207. Number of their 
places of publick worship, iii. 185. 

Praying Indians in Plymouth, their 
number and names of their towns, i. 
196. Number of their places of pub- 
lick worship, iii. 185. See also x. 
124. 129. 

Preble, Capt. i. 236. 

Preble, Commodore, x. 185. 

Prentice, John. x. 85. 89. 

Prentice, Thomas, v. 270. 

Prentiss, Joshua, iii. 19. 

Presbyterian church formed in Boston, 
iii. 262. 

Prescott, Capt. iv. 16. 

Prescott, Col. defeats Col. Allen, ii. 58. 
Taken prisoner by Gen. Montgomery, 
ii. 58. Exchanged, ii. 79. Gen. ii. 
84. Commands at Newport, ii. 102. 
Taken prisoner, ii. 107. Exchanged. 
ii. 85. 
Prescott, Dr. v. 108. 

Prescott, , minister, iv. 219. 

Preston, Col. ii. 91. 
Preston, Thomas, kills several inhabi- 
tants of Boston, ii. 44. Tried, ii. 45. 
Preston's point, ix. 163. 
Presumscot Indians, ix. 210. 
Prevost, Gen. takes possession of Sun- 
bury, ii. 155. His progress towards 
Charleston, ii. 166. Retreats to Sa- 
vannah, ii. 168. Repulses D'Estaing 


General Index. 

and Lincoln, in their attack on Savan- 
nah, ii. 179. Goes to St. Augustine, 
ii. 182. 

Price, Dr. ix. 272. 

Price, Ezekiel. viii. 66. F. H. S. v. 
291. Notice of. viii. 85. 

Price, Roger, minister in Boston, iii. 
259. viii. 77. Preaches in Hopkin- 
ton. iv. 16. 

Priestly, Dr. ix. 261. 

Prince and Bos worth of Hull. vi, 127. 

Prince, John, minister in Salem, vi. 274. 
viii. 52. F. H. S. v. 291. 

Prince, Joseph, viii. 64. 

Prince, Nathan, x. 165. 

Prince, Thomas, Gov. of Plymouth, iii. 
194. Settles Eastham. iv. 113. viii. 
164. Memoirs of. viii. 166. 

Prince, Thomas, minister in Boston, iii. 
193. 258. Author, iii. 300. Publishes 
his Annals, i. 2. Revises the New- 
England Psalms, vii. 20. His histori- 
cal manuscripts nearly destroyed, i. 
3. Character, vii. 280. viii. 167. x. 
164. 170. A mistake in his Annals 
pointed out. viii. 211. 

Prince, Thomas, author of Christian His- 
tory, iii. 300. 

Prince- George county, Description of. 
iii. 85. 

Princetown, Battle of. ii. 90. 

Prinler, James, x. 134. 

Printing-press, The first, in New-Eng- 
land erected, vii. 19. In Connecticut. 
v. 216. 

Prophesying, how it differed from preach- 
ing, x. 16. 

Providence, Town of, so named by Roger 
Williams, i. 276. x. 18. Settled, iii. 
152. v. 216. 

Providence- island, v. 216. 

Providence -plantations, Charter obtained 
for. x. 20. 

Provincetown, Description of. viii. 196. 
See also iv. 42. viii. 110. 204. 217. 

Provost, Samuel, bishop, iii. 165. x. 59. 

Prussian-blue, Native, in Massachusetts. 
ix. 256. 

Psalms, New-England version of, print- 
ed, vii. 20. Authors of. viii. 10. 

Pudding-stone, ix. 162. 

Pulling-point. iii. 299. 

Pumpisset in Sandwich, i. 231. 

Punkapaog Indians subject to the Mas- 
sachusetts, i. 148. Law of Massachu- 
setts General Court respecting them. 
i. 177. Praying town. i. 184. iii. 185. 
See Ponkipog. 

Punonakanit, Indian town. i. 196. viii. 
159. 173. 

Purchas, author of Pilgrims, viii. 203. 

Putawawtawmaws, Indians, x. 123. 

Putnam, Israel, Gen. ii. 76. 82. At 
Horse-neck. ii. 161. 

Puyon Indians, x. 123. 

Pynchon, Col. x. 143. 152. 
Pynchon, John. v. 232. 245. 
Pynchon, Stephen, ix. 133. 


Quabaug, or Quaboag, Indians, i. 160 
258. At war with the Maquas. i. 162 
Town. i. 194. vi. 205. Indian name 
of Brookfield. i. 258. 

Quabaug-pond. i. 269. 272. 

Quabaug-river. i. 271. 272. 

Quadequina, Indian, viii. 228. 

Quadrupeds : see Beasts. 

Quahaug. iii. 224. viii. 192. 

Quakers first appear in England, vi. 255. 
In Massachusetts, x. 35. Law with 
penalty of death made against them 
in Massachusetts, vi. 255. Several 
put to death in Boston, vi. 259. 260. 
Not any sanguinary laws made against 
them in Plymouth, iv. 121. Attempt 
to convert the Indians of Martha's 
Vineyard, i. 203. Opposed by Roger 
Williams, x. 22. Order passed against 
them in Rhode- Island, but the people 
would not suffer it to be executed, v. 
219. Charles II. puts a stop to the 
persecution, vi. 260. Build a meet- 
ing-house in Boston, iii. 260. Place 
their justification on their patienc 
and righteousness, viii. 167. 

Quaket in Tiverton, i. 230. 

Quananshet, Indian, vi. 207. 

Quanapaug, James, Indian, vi. 205. 

Quanapu, Thomas, Indian, vi. 206. 

Quansigomog, Indian name of Hopkin- 
ton. iv. 15. 

Quansit in Wareham. i. 232. 

Quantisset, or Quantisick, Indian town, 
i. 190. vi. 207. 

Quapissans, Indians, vi. 14. 

Quashnet- river, i. 232. 

Quason, John, sachem, viii. 151. I73t 
x. 133. 

Quason, Samuel, sachem, x. 114. 

Quebec bill passed by Parliament, vi. 48. 

Quebec city, American unsuccessful at- 
tempt against, ii. 59. vi. 161. Amer- 
icans retreat from. ii. 64. 65. vi. 162 
Number of inhabitants in. vi. 63. 

Quebec province, State of. vi. 48. 

Quenebaug. v. 239. 249. See Quina 

Quequakanewet, sachem, v. 240. 
Quequaquonchet, Indian, viii. 173. 
Quequenah, Indian, x. 132. 
Quesne, Fort du. iii. 22. 
Quibbletown, Action at. ii. 92. 
Quicksand pond. ix. 199. 
Quiliapiack, or Quinnipiack, Indian 

name of New-Haven, iv. 182. 
Quinabaug Indians, iv. 174. River, i. 

190. ix. 129. 
Quinapeake Indians, i. 147. 
Quincy, Edmund, iii. 301. 

General Index, 


Quincy, Josiah. iii. 301. vi. 70. 
Qaincy, Josiah, jun. v. 291. 
Quincy, Samuel, iii. 301. 
Quinsigamond country, i. 115. Pond. 

i. 113. 
Quiros, P. Fernandez de. iv. 238. 
Quisset in Buzzard's Bay. i. 232. 
Quitiquos-pond. iii. 2. 
Quittaub, Number of Indians in. x. 134. 
Quiuquuhs, Indians, x. 146. 
Quivers of the Indians, ix. 102. 
Quivet-creek. viii. 129. 131. 
Quononoquut-island. v. 217. 
Quoy, John, Indian, x. 133. 


R, The letter, not pronounced by many 
of the Indians of New-England, ix. 
99. iii. 223. 

Race-point, iv. 42. viii. 110. 197. 

Rackoon-island. iii. 297. 

Ragged-island, iii. 297. 

Rail- hill. vi. 214. 

Rainsford- island, iii. 297. 299. 

Raleigh, Sir Walter, ix. 52. 

Ralle, French Jesuit, v. 112. Killed. 
ix. 209. 

Ralph, John, Indian, x. 112. 

Ram-island, vi. 222. 

Ramsay, David, v. 292. 

Ramsay, Ephraim. v. 292. 

Rand, Isaac, v. 291. 

Rand, William, minister of Kingston, 
iv. 130. Character, x. 159. 

Randal, Abraham, ix. 154. 

Randolph. Edward, v. 232. 244. A spy 
of the English court, viii. 278. Visits 
New- Hampshire, vi. 92. Exhibits to 
the Lords of the Council articles of 
high misdemeanour against several 
members of the Massachusetts Gen- 
eral Court, i. 229. Appointed king's 
counsellor, v. 245. 

Ratcliffe, Robert, iii. 259. 

Rattlesnake-hill. iii. 239. 

Raumaug in Connecticut, x. 112. 

Rawdon, Lord, action with Gen. Greene 
at Waxhaws. ii. 209. Evacuates 
Camden, ii. 211. Marches to Ninety- 
Six, ii. 212. Orders the execution 
of Col. Hayne. ii. 215. Taken pris- 
oner, ii. 217. 

Raw son, Grindall, minister of Mendon. 
viii. 173. x. 129. 

Rawson, Grindall, minister of Yarmouth, 
v. 60. 

Ray, Caleb, iv. 188. 

Raymondton described, iii. 239. 

Raynal, Abbe. vi. 152. 

Raynes, Joseph, x. 44. 

Raynham, Description of. iii. 166. Old 
Indian wear in. viii. 234. 

Razier, Isaac de. iii. 54. 

Razor-shell, viii. 192. 

Read, John. iii. 300. 

Read, Joseph, ii. 146. 

Redhead, Indian, vii. 99. 118. 

Red- bank, British and Hessians repulsed 
in attack upon. ii. 126. Abandoned 
by the Americans, ii 129. 

Redinge, Joseph, vii. 10. 

Red-river, viii. 148. 

Red-stone- creek, vi. 140. 

Reed, Solomon, iii. 150. 

Regulating laws recommended by Con- 
gress, ii. 158. 

Rehoboth, Indian name of. i. 276. 

Reiners, or Foxer3, Indians, x. 123. 

Religion of the Indians, i. 123. 136. 
154. iii. 205. 206. 209. 213. 216. 217. 
223. 226. 229. iv. 72. v. 14. viii. 264. 
ix. 218. x. 23. 108. 120. 

Renown man of war driven from Boston- 
harbour, ii. 65. 

Rensselaer, John. vii. 110. 

Revere, Paul. v. 106. 

Revil, , goes to England, viii. 40. 

Revival of religion in New- England, 
General, x. 55. 

Reyner, John, minister of Plymouth, x. 
174. Character, iv, 110. 118. 

Rhode- Island purchased of the Indians. 
x. 20. Settled, iii. 152. v. 216. An 
asylum for the persecuted, i. 280. 
List of Governours. vi. 144. The 
government very popular, i. 75. The 
island taken possession of by British 
troops, ii. 84. Attempt to dispossess 
them planned, but not executed, ii. 
126. Unsuccessful expedition against. 
ii. 148. Battle, ii. 149. Evacuated 
by British troops, ii. 180. 

Rhode- Island colony, Indians of. i. 147. 
Not disposed to embrace Christianity, 
i. 210. Their number at different 
periods, i. 210. In 1774. x. 119. 
See Narraganset. 

Rice, Asaph, x. 86. 

Rice, Ebenezer. x. 86. 

Rice, Eber. ix. 144. 

Rice, Jacob, x. 86. 

Rice, Thomas, x. 86. 

Rice, Timothy, sachem, x. 86. 

Rich, Obadiah. x. 192. 

Richards, , of Dorchester, ix. 150. 

Richards, George, x. 62. 

Richards, James, v. 229. 

Richards, John. x. 95. 

Richards, Judge, v. 76. 

Richards, Nathaniel, vii. 10. 

Richardson, Gideon, graduated, x. 87. 
Minister in Wells, iii. 139. 

Richibouctou in Nova-Scotia, vi. 136. 

Richmond, Duke of. ii. 157. 

Richmond in Virginia, iii. 85. 86. 

Right hand of fellowship given at ordi- 
nations in New-England, vi. 242. iv. 

Ripley, Ezra. i. 240. ix. 145. 

Ripley, Lincoln, ix. 144. 

VOL. X. 



General Index, 

Rishebucta, or Eichibouctou. x. 115. 

Ritney, Major, ii. 94. 

Bobbins, Ammi-Rubamah. viii. 51. 

Robbins, Chandler, iv. 132. 

Robbins, James, ix. 143. 

Robbins, Jonathan, ix. 138. 

Robbins, Lieut, ix. 144. 

Robbins, Nathaniel, viii. 277. 280. 

Robbins, Philemon, iv. 132. 

Roberts, Daniel, ix. 157. 

Roberts, Josiah. iv. 241. 249. 

Robertson, Dr. ix. 40. 

Robey, Henry, x. 44. 

Robinson, Andrew, ix. 234. 

Robinson, Capt. ii. 221. 

Robinson, Edward, ix. 165. 

Robinson, James, Dr. ix. 186. 

Robinson, James, Major, ix. 165. 

Robinson, John, goes to Holland, iv. 
115. 135. Minister of the English 
church at Leyden. iv. 108. 114. Dis- 
putes with Episcopius. iv. 134. vii. 
269. His sentiments of church gov- 
ernment agreeable to the Cambridge 
platform, iv. 135. Death, iii. 39. 40. 
41. 44. iv. 109. Character, vii. 267. 
269. 276. ix. 16. 17. His church the 
first settlers of Plymouth, ii. 4. viii. 

Robinson, John, minister of Duxbo- 
rough. ii. 8. ix. 183. 

Roby, Thomas, viii. 154. 

Rochambeau, Gen. arrives at Newport. 
ii. 188. At York-town. ii. 222. See 
also ii. 211. 226. 

Rocket, , of Wrentham. x. 138. 


Rock-harbour-river, viii. 155. 189. 

Rock-hill. ix. 150. 152. 

Rockingham, Marquis of, defends the 
right of Parliament to tax the colonies, 
ix. 282. Condemns the manifesto of 
the British Commissioners, ii. 156. 
Succeeds Lord North, ii. 226. Death, 
ii. 234. 

Rocks, Point of, in Salem, vi. 216. 

Rockweed in Maine, iv. 144. 

Rockwell, William, ix. 152. 

Rodney, Admiral, ii. 225. 

Roe, Stephen, iii. 260. 

Rogers, , of Connecticut, ix. 81. 

Rogers, , minister at Plymouth, iv. 

109. vii. 277. 

Rogers, Capt. vii. 124. 147. 

Rogers, Daniel, of Portsmouth, x. 67. 

Rogers, Daniel, minister of Exeter, iv. 

Rogers, Ezekiel. ix. 47. x. 26. 

Rogers, George, x. 67. 

Rogers, John, first martyr in Mary's 
reign, x. 67. 

Rogers, John, of Dedham, England, x. 

Rogers, John, president of Harvard Col- 
lege, vii. 27. x. 67. 

Rogers, John, minister of Ipswich, v. 
207. vii. 60. x. 34. Eminent man. 
x. 170. 

Rogers, John, minister of Kittery. x. 70. 

Rogers, Judge, x. 67. 

Rogers, Lieut. Col. ii. 81. 

Rogers, Nathaniel, minister of Ipswich, 
x. 67. Death, x. 34. 

Rogers, Nathaniel, minister in Ports- 
mouth, x. 46. Epitaph, x. 49. His 
children, x. 67. 

Rogers, Nathaniel, physician, x. 67. 

Rogers, , printer, vi. 69. 

Roger- Williams bank. x. 23. 

Roman Catholick church in Boston, iii. 

Roots, Esculent, in New-England, i. 
118. iii. 77. 

Ropes of the Indians, viii. 212. 

Ross, Alexander, x. 184. 

Ross, , clerk of the Council, Mary- 
land, vii. 171. 

Ross, Major, ii. 222. 

Rossignol lake. iii. 97. 

Rossiter, or Rosseter, Bray. ix. 18. 150. 

Rossiter, Bryan, x. 93. 96. 

Rossiter, Josiah. x. 99. 

Rossiter, Edward, viii. 40. 

Rotch, J. of New-Bedford, iv. 236. 

Round-pond. ix. 199. 

Round-swamp, vi. 213. 

Rouse, Capt. in the expedition against 
Cape-Breton, i. 23. 30. Appointed 
to the command of the Vigilant, x. 

Rowland, David- Sherman, v. 168. 

Rowland, Henry-Augustus, v. 168. 

Rowland, William-Prederick. iv. 88. 

Roxbury. viii. 7. ix. 21. Settled, viii. 
39. Church gathered, vii. 15. 

Royal, Isaac, ix. 166. 

Royal, William, ix. 187. 

Ruggles, Benjamin, iii. 150. 

Ruggles, John, daughter of. viii. 44. 

Ruggles, Thomas. _ iv. 188. x. 94. 

Ruggles, Thomas, jun. iv. 188. x. 94. 

Rum, Indians wasted by. x. 147. See 

Rumford, Count, v. 292. 

Rupture-wort. viii. 197. 

Rush, Benjamin, iv. 201. 

Russell, Eleazer. x. 64. 

Russell, Ezekiel. vi. 73. 75. 

Russell, Job, Indian, x. 132. 

Russell, John. iii. 259. 

Russell, Jonathan, minister in Barnsta- 
ble, iii. 16. x. 64. Eminent man. 
x. 169. 

Russell, Jonathan, jun. iii. 16. 

Russell, Joseph, vi. 70. 

Russell, Lieut. Col. ii. 129. 

Russell, Samuel, x. 95. 

Russell, William, v. 168. 

Rutawoo-river. iv. 183. 

General Index. 


! Rutland harassed by the Indians, i. 264. 
i Rutledge, Edward, interview with Lord 
Howe at Staten-island. ii. 75. Gov. 
! of South- Carolina, ii. 166. 
jRymes, Christopher, x. 59. 
jRyswick, Peace of. vi. 271. 

5 Sabbath, how observed in Rhode-Island. 
| i. 28 L 

I Sables, Cape. iii. 95. 
I Sachem, or king-bird. iii. 220. 
I Sachems, Extent of the authority of. iv. 
I 168. v. 21. vii. 76. viii. 236. 
$Sachem's-head harbour, x. 100. 
" Sackville fort taken, ii. 161. 

Saco, The tax of, 1645. i. 102. 

Saconeset-point. x. 131. 
I Saconet Indians submit to the govern- 
I ment of Plymouth, v. 193. State of, 
in 1698. x. 129. Number in 1700. 
x. 114. Account of. ix. 204. 
•I Sacrament- lake. vi. 136. 
I Sacrifice rocks of the Indians, iv. 59. 

viii. 120. 
I Saddle-back-mountain, iii. 240. 
jSaffin, John, v. 231. 235. 247. 

Sagadahoc, i. 251. 

■ Sagamore, or Witch-creek, x. 46. 

\ Sag- harbour, British stores destroyed at. 

ii. 102. 
iSagkonate. ix. 199. See Sogkonate. 
IjSahnchecontucket. x. 132. See San- 

• Sahquatucket. x. 133. See Sawka- 

Sailor's-island. iii. 297. 
•Saint- Ambrose- island, iv. 257. 
J Saint- Andrew's, New- Brunswick, iii. 

. Saint- Anne's, New-Brunswick, iii. 99. 

■ Saint-Clair, Gen. evacuates Ticonder- 

oga. ii. 106. vi. 169. 

\ Saint- Clair, Sir John. vii. 100. Deputy 
Quatter Master General, vii. 131. 

i Saint- Croix-river. iii. 95. 
Saint- George's- river, iv. 21. 

j Saint- Felix- island, iv. 256. 

'Saint-Francis Indians, ix. 226. Their 
language, ix. 92. 

i Saint- John's in New-Brunswick, iii. 99. 

x. 82. 
Saint- John's island, x. 82. 

i Saint- John's river, iii. 99. ix. 207. 

:| Saint-Leger, Lieut. Col. ii. 97. Attacks 
fort Stanwix. ii. 112. vi. 170. 

1 Saint- Luc, Mons'r. ii. 124. 

j Saint- Peter's on Cape-Breton, i. 6. De- 
stroyed, i. 28. 

i Saint- Pierre, Mons'r. vii. 111. 
Saint- Simon, Marquis de. ix. 106. 
Sakonet. i. 200. See Saconet. 

: Salem, Description and history of. vi. 
212. Settled, iii. 66. 77. The name 
and soil. i. 117. State in 1629. i. 123. 

First ordination of ministers, iii. 67. 
ix. 2. Religious character of its first 
inhabitants, x. 16. Gov. Winthrop's 
company land at. viii. 39. Church 
calls Roger Williams, ix. 20. 23. A 
water-mill, glass-house, and salt- 
works erected, vi. 251. Thirteen 
ketches taken by the Indians, vi. 
263. Indian deed. vi. 278. Account 
of the century lecture, iv. 219. 

Salem-neck. vi. 218. 

Salem village, vi. 233. Witchcraft in. 
vi. 265. 

Saltonstall, Gurdon, Gov. of Connecti- 
cut, v. 207. viii. 82. ix. 81. Death, 
ix. 197. 

Saltonstall, Nathaniel, king's commis- 
sioner, v. 232. Counsellor, v. 245. 
Judge, v. 75. vi. 266. 

Saltonstall, Sir Richard, assistant in Mas- 
sachusetts, vi. 95. 256. viii. 41. 45. 
One of the first settlers of Water- 
town, ix. 19. 

Salt-springs at Onondaga, i. 284. ix. 

Salt-works in the county of Barnstable, 
viii. 124. 135. 201. x. 78. In Dor- 
chester, ix. 165. 

Samoset, first Indian who visits Ply- 
mouth, viii. 161. 225. 227. 231. 

Sampson's island, viii. 117. 188. 

Sampson's pond. ix. 254. 

Samson, Ezra. x. 192. 

Samuel, Daniel, Indian, viii. 173. x. 133. 

Sanchecantacket, Indian town. i. 204. 
Number of Indians in. i. 206. 

Sancohsin, Indian, x. 133. 

Sanctuit, Indian town, i. 197. 

Sancumucha, sachem, vi. 208. 

Sandeman, Robert, comes to America, 
x. 61. His epitaph, x. 71. 

Sandemanians in Boston, iii. 264. In 
Portsmouth, x. 61. Their leading 
doctrine, x. 71. 

Sanders, John. viii. 265. 266. 268. 

Sandford's island, x. 131. 

Sandwich, Letter to the Earl of. i. 108. 

Sandwich, Description of. viii. 119. 
Biographical and topographical anec- 
dotes of. iii. 188. Harbour, viii. 123. 
Village, viii. 121. Indians in 169S. 
x. 132. Indian places, i. 197. 199. 
231. viii. 252. 255. 

Sandwich Islands, Natives of. ix. 243. 

Sandy-beach in Rye. x. 46. 

Sandy-neck in Barnstable, iii. 12. 

Sandy-point of Chatham, viii. 117. 145. 

Sandy-point of Nantucket, iii. 153. 158. 

Sanford, Peleg. vi. 145. 

Sanger, Zedekiah. ii. 8. 

Sapokonisk- brook, viii. 169. 

Saramacha-river. i. 65. 

Saratoga, Convention of. ii. 123. 

Sargeant, , minister in Cambridge. 

x. 71. 


General Index. 

Sargent, Judge, v. 76. 

Sargent, , minister of Maiden, x. 26. 

Sargent, Winthrop. v. 292. 

Sartine, Sieur de. ii. 134. 

Sassacus, sagamore of the Pequots. x. 
101. ix. 82. Twenty-six sachems sub- 
ject to him. vii. 233. ix. 84. Makes 
war on the English, iv. 273. Sub- 
dued, iv. 295. 

Satucket in Brewster, x. 72. See Saw- 

Satuit, Indian town. i. 197. 

Saugus, Indian name of Lynn. v. 58. 
Settled, viii. 39. 

Saukies, Indians, ix. 92. 

Sauquish in Plymouth harbour, ii. 5. 

Sausaman, John, Indian, vi. 198. Mur- 
dered, hi. 148 c 

Savage, Capt. ii. 214. 

Savage, Ephraim. v. 113. 

Savage, Habijah. x. 181. 

Savannah taken by Col. Campbell, ii. 
155. D'Estaing and Lincoln repulsed 
in an attack upon. ii. 179. Evacuated 
by the British, ii. 232. 

Saw-fly. v. 287. 

Sawkatucket Indians subject to thePaw- 
kunnawkuts. i. 148. viii. 159. In- 
dian town. i. 197. Number of In- 
dians in 1698. viii. 173. 

Sawpit-hill. x. 135. 

Sawwonnuntoh, western god of the In- 
dians, x. 110, 

Saxes, Indians, x. 122. 

Sayre, , minister in Fairfield, iii. 


Scalping practised by the Maquas. i. 162. 
Not always fatal, i. 163. 

Scammel, Col. action with the British at 
Spicken- devil, ii. 213. Wounded, ix. 
105. Death, ii. 223. ix. 106. 

Scantic-river. v. 167. ix. 154. 

Scanton, or Scorton, hill. iii. 15. 

Scarborough, Charles, v. 145. 159. 

Scargo-hill. viii. 130. 

Scay ace- river, ix. 124. 

Schandaub, sachem, x. 101. 

Schenectady, iv. 53. Described, i. 284. 
iv. 58. vii. 125. 

Schohary described, iv. 53. Indians in 
1766. x. 121. 

Schools erected among the praying In- 
dians, i. 172. x. 127. 

Schooners invented, ix. 234. 

Schuyler, Gen. ordered to advance into 
Canada, ii. 55. vi. 160. Tried and 
acquitted, ii. 107. Commands on the 
Hudson, ii. 28. 

Schuyler, Peter, Colonel, vii. 90. One 
of the grand council of war. vii. 131. 

Schuyler- fort. i. 284. 

Scituate incorporated, ii. 3. Church, 
iv. 111. Return of loss in Philip's 
war. vi. 92. 

Sconticutt-neck. iv. 233. 


Scoodick-river. iii. 95. 100. 

Scorton, or Scanton, hill. i. 232. iii 

Scotland in York. iii. 9. 

Scotland, Bishops of, ejected, iii. 162. 
Persecuted, iii. 163. 

Scott, Col. action with the British at 
Quibble-town. ii. 92. Brig. Gen. ii. 
106. In the battle of Monmouth, ii. 

Scottow, Joshua, iii. 300. 

Scrantom, John. x. 96. 

Scusset, village in Sandwich, i. 231. 
viii. 120. 

Scuttup, sachem, v. 240. 241. 

Seabury, Samuel, bishop, iii. 162. 

Seakonnet. ix. 199. See Saconet. 

Seals at St. Ambrose island, iv. 259. 

Sears, Edward, viii. 136. 

Sears, John. viii. 135. 

Sears, Reuben, viii. 136. 

Sears, Richard, viii. 118. 

Seavey, William, x. 39. 

Sebago-pondj Plantations on described, 
iii. 239. 

Seccomb, John. x. 88. 

Seconchquut in Chilmark. x. 131. 

Secunk, Indian name of Rehoboth. i. 
276. Planted, v. 227. See Sekunk. 

Sedgwick, Theodore, viii. 49. 

Seeby's creek, ix. 123. 

Seekers, Sect of. ix 49. 

Seguin-island. vii. 164. 

Seiver, Col. ii. 198. 

Sekins, Thomas, iii. 150. 

Sekunk-river. i. 147. 

Selden, one of the assembly of divines, 
ix. 45. 

Select men chosen in the towns of New- 
England, ix. 152. At first called 
townsmen, vii. 25. x. 39. 

Seneca Indians, v. 120. vi. 132. vii. 
123. 152. The largest of the Six Na- 
tions, x. 147. Number who met Sir 
William Johnson in 1766. x. 121. 
Number employed by the British, x. 
123. Number in 1794. v. 23. 

Seneca river and lake. ix. 124. 

Sengekontakit, Indian town. i. 204. 
Number of Indians in. i. 206. 

Senter, Isaac, v. 292. 

Sepos, or Sepous, Indians, x. 104. 

Sequassen, sachem, ix. 83. 

Sergeant, John, missionary to the Stock- 
bridge Indians, iv. 55. 71. v. 13. x. 

Serpents in Demerary. vi. 4. In New- 
England, i. 122. iii. 223. 239. In 
Surrinam. i. 63. In Virginia, iii. 86. 
Method of preserving, iv. 9. 

Seruniyattha, Indian chief, vi. 143. 

Sesuet in Dennis, i. 232. 

Sewall, -, Attorney General of Mas- 
sachusetts, vi. 72. 

Sewall, David, of York. x. 69. F. H. S. 
v. 291. 

General Index. 


Sewall, Joseph, minister in Boston, iii. 
I 258. x. 157. Author, iii. 301. 

Sewall, Samuel. Judge, v. 76. x. 175. 

S Author, iii. 300. iv. 198. 

j>ewall, Samuel, bridge- builder, iii. 11. 

Sewall, Stephen, Judge, x. 158. 

Sewall, Stephen, Professor, viii. 74. 

Sewan, or Wompompeague. iii. 54. 

Shabbukin-hill. x. 83. 

Shallop- cove. vi. 216. 
'Shank-painter-swamp, viii. 196. 

Sharon, Wayne's action with the Cher- 
i{ okee Indians at. ii. 232. 

Sharp, Col. ii. 164. 

jSharpe, Horatio, Lieut. Gov. of Mary- 

I land. vii. 100. Member of the grand 

j council of war. vii. 131. 

Sharp, Miss. viii. 44. 

Sharp, Samuel, vi. 243. 

jfeharp, Thomas, vii. 7. viii. 41. 45. 46. 

Iharpless, , portrait painter, viii. 

I 103. 

fhauntam, Joshua, Indian, viii. 173. 
I x. 133. 

$haw, Jeremiah, vii. 258. 

ihaw, Oakes. iii. 16. 

|haw, Philander, viii. 116. Minister of 

; i Eastham. viii. 185. 

$haw, William- Smith, x. 192. 

chawanese Indians, vii. 74. 153. Per- 

; suade the Nanticokes to rise against 

I the English, vii. 199. Language, ix. 
I 92. Number employed by the Brit- 

j ish. x. 123. Number in the battle of 
I Miami, x. 123. 

ihawmut, Indian name of Boston, i. 
I 256. iii. 242. Settled, ix. 19. 149. 

Shawshine, Indian name of Billerica. 
I vii. 26. 30. 

Sheder, John. x. 96. 

SheefTe, Jacob, x. 92. 

Sheene, William, vi. 122. 

Sheep, Number of, in New-Englande 

| 1643. i. 247. 

Sheep- island, iii. 297. 

Sheep-pasture in Salem, vi. 213. 

Sheep-pond, x. 76. 

pheepscut- river, i. 253. vii. 164. 

Shelburne, Earl of, friend to the colonies. 

j ii. 71. 103. ix. 282. Prime minister. 
j ii. 234. 

Shelburne in Nova-Scotia, iii. 96. 

Shelby, Col. ii. 198. 

fehelden, Elisha. vii. 238. 

Sheldon, Isaac, ix. 154. 

Shell- fish in Maine, iv. 143. In Massa- 
chusetts, iii. 13. 119. 199. iv. 22. 
viii. 122. 132. 140. 150. 191. 199. 220. 

1 253. In New-England, iii. 224. In 

1 Virginia, iii. 85. Method of preserv- 

j ing. iv. 9. 

Shells, Strata of, in Demerary. vi. 10. 
•1 Found in the wells of Nantucket, iii. 
ii 155. Ridge of, in Surrinam. i. 61. 

Shepard, Mase. ix. 206. 

Shepard, Thomas, minister of Cam- 
bridge, vii. 14. 16. x. 14. Death. 
vii. 26. Memoirs of. vii. 42. Author. 
v. 260. Specimen of his rhymes, viii. 

Shepard, Thomas, minister of Charles- 
town, vii. 46. 53. Death, ix. 193. 

Shequocket in Barnstable, i. 230. 

Sherburne, , one of the Congress at 

Albany, vii. 76. 203. 

Sherburne, Henry, select-man in Ports- 
mouth, x. 39. Church-warden, x. 

Sherburne, Henry, jun. x. 56. 

Sherburne, James, x. 57. 

Sherburne, Major, ii. 64. 

Sherburne, Samuel, x. 53. 

Sherburne in Massachusetts, iii. 185. 

Sherley, James, iii. 34. 

Sherlock, Bishop, ix. 188. 

Sherman, , minister of Sudbury, x. 


Sherman, Caleb, ix. 133. 
• Sherman, Isaac, iv. 48. 

Sherman, Roger, assistant in Connecti- 
cut, vii. 238. Judge, vii. 239. 

Sheshatapooshshoish Indians, vi. 16. 
Vocabulary of their language, vi. 19. 

Shetucket- river, i. 190. 

Shewamett, Indian town. vi. 211. 

Shields of the Indians, ix. 102. 

Shining mountains, iii. 25. 

Ship-building in New-England. 1643. 
i. 248. 

Shipley, Bishop, friend to the colonies, 
ii. 157. ix. 282. 

Shirley, , Secretary to Gen. Brad- 
dock, vii. 93. 

Shirley, William, Gov. of Massachusetts. 
iii. 194. ix. 223. Instructions to Gen. 
Pepperell on the expedition against 
Cape- Breton, i. 5. Prevails on the 
Assembly of Massachusetts to support 
fort Dummer. iii. 108. Vindication 
of his integrity, iv. 77. Lends Mas- 
sachusetts £30,000 of publick money, 
vi. 47. Commander in chief of the 
British forces in North- America, vi. 
34. 40. vii. 94. 131. Character and 
various transactions of. vii. 69 — 160. 
Author, iii. 301. 

Shirlev, Point, iii. 298. 299. 

Shirreff, William, vi. 122. 

Shoal-ground near Billingsgate-point. 
iii. 117. 196. 

Shoals, Description and history of the 
Isles of. vii. 242. Hogs not allowed 
on. i. 103. 

Shore, , minister of Taunton, ix. 


Short," Thomas, v. 216. 

Shortridge, Richard, x. 57. 

Shrimton, Samuel, v. 219. 232. 

Shubenaccadie river and lake. iii. 97. 

Shukelemy, Oneida chief, vii. 195. 


General Index. 

Shuldham, Admiral, arrives at Boston, 
ii. 61. At Sandy- Hook. ii. 67. 

Shumuit, Indian town. i. 197. 231. 

Shurtleff, William, of Marshfield. x. 70. 

Shurtleff, William, minister in Ports- 
mouth, x. 54. His family, x. 69. 

Shute, Samuel, Gov. of Massachusetts. 
iii. 194. Character, i. 105. v. 201. 
vi. 66. Account of the hearing before 
the Lords of the Privy Council, on his 
complaint against Massachusetts, ii. 

Shutesbury in Massachusetts, iii. 152. 

Sickness, Custom of the Indians to visit 
their friends in. viii. 257. 

Siely, Capt. vi. 90. 

Silliman, Gen. ii. 95. 

Silver-hole. vi. 218. 

Silver- springs- creek, iv. 41. 

Simcoe, Col. 213. 

Simon, John, Indian, ix. 204. 

Simons, William, Indian, x. 130. 

Simpkins, John. ix. 145. Minister of 
Brewster, x. 79. 

Sipson's island, viii. 188. 

Sissibou-river. iii. 97. 

Six Nations of Indians, their situation, 
v. 120. vii. 237. Treaty held with in 
1744. vii. 178. The French attempt 
to gain them. x. 146. They sell 
lands to Connecticut, vii. 232. Treaty 
held with, 1754. iv. 57. vii. 76. 
Averse to the Niagara expedition, vii. 
99. Their number and character, 
1792. i. 287. Their number in 1795. 
iv. 67. In 1796. v. 23. They are 
under the guardianship of New- York, 
v. 27. See also iv. 75. vii. 74. 152. 
153. 159. 

Skaket, or Namskeket, creek, viii. 188. 
Territory, i. 232. viii. 188. 

Skaket-creek, Little, viii. 188. 

Skanton. i. 232. See Scorton. 

Skeene, Col. ii. 27. 

Skeket. i. 232. iii. 118. See Namske- 

Skelton, Samuel, minister of Salem, vi. 
244. x. 16. Ordained, iii. 67. iv. 
219. ix. 2. Death, ix. 23. 

Skelton, Mrs. viii. 46. 

Skillman, Isaac, iii. 264. 

Skinner, Thomson-J. viii. 49. 

Skirving. Col. ii. 163. 

Skoffie Nation, vi. 16. Vocabulary of 
their language, vi. 19. 

Skotacook, on Hudson's river, x. 105. 

Skunkamug in Barnstable, i. 232. iii. 

Slade's ferry, viii. 258. 

Slanie, John. viii. 228. 

Slate-island, iii. 297. 

Slave-trade prohibited by the Legisla- 
ture of Massachusetts, iv. 197. 205. 
By the Legislatures of Rhode- Island 
and Connecticut, iv. 205. 

Slavery not known among the Indians 
of North America, ix. 213. 

Slaves, Law passed in Massachusetts, 
prohibiting the buying and selling of. 
iv. 195. The manner in which they 
are treated in Surrinam. i. 64. In 
Virginia, iii. 92. 

Slewiack-river. iii. 97. 

Slocum's- Island, x. 131. 

Slough-pond. x. 76. 

Slug- worm, Natural history of. v. 280. 

Smalley, John. viii. 164. 168. 

Smalley, Thomas, viii. 112. 

Small-point in Casco-bay. i. 254. 

Small-pox in Boston, iv. 213. v. 207. 

Smallwood, Gen. in the expedition to 
Staten-Island. ii. 112. Ordered into 
Maryland, ii. 114. In the battle of 
Germantown. ii. 119. See also ii. 

Smith, Aaron, iv. 47. x. 89. 

Smith, Capt. truckmaster. vi. 115. 

Smith., Cornet, ix. 144. 

Smith, David, iii. 199. 

Smith, , one of the settlers of Dor- 
chester, ix. 150. 

Smith, Dr. of Dorchester, ix. 196. 

Smith, Elias. x. 62. 

Smith, Elihu-H. v. 292. 

Smith, Frederick, ii. 46. 

Smith, Isaac, x. 102. 

Smith, John, celebrated navigator, viii. 
160. Discovers Isles of Shoals, vii. 
243. His account of the Massawomeks. 
i. 157. 

Smith, John, President of Rhode-Island, 
vi. 144. 

Smith, Lieut. Col. ii. 128. 

Smith, , member of Congress, ii. 


Smith, , minister of Barnstable, iii. 

16. Of Sandwich, iii. 188. 

Smith, Ralph, minister of Plymouth, iv. 
109. vi. 247. ix. 2. 20. x. 2. Char- 
acter, vii. 276. 

Smith, Richard, first settler in the Nar- 
raganset country, v. 216. 230. 

Smith, Richard, jun. purchases Hog- 
Island, v. 217. Assistant in Rhode- 
Island, v. 247. 250. 

Smith, Thomas, minister of Falmouth, 
v. 210. 

Smith, Thomas, minister of Yarmouth, 
v. 60. Of Pembroke, iii. 191. 

Smith, William, one of the Congress at 
Albany, vii. 76. 203. Counsellor of 
New- York. vii. 143. Chief-Justice 
of Quebec, vi. 50. 

Smith, William, minister of Weymouth, 
ix. 190. 

Smithfield, Free-stone in. ix. 260. 

Smith's- isles, vii. 243. 

Smooch-hill. iii. 168. 

Smuggling, Plan to prevent in British 
American colonies, i. 82. 

General Index. 


Smutty-nose-island, vii. 242. 

j Smyth, John. ix. 11. 

I Snake-island, in. 297. 

I Snake- pond. viii. 122. 

• jSnelling, Jonathan, i. 18. 22. 

ijSnipatuct-pond. iii. 2. 

J Snow, Elisha. iv, 23. 

iiSnow, Nicholas, viii. 164. 168, 

; Snow-storm, Remarkable in New- Eng- 
land, ii. 12. v. 209. vii. 58. viii. 176. 
ix. 196. 

| Snow's brook, viii. 156. 

I Snow's hollow, viii. 115. 

' Societies in Boston, iii. 273. 

fSogkonate, Indian name of Compton. 
ix. 199. See Saconet. 

;| Soheage, sachem, iv. 267. 

j Soil of New-England described by the 
first settlers, i. 117. 118. 124. 127. 128. 
249. viii. 221. 

1 Sokkie Indians, x. 123. 

;i Sokones, or Sokonesset, Indian town. i. 
198. 231. viii. 262. 

iSome, Dr. ix. 41. 

j Somers, Sir John. ix. 273. 

I Somerset-court-house, Action near. ii. 

I Somerset man-of-war shipwrecked, ii. 

jSongo-pond. iii. 239. River, iii. 239. 
ix. 142. 

I Sothuze Indians, x. 123. 

I Southack, Capt. vi. 121. 
Southack, Cyprian, x. 181. 

I Southampton county in Virginia, iii. 91. 

\ Southborough incorporated, iv. 47. Ac- 
count of. x. 82. 

, South-church, Old, in Boston, formed, 
iii. 258. Censured by the government. 
x. 34. 

; Southcote, Capt. ix. 150. 

• Southerland, Lady. ix. 250. 

•i Southern Indians, Situation and num- 
bers of, in 1768. x. 119. 
1 South-fields, in Salem, vi. 217. 
; South-pond, in Brookfield. i. 272. 

* South-river, in Salem, vi. 214. 215. 
\ South worth, Constant, v. 194. 

\ Southworth, Thomas, iv. 136. 

Sowams, Indian town. viii. 235. 263. 
\ Spanish- river in Cape Breton, iii. 99. 
; Spanish trade with British- American 
colonies, i. 80. 

! Spar hawk, John, minister in Salem, vi. 
273. Eminent man. x. 170. 
Spark, Alexander, v. 292. 
- Spaulding, Joshua, vi. 275. 
j Spear, Samuel, viii. 202. 
| Spectacle-island, iii. 297. 
Speeches, Indian manner of making, i. 
191. iii. 215. 228. 235. vii. 194. 197. 
200. viii. 253. 
j Speen, James, Indian, vi. 206. 
j Speen, John, Indian, i. 184. ix. 198. 
-Spencer, Elihu. iv. 56. 

Spencer, Gen. ii. 126. 

Spencer, Joseph, vii. 238. 

Spencer, Nicholas, v. 160. 

Spencer, Thomas, vii. 10. 

Spencer, William, vii. 10. 

Spicken-devil, Col. Scammel's action 
with the British at. ii. 213. 

Spider in Demerary. vi. 1, 

Split- rock-spring, vi. 214. 

Spooner, John- Jones, v. 292. 

Spooner, William, v. 291. 

Spotso, Daniel, Indian, x. 132. 

Sprague, Edward, x. 52. 

Spring-cove. vi. 216. 

Springer, James, vi. 77. 

Springfield in New- Jersey, burnt, ii. 188. 

Spring- hill, in Sandwich, i. 232. viii. 

Spring-hills, in Salem, vi. 214. 

Spring- pond. vi. 214. 

Sprout, James, x. 95. 

Squabette in Raynham. iii. 172. 

Squakeag, Indian name of Northfield. 
ii. 30. 

Squakeays, Indians, i. 160. 

Squam in Nantucket, iii. 154. 

Squamaug, Indian, ix. 160. 

Squam-harbour. vii. 252. 

Squamscot- river, iv. 87. 89. 

Squanto, Indian, viii. 228. 231. See 

Squantum in Dorchester, ix. 164. 

Squash, or vine- apple, iii. 222. ix. 99. 

Squatesit, Indian town. i. 207. 

Squawbay-neck. i. 257. 

Squeb, Capt. ix. 148. 

Staats, , of Albany, vii. 98. 

Stabroek described, vi. 6. 

Stacey, Joseph, iv. 130. 

Stage- harbour, Chatham, viii. 147. 

Stage-harbour, Eastham. viii. 115. 154. 

Stage-point, vi. 216. 

Stakes, Capt. ii. 214. 

Stamp-act proposed in Parliament, ix. 
269. Passed, ii. 41. iii. 244. Op- 
posed by mobs in Boston, i. 3. ii. 43. 
Repealed, ii. 43. 

Standish, Miles, travels to Pamet-river. 
viii. 207. Chosen Captain at Plym- 
outh, viii. 225. Meets Massasoit. viii. 
229. 231. Divides the militia into 
four companies, viii. 241. Trades 
with the Indians at Massachusetts- 
bay, viii. 243. Goes to Nauset. viii. 
251. To Mattachiest. viii. 254. To 
Manomet. viii. 255. Goes to Mas- 
sachusetts with eight men. viii. 266. 
Kills Indians, who had conspired 
against the English, viii. 162. 269. 
Returns to Plymouth, viii. 272. Agent 
from Plymouth, iii. 36. 38. One of 
the first settlers of Duxborough. ii. 3. 
5. His death and character, ii. 4. 
See also viii. 120. 222. 264. 276. 


General Index. 

Stanhope, Michael, viii. 60. 

Stanwix-fort besieged by Sir John John- 
son, ii. 108. Attacked by Col. St. 
Leger. iii. 112. 

Staple commodities of New-England, 
1643. i. 247. 249. 

Staples, John. v. 273. 

Star-island, vii. 242. 244. 246. 

Stark, John, Brigadier Gen. ii. 125. 
Account of. ii. 28. Defeats Col. 
Baum. ii. 29. 110. vi. 170. 

Staten-Island, Gen. Sullivan's expedi- 
tion to. ii. 112. Lord Stirling's, ii. 

Staunton, Robert, vi. 274. 

Stebbins, Abner. ix. 133. 

Stebbins, Edward, vii. 10. 

Steele, George, Henry, and John. vii. 

Steep-hill. iii. 168. 

Stephen, Indian, x. 131. 

Stephens, Gen. action with the British 
near Brunswick, ii. 102. In the bat- 
tle of Brandy wine. ii. 114. In the 
battle of Germantown. ii. 119. 

Stephens, John. x. 96. 

Stephens, Joseph, x. 170. 

Stephens, Thomas, x. 96. 

Stephens river, i. 251. 254. 

Sterling, Lieut. Col. ii. 162. 

Steuben, Baron, appointed major-gen- 
eral, ii. 130. Disciplines the Amer- 
ican army. vi. 175. See also ii. 210. 

Stevens, Gen. in the battle of Guilford- 
court-house. ii. 207. Wounded, ii. 

Stevens, Josiah. vii. 259. 

Steward, Major, ii. 170. 

Stewart, Capt. ix. 244. 

Stewart's Bend. viii. 117. 

Stewart's Knoll, viii. 117. 145. 

Stileman Elias. x. 43. 

Stiles, Ezra, preaches at Portsmouth. 
x. 52. President of Yale College, 
viii. 278. x. 52. F. H. S. v. 292. 
Author, vi. 75. 

Stillman, Samuel, iii. 259. 

Stillwater, Battle of. ii. 121. 

Stillwell, Jasper, x. 96. 

Stinson's Point, i. 253. 

Stirling, Henry, Earl of. vi. 187. 

Stirling, Gen. Lord, taken prisoner at 
Long- island, ii. 74. Exchanged, ii. 
79. Retreats from Princeton, ii. 84. 
Action with the British at Westfield. 
ii. 105. In the battle of Brandy wine, 
ii. 114. In the battle of German- 
town, ii. 119. Expedition to Staten- 
Island. ii. 182. 

Stirling, William- Alexander, Earl of, 
receives a grant of Nova- Scotia, iii. 
95. vi. 131. 186. Grants Nantucket 
to Thomas Mayhew. iii. 155. 

Stockbridge, Indian name of. vii. 98. 

Indian school at. iv. 51. 54. x. 142. 

153. State of the school, x. 148. 

Knowledge acquired in. x. 150. 
Stockbridge Indians, iv. 51. Removed 

to Oneida, iv. 55. Account of. 

iv. 67. 69. Number who met Sir 

William Johnson in 1764. x. 122. 

Migrations and number of. i. 195. 

ix. 91. Number in 1794. v. 23. 
Stockman, William, Indian, viii. 173. 

x. 133. 
Stoddard, Solomon, minister of North- 
ampton, ix. 276. Character, x. 157. 


Stone, , builder of bridges, iii. 245. 

Stone, James, iii. 19. 

Stone, John. x. 96. 

Stone, Nathan, minister of Dennis, viii. 

Stone, Nathan, minister of Southbor- 

ough. x. 82. 
Stone, Nathaniel, minister of Harwich. 

x. 78. v. 60. Eminent minister, x. 

Stone, Samuel, one of the first settlers 

of Cambridge, vii. 10. 
Stone, Samuel, minister in Cambridge. 

vii. 12. Memoir of. vii. 41. 
Stone, Solomon, ix. 144. 
Stone, William, x. 96. 
Stone- island, viii. 154. 
Stones of New- England, i. 113. 118. 

iii. 240. iv. 18. 23. 90. viii. 221. 

ix. 142. 162. 260. 
Stono, British lines at, attacked by the 

Americans, ii. 168. 
Stony-Point-fort stormed by Gen. 

Wayne, ii. 170. 
Storm, Remarkable, in New-England, 

1723. ii. 11. Another, 1717. ii. 

12. See snow-storm. 
Stormont, Lord, British ambassador to 

France, remonstrates against the 

French merchants supplying the 

Americans, ii. 89. His answer to 

American commissioners. ii. 98. 

Obtains the confinement of Capt. 

Cunningham at Dunkirk, ii. 113. 

Leaves the court of Versailles, ii. 

Story, Isaac, viii. 76. 
Stoughton, Capt. v. 170. 
Stoughton, Israel, ix. 180. 
Stoughton, Thomas, one of the settlers 

of Dorchester, ix. 150. 154. Erects 

the first mill in Massachusetts, ix. 

Stoughton, William. ix. 161. 162. 

vi. 106. A preacher, ix. 175. vii. 

30. Agent from Massachusetts, v. 

221. King's commissioner, v. 232. 

King's councellor. v. 245. Chief 

judge during the trials for witchcraft. 

v. 74. 77. Lieut. Gov. iii. 194. 

Erects Stoughton-hall. vii. 31. Me- 

General Index, 


moirs of. ix. 180. His epitaph, ii. 
j 10. 

i Stoughton, Indian name of. i. 99. 171. 
184. iii. 185. Separated from Dor- 
chester, i. 100. Incorporated, ix. 
162. A few Indians remaining in. i. 
I Stout's creek, iii. 197. viii. 111. 
\ Stow, Account of. x. 83. 
Stratfield Indians, x. 112. 
I Stratford Indians, Account of. x. 111. 
I Stratford, Free-stone in. ix. 260. River. 
I vii. 233. 

] Strawberries abundant in New-England. 
I i. 119. iii. 221. viii. 221. 
I Strawberry-bank. x. 46. 

Strong, Caleb, x. 192. 
\ Strong, Job, minister in Portsmouth, x. 
I 55. 70. His family, x. 70. 
;j Strong, Nehemiah. v. 169. 
I Strong-island, viii. 143. 145. 
i Strong-water-brook, vi. 212. 215. 
I Stuart, Col. of the Guards, killed, ii. 

I Stuart, Col. action with Gen. Greene, at 

Eutaw- Springs, ii. 218. 
| Sturgeon, iii. 224. 
il Sturgis, John. v. 59. 
i! Sturgis, Samuel, v. 59. 
I Stuyvesant, Gov. vi. 209. 

Succonet, Indians, viii. 262. 
I Succonuset, Indian town. i. 198. 
| Sudbury, Account of. x. 86. 
I Sues, Indians, x. 123. 
j Suet-creek, viii. 131. 
> Suet, village in Dennis, i. 232. viii. 134. 
] Suffolk, Lord. ii. 160. 
1 Suffolk in Virginia burnt, ii. 165. 
j Suffolk -county in Massachusetts, iii. 

. Sugar-act reprobated in the British- 
American colonies, i. 83. 
iSuguenth, sachem, v. 240. 
j Sukiaugk Indians, x. 105. 
I Sullivan, James, ix. 226. Attorney- 
General of Massachusetts, v. 51. viii. 
103. F. H. S. v. 291. 
] Sullivan, John, Gen. joins continental 
j army at Sorel. ii. 65. Taken prisoner 
j at Long-Island, ii. 74. Charged with 
I a message to Congress from Lord 
• Howe. ii. 75. Exchanged, ii. 79. 
j In the battle of Trenton, ii. 88. His 
I expedition to Staten-Island. ii. 112. 
j In the battle of Brandywine. ii. 114. 
, In the battle of Germantown, ii. 119. 
Commands at Providence, ii. 138. 
j Commander in the expedition against 
1 Rhode-Island, ii. 148. vi. 173. His 
successful attempt against the Indians, 
ii. 175. 
ISullivan, John-Langdon. x. 192. 
iSullivan, William, x. 191. 
;ijSullivan's-Island, British repulsed in 
j attack upon. ii. 66. 

Sulphur-islands, iv. 298. 

Sumner, Charles-P. viii. 92. 

Sumner, Gen. ii. 218. 

Sumner, George, ix. 194. 

Sumner, Increase, viii. 95. 

Sumner, Roger, ix. 192. 

Surnner, William, ix. 161. 

Sumpter, Col. defeats British at Hang- 
ing-rock, ii. 189. Defeated by them, 
ii. 191. Gen. defeats Tarleton's legion 
at Black-forks, ii. 200. Takes Or- 
angeburg, ii. 212. 

Sumptuary laws passed in Massachu- 
setts, vi. 258. 

Sunbury taken possession of by Gen. 
Prevost. ii. 155. 

Sunckquasson, sachem, iii. 6. 

Sunday schools established in Philadel- 
phia, iii. 267. 

Sunken-island, iii. 297* 

Sunseeto, sachem, ix. 88- 

Superior- lake, Tribes of Indians near, 
iii. 24. 25. 

Surrinam, Description of. i. 61. 

Surry- county in Virginia, iii. 91. 

Susquehanna-river. iv. 62., 

Susquehannas Indians, vii. 153. 

Sussex- county in Virginia, iii. 91. 

Sutherland, Major, ii. 171. 

S wamscot, Indian name of Exeter, iv. 87. 

Swan, James, ix. 166. Writes against 
the slave trade, iv. 201. 

Swan, James-Keadie. ix. 191. 

Swan-pond- creek, viii. 133. 

Swan's pond. v. 55. 

Swanzey, Indian name of. vi. 87. viii. 
258. Bart of annexed to Rhode- 
Island, i. 211. The Baptist church 
in, the first in Massachusetts, iii. 151. 

Sweetser, , minister in Boston, iii. 


Swett, Joseph, viii. 56. 

Swift, Job. viii. 51. 

Swift, John. x. 89. 

Swift, Seth. viii. 49. 

S wift, Thomas, ix. 194. 

Sydenham, Thomas, iii. 291. 

Sydney, Government of. iii. 96. 99. 

Symonds, Thomas, ii. 223. 

Symons, John. iii. 150. 

Synod of New-England Congregational 
churches, described, ix. 32. 

Synods held in Massachusetts, in 1637. 
vi. 252. vii. 16. ix. 14. 23. 32. In 
1646 — 1648, which composed the Cam- 
bridge platform, iv. 135. vi. 257. vii. 
25. ix. 14. 16. 49. 172. In 1662. vi. 
260. vii. 49. In 1669. ix. 172. In 
1679. vi. 263. vii. 25. 


Taacame, or Takame, Indian town. i. 

Table land in Eastham. iii. 117. 197. 

viii. 115. 

VOL. X. 



General Index. 

Tabogimkik in Nova- Scotia, x. 116. 

Tachanuntie, Onondago chief, vii. 179. 

Tackquannash, Joshua, Indian, x. 132. 

Tailer, Gillam. ix. 187. 

Tailer, William, Lieut. Gov. of Massa- 
chusetts, iii. 194. viii. 75. Church- 
warden, vii. 217. 

Takame, Indian town. i. 204. 

Takawombpait, Daniel, Indian, x. 134. 

Talbot, Silas, ii. 153. 

Talcott, John. vii. 10. 

Talcott, John, Capt. vi. 209. 

Talhanio, Indian town. i. 204. 

Tamaahmaah, chief of Woahoo. ix. 243. 

Tareal-hill. iii. 168. 

Tarleton, Col. defeats Col. Banford at 
Lynch's creek, ii. 186. Defeated by 
Gen. Sumpter at Black- forks, ii. 200. 
Repulsed at Ninety-Six. ii. 201. De- 
feated by Gen. Morgan at Cowpens. 
ii. 203. Skirmish with Col. Lee. ii. 
207. Wounded in the battle of Guil- 
ford court-house, ii. 209. Action 
with the Duke de Lausune. ix. 105. 

Tarro-root. ix. 245. 

Tartars, Indians of America supposed to 
be the descendants of. i. 145. 

Tashmiut in Truro, i. 257. 

Tasker, Col. vii. 76. 203. 

Tatnuck- brook, i. 114. 

Tatnuck-hill. i. 113. 

Tatobam, sachem, ix. 82. 

Taunton- river, iii. 167. viii. 233. 

Taushents, or Taushens, Indian name of 
youngest child, viii. 97. 

Tawas, or River Indians, x. 123. 

Tawawog, Indian name of New-London. 
x. 101. 

Taylor, Barnabas, v. 59. 

Tavlor, John, of Cambridge, i. 164. vii. 

Taylor, John, minister of Milton, x. 67. 
Character, x. 153. 

Tea, Duty imposed on, by Parliament, 
ii. 43. Use of, laid aside in Boston, 
ii. 44. Destroyed in Boston, ii. 45. 
iii. 244. 

Tea-root. ix. 245. 

Temple, Sir Thomas, vii. 229. 

Ten-Broek, Gen. ii. 125. 

Tennessee, or Tenisa river, x. 120. 

Tenney, Samuel, v. 292. 

Tenthredo Cerasi. v. 287. 

Termites in Demerary. vi. 4. 

Ternay, Admiral de, arrives at Newport. 
ii. 188. Death, ii. 201. 

Tewauntaurogo, or Ticonderoga. x. 143. 

Tewksbury, Indian name of. i. 186. 

Thacher, Anthony, viii. 278. 

Thacher, Daniel, ix. 126. 

Thacher, David, v. 59. 

Thacher, George, v. 59. 

Thacher, James, viii. 137. 

Thacher, Oxenbridge, of Boston, viii. 

279. 284. Character, viii. 277. Au- 
thor, iii. 301. vi. 70. 
Thacher, Oxenbridge, of Milton, viii. 

277. 284. 
Thacher, Peter, minister in Weymouth. 

ix. 195. x. 26. In Boston, iii. 260. 

Author, iii. 300. Eminent man. x. 

Thacher, Peter, minister in Maiden and 

Boston, iii. 260. F. H. S. v. 291. 

viii. 102. Memoirs of. viii. 277. 
Thacher, Peter, minister in Middlebo- 

rough. iii. 149. 
Thacher, Peter, minister of Milton, viii. 

277. 284. ix. 205. Ordained, ix. 195. 

Death, ix. 176. 197. Eminent man. 

x. 169. 
Thacher, Peter, minister of Sarum. viii. 

Thacher, Thomas, minister in Boston. 

iii. 258. A popular preacher, iv. 217. 

viii. 278. 
Thacher, Thomas, minister in Dedham. 

viii. 277. 284. 
Thacher, Thomas- Gushing, viii. 284. 

Thaxter, , surveyor, ix. 160. 

Thayer, Ebenezer. ix. 196. 

Thayer, John. iii. 264. 

Thayer, Major, ii. 129. 

Theatre in Boston, iii. 255. 

Thistle-hill. vi. 214. 

Thomas and Tinges, printers, vi. 75. 

Thomas, CoL ii. 204. 

Thomas, Gov. vii. 180. 

Thomas, Isaiah, printer, i. 114. vi. 74. 

Thomas, John, Gen. ii. 65. Death, ii. 

Thomas, John, Indian, v. 206. 
Thomas, Josiah, Indian, x. 132. 
Thomas, Philip, vii. 171. 
Thomaston, Description of. iv. 20. 

Thomlinson, , of Portsmouth, x. 57. 

Thompson, Col. taken prisoner at Sorel. 

ii. 65. 
Thompson, Col. repulses the British at 

Sullivan's Island, ii. 66. 

Thompson, , surveyor, ix. 160. 

Thompson, Thomas, x. 61. 

Thomson, Samuel, iv. 29. 

Thomson, Charles, translates the Sep- 

tuagint. iv. 157. P. H. S. v. 292. 
Thomson, David, begins a plantation at 

Pascatoquack. viii. 276. First pos- 
sessor of Thomson's Island, iii. 299. 
Thomson, , minister of Braintree. 

x. 26. Preaches in Virginia, ix. 46. 
Thomson's Island, iii. 297. 299. ix. 160. 

Thornton, Thomas, v. 59. 
Three- rivers, Battle of. ii. 65. 
Throat- distemper in New-England in 

1735 and 1736. iv. 214. x. 50. In 

1749. v. 275. 
Thrognorton's-cove. vi. 217. 
Throop, Capt. ii. 102. 

General Index. 


Ticonderoga surprised by Col. Allen, 
ii. 49. vi. 160. American army re- 
treats to. ii. 70. vi, 163. Evacuated 
by the Americans, ii. 106. vi. 169. 

Tide, Remarkable high, in New-Eng- 
land, 1723. ii. 11. 

Tides rise very high in the bay of Fundy. 
iii. 97. 

Tigres, Indians, vi. 14. 

Tilestone, Thomas, ix. 166. 

Tilley, , one of the settlers of Dor- 
chester, ix. 150. 

Tilley, Edward, viii. 207. 217. 

Tillotson, Archbishop, ix. 249. 

Tilly, French naval captain, ii. 206. 

Timber-hills, vi. 214. 

Tinian in Dorchester, ix. 163. 

Tinker's-island. vi. 222. 

Tioga-river. ix. 123. 

Tisbury, Indian name of. i. 204; Indians 
in 1698. x. 131. In 1792. i. 206. 

Tispacan, sachem, iii. 1. 

Tisquantum, Indian of Patuxet, comes 
to Plymouth, viii. 228. Accompanies 
Winslow and Hopkins to Mount- 
Hope, iii. 148. viii, 232. Accompa- 
nies the English to Nauset. viii. 237. 
One of the Indians kidnapped by 
Hunt. viii. 238. Interpreter of the 
English, viii. 240. Charged with 
treachery by Hobbamock. viii. 241. 
His character, viii. 243. 245. His 
death demanded by Masassoit. viii. 

, 244. Accompanies Gov. Bradford to 
Monamoyick. viii. 249. Death, viii. 

jTithes, The payment of, established 
among the praying Indians of Massa- 

I chusetts. i. 178. 

iTiticut, Indian town. i. 198. iii. 150. 

Titicut-swamp. iii. 168. 

ITiverton annexed to Rhode-Island, i. 

; 211. 

jTobacco injures the soil on which it 
| grows, iii. 89. Much used by the 
J Indians, iii. 208. vii. 182. viii. 228. 
| 230. ix. 213. Law made against the 
|_ use of, in Massachusetts, viii. 35. 
Tocconneck-falls. i. 253. 
iTodd, Jonathan, x. 94. 
Tohkukquonno, Indian, x. 129. 
jToikiming, or Takame, Indian town. i. 

L 204r * 

iTokamahamon, Indian, viii. 237. 240. 

rTokkohwompait, Daniel, Indian, x. 134. 

Toleration in religion taught by Roger 

J Williams, vi. 246. ix. 24. 26. 43. x. 

j 21. 

Tomahawk, Indian, i. 152. vii. 183. 

i ix. 102. 

JTorn's-neck. viii. 147. 

ffompson, William, ix. 191. 

ironeset-neck. viii. 187. 189. 

Xonnoraunto, Indian town. i. 286. 

Tonquiere, Marquis of. vi. 53. 

Tooth-ake common among the Indians 
of New-England, iii. 214. 

Too weehtOO wees, or Twightwees, In- 
dians, x. 147. 

Topliff, Deacon, ix. 162. 

Topliff, Samuel, ix. 101. 

Topsfield incorporated, vi. 233. 

Topsham, Description of. iii. 141. 

Torporiflck eel. i. 63. 

Torrey, Haviland. iv. 131. 

Torrey, John. iv. 132. 

Torrey, Samuel, minister of Weymouth. 
iv. 123. ix. 194. Ordained, ix. 192. 
Death, ix. 195. Character, x. 167. 

Tortoise known to live above forty-four 
years, iii. 3. 

Tory and Whig, Names of, applied to 
parties in America, ii. 63. 

Town-brook in Plymouth, viii. 221. 

Townsend, David, iii. 281. 

Townshend, Thomas, ii. 91. 

Townsmen : see Select-men. 

Towsowet, sachem, viii. 151. 

Traske, Capt. vi. 253. 

Treadwell, Jacob, x. 62. 

Treat, Capt. ii. 129. 

Treat, Richard, ix. 134. 

Treat, Robert, ii. 30. vi. 90. viii. 176. 

Treat, Samuel, preaches to the Indians, 
i. 201. Memoirs of. viii. 170. 

Treby, Sir George, ix. 273. 274. 

Trees in Cape-Breton, iii. 99. In Con- 
necticut, iv. 271. In Demerary. vi. 
12. In Labrador, i. 235. 236. In 
Massachusetts and Maine, i. 108. 113. 
119. 238. 273. ii. 5. iii. 13. 118. 138. 
146. 167. 172. 198. 239. 240. iv. 145. 
148. vii. 2. 168. viii. 120. 127. 129. 
133. 157. 196. 204. 206. 220. 221. 235. 
ix. 128. 140. In New-Brunswick, iii. 
100. In New-England, i. 128. iii. 
220. In New-Hampshire, iv. 89. In 
New- York. ix. 113. 114. 121. In 
Nova- Scotia, iii. 96. In Rhode-Island, 
ix. 200. In Virginia, iii. 87. 89. v. 

Trent, Capt. iii. 22. vi. 139. 

Trenton, Battle of. ii. 88. vi. 166. 

Trescot, John. ix. 169. 

Trimountain, name of Boston, i. 256. 

Triplet, Major, ii. 204. 

Trott, Lemuel, ix. 187. 

Troup, Robert, v. 123. 

Troutbeck, John, minister in Boston, iii. 
260. Preaches in Hopkinton. iv. 16. 

Trumbull, Benjamin, minister of North- 
Haven, x. 90. Historian, ix. 79. F. 
H. S. v. 292. 

Trumbull, John, printer, vi. 76. 

Trumbull, Jonathan, vi. 154. vii. 238. 

Trumbull, Samuel, vi. 77. 

Truro, Description of. iii. 195. Indian 
places in. i. 196. 257. Number of 
Indians in. i. 230. viii. 173. See also 
viii. 111. 175. 208. 


General Index. 

Tryon, Gen. Gov. of New- York. ii. 72. 
His expedition to Danbury. ii. 95. 
To Connecticut, ii. 168. Burns Fair- 
field and Norwalk. ii. 169. iii. 103. 
x. 189. 

Tryon, William, Gov. of North- Carolina. 
x. 120. 

Tucke, John. vii. 255. x. 50. 

Tucker, Ephraim. ix. 194. 

Tucker, James, ix. 194. 

Tucker, John. x. 43. 

Tucker, Manasseh, ix. 194. 

Tucker, Robert, ix. 194. 

Tucker, St. George, v. 292. 

Tucker's-island. i. 206. 

Tudor, Samuel, v. 169. 

Tudor, William, viii. 89. F. H. S. v. 
291. viii. 102. 

Tumblen's-cove. viii. 148. 

Tunipis-pond. ix. 199. 

Tunxis, Indians, x. 104. 

Tupper, Elisha. iii. 189. 

Tupper, Thomas, preaches to the Indi- 
ans, i. 201. iii. 189. x. 133. Preaches 
at Sandwich, iii. 188. 

Turell, Ebenezer. x. 157. 

Turell, Samuel, v. 291. 

Turket-river. iii. 97. 

Turkey-brook, i. 114. 

Turkey-hill, in Derby, x. 112. 

Turkey- hills, parish in Windsor, v. 

Turkey-shore, in Ipswich, x. 33. 

Turner, Caleb, iii. 2. 150. 

Turner, Charles, ii. 8. 

Turtle : see Tortoise. 

Turtle-creek, iii. 23. 

Tuscarora Indians disposed to receive 
the gospel, x. 146. Consent to the 
erection of forts in their country, vii. 
152. Number who met Sir William 
Johnson in 1764. x. 121. Number 
employed by the British, x. 123. 
Number in 1794. v. 23. 

Tuttomnest-neck. viii. 169. 

Tuxishoag-pond. iv. 183. 

Twightwees, Expedition of the French 
against, v. 121. x. 147. 

Tyng, Dudley- Atkins, vii. 259. F. H. 
S. v. 291. 

Tyng, Edward, of Dunstable, x. 180. 
King's counsellor, v. 245. 

Tyng, Edward, naval captain, Memoirs 
of. x. 180. See also i. 15. 27. 

Tyng, Edward, British officer, x. 181. 

Tyng, John. x. 180. 

Tyng, Jonathan, v. 245. 

Tyng, William, of Braintree. x. 180. 

Tyng, William, of Gorham, Memoirs of. 
x. 183. 

TJchipweys, Indians, x. 123. 
TJncas, sachem of the Moheagans, Me- 
moir of. ix. 77. Limits of his juris- 

diction, iv. 183. Joins the English 
in the war against the Pequots. iv. 
278. x. 100. Protests against the gos- 
pel's being preached to the Indians, 
i. 191. viii. 18. x. 15. Charged with 
assisting Philip against the English. 
vi. 87. His character, i. 208. 

Uncas, Ben, sachem, x. 104. 

TJncas, Isaiah, ix. 88. 

Uncataquisset, or Unquety. ix. 161. 

Underhill, Capt. iv. 278. 

United States, Independence of, declared 
by Congress, ii. 68. iii. 244. vi. 164. 
Plan of confederation formed, ii. 132. 
Treaty between, and France, signed, 
ii. 134. State of the National debt, 
1779. ii. 173. At the conclusion of 
the war. ii. 240. Federal constitution 
formed, ii. 132. iii. 245. 

Universalists, Children are received by 
dedication and prayer among, x. 62. 
A general convention of, held at Phil- 
adelphia, x. 72. Church in Boston, 
iii. 264. In Portsmouth, x. 62. 

Unquety, Indian name of Milton, i. 100. 
ix. 161. 

Unset, in Wareham. i. 232. 

Upham, Caleb, iii. 201. 

Usher, John. v. 245. 

Utrecht, Peace of. vi. 131. 

Uwonnass, on the north-west coast, ix. 

Uxbridge, Indian name of. i. 194. 

Vaccination introduced into America, 
vii. 38. 

Vallancey, Gen. x. 19. 

Valley- Forge, winter- quarters of the 
American army. ii. 130. 

Valparaiso in Chili, iv. 250. 

Vancouver, Capt. ix. 243. 245. 

Vander-Capellan, Baron, vi. 183. 

Vane, Sir Henry, Governour of Massa- 
chusetts, iii. 194. vi. 252. Antino- 
mian. ix. 27. 28. Character, v. 171. 
viii. 7. Assists in obtaining Rhode- 
Island of the Indians, x. 20. 

Van-Renselaer, Gen. ii. 197. 

Van- Renselaer, Stephen, Lieut. Gov. of 
New- York. viii. 51. F. H. S. v. 292. 

Van-Schaack, Henry, viii. 51. 

Van-Skaick, Col. ii. 164. 

Van- Vert, Isaac, ii. 194. 

Varnum, Gen. James-M. ii. 148. 

Vassall, William, viii. 40. 

Vaudreuil, Marquis de. vi. 53. vii. 105. 

Vaughan, , counsellor in New- 
Hampshire, vi. 93. 

Vaughan, Gen. commands British troops 
in New-Jersey, ii. 86. 90. Expedi- 
tion up Hudson's river, ii. 118. Burns 
Kingston, ii. 122. 

Vaughan, John. x. 192. 

Veazie, Samuel, ii. 8. 

General Index. 

^Vegetables, Method of collecting and 
ij preserving, iv. 12. 
Vergennes, Count de. ii. 134. 228. 
: pennon t, No indians in. i. 211. 
Vert, Bay of. iii. 96. 99. 
ijVetch, Col. Gov. of Nova-Scotia, vi. 
' 120. vii. 217. 

iVigilant, French man of war, taken 
I 1745. i. 39. 43. x. 182. 
I Villages, Indians of North - America 
] lived in. ix. 213. 

!|Ville-de-Paris, French man of war, ta- 
| ken. ii. 225. 
JVilliers, M. de, drives the English from 

the Ohio. iii. 22. 
Vincents, Saint, taken by Count D'Es- 

taing. ii. 178. 
Vines, Richard, i. 102. iii. 138. 
Viomenil, Baron de. ii. 222. ix. 105. 
j Virginia, Account of. v. 124. Described. 
I ii. 69. Soil and water, ix. 104. Dis- 
eases, iii. 90. Appearance of the 
bowels of the earth in the lower part 
of. iii. 87. Value of its trade in 1775. 
ii. 61. Settles its form of government, 
ii. 69. Makes the first motion for in- 
dependence, ii. 70. 
Vose, Richard, ix. 154. 


|Waban, Indian of Nonantum. i. 168. 
169. v. 256. r vii. 26. viii. 19. His 
character, i. 184. v. 263. ix. 197. x. 11. 

' Wabbequasset country, ix. 80. 

1 Wabquisset, or Wabbequasset, Indian 
town. i. 190. ix. 86. 

1 Wadsworth, Benjamin, minister in Bos- 
ton, iii. 257. vi. (5.) Ordained, ix. 
195. President of Harvard College, 
vii. 27. Character, x. 169. 

\ Wadsworth, Capt. v. 271. 

I Wadsworth, John, magistrate in Con- 
necticut, v. 235. 

\ Wadsworth, John, tutor, viii. 89. His 
epitaph, viii. 97. 

\ Wadsworth, William, vii. 10. 

I Waeuntug, Indian town. i. 194. 

J Waitahu- island, iv. 240. 

j Wakoquet, or Waquoit, Indian town. i. 
197. 230. 

I Walden-pond. i. 238. 

•! Waldern, , Waldron, counsellor in 

New- Hampshire, vi. 93. 
Waldo, Brigadier, i. 20. 52. 

i Waldo, Jonathan, x. 181. 

1 Waldron, Major, x. 54. 

J Waldron, William, iii. 261. 

S Wales, John. iii. 168. 174. 
Wales, Samuel, iii. 168. 174. 

* Walford, Thomas, x. 64. 

I Wallace, Capt. cannonades Bristol, ii. 
56. His action with continental ships, 
ii. 62. 

; Wallace, Sir James, ii. 118. Taken 
prisoner, ii. 180. 

Wallcut, Thomas, v. 291. 

Walley, Thomas, iii. 16. iv. 123. 

Walker, George, x. 57. 

Walker, James, vi. 197. 

Walnuts, Indians of New-England ex- 
tract an oil from. iii. 220. 

Walter, Nehemiah, minister of Roxbury. 
viii. 22. x. 155. Ordained, ix. 195. 
Character, x. 169. 

Walter, Thomas, x. 155. 

Walter, William, iii. 261. 263. 

Walton, Joseph, x. 61. 

Wameset, Indian town. i. 186. Suffers 
by the Maquas. i. 188. 

Wammasquid, Indian town. i. 207. 

Wampas, Indian, v. 258. x. 13. 

Wamponoags lived in the colony of Ply- 
mouth, viii. 159. 226. Once possessed 
Rhode- Island, x. 20. Treaty made 
between, and the English of Plymouth, 
viii. 230. Submit to the English gov- 
ernment, viii. 161. At war with the 
New-England colonies, v. 270. vi. 
84. See Pawkunnawkuts and Philip. 

Wampum presented to the Indians, 
when a speech is made to them. vii. 
185. See Wompompeague. 

Wamscotta, sachem, v. 217. 

Wannalancet, sachem of Pawtucket. i. 
187. Receives the gospel, iii. 179. 

Wanton, Gideon, vi. 145. 

Wanton, John. vi. 145. 

Wanton, Joseph, ii. 45. vi. 145. 

Wanton, William, vi. 145. 

Wanuho, sachem, i. 208. ix. 86. 

Waquoit-bay. viii. 128. 

War burton, Bishop, ix. 45. 

Ward, , minister of Haverhill, x. 


Ward, , minister of Ipswich, x. 26. 

Ward, English lawyer, ix. 273. 

Ward, Edmund, x. 95. 

Ward, Ephraim. i. 266. 

Ward, Richard, vi. 145. 

Ward, Samuel, vi. 145. 

Ward's-creek. iii. 85. 

Ware, Capt. x. 139. 

Wareham, John, sails from England, iv. 
266. Arrives in New-England, i. 98. 
ix. 148. Minister of Dorchester, ix. 
18. 170. His opinion of a visible 
church, iii. 74. Settles Windsor, v. 
167. ix. 153. 172. Death, ix. 154. 

Wareham, Indian name of. i. 198. Riv- 
ers in. i. 231. 

Warlike stores, amount of, in Massachu- 
setts, April, 1775. i. 232. 

Warner, Andrew, vii. 10. 

Warner, Seth, Col. takes Crown-Point, 
ii. 49. Reinforces Gen. Stark at Ben- 
nington, ii. 110. 116. Gen. ii. 125. 

Warren, Peter, Commodore, commands 
the naval forces on the expedition 
against Cape-Breton, i. 19. x. 1S2. 
Arrives on the coast of Massachusetts. 


General Index. 

i. 18. On the coast of Nova- Scotia. 
i. 19. Off Canso-harbour. i. 21. 25. 
Consultations of the officers of his 
fleet, i. 32. 41. His plan for reducing 
Louisbourg. i. 32. 33. Laments that 
his plans do not meet the approbation 
of Gen. Pepperell. i. 36. Complains 
of Gen. Pepperell's jealousy, i. 46. 
Commended by Gen. Pepperell. i. 47. 
Censured by Dr. Chauncy. i. 50. His 
character, i. 109. 

Warren, James, i. 84. 

Warren, Joseph, Gen. patriot of 1775. 
v. 106. Author, iii. 301. vi. 70. 
Slain, ii. 49. vi. 159. 

Warren in Rhode -Island, Houses burnt 
at. ii. 138. 

Warwick in Rhode-Island, settled, v. 

Warwick Indians, i. 210. 

Washington, Col. makes prisoners of 
Col. Rugeley's party, ii. 201. Defeats 
royalists near Pacolet-creek. ii. 201. 
In the battle of Cowpens. ii. 204. In 
the battle of Guilford court-house, ii. 
207. In the battle of Waxhaws. ii. 
210. In the battle of Eutaw- Springs. 
ii. 119. 

Washington, George, Major, sent to the 
Ohio to complain of the encroach- 
ments of the French, vii. 71. Col. 
Skirmish with the French, vii. 73. 
Defeated by them. vii. 74. Marches 
into the western country of Virginia, 
vi. 139. General of the American 
army, arrives at Cambridge, ii. 49. vi. 
160. vii. 36. iii. 244. Marches from 
Cambridge to New- York. vi. 162. 
Refuses to receive the letters of Lord 
and Gen. Howe. ii. 70. 71. Retreats 
from Long-Island to New- York. ii. 
74. Abandons New- York. ii. 76. 
Detaches a body of troops to White- 
Plains, ii. 81. 82. Retreats through 
New- Jersey, and crosses the Delaware, 
ii. 84. 86. vi. 165. Recrosses the Del- 
aware, and surprises the Hessians at 
Trenton, ii. 88. vi. 165. Attacks the 
British at Princeton, ii. 90. Charges 
the British with cruelty to the Amer- 
ican prisoners, ii. 99. Encamps near 
Brunswick, ii. 102. vi. 167. Op- 
poses the progress of Howe's army 
through New-Jersey in 1777. ii. 105. 
vi. 168. His manifesto in answer to 
Burgoyne's proclamation, ii. 107. 
Marches through Philadelphia, and 
encamps at Wilmington, ii. 113. 
Moves from Wilmington to Newport, 
and fights the battle of Brandy wine, 
ii. 114. vi. 168. Fights the battle of 
Germantown. ii. 119. vi. 168. Or- 
ders a body of troops over the Dela- 
ware, ii. 129. Recommends half-pay 
for the officers of the army. ii. 132. 

Forwards to Congress the letter of the 
British Commissioners, ii. 140. En- 
gages the enemv at Monmouth, ii. 
141—145. vi. 172. Goes with his 
army to North- river, ii. 145. The 
winter- quarters of his troops in 1778. 
ii. 158. vi. 174. In 1779. ii. 181. 
Recommends half-pay to the officers 
for life. ii. 199. The winter- quarters 
of his army in 1780. ii. 201. Besieges 
York-town, and makes prisoners of 
Cornwallis's army, ii, 221 — 224. ix. 
103. 107. Demands that Lippincut 
should be delivered up as a murderer, 
ii. 227. Releases Capt. Asgil. ii. 228. 
His speech to a convention of officers, 
ii. 236. Grants furloughs to the sol- 
diers, ii. 241. Receives the thanks 
of Congress, ii. 242. Takes leave of 
the army. ii. 243. Resigns his com- 
mission to Congress, ii. 244. Chosen 
President of the United States, ii. 132. 
Inaugurated, iii. 245. Visits Boston 
in 1789. iii. 243. Death, viii. 93. 102. 

Washington- academy in Machias. iii. 

Washington- county in Maine, iv. 153. 

Washington- fort taken, ii. 81. 83. 

Washington's- island, ii. 21. 

Wassapinewat, sachem, viii. 265. 

Waterbury, Gen. ii. 79. 

Waterford, Description and history of. 
ix. 137. Described, iii. 240. 

Waterhouse, Benjamin, vii. 38. 

Watertown settled, ix. 19. Church 
gathered, vii. 15. Remarkable mor- 
tality among the fish of a pond in. 
iii. 177. 

Watson, Bishop, x. 192. 

Watson, Ebenezer. vi. 76. 

Watson, Marston, Memoirs of. viii. 80. 
F. H. S. x. 191. 

Watson's hill. viii. 229. 

Watts, Isaac, v. 200. x. 177. 

Wauno, Joseph and John, Indians, x. 

Wawanech Indians, Peace made with, 
vi. 118. 

Wawayontat, or Waywayantik, Indian 
town. i. 198. 231. 

Wawequay, sachem, ix. 85. 

Waxhaws, Battle of. ii. 209. 

Waymessick, or Wamesit. vi. 278. 

Wayne, Gen. ii. 104. In the battle of 
Brandy wine. ii. 115. In the battle of 
Germantown. ii. 119. In the battle 
of Monmouth, ii. 242. Commended 
by Gen. Washington, ii. 144. Storms 
Stony-Point, ii. 170. vi. 175. Joins 
LaFayette in Virginia, ii. 213. En- 
gagement with Cornwaliis near James- 
river, ii. 214. Defeats the British 
near Savannah, ii. 230. Defeats the 
Cherokee Indians at Sharon, ii. 232. 
Defeats the Indians at Miami, x. 123. 

General Index. 


Weantick- river, i. 231. 

Weapauge. x. 102. See Wecapaug 
and Wekapage. 

Weapons of war, Indian, ix. 102. 

Weare, Comptroller, i. 66. 

Weare, , of New-Hampshire, one of 

the Congress at Albany, vii. 76. 203. 

Wear- mill-brook, viii. 132. 

Webb, Benjamin, minister in Eastham. 
viii. 183. Character, viii. 184. 

Webb, Gen. vii. 35. Arrives in Amer- 
ica, vii. 149. His march towards Os- 
wego delayed, vii. 158. 

Webb, John, minister in Boston, iii. 
260. Author, iii. 300. 

Webb, Richard, vii. 10. 

Webb's island, viii. 147. 

Webhannet, Indian name of Wells, iii. 

Webster, Col. his successes in South- 
Carolina, ii. 185. In the battle of 
Guilford-court-house. ii. 207. Wound- 
ed, ii. 209. 

Webster, Noah. v. 292. vi. 76. 

Webster, Bedford, v. 291. 

Wecapaug-brook. v. 239. 

Wedderburne, Solicitor- General, iii. 

Weechagaskas, Indians, i. 148. 

Weeks, , minister in Marblehead. 

viii. 78. 

Weeks, Amiel. viii. 142. 

Weeks, John. x. 131. 

Weequakut, Indian town. i. 197. 230. 

Weeset-neck. viii. 187. 

Weesquobs, Indian town. i. 197. 231. 

Weiser, Conrad, vii. 179. 

Wekapage, boundary of the Narragan- 
sets. i. 147. 

Weld, Thomas, minister in Roxbury. 
viii. 7. 29 ix. 21. Enemy to the An- 
tinomians. ix. 33. One of the authors 
of the New- England Psalms, vii. 19. 
viii. 10. Sent agent to England, i. 
168. viii. 7. x. 30. 

Weld, Thomas, minister in Middlebo- 
rough. iii. 149. 

Welden, Robert, viii. 45. 

Welderen, Count, ii. 160. 

Welles, , one of the Congress at 

Albany, vii. 76. 203. 

Wellfleet, Description of. iii. 117. Creeks 
and islands, iv. 41. Hollows, viii. 
114. Number of vessels, viii. 196. 
Harbour, iii. 117. viii. 217. Indian 
places, i. 196. See also viii. 165. 169. 
173. 185. 

Wells, Description of. iii. 138. Bay. 
iii. 7. 138. See also i. 103. > 

Welsh supposed to have migrated to 
America, iii. 23. 

Welsh, Thomas, viii. 101. 

Welstead, William, minister in Boston. 
iii. 261. Author, iii. 300. Eminent 
man. x. 170. 

Wenaumut in Sandwich, i. 232. 

Wenemovet, Indian, vi. 108. 

Wendell, Jacob, iv. 58. vii. 34. 

Wendon, Gen. ii. 115. 

Wenham incorporated, vi. 233. 

Wentworth, Benning. iii. 108. ix. 222. 

Wentworth, Charles-Mary. x. Y.ri. 

Wentworth, John, Lieut. Gov. of New- 
Hampshire, vi. 108. 117. 

Wentworth, John, Lieut. Gov. oi Nova- 
Scotia, iii. 101. 102. 

Wequaset in Chatham, viii. 151. 

Wequash, sachem, iv. 281. His con- 
versation with Roger Williams, iii. 

Weshakim Indians at war with the Ma- 
quas. i. 162. Gookin's letter to them. 
i. 193. 

Wesko in Nantucket, iii. 158. 

Wessagusset, Weston's colony at. viii. 
37. 248. ix. 5. Plot of the Indians 
against, viii. 262. See Weston, Thom- 

Wessowessgeeg-river. iv. 20. 

West, Col. ii. 149. 

West, Samuel, minister in Boston, iii. 

West, Samuel, minister in New-Bedford, 
iv. 235. v. 59. 

West, Stephen, minister of Stockbridge. 
iv. 55. Vice-President of Williams- 
college, viii. 51. 

Westborough incorporated, iv. 47. Ac- 
count of. x. 84. 

West- Boston- bridge, iii. 246. vii. 4. 

Westerly in Rhode- Island, ix. 82. 

Western incorporated, i. 266. 

West-India-trade with British- American 
colonies, i. 80. 

Westmoreland in New-York. v. 21. 

Westmoreland on Wyoming, vii. 232. 

West-mountain in Brimfield. ix. 131. 

Weston, Isaiah, iv. 235. 

Weston, Thomas, merchant of London, 
viii. 245. Sends to New-England a 
colony, viii. 247. Which plants 
Wessagusset. viii. 37. 248. ix. 5. 
Character of the people, viii. 264. 
The plantation broke up. viii. 271. 
Disturbs the Plymouth settlers, iii. 

West-point, ii. 192. 

Westwood, William, vii. 10. 

Wethersfield settled, iii. 5. 

Wetmore, William, v. 291. 

Wetucks works miracles among the In- 
dians, iii. 206. 

Wewenoeks, Indians, ix. 210. 220. 226. 

Wewewantet, Indian town. i. 19S. 

Wey, Henry, ix. 150. 151. 

Weymouth, Lord. ii. 104. 

Weymouth first planted by Weston's 
colony, viii. 24S. Plantation broken 
up. viii. 271. Robert Gorges attempts 
a settlement, i. 125. 


General Index. 

Whakepee-pond. i. 231. 
Whale-fishery begins at Nantucket, iii. 
157. 161. State of in Massachusetts, 
1763. viii. 202. 
Whalley, Col. one of king Charles Ist's 
judges, escapes to New- England, ii. 
35. Resides in Cambridge, vii. 50. 
Whampinages. v. 217. See Wampo- 

Wharton, Lord, introduces Dr. Mather 
to king William, ix. 245.. 246. Mem- 
ber of the Assembly of Divines, ix. 
Wharton, Richard, v. 231. King's 

counsellor, v. 245. 
Wharton, William, v. 234. 237. 

Whateley, , prosecutes Dr. Franklin. 

iii. 112. 
Wheatley, Phillis. iii. 301. 
Wheeler, Joseph, x. 88. 
Wheeler, Seth. ix. 143. 
Wheeler's-pond, Engagement at. v. 272. 
Wheelock, Eleazar. v. 171. ix. 88. Pres- 
ident of Dartmouth college, ix. 89. 
Wheelock, John. x. 192. 
Wheelwright, Col. vi. 113. 
Wheelwright, John. x. 42. Purchases 
Isles of Shoals, vii. 243. Antino- 
mian. viii. 6. ix. 22. 27. Banished 
from Massachusetts, ix. 31. Settles 
Exeter, iv. 87. Removes to Wells. 
iii. 138. iv. 89. Released from ban- 
ishment, ix. 48. 
Whetstone-hills, ix. 80. 
Whig and Tory, Names of, applied to 

parties in American colonies, ii. 63. 
Whipple, Gen. ii. 125. 
Whitaker, Nathaniel, ix. 89. Minister 

in Salem, vi. 275. 
Whitcomb, Col. ii. 94. 
White, Capt. ix. 106. 
White, Ebenezer. ix. 185. 197. 
White, John, of Cambridge, vii. 10. 
White, John, minister in Gloucester, x. 

White, John, minister of Dorchester, 
England, ix. 2. 18. Member of the 
Assembly of Divines, ix. 45. Pro- 
motes the settlement of New-England, 
ix. 148. Dorchester named in honour 
of him. ix. 149. 
White, Joseph, v. 57. 
White, Peregrine, first child born in 

New-England, viii. 217. 
White-hall- pond. iv. 17. 
White-Island, vii. 243. 
White-plains, Battle of. ii. 81. 82. 
White-pond in Brewster, x. 76. 
White- pond in Concord, i. 238. 
Whitestown. v. 21. Described, i. 284. 
Whitefield, George, comes to America, 
x. 162. Collects money for the suf- 
ferers by fire in Boston, iii. 271. 
Character, viii. 183. See also v. 171. 
viii. 280. 

Whitfield, Henry, settles Guilford, iv. 
182. ix. 96. Minister, x. 91. 92. 
Returns to England, x. 97. Charac- 
ter, iv. 186. See also ix. 85. x. 69. 

Whitfield, John. ix. 154. 

Whiting, Lieut. Col. vii. 107. 

Whiting, Thurston, iv. 23. _ 

Whitman, Levi. iii. 118. viii. 112. 

Whitman, Samuel, vi. 240. 

Whitman, Zechariah, minister of Hull. 
ix. 193. Character, ix. 197. 

Whitney, Peter, x. 192. 

Whittemore, Amos. vii. 3. 

Whittingham, William, pastor of the 
first Congregational church, vii. 267. 
Account of, and his descendants, v. 

Whittlesey, Samuel, x. 159. 

Whitwell, William, viii. 69. 

Whortleberry, iii. 221. 

Wianno, sachem, iii. 15. 

Wibird, Anthony, x. 68. 

Wibird, — — , one of the Congress at 
Albany, vii. 76. 203. 

Wibird, John. x. 68. 

Wibird, Thomas, x. 53. 

Wichaguscusset. viii. 248. See Wes- 

Wickabaug-pond. i. 259. 269. 273. 

Wigglesworth, Edward, x. 160. 

Wigglesworth, Edward, jun. viii. 282. 

Wight, Ebenezer. iii. 262. 

Wigwams, Indians, i. 149. iii. 211. 212. 
vii. 179. viii. 216. 

Wildboar, , of Compton. ix. 204. 

Wilkes, John. ii. 135. 

Wilkinson, Jemima, i. 285. 

Willard, Joseph, tutor of Harvard- Col- 
lege, x. 188. President, vii. 27. viii. 

Willard, Joseph, minister in Portsmouth, 
x. 59. 

Willard, Joseph, minister of Rutland, 
i. 264. 

Willard, Samuel, minister of Groton. 
ix. 193. Minister in Boston, iii. 258. 
viii. 176. Vice-President of Harvard- 
College, vii. 27. x. 181. Condemns 
the witchcraft proceedings, v. 75. 
His kindness to Mr. and Mrs. English. 
vi. 266. 270. x. 65. Author, iii. 300. 
Character, x. 168. An eloquent 
preacher, viii. 182. An eminent man. 
x. 164. 

Willard, Simon, Major, relieves Brook- 
field, i. 260. Cashiered, i. 261. 

Willet, Col. skirmish with enemy, ii. 
94. Sallies out of fort Stanwix. ii. 
108. In the expedition against the 
Onondago Indians, ii. 164. Action 
with Major Ross. ii. 220. 
William III. king. iii. 194. Conversa- 
tion with Dr. Mather, ix. 145. 
William-and-Mary-college founded, v. 
159. 164. 

General Index. 


; "William, Castle, built, iii. 298. Deliv- 
ered to Col. Dalrymple. ii. 45. 

\ Williams, , one of the first settlers 

of Dorchester, ix. 150. 

. Williams, , minister of Hatfield. 

x. 157. 

: Williams, British Major, ii. 122. 

' Williams, Abraham, viii. 125. 

" Williams, Col. one of the Congress at 
Albany, vii. 76. 203. 

j Williams, Col. in the battle of Guilford- 
court-house. ii. 207. In the battle of 
Eutaw- Springs, ii. 218. 

'< Williams, David, ii. 194. 

j Williams, Dr. bishop of Lincoln, ix. 42. 

l Williams, Dr. vice-chancellor of Cam- 
bridge, x. 31. 171. 

\ Williams, Elijah, viii. 51. 

* Williams, Elisha, rector of Yale- college. 

j x. 157. 
Williams, Ephraim, Col. viii. 47. 

I Williams, Ephraim, jun. memoirs of. 

1 viii. 47. See also vii. 107. 113. 

4 Williams, Isaac, x. 57. 

| Williams, Israel, viii. 49. ix. 221. 

I Williams, James, iv. 122. 

I Williams, John, minister of Deerfield. 
ix. 170. Death, ix. 197. 

? Williams, John, of Deerfield. F. H. S. 
v. 291. 

] Williams, John-Foster, viii. 197. 209. 

1 Williams, Jonathan, x. 192. 

| Williams, Nehemiah. ix. 134. 

I Williams, Roger, arrives in New-Eng- 
land, ix. 20. Preaches at Plymouth, 
iv. 110. vii. 277. x. 2. Banished 
from Massachusetts, i. 276. Founds 
the town of Providence, v. 216. Pur- 
chases lands of the Indians, v. 230. 
Renders essential services to the Eng- 
lish in the Pequot war. i. 277. Sent 
agent to England, vi. 144. Obtains 
a charter for Providence Plantations. 
i. 278. President of the colony, vi. 
144. Writes in favour of toleration. 
ix. 43. Bentley's memoirs of him and 
character, vi. 245. Strictures on his 
character, vii. (3.) Bentley's vindi- 
cation of his character, viii. 2. Eliot's 
memoirs of him. ix. 23. x. 15. A 
great man. x. 1. See also iii. 204. 
238. vi. 203. 
Williams, Solomon, x. 157. 
Williams, William, viii. 49. 

I Williamsburgh in New- York. i. 285. 

I Williamsburgh in Virginia described, ix. 

I Williams-college, Account of. viii. 47. 
Williamson, Gen. forces Col. Campbell 
to retreat to Savannah, ii. 163. De- 
taches a party of militia into the In- 
dian country, ii. 164. 

I Williamson, Hugh. v. 292. 

| Williamson, , at Plymouth, 1621. 

viii. 229. 

Williamstown in Massachusetts, viii. 48. 

Willis, Zephaniah. x. 192. 

Willoughby, Sir Hugh. ix. 54. 

Wills, Major, ii. 213. 

Wilmot, Col. iii. 95. Gov. of Nova- 
Scotia, iii. 102. 

Wilson, John, minister in Boston, iii. 
76. 242. 257. vi. (5.) viii. 44. ix. 12. 
18. Opposes the Antinomians. ix. 28. 
Visits England, viii. 6. ix. 19. Visits 
Plymouth, x. 2. Goes to Nonantum. 
v. 259. x. 14. Author, iii. 300. 
Character, ix. 13. 28. 

Wilson, John, of Hopinkonton. iv. 17. 

Wilson, John, minister of Medfield. i. 
99. ix. 175. 

Windmill- point, in Boston, iii. 242. 

Windmill- point, in Salern. vi. 216. 

Winds, Indians of New-England reckon 
eight, iii. 218. South-west wind in 
New-England described, iii. 218. East 
wind prevails during the spring, iii. 

Windsor in Connecticut, Historv of. v. 
166. Settled, iii. 5. 153. ix. 152. 

Windsor in Nova-Scotia, iii. 96. 98. 

Winegunganet, sachem, vi. 113. 114. 

Wing- pond. x. 76. 

Wingate, Joseph, ix. 234. 

Winkley, Francis, x. 69. 

Winnebagoes, Indians, ix. 92. 

Winnegance. ix. 210. Creek, i. 251. 

Winniett, , counsellor in Nova- 
Scotia, vi. 121. 

Winslow, Edward, parleys with Mas- 
assoit. viii. 229. Sent messenger to 
Masassoit. i. 148. viii. 232. Sent to 
Damarin's - cove. viii. 246. Visits 
Masassoit in his sickness, viii. 257. 
Sent agent to England, vii. 277. viii. 
276. Brings the first cattle to New- 
England, iii. 35. Gov. of Plymouth, 
iii. 194. His kindness to Roger Wil- 
liams, i. 276. 277. x. 22. Prays and 
exhorts in publick. iv. 136. Answers 
the complaints of Thomas Morton, 
and committed to prison in London, 
iv. 120. Solicits Parliament to con- 
stitute a corporation for propagating 
the gospel among the Indians of New- 
England, i. 212. 

Winslow, John, Gen. His successes in 
Nova- Scotia, vii. 91. Commands the 
provincial forces in 1756. vii. 157. 
His operations, vi. 34. Estimates the 
expenses of Massachusetts for 1758. 
vi. 44. 

Winslow, Josias, Gov. of Plymouth, iii. 
194. Gen. of the United Colonies in 
Philip's war. vi. 90. Commissioner 
of the United Colonies, v. 229. 

Winter- harbour, vi. 216. 

Winter-island, vi. 212. 219. 228. 

VOL. X. 

p P 


General Index. 

Winthrop, James, vii. 11. F. H. S. v. 

291. viii. 102. 
Winthrop, John, Gov. of Massachusetts. 

iii. 76. 194. Arrives from England. 

i. 256. iii. 74. 241. vi. 155. ix. 149. 

One of the first settlers of Boston, iii. 

242. Builds a house in Cambridge. 

vii. 8. Removes to Boston, vii. 8. 

Exhorts in publick. vii. 6. ix. 19. x. 

2. Opposes Roger Williams, vi. 247. 

ix. 24. Advises him to go to Narra- 

ganset-bay. i. 276. Visits Salem, and 

is treated with great respect, vi. 252. 

Opposes the Antinomians. viii. 7. ix. 

28. 31. Apology for his credulity, ix. 

29. Goes to Watertown to settle a 
controversy, ix. 21. Governour's 
island granted to him. iii. 299. Death. 
vi. 258. Character, iii. 74. vii. 11. 
viii. 38. Author, iii. 300. His jour- 
nal published by Noah Webster, i. 2. 
See also iii. 72. 75. 298. v. 172. vi. 

237. 256. viii. 9. ix. 10. 12. 16. 20. 
27. 37. 42. 44. 47. 151. 174. x. 1. 

Winthrop, John, agent to England, v. 

238. 248. Account of his agency, iv. 
262. Purchases land of the Narra- 
ganset sachems, v. 217. Gov. of Con- 
necticut, iv. 262. 

Winthrop, John, professor, vii. 11. 

Death, x. 52. Character, x. 159. 
Winthrop, John-Fitz. v. 232. King's 

counsellor, v. 245. 
Winthrop, Judge, v. 76. 
Winthrop, Thomas-LindalL x. 192. 
Winthrop, Waite. v. 235. vi. 287. 

King's counsellor, v. 245. 
Winthrop, William, vii. 3. 7. 11. 
Winthrop's-island. i. 206. x. 131. 
Winthrop'spond. iii. 18. 
Wintonbury parish in Windsor, v. 169. 
Wiscasset, Description of. vii. 163. 
Wiscasset Indians, ix. 220. 
Wise, , minister of Ipswich, ix. 

Wise, Jeremiah, minister in Berwick, x. 

70. Eminent man. x. 170. 
Wistar, Caspar, x. 192. 
Wiswall, Ichabod, minister of Duxbo- 

rough. i. 99. ii. 8 Agent for colony 

of Plymouth, ix. 179. 
Wiswall, Ichabod, schoolmaster, ix. 186. 
Wiswall, Noah. v. 272. 
Wiswall, Peleg. ix. 185. 
Wiswall, Samuel, ix 184. 
Wiswall, Thomas, ix. 192. v. 266. 
Witchcraft, Several persons in Massa- 
chusetts executed for, in 1655. vi. 

258. Many more in 1692. v. 61. 234. 

265. vii. 241. 
Witherspoon, Dr. ii. 140. 
Withington, Mather, ix. 187. 
Wituwamat, Indian of Massachusetts, 

solicits Canacum against the English. 

viii. 255. Capt. Standish sent to Mas- 

sachusetts to kill him. viii. 266. He 
insults Capt. Standish. viii. 269. But 
is put to death, viii. 269. 272. 

Wivurna, Indian, vi. 114. 

Woahoo, Sandwich Islands, ix. 243. 

Woburn incorporated, ix. 39. 

Wolcott, Gen. ii. 125. 

Wolcott, Henry, ix. 154. 

Wolcott, Lieut. Col. ii. 98. 

Wolcott, Oliver, vii. 238. F. H. S. v. 

Wolcott, Major, vii. 76. 203. 

Wolcott, Roger, iv. 262. 

Wolcott, Solomon, v. 169. 

Wollaston, Capt. viii. 37. 

Wollaston, Mount, iv. 120. viii. 37. 

Women, Indian, till the ground, i. 149. 
iii. 212. 221. iv. 72. v. 8. 20. 22. ix. 
100. And perform the greater part of 
the labour, iii. 212. viii. 252. 256. 
ix. 217. 228. 

Wompompeague, Indian money, of what 
made. i. 152. iii. 231. viii. 192. In- 
habitants of Plymouth begin to trade 
with. iii. 54. See Wampum. 

Wongunck on Connecticut river, x. 105. 

Wooapa- island, iv. 242. 

Wood, Nathaniel, iv. 127. 

Wood, , the Oxonian, ix. 9. 

Woodbridge, , minister of Andover. 

x. 26. 

Woodbridge, Benjamin, Memoirs of. x. 

Woodbridge, Col. ii. 117. 

Woodbridge, Deacon, iv. 55. 56. 

Woodbridge, John. v. 169. 

Woodbridge, William, iv. 96. 

Woodcock's garrison, x. 139. 140. Capt. 
Pierce defeated by the Indians near. 
vi. 89. 

Wood-creek, emptying into Oneida- 
lake. vii. 95. i. 285. 

Wood- end in Province-town. iv. 42. 
viii. 197. 204. 

Woodford, Col. ii. 85. Gen. ii. 144. 

Woods, Lake of. iii. 24. 

Woods-hole. viii. 128. 

Woods-neck. viii. 187. 

Woodstock, Indian towns in. i. 190. ix. 

Woodstock in Vermont, iii. 152. 

Woodward and Green, printers, vi. 77. 

Woodward, Henry, ix. 192. 

Woodward, Samuel, ix. 206. 

Woolens manufactured in the British- 
American colonies, i. 74. 

Woolman, John. iv. 201. 

Woolston's-river. vi. 216. 

Wooster, Gen. ii. 95. 

Worcester, , minister of Salisbury. 

x. 26. 

Worcester county formed, i. 116. 

Worcester town, Description of. i. 112. 
Indian town in. i. 192. 

Worm, Gray, and white, ix. 203. 

Index of Authors. 


Wormley, Christopher, counsellor in 
Virginia, v. 144. Collector, v. 159. 

Wormley, Ralph, counsellor in Virginia. 
v. 144. Collector, v. 159. Secretary 
v. 165. 

Worms, Five sorts of, which are destruc- 
tive to Indian corn. viii. 190. 

Worten-creek. ix. 102. 

Worthington, John. viii. 49. One of 
the Congress at Albany, vii. 76. 203. 

Woulfe, Mr. ix. 256. 

Wraxal, Capt. vii. 145. Aid-de-camp 
to Gen. Johnson, vii. 98. In the bat- 
tle of Lake-George, vii. 108. 

"Wreck-cove. viii. 117. 

Wrentham, Indians defeated near. x. 
138. Disputes in the church of. v. 

Wright, Benjamin, x. 96. 

Wright, Sir James, ii. 04. 

Wullamannuck-hill. i. 269. 

Wunnohson, Indian, x. 132. 

Wyandots, Indians, x. 123. 

Wyendance, sachem, x. 106. 

Wyllys, George, ix. 78. vii. 214. 239. 

Wyoming settlements destroyed, ii. 


Yaneka, Indian town. ix. 95. 

Yarmouth in Massachusetts, Description 
of. v. 54. Vessels, viii. 141. In- 
dian towns, i. 197. 232. v. 55. See 
also viii. 131. 132. 

Yarmouth in Nova-Scotia, ill. 96. x. 

Yellow-fever among the Indians, i. 140. 

York in Maine, Description of. iii. 6. 
Destroved by the Indians, i. 104. 

York in Virginia, Siege of. ii. 221. ix. 

York, Territory granted to the duke of, 
by Charles lid. iii. 95. 

York, Dr. Markham, Archbishop of. ii. 

Yorke, Sir Joseph, his memorials to the 
Dutch, ii. 92. 183. 

York-pond. iii. 7. 

York-river, iii. 7. 

Yummanum, sachem, x. 104. 


Zeb's-cove. viii. 187. 
Zedwitz, Lieut. Col. ii. 72. 
Zubly, Dr. ix. 157. 


Note, The figures refer to the numbers in the General Table of Contents, 


! Alden, Timothy. 177. 196. 276. 333. 

i Apthorp, George-Henry. 357. 
i Auchmuty, Robert. 73. 
j Awasuncks, Squaw sachem. 29. 

' Backus, Isaac. 317. 374. 
■ Badger, Stephen. 211. 
; Bailey, Jacob. 244. 

- Bangs, Edward. 308. 
i Barnard, John. 178. 

I Basset, Benjamin. 218. 

i Belknap, Jeremy. 1. 3. 6. 7. 122. 124. 

184. 238. 274. 300. 361. 
] Bennet, Nehemiah. 316. 

Bentley, William. 125. 151. 281. 
i| Bernard, Francis. 250. 
i Birdsey, Nathan. 233. 
j Blake, James. 368. 
] Bollan, William. 78, 81, 92. 98. 99. 
t Bradford, Alden. 267. 314. 
i Bradford, William. 12. 18. 

Brattle, Thomas. 64. 

- Brinley, Francis. 60. 61. -».. 
Brown, Clark. 312. 350. 351. 

Buck, Isaac. 48. 
Bulkley, John. 226. 
Burgoyne, Gen. 114. 

Carr, Robert. 23. 

Chauncy, Charles. 144. 175. 179. 180. 

Church, Benjamin. 112. 

Clap, Noah. 302. 304. 

Clark, William. 87.91. 

Coffin. Peleg. 342. 

Cole, Hugh. 25. 

Coles worthy, Samuel. 353. 

Colman, Benjamin. 72. 

Colman, John. 71. 

Contrecoeur, Capt. 83. 

Cooper, John. 265. 

Cotton, John, of Boston. 14. 

Cotton, John, Esq. of Plymouth. 315. 

Cranfield, Edward. 57. 

Cramston, John. 50. 

Cudworth, James. 43, 145. 

Cugnet, . 253. 


Dalton, Capt. 246. 
Damon, Jude. 216. 


Index of Authors. 

Dana, James. 192. 
Davis, Daniel. 119. 
Davis, John. 186. 
Davis, Wendell. 336. 
Dawes, Thomas, jun. 190. 
Dickinson, Timothy. 294. 
Downes, John. 16. 
Dudley, Thomas. 13. 
Dummer, Jeremiah. 165. 166. 
Dwight, Joseph. 82. 


Easton, John. 40. 

Edwards, Jonathan. 220. 

Eliot, Andrew. 115. 

Eliot, John, of Boston. 129. 132. 138. 

143. 147. 152. 158. 161. 172. 185. 191. 

194. 195. 283. 299. 320. 
Eliot, John, of Roxbury. 28. 204. 206. 

Ellis, Jonathan. 268. 
Emerson, William. 343. 


Fiske, Nathan. 309.310. 

Fitch, Ebenezer. 188. 

Flynt, Henry. 176. 

Fobes, Peres. 121. 319. 

Folger, Walter. 339. 

Foster, Theodore. 131. 

Franklin, Benjamin. 107. 

Freeman, Ezekiel. 113. 254. 255. 256. 

257. 258. 
Freeman, James. 153. 189. 321. 322. 

323. 327. 328. 329. 331. 332. 335. 338. 
Freeman, John. 41. 
Freeman, Nathaniel. 217. 
Frye, Col. 198. 


Gardner, John. 288. 
Goldthwait, Joseph. 242. 
Gookin, Daniel. 154. 203. 
Gorton, Samuel. 39. 
Grant, Alexander. 259. 
Graves, . 280. 

Half- king, Indian chief. 84. 
Hamilton, James. 86. 
Harris, Thaddeus- Mason. 301. 
Hawley, Gideon. 236. 240. 337. 
Higgeson, or Higginson, Francis. 279. 
Hoare, Leonard. 140. 
Holmes, Abiel. 135. 136. 137. 141. 142. 
146. 160. 168. 181. 182. 229. 230. 285. 
Homer, Jonathan. 286. 
Hubbard, John. 311. 

I. & J. 
Jay, John. 239. 
Ingraham, Duncan. 352. 
Ingraham, Joseph. 360. 

Jones, William. 287. 


Kippis, Andrew. 123. 
Kirkland, John-Thornton. 

237. 245. 

Leate, William. 53. 

Lettsom, John-C. 375. 376. 377. 379. 

Leverett, John. 47. 

Lincoln, Benjamin. 248. 263. 264. 

Livingston, Gov. 96. 

Loring, Israel. 289. 

Mac- Clure, David. 345. 
Macy, Zaccheus. 340, 
Magee, Bernard. 362. 
Magee, James. 359. 
Mann, James. 44. 
Marshe, Witham. 74. 
Mascarenc, Paul. 77. 
Mason, Thaddeus. 210. 
Mather, Cotton. 62. 68. 164. 297. 367. 
Mather, Increase. 70. 163. 
Mather, Samuel. 296. 
Mauduit, Israel. 106. 
Mauduit, Jasper. 102. 103. 105. 
May, Joseph. 159. 
Mayhew, Thomas. 30. 
Mellen, John. 371. 
Mellen, John, jun. 187. 334. 347. 
Morell, William. 313. 
Morse, Jedediah. 275. 

Mourt, . 10. 

Myles, Samuel. 133. 


Neal, Daniel. 169. 
Newman, Henry. 171. 


Occum, Samson. 241. 

Ogden, . 252. 

Osborne, John. 95. 


Packard, Asa. 290. 

Page, Robert. 65. 

Palmer, Edward. 45. 

Parkman, Ebenezer. 306. 

Parmenius, Stephen. 9. 

Peck, William-Dandridge. 378.380.381. 

Pemberton, Thomas. 118. 295. 

Philip, Sachem. 24. 

Pierronet, Thomas. 197. 356. 

Pitkin, William. 89. 90. 

Potter, Elam. 249. 

Prince, Gov. 31. 34. 149. 155. 

Prince, John. 26. 

Prince, Thomas. 363. 

Quanapaug, James. 46. 

Index of Authors. 



Ralle, Sebastian. 202. 
Ramsay, David. 247. 
Randolph, Edward. 37. 52. 
Rawson and Danforth. 208. 
Rawson, Edward. 35. 38. 
Revere, Paul. 111. 
Ripley, Lincoln. 271. 
Roberts, Edward. 19. 
Ruggles, Thomas. 349. 


Sewall, David. 157. 173. 174. 273, 

Sharp, Granville. 134. 

Shaw, Bezaleel. 341. 

Shirley, William. 75. 80. 

Shute, Samuel. 69. 

Simpkins, John. 330. 

Smith, Aaron. 291. 

Spalding, Lyman. 277. 

Spooner, John-Jones. 355. 

Stiles, Ezra. 200. 213. 214. 215. 223. 

225. 227. 228. 231. 232. 344. 
Stimson, Jeremy. 293. 
Stirling, Earl of. 100. 
Stone, Nathan. 292. 307. 
Stuyvesant, Gov. 22. 
Sullivan, James. 4. 126. 201. 266. 269. 
Sunderland, Earl of. 49. 55. 

Temple, Thomas. 128. 
Tenney, Samuel. 278. 365. 
Thacher, James. 373. 
Thayer, Nathaniel. 369. 
Thomas, Nathaniel. 42. 
Thomson, Isaac. 318. 
Tracy, Nathaniel. 156. 
Trumbull, Jonathan. 108. 116. 
Tudor, William. 130. 
Tufts, Cotton. 67. 


15. 66. 76. 109. 117. 127. 139. 150. 205. 
235. 260. 270, 282. 303. 354. 364. 370. 


Walker, James. 32. 
Washington, George. 85. 
Watts, Isaac. 170. 
Weare, Comptroller. 104. 
Webster, Noah. 346. 348. 
Wells, Nathaniel. 272. 
Wharton, William. 56. 
Wheeler, Joseph. 305. 
Whitman, Levi. 324. 325. 326. 
Willard, Secretary. 94. 
Williams, Roger. 148. 222. 
Winslow, Edward. 11. 
Winslow, John. 97. 
Winthrop, James. 193. 284. 
Winthrop, John. 366. 
Wolcott, Roger. 20. 

Authors of Letters, Extracts, 
etc. forming parts of the 


Note. The figures refer to the paycs of 
the volumes, as in the (Jeneral Index. 

Adams, John. iv. 80. viii. 101. 
Adams, John-Quincy. viii. 105. 
Adams, Samuel, iv. 83. 
Aspinwall, William, v, 187. 
Barnard, John. viii. 55. 77. 
Belknap, Jeremy, iv. 67. v. 32. vi. (13.) 
Bentley, William, ix. 13. x. 64. 
Bernard, Richard, ix. 16. 
Blake, Elder, ix. 149. 
Blossom, Thomas, iii. 41. 
Bourne, Richard, i. 196. 
Boyle, Robert, i. 214. 
Bulfinch, Charles, iii. 250. 255. 
Calamy, Dr. ix. 8. 
Callender, J. ix. 182. 
Capellan, Baron Van der. vi. 185. 
Cartwright, George, v. 193. 
Carver, Jonathan, ix. 92. 
Chalmers, George, ix. 153. 
Clarke, John. iii. 251. 
Clark, Thomas, viii. 34. 
Cornwallis, Lord. ii. 192. 
Cotton, John, of Boston, vii. 39. 
Cotton, John, of Plymouth, i. 199. 207. 
Cushman, Robert, iii. 29. 34. 
Damon, Jude. iii. 201. 
Danforth, John. ix. 176. 
De Lancey, Lieut. Gov. vii. 81. 
Devotion, John. x. 105. 
Duchambon, Gov. i. 45. 
Dudley, Joseph, iii. 135. 
Du Pratz. ix. 93. 

Edwards, Jonathan, jun. ix. 91. 95. 
Eliot, John, of Boston, iii. 300. iv. 210. 
Eliot, John, of Roxbury. viii. 24. 29. 
Endicot, John. iii. 66. 
Pitch, James, i. 208. 
Pletcher, Thomas, iii. 39. 
Poster, Dr. iv. 240. 
Pranklin, Benjamin, iii. 288. vi. 65. 
Prisbie, Levi. x. 33. 
Puller, Samuel, iii. 74. 
Galloway, ii. 93. 
Gates, Gen. ii. 111. 116. 189. 
Germaine, Lord George, ii. 97. 
Gerry, Elbridge. iv. 84. 
Gott, Charles, iii. 67. 
Greene, Gen. ii. 192. 207. 242. 
Gridley, Jeremy, v. 212. 
Hales, Stephen, iii. 277. 
Hardy, Sir Charles, vii. 129. 
Herbert, i. 160. 
Higgins, Ambrose, iv. 253. 
Holmes, Abiel. ix. 58. 284. 
Howe, Gen. ii. 81. 

Hubbard, William, vii. 279. ix. 151. 
x. 4. 


Index of Authors. 


Hutchinson, Thomas, i. 259. 

Jay, John. ii. 245. 

Jefferson, Thomas, ix. 91. 

Jessop, Francis, iii. 44. 

Johnson, vii. 13, 17. 

Kirkland, John-T. vi. (15.) 

Kippis, Andrew, iv. 79. 

Langdon, Samuel, x. 63. 

Lee, Gen. ii. 65. 

Legardeur de St. Pierre, vii. 71. 

Lincoln, Gen. ii. 179. 

Livingston, Gov. ii. 93. 

Locke, iv. 161. 

Lovell, James, iv. 83. 

Madison, James, iv. 82. 

Maison-forte, Marquis de la. i. 

Manning, President, iii. 165. 

Mather, Cotton, iii. 128. vii. 251. ix. 

174. 277. 
Mather, Increase, ix. 155. x. 176. 
May hew, Thomas, i. 204. 
Milton, v. 171. 

Minot, George-Richards, viii. 98. 
Moodey, Joshua, x. 40. 44. 
Morgan, Gen. ii. 203. 
Morton, Nathaniel, iv. 122. 
Newcastle, Duke of. i. 20. 
Paine, Thomas, ii. 69. 226. 
Pepperell, William, i. 13—53. 
Pole, William, ii. 9. 
Prentiss, Joshua, iii. 19. 
Prince, Thomas, viii. 232. 237. 253. 
Purcell. iv. 99. 
Razier, Isaac de. iii. 54. 
Reaumur, v. 287. 
Robertson, William, vii. 228. 
Robinson, John. iii. 45. 
Rolt. i. 110. 
Sergeant, v. 18. 
Sewall, Stephen, viii. 97. 
Shelburne, Earl of. ii. 71. 
Shepard, Thomas, vii. 43. 
Sherley, James, iii. 27—73. 
Shirley, William, vii. 131. 
Skinner, James, i. 18. 
Smith, John. i. 157. 
Snelling, Jonathan, i. 18. 

Stiles, Ezra. x. 166. 
Thomson, Charles, iv. 156. 
Townsend, Thomas, ii. 91. 
Treat, Samuel, viii. 171. 177. 
Trumbull, Benjamin, ix. 77. 
Tucker, St. George, iv. 191. 
Varnum, James-M. ii. 129. 
Wallcut, Thomas, iv. 7. 
Warren, John. iii. 290. 
Warren, Peter, i. 21—49. 
Washington, George, ii. 99. 105. 107. 

113. 119. 133. 141. 171. 188. 199. 236. 

244. viii. 99. 
Wayne, Gen. ii. 170. 
Webster, Noah. vi. 76. 
Wentworth, Benning. i. 13. 
White, Roger, iii. 39. 42. 
Wilkes, John. ii. 135. 
Willard, President, vi. (6). vii. 66. 
Winthrop, James, vii. 61. 
Winthrop, Gov. vi. 155. viii. 29. 220. 

ix. 12. 21. 154. 155. x. 2. 38. 

Authors op Notes. 

Backus, Isaac, iii. 164. 

Belknap, Jeremy, i. 125. ii. 20—24. 

35. iv. 158. 223. v. 5. 53. 54. 124. 
Brinley, Francis, v. 251. 
Davis, John. vi. (3.) (10.) (11.) (13.) 

83—100. 205. 207. 
Eliot, John, of Boston, i. 66—95. v. 

171. 172. 187. viii. 4. ix. 268. 
Emerson, William, ix. 236. 
Freeman, James, i. 111—230. iii. 203. 

v. 80. viii. 203—276. 
Holmes, Abiel. vii. 222. x. 89—178. 
Minot, George-Richards, i. 233. 
Morse, Jedidiah. i. 209. vii. 67. 
Rich, Obadiah. viii. 145. 
Stiles, Ezra. x. 97. 98. 112. 116. 
Thacher, Peter, ii. 14. 25. 28. 41. 
Wetmore, William, iii. 50. 77. 
Willis, Zephaniah. viii. 147. 

Laws of the Society. 31K 



Article I. Each member shall pay eight dollars at the time of his 
H admission, and two dollars annually, to create a fund, for the benefit of 
j the institution. And any member shall be exempted from the annual pay- 
i ment of two dollars, provided he shall at any time after six months from 
his admission, pay to the Treasurer thirty-four dollars, in addition to what 
ji he had before paid. 

Art. II. All elections shall be made by ballot. 

Art. III. Nominations of Corresponding Members may be made by 
i the members of the Society ; but no member shall nominate more than 
^ one candidate at the same meeting ; and all nominations shall be made at 
a meeting previous to that at which the ballot is to be taken. 

Art. IV. There shall be four stated meetings of the Society in each 

year ; namely, on the last Thursdays of January, April, and October, and 

I on the day before Commencement. And occasional meetings shall be 

S convened, on due notification, by the President, or in case of his absence, 

i by one of the Secretaries, on the application of any two of the members. 

Art. V. There shall be annually chosen, at the meeting in April, a 
' President, a Recording Secretary, a Corresponding Secretary, a Treas- 
I urer, a Librarian, a Cabinet Keeper, and a Standing Committee of five. 

Art. VI. At the request of any two members present, any motion 
| shall be deferred to another meeting, for farther consideration, before it is 
1 finally determined, and shall then be taken up. 

Art. VII. All accounts shall be kept in dollars and cents. 

Art. VIII. Five members present shall be a quorum for all purposes, 
f excepting those of making alterations in, or additions to, the laws and 
j regulations of this Society, and the election of members. 

Art. IX. No alterations in, or addition to, the laws and regulations 
of this Society shall be made, unless there are eight members present ; 

304 Laws of the Society. 

and no member shall be chosen, unless there are nine members present at 
the election, and unless two-thirds of the members present vote for his 

Art. X. Members, who are chosen in other States and countries, shall 
not be required to make contribution with the members who are citizens 
of the Commonwealth. 


Article I. All nominations of Resident Members shall be made by 
the President and Standing Committee, at one meeting at least previous 
to that, at which the ballot is to be taken. 

Art. II. The Standing Committee shall regulate all the common ex- 
penses of the Society, and make the necessary provision of such small 
articles as may be wanted, and shall have power to draw on the Treasurer 
to defray the expense. 

Art. III. They shall aid the Librarian and Cabinet Keeper, when 
they shall require it, in the arrangement of the books, pamphlets, maps, 
and manuscripts, and in the disposition of curiosities and articles belong- 
ing to the cabinet, and shall especially attend to the preservation and bind- 
ing of books and pamphlets. 

Art. IV. They shall frequently inspect the records, and inquire 
whether all the orders of the Society are carried into effect with precision 
and promptitude. 

Art. V. They shall inquire for, and endeavour to obtain, on the best 
terms for the benefit of the Society, manuscripts, books, and articles of 

Art. VI. They shall meet in the week previous to each stated quar- 
terly meeting of the Society, and arrange and prepare such business, as 
may be a subject for the Society's attention. The Recording Secretary 
shall notify to the Standing Committee their stated meetings. 


Article I. All books which are presented to the library shall be ac- 
cepted with thanks, and also every curiosity for the museum. 

Art. II. American coins and curiosities shall be kept by themselves 
in the best part of the cabinet. 

Laios of the Society. ?A)r, 

Art. III. At every quarterly meeting, a catalogue of the hooks, 
pamphlets, manuscripts, and maps, shall he produced by the Librarian; 
and a catalogue of the curiosities by the Cabinet Keeper: and every mem- 
ber shall in person, if present, and in writing if absent, give an account 
of the books and manuscripts, or whatever article belonging to the Society 
he may have in his possession. 

Art. IV. Once in every year, previous to the spring meeting, the 
Standing Committee shall inspect the library and museum, and report the 
state of every article at that meeting, and what books are particularly 

Art. V. There shall be two keys to the Society's room, one of which 
shall be kept by the Librarian, and the other by the Cabinet Keeper, to 
be by them delivered to no person except one of the members. 

Art. VI. No book shall be taken from the library, but with the knowl- 
edge of the Librarian, who shall make a record of the same. A member 
shall not have more than three books at a time, unless by special leave 
obtained by a vote of the Society. He shall not retain any volume longer 
than four weeks, but may renew the same once : after which the same 
person shall not have the same books for three months, unless by special 
leave of the Standing Committee. Members living more than ten miles 
from Boston may renew their books without personal application. No 
manuscript shall be taken out of the library, but in the presence of the 

Art. VII. The sixth article shall not prevent the Committee, annually 
chosen to superintend the publications of the Society, from taking out of 
the library, with the knowledge of the Librarian, as many books and 
papers as they may want. 

Art. VIII. Newspapers and maps shall not be allowed to be taken 
out of the library, except by the Publishing Committee. 

Art. IX. Fines for a breach of the sixth article shall be at the weekly 
rate of ten cents for every book less than an octavo ; twenty, for an octavo ; 
thirty, for a quarto ; and forty, for a folio. 

Art. X. An application in writing, left with the Librarian, shall secure 
any volume or set, for a fortnight after it may be returned to the library ; 
and if more than one such application be made, they shall be answered in 
the order of their respective dates. 

Art. XI. If books or manuscripts be requested for publick uses, or 
for the peculiar benefit of persons whom the Society is disposed to oblige, 
the application shall be made to the Librarian through the medium of 
some member, who shall be responsible in a written obligation, for the 

VOL. X. Qq 

306 Laws of the Society, 

return of each article borrowed, within such time as shall be stipulated 
by the Librarian, not exceeding three months. 

Art. XII. All persons, who take books from the library, shall be 
answerable for any injury to the same, which shall be estimated by the 
Standing Committee. 

Art. XIII. The privilege of using the library shall be suspended, as 
respects the person who neglects to pay any fines or assessments for dam- 
ages, longer than one month, after he shall have received notice from the 

Art. XIV. It shall be the duty of the Librarian to attend at the 
library, or to procure some member to attend in his stead, on the after- 
noon of each Thursday, at 3 o'clock, P. M., for the accommodation of the 
members. And it is understood and expected that the members will reg- 
ulate themselves accordingly. 

Art. XV. All pamphlets shall be bound, except duplicates; which 
shall be kept by themselves, and triplicates shall be exchanged. 

Art. XVI. All manuscripts shall be distinctly marked and numbered, 
and kept in cases of paper ; which shall also be numbered, and the con- 
tents of each registered. 

Art. XVII. Every present received shall be recorded, and an account 
of it rendered at the next meeting of the Society. 

Art. XVIII. A printed ticket shall be pasted on the inside of the 
cover of each book, signifying that it is the property of the Society, and 
also the name of the donor, if it be a present. 

At a meeting of the Massachusetts Historical Society, holder] May 4th, 
1809, it was voted, 

That the foregoing Articles shall be the Statute Laws of the Society, 
any votes and customs to the contrary notwithstanding. 

Copied from the Records, 

James Freeman, Rec'g Sec'y. 

Officers of the Society. 



I James Sullivan, 1791—1806. 
I Christopher Gore, 1806—1809. 

Standing Committee. 
" James Winthrop, 1791—1809. 
! Peter Thacher, 1791—1802. 
i George R. Minot, 1791—1792. 
| Redford Webster, 1793—1809. 
\ John Davis, 1798—1809. 
.Josiah Quincy, 1798—1802. 

William Tudor, 1803-1807. 

William Emerson, 1803 — 1809. 

John T. Kirkland, 1807—1809. 

i William Tudor, 1791—1796. 

George R. Minot, 1796—1799. 

William Tudor, 1799—1803. 
;i Josiah Quincy, 1803—1809. 

Corresponding Secretaries. 
1 Jeremy Belknap, 1791—1798. 
j John Eliot, 1798—1809. 

Recording Secretaries. 
jThomas Wallcutt, 1791—1792. 
George R. Minot, 1792—1793. 
James Freeman, 1793—1809. 

! John Eliot, 1791—1793. 
» George R. Minot, 1793—1795. 
John Eliot, 1795—1798. 
t John T. Kirkland, 1798—1806. 
1 William S. Shaw, 1806—1808. 
'Timothy Alden, 1808—1809. 

Cabinet Keepers. 
Samuel Turell, 1794—1808. 
i Timothy Alden, 1808—1809. 
■l Joseph Mc. Kean, 1809. 

Committees of Publication. 
1st. Volume. 
Jeremy Belknap, 
<John Eliot, 
James Freeman, 
George R. Minot. 

2rf. Volume. 
James Sullivan, 
Peter Thacher, 
: William Tudor, 
Redford Webster. 

3d. Volume. 
Jeremy Belknap, 
William Wetmore. 
Aaron Dexter, 
James Freeman. 

4th. Volume. 
Jeremy Belknap, 
John Eliot, 
James Freeman, 
George R. Minot. 

5th. Volume. 
John Eliot, 
James Freeman, 
Jedediah Morse, 
Josiah Quincy. 

6th. Volume. 
George R. Minot, 
John Davis, 
John T. Kirkland, 
Josiah Quincy. 

7th. Volume. 
Abiel Holmes, 
Jedidiah Morse, 
William Spooner, 
Thaddeus M. Harris. 

8th. Volume. 
Peter Thacher, 
John Eliot, 
James Freeman, 
William Sullivan. 

9th. Volume. 
John Davis, 
William Emerson, 
John T. Kirkland, 
Josiah Quincy. 

10th. Volume. 
Thomas L. Winthrop, 
Abiel Holmes, 
John Q. Adams, 
Thaddeus M. Harris. 

Committee chosen to publish the first 
volume of the new series, John Eliot, 
James Freeman, John Davis, and 
Redford Webster, to whom it is re- 
quested communications may be made. 

308 Errata, 


Rev. Jeremy Belknap, D. D. 

Rev. Peter Thacher, D. D. 

His Excellency James Sullivan, Esq. 

Hon. George Richards Minot, Esq. 

Isaac Lothrop, Esq. 

Mr. Thomas Pemberton. 

Hon. Peleg Coffin, Esq. 

Ezekiel Price, Esq. 

Rev. John Clarke, D. D. 

Thomas Brattle, Esq. 

William Fiske, Esq. 

Marston Watson, Esq. 

Rev. John Erskine, D. D. 

Rev. Ezra Stiles, D. D. 

Rev. John Jones Spooner. 

Sir William Jones. 

Mr. Gardiner Baker. 

Mr. Gilbert Harrison Hubbard. 

Dr. Isaac Senter. 

Dr. Ehhu Hubbard Smith. 

Rev. Andrew Eliot. 

Rev. Arthur Homer, D. D. 

Mr. Ebenezer Grant Marsh. 


Vol. i. p. 251. 1. 7. for 1616 read 1716. 
p. 257. 1. 5. for Iashmuit, r. Tashmuit. 

Vol. ii. p. 25. 1. 5. for son Daniel, r. son 

Vol. iii. p. 15. last 1. for 1739, r. 1639. 
p. 194. in the list of the Governours of 
after 1637. Wm. Bradford, insert 

1638. Tho. Prince. 

1639. Wm. Bradford. 

Vol. iv. p. 111. 1. 30. for 1638, r. 

Vol. v. p. 56. 1. 1. for Joseph, r. 
p. 211. 1. 11. for Eccha, r. Eccho. 
1. 15. r. newspapers. 

Vol. vi. p 102. Note. A more prob- 
able and intelligible supposition is that 
geng is intended to express general thing, 
or genus, for he adds, the species thereof. 
p. 270. 1. 3. r. ministers in Boston. 

Vol. vii. p. 15. Note. Read, 
The second church was gathered at Charles - 

town in the year 1630. 
The fourth — at Roxbury — 1631. 
The fifth— at Lynn— 1631. 
The sixth — at Watertown—lGSl. 
The seventh — at Boston — 1632. 
p. 24, Note. 1. 18. from bot. for 1668, r. 

p. 215. 

1663. p. 30. Note. 1. 8. from bot. for 
Mather, r. Danforth. p. 38. for Stone died 
July 2. r. July 20. 

Vol. viii. p. 27. 1. 21. for protexity, r. pro- 
lixity, p. 68. 1. 14. for During this year, 
r. In the year 1716. p. 143. 1. 7. from bot. 
lor east, r. west. p. 167. 1. 35. Rev. Mr. 
Prince was not a descendant of Gov. Prince. 
See Eliot's Biographical Dictionary, p. 393. 
p. 278. in the Note, 1. 19. from bot. for 

1664, r. 1644. 

Vol. ix. p. 32. 1. 1. for 1677, r. 1637. p. 
41. in the Note, 1. 17. for 1684, r. 1585. p. 
157. Note. 1. 2. from bot. for Connecticut, r. 
Massachusetts, p. 160. 1. 32. after behalf, 
insert and. p. 162. 1. 11. after date, insert 
January 2. 1792. p. 163. 1. 7. for from, r. 
into p. 175. 1. 8. from bot. for 1681, r. 
1671. p. 177. 1. 13. for 1767. r. 1697. 

Other Errours are noted in Vol. i. p. 124. 
139. 153. 226. Vol. ii. beginning. Vol. iii. 
beg. and p. 32. 240. Vol. v. p. 106. Vol. 
vi. p. (22.) and 288. Vol. viii. beg. Vol. 
ix. beg. 

Note. In the second Edition of the 1st 
Vol. the Errours of the first Edition are